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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351013/dynamics-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-microbial-fuel-cell-coupled-constructed-wetlands-treating-antibiotic-polluted-water
#1
Shuai Zhang, Hai-Liang Song, Xiao-Li Yang, Shan Huang, Zhe-Qin Dai, Hua Li, Yu-Yue Zhang
Microbial fuel cell-coupled constructed wetlands (CW-MFCs) use electrochemical, biological, and ecological functions to treat wastewater. However, few studies have investigated the risks of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) when using such systems to remove antibiotics. Therefore, three CW-MFCs were designed to assess the dynamics of ARGs in filler biofilm and effluent over 5000 h of operation. The experimental results indicated that relatively high steady voltages of 605.8 mV, 613.7 mV, and 541.4 mV were obtained at total influent antibiotic concentrations of 400, 1,000, and 1600 μg L(-1), respectively...
March 22, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350969/mechanisms-of-spontaneous-pacing-sa-nodal-cells-neonatal-cardiomyocytes-and-human-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes
#2
Martin Morad, Xiaohua Zhang
The sino-atrial node is the primary site from which the mammalian heart is paced, but the mechanisms underlying the pacemaking still remain clouded. It is generally believed that the hyperpolarization-activated current I<sub><i>f</i></sub>, encoded by Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) genes, contributes significantly to pacing, which in tandem with inward current generated by efflux of Ca<sup>2+</sup> via the Na<sup>+</sup>-Ca<sup>2+</sup> exchanger (NCX), resulting from the released Ca<sup>2+</sup>, mediates the diastolic depolarization...
March 28, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350457/role-of-thiolate-ligand-in-spin-state-and-redox-switching-in-the-cytochrome-p450-catalytic-cycle
#3
Hiroshi Suzuki, Kanako Inabe, Yoshinori Shirakawa, Naoki Umezawa, Nobuki Kato, Tsunehiko Higuchi
The catalytic cycle of cytochrome P450 involves a change from the resting-state, water-bound, six-coordinated form (1, low-spin state) to a five-coordinated form (2, high-spin state) upon binding of a hydrophobic substrate. Here, we used a heme-thiolate model complex (SR complex) with THF as a model of nonionic H2O to address the question of whether or not coordination of nonionic water is sufficient to induce the low-spin state. Measurements of electronic absorption spectra and magnetic properties confirmed that five-coordinated SR complex has a high-spin state, and THF-bound, six-coordinated SR has a low-spin state in dichloromethane at ambient temperature...
March 28, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346739/a-novel-approach-to-limit-chemical-deterioration-of-gilthead-sea-bream%C3%A2-sparus-aurata-%C3%A2-fillets-coating-with-electrospun-nanofibers-as-characterized-by-molecular-thermal-and-microstructural-properties
#4
Zafer Ceylan, Gulgun F Unal Sengor, Mustafa Tahsin Yilmaz
Coating of sea bream fillets with thymol loaded chitosan based electrospun nanofibers (TLCN) and chitosan based nanafibers (CN) has been presented a novel approach to delay chemical deterioration. We assessed CN and TLCN with respect of scanting of total volatile basic nitrogen (TVBN), trimethylamine (TMA), thiobarbituric acid (TBA) deterioration during cold storage condition. Electrospinning process was applied to obtain TLCN and CN. Both of nanofibers obtained from biopolymer and bioactive material were cylindrical, smooth, beadless...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345709/a-study-of-asymmetrical-mixed-valent-mo2-mo2-complexes-in-the-class-iii-regime
#5
Suman Mallick, Tao Cheng, Lu Chen, Miao Meng, Yu Yu Zhang, Chun Y Liu
Three novel asymmetrical dimolybdenum dimers, [Mo2(DAniF)3]2(μ-OOCCOS) (DAniF = N,N'-di(p-anisyl)formamidinate) ([OO-OS]), [Mo2(DAniF)3]2(μ-S2CCO2) ([SS-OO]), and [Mo2(DAniF)3]2(μ-SSCCOS) ([SS-OS]), have been synthesized and characterized by either single-crystal X-ray crystallography or (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The structural asymmetry for these compounds gives rise to a redox asymmetry, which enlarges the potential separation (ΔE1/2) between the two [Mo2] units. The mixed-valance (MV) species [OO-OS](+), [SS-OO](+) and [SS-OS](+), prepared by one-electron chemical oxidation of the neutral precursors, exhibit an intense and symmetrical intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) absorption band in the near-IR region, along with the high energy metal (δ) to ligand (π*) (ML) and ligand (π) to metal (δ) charge transfer (LMCT) absorptions...
March 27, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345583/synergistic-effects-of-micro-electrolysis-photocatalysis-on-water-treatment-and-fish-performance-in-saline-recirculating-aquaculture-system
#6
Zhangying Ye, Shuo Wang, Weishan Gao, Haijun Li, Luowei Pei, Mingwei Shen, Songming Zhu
A new physico-chemical process for TAN (total ammonia nitrogen) removal and disinfection is introduced in saline recirculating aquaculture system (RAS), in which the biofilter is replaced with an integrated electrolysis cell and an activated carbon filter. The electrolysis cell which is based on micro current electrolysis combined with UV-light was self-designed. After the fundamental research, a small pilot scale RAS was operated for 30 days to verify the technical feasibility. The system was stocked by 42 GIFT tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fish with the rearing density of 13 kg/m(3)...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345350/boron-enhanced-growth-of-micron-length-carbon-based-nanowalls-a-route-towards-high-rates-electrochemical-biosensing
#7
Katarzyna Siuzdak, Mateusz Ficek, Michal Sobaszek, Jacek Ryl, Marcin Gnyba, Paweł Niedziałkowski, Natalia Malinowska, Jakub Karczewski, Robert Bogdanowicz
In this study we have demonstrated the fabrication of novel material called boron-doped carbon nanowalls (B:CNW) which is characterized by remarkable electrochemical properties like high standard rate constant k°, low peak to peak separation value (ΔE) for oxidation and reduction processes of [Fe(CN)6]3-/4- redox system and low surface resistivity. The B:CNW samples were deposited by the microwave plasma assisted chemical vapor deposition (CVD) using a gas mixture of H2:CH4:B2H6 and N2. Growth results in sharp edge, flat and long carbon nanowalls rich in sp2 as well as sp3 hybridized phases...
March 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345332/effects-of-cisplatin-loaded-niosomal-nanoparticleson-bt-20-human-breast-carcinoma-cells
#8
Leila Kanaani, Iraj Javadi, Meysam Ebrahimifar, Hasan Ebrahimi Shahmabadi, Azim Akbarzadeh Khiyav, Torkan Mehrdiba
Breast cancer is the fifth most common cause of death among women worldwide. Resistance to cisplatin is a main challenge in its treatment. Our present aim was to prepare nanoniosomated cisplatin and examine its efficacy in vitro using the BT-20 cell line. Niosome nanoparticles containing cisplatin were prepared by reverse-phase evaporation and characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), spectrophotometry and MTT assay. The size and zeta potential of the nanodrug were estimated as 489...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344364/improved-electroanalytical-characteristics-for-flumetralin-determination-in-the-presence-of-surface-active-compound
#9
Dariusz Guziejewski, Sylwia Smarzewska, Radovan Metelka, Agnieszka Nosal-Wiercińska, Witold Ciesielski
ABSTRACT: The use of square wave voltammetry (SWV) and square wave adsorptive stripping voltammetry (SWAdSV) in conjunction with a cyclic renewable silver amalgam film electrode for the determination of flumetralin is presented. Poor separation of two overlapped reduction peaks is significantly improved when hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide is used as a component of the supporting electrolyte solution (together with BR buffer pH 9.5). The SW technique parameters were investigated and found optimal as follows: frequency 50 Hz, amplitude 40 mV, and step potential 5 mV...
2017: Monatshefte Für Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342648/the-first-clinical-implementation-of-a-real-time-six-degree-of-freedom-target-tracking-system-during-radiation-therapy-based-on-kilovoltage-intrafraction-monitoring-kim
#10
Doan Trang Nguyen, Ricky O'Brien, Jung-Ha Kim, Chen-Yu Huang, Lee Wilton, Peter Greer, Kimberley Legge, Jeremy T Booth, Per Rugaard Poulsen, Jarad Martin, Paul J Keall
PURPOSE: We present the first clinical implementation of a real-time six-degree of freedom (6DoF) Kilovoltage Intrafraction Monitoring (KIM) system which tracks the cancer target translational and rotational motions during treatment. The method was applied to measure and correct for target motion during stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for prostate cancer. METHODS: Patient: A patient with prostate adenocarcinoma undergoing SBRT with 36.25Gy, delivered in 5 fractions was enrolled in the study...
March 22, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341935/a-natural-triterpenoid-saponin-as-multifunctional-stabilizer-for-drug-nanosuspension-powder
#11
Yingchong Chen, Yang Liu, Junnan Xu, Yuanbiao Xie, Qin Zheng, Pengfei Yue, Ming Yang
The objective of this study is to prepare a novel drug nanosuspension modified by a natural triterpenoid saponin (glycyrrhizin (GZ)) and evaluate its stability and redispersibility. A poorly soluble drug (andrographolide (AGE)) was used as a model drug. AGE nanosuspensions (AGE-NS) using GZ as natural stabilizer with mean particle size of 487 nm were firstly prepared by homogenization and converted into dried AGE nanosuspension powder (AGE-NP) by freeze-drying. It was found that GZ was able to prevent the aggregation of AGE nanocrystals and the freeze-dried AGE-NP could easily redisperse back to AGE-NS...
March 24, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341400/the-breath-of-life-patients-experiences-of-breathing-during-and-after-mechanical-ventilation
#12
Hege S Haugdahl, Helena Dahlberg, Pål Klepstad, Sissel L Storli
INTRODUCTION: Breathlessness is a prevalent and distressing symptom in intensive care, underestimated by nurses and physicians. Therefore, to develop a more comprehensive understanding of this problem, the study had two aims: to compare patients' self-reported scores of breathlessness obtained during mechanical ventilation (MV) with experiences of breathlessness later recalled by patients and: to explore the lived experience of breathing during and after MV. METHOD: A qualitatively driven sequential mixed method design combining prospective observational breathlessness data at the end of a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) and follow up data from 11 post-discharge interviews...
March 21, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341358/meta-analysis-of-the-optimal-percutaneous-revascularization-strategy-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-cardiogenic-shock-and-multivessel-coronary-artery-disease
#13
Giuseppe Tarantini, Gianpiero D'Amico, Paola Tellaroli, Claudia Colombo, Sorin J Brener
The optimal percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) revascularization strategy in patients with multivessel (MV) coronary artery disease (CAD) who present with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by cardiogenic shock (CS) has not been systematically addressed. Accordingly, we performed a study-level meta-analysis comparing 2 PCI strategies in these patients-infarct-related artery (IRA) only versus MV revascularization. Studies including patients with AMI and MV CAD complicated with CS who received primary PCI were searched from 2000 to 2016...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341115/fewer-out-of-sequence-vaccinations-and-reduction-of-child-mortality-in-northern-ghana
#14
Paul Welaga, Abraham Oduro, Cornelius Debpuur, Peter Aaby, Henrik Ravn, Andreas Andersen, Fred Binka, Abraham Hodgson
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccine administered simultaneously with measles vaccine (MV) or DTP administered after MV are associated with higher child mortality than having MV-after-DTP3 as most recent vaccination. We tested this in Northern Ghana where the prevalence of such out-of-sequence vaccinations has declined. METHODS: Using annual cohort data of children aged 12-23months from 1996 to 2012 and Cox proportional hazards models, we assessed survival in relation to the most recent vaccination status within the next 12months and until five years of age...
March 21, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340110/peri-mitral-atrial-flutter-personalized-ablation-strategy-based-on-arrhythmogenic-substrate
#15
Jinbo Yu, Kai Chen, Bing Yang, Fengxiang Zhang, Weizhu Ju, Hongwu Chen, Gang Yang, Mingfang Li, Benqi Wang, Kai Gu, Feifan Ouyang, Siew Yen Ho, Sunny Po, Minglong Chen
Aims: The aim of this study is to characterize the arrhythmogenic substrate for peri-mitral atrial flutter (PMAFL), thereby determining a personalized ablation strategy to treat PMAFL. Methods and results: Thirty-six consecutive PMAFL patients (mean age: 63.8 ± 11.3, 23 males) underwent detailed three-dimensional electroanatomic mapping in left atrium (LA). The LA was divided into septal-anterior wall (SAW), posterior inferior wall (PIW), and mitral isthmus (MI) region, respectively...
March 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339180/a-study-of-oxygen-evolution-reaction-catalytic-behavior-of-coxni1-xfe2o4-in-alkaline-medium
#16
Viruthasalam Maruthapandian, Mahendran Mathankumar, Velu Saraswathy, Balasubramanian Subramanian, Srinivasan Muralidharan
Catalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) play an important role in the conversion of solar energy to fuel of earth abundant water into H2 and O2 through splitting/electrolyzer. The heterogeneous electrocatalysts for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions (HER and OER) exhibit catalytic activity that depends on the electronic properties, oxidation states and local surface structure. Spinel ferrites (MFe2O4; M = Ni and Co) based materials have been attractive for the catalytic water oxidation due to their well-known stability in alkaline medium, easy synthesis, existence of metal cations with various oxidation states, low cost and tunable properties by the desired metal substitution...
March 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338868/effects-of-field-size-and-depth-on-photoneutron-dose-equivalent-distributions-in-an-18-mv-x-ray-medical-accelerator
#17
Amir Hakimi, Mehdi Sohrabi, Seied Rabie Mahdavi
Photoneutron (PN) dosimetry studies in high-energy X-ray medical accelerators are of high clinical and scientific interest in particular to protect patients undergoing radiotherapy. In this context, fast, epithermal and thermal PN dose equivalent distributions in different field sizes and depths in air and in a multilayer polyethylene phantom were studied. Polycarbonate track dosemeters in contact with a 10B convertor (with or without cadmium cover) when electrochemically etched were applied. PN dose equivalents in air and on the surface of the phantom are linear functions of field size...
March 1, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338696/polymer-confined-growth-of-perforated-mose2-single-crystals-on-n-doped-graphene-toward-enhanced-hydrogen-evolution
#18
Minghao Zhuang, Yao Ding, Xuewu Ou, Zhengtang Luo
The edge and corner atoms of 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are the main electrocatalytically active sites for electrochemical reaction. Here, we demonstrate an approach to generate abundant edge/corner atoms in molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) nanocrystals supported by nitrogen-doped graphene (NG) which consequently leads to significantly enhanced hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) activity. These structures were fabricated by firstly absorbing the Mo-containing precursor within polymer-functionalized graphene oxide, then selenized to obtain MoSe2 nanocrystals on the surface, and finally H2 etching was performed to form perforated structures...
March 24, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338603/antioxidant-properties-of-selenophene-thiophene-and-their-aminocarbonitrile-derivatives
#19
Levon A Tavadyan, Zaruhi H Manukyan, Lusik H Harutyunyan, Makich V Musayelyan, Adrine D Sahakyan, Hakob G Tonikyan
The oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) method was used to detect the antiperoxyradical ability of organoselenium compounds: selenophene and its derivative, 2-amino-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1-selenophene-3-carbonitrile (ATSe); while as a comparison, the sulfur-containing analogue of selenophene-thiophene and its derivative-2-amino-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1-thiophene-3-carbonitrile (ATS)-was selected. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and squarewave voltammetry (SWV) methods were used to determine the redox characteristics of organoselenium and organosulfur compounds...
March 24, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338470/reducing-scan-angle-using-adaptive-prior-knowledge-for-a-limited-angle-intrafraction-verification-live-system-for-conformal-arc-radiotherapy
#20
Yawei Zhang, Fang-Fang Yin, You Zhang, Lei Ren
PURPOSE: To develop an adaptive prior knowledge guided image estimation technique to reduce the scan angle needed in the Limited-Angle Intrafraction Verification (LIVE) system for 4D-CBCT reconstruction. METHOD: The LIVE system has been previously developed to reconstruct 4D volumetric images on-the-fly during arc treatment for intrafraction target verification and dose calculation. In this study, we developed an adaptive constrained free-form deformation reconstruction technique in LIVE to further reduce the scanning angle needed to reconstruct the 4D-CBCT images for faster intrafraction verification...
March 24, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
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