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Pressure sores

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077149/plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-co-infection-with-tick-borne-relapsing-fever-in-dakar
#1
Mamadou A Diallo, Baidy S Kane, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Mouhamed Dieng, Khadim Diongue, Aida S Badiane, Mame Cheikh Seck, Daouda Ndiaye
BACKGROUND: West African tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) due to Borrelia crocidurae and malaria are co-endemics in Senegal. Although expected to be high, co-infections are rarely reported. A case of falciparum malaria and B. crocidurae co-infection in a patient from Velingara (South of Senegal) is discussed. CASE: A 28 year-old-male patient presented to Aristide Le Dantec Hospital for recurrent fever. He initially presented to a local post health of Pikine (sub-urban of Dakar) and was diagnosed for malaria on the basis of positive malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) specific to Plamodium falciparum...
January 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065957/the-effect-of-educational-internships-on-medical-students-perceptions-of-plastic-surgery
#2
Andac Aykan, Engin Kurt, Sedat Avsar, Muhitdin Eski, Serdar Ozturk
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgery educational internships on medical students' perceptions of the scope of plastic surgery. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Gulhane Medical Faculty, Ankara, Turkey, from 2012 to 2013, and comprised 4th-, 5th- and 6th-year medical students. Students were given a questionnaire consisting of 28 questions related to maxillofacial and upper and lower extremity medical conditions, and skin, aesthetic and congenital anomalies...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065228/comparison-of-the-ambu-aura-i-with-the-air-q-intubating-laryngeal-airway-as-a-conduit-for-fiberoptic-guided-tracheal-intubation-in-children-with-ear-deformity
#3
Juan Zhi, Xiao-Ming Deng, Dong Yang, Chao Wen, Wen-Li Xu, Lei Wang, Jin Xu
Objective To compare the Ambu Aura-i with the Air-Q intubating laryngeal airway for fiberoptic-guided tracheal intubation in ear deformity children.Methods Totally 120 children who were scheduled for elective auricular reconstruction surgery requiring general anaesthesia with tracheal intubation were enrolled in this prospective study. They were randomized to receive either the Ambu Aura-i (Aura-i group) or Air-Q (Air-Q group). The time for successful tracheal intubation was assessed. The attempts for successful device insertion, leak pressures, cuff pressures, fiberoptic grade of laryngeal view, time for removal of the device after endotracheal intubation, and complications were recorded...
December 20, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060032/validation-of-a-model-for-predicting-pressure-injury-risk-in-patients-with-vascular-diseases
#4
Tonya Moyse, Jacqueline Bates, Matthew Karafa, Angela Whitman, Nancy M Albert
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to validate a 10-factor model of risk factors for hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) risk in patients with vascular disease. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Medical reviews identified 800 patients from a 1063 admissions from a 1400 bed quarternary care hospital in the midwestern United States. DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records. METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients treated during an 18-month period on a medical-surgical vascular progressive care unit were reviewed...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051341/effects-of-compression-garment-pressure-on-recovery-from-strenuous-exercise
#5
Jessica Hill, Glyn Howatson, Ken van Someren, David Gaze, Hayley Legg, Jack Lineham, Charles Pedlar
Compression garments are frequently used to facilitate recovery from strenuous exercise. Purpose To identify the effects of two different grades of compression garment on recovery indices following strenuous exercise. Methods Forty five recreationally active participants (n=26 males and n=19 females) completed an eccentric exercise protocol consisting of 100 drop jumps. Following the exercise protocol participants were matched for body mass and randomly but equally assigned to either a high (HI) compression pressure group, a low (LOW) compression pressure group, or a sham ultrasound group (SHAM)...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043851/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#6
REVIEW
N Robert
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) consists in applying subatmospheric pressure to a wound that is sealed off by a specially designed dressing and connected by a tube to a suction pump and drainage collection system. Skin defects are extremely common in orthopaedic and trauma surgery. NPWT is valuable across a range of indications. Proven effects include an increase in blood flow, stimulation of angiogenesis, and a decrease in wound surface area. NPWT can be used to treat post-traumatic and surgical wounds, burns, and chronic wounds such as pressure sores and ulcers...
December 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025376/local-and-generalized-endogenous-pain-modulation-in-healthy-men-effects-of-exercise-and-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#7
Christopher D Black, Brandon K Tynes, Alexander R Gonglach, Dwight E Waddell
: Isometric exercise has been shown to activate endogenous pain inhibitory pathways in healthy adults, but not in some clinical pain populations. OBJECTIVE:  Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and the associated delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) are a model for studying clinical pain; thus, our purpose was to examine the effects of isometric exercise on pressure pain threshold (PPT) in the presence and absence of DOMS. METHODS:  Data were collected on 23 males (22...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011162/effect-of-st-john-s-wort-hypericum-perforatum-oily-extract-for-the-care-and-treatment-of-pressure-sores-a-case-report
#8
Ali Yücel, Yüksel Kan, Erdem Yesilada, Onat Akın
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Topical formulations such as oily extracts or ointments prepared with the flowering aerial parts of St.John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L., Hypericaceae) have been used in the management of a wide range dermatological problems including superficial wounds and burns, bruises, contusions and many others in the worldwide traditional medicines. AIM OF THE STUDY: This is the first case study reporting the beneficial effects of an oily extract of St...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005561/risk-factors-for-collegiate-swimmers-hospitalized-with-exertional-rhabdomyolysis
#9
Margo R Stanfa, Navjeet N Silles, Amanda Cooper, Sara Arena, Kristin Landis-Piwowar, Carrie Aprik, Tamara Hew-Butler
OBJECTIVE: To identify midseason risk factors for symptomatic exertional rhabdomyolysis (sER) in swimmers after a novel upper body workout. DESIGN: Retrospective (1) survey and (2) analyses of observational laboratory data conducted over a 16-week training period, 2 months before sER. SETTING: Midwest University. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four collegiate swimmers. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: (1) Motivation, symptoms, and supplements for survey variables...
January 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004199/the-effect-of-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-probe-insertion-on-the-intracuff-pressure-of-airway-devices-in-children-during-general-anesthesia
#10
Onur Balaban, Mineto Kamata, Mumin Hakim, Dmitry Tumin, Joseph D Tobias
Given the size of the esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) probe and the compressibility of the pediatric airway, the EGD probe may increase the intracuff pressure (IP) of an airway device. The current study evaluated IP changes during EGD examination under general anesthesia in pediatric patients. Following the induction of anesthesia, a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) or endotracheal tube (ETT) was placed without neuromuscular blockade. The IP was measured at baseline, during EGD probe insertion, while the EGD probe was in place, and after probe removal...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993588/effect-of-a-single-administration-of-focused-extracorporeal-shock-wave-in-the-relief-of-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-results-of-a-partially-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Johannes Fleckenstein, Mara Friton, Heiko Himmelreich, Winfried Banzer
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a single administration of focused extracorporeal shockwave therapy (fESWT) on eccentric exercise-induced delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DOMS is a common symptom in people participating in exercise, sports, or recreational physical activities. DESIGN: Three-arm randomized controlled study conducted in 2009. SETTING: DOMS was induced by eccentric exercise of the non-dominant arm in voluntary participants at the Sports Campus of a German university...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987218/the-effects-of-tracheal-tube-cuffs-filled-with-air-saline-or-alkalinised-lidocaine-on-haemodynamic-changes-and-laryngotracheal-morbidity-in-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
S M F Soares, V M Arantes, M P Módolo, V J B Dos Santos, L A Vane, L H Navarro E Lima, L G Braz, P do Nascimento, N S P Módolo
We studied the effects of tracheal tube cuffs filled with air, saline or alkalinised lidocaine on haemodynamic changes during tracheal extubation and postoperative laryngotracheal morbidity in children. We randomly allocated 164 children aged 3-13 years undergoing general anaesthesia to one of four groups; tracheal tube cuffs filled with air (n = 41); saline (n = 41); alkalinised lidocaine 0.5% (n = 41); or alkalinised lidocaine 1% (n = 41). Intracuff pressure was monitored and maintained below 20 cmH2 O. The mean (SD) increases in systolic blood pressure after tracheal extubation compared with before extubation were 10...
December 17, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930451/postexercise-hypotension-is-volume-dependent-in-hypertensives-autonomic-and-forearm-blood-responses
#13
Aline de Freitas Brito, Maria do Socorro Brasileiro Santos, Caio Victor Coutinho de Oliveira, Amilton da Cruz Santos
The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term effect of kettlebell swings (KBSs) on lumbopelvic pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in healthy adults. Sixty participants (male=23, female=37, mean age=25.12 years ±2.86, height=170.73 cm ± 9.2, mass=70.49 kg ± 13.32) were randomized into one of two groups. The experimental group performed a warm-up followed by eight consecutive 20-second rounds of KBS with 10-second rest periods. The control group performed the warm-up alone. An evaluator blinded to group assignment, assessed PPTs immediately before and after the intervention using a handheld pressure algometer...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930448/the-short-term-effect-of-kettlebell-swings-on-lumbopelvic-pressure-pain-thresholds-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Brandon M Keilman, William J Hanney, Morey J Kolber, Patrick S Pabian, Paul A Salamh, Carey E Rothschild, Xinliang Liu
The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term effect of kettlebell swings (KBSs) on lumbopelvic pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in healthy adults. Sixty participants (male=23, female=37, mean age=25.12 years ±2.86, height=170.73 cm ± 9.2, mass=70.49 kg ± 13.32) were randomized into one of two groups. The experimental group performed a warm-up followed by eight consecutive 20-second rounds of KBS with 10-second rest periods. The control group performed the warm-up alone. An evaluator blinded to group assignment, assessed PPTs immediately before and after the intervention using a handheld pressure algometer...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927508/kyphectomy-in-children-with-severe-myelomeningocele-related-kyphosis
#15
R N Dunn, L N Bomela
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively maintained database. OBJECTIVES: To review myelomeningocele patients with severe kyphosis undergoing kyphectomy surgery in terms of complications and clinical and radiographic outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Because of posterior element abnormality in myelomeningocele, the extensor muscles act as perverted flexors, driving progressive kyphosis that resulted in sitting, respiratory, and skin breakdown problems...
May 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924138/the-effects-of-a-multi-ingredient-supplement-on-markers-of-muscle-damage-and-inflammation-following-downhill-running-in-females
#16
Jessica L Köhne, Michael J Ormsbee, Andrew J McKune
BACKGROUND: The effects of a multi-ingredient performance supplement (MIPS) on markers of inflammation and muscle damage, perceived soreness and lower limb performance are unknown in endurance-trained female athletes. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of MIPS (NO-Shotgun®) pre-loaded 4 weeks prior to a single-bout of downhill running (DHR) on hsC-Reactive Protein (hsCRP), interleukin (IL)-6, creatine kinase (CK), muscle soreness, lower limb circumferences and performance...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#17
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896193/multidisciplinary-approach-to-an-extended-pressure-sore-at-the-lumbosacral-area
#18
Sehoon Yoon, Euicheol Jeong, Hudson Alex Lázaro
A pressure sore wound is often extensive or complicated by local infection involving adjacent soft tissue and bone. In this case, a regional flap after simple debridement is not adequate. Here, we present a case of an extensive pressure sore in the sacral area with deep tissue infection. A 43-year-old female patient with a complicated sore with deep tissue infection had a presacral abscess, an iliopsoas abscess, and an epidural abscess in the lumbar spine. After a multidisciplinary approach performed in stages, the infection had subsided and removal of the devitalized tissue was possible...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857633/clinical-effectiveness-of-dry-needling-immediately-after-application-on-myofascial-trigger-point-in-upper-trapezius-muscle
#19
Maryam Ziaeifar, Amir Massoud Arab, Mohammad Reza Nourbakhsh
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dry needling (DN) on pain intensity and pressure pain threshold (PPT) compared with ischemic compression (IC) immediately and 48 hours after each treatment session in individuals with myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle participated in this study. Patients were randomly assigned to a standard (N = 17) or experimental group (N = 14)...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826466/buttock-reconstruction-in-sarcoma-surgery-an-esthetic-sigmoidplasty-closure-for-large-circular-defects-using-double-opposing-skin-flaps
#20
Corné P G Nel, Mahendra Daya
BACKGROUND: Large defects arising from extirpation surgery of buttock sarcomas requiring adjuvant radiotherapy are best closed with flap surgery. The traditional solutions are derived from an approach to pressure sores, which were designed for the ischial, sacral, or trochanteric areas, and have now been adapted for true buttock defects. This invariably destroys the esthetics of the buttock. We describe a novel technique of sigmoidplasty, which preserves most of the esthetic features...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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