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intraoperative pulmonary complications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770886/laparoscopic-extended-liver-resection-are-postoperative-outcomes-different
#1
Daniel Pietrasz, David Fuks, Daren Subar, Gianfranco Donatelli, Carlotta Ferretti, Christian Lamer, Luca Portigliotti, Marc Ward, Jane Cowan, Takeo Nomi, Marc Beaussier, Brice Gayet
BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic major hepatectomy (LMH) is becoming increasingly common in specialized centers, data regarding laparoscopic extended major hepatectomies (LEMH) and their outcomes are limited. The aim of this study was to compare the perioperative characteristics and postoperative outcomes of LEMH to standard LMH. METHODS: All patients who underwent purely laparoscopic anatomical right or left hepatectomy and right or left trisectionectomy between February 1998 and January 2016 are enrolled...
May 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756694/effects-of-inhalation-and-intravenous-anaesthesia-on-intraoperative-cardiopulmonary-function-and-postoperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-thoracic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Qian-Yun Pang, Ran An, Hong-Liang Liu
INTRODUCTION: There is a high incidence of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications after thoracic surgery with one lung ventilation (OLV), the effect of general anaesthetics on intraoperative cardiopulmonary function and postoperative complications is still unclear. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched the Embase, Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Springer, Wiley, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which inhalation anaesthesia and intravenous anaesthesia were compared; intraoperative cardiopulmonary function and postoperative complications were assessed in patients undergoing thoracic surgery with intraoperative one-lung ventilation (OLV)...
May 11, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752218/elevated-international-normalized-ratio-is-not-associated-with-increased-perioperative-morbidity-in-podiatric-limb-salvage-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#3
Nalini Vadivelu, Alice M Kai, Feng Dai, Hosni Mikhael, Rima Aouad, Peter Blume
The risk of hemorrhage always exists in anticoagulated patients with an elevated international normalized ratio (INR), a risk that must be measured against the necessity for surgical procedures. The objective of the present retrospective medical record study was to assess the safety with which limb salvage procedures can be conducted in patients with an INR >1.4. The medical records of 231 patients who had undergone limb salvage procedures by 1 surgeon at the Yale New Haven Health System from November 2008 through July 2014 were reviewed...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749884/perioperative-complications-and-risk-factors-in-neuromuscular-scoliosis-surgery
#4
Brandon J Toll, Amer F Samdani, M Burhan Janjua, Shashank Gandhi, Joshua M Pahys, Steven W Hwang
OBJECTIVE High rates of perioperative complications are associated with deformity correction in neuromuscular scoliosis. The current study aimed to evaluate complications associated with surgical correction of neuromuscular scoliosis and to characterize potential risk factors. METHODS Data were retrospectively collected from a single-center cohort of 102 consecutive patients who underwent spinal fusions for neuromuscular scoliosis between January 2008 and December 2016 and who had a minimum of 6 months of follow-up...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742784/-contra-is-postoperative-epidural-analgesia-the-gold-standard
#5
Hans Jürgen Gerbershagen
As strategy for postoperative pain therapy, epidural analgesia (EDA) is superior to systemic opiate analgesia after abdominal and thoracic surgery. In addition, EDA may significantly reduce the incidence of complications in some large operations, such as, e.g. cardiac (myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation) and pulmonary complications (pneumonia, atelectasis), and even reduce mortality. Intestinal motility can also be improved. However, these positive effects do not appear in all interventions and not to the same degree...
April 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732423/predicting-critical-care-unit-level-complications-after-long-segment-fusion-procedures-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#6
Rafael De la Garza-Ramos, Jonathan Nakhla, Yaroslav Gelfand, Murray Echt, Aleka N Scoco, Merritt D Kinon, Reza Yassari
Background: To identify predictive factors for critical care unit-level complications (CCU complication) after long-segment fusion procedures for adult spinal deformity (ASD). Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database [2010-2014] was reviewed. Only adult patients who underwent fusion of 7 or more spinal levels for ASD were included. CCU complications included intraoperative arrest/infarction, ventilation >48 hours, pulmonary embolism, renal failure requiring dialysis, cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, unplanned intubation, septic shock, stroke, coma, or new neurological deficit...
March 2018: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732193/photodynamic-therapeutic-ablation-for-peripheral-pulmonary-malignancy-via-electromagnetic-navigation-bronchoscopy-localization-in-a-hybrid-operating-room-or-a-pioneering-study
#7
Ke-Cheng Chen, Jang-Ming Lee
Background: With the aid of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB), it has become possible to approach peripheral lung tumors from the airway. Meanwhile, local ablation using photodynamic therapy (PDT) has shown increasing promise in the realm of lung cancer treatment. The purpose of this study was to explore an alternative ablation method using PDT with SuperDimension ENB localization in a hybrid operating theater. Methods: Our study includes patients with primary or metastatic lung cancer who underwent PDT via ENB in the hybrid operating room (OR) of National Taiwan University Hospital between January 2016 and January 2017...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732192/electromagnetic-navigation-bronchoscopy-chungnam-national-university-hospital-experience
#8
Hyun Jin Cho, Md Roknuggaman, Woo Sik Han, Shin Kwang Kang, Min-Woong Kang
Background: To find small pulmonary nodules or ground grass nodules (GGNs) with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is very difficult. There are several conventional methods to localize small nodules or GGNs, which require additional radiation exposure and may cause some complications such as pneumothorax or hemothorax. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy-guided pulmonary localization in a minimally invasive thoracic surgery field...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709437/the-effects-of-an-open-lung-approach-during-one-lung-ventilation-on-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-and-driving-pressure-a-descriptive-multicenter-national-study
#9
Javier Belda, Carlos Ferrando, Ignacio Garutti
OBJECTIVE: Thoracic surgical procedures are associated with an increased risk of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs), which seem to be related directly to intraoperative driving pressure. The authors conducted this study to describe the incidence of PPCs in patients in whom an individualized open-lung approach was applied during one-lung ventilation. DESIGN: This was a prospective, multicenter, national descriptive study. SETTING: Thoracic surgery patients undergoing one-lung ventilation...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707343/retrospective-study-on-video-assisted-vs-open-mediastinal-lymphadenectomy-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#10
Jianbin Zhang, Yimin Wu, Hongwei Li, Qibin Shen, Caihua Yu, Ying Chai
Background: This retrospective study is designed to compare the surgical outcomes of mediastinal lymph node (MLN) dissection between the two groups of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients underwent lung cancer surgery through video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or thoracotomy, as well as classify the differences and identify the safer method between two groups. Methods: A total of 497 patients underwent pulmonary lobectomy and systemic MLN dissection were enrolled in this study...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707319/perioperative-management-and-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-case-study-of-a-high-volume-tertiary-center-in-taiwan
#11
Tzu Chang, Po-Ni Hsiao, Man-Yin Tsai, Pei-Ming Huang, Ya-Jung Cheng
Background: Mortality and complication rates for surgical esophagectomy remain high despite progress in surgical techniques and perioperative care. Minimally invasive surgery and intraoperative goal-directed fluid management are gaining popularity in Taiwan; however, perioperative complications and short-term outcomes have been rarely reported. In this retrospective study, we analyzed the surgical procedures performed as well as the perioperative outcomes and treatments after esophagectomy in a high-volume medical center in Taiwan...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702994/a-case-report-regarding-general-anesthesia-management-of-a-patient-with-pulmonary-vein-stenosis-that-underwent-balloon-dilatation-and-stent-implantation
#12
Fangzhou Li, Guoyan Qiao, Peng Liang, Jin Liu
RATIONALE: Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a rare cardiovascular deformity that can lead to high mortality if left untreated. Patients frequently experience multiple complications such as hemoptysis, pulmonary hypertension, bronchial venous rupture and cardiac insufficiency. Currently, pulmonary vein stenosis balloon dilatation (stent implantation) is the only treatment, and this can be performed under local or general anesthesia. However, a case report on the general anesthesia management of PVS has not been previously reported...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701415/antiphospholipid-syndrome-and-acute-postpartum-limb-ischemia
#13
Inês Antunes, Carlos Pereira, Rui Machado, Duarte Rego, Vitor Ferreira, João Gonçalves, Gabriela Teixeira, Carlos Veiga, Daniel Mendes, Rui Almeida
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) implies the identification of antiphospoholipid antibodies and arterial/venous thrombosis or pregnancy loss. During pregnancy, there is an increased risk of thrombotic complications. METHODS: Present a case of acute lower limb ischemia in a patient with APS during postpartum period Materials/ Methods: review of a clinical case and available literature Results: Patient diagnosed with APS (triple antibody positive and antecedent of 3 previous abortions) underwent cesarean at 29 weeks of gestation...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701367/severe-intraoperative-complications-during-vats-anatomical-ressections-and-their-surgical-resolution-in-a-portuguese-thoracic-surgery-centre-a-9-year-review
#14
João Eurico Reis, Ana Rita Costa, Manuel Godinho, João Santos Silva, Rita Barata, Ivan Bravio, Fernando Martelo, Paulo Calvinho, José Fragata
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have demonstrated that video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is not only feasible and safe but is actually the approach chosen for an increasing number of pulmonary anatomic resections. There are however few studies reporting on severe intraoperative complications during VATS anatomical ressections and their resolution. OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to analyse the incidence of severe intraoperative complications during VATS anatomical ressections, at our department, in the past nine years, and describe their technical resolution during the surgery...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697597/epicardial-biatrial-ablation-with-integrated-uni-bipolar-radiofrequency-technology-in-stand-alone-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Fabrizio Rosati, Claudio Muneretto, Elisa Merati, Gianluca Polvani, Massimo Moltrasio, Claudio Tondo, Antonio Curnis, Manuel Cerini, Alexandre Metras, Gianluigi Bisleri
OBJECTIVE: Although minimally invasive approaches for surgical treatment of stand-alone atrial fibrillation have gained popularity for the past decade, ablation technology and extensive lesion sets play a major role in the achievement of a successful procedure, especially in presence of persistent and long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation. We evaluated clinical outcomes after totally endoscopic biatrial epicardial ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation with a novel integrated uni-bipolar radiofrequency device...
March 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697519/intraoperative-combination-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-and-a-median-sternotomy-in-hemodynamically-unstable-patients-with-penetrating-chest-trauma-is-this-feasible
#16
Carlos A Ordoñez, Michael W Parra, Ramiro Manzano-Nunez, Juan P Herrera-Escobar, Jose J Serna, Paola Rodriguez Ossa, David Mejia, Ana M Del Valle, Alexander Salcedo, Juan C Salamea, Fernando Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an effective life-saving intervention in patients with severe torso trauma. However, the deployment of REBOA in patients with isolated penetrating intrathoracic injuries remains controversial. We propose that a median sternotomy be performed in conjunction with REBOA as a feasible and effective means of hemorrhage control in patients suffering from penetrating chest trauma who present hemodynamically unstable...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697460/cardiac-and-pulmonary-donor-procurement
#17
Hannah Copeland, Jack Copeland, J W Awori Hayanga
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Within the United States, donor heart and lung procurement varies between institutions and among surgeons within the same institution sometimes. The purpose of this article is to review the history of donor heart and lung procurement, the surgical techniques, and pitfalls. RECENT FINDINGS: The current article covers the important intraoperative evaluation of the donor heart and lungs at the procurement hospital and the surgical pitfalls that can be prevented to ensure good procurement of donor heart and lungs...
April 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688922/the-use-of-high-frequency-percussive-ventilation-for-whole-lung-lavage-a-case-report
#18
Sudhakar Kinthala, Mark Liang, Felix Khusid, Sebron Harrison
Whole-lung lavage (WLL) remains the gold standard in the treatment of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. However, anesthetic management during WLL can be challenging because of the risk of intraoperative hypoxemia and various cardiorespiratory complications of 1-lung ventilation. Here, we describe a novel strategy involving the application of high-frequency percussive ventilation using a volumetric diffusive respirator (VDR-4) during WLL in a 47-year-old woman with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Our observations suggest that high-frequency percussive ventilation is a potentially effective ventilation strategy during WLL that may reduce the risk of hypoxemia and facilitate lavage...
April 23, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682463/reasons-for-conversion-during-vats-lobectomy-what-happens-with-increased-experience
#19
REVIEW
Dario Amore, Davide Di Natale, Roberto Scaramuzzi, Carlo Curcio
Although controlled studies have demonstrated the benefits of a minimally invasive approach for pulmonary lobectomy over thoracotomy, reports have also documented that significant complications can occur during thoracoscopic lobectomy and sometimes require planned or emergent conversion to open surgery. Several authors have identified and reported causes and implications of intraoperative conversion to thoracotomy using different types of classification. The aim of this single centre retrospective review is to evaluate how the reasons for conversion change with increased experience, dividing patients who were converted to thoracotomy during video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy, between 2011 and 2017, in two groups: those treated during learning curve (LC group) and those treated after learning curve (ALC group)...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672815/minimally-invasive-isolated-tricuspid-valve-redo-surgery-a-safety-and-outcome-analysis
#20
Gloria Färber, Sophie Tkebuchava, Rodolfo Siordia Dawson, Hristo Kirov, Mahmoud Diab, Peter Schlattmann, Torsten Doenst
BACKGROUND:  Isolated tricuspid valve (TV) surgery is considered a high risk-procedure. The optimal surgical approach is controversial. We analyzed our experience with isolated TV redo surgery performed either minimally invasively (redo-MITS) or through sternotomy. METHODS:  We retrospectively analyzed all patients with previous cardiac surgery who underwent redo-MITS ( n  = 26) and compared them to redo-Sternotomy ( n  = 17). A group of primary-MITS ( n  = 61) served as control...
April 19, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
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