keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Genetics diabetes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924943/peptidylarginine-deiminase-4-a-nuclear-button-triggering-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-in-inflammatory-diseases-and-aging
#1
Siu Ling Wong, Denisa D Wagner
Peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) is a nuclear citrullinating enzyme that is critically involved in the release of decondensed chromatin from neutrophils as neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs, together with fibrin, are implicated in host defense against pathogens; however, the formation of NETs (NETosis) has injurious effects that may outweigh their protective role. For example, PAD4 activity produces citrullinated neoantigens that promote autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, to which PAD4 is genetically linked and where NETosis is prominent...
June 20, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924845/association-of-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-non-receptor-type-22-gene-functional-variant-c1858t-hla-dq-dr-genotypes-and-autoantibodies-with-susceptibility-to-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-kuwaiti-arabs
#2
Mohammad Z Haider, Majedah A Rasoul, Maria Al-Mahdi, Hessa Al-Kandari, Gursev S Dhaunsi
The incidence of type-1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) has increased steadily in Kuwait during recent years and it is now considered amongst the high-incidence countries. An interaction between susceptibility genes, immune system mediators and environmental factors predispose susceptible individuals to T1DM. We have determined the prevalence of protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 (PTPN22) gene functional variant (C1858T; R620W, rs2476601), HLA-DQ and DR alleles and three autoantibodies in Kuwaiti children with T1DM to evaluate their impact on genetic predisposition of the disease...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922458/neuroarthropathy-in-diabetes-pathogenesis-of-charcot-arthropathy
#3
S E Johnson-Lynn, A W McCaskie, A P Coll, A H N Robinson
Charcot neuroarthropathy is a rare but serious complication of diabetes, causing progressive destruction of the bones and joints of the foot leading to deformity, altered biomechanics and an increased risk of ulceration. Management is complicated by a lack of consensus on diagnostic criteria and an incomplete understanding of the pathogenesis. In this review, we consider recent insights into the development of Charcot neuroarthropathy. It is likely to be dependent on several interrelated factors which may include a genetic pre-disposition in combination with diabetic neuropathy...
May 2018: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922082/pharmacogenetic-association-study-on-clopidogrel-response-in-puerto-rican-hispanics-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-novel-characterization-of-a-caribbean-population
#4
Dagmar F Hernandez-Suarez, Mariana R Botton, Stuart A Scott, Matthew I Tomey, Mario J Garcia, Jose Wiley, Pedro A Villablanca, Kyle Melin, Angel Lopez-Candales, Jessicca Y Renta, Jorge Duconge
Introduction: High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) to clopidogrel imparts an increased risk for ischemic events in adults with coronary artery disease. Platelet reactivity varies with ethnicity and is influenced by both clinical and genetic variables; however, no clopidogrel pharmacogenetic studies with Puerto Rican patients have been reported. Therefore, we sought to identify clinical and genetic determinants of on-treatment platelet reactivity in a cohort of Puerto Rican patients with cardiovascular disease...
2018: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921169/-express-auricular-vagus-nerve-stimulation-enhances-central-serotonergic-function-and-inhibits-diabetic-neuropathy-development-in-zucker-fatty-rats
#5
Shayuan Li, Chunli Sun, Peijing Rong, Xu Zhai, Jinling Zhang, Max Baker, Shuxing Wang
Painful neuropathy is a frequent comorbidity in diabetes. Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF, fa/fa) rats develop type 2 diabetes spontaneously with ageing and show nociceptive hypersensitivity by age of 13wk. In preclinical and clinical studies, the treatment of diabetic neuropathy is challenging but complementary medicine like transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) appears beneficial to the relief of neuropathic pain. However, the mechanism behind the effectiveness of taVNS remains unclear. In this study we show that daily 30min taVNS (2/15Hz, 2mA) for consecutive 27 days effectively inhibited the development of nociceptive hypersensitivity in ZDF rats as detected by thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia in hindpaw...
January 1, 2018: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921013/immunosuppressive-drug-therapy-for-preventing-rejection-following-lung-transplantation-in-cystic-fibrosis
#6
REVIEW
Ian J Saldanha, Oluwaseun Akinyede, Karen A Robinson
BACKGROUND: For people with cystic fibrosis and advanced pulmonary damage, lung transplantation is an available and viable option. However, graft rejection is an important potential consequence after lung transplantation. Immunosuppressive therapy is needed to prevent episodes of graft rejection and thus subsequently reduce morbidity and mortality in this population. There are a number of classes of immunosuppressive drugs which act on different components of the immune system. There is considerable variability in the use of immunosuppressive agents after lung transplantation in cystic fibrosis...
June 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920932/genetic-immune-and-inflammatory-markers-associated-with-diabetes-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#7
Lina Quteineh, Agnieszka Wójtowicz, Pierre-Yves Bochud, Severine Crettol, Frederik Vandenberghe, Jean-Pierre Venetz, Oriol Manuel, Dela Golshayan, Roger Lehmann, Nicolas J Mueller, Isabelle Binet, Christian van Delden, Jürg Steiger, Paul Mohacsi, Jean-Francois Dufour, Paola M Soccal, Zoltan Kutalik, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Peter Vollenweider, Mike Recher, Christoph Hess, Manuel Pascual, Chin B Eap
New-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) is a complication following solid organ transplantation (SOT) and may be related to immune or inflammatory responses. We investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within 158 immune- or inflammation-related genes contribute to NODAT in SOT recipients. The association between 263 SNPs and NODAT were investigated in a discovery sample of SOT recipients from the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study (STCS, n1 =696). Positive results were tested in a first STCS replication sample (n2 =489) and SNPs remaining significant after multiple test corrections were tested in a second SOT replication sample (n3 =156)...
June 19, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916386/type-1-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Linda A DiMeglio, Carmella Evans-Molina, Richard A Oram
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disease characterised by insulin deficiency and resultant hyperglycaemia. Knowledge of type 1 diabetes has rapidly increased over the past 25 years, resulting in a broad understanding about many aspects of the disease, including its genetics, epidemiology, immune and β-cell phenotypes, and disease burden. Interventions to preserve β cells have been tested, and several methods to improve clinical disease management have been assessed. However, wide gaps still exist in our understanding of type 1 diabetes and our ability to standardise clinical care and decrease disease-associated complications and burden...
June 16, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915775/severe-hypertriglyceridemia-presenting-as-eruptive-xanthomatosis
#9
Sameera S Vangara, Kyle D Klingbeil, Raymond M Fertig, Jason L Radick
Eruptive xanthomatosis is described as the sudden eruption of erythematous yellow papules in the presence of hypertriglyceridemia, often associated with serum triglyceride levels above 2000 mg/dl. Severe hypertriglyceridemia can be caused by primary genetic mutations, secondary chronic diseases, or a combination of both. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus is a known risk factor. It is imperative for physicians to be aware of eruptive xanthomatosis as a warning sign for severe hypertriglyceridemia due to the underlying risk for the potentially fatal complication of acute pancreatitis...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914985/inhibition-of-cd36-reduces-visceral-fat-accumulation-and-improves-insulin-resistance-in-diet-induced-obese-bdnf-val66met-mice
#10
Jiwon Yang, Keun Woo Park, Sunghee Cho
Obesity-induced metabolic dysfunctions increase risk of vascular diseases including type II diabetes and stroke. While managing obesity is an interest to address the worldwide health problem, how genetic variability affects human obesity development and specific targets for obesity-related metabolic disease have not been thoroughly studied. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the brain derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) gene that results in the substitution of a valine to a methionine at codon 66 ( val66met ) occurs with a high frequency in humans...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914375/performance-of-epistasis-detection-methods-in-semi-simulated-gwas
#11
Clément Chatelain, Guillermo Durand, Vincent Thuillier, Franck Augé
BACKGROUND: Part of the missing heritability in Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) is expected to be explained by interactions between genetic variants, also called epistasis. Various statistical methods have been developed to detect epistasis in case-control GWAS. These methods face major statistical challenges due to the number of tests required, the complexity of the Linkage Disequilibrium (LD) structure, and the lack of consensus regarding the definition of epistasis. Their limited impact in terms of uncovering new biological knowledge might be explained in part by the limited amount of experimental data available to validate their statistical performances in a realistic GWAS context...
June 18, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913182/the-genetic-architecture-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#12
REVIEW
Denis M Nyaga, Mark H Vickers, Craig Jefferies, Jo K Perry, Justin M O'Sullivan
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is a complex autoimmune disorder characterised by loss of the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells in genetically predisposed individuals, ultimately resulting in insulin deficiency and hyperglycaemia. T1D is most common among children and young adults, and the incidence is on the rise across the world. The aetiology of T1D is hypothesized to involve genetic and environmental factors that result in the T-cell mediated destruction of pancreatic beta cells. There is a strong genetic risk to T1D; with genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identifying over 60 susceptibility regions within the human genome which are marked by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)...
June 15, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913163/loss-of-function-mutation-of-serine-racemase-attenuates-retinal-ganglion-cell-loss-in-diabetic-mice
#13
Haiyan Jiang, Jinlin Du, Juan Song, Yanqi Li, Mengjuan Wu, Jing Zhou, Shengzhou Wu
Consistent results suggest the promoting roles of serine racemase (SR)/D-serine in retinal neurodegeneration in diabetic retinopathy (DR). However, the direct evidence connecting SR deficiency with retinal neuroprotection in genetic model of diabetes mellitus has not been reported. In this investigation, we explore the effect of absence of functional SR on the degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) with a diabetic murine model, Ins2Akita mice. We established a murine strain with double mutation, termed Ins2Akita -Srr, by mating heterozygous Ins2Akita mice with homozygous Srrochre269 mice...
June 15, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912608/liver-specific-knockout-of-histone-methyltransferase-g9a-impairs-liver-maturation-and-dysregulates-inflammatory-cytoprotective-and-drug-processing-genes
#14
Hong Lu, Xiaohong Lei, Qinghao Zhang
1. Methyltransferase G9a is essential for a key gene silencing mark, histone H3 dimethylation at lysine-9 (H3K9me2). Hepatic G9a expression is down-regulated by xenobiotics and diabetes. However, little is known about the role of G9a in liver. Thus, we generated mice with liver-specific knockout (Liv-KO) of G9a. 2. Adult G9a Liv-KO mice had marked loss of H3K9me2 proteins in liver, without overt liver injury or infiltration of inflammatory cells. However, G9a-null livers had ectopic induction of certain genes normally expressed in neural and immune systems...
June 18, 2018: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912308/metabolic-changes-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathies-scientific-update-from-the-working-group-of-myocardial-function-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#15
Jolanda van der Velden, Carlo Gabriele Tocchetti, Gilda Varricchi, Anna Bianco, Vasco Sequeira, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner, Nazha Hamdani, Adelino Leite-Moreira, Manuel Mayr, Ines Falcão-Pires, Thomas Thum, Dana K Dawson, Jean-Luc Balligand, Stephane Heymans
Disturbed metabolism as a consequence of obesity and diabetes may cause cardiac diseases (recently highlighted in the CVR spotlight issue on Metabolic cardiomyopathies).1 In turn, the metabolism of the heart may also be disturbed in genetic and acquired forms of hypertrophic cardiac disease. Here, we provide an overview of recent insights on metabolic changes in genetic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and discuss several therapies which may be explored to target disturbed metabolism and prevent onset of cardiac hypertrophy...
June 15, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912186/generation-of-scaffold-free-three-dimensional-insulin-expressing-pancreatoids-from-mouse-pancreatic-progenitors-in-vitro
#16
Marissa A Scavuzzo, Jessica Teaw, Diane Yang, Malgorzata Borowiak
The pancreas is a complex organ composed of many different cell types that work together to regulate blood glucose homeostasis and digestion. These cell types include enzyme-secreting acinar cells, an arborized ductal system responsible for the transportation of enzymes to the gut, and hormone-producing endocrine cells. Endocrine beta-cells are the sole cell type in the body that produce insulin to lower blood glucose levels. Diabetes, a disease characterized by a loss or the dysfunction of beta-cells, is reaching epidemic proportions...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911757/reduction-in-serum-triglyceride-levels-in-diabetic-patients-may-result-in-decreased-insulin-dependence-and-disease-regression
#17
Nadav Shinhar, Dana Marcoviciu, Dror Dicker
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a multifactorial disease in which genetic susceptibility and environmental factors induce pancreatic β-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance. Additional factors such as hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia have roles in β-cell dysfunction and disease progression. The phenomenon of lipid-induced pancreatic β-dysfunction, designated as lipotoxicity, has been observed in several in vitro and in vivo experiments; however, there is still no solid evidence for the occurrence of this event in humans...
June 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911119/the-association-between-nfkb1-94attg-ins-del-and-nfkb1a-826c-t-genetic-variations-and-coronary-artery-disease-risk
#18
Abbas Seidi, Sina Mirzaahmadi, Khalil Mahmoodi, Mohammad Soleiman-Soltanpour
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is considered as a chronic inflammatory disease initiated from early childhood. Nuclear factor κB (NF κB) and κB1A (NF κB1A) are the key regulators of inflammatory responses. The NFKB1 -94ATTG ins/del and NFKB1A -826C/T polymorphisms may contribute to the development of CAD. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of these polymorphisms with the risk of CAD. The study population included 120 patients with angiographically confirmed CAD and 100 matched controls...
March 2018: Molecular Biology Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911035/subclinical-hypothyroidism-and-cardiac-risk-lessons-from-a-south-indian-population-study
#19
Sashi Niranjan Nair, Harish Kumar, Manoj Raveendran, V Usha Menon
Introduction: The benefits of treating subclinical hypothyroidism are currently under debate, prevention of adverse cardiac events purporting to be one of the main benefits. The effect of subclinical hypothyroidism on the cardiovascular health of the Indian sub-population is largely unknown. This study was designed to examine these effects and to help guide treatment of this disorder. Methods: A cross-sectional adult population survey was carried out in urban coastal area of central Kerala...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909200/epigenetic-control-of-variation-and-stochasticity-in-metabolic-disease
#20
REVIEW
Ilaria Panzeri, John Andrew Pospisilik
BACKGROUND: The alarming rise of obesity and its associated comorbidities represents a medical burden and a major global health and economic issue. Understanding etiological mechanisms underpinning susceptibility and therapeutic response is of primary importance. Obesity, diabetes, and metabolic diseases are complex trait disorders with only partial genetic heritability, indicating important roles for environmental programing and epigenetic effects. SCOPE OF THE REVIEW: We will highlight some of the reasons for the scarce predictability of metabolic diseases...
May 18, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
keyword
keyword
85463
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"