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Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Matteo Lavazza, Chei-Wei Wu, Hui Sun, Xiaoli Liu, Ralph P Tufano, Hoon Yub Kim, Jeremy D Richmon, Angkoon Anuwong
Transoral thyroidectomy (TOT) represents reasonably the desirable minimally invasive approach to the gland due to the scarless non-visible incisions, the limited distance between the gland and the access that minimize tissue dissection and respect of the surgical anatomical planes. Patients are routinely selected according to an extensive inclusion criteria: (I) ultrasonographically (US) estimated thyroid diameter not larger than 10 cm; (II) US gland volume ≤45 mL; (III) nodule size ≤50 mm; (IV) a benign tumor, such as a thyroid cyst, single-nodular goiter, or multinodular goiter; (V) follicular neoplasm; (VI) papillary microcarcinoma without lymph node metastasis...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
S Sutradhar, B R Samanta, A K Samanta, H Reisler
The 205-230 nm photodissociation of vibrationally excited CO2 at temperatures up to 1800 K was studied using Resonance Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization (REMPI) and time-sliced Velocity Map Imaging (VMI). CO2 molecules seeded in He were heated in an SiC tube attached to a pulsed valve and supersonically expanded to create a molecular beam of rotationally cooled but vibrationally hot CO2. Photodissociation was observed from vibrationally excited CO2 with internal energies up to about 20 000 cm(-1), and CO(X(1)Σ(+)), O((3)P), and O((1)D) products were detected by REMPI...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Hyunbin Seong, Jieun Heo, Kyun Hee Lee, Yoon Bok Lee, Yun Bae Kim, Nam Soo Han
White rose petal extract (WRE) contains large amounts of phenolic compounds and is considered edible. In this study, red and white wines were prepared by the addition of WRE (0.10% or 0.25%, w/v), followed by fermentation at 25°C for 15 days. The fermentation profiles, colors, sensory test results, and antioxidant activities of wines were compared. As reported herein, the fermentation profiles such as the pH, CO2 production rate, and final ethanol concentration were not affected by the addition of WRE, but a slow consumption rate of sugar was observed in 0...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
M Bellés, V Alonso, P Roncalés, J A Beltrán
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of superchilled storage at -1° on the shelf life of lamb slices packaged in an O2 enriched (40% O2/30% CO2/30% Ar) or in an anaerobic atmosphere (vacuum skin packaging). Physicochemical, microbial and sensory analyses were performed. The effect of superchilled storage on lamb stability differed depending on the atmosphere surrounding the product. Superchilled (-1°C) slices of lamb showed lower microbial counts than those refrigerated at 4°C in both packaging conditions...
June 28, 2017: Meat Science
Muhammad Ibrahim, Gang Li, Sardar Khan, Qiaoqiao Chi, Yaoyang Xu
Anthropogenic and natural activities can lead to increased greenhouse gas emissions and discharge of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) into soil environment. Biochar amendment to soils is a cost-effective technology and sustainable approach used to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, improve phytoremediation, and minimize the health risks associated with consumption of PTE-contaminated vegetables. Greenhouse pot experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of peanut shell biochar (PNB) and sewage sludge biochar (SSB) on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, plant growth, PTE bioaccumulation, and arsenic (As) speciation in bean plants...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Brian P Kelleher, Paul V Flanagan, Kris M Hart, Andre J Simpson, Seth F Oppenheimer, Brian T Murphy, Shane S O'Reilly, Sean F Jordan, Anthony Grey, Aliyu Ibrahim, Christopher C R Allen
The microbial contribution to soil organic matter has been shown to be much larger than previously thought and thus it plays a major role in carbon cycling. Among soil microorganisms, chemoautotrophs can fix CO2 without sunlight and can glean energy through the oxidation of reduced elements such as sulfur. Here we show that the addition of sulfur to soil results in an initial surge in production of CO2 through microbial respiration, followed by an order of magnitude increase in the capture of carbon from the atmosphere as elemental sulfur is oxidised to sulfate...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jia-Yi Sun, Xiao-Xiao Zhang, Li-Xin Niu, Yan-Long Zhang
The aim of this study was to investigate the essential oil (EO) compositions and antioxidant activities from petals of three wild tree peony species (Paeonia delavayi, P. lutea and P. rockii) and eleven P. suffruticosa cultivars from different cultivar groups. The EOs yields varied from 0.63% to 1.25% (v/v) among samples when using supercritical CO2 extraction. One hundred and sixty-three components were detected by GC-MS; and among them, linalool oxide, Z-5-dodecen-1-yl acetate, nonadecane, Z-5-nonadecene, heneicosane, phytol, and linoleic acid ethyl ester were dominant...
July 4, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Yi Tang, Qin Luo, Zhihong Liu, Xiuping Ma, Zhihui Zhao, Zhiwei Huang, Liu Gao, Qi Jin, Changming Xiong, Xinhai Ni
BACKGROUND: Few published studies have evaluated the power of the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) to predict outcomes in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), who typically die of right-sided heart failure. Our study sought to evaluate the power of OUES to predict clinical worsening and mortality in patients with IPAH. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with newly diagnosed IPAH who underwent symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing from November 11, 2010, to June 25, 2015, in our hospital were prospectively enrolled and followed for up to 66 months...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Leonardo Marini
BACKGROUND: Aesthetically pleasing results and fast, uneventful recovery are highly desirable after rejuvenating ablative laser procedures. Wound dressings following ablative laser procedures should ideally improve and optimize the wound healing environment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this comparative split face, single blinded, prospective observational study was to assess the efficacy and acceptability of two primary wound dressings immediately after a full face fractional CO2 laser resurfacing procedure...
June 29, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Suman Bajracharya, Karolien Vanbroekhoven, Cees J N Buisman, David P B T B Strik, Deepak Pant
The recent concept of microbial electrosynthesis (MES) has evolved as an electricity-driven production technology for chemicals from low-value carbon dioxide (CO2) using micro-organisms as biocatalysts. MES from CO2 comprises bioelectrochemical reduction of CO2 to multi-carbon organic compounds using the reducing equivalents produced at the electrically-polarized cathode. The use of CO2 as a feedstock for chemicals is gaining much attention, since CO2 is abundantly available and its use is independent of the food supply chain...
June 28, 2017: Faraday Discussions
Chengzhou Zhu, Shaofang Fu, Bo Z Xu, Junhua Song, Qiurong Shi, Mark H Engelhard, Xiaolin Li, Scott P Beckman, Junming Sun, Dan Du, Yuehe Lin
Rational design of high active and robust nonprecious metal catalysts with excellent catalytic efficiency in oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is extremely vital for making the water splitting process more energy efficient and economical. Among these noble metal-free catalysts, transition-metal-based nanomaterials are considered as one of the most promising OER catalysts due to their relatively low-cost intrinsic activities, high abundance, and diversity in terms of structure and morphology. Herein, a facile sugar-blowing technique and low-temperature phosphorization are reported to generate 3D self-supported metal involved carbon nanostructures, which are termed as Co2 P@Co/nitrogen-doped carbon (Co2 P@Co/N-C)...
June 28, 2017: Small
Mathieu Gayda, Gabriel Lapierre, Olivier Dupuy, Sarah Fraser, Louis Bherer, Martin Juneau, Vincent Gremeaux, Anil Nigam
The aim of this study was to compare cardiovascular hemodynamics and cerebral oxygenation/perfusion (COP) during and after maximal incremental exercise in obese individuals according to their aerobic fitness versus age-matched healthy controls (AMHC). Fifty-four middle-aged obese (OB) and 16 AMHC were recruited. Maximal cardiopulmonary function (gas exchange analysis), cardiac hemodynamics (impedance cardiography), and left frontal COP (near-infrared spectroscopy: NIRS) were measured continuously during a maximal incremental ergocycle test...
June 2017: Physiological Reports
Yang Chen, Helene Z Hill, Gudrun Lange, Michael J Falvo
Chen, Y, Hill, HZ, Lange, G, and Falvo, MJ. Salivary mitochondrial DNA copy number is associated with exercise ventilatory efficiency. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 2000-2004, 2017-Mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) is an index of mitochondrial content and is responsive to changes in exercise training volume. Therefore, assessment of mtDNAcn may help to optimize exercise prescription and aid in athlete monitoring. Although previous work has assessed mtDNAcn derived from skeletal muscle and blood using invasive approaches, no study has examined salivary mtDNAcn and its relationship with sport performance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Bhuvaneswari Krishnamoorthy, William R Critchley, Alexander J Thompson, Katherine Payne, Julie Morris, Rajamiyer V Venkateswaran, Ann L Caress, James E Fildes, Nizar Yonan
Background -Current consensus statements maintain that endoscopic vein harvesting (EVH) should be standard care in coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) but vein quality and clinical outcomes have been questioned. The Vein Integrity and Clinical Outcome (VICO) trial was designed to assess the impact of different vein harvesting methods on vessel damage and if this contributes to clinical outcomes following CABG. Methods -A single centre, randomised clinical trial of patients undergoing CABG with an internal mammary artery, and with one to four vein grafts were recruited...
June 21, 2017: Circulation
Ting He, Xiaojuan Wang, Huiqiong Wu, Hui Xue, Peng Xue, Jing Ma, Minli Tan, Shuanghua He, Rujuan Shen, Lunzhao Yi, Yi Zhang, Juan Xiang
A facile one-step strategy for anchoring defective CoNx single clusters on partly reduced graphene oxide (RGO) is constructed to significantly improve the catalytic performance of non-noble metal complexes toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Sequent loading with trace amounts of metal-free porphyrin and Co(2+) in RGO can dramatically enhance both the half-wave potential and the peak current density. Intriguingly, the RGO/P/2Co single cluster exhibits the best ORR catalytic performance with the half-wave potential of 0...
July 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
V Reséndiz-Cruz, J E Ramírez-Bribiesca, D Mota-Rojas, I Guerrero-Legarreta, R G Cruz-Monterrosa, D Hernandez-Sanchez
Ante-mortem studies of stress in rabbits are few and can potentially impact the haematologic response and physicochemical parameters of muscle meat. The aim of this study was to investigate the induction of stress by transport and simulation at two different times. Two hundred rabbits divided in a similar proportion of male and female were stressed by vehicular transportation and with motion simulation, using a vibration platform. They were divided into five groups: Control (without stress), Stress with Short Transportation (30 min), Stress with Long Transportation (60 min), Stress with Short Vibration Platform (30 min) and Stress with Long Vibration Platform (60 min)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Iu Iu Vecherskiĭ, V V Zatolokin, K A Petlin, Sh D Akhmedov, V M Shipulin
We examined a total of 246 patients subjected to coronary artery bypass grafting with the use of the great saphenous vein (GSV). The patients were subdivided into two groups. Group One (n=121) patients endured procurement of the great saphenous vein by a new endoscopic technique in an open system with the help of the equipment Karl Storz and electric dissector Ligasure. In Group Two (n=125) patients the vein was harvested by means of the traditional open method. In all patients we evaluated complications in the early postoperative period 13±2...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
C E Scott, S A Monks, D V Spracklen, S R Arnold, P M Forster, A Rap, K S Carslaw, M P Chipperfield, C L S Reddington, C Wilson
More than one quarter of natural forests have been cleared by humans to make way for other land-uses, with changes to forest cover projected to continue. The climate impact of land-use change (LUC) is dependent upon the relative strength of several biogeophysical and biogeochemical effects. In addition to affecting the surface albedo and exchanging carbon dioxide (CO2) and moisture with the atmosphere, vegetation emits biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs), altering the formation of short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs) including aerosol, ozone (O3) and methane (CH4)...
June 6, 2017: Faraday Discussions
C Spanu, C Scarano, F Piras, V Spanu, C Pala, D Casti, S Lamon, F Cossu, M Ibba, G Nieddu, E P L De Santis
Ricotta fresca cheese is susceptible to secondary contamination and is able to support the growth of pathogens or spoilage psychotrophic bacteria during storage. The aim of the present study was to evaluate which among three commercial biopreservatives was suitable to be used to control the growth of spoilage microorganisms in sheep's milk MAP ricotta fresca cheese. 144 Ricotta fresca cheese samples were inoculated either with the bioprotective culture Lyofast FPR 2 (including Enterococcus faecium, Lactobacillus plantarum e Lactobacillus rhamnosus) or Lyofast CNBAL (Carnobacterium spp) or the fermentate MicroGARD 430...
September 2017: Food Microbiology
Ramesh Patel, Atul Solanki, Hasmukh Patel, Jignesh Patel, Himani Pandya, Jainam Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Improving tissue oxygenation is one of most important tasks in management of low cardiac output. Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and lactate are established criteria for monitoring the adequacy of tissue oxygenation. The venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide difference [P(v-a)CO2] is inversely associated with cardiac output. AIM: To study the use of P(v-a)CO2/C(a-v)O2 ratio as a marker of low cardiac output during Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB) in paediatric cardiac surgical patients...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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