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Optical coherence tomography barrett's

Muhammad Aziz, Rawish Fatima
Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is one of the deadliest carcinoma faced by gastroenterologists. Any insult to esophagus that causes replacement of normal squamous epithelium with columnar intestinal epithelium is labelled as the initiating event of the metaplasia-neoplasia sequence. Barrett's esophagus is the precursor to EAC. Currently, endoscopically obtained biopsies are used to detect neoplastic changes in patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE); however, it is not cost effective and hence a better screening modality is needed...
April 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
D R Kohli, M L Schubert, A M Zfass, T U Shah
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can generate high-resolution images of the esophagus that allows cross-sectional visualization of esophageal wall layers. We conducted a systematic review to assess the utility of OCT for diagnosing of esophageal intestinal metaplasia (IM; Barrett's esophagus BE)), dysplasia, cancer and staging of early esophageal cancer. English language human observational studies and clinical trials published in PubMed and Embase were included if they assessed any of the following: (i) in-vivo features and accuracy of OCT at diagnosing esophageal IM, sub-squamous intestinal metaplasia (SSIM), dysplasia, or cancer, and (ii) accuracy of OCT in staging esophageal cancer...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Leila Kia, Srinadh Komanduri
Endoscopic eradication therapy is effective and durable for the treatment of Barrett's esophagus (BE), with low rates of recurrence of dysplasia but significant rates of recurrence of intestinal metaplasia. Identified risk factors for recurrence include age and length of BE before treatment and may also include presence of a large hiatal hernia, higher grade of dysplasia before treatment, and history of smoking. Current guidelines for surveillance following ablation are limited, with recommendations based on low-quality evidence and expert opinion...
July 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Arvind J Trindade, Cadman L Leggett, Kenneth J Chang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma is on the rise despite widespread appreciation that the precursor lesion is Barrett's esophagus. Studies have shown that some patients known to have Barrett's esophagus develop cancer despite their enrollment in conventional endoscopic surveillance programs. This highlights the need for advanced endoscopic imaging to help identify early neoplasia and prevent its progression to esophageal cancer. Recently, a wide-field, second-generation optical coherence tomography endoscopic platform called volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE) was cleared by the Food and Drug Administration and made commercially available for advanced imaging in Barrett's esophagus...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Hsiang-Chieh Lee, Osman O Ahsen, Kaicheng Liang, Zhao Wang, Marisa Figueiredo, Michael G Giacomelli, Benjamin Potsaid, Qin Huang, Hiroshi Mashimo, James G Fujimoto
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Angiogenesis is associated with neoplastic progression of Barrett's esophagus (BE). Volumetric optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) visualizes subsurface microvasculature without exogenous contrast agents. We investigated the association of OCTA microvascular features with low-grade dysplasia (LGD) and high-grade dysplasia (HGD). METHODS: Fifty-two patients undergoing BE surveillance or endoscopic eradication therapies for dysplasia were imaged using volumetric OCTA and corresponding histologic diagnoses wre obtained to yield 97 data sets (nondysplastic BE [NDBE], 74; LGD, 10; HGD, 13)...
September 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Neel Sharma, Khek Yu Ho
BACKGROUND: Barrett's oesophagus (BO) is a premalignant condition associated with the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). Despite the low risk of progression per annum, OAC is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, with an estimated 5-year survival of 10%. Furthermore, the incidence of OAC continues to rise globally. Therefore, it is imperative to detect the premalignant phase of BO and follow up such patients accordingly. SUMMARY: The mainstay diagnosis of BO is endoscopy and biopsy sampling...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
Kaicheng Liang, Osman O Ahsen, Hsiang-Chieh Lee, Zhao Wang, Benjamin M Potsaid, Marisa Figueiredo, Vijaysekhar Jayaraman, Alex E Cable, Qin Huang, Hiroshi Mashimo, James G Fujimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Jack X Ma, Maolong Tang, Li Wang, Mitchell P Weikert, David Huang, Douglas D Koch
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of the optical coherence tomography-based (OCT formula) and Barrett True K (True K) intraocular lens (IOL) calculation formulas in eyes with previous radial keratotomy (RK). METHODS: In 95 eyes of 65 patients, using the actual refraction following cataract surgery as target refraction, the predicted IOL power for each method was calculated. The IOL prediction error (PE) was obtained by subtracting the predicted IOL power from the implanted IOL power...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Hajime Isomoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Ashley H Davis-Yadley, Kevin G Neill, Mokenge P Malafa, Luis R Pena
BACKGROUND: Barrett esophagus (BE) continues to be a major risk factor for developing esophageal adenocarcinoma. METHODS: We review the risk factors, diagnosis, and management of BE, with an emphasis on the most current endoscopic diagnostic modalities for BE. RESULTS: Novel diagnostic modalities have emerged to address the inadequacies of standard, untargeted biopsies, such as dye-based and virtual chromoendoscopy, endoscopic mucosal resection, molecular biomarkers, optical coherence tomography, confocal laser endomicroscopy, volumetric laser endomicroscopy, and endocytoscopy...
January 2016: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
Giovanni J Ughi, Michalina J Gora, Anne-Fré Swager, Amna Soomro, Catriona Grant, Aubrey Tiernan, Mireille Rosenberg, Jenny S Sauk, Norman S Nishioka, Guillermo J Tearney
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical diagnostic modality that can acquire cross-sectional images of the microscopic structure of the esophagus, including Barrett's esophagus (BE) and associated dysplasia. We developed a swallowable tethered capsule OCT endomicroscopy (TCE) device that acquires high-resolution images of entire gastrointestinal (GI) tract luminal organs. This device has a potential to become a screening method that identifies patients with an abnormal esophagus that should be further referred for upper endoscopy...
February 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Waku Hatta, Kaname Uno, Tomoyuki Koike, Nobuyuki Ara, Naoki Asano, Katsunori Iijima, Akira Imatani, Fumiyoshi Fujishima, Tooru Shimosegawa
OBJECTIVES: The evaluation of Barrett's glands buried underneath esophageal squamous epithelium becomes increasingly important to achieve curative treatments. However, clinically available endoscopies have critical limitations in depicting the subsurface structure, resulting in non-curative treatments. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can acquire a high-resolution cross-sectional image, equivalent to an 'optical biopsy'. We aimed to assess the feasibility of the in vivo use of probe-type OCT imaging to evaluate Barrett's mucosa buried underneath esophageal squamous epithelium METHODS: We conducted a single-center prospective study with 14 consecutive patients with Barrett's adenocarcinoma from 2008 to 2014...
November 19, 2015: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Prateek Sharma, Joel Brill, Marcia Canto, Daniel DeMarco, Brian Fennerty, Neil Gupta, Loren Laine, David Lieberman, Charles Lightdale, Elizabeth Montgomery, Robert Odze, Jeffrey Tokar, Michael Kochman
Enhanced imaging technologies such as narrow band imaging, flexible spectral imaging color enhancement, i-Scan, confocal laser endomicroscopy, and optical coherence tomography are readily available for use by endoscopists in routine clinical practice. In November 2014, the American Gastroenterological Association's Center for GI Innovation and Technology conducted a 2-day workshop to discuss endoscopic image enhancement technologies, focusing on their role in 2 specific clinical conditions (colon polyps and Barrett's esophagus) and on issues relating to training and implementation of these technologies (white papers)...
December 2015: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Li Wang, Maolong Tang, David Huang, Mitchell P Weikert, Douglas D Koch
PURPOSE: To compare the newer formulae, the optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based intraocular lens (IOL) power formula (OCT formula) and the Barrett True-K formula (True-K), with the methods on the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS) calculator in eyes with previous myopic LASIK/photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). DESIGN: Prospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 104 eyes of 80 patients who had previous myopic LASIK/PRK and subsequent cataract surgery and IOL implantation...
December 2015: Ophthalmology
Dianne Barrett, Jin Yang, Tharikarn Sujirakul, Stephen H Tsang
Vigabatrin is an effective antiepileptic drug (AED) typically used in the treatment of refractory partial seizures and infantile spasms. Its use, however, is limited due to the concern of retinal toxicity and subsequent visual field defects. Herewith in we describe a case of vigabatrin toxicity that illustrates electroretinographic (ERG) changes occur before imaging and visual field deterioration. Decrease in maximal ERG b: a ratio was observed before thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) on optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
2014: Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Kaname Uno, Tomoyuki Koike, Tooru Shimosegawa
Endoscopic diagnosis with histological evidence is necessary to decide the best strategy for treating esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and Barrett's-associated neoplasia, and the recent development of endoscopic technologies have made possible real-time information of malignant hallmarks. We focused on the development of optical coherence tomography (OCT), the only technology that can depict real-time cross-sectional images with high resolution. With the improvements in image resolution, acquisition rate and demonstrable area of three-dimensional devices with Doppler capability, OCT imaging was shown to enable visualization of structural/functional alterations in the mucosal/submucosal tissue of the esophagus, resulting in more accurate preoperative diagnosis of such malignancies...
July 25, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Anne-Fré Swager, David F Boerwinkel, Daniel M de Bruin, Dirk J Faber, Ton G van Leeuwen, Bas L Weusten, Sybren L Meijer, Jacques J Bergman, Wouter L Curvers
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence and clinical relevance of buried Barrett's glands (BB) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in Barrett's esophagus (BE) are debated. Recent optical coherence tomography studies demonstrated a high prevalence of BBs. Direct histological correlation, however, has been lacking. Volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE) is a second-generation optical coherence tomography system capable of scanning a large surface of the esophageal wall layers with low-power microscopy resolution...
January 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Matthew B Sturm, Thomas D Wang
The rapid rise in incidence of oesophageal adenocarcinoma has motivated the need for improved methods for surveillance of Barrett's oesophagus. Early neoplasia is flat in morphology and patchy in distribution and is difficult to detect with conventional white light endoscopy (WLE). Light offers numerous advantages for rapidly visualising the oesophagus, and advanced optical methods are being developed for wide-field and cross-sectional imaging to guide tissue biopsy and stage early neoplasia, respectively. We review key features of these promising methods and address their potential to improve detection of Barrett's neoplasia...
November 2015: Gut
A Swager, D F Boerwinkel, D M de Bruin, B L Weusten, D J Faber, S L Meijer, T G van Leeuwen, W L Curvers, J J Bergman
Volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE) is a novel balloon-based optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging technique that may improve detection of early neoplasia in Barrett's esophagus (BE). Most OCT studies lack a direct correlation between histology and OCT images. The aim is to investigate the optimal approach for achieving one-to-one correlation of ex-vivo VLE images of endoscopic resection (ER) specimens with histology. BE patients with and without early neoplasia underwent ER after delineating areas with electrocoagulation markers (ECM)...
August 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Kathy Beaudette, Hyoung Won Baac, Wendy-Julie Madore, Martin Villiger, Nicolas Godbout, Brett E Bouma, Caroline Boudoux
Double-clad fiber (DCF) is herein used in conjunction with a double-clad fiber coupler (DCFC) to enable simultaneous and co-registered optical coherence tomography (OCT) and laser tissue coagulation. The DCF allows a single channel fiber-optic probe to be shared: i.e. the core propagating the OCT signal while the inner cladding delivers the coagulation laser light. We herein present a novel DCFC designed and built to combine both signals within a DCF (>90% of single-mode transmission; >65% multimode coupling)...
April 1, 2015: Biomedical Optics Express
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