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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647461/toric-intraocular-lenses-versus-peripheral-corneal-relaxing-incisions-for-astigmatism-between-0-75-2-5-dioptres-during-cataract-surgery
#1
Mayank A Nanavaty, Kaveeta K Bedi, Shahnaz Ali, Mathew Holmes, Saul Rajak
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes following toric intraocular lens (tIOL) or peripheral corneal relaxing incisions (PCRI) for keratometric astigmatism (KA) between 0.75-2.5D during cataract surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. METHODS: 80 eyes (80 participants) received either tIOL or PCRI and were assessed preoperatively, 1,3,6 and 12 months postoperatively. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Un-corrected (UCDVA) and best-corrected distance LogMAR visual acuity (BCDVA) at 12 months...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646864/femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-after-penetrating-keratoplasty-a-case-report
#2
Danmin Cao, Shiming Wang, Yong Wang
BACKGROUND: Cataract surgery after penetratingkeratoplasty (PKP) is often challenging due to changes in the integrity of the cornea caused by PKP. For example, corneal endothelial cell (CEC) loss and corneal edema commonly occur after traditional phacoemulsification cataract surgery in patients that previously had successful PKP. Recent studies have reported that femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) significantly reduces the need for ultrasound energy minimizing mechanical damage to the cornea and results in a reduction of CEC loss and corneal edema...
June 24, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646264/magnitude-and-temporal-trends-in-avoidable-blindness-in-children-abc-in-india
#3
Venkata S Murthy Gudlavalleti
The World Health Organization estimates that 19 million children are visually impaired, among whom, 1.4 million are blind. Childhood blindness is an excellent indicator of the state of child health and primary care services in a country. Childhood blindness is important not just due to the number of children blind but also because the number of years that the surviving child has to live with blindness (blind years lived). Childhood blindness is next only to adult cataract in terms of the number of blind person years lived...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645328/ocular-manifestations-as-first-signs-of-systemic-t-cell-lymphoma-in-two-cases
#4
Xiao Zhang, Xin-Shu Liu, Chan Zhao, Ya-Min Lai, Mei-Fen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Intraocular involvement of systemic T-cell lymphomas are uncommon and have been broadly regarded as markers of poor prognosis. We reported two cases of uveitis patients finally diagnosed as systemic T cell lymphoma. CASE PRESENTATION: Case one is a 19-year-old female presented with fever and liver dysfunction, and was diagnosed as EBV-associated chronic active hepatitis. Fourteen months later, she suffered from recurrent granulomatous anterior uveitis in both eyes, which failed to respond to steroid and immunosuppressant therapy...
June 23, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644238/prevention-and-management-of-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-complications
#5
Ruth Quilendrino, Marina Rodriguez-Calvo de Mora, Lamis Baydoun, Lisanne Ham, Korine van Dijk, Isabel Dapena, Silke Oellerich, Gerrit R J Melles
PURPOSE: To describe Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) complications and strategies for their prevention and management. METHODS: Five hundred consecutive eyes with DMEK of 393 patients were reviewed in this retrospective study for intraoperative and postoperative complications up to 2 years and for corresponding management. RESULTS: Intraoperative challenges (difficult graft unfolding/positioning, high vitreous pressure, iris root hemorrhage, and Descemet membrane remnants) were encountered in 81 eyes (16...
June 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644136/chemotherapy-alone-is-an-alternative-treatment-in-treating-localized-primary-ocular-adnexal-lymphomas
#6
Wei-Li Ma, Ming Yao, Shu-Lang Liao, Jih-Luh Tang, Yao-Ching Wang, Sung-Hsin Kuo, Ann-Lii Cheng
This study investigated the treatment efficacy and long-term adverse effects of various treatment modalities for primary ocular adnexal lymphomas (POALs). We retrospectively reviewed 107 patients who received first-line chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and other treatment modalities from 1990 to 2015. Nighty-three (87%) patients were diagnosed with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, with the orbit being the most common site (49 patients, 46%). Among 91 patients with stage I-IIE1 disease, 26 underwent chemotherapy, 34 underwent radiotherapy, and 31 received other treatment modalities...
June 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643796/benchmarking-cataract-surgery-outcomes-in-an-ethnically-diverse-and-diabetic-population-final-post-operative-visual-acuity-and-rates-of-post-operative-cystoid-macular-oedema
#7
K Oyewole, F Tsogkas, M Westcott, S Patra
PurposeTo determine visual acuity and rates of post-operative cystoid macular oedema (CMO) in an ethnically diverse and predominantly diabetic population.MethodsThe study was undertaken over a one year period. Snellen visual acuity (VA) was measured pre and 4-8 weeks post-operatively and optical coherence topography (OCT) was performed at baseline and post-operatively. No eyes received prophylactic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) prior to or after surgery.ResultsOut of 262 eyes, 59% were in the Black, Asian and minority ethnic group (BAME), 57% had a history of diabetes mellitus and 34% had pre-existing diabetic retinopathy...
June 23, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643721/surgical-treatment-of-metarhizium-anisopliae-sclerokeratitis-and-endophthalmitis
#8
Dan Derhy, Arnaud Sauer, Marcela Sabou, Jonathan Letsch, Ermanno Candolfi, Valérie Letscher-Bru, Tristan Bourcier
A 55-year-old nurse was referred with a 5-month history of right eye corneal abscess. The initial injury occurred when doing lawn work. The infection worsened despite multiple antibiotic, antiviral, and steroid treatments. Visual acuity was limited to hand motion. On examination, there was keratitis, ocular hypertension, and a secondary cataract. Corneal scrapings grew a filamentous fungus, identified as Metarhizium anisopliae (MA). Despite intensive antifungal treatment with topical, intravitreous, and systemic voriconazole, purulent corneal melting and scleritis with endophthalmitis rapidly appeared...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643710/postoperative-posterior-capsular-striae-and-the-posterior-capsular-opacification-in-patients-implanted-with-two-types-of-intraocular-lens-material
#9
Rajesh Subhash Joshi
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of postoperative posterior capsular striae (PCS) and its influence on posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in patients implanted with two types of lens material. SETTING: Tertiary eye care center in central rural India. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, observational, nonrandomized study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 1247 patients having age-related cataract scheduled for removal by phacoemulsification technique and implantation of hydrophilic or hydrophobic intraocular lens (IOL)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643708/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-young-ophthalmologists-perception-of-their-residency-programs-clinical-and-surgical-skills
#10
Parikshit Gogate, Partha Biswas, Sundaram Natarajan, Dandapani Ramamurthy, Debashish Bhattacharya, Karl Golnik, Barun Kumar Nayak
BACKGROUND: Residency training is the basis of good clinical and surgical practice. PURPOSE: The aim is to know the demographics, training experience, and perception of young ophthalmologists to improve the present residency programs in India. SETTING: Young ophthalmologists trained in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmology Society, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those trained between 2002 and 2012, with 2-10 years' postresidency experience) to gauge teaching of clinical and surgical skills during the postgraduate residency program...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643005/surgical-outcomes-of-27-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-with-short-term-postoperative-tamponade-of-perfluorocarbon-liquid-for-repair-of-giant-retinal-tears
#11
Zhaotian Zhang, Yantao Wei, Xintong Jiang, Shaochong Zhang
PURPOSE: To investigate the use of 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with short-term tamponade of perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) for repair of giant retinal tears (GRT). METHODS: Retrospective case series study. Consecutive patients with GRT were treated with 27-gauge PPV and short-term tamponade of PFCL for 7-10 days. PFCL was completely removed with a secondary surgery. RESULTS: Twenty-three eyes of 23 patients were included. All the patients achieved primary anatomic success...
June 22, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640167/timing-of-first-childbirth-and-age-related-cataract
#12
Sangshin Park, Nam-Kyong Choi
OBJECTIVE: No studies investigated the effects of age at first childbirth on cataract formation. This study was performed to determine the relationships of age at first childbirth to age-related cataract in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Study population included 7,021 postmenopausal women in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008 to 2012. Participants were subdivided in quartiles according to the age at first childbirth as follows: 13 to 21, 22 to 23, 24 to 25, and 26 to 44 years...
June 19, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640093/correlations-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-cryaa-and-cryab-genes-with-the-risk-and-clinicopathological-features-of-children-suffering-from-congenital-cataract
#13
Xian-Jin Cui, Feng-Yan Lv, Feng-Hua Li, Kun Zeng
BACKGROUND: The study aims to explore the correlations of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CRYAA and CRYAB with the risk and clinicopathological features of children with congenital cataract. METHODS: The study enrolled 168 children diagnosed as congenital cataract (case group) and 172 normal children (control group) from May 2015 to May 2016. Genomic DNA extraction was performed using a QIAamp DNA blood mini kit. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products were genotyped using an ABI direct sequencer...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639450/-bilateral-congenital-multiple-pigmented-vitreous-cysts-in-a%C3%A2-three-year-old-girl-ten-years-follow-up
#14
J Štěpánková, M Hósová, D Dotřelová
The authors present a case report of a three-year-old female patient with bilateral multiple anterior vitreous cysts. During examination for intermittent esotropia of the right eye was diagnosed not only hypermetropia, astigmatism and anisometropia, but also pigmented changes in peripheral retrolental space of both eyes. Clinical examination under general anaesthesia revealed bilateral multiple pigmented immobile vitreous cysts. There were five almost spherical, translucent, but slightly pigmented cysts on its cover on the right eye and four similar on the left, but visible only with dilated pupils...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639448/-hybrid-monovision
#15
P Studený, M Kacerovský, J Kacerovská, N Gajarová, Z Straňák
AIM: To evaluate our own results of the use of hybrid monovision technique, in patients after bilateral cataract surgery, where in the dominant eye the monofocal intraocular lens is implanted and in the non-dominant eye the multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective follow-up of group of 33 patients with bilateral cataract surgery and induced hybrid monovision. In the dominant eye, the hydrophilic monofocal aspheric intraocular lens Auroflex (Aurolab) was implanted, and in the non-dominant eye the hydrophilic multifocal aspheric intraocular lens Seelens (Hanita) was implanted...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639089/crossover-clinical-trial-of-pain-relief-in-cataract-surgery
#16
Suvin Choi, Sang-Gue Park, Lorne Bellan, Hyung-Hwan Lee, Sung Kun Chung
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of intra-operative Korean traditional music on pain experienced by Korean patients undergoing sequential bilateral cataract surgery. METHODS: This was a two-sequence, two-period, and two-treatment crossover study. Fifty-two patients with cataracts were divided into two groups by block randomization, and bilateral cataract surgery was performed. In group 1, patients listened to Korean traditional music (KTM) during their first but not second cataract surgery...
June 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638250/phacoemulsification-and-core-vitrectomy-in-fuchs-heterochromic-uveitis
#17
Sadullah Keles, Osman Ondas, Orhan Ates, Metin Ekinci, Baki Kartal, Eren Arpali, Kenan Yildirim, Erdinc Ceylan, Orhan Baykal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of phacoemulsification combined with posterior capsulorhexis, core vitrectomy and ciliary sulcus intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with Fuchs' heterochromic uveitis (FHU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 18 eyes of 18 patients with FHU underwent cataract surgery were included in the study. 18 eyes with FHU underwent posterior capsulorhexis, core vitrectomy and poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) IOL implantation in the ciliary sulcus...
June 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636169/a-novel-double-nucleotide-variant-in-the-ferritin-l-iron-responsive-element-in-a-finnish-patient-with-hereditary-hyperferritinaemia-cataract-syndrome
#18
Roosa-Maria Mattila, Annele Sainio, Marketta Järveläinen, Juha Pursiheimo, Hannu Järveläinen
PURPOSE: To present a novel Finnish double nucleotide variant in the iron-responsive element (IRE) of the ferritin L-chain gene (FTL) leading to hyperferritinaemia-cataract syndrome (HHCS). METHODS: Genomic DNA extracted from peripheral blood leucocytes and synthetized with three different primers flanking the IRE in the FTL 5'-untranslated region of the FTL was used in polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Thereafter, Sanger sequencing was performed on the 487-bp and 602-bp PCR amplification products with specific primers to reveal FTL IRE mutations...
June 21, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636126/bilateral-diffuse-uveal-melanocytic-proliferation-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Kristian Klemp, Jens Folke Kiilgaard, Steffen Heegaard, Tove Nørgaard, Mette Klarskov Andersen, Jan Ulrik Prause
Bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation (BDUMP) is a rare paraneoplastic intraocular disease that causes progressive visual loss in patients driven by an IgG factor associated with an underlying malignancy. Characteristic ocular findings include exudative retinal detachment, rapid cataract formation and uveal melanocytic tumours. The awareness and documentation of BDUMP has increased during the past decade, and the increasing amount of data collected demonstrates the effect of treatment with plasmapheresis and the value of diagnostic tools in BDUMP such as genetic and immunologic investigations...
June 21, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635420/the-most-common-comorbidities-in-dandy-walker-syndrome-patients-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports
#20
Emelina Stambolliu, Myrsini Ioakeim-Ioannidou, Kimonas Kontokostas, Maria Dakoutrou, Antonis A Kousoulis
OBJECTIVE: Dandy-Walker syndrome (DWS) is a rare neurologic multi-entity malformation. This review aimed at reporting its main nonneurologic comorbidities. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, search in Medline was conducted (2000-2014, keyword: dandy-walker). Age, sex, country, DWS type, consanguinity or siblings with DWS, and recorded coexistent conditions (by ICD10 category) were extracted for 187 patients (46.5% male, 43% from Asia) from 168 case reports. RESULTS: Diagnosis was most often set in <1 year old (40...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
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