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Vasanthan Sakthivel, Ganesh Kadirampatti Mani, Sunil Mani, Raghavendiran Boopathy
The purpose of this paper is to provide data on development of second primary cancers within or adjacent to tissue irradiated in the treatment of primary head and neck cancers using different techniques and modalities. Materials and methods: We selected five patients with HandN tumors located in base of the tongue for risk assessment. In order to examine the impact of choices of various planning techniques, numbers of beams and beam energy used in treatment plans - 7 and 9 field Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plans using 6MV and 10 MV beam energies and a 6MV Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans were planned...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Jaemin Kim, Pei-Chieh Shih, Kai-Chieh Tsao, Yung-Tin Pan, Xi Yin, Cheng-Jun Sun, Hong Yang
Development of acid-stable electrocatalysts with low overpotential for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is a major challenge to produce of hydrogen directly from water. We report in this paper a pyrochlore yttrium ruthenate (Y2Ru2O7-δ) electrocatalyst that has significantly enhanced performance towards OER in acid media over the best-known catalysts, with an onset overpotential of 190 mV and high stability in 0.1-M perchloric acid solution. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) indicates Y2Ru2O7-δ electrocatalyst had a low valence state that favors the high OER activity...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Guanyao Wang, Yanhui Huang, Yuxin Wang, Pingkai Jiang, Xingyi Huang
Dielectric polymer nanocomposites have received keen interest due to their potential application in energy storage. Nevertheless, the large contrast in dielectric constant between the polymer and nanofillers usually results in a significant decrease of breakdown strength of the nanocomposites, which is unfavorable for enhancing energy storage capability. Herein, BaTiO3 nanowires (NWs) encapsulated by TiO2 shells of variable thickness were utilized to fabricate dielectric polymer nanocomposites. Compared with nanocomposites with bare BaTiO3 NWs, significantly enhanced energy storage capability was achieved for nanocomposites with TiO2 encapsulated BaTiO3 NWs...
July 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Tomoko Oshima-Takago, Hideki Takago
N-Methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) play diverse roles in synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, neuronal development and neurological diseases. In addition to their postsynaptic expression, NMDARs are also expressed in presynaptic terminals at some central synapses, and their activation modulates transmitter release. However, the regulatory mechanisms of NMDAR-dependent synaptic transmission remain largely unknown. In the present study, we demonstrated that activation of NMDARs in a nerve terminal at a central glutamatergic synapse inhibits presynaptic Ca(2+) currents (ICa) in a GluN2C/2D subunit-dependent manner, thereby decreasing nerve-evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents...
July 2017: Open Biology
Siti Fadhilah Musa, Ting Seng Yeat, Laina Zarisa Mohd Kamal, Yasser M Tabana, Mowaffaq Adam Ahmed, Ahmad El Ouweini, Lim Vuangao, Lee Chee Keong, Doblin Sandai
BACKGROUND: Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has become widely practiced worldwide. In this study, AgNPs were synthesized using a hot-water extract of the edible mushroom, Pleurotus sajor-caju. The product, PSC-AgNPs, was characterized by using UV-Vis spectra, DLS analysis, TEM, XRD and FTIR spectrometry. To assess its antifungal activity against C. albicans, gene transcription and protein expression analyses were conducted for CaICL1 and its product, ICL using RT-qPCR and western blot, respectively...
July 26, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Izabela Sadowska-Bartosz, Paulina Furmaniak, Edyta Bieszczad-Bedrejczuk, Grzegorz Bartosz, Rafał Głowacki
Main thiols and disulfides were determined in the hemolymph of the Jamaican field cricket Gryllus assimilis at various developmental stages. On the basis of these data, redox potentials of the glutathione, cysteine and homocysteine redox systems were calculated. The concentrations of all thiols studied decreased during development (at a stage of 6 molts) with respect to young crickets, and increased again in adult insects. Redox potentials of the glutathione and cysteine systems increased from values of -131...
July 27, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Salwa Sabet, Marina A George, Haidan M El-Shorbagy, Heba Bassiony, Khaled Y Farroh, Tareq Youssef, Taher A Salaheldin
BACKGROUND: Development of an effective non-viral vaccine against hepatitis C virus infection is of a great importance. Gelatin nanoparticles (Gel.NPs) have an attention and promising approach as a viable carrier for delivery of vaccine, gene, drug and other biomolecules in the body. AIM OF WORK: The present study aimed to develop stable Gel.NPs conjugated with nonstructural protein 2 (NS2) gene of Hepatitis C Virus genotype 4a (HCV4a) as a safe and an efficient vaccine delivery system...
2017: PloS One
Minjie Pan, Weifeng Li, Jun Yang, Zhiqin Li, Jun Zhao, Yajun Xiao, Yifei Xing, Xiaoping Zhang, Wen Ju
Plumbagin inhibits the growth, metastasis, and invasion of prostate cancer (PCa). However, its lower bioavailability limits biopharmaceutical properties due to insolubility in water. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) aptamer-targeted nanoparticles (NPs) significantly enhanced cytotoxicity in prostate epithelial cells. This study aimed to investigate the effects of plumbagin-loaded prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) aptamer-targeted poly D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid-b-polyethylene glycol (PLGA-PEG) nanoparticles (NPs) on prostate cancer (PCa) in vitro...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Haoyi Li, Shuangming Chen, Haifeng Lin, Xiaobin Xu, Haozhou Yang, Li Song, Xun Wang
Well-designed hybrid materials based on noble metal-free elements have great potential to generate hydrogen (H2 ) and oxygen (O2 ) sustainably via overall water splitting for developing practical energy-related technologies. Herein, an accessible method is presented to synthesize nickel diselenide (NiSe2 ) ultrathin nanowires decorated with amorphous nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiOx NPs) as multifunctional electrocatalysts (NSWANs) for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reaction (HER and OER). The NSWANs exhibit quite low HER and OER overpotentials of 174 and 295 mV, respectively, holding the current density of 20 mA cm(-2) for 24 h continuous operations in alkaline media...
July 26, 2017: Small
Ryan J DiRisio, Jessica E Armstrong, Mariah A Frank, William R Lake, William R McNamara
Two cobalt(iii) complexes containing inexpensive Schiff-base ligands have been found to be active for proton reduction at low overpotentials. The dinitro and tetranitro derivatized Schiff-base complexes show catalytic activity at -0.96 V and -1.1 V vs. Fc(+)/Fc, respectively, resulting in overpotentials of 120 mV and 280 mV. Foot-of-the-wave analysis is used to examine the kinetic properties of these complexes, yielding a theoretical TOFmax of up to 4100 s(-1). Experimental TOFs of 7 s(-1)and 3 s(-1) are observed...
July 26, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Xiang Ren, Weiyi Wang, Ruixiang Ge, Shuai Hao, Fengli Qu, Gu Du, Abdullah M Asiri, Qin Wei, Liang Chen, Xuping Sun
It is highly attractive to develop efficient hydrogen-evolving electrocatalysts under neutral conditions. In this communication, we report an amorphous FeMoS4 nanorod array on carbon cloth (FeMoS4 NRA/CC) prepared by hydrothermal treatment of an FeOOH nanorod array on carbon cloth (FeOOH NRA/CC) in (NH4)2MoS4 solution. As a 3D electrode for hydrogen evolution electrocatalysis, this FeMoS4 NRA/CC demonstrates superior catalytic activity and strong long-term electrochemical durability in 1.0 M phosphate buffered saline (pH: 7)...
July 26, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Congling Hu, Lei Zhang, Zhi-Jian Zhao, Jun Luo, Jing Shi, Zhiqi Huang, Jinlong Gong
Transition-metal oxides are extensively investigated as efficient electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). However, large-scale applications remain challenging due to their moderate catalytic activity. Optimized regulation of surface states can lead to improvement of catalytic properties. Here, the design of Mn@Cox Mn3-x O4 nanoparticles with abundant edge sites via a simple seed-mediated growth strategy is described. The unsaturated coordination generated on the edge sites of Cox Mn3-x O4 shells makes a positive contribution to the surface-structure tailoring...
July 26, 2017: Advanced Materials
Ubisha Joshi, Souradip Malkhandi, Boon Siang Yeo
An investigation of the catalysis of the electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER, 2H(+) + 2e(-) → H2) in aqueous 0.5 M H2SO4 electrolyte using composites consisting of gold nanoparticles (AuNP), carbon (Black Pearl 2000) and group 4, 5, and 6 metals is presented. This study is a continuation of our earlier work (Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 21548-21553) on molybdenum and AuNP, which we found to interact synergistically to enhance the HER. We demonstrate here that tungsten not only also showed synergy with AuNP, but the extent of synergy is even larger than that of the Mo-AuNP composite...
July 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Avinash P Ingle, Mahendra Rai
Flower-shaped copper nanoparticles were synthesised by a green and ecofriendly chemical reduction approach using copper sulphate and cytyltrimethal ammonium bromide. The UV-vis spectrophotometer analysis showed maximum absorption at about 552 nm, which is specifically reported for copper nanoparticles. The crystal lattice structure of copper nanoflowers was confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis. Further, the transmission electron microscopic studies revealed the flower shape copper nanoparticles in the size range of 100-500 nm...
August 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
Gustavo Henrique Rodrigues Da Silva, Ligia Nunes de Moraes Ribeiro, Viviane Guilherme, Simone Ramos de Castro, Márcia Cristina Breitkreitz, Eneida de Paula
Bupivacaine is the most used local anesthetic in surgical procedures, producing prolonged anesthesia. The major limiting factor for the clinical use of bupivacaine comes from its systemic toxicity. Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) are vehicles for sustained drug delivery that are able to minimize the toxicity and to increase the action time of lipophilic drugs. This work reports a 22 factorial design, which elucidate the role of the lipids mixture in the NLC, towards an optimized formulation. It also provides a new method for Bupivacaine S75:R25 (BVCS75) quantification in NLC...
July 26, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
Shreyasi Chakraborty, Nabanita Kar, Leena Kumari, Asit De, Tanmoy Bera
BACKGROUND: Type I hypersensitivity is an allergic reaction characterized by the overactivity of the immune system provoked by normally harmless substances. Glucocorticoids, anti-histamines, or mast cell stabilizers are the choices of treatment for type I hypersensitivity. Even though these drugs have the anti-allergic effect, they can have several side effects in prolong use. Cedrol is the main bioactive compound of Cedrus atlantica with anti-tumor, anti-oxidative, and platelet-activating factor inhibiting properties...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Dazhi Xiong, Tian Li, Hui Dai, Anthony F Arena, Leigh D Plant, Steve A N Goldstein
IKs channels open in response to depolarization of the membrane voltage during the cardiac action potential, passing potassium ions outward to repolarize ventricular myocytes and end each beat. Here, we show that the voltage required to activate IKs channels depends on their covalent modification by small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) proteins. IKs channels are comprised of four KCNQ1 pore-forming subunits, two KCNE1 accessory subunits, and up to four SUMOs, one on Lys424 of each KCNQ1 subunit. Each SUMO shifts the half-maximal activation voltage (V1/2) of IKs ∼ +8 mV, producing a maximal +34-mV shift in neonatal mouse cardiac myocytes or Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing the mouse or human subunits...
July 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Lili Zhao, Lili Liu, Jing Chen, Caili Yang, Jianjian Nie, Minwei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of improving the compliance of ventilator bundle on morbidity of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) guided by context of Joint Commission International (JCI) settings, and to study the oral care efficacy of suction tube sponge brush. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. The patients who needed MV admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University from January 2013 to December 2016 were enrolled...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Jianfeng Liang, Zhiyong Li, Yan Zhang, Wei Zhang, Haishan Dong, Yun Zhang, Chang Xu, Maolong Gao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prognostic factors of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of patients admitted to ICU of Beijing Geriatric Hospital from January 2005 to December 2016 were collected. According to the prognosis, the patients were divided into death group and survival group, and the mortality trend with time and age was observed. Survival and death were treated as dependent variables, while the gender, age, reason of ICU admission, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, whether undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation (MV), invasive MV reason, duration of invasive MV, whether successful weaning, whether ICU nosocomial infection, hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), acute kidney injury (AKI) occurred, whether undergoing continuous blood purification (CBP), whether septic shock occurred, whether undergoing invasive hemodynamic monitoring or blood transfusion and length of ICU stay were used as the independent variables...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Rong Zhong, Jun Xiao, Chunguang Dai, Zhihui Yu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the inhibition of paxillin tyrosine residues 31 and tyrosine residues 118 (Pxn Y31 and Pxn Y118) phosphorylation via inhibition of c-Abl kinase will effectively block its downstream effector molecules vessel endothelium-cadherin (VE-cad), and whether Rho/Rho kinase activation which will induce the vascular barrier dysfunction. METHODS: Ninety healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into nine groups (each n =10)...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
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