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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926392/flexible-adult-acquired-flatfoot-deformity-comparison-between-weight-bearing-and-non-weight-bearing-measurements-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#1
Cesar de Cesar Netto, Lew C Schon, Gaurav K Thawait, Lucas Furtado da Fonseca, Apisan Chinanuvathana, Wojciech B Zbijewski, Jeffrey H Siewerdsen, Shadpour Demehri
BACKGROUND: The 3-dimensional nature of adult acquired flatfoot deformity can be challenging to characterize using radiographs. We tested the hypothesis that measurements on weight-bearing (WB) cone-beam computed tomography (CT) images were more useful for demonstrating the severity of the deformity than non-weight-bearing (NWB) measurements. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 12 men and 8 women (mean age, 52 years; range, 20 to 88 years) with flexible adult acquired flatfoot deformity...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917996/poor-efficacy-of-tnf-inhibitors-in-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-in-the-absence-of-objective-signs-a-bicentric-retrospective-study
#2
Céline Vidal, Cédric Lukas, Bernard Combe, Francis Berenbaum, Yves Marie Pers, Christian Jorgensen, Jérémie Sellam, Jacques Morel
OBJECTIVE: To compare BASDAI 50 response rate to TNFi in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) depending on the presence or not of objective signs of axSpA and to look for predictive factors of TNFi efficacy. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with axSpA according to ASAS criteria "clinical arm" and treated between January 2001 and September 2015 with TNFi were included. First group included patients with at least one objective sign such as arthritis, dactylitis, enthesitis, uveitis, inflammatory bowel disease, elevated C-reactive protein or radiological sacroiliitis, and second group included non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA) patients without any objective sign corresponding to patients with inflammatory back pain and either a good response to NSAID or a SpA family history...
September 13, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894079/portuguese-recommendations-for-the-use-of-biological-therapies-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-2016-update
#3
Pedro Machado, Marcos Cerqueira, Pedro Ávila-Ribeiro, Renata Aguiar, Alexandra Bernardo, Alexandre Sepriano, Ana Águeda, Ana Cordeiro, Ana Raposo, Ana M Rodrigues, Anabela Barcelos, Armando Malcata, Carina Lopes, Cláudia Vaz, Dolores Nour, Fátima Godinho, Fernando Alvarenga, Fernando Pimentel-Santos, Helena Canhão, Helena Santos, Inês Cunha, Joana Sousa Neves, João Eurico Fonseca, João Lagoas Gomes, José Tavares-Costa, Lúcia Costa, Luís Cunha-Miranda, Luís Maurício, Margarida Cruz, Maria Carmo Afonso, Maria José Santos, Miguel Bernardes, Paula Valente, Ricardo Figueira, Sofia Pimenta, Sofia Ramiro, Teresa Pedrosa, Tiago Afonso Costa, Elsa Vieira-Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To update the recommendations for the treatment of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) with biological therapies, endorsed by the Portuguese Society of Rheumatology. METHODS: These treatment recommendations were formulated by Portuguese rheumatologists based on literature evidence and consensus opinion. At a national meeting, the 7 recommendations included in this document were discussed and updated. A draft of the full text of the recommendations was then circulated and suggestions were incorporated...
June 25, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892998/role-of-multi-detector-ct-mdct-in-evaluation-of-bowel-diseases
#4
Mohamad Tufail Sheikh, Mohd Tafazul Sheikh, Masrat Jan, Hayat A Khan, Guru P Vashisht, Mohd L Wani
INTRODUCTION: Multi-Detector Computed Tomography (MDCT) has revealed excellent results in various systems of the body. Its role in abdominal imaging for solid viscera has been proved beyond doubt. It is an emerging non invasive tool for evaluation of bowel diseases. AIM: To see the efficacy of MDCT in evaluation of various bowel diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Delhi, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860446/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-asas-health-index-and-asas-environmental-factors-item-set-into-european-portuguese-language
#5
Eduardo B Cruz, Sofia Ramiro, Pedro Machado, Sandra Sousa, Renata Aguiar, Alexandre Sepriano, Santiago Rodrigues Manica, Uta Kiltz, Jaime C Branco, Fernando M Pimentel-Santos
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of outcome measures to assess the impact of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) on health, function and quality of life. The Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) group developed the ASAS Health Index (ASAS-HI) and the ASAS Environmental Factors Item Set (ASAS-EF) to measure functioning and health across all aspects of health that are typically affected and relevant for patients with axSpA, based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)...
August 31, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856518/changes-of-patient-reported-outcomes-and-protein-fingerprint-biomarkers-after-exercise-therapy-for-axial-spondyloarthritis
#6
Marketa Husakova, Anne Sofie Siebuhr, Karel Pavelka, Maja Spiritovic, Anne-Christine Bay-Jensen, Andrea Levitova
The objective of this study was to investigate the patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) derived extracellular matrix (ECM) biomarkers in non-radiographic (nr)-axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and radiographic (r)-axSpA after exercise intervention. Forty-six axSpA patients with stable disease and treatment underwent 24 weeks long exercise intervention. The clinical and laboratory assessments were performed at baseline and at follow-up. The PROs included evaluation of patient's global disease activity (PGDA), disease activity (DA7), pain (PAIN7) and fatigue during last week and quality of life questionnaires...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809637/-comparison-of-short-therm-results-of-conservative-versus-operative-treatment-of-distal-ulna-fractures-associated-with-distal-radius-fracture-treated-by-plate-osteosynthesis
#7
P Meluzinová, L Kopp, P Dráč, K Edelmann, P Obruba
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The study aims to evaluate and compare the results of conservative and operative treatment of individual types of distal ulna fractures associated with distal radius fracture treated by plate osteosynthesis and to verify the conclusions of the other authors regarding the recommended therapeutic procedures in these fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period from 08/2013 to 09/2015, a total of 81 patients participated in the prospective randomised study, with the mean follow-up period of 24 months (6-36)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751671/comparison-of-micro-ct-imaging-and-histology-for-approximal-caries-detection
#8
C Boca, B Truyen, L Henin, A G Schulte, V Stachniss, N De Clerck, J Cornelis, P Bottenberg
Histological sectioning is a generally accepted in vitro validation method for caries detection techniques. However, it requires cumbersome sample preparation and induces irreversible sample destruction. Micro-Computer Tomography (micro-CT) allows non-destructive imaging of tooth structure. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of histological sectioning and micro-CT imaging in detecting approximal carious lesions. Unlike previous studies, evaluation is objectified by comparing visual appearance of exactly corresponding anatomical regions...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698330/clinical-characteristics-of-importance-to-outcome-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-protocol-for-a-prospective-descriptive-and-exploratory-cohort-study
#9
Rikke Asmussen Andreasen, Lars Erik Kristensen, Torkell Ellingsen, Robin Christensen, Xenofon Baraliakos, Jimmi Wied, Claus Aalykke, Thomas Ulstrup, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Hans Christian Horn, Amir Emamifar, Bent Duerlund, Lars Fischer, Inger Marie Jensen Hansen
INTRODUCTION: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a heterogeneous spectrum of rheumatic diseases with either predominantly axial inflammatory symptoms of the spine and sacroiliac joints or predominantly peripheral arthritis. The two main entities of axial SpA (axSpA) are ankylosing spondylitis or non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA). Tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitors have revolutionised the treatment of patients with axSpA who failed to respond to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and physical therapy...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698171/natural-compounds-for-the-treatment-of-psoriatic-arthritis-a-proposal-based-on-multi-targeted-osteoclastic-regulation-and-on-a-preclinical-study
#10
Shiqiang Deng, Jianwen Cheng, Jinmin Zhao, Felix Yao, Jiake Xu
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis affecting approximately 2% to 3% of the population globally, and is characterized by both peripheral articular manifestations and axial skeletal involvement. Conventional therapies for PsA have not been fully satisfactory, though natural products (NPs) have been shown to be highly effective and represent important treatment options for psoriasis. PsA is a multigenic autoimmune disease with both environmental and genetic factors contributing to its pathogenesis...
July 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684556/sacroiliac-radiographic-progression-in-recent-onset-axial-spondyloarthritis-the-5-year-data-of-the-desir-cohort
#11
Maxime Dougados, Alexandre Sepriano, Anna Molto, Miranda van Lunteren, Sofia Ramiro, Manouk de Hooge, Rosaline van den Berg, Victoria Navarro Compan, Christophe Demattei, Robert Landewé, Désirée van der Heijde
OBJECTIVE: To estimate sacroiliac joint radiographic (X-SIJ) progression in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and to evaluate the effects of inflammation on MRI (MRI-SIJ) on X-SIJ progression. METHODS: X-SIJ and MRI-SIJ at baseline and after 2 and 5 years in patients with recent onset axSpA from the DESIR cohort were scored by three central readers. Progression was defined as (1) the shift from non-radiographic (nr) to radiographic (r) sacroiliitis (by modified New York (mNY) criteria) or alternative criteria, (2) a change of at least one grade or (3) a change of at least one grade but ignoring a change from grade 0 to 1...
July 6, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682112/etanercept-for-treating-axial-spondyloarthritis
#12
Xavier Guillot, Clément Prati, Maxime Sondag, Daniel Wendling
Axial spondyloarthritis is an inflammatory rheumatic disease causing back pain, functional impairment and potential ankylosis in the advanced stage. In this context, TNF blockers have been a major therapeutic advance. Etanercept is a soluble recombinant TNF receptor fusion protein in this vain. Areas covered: The aim of this review is to summarize the current published data concerning the efficacy and tolerance of etanercept in axial spondyloarthrits. The authors performed a systematic review on PubMed, using 'etanercept' and 'spondyloarthritis', 'axial spondyloarthritis' or 'ankylosing spondylitis' keywords...
September 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658039/radiographic-analysis-of-psoas-morphology-and-its-association-with-neurovascular-structures-at-l4-5-with-reference-to-lateral-approaches
#13
Philip K Louie, Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Alem Yacob, Kelly H Yom, Frank M Phillips, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective imaging review. OBJECTIVE: Utilize magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to expand the anatomical description of psoas morphology and its association with neurovascular structures at L4-5. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Anatomical psoas muscle variants may present a greater risk of neurovascular injury at the L4-5 level during lateral transpsoas approaches. METHODS: Axial L4-5 sections of consecutive patients who obtained lumbar MRIs were analyzed...
June 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658033/laminoplasty-does-not-lead-to-worsening-axial-neck-pain-in-the-properly-selected-patient-with-cervical-myelopathy-a-comparison-with-laminectomy-and-fusion
#14
Byron F Stephens, John M Rhee, Thomas Neustein, Rafael Arceo
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To determine if laminoplasty (LP) is associated with worsening axial neck pain in patients with multilevel cervical myelopathy, and to compare neck pain, clinical outcomes, and radiographic measures in a group undergoing laminectomy and fusion (LF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative new or worsening axial neck pain is commonly cited as a major disadvantage of laminoplasty...
June 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631696/-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-two-stages-of-disease
#15
D G Rumyantseva, T V Dubinina, A B Demina, O A Rumyantseva, E M Agafonova, A V Smirnov, Sh F Erdes
AIM: To compare the clinical manifestations of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nrAxSpA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A Moscow early spondyloarthritis cohort has now included 132 patients with axial spondyloarthritis, of whom 69 patients who have been followed up at least 12 months are to be involved in a preliminary analysis. The mean age at the time of inclusion in the study was 28.1±5.5 years; the mean disease duration was 24...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623950/work-outcome-in-yet-undiagnosed-patients-with-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-among-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
Lonneke van Hoeven, Annelies E R C H Boonen, Johanna M W Hazes, Angelique E A M Weel
BACKGROUND: To understand the impact of yet undiagnosed non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) on work outcomes in a cohort of patients with long-lasting chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Data were used from a primary care CLBP cohort that was established to understand the prevalence of nr-axSpA and AS. Clinical characteristics comprised measures of back pain (visual analogue scale), inflammation (C-reactive protein) and physical functioning (Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ))...
June 17, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612180/immunogenicity-of-biologics-in-chronic-inflammatory-diseases-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Vibeke Strand, Alejandro Balsa, Jamal Al-Saleh, Leonor Barile-Fabris, Takahiko Horiuchi, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Sadiq Lula, Charles Hawes, Blerina Kola, Lisa Marshall
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was conducted to explore the immunogenicity of biologic agents across inflammatory diseases and its potential impact on efficacy/safety. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted through November 2016 to identify controlled and observational studies of biologics/biosimilars administered for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA), psoriasis (Ps), Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis...
June 13, 2017: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599407/application-of-three-dimensional-wire-localization-and-orientation-in-the-resection-of-non-palpable-breast-lesions
#18
Dechun Li, Jingjing Xu, Jie Zhang, Dandan Xia, Guoqing Shao
The aim of the present study was to compare the application value of the 3D stereo wire localization technique guided by a full digital breast X-ray machine, and general location technique in the resection of breast non-palpable lesions. A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 80 patients with abnormal findings for non-palpable breast molybdenum target X-ray was conducted between June, 2011 and July, 2014. The patients were divided into two groups: 40 cases with a general location of lesions identified by perturbation axial + standard lateral radiograph to guide the clinical operation biopsy (group A); and 40 cases with a general location of lesions identified by the 3D stereo wire localization method to guide the clinical operation biopsy (group B)...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587658/mri-evidence-of-structural-changes-in-the-sacroiliac-joints-of-patients-with-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-even-in-the-absence-of-mri-inflammation
#19
Walter P Maksymowych, Stephanie Wichuk, Maxime Dougados, Heather Jones, Annette Szumski, Jack F Bukowski, Lisa Marshall, Robert G Lambert
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that structural lesions may be present in patients with non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA). However, the relevance of structural lesions in these patients is unclear, particularly without signs of inflammation on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We assessed the presence of structural lesions at baseline on MRI in the sacroiliac joints (SIJ) of patients with nr-axSpA with and without SIJ inflammation on MRI. METHODS: Bone marrow edema (BME) was assessed on short tau inversion recovery (STIR) scans from 185 patients with nr-axSpA, by two independent readers at baseline using the Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC) score...
June 6, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530020/golimumab-a-review-in-inflammatory-arthritis
#20
James E Frampton
Golimumab (Simponi(®)), a fully human monoclonal antibody against tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), is given once monthly by subcutaneous injection. In the EU, golimumab is approved as monotherapy and/or in combination with methotrexate for the treatment of inflammatory arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis [comprising ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA)] in adults, and polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (pJIA) in children...
June 2017: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
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