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Hip closed reduction

Mohammed A Zwawi, Faissal A Moslehy, Christopher Rose, Victor Huayamave, Alain J Kassab, Eduardo Divo, Brendan J Jones, Charles T Price
: This study utilized a computational biomechanical model and applied the least energy path principle to investigate two pathways for closed reduction of high grade infantile hip dislocation. The principle of least energy when applied to moving the femoral head from an initial to a final position considers all possible paths that connect them and identifies the path of least resistance. Clinical reports of severe hip dysplasia have concluded that reduction of the femoral head into the acetabulum may occur by a direct pathway over the posterior rim of the acetabulum when using the Pavlik harness, or by an indirect pathway with reduction through the acetabular notch when using the modified Hoffman-Daimler method...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
X M Lü, C Feng, Y F Dong, G Fu, Y Guo
Objective: To explore the influence of the labro-chondral complex (LLC) on the development of the acetabulum after close reduction in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Methods: Sixty-one cases (72 hips) with DDH presented in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital were reviewed, all the patients were treated by closed reduction, arthrogram and Spica casting from March 2010 to December 2013. The anterior-posterior pelvic radiography was performed to evaluate the morphology of the labro-chondral complex and reduction of the hip...
October 11, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Atul Bhaskar, Hardik Desai, Gaurav Jain
BACKGROUND: Re-dislocation after primary treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip is a serious complication. We analyzed the various risk factors that contribute to re-dislocation, and whether the bony ossific nucleus (ON) confers increased stability against re-dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five children (60 hips) were classified into three treatment groups: Closed reduction (CR) in 15 children (17 hips), open reduction (OR) in 26 children (28 hips), and OR with bony surgery (ORB) in 14 children (15 hips)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Nicholas Quercetti, Brandon Horne, Zac DiPaolo, Michael J Prayson
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, operative fixation of pelvic and acetabular injuries involves complex approaches and significant complications. Accelerated rehabilitation, decreased soft tissue stripping and decreased wound complications are several benefits driving a recent interest in percutaneous fixation. We describe a new fluoroscopic view to guide the placement of screws within the anterior pelvic ring. METHODS: Twenty retrograde anterior pelvic ring screws were percutaneously placed in ten cadaveric specimens...
October 7, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
S Hopp, R Wirbel, I Ojodu, A Pizanis, T Pohlemann, J Fleischer
The aim of this study was to compare two proximal femur nails with regard to the complication rate and midterm clinical outcome : the InterTAN nail (ITN) versus the third generation gamma nail (GN). 78 patients older than 60 years with an unstable intertrochanteric femoral fracture (AO/OTA 31 A2/A3) were randomised over a 20 month period into either ITN (n = 39) or GN (n = 39). The outcomes of interest were the perioperative implant-related complications and the functional status (Harris Hip Score) at 6 months postoperatively...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Gregory B Firth, Anthony J F Robertson, Yammesh Ramguthy, Manoj Ramachandran, Anton Schepers
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to determine the prognostic potential of the ossific nucleus center edge angle (ONCEA) in patients below 5 years of age treated for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) to predict final outcome and the need for a secondary procedure. METHODS: The interobserver and intraobserver reliability was calculated using the intraclass correlation coefficient for measurement of the ONCEA. The ONCEA was divided a priori into 3 groups: group A≥10 degrees, group B -9 to 9 degrees, and group C ≤-10 degrees...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
C Druschel, K Heck, C Kraft, R Placzek
OBJECTIVE: PemberSal osteotomy to improve femoral head coverage by rotating the acetabular roof ventrally and laterally. INDICATIONS: Insufficient coverage of the femoral head, and can be combined with other surgical procedures such as femoral intertrochanteric varus-derotation osteotomy and open reduction for developmental dysplasia and dislocation of the hip or to improve sphericity and containment in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. This specific acetabuloplasty can only be performed in patients with an open epiphyseal growth-plate...
September 14, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Zhong-Li Zhang, Zhe Fu, Jian-Ping Yang, Kan Wang, Li-Wei Xie, Shu-Zhen Deng, Zhao-Qiang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of residual dysplasia after closed reduction (CR) of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and assess correlations between quality of arthrogram-guided CR and residual dysplasia using a new intraoperative radiographic criterion. METHODS: Data of a consecutive series of 126 patients with DDH in 139 hips treated at our institution by arthrogram-guided CR from March 2006 to June 2013 were reviewed in this retrospective study...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Takuya Otani, Tohru Futami, Atsushi Kita, Toshio Kitano, Takashi Saisu, Shinichi Satsuma, Yasuhiko Kawaguchi
BACKGROUND: Treatment for unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is challenging and controversial. For many years, the debate centered around closed treatments and especially the pros and cons of manual reduction and its concrete procedure. However, recent studies reported on open treatments such as open reduction through an anterior approach and modified Dunn procedure. Being in a period of such transition, we investigated the current status and future challenge of treatment for unstable SCFE...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Angela M Horner, Jandy B Hanna, Audrone R Biknevicius
Animals that are specialized for a particular habitat or mode of locomotion often demonstrate locomotor efficiency in a focal environment when compared to a generalist species. However, measurements of these focal habitats or behaviors are often difficult or impossible to do in the field. In this study, the energetics and kinematics of simulated tunnel locomotion by two unrelated semi-fossorial mammals, the ferret and degu, were analyzed using open-flow respirometry and digital video. Animals were trained to move inside of normal (unconstrained, overground locomotion) and height-decreased (simulated tunnel, adjusted to tolerance limits for each species) Plexiglas chambers that were mounted flush onto a treadmill...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
Mayank Gupta, R-K Arya, Satish Kumar, Vijay-Kumar Jain, Skand Sinha, Ananta-Kumar Naik
PURPOSE: Both cannulated cancellous screw (CCS) and sliding hip screw (SHS) are used in femoral neck fracture fixations, but which is superior is yet to be determined. This study was aimed to compare the clinicoradiological outcome of femoral neck fracture treated with SHS or CCS in young adults. METHODS: Adults (16e60 years) with femoral neck fracture were divided into Group 1 fixed with SHS and Group 2 fixed with three CCS after closed reduction. Pain relief, functional recovery and postoperative radiographs at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and then yearly for upto 4 years were analyzed...
August 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Jong Hee Lee, Seung Beom Han
Perioperative blood transfusions are common in total hip arthroplasty because of preoperative anemia and perioperative blood loss. Perioperative anemia and the need for allogeneic blood transfusion are related with increased morbidity. To reduce perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion, keeping the preoperative hemoglobin level above 12.0 g/dL is important in orthopedic patients. By using the anti-fibrinolytic agent or perioperative cell salvage, reduce intraoperative blood loss is very important for the reduction of perioperative blood loss...
December 2015: Hip Pelvis
Zeng-ping Wang, Lin Liu, Wen Xue, Hui-ru Zhou, Yu-xin Song, Li-yang Cai, Xian-tang Cheng, Yao-wen Qian
OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical efficacy of closed reduction and external fixation under local anesthesia for the treatment of high-risk elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS: From March 2013 to March 2015, 10 patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated with closing reduction and external fixator under local anesthesia were analyszed, including 4 males and 6 females, aged from 69 to 88 years old with an average of 75.2 years old. All fractures were caused by injury and classified to type I (5 cases), II (3 cases), and V (2 cases) according to Evans classification...
June 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Robert F Murphy, Young-Jo Kim
In pediatric patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip with late presentation or failure of nonsurgical treatment, surgical management is indicated. The goal of surgery is to obtain a stable reduction to promote development of the femoral head and acetabulum while avoiding osteonecrosis of the femoral head and the need for further surgery. Treatment is related to the age of the patient and the degree of soft-tissue contracture or bony deformity present. As a general rule, in children aged <12 months, closed reduction and spica casting is preferred...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Nima Mehran, Christos D Photopoulos, Steven J Narvy, Russ Romano, Seth C Gamradt, James E Tibone
BACKGROUND: Injury rates are high for collegiate football players. Few studies have evaluated the epidemiology of surgical procedures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I collegiate football players. PURPOSE: To determine the most common surgical procedures performed in collegiate football players over a 10-year period. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. METHODS: From the 2004-2005 season through the 2013-2014 season, all surgical procedures performed on athletes from a single NCAA Division I college football team during athletic participation were reviewed...
July 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
H E Matar, N K Garg
INTRODUCTION Larsen syndrome is an autosomal-dominant osteochondrodysplasia characterised by large joint dislocations and craniofacial anomalies. CASE HISTORY We present a rare case of Larsen syndrome with bilateral dislocated hips and knees and severe clubfeet at 7-year follow-up. We undertook bilateral open reduction of both hips at age 8 months. This procedure was preceded by open reduction and left-knee V-Y quadricepsplasty at age 4 months following a failed trial of closed reduction of the left knee. Both feet had a severe deformity (Pirani score of 5...
August 9, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Kimberly A Fox, Todd M Phillips, Joseph H Yanta, Michael G Abesamis
CONTEXT: Post-arthroplasty metallosis, which refers to metallic corrosion and deposition of metallic debris in the periprosthetic soft tissues of the body, is an uncommon complication. Systemic cobalt toxicity post-arthroplasty is extremely rare. The few known fatal cases of cobalt toxicity appear to be a result of replacing shattered ceramic heads with metal-on-metal or metal-on-polyethylene implants. Friction between residual shards of ceramic and cobalt-chromium implants allows release of cobalt into the synovial fluid and bloodstream, resulting in elevated whole blood cobalt levels and potential toxicity...
November 2016: Clinical Toxicology
S Fitschen-Oestern, S Lippross, T Klüter, P Behrend, M Weuster, A Seekamp
Femoral neck fractures in young patients are rare but of high clinical relevance due to the complexity of risk factors and complications. Early stabilization and accurate reduction are of high priority. Femoral head-preserving stabilization by dynamic hip screws or threefold screw osteosynthesis are the methods of choice. Postoperative results should be closely controlled in every case in order to be able to treat possible complications in time.
September 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
James A Gillespie, Andrew G Marsh, Sanjeev R Patil
We report the case of a 42-year-old male who suffered a fracture-dislocation of the femoral head. After a closed reduction of the hip, this proceeded to an open reduction with internal fixation of the fractured femoral head, in addition to labral repair and micro-fracture of an articular cartilage defect. After considering the risks to the femoral head blood supply, the trochanteric flip osteotomy was used. This provided ample and safe exposure. At 14 months follow-up, the patient-reported outcome measures are favourable: modified Harris Hip Score (81/100), the non-arthritic hip score (92...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Yasuharu Nakashima, Takuaki Yamamoto, Jun-Ichi Fukushi, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Hamai, Yusuke Kohno, Yukihide Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVN) is the most serious complication after unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), and is often unsalvageable. We report a minimum 10 years of clinical results for transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy of the femoral head (TRO) for AVN. METHODS: This study included 7 patients (7 hips) with a mean age at surgery of 13.3 years, and the follow-up period was 15.8 years. All patients had prior treatment via closed reduction and pinning of the unstable SCFE, and showed severely collapsed femoral heads...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
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