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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656484/did-poor-eyesight-influence-goya-s-late-works-medicine-and-art-history-in-search-for-an-interpretation-of-goya-s-late-paintings
#1
José M Pérez-Trullén, Francisco J Ascaso, María J Auría
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to 'determine' the scope of Goya's eyesight difficulties and assess the extent to which those difficulties might explain his style of painting in the last years of his life. METHODS: We analyse the correspondence and late works of the Aragonese painter Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (1746-1828), who has been admired for his use of colour, his energetic loose brushstrokes, his disregard for details and his bold compositions, as well as for his different artistic styles throughout his life...
April 15, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652986/-clinical-and-genetic-analysis-of-three-pedigrees-affected-with-myotonic-dystrophy
#2
Hongyan Huang, Xinglong Yang, Yanming Xu
OBJECTIVE: To carry out clinical and genetic analysis for three pedigrees affected with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). METHODS: Three probands with clinically diagnosed DM and their familial members were recruited. Clinical data of the patients including clinical manifestations, electrocardiogram (ECG), and electromyogram (EEG) was collected. RESULTS: The clinical symptoms of all probands have progressed slowly and included myotonia, muscle weakness and muscle atrophy as the main manifestations...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652984/-analysis-of-disease-causing-gene-mutation-in-three-chinese-families-with-congenital-inherited-cataract
#3
Chengxia Ma, Guangying Zheng, Lili Hao
OBJECTIVE: To identify the disease-causing gene mutations in three Chinese pedigrees affected with congenital inherited cataract, in ordre to provide genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis. METHODS: Using exons combined target region capture sequencing chip to screen the candidate disease-causing mutations, Sanger sequencing was used to confirm the disease-causing mutations. RESULTS: Family 1 was polymorphic cataract, family 2 was cerulean cataract, family 3 was coralliform cataract...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651340/changes-in-flow-density-measured-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-after-istent-insertion-in-combination-with-phacoemulsification-in-patients-with-open-angle-glaucoma
#4
Maged Alnawaiseh, Viktoria Müller, Larissa Lahme, Ralph Laurent Merté, Nicole Eter
Purpose: To evaluate changes in flow density after the implantation of a trabecular microbypass stent (iStent) in combination with cataract surgery. Methods: A total of 48 eyes of 48 patients, who underwent either cataract surgery alone (cataract group) or cataract surgery with implantation of two iStent inject devices (iStent group), were prospectively included in this study. Intraocular pressure (IOP) and flow density data before and after surgery were extracted and analyzed...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649995/the-prevalence-and-systemic-risk-factors-of-diabetic-macular-edema-a-cross-sectional-study-from-turkey
#5
Durgul Acan, Mehmet Calan, Duygu Er, Tugba Arkan, Nilufer Kocak, Firat Bayraktar, Suleyman Kaynak
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of diabetic macular edema (DME) utilizing optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to clarify the effects of the systemic findings and risk factors on the development of DME. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the departments of ophthalmology and endocrinology at the Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine in Izmir, Turkey. The demographics, type and duration of diabetes mellitus, treatment modality, smoking and alcohol consumption habits, as well as the systemic blood pressure, renal functional tests, hemoglobulin A1c level, serum lipid profile, and 24-h urine albumin level were noted and statistically analyzed...
April 12, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643798/rapid-capsular-contraction-with-secondary-intraocular-lens-dislocation-associated-with-unspecified-rod-cone-dystrophy-a-case-report
#6
Jocelyn Lam, Bradley Sifrig, Hoon Jung
Purpose: We report an unusual case of rapid and severe anterior capsular contraction associated with secondary intraocular lens (IOL) dislocation following cataract surgery in a patient with unspecified rod-cone dystrophy. Case Report: A 68-year-old woman with a history of uncharacterized bilateral rod-cone dystrophy presented with blurry vision 1 month after cataract surgery. Best corrected visual acuity was 20/40 in the operative eye. Slit-lamp exam showed severe anterior capsular phimosis limiting view of the fundus...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643797/uneventful-anterior-migration-of-intravitreal-ozurdex-implant-in-a-patient-with-iris-sutured-intraocular-lens-and-descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty
#7
Andleeb Zafar, Ioannis M Aslanides, Vasileios Selimis, Konstantinos I Tsoulnaras, David Tabibian, George D Kymionis
Purpose: We report here the case of a patient with anterior segment migration of intravitreal dexamethasone implant as well as its management and outcome. Methods: The patient had the following sequence of events: complicated cataract surgery, iris-sutured intraocular lens implant, followed by cystoid macular edema treated with intravitreal Avastin, retinal vein occlusion treated with intravitreal dexamethasone implant, corneal decompensation treated with Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK), and finally recurrence of macular edema treated with repeated intravitreal dexamethasone implant...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643776/patch-grafting-using-an-ologen-collagen-matrix-to-manage-tubal-exposure-in-glaucoma-tube-shunt-surgery
#8
Masaki Tanito, Ichiya Sano, Yoshifumi Ikeda, Etsuko Fujihara
Purpose: To report the results using an ologen Collagen Matrix as a patch graft in eyes with tubal exposure after tube shunt surgery. Case Reports: Case 1 was an 82-year-old man with tubal exposure in his right eye 26 months after receiving a Baerveldt glaucoma implant. The tube was covered by surrounding conjunctival tissue combined with subconjunctival placement of an ologen Collagen Matrix as a patch graft. Two years after implantation, the tube was not exposed...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626052/association-between-serum-lipids-concentration-and-patients-with-age-related-cataract-in-china-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#9
Shengjie Li, Danhui Li, Yudong Zhang, Jisen Teng, Mingxi Shao, Wenjun Cao
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and a high-fat diet have been found to be associated with an increased risk of age-related cataract (ARC). Thus, this study aimed to investigate whether serum lipid levels are associated with the incidence of ARC. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, case-control study. SETTING: EyeandENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 219 ARC (male=94, female=125) subjects and 218 (male=110, female=118) normal control subjects were recruited in this study...
April 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625491/wide-corneal-epithelial-mapping-using-an-optical-coherence-tomography
#10
Nauman Hashmani, Sharif Hashmani, Choudhry M Saad
Purpose: To map the corneal epithelium using a map measuring 9 mm in diameter and view the effects of age, sex, and axial length. Additionally, we wanted to demonstrate the reproducibility of this technique. Methods: We calculated the epithelial thickness in 220 individuals using an SD-OCT machine with the newly released commercially available algorithm. We included normal eyes with refractive errors between +5 and -6 diopters (D). We excluded patients with an intraocular pressure of >22 mm Hg, history of cataract, previous ocular surgery, or disease and those with corneal pathology...
March 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624544/differences-in-refractive-outcomes-between-phacoemulsification-for-cataract-alone-and-combined-phacoemulsification-and-vitrectomy-for-epiretinal-membrane
#11
Lynn Shi, Jonathan S Chang, Leejee H Suh, Stanley Chang
PURPOSE: To determine whether preoperative adjustments are required for intraocular lens calculations in combined phacovitrectomy surgery. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective study of 50 eyes that underwent combined phacovitrectomy and a control group of 50 eyes after cataract surgery over a 3-year period by a single anterior segment surgeon and a single posterior segment surgeon. Main outcome measures were predicted refractive error (RE), as determined by SRK/T and Holladay 1 formulas, change compared with actual RE, surgically induced astigmatism, and the relationships between preoperative central foveal thickness or change in central foveal thickness and final RE...
April 5, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623732/clinical-outcome-and-higher-order-aberrations-after-bilateral-implantation-of-an-extended-depth-of-focus-intraocular-lens
#12
Daniel Pilger, David Homburg, Tobias Brockmann, Necip Torun, Eckart Bertelmann, Christoph von Sonnleithner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical outcome after a bilateral implantation of an extended depth of focus intraocular lens in comparison to a monofocal intraocular lens. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Charité-Medical University Berlin, Germany. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 60 eyes of 30 patients were enrolled in this prospective, single-center study. The cataract patients underwent phacoemulsification with bilateral implantation of a TECNIS® Symfony (Abbott Medical Optics, Santa Ana, CA, USA, 15 patients) or a TECNIS Monofocal ZCB00 (Abbott Medical Optics, Santa Ana, CA, USA, 15 patients)...
April 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622497/ebola-virus-persistence-in-ocular-tissues-and-fluids-evict-study-reverse-transcription-polymerase-chain-reaction-and-cataract-surgery-outcomes-of-ebola-survivors-in-sierra-leone
#13
Jessica G Shantha, John G Mattia, Augustine Goba, Kayla G Barnes, Faiqa K Ebrahim, Colleen S Kraft, Brent R Hayek, Jessica N Hartnett, Jeffrey G Shaffer, John S Schieffelin, John D Sandi, Mambu Momoh, Simbirie Jalloh, Donald S Grant, Kerry Dierberg, Joyce Chang, Sharmistha Mishra, Adrienne K Chan, Rob Fowler, Tim O'Dempsey, Erick Kaluma, Taylor Hendricks, Roger Reiners, Melanie Reiners, Lowell A Gess, Kwame ONeill, Sarian Kamara, Alie Wurie, Mohamed Mansaray, Nisha R Acharya, William J Liu, Sina Bavari, Gustavo Palacios, Moges Teshome, Ian Crozier, Paul E Farmer, Timothy M Uyeki, Daniel G Bausch, Robert F Garry, Matthew J Vandy, Steven Yeh
BACKGROUND: Ebola virus disease (EVD) survivors are at risk for uveitis during convalescence. Vision loss has been observed following uveitis due to cataracts. Since Ebola virus (EBOV) may persist in the ocular fluid of EVD survivors for an unknown duration, there are questions about the safety and feasibility of vision restorative cataract surgery in EVD survivors. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of EVD survivors anticipating cataract surgery and patients with active uveitis to evaluate EBOV RNA persistence in ocular fluid, as well as vision outcomes post cataract surgery...
March 23, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621861/unilateral-cataract
#14
Ju-Lee Ooi, Michelle Mei Pik Hui, Neil S Sharma, Michael Giblin, Georgina Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621780/short-term-results-of-intravitreal-triamcinolone-acetonide-combined-with-cataract-surgery-for-diabetic-macular-edema-in-japan-in-the-era-of-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-therapy
#15
Takayasu Nunome, Masahiko Sugimoto, Mineo Kondo, Chikako Suto
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection (IVTA) combined with cataract surgery for diabetic macular edema (DME) resistant to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy. PROCEDURE: IVTA combined with cataract surgery was performed on 29 eyes of patients with DME (aged 70.5 ± 6.2 years) who were refractive to anti-VEGF treatments. The visual acuity, central retinal thickness (CRT), and the central retinal sensitivity were assessed at 1, 4, 12, and 24 weeks after the treatment...
April 5, 2018: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621512/evolution-of-outcomes-of-consecutive-dmek-surgeries-throughout-a-5-year-period-at-a-single-center-performed-by-two-experienced-dmek-surgeons
#16
Silvia Schrittenlocher, Friederike Schaub, Deniz Hos, Sebastian Siebelmann, Claus Cursiefen, Björn Bachmann
PURPOSE: To assess the evolution of clinical outcomes of more than 1300 DMEKs alone or in combination with cataract surgery (triple-DMEK) throughout a 5-year period at a single center performed by two already experienced DMEK surgeons. DESIGN: Retrospective trend study. METHODS: Review of charts between July 2011 and July 2016 at the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Germany. RESULTS: 1340 out of 1340 eyes with sufficient information were included...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621062/radiation-induced-cataracts-in-children-with-brain-tumors-receiving-craniospinal-irradiation
#17
Ros J Whelan, Benjamin Saccomano, Robert King, Kathleen Dorris, Molly Hemenway, Todd C Hankinson, Arthur K Liu
Radiation is a well-known cause of the development of cataracts. For children with brain tumors, craniospinal irradiation (CSI) would be expected to result in a significant risk of cataract development. We reviewed the incidence of cataracts in children with brain tumors who received CSI at our institution. Of 45 children who received CSI and had ophthalmologic examinations, 13 developed cataracts. The median time to develop cataracts was 27.6 months. Seven children underwent surgery for cataract. Given this high incidence of cataracts, we suggest routine eye examinations for all children receiving CSI...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620730/molecular-nucleation-mechanisms-and-control-strategies-for-crystal-polymorph-selection
#18
Alexander E S Van Driessche, Nani Van Gerven, Paul H H Bomans, Rick R M Joosten, Heiner Friedrich, David Gil-Carton, Nico A J M Sommerdijk, Mike Sleutel
The formation of condensed (compacted) protein phases is associated with a wide range of human disorders, such as eye cataracts, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, sickle cell anaemia and Alzheimer's disease. However, condensed protein phases have their uses: as crystals, they are harnessed by structural biologists to elucidate protein structures, or are used as delivery vehicles for pharmaceutical applications. The physiochemical properties of crystals can vary substantially between different forms or structures ('polymorphs') of the same macromolecule, and dictate their usability in a scientific or industrial context...
April 4, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620728/improving-outcomes-in-congenital-cataract
#19
Ameenat Lola Solebo, Christopher J Hammond, Jugnoo S Rahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619883/clinical-outcomes-with-a-diffractive-trifocal-intraocular-lens
#20
Jorge L Alió, Ana B Plaza-Puche, Jorge L Alió Del Barrio, Pedro Amat-Peral, Vicente Ortuño, Pilar Yébana, Olena Al-Shymali, Alfredo Vega-Estrada
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical and visual outcomes, quality of near vision, and intraocular optical quality of patients bilaterally implanted with a trifocal PanOptix intraocular lens. METHODS: In this prospective consecutive case-series study, 52 eyes of 26 bilateral patients (mean age, 60.2 ± 7.4 years) were implanted with the AcrySof IQ Panoptix intraocular lens. Visual acuity, defocus curve, contrast sensitivity (Pelli-Robson test), near activity visual questionnaire, and internal aberrations with Osiris were evaluated...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
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