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Zahra Aghili, Saba Taheri, Hojjat Alizadeh Zeinabad, Leila Pishkar, Ali Akbar Saboury, Arash Rahimi, Mojtaba Falahati
Herein, the interaction of hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) with iron nanoparticle (Fe NP) was investigated by spectroscopic and docking studies. The zeta potential analysis revealed that addition of Fe NP (6.45±1.03 mV) to HEWL (8.57±0.54 mV) can cause to greater charge distribution of nanoparticle-protein system (17.33±1.84 mV). In addition, dynamic light scattering (DLS) study revealed that addition of Fe NP (92.95±6.11 nm) to HEWL (2.68±0.37 nm) increases suspension potential of protein/nanoparticle system (51...
2016: PloS One
Jie Yin, Qiaohui Fan, Yuxuan Li, Fangyi Cheng, Panpan Zhou, Pinxian Xi, Shouheng Sun
We report a facile nitrogenation/exfoliation process to prepare hybrid Ni-C-N nanosheets. These nanosheets are < 2 nm thin, chemically stable, and metallically conductive. They serve as a robust catalyst for the hydrogen evolution reaction in 0.5 M H2SO4, or 1.0 M KOH or 1.0 M PBS (pH = 7). For example, they catalyze the HER in 0.5 M H2SO4 at an onset potential of 34.7 mV, an overpotential of 60.9 mV (at j = 10 mA cm(-2)) and with remarkable long-term stability (~10% current drop after 70 h testing period)...
October 24, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
J Rodrigo Magana, Yury V Kolen'ko, Francis Leonard Deepak, Conxita Solans, Rekha Goswami Shrestha, Jonathan P Hill, Katsuhiko Ariga, Lok Kumar Shrestha, Carlos Rodriguez-Abreu
Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) with high surface area (820 m2/g) have been successfully prepared by a nanocasting approach using silica nanofibers obtained from chromonic liquid crystals as a template. CNFs with randomly oriented graphitic layers show outstanding electrochemical supercapacitance performance exhibiting a specific capacitance of 327 F/g at a scan rate of 5 mV/s with long life cycling capability. Approximately 95% capacitance retention is observed after 1000 charge-discharge cycles. Furthermore, about 80% of capacitance is retained at higher scan rates (up to 500 mV/s) and current densities (from 1 to 10 A/g)...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Teng Wang, Yanru Guo, Zhenxing Zhou, Xinghua Chang, Jie Zheng, Xingguo Li
Developing noble-metal-free catalysts for electrochemical hydrogen evolution reactions (HER) with superior stability in acid is of critical importance for large-scale, low-cost hydrogen production from water electrolysis. Herein, we report a highly efficient and stable noble-metal-free HER catalyst, which is composed of Ni and Mo2C nanocrystals supported on N-doped graphite nanotubes. This catalyst shows very low overpotential (65 mV in 0.5 M H2SO4 at a current density of 10 mA cm(-2) with a Tafel plot of 67 mV/dec) and good stability for HER in acidic electrolyte, which is a promising noble-metal-free HER catalyst...
October 24, 2016: ACS Nano
Ayyanar Karuppasamy, Kesavan Stalindurai, Jia-De Peng, Kuo-Chuan Ho, Chennan Ramalingan
Reported herein are six novel metal free organic dyes such as PCA1-PCA3 and PCTA1-PCTA3 featuring fused heterocyclic structural motifs such as phenothiazine and alkylcarbazole. Photophysical/electrochemical properties and nanocrystalline TiO2 based dye-sensitized solar cell performance of the same have been investigated. Electronic distribution within the molecules has been determined through a computational approach. The overall power conversion efficiencies of the devices with the utilization of dyes PCA1-PCA3 and PCTA1-PCTA3 as sensitizers ranges between 4...
October 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Subhash Chandra Bose Penjuri, Saritha Damineni, Nagaraju Ravouru, Srikanth Reddy Poreddy Reddy Poreddy
BACKGROUND: The objective of this investigation was to develop a self emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS) of naproxen, a poorly water soluble drug, which could improve its solubility and oral bioavailability. Methoda: The recent patents on SEDDS of abiraterone acetate (WO2014/009434 A1) and tamoxifen (WO2013/0080083) helped in selecting the naproxen and excipients. Phase diagrams were constructed and the formulations were taken from the micro emulsion region. Formulations were subjected to thermodynamic stability, dispersibility and precipitation tests for optimization...
October 19, 2016: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
Xiaomin Xu, Chao Su, Wei Zhou, Yinlong Zhu, Yubo Chen, Zongping Shao
A synergistic co-doping strategy is proposed to identify a series of BaCo0.9-x Fe x Sn0.1O3-δ perovskites with tunable electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Simply through tailoring the relative concentrations of less OER-active tin and iron dopants, a cubic perovskite structure (BaCo0.7Fe0.2Sn0.1O3-δ) is stabilized, showing intrinsic OER activity >1 order of magnitude larger than IrO2 and a Tafel slope of 69 mV dec(-1).
February 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Matthew P Schreiber, Andrew F Shorr
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a distinct clinical entity characterized by an onset after 48 hours of the application of mechanical ventilation (MV). Protocols exist to aid in the prevention of VAP, but this infection carries a devastating impact on patient morbidity and potentially mortality. Areas covered: In this review we present key concepts from existing guidelines to aid clinicians. Challenges remain in defining this disease and, most importantly appropriate empiric antimicrobial treatment is the main determinant of outcome...
October 24, 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Alejandro R Chade, John E Hall
Obesity is largely responsible for the growing incidence and prevalence of diabetes, cardiovascular and renal diseases. Current strategies to prevent and treat obesity and its consequences have been insufficient to reverse the ongoing trends. Lifestyle modification or pharmacological therapies often produce modest weight loss which is not sustained and recurrence of obesity is frequently observed, leading to progression of target organ damage in many obese subjects. Therefore, research efforts have focused not only on the factors that regulate energy balance, but also on understanding mechanisms of target organ injury in obesity...
October 22, 2016: American Journal of Nephrology
Yasushi Wada, Tomomi Higashide, Atsushi Nagata, Kazuhisa Sugiyama
Purpose: To investigate longitudinal changes in mean blur rate (MBR) measured by laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) in the rat optic nerve head (ONH), and the reproducibility of MBR. Methods: Rats were dilated under general anesthesia. Intraocular pressure (IOP), blood pressure, ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), heart rate, and LSFG were measured 30 minutes later. Mean blur rate in the ONH was determined using LSFG-Micro and was subdivided into MBR of the total area (MA), vessel region (MV), and tissue region (MT)...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Guanchao Yin, Min Song, Shengkai Duan, Phillip Manley, Dieter Greiner, Christian A Kaufmann, Martina Schmid
Ultrathin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGSe) solar cells pose challenges of incomplete absorption and back contact recombination. In this work, we applied the simple collodial nanosphere lithography and fabricated 2D SiO2 nanomeshes (NMs), which simultaneously benefit ultrathin CIGSe solar cells electrically and optically. Electrically, the NMs are capable of passivating the back contact recombination, and increasing the minimum bandgap of absorbers. Optically, the parasitic absorption in Mo as a main optical loss is reduced...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Libin Yang, Kunyang Wang, Gu Du, Wenxin Zhu, Liang Cui, Chengxiao Zhang, Xuping Sun, Abdullah M Asiri
Hydrogen has been considered as an ideal energy carrier for replacing fossil fuels to mitigate global energy crises. Hydrolysis of sodium borohydride (NaBH4) is simple and effective for hydrogen production but needs active and durable catalysts to accelerate the kinetics. In this paper, we demonstrate that cobalt phosphide nanowall arrays supported on carbon cloth (CoP NAs/CC) efficiently catalyze the hydrolytic dehydrogenation of NaBH4 with an activation energy of 42.1 kJ mol(-1) in alkaline media. These monolithic CoP NAs/CC show a maximum hydrogen generation rate of [Formula: see text] and are robust with superior durability and reusability...
October 21, 2016: Nanotechnology
Dureid Qazzazie, Mohammad Halhouli, Olena Yurchenko, Gerald Urban
The lack of performance of graphene-based electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction (ORR) is a major concern for fuel cells which can be mastered using nanocomposites. This work is highlighted by the optimization of nitrogen(N)-doped graphene/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) nanocomposite's ORR performance examined by galvanostatic measurements in realistically approached glucose half-cells. Obtained results mark an essential step for the development of nanocarbon-based cathodes, as we specifically evaluate the electrode performance under real fuel cell conditions...
October 21, 2016: Nanotechnology
Jay S Naik, Jessica M Osmond, Benjimen R Walker, Nancy L Kanagy
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a recently described gaseous vasodilator produced within the vasculature by the enzymes cystathionine γ-lyase and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtansferase. Previous data demonstrate that endothelial cells (EC) are the source of endogenous H2S production and are required for H2S-induced dilation. However, the signal transduction pathway activated by H2S within EC has not been elucidated. TRPV4 and large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K channels (BK channels) are expressed in EC. H2S-induced dilation is inhibited by luminal administration of iberiotoxin and disruption of the endothelium...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Julia I Tandberg, Leidy X Lagos, Petter Langlete, Eva Berger, Anne-Lise Rishovd, Norbert Roos, Deepa Varkey, Ian T Paulsen, Hanne C Winther-Larsen
Membrane vesicles (MVs) are spherical particles naturally released from the membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Bacterial MV production is associated with a range of phenotypes including biofilm formation, horizontal gene transfer, toxin delivery, modulation of host immune responses and virulence. This study reports comparative profiling of MVs from bacterial strains isolated from three widely disperse geographical areas. Mass spectrometry identified 119, 159 and 142 proteins in MVs from three different strains of Piscirickettsia salmonis isolated from salmonids in Chile (LF-89), Norway (NVI 5692) and Canada (NVI 5892), respectively...
2016: PloS One
Mariann Gyöngyösi, Georgiana-Aura Giurgea, Bonni Syeda, Silvia Charwat, Beatrice Marzluf, Julia Mascherbauer, Andras Jakab, Abelina Zimba, Márta Sárközy, Noemi Pavo, Heinz Sochor, Senta Graf, Irene Lang, Gerald Maurer, Jutta Bergler-Klein
OBJECTIVE: The long-term (5-year) outcome of early (3-6 weeks after acute myocardial infarction [AMI], BM-MNC Early group) and late (3-4 months after AMI, BM-MNC Late group) combined (percutaneous intramyocardial and intracoronary) delivery of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) was evaluated in patients with ejection fractions (EF) between 30-45% post-AMI. METHODS: Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and hospitalization were recorded...
2016: PloS One
Kubra Kaban, Emine Salva, Julide Akbuga
Changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression levels that play important roles in regulation lead to many pathological events such as cancer. The miR-200 family is an important target in cancer therapy. The aim of this study is to equilibrate endogenous levels between cancer and noncancerous cells to prevent serious side effects of miR-200c- and miR-141-like metastatic colonization. For the first time, the characterization of miR-200c and miR-141 cluster containing chitosan nanoplexes was shown, and the optimization of miRNA expression levels by conducting dose studies in breast cancer cell lines was made...
October 20, 2016: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
Yong Yang, Mei Wang, Peili Zhang, Weihan Wang, Hongxian Han, Licheng Sun
Modification of p-type Si surface by active and stable earth abundant electrocatalysts is an effective strategy to improve the sluggish kinetics for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) at p-Si/electrolyte interface and to develop highly efficient and low-cost photocathodes for hydrogen production from water. To this end, Si nanowire (Si-NW) array has been loaded with highly efficient electrocatalysts, M-B (M = Ni, Co), by facile and quick electroless plating to build M-B catalyst-modified Si nanowire-array-textured photocathodes for water reduction to H2...
October 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jungmin Seo, Jee Hye Wee, Jeong Hoan Park, Pona Park, Jeong-Whun Kim, Sung June Kim
OBJECTIVE: A novel nerve cuff electrode with embedded magnets was fabricated and developed. In this study, a pair of magnets was fully embedded and encapsulated in a liquid crystal polymer (LCP) substrate to utilize magnetic force in order to replace the conventional installing techniques of cuff electrodes. In vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted to evaluate the feasibility of the magnet-embedded nerve cuff electrode (MENCE). Lastly, several issues pertaining to the MENCE such as the cuff-to-nerve diameter ratio, the force of the magnets, and possible concerns were discussed in the discussion section...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
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