keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

challenging cases of anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155706/comprehensive-endovascular-and-open-surgical-management-of-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformations
#1
Robert C Rennert, Jeffrey A Steinberg, Vincent J Cheung, David R Santiago-Dieppa, Jeffrey Scott Pannell, Alexander A Khalessi
Arteriovenious malformations (AVMs) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and have a rupture risk of ~3% per year. Treatment of AVMs must be tailored specifically to the lesion, with surgical resection being the gold standard for small, accessible lesions. Pre-operative embolization of AVMs can reduce nidal blood flow and remove high-risk AVM features such as intranidal or venous aneurysms, thereby simplifying a challenging neurosurgical procedure. Herein, we describe our approach for the staged endovascular embolization and open resection of AVMs, and highlight the advantages of having a comprehensively trained neurovascular surgeon leading a multi-disciplinary clinical team...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148179/clinical-implications-of-de-barsy-syndrome
#2
Lindsay L Warner, David A Olsen, Hugh M Smith
BACKGROUND: De Barsy syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by cutis laxa, progeroid appearance, ophthalmic opacification, skeletal malformations, growth delays, and intellectual disability. AIMS: The aim of this case series is to identify the anesthetic considerations in the clinical management of patients with de Barsy syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective case review from 1968 to 2016 was performed at a single tertiary medical center to identify patients with de Barsy syndrome who underwent anesthesia for diagnostic and surgical procedures...
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148123/donohue-syndrome-a-review-of-literature-case-series-and-anesthetic-considerations
#3
REVIEW
Alana Kirkwood, Grant Stuart, Louise Harding
BACKGROUND: Donohue syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of insulin resistance, causing a functional defect in insulin receptor function, and affecting the ability of the insulin to bind the receptor. Features include severe hyperinsulinism and fasting hypoglycemia, along with severe failure to thrive despite feeding. An accelerated fasting state results in muscle wasting, decreased subcutaneous fat, and an excess of thick skin. A reduced thoracic diameter is accentuated by increased abdominal distension, which impacts on respiratory reserve...
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141380/-the-analysis-of-anesthetic-management-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-associated-inferior-vena-cava-tumor-thrombus
#4
H Zeng, X Y Rong, Y Wang, X Y Guo
Objective: To explore the key points of anesthetic management for renal cell carcinoma combined with inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus. Methods: Twenty-seven cases of renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus underwent radical nephrectomy and inferior caval venous thrombectomy were reviewed retrospectively during January 2014 to January 2017 in our hospital.Analyzed data includs demographics, classification of tumor, perioperative anesthetic management and monitoring approaches, IVC clamping time , vital signs during cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB), estimated blood loss (EBL), usage of blood products, hospitalization time and ICU time , as well as postoperative outcomes...
November 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132808/bilateral-vocal-fold-medialization-a-treatment-for-abductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#5
Karuna Dewan, Gerald S Berke
INTRODUCTION: Abductor spasmodic dysphonia, a difficult-to-treat laryngologic condition, is characterized by spasms causing the vocal folds to remain abducted despite efforts to adduct them during phonation. Traditional treatment for abductor spasmodic dysphonia-botulinum toxin injection into the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle-can be both technically challenging and uncomfortable. Due to the difficulty of needle placement, it is often unsuccessful. The purpose of this investigation is to present a previously undescribed treatment for abductor spasmodic dysphonia-bilateral vocal fold medialization...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119207/anesthesia-in-a%C3%A2-child-with-suspected-peroxisomal-disorder
#6
J S Englbrecht, M Maas
We present the case of an 8‑year-old female child with suspected peroxisomal disorder requiring general anesthesia for adenotomy, paracentesis and brainstem-evoked response audiometry. Peroxisomes are small intracellular organelles that catalyse key metabolic reactions. Peroxisomal disorders are a heterogeneous group of rare genetic diseases. Anesthesia can be challenging as adrenal insufficiency, mental retardation, muscle weakness, risk of pulmonary aspiration, airway complications, seizure disorders and altered pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics can occur in these patients but guidelines for anesthesia do not exist due to the heterogeneity and rarity of these diseases and case reports are rare...
November 8, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116968/antiemetic-prophylaxis-as-a-marker-of-health-care-disparities-in-the-national-anesthesia-clinical-outcomes-registry
#7
Michael H Andreae, Jonah S Gabry, Ben Goodrich, Robert S White, Charles Hall
BACKGROUND: US health care disparities persist despite repeated countermeasures. Research identified race, ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status as factors, mediated through individual provider and/or systemic biases; little research exists in anesthesiology. We investigated antiemetic prophylaxis as a surrogate marker for anesthesia quality by individual providers because antiemetics are universally available, indicated contingent on patient characteristics (gender, age, etc), but independent of comorbidities and not yet impacted by regulatory or financial constraints...
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114334/anesthesia-and-analgesia-in-the-patient-with-an-unstable-shoulder
#8
Ismael Acevedo Bambaren, Fernando Dominguez, Maria Elena Elias Martin, Silvia Domínguez
Introduction: The patient with an unstable shoulder represents a challenge for the anesthesiologist. Most patients will be young individuals in good health but both shoulder dislocation reduction, a procedure that is usually performed under specific analgesia in an urgent setting, and instability surgery anesthesia and postoperative management present certain peculiarities. Material and Methods: For the purpose of the article, 78 references including clinical trials and reviews were included...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110704/endobronchial-one-way-valves-for-treatment-of-persistent-air-leaks-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Mei Ding, Ya-Dong Gao, Xian-Tao Zeng, Yi Guo, Jiong Yang
Persistent air leak (PAL) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, prolonged hospitalization and increased health-care costs. It can arise from a number of conditions, including pneumothorax, necrotizing infection, trauma, malignancies, procedural interventions and complications after thoracic surgery. Numerous therapeutic options, including noninvasive and invasive techniques, are available to treat PALs. Recently, endobronchial one-way valves have been used to treat PAL. We conducted a systematic review based on studies retrieved from PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane library...
November 6, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109835/anterior-submandibular-approach-for-transmylohyoid-endotracheal-intubation-a-reappraisal-with-prospective-study-in-206-cases-of-craniomaxillofacial-fractures
#10
Nitin Bhola, Anendd Jadhav, Atul Kala, Rahul Deshmukh, Umesh Bhutekar, G S V Prasad
Despite a paradigm shift in anesthesia and trauma airway management, the craniomaxillofacial fracture (CMF) patients continue to pose a challenge. A prospective study was planned between April 2007 and March 2015 to investigate the safety, efficacy, utility, and complications of anterior submandibular approach for transmylohyoid intubation (TMI) in CMFs using an armored endotracheal tube (ETT). Out of 1,207 maxillofacial trauma cases reported, this study recruited 206 patients (152 males and 54 females) aged between 21 and 60 years...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109646/ludwig-s-angina-in-children-anesthesiologist-s-nightmare-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#11
Maitree Pandey, Manpreet Kaur, Manoj Sanwal, Aruna Jain, Sunil K Sinha
Ludwig's angina is potentially lethal, rapidly spreading cellulitis of the floor of mouth and neck. The anticipated difficult airway becomes even more challenging when it occurs in children. In children, the larynx is positioned relatively higher in the neck, and one does not have the option for blind nasal intubation or awake fiberoptic, which otherwise is the technique of choice in adult patients. We present the clinical course of 16 children and highlight various problems encountered during the anesthetic management of six children who required emergency surgical drainage under general anesthesia...
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101958/interventional-pulmonology
#12
REVIEW
David M DiBardino, Andrew R Haas, Richard C Month
Bronchoscopy presents a unique challenge and need for collaboration between anesthesia providers and bronchoscopists. The approach to topical anesthesia, analgesia, and sedation must be customized based on complexity, duration, and setting. The bronchoscopy team must work together in each phase of the procedure to ensure patient safety and allow completion of a quality bronchoscopy. Airway access may change depending on the type of procedure planned and must be discussed before each case. Intraprocedural difficulties with ventilation, airway pressure, and sedation may arise that must be addressed together...
December 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095302/spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematomas-one-case-report-and-rehabilitation-outcome
#13
Hang Xian, Li-Wei Xu, Cong-Han Li, Jian-Ming Hao, Wei-Xia Wan, Guo-Dong Feng, Ke-Jian Lian, Lin Li
RATIONALE: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a relatively rare but potentially disabling disease, and the classical presentation of it includes an acute onset of severe, sometimes radiating back or neck pain, followed by signs and symptoms of rapidly evolving nerve root or spinal cord compression. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 26-year-old female patient presented with weakness in bilateral lower extremities, progressing to intense paraplegia and anesthesia without recent medical history of trauma, infection, surgery, or drug use...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094023/absence-of-esophageal-eosinophilia-in-a-toddler-with-severe-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#14
Wenyin Loh, Karen Michelle Wright, Fang Kuan Chiou
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a clinicopathologic disease characterised by esophageal dysfunction and eosinophil-predominant inflammation. Diagnosing EoE in children is particularly challenging as they tend to present with nonspecific symptoms and their mucosal specimens may have less than the threshold number of eosinophils. Reluctance to subject children to multiple endoscopic procedures and anesthesia often results in treatment with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) first to evaluate clinical response. This approach presents a problem as a diagnosis of EoE may be missed...
October 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083250/exploring-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-the-anesthesia-assistant-role-and-its-impact-on-patients-and-interprofessional-collaboration
#15
Phoebe Lam, Ana Lopez Filici, Claire Middleton, Patricia McGillicuddy
To practice interprofessional collaboration (IPC), understanding the roles of each profession in the team is key. Anesthesia assistants (AAs) are a relatively new addition to the Canadian healthcare system. As a result, its role in the delivery of anesthesia care can be misunderstood by other healthcare professionals. Using an exploratory multiple case study design, this article explores healthcare professionals' perceptions of the AA role and its impact on patients and IPC. Sixteen semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of nine healthcare professions from inside and outside the peri-operative care unit in two urban, acute care, university-affiliated teaching research hospitals in Ontario...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082228/a-pregnant-woman-with-spina-bifida-need-for-a-multidisciplinary-labor-plan
#16
Mary Angela O'Neal
Women with spina bifida present both obstetrical and anesthesia challenges. They are more likely to require a caesarian delivery and traditionally neuraxial anesthesia has been avoided due to concerns of worsening neurologic disability. The case of a pregnant woman with a history of a surgically corrected lipomeningocele and tethered cord is presented to illustrate the need for a comprehensive labor plan.
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077256/screening-with-whole-body-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-pediatric-subjects-with-li-fraumeni-syndrome-a-single-institution-pilot-study
#17
Allison F O'Neill, Stephan D Voss, Jyothi P Jagannathan, Junne Kamihara, Callie Nibecker, Elena Itriago-Araujo, Serena Masciari, Erin Parker, Mauricio Barreto, Wendy B London, Judy E Garber, Lisa Diller
BACKGROUND: Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an autosomal dominant hereditary cancer syndrome associated with germline mutations in the TP53 gene and a high risk of childhood-onset malignancies. Cancer surveillance is challenging in pediatric mutation carriers given the anatomic spectrum of malignancies and young age of onset. Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) may provide an acceptable method for early cancer detection. PROCEDURE: We conducted a prospective feasibility pilot study of pediatric subjects (age < 18 years) with LFS to determine return rates for annual WB-MRI scan...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067510/ct-guided-percutaneous-sclerotherapy-for-low-flow-retrobulbar-intraconal-venous-malformations
#18
Biao Yang, Jian Zhao, Ling Gao, Chun-Lin Li, Xing-Rong Liu, He Jiao, Zheng-Yin Liao, Cheng Yi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Until now, no study has focused exclusively on low-flow retrobulbar intraconal venous malformations (RIVMs) which may require treatment due to cosmetic defect, pain, and visual dysfunction. The treatment for RIVMs which surround the optic nerve remains challenging. This case series aimed to evaluate the technical feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of percutaneous sclerotherapy with polidocanol for low-flow RIVMs, using local anesthesia. METHOD: This is a prospective, non-comparative, single-center, interventional case series...
October 24, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038830/a-distance-blended-learning-program-to-upgrade-the-clinical-competence-of-district-non-doctor-anesthesia-providers-in-nepal
#19
Shristi Shah, Stephen Knoble, Oliver Ross, Stephen Pickering
BACKGROUND: Across Nepal, anesthesia at a district level is provided mostly by non-doctor anesthesia providers (anesthesia assistants-AAs). Nepal's Government recognized the need to sustain competence with continuous professional development and to upgrade 6-month trained working AAs to professional equivalence with the new national standard of 12-month training. As they are essential district health workers and AA clinical training sites are full, an innovative distance blended learning, competency-based, upgrade 1-year course was developed and conducted in 2014-2017 for two batches...
December 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033731/ultrasound-guided-continuous-spinal-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-in-a-parturient-with-scoliosis-corrected-with-harrington-s-rod-surgery
#20
Amer Majeed, Iftikhar Ahmed, Ghadah Jamaan Alkahtani, Nasser Abdullah Altahtam
With rapid improvement in healthcare in Saudi Arabia, increasing number of women with surgically corrected kyphoscoliosis are likely to present for cesarean section (CS) or vaginal delivery requiring anesthesia or analgesia. Despite the surgical correction, these patients have poor cardiopulmonary reserves which increase the risks associated with general anesthesia. Whereas altered vertebral anatomy from previous surgery and the presence of metal work in spine make performing of regional anesthesia (RA) difficult and unpredictable, we report anesthetic management of such a patient who underwent CS using continuous spinal anesthesia technique...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
keyword
keyword
85540
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"