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Diabetic management program

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918307/an-application-of-bandura-s-four-sources-of-self-efficacy-to-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-an-inductive-and-deductive-thematic-analysis
#1
Andrew Maine, Adele Dickson, Maria Truesdale, Michael Brown
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the successful experiences and positive perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) self-managing Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). This study sought to address this gap using Bandura's (1977) 'Four Sources of Self-Efficacy' as a framework of enquiry. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 adults with ID. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive and deductive thematic analysis RESULTS: Nine sub-themes were identified following analysis of the data: 1) Mastery through knowledge; 2) Mastery through tools and strategies; 3) Mastery through autonomy; 4) Influence of social setting; 5) Positive social comparisons; 6) Positive and negative self-statements; 7) Feedback from caregivers; 8) Adjustment experiences; 9) Symptom awareness...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915897/development-of-a-complex-intervention-to-promote-appropriate-prescribing-and-medication-intensification-in-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-irish-general-practice
#2
Mark E Murphy, Molly Byrne, Atieh Zarabzadeh, Derek Corrigan, Tom Fahey, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can be seen as failure to meet recommended targets for management of key risk factors including glycaemic control, blood pressure and lipids. Poor control of risk factors is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. Failure to intensify medications for patients with poor control of T2DM when indicated is called clinical inertia and is one contributory factor to poor control of T2DM. We aimed to develop a theory and evidence-based complex intervention to improve appropriate prescribing and medication intensification in poorly controlled T2DM in Irish general practice...
September 16, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915520/-effect-of-the-disease-management-program-on-hba1c-value-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-retrospective-comparison-between-disease-management-programs-and-standard-care
#3
Stefan Wiefarn, Karel Kostev, Christian Heumann, Anja Rettelbach
Background This retrospective study aims to measure the effect of the disease management program (DMP) for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients on HbA1c value within Germany. Methods This study is based on patient data from the Disease Analyzer panel (IMS Health). An adequate control group was created using 2:1 propensity score matching. After matching, the analysis included 14 759 patients. Of these, 5875 participated in a DMP while 8884 received standard care. The DMP effect was estimated on the basis of the matched data, using an unpaired t-test...
September 15, 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914196/ethnic-disparity-and-increased-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-among-south-asians-aetiology-and-future-implications-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#4
Venugopal Vijayakumar, Ramesh Mavathur, Manjunath Nk Sharma
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is turning out to be a global health crisis. Current available literature clearly indicates an increased risk of type 2 diabetes amongst South Asian population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this narrative review is to explore the non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors of T2DM in South Asian population, including their beliefs, attitudes, socio economic and cultural barriers and also to explore the possible implications in designing culture specific diabetes prevention and management programs...
September 15, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912054/effectiveness-of-pharmacist-interventions-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-ckd-a-subgroup-analysis-of-the-randomized-controlled-rxeach-trial
#5
Yazid N Al Hamarneh, Ross T Tsuyuki, Charlotte A Jones, Braden Manns, Marcello Tonelli, Nairne Scott-Douglass, Kailash Jindal, Wendy Tink, Brenda R Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: Affecting a substantial proportion of adults, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is considered a major risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) events. It has been reported that patients with CKD are underserved when it comes to CV risk reduction efforts. STUDY DESIGN: Prespecified subgroup analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adults with CKD and at least 1 uncontrolled CV risk factor were enrolled from 56 pharmacies across Alberta, Canada...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902701/diabetes-self-management-education-training-for-community-health-center-nurses-in-indonesia-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#6
Sugiharto Sugiharto, Matthew Stephenson, Yu-Yun Hsu, Nuniek Nizmah Fajriyah
BACKGROUND: Diabetes complications can increase progressively, leading to morbidity and mortality among diabetes sufferers. To address this, diabetes self-management education is a strategy to increase patients' knowledge and awareness in self-care. However some issues related to diabetes self-management education have emerged for health care providers and patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this project was to improve nurses' skills and confidence in delivering diabetes self-management education among type 2 diabetes patients by promoting evidence based practice in community health centers, thereby enhancing patients' knowledge and skills in performing self-care...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901703/development-of-a-structured-diabetes-self-management-education-program-specific-to-the-cultural-and-ethnic-population-of-new-zealand
#7
Eirean Gamble, Amber Parry-Strong, Kirsten J Coppell, Lynn McBain, Lorna J Bingham, Liz Dutton, Sera Tapu-Ta'ala, Robert B W Smith, Joe Howells, Howard Metekingi, Jeremy D Krebs
AIM: To develop and pilot a diabetes self-management education (DSME) program specific to the needs of New Zealanders with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: There were two parts in the present study. The first was the development of the program. This involved a literature review, consultation with end-user groups and drafting the content of the program. In the second part, the program was tested and modified according to feedback provided by both participants and facilitators...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894787/prevalence-of-anemia-overweight-obesity-and-undiagnosed-hypertension-and-diabetes-among-residents-of-selected-communities-in-ghana
#8
Alex Kojo Anderson
The increasing numbers of lifestyle related chronic diseases in developing countries call for awareness, early detection, and effective management. The objective of this paper is to report the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension, diabetes, overweight/obesity, and anemia among residents of selected communities in Ghana. The data comes from a community screening conducted in Ghana as part of the University of Georgia Summer Service Learning Program. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data while chi-square and independent t-test compared groups...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894073/-structural-equation-modeling-on-self-care-behavior-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-using-citizen-health-promotion-centers
#9
Songheun Lee, Hyunli Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to construct and test a structural equation model for Diabetes self-management (DSM) behavior and Quality of life (QoL) in older adults with diabetes who use Citizen Health Promotion Centers. The theory used this study was a combination of the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Model (IMB) and Self-Determination Theory (SDT) to reflect autonomous characteristics of participants. METHODS: Data were collected from April 20 to August 31, 2015 using a self-report questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890899/overcoming-the-challenges-in-implementing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-prevention-programs-can-decrease-the-burden-on-healthcare-costs-in-the-united-states
#10
REVIEW
Kritika Subramanian, Inuka Midha, Vijaya Chellapilla
Theoretically, identifying prediabetics would reduce the diabetic burden on the American healthcare system. As we expect the prevalence rate of prediabetes to continue increasing, we wonder if there is a better way of managing prediabetics and reducing the economic cost on the healthcare system. To do so, understanding the demographics and behavioral factors of known prediabetics was important. For this purpose, responses of prediabetic/borderline diabetes patients from the most recent publicly available 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey were analyzed...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888482/exercise-training-and-cardiac-autonomic-function-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Pooja Bhati, Shweta Shenoy, M Ejaz Hussain
Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a common complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It has been found to independently predict all cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. It remains unclear whether exercise training could improve autonomic control in T2DM patients. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the effects of exercise training on cardiac autonomic function in T2DM patients. Electronic databases (MEDLINE, CENTRAL, PEDro, Scopus and Web of science) were systematically searched to retrieve relevant evidence...
September 6, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878936/primary-care-physicians-utilization-of-type-2-diabetes-screening-guidelines-and-referrals-to-behavioral-interventions-a-survey-linked-retrospective-study
#12
Sandhya Mehta, Michelle Mocarski, Tami Wisniewski, Karin Gillespie, K M Venkat Narayan, Kathleen Lang
OBJECTIVE: To assess primary care physicians' (PCPs) knowledge of type 2 diabetes screening guidelines (American Diabetes Association (ADA) and 2008 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)), the alignment between their self-reported adherence and actual practice, and how often PCPs recommended diabetes prevention and self-management education programs (DPP/DSME). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: An online survey of PCPs to understand knowledge and adherence toward use of USPSTF/ADA guidelines and recommendation of DPP/DSME...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878441/development-and-validation-of-an-educational-program-to-enhance-sense-of-coherence-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#13
Yuki Odajima, Mariko Kawaharada, Norio Wada
This study aimed to develop a group education program that facilitates a sense of coherence among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, which was provided four times, and to validate the effect of the program among the patients. Researchers allocated 40 patients with type 2 diabetes, who had been admitted to a general hospital in Japan for diabetes education for two weeks. Twenty-one patients were allocated to the intervention group and 19 to the control group. The control group undertook a lecture-based educational program that the facility offered...
August 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860800/effectiveness-of-a-diabetes-mellitus-pictorial-diary-handbook-program-for-middle-aged-and-elderly-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-quasi-experimental-study-at-taladnoi-primary-care-unit-saraburi-thailand
#14
Rapat Eknithiset, Ratana Somrongthong
AIM: The research question is "How does a diabetes mellitus (DM) pictorial diary handbook (PDHB) affect the knowledge, practice, and HbA1c among patients with DM type 2?" The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a PDHB program among middle-aged and elderly patients with DM type 2 in primary care units in Thailand. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental study design was applied. DM type 2 patients were recruited in the PDHB program by a simple random sampling method...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860546/telemonitoring-in-fasting-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-during-ramadan-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-study
#15
Jun Yang Lee, Chee Piau Wong, Christina San San Tan, Nazrila Hairizan Nasir, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
We determined the impact of a remote blood glucose telemonitoring program with feedback in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients fasting during Ramadan compared to conventional self-monitoring method. A twelve-week cluster randomised study, with 85 participants who wish to fast for at least 15 days during Ramadan was conducted. Self-measurement and transmission of blood glucose results were performed six times daily during Ramadan. Results were transmitted to a secure website for review with feedback from case manager if necessary...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858080/comparative-assessment-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-acarbose-and-metformin-combined-with-premixed-insulin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Honghua Wu, Jie Liu, Qingqing Lou, Jing Liu, Li Shen, Mingxia Zhang, Xiaofeng Lv, Mingjun Gu, Xiaohui Guo
This study, a subgroup analysis of the data from the Organization Program of DiabEtes INsulIN ManaGement study, aimed to compare the efficacy and safety profiles of acarbose and metformin used in combination with premixed insulin.This analysis included 80 and 192 patients taking only 1 oral antidiabetic drug, classified into acarbose (treated with acarbose + insulin) and metformin groups (treated with metformin + insulin), respectively. The efficacy and safety data were analyzed for within- and between-group differences...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855062/when-knowing-is-not-enough-emotional-distress-and-depression-reduce-the-positive-effects-of-health-literacy-on-diabetes-self-management
#17
Louise Schinckus, Florence Dangoisse, Stephan Van den Broucke, Moïra Mikolajczak
OBJECTIVES: Adequate self-management activities are important predictors of diabetes outcomes. As diabetes literacy and self-efficacy are strong predictors of diabetes self-care, self-management education programs focus essentially on these factors. This study investigated whether emotional distress or depression moderates the relation between health literacy, self-efficacy and diabetes self-care behaviors. METHODS: 128 people with type 2 diabetes were recruited in hospitals, through general practitioners and via a diabetes website, and completed a questionnaire assessing health literacy, self-efficacy, diabetes-related distress, depression and self-care behaviors...
August 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854072/acclimating-to-the-increase-in-statin-use-in-accountable-care-organizations-based-on-changes-in-quality-measures-a-report-from-the-accountable-care-organization-research-network-services-and-education
#18
Leah Bensimon, Genevieve Hale
The Accountable Care Organization Research Network, Services, and Education (ACORN SEED), founded by faculty members at Nova Southeastern University College of Pharmacy, is a group of pharmacists that provides unique pharmacy services to accountable care organizations (ACOs), patient-centered medical homes, and management services organizations to help maximize shared savings and target medication-related issues, while promoting the pharmacy profession and unique learning experiences for pharmacy students within these settings...
September 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852651/the-effect-of-adherence-to-dietary-tracking-on-weight-loss-using-hlm-to-model-weight-loss-over-time
#19
John Spencer Ingels, Ranjita Misra, Jonathan Stewart, Brandon Lucke-Wold, Samantha Shawley-Brzoska
The role of dietary tracking on weight loss remains unexplored despite being part of multiple diabetes and weight management programs. Hence, participants of the Diabetes Prevention and Management (DPM) program (12 months, 22 sessions) tracked their food intake for the duration of the study. A scatterplot of days tracked versus total weight loss revealed a nonlinear relationship. Hence, the number of possible tracking days was divided to create the 3 groups of participants: rare trackers (<33% total days tracked), inconsistent trackers (33-66% total days tracked), and consistent trackers (>66% total days tracked)...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844989/acute-myocardial-infarction-changes-in-patient-characteristics-management-and-6-month-outcomes-over-a-period-of-20-years-in-the-fast-mi-program-french-registry-of-acute-st-elevation-or-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-1995-to-2015
#20
Etienne Puymirat, Tabassome Simon, Guillaume Cayla, Yves Cottin, Meyer Elbaz, Pierre Coste, Gilles Lemesle, Pascal Motreff, Batric Popovic, Khalife Khalife, Jean Noel Labeque, Thibault Perret, Christophe Le Ray, Laurent Orion, Bernard Jouve, Didier Blanchard, Patrick Peycher, Johanne Silvain, P Gabriel Steg, Patrick Goldstein, Pascal J Gueret, Loic Belle, Nadia Aissaoui, Jean Ferrières, Francois Schiele, Nicolas Danchin
Background -ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) management has evolved considerably over the past 2 decades. Little information on mortality trends in the most recent years is available. We assessed trends in characteristics, treatments, and outcomes for acute myocardial infarction in France between 1995 and 2015. Methods - We used data from 5 one-month registries, conducted 5 years apart, from 1995 to 2015, including 14 423 patients with acute myocardial infarction (59% STEMI) admitted to cardiac intensive care units in metropolitan France...
August 27, 2017: Circulation
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