keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rho/Rock

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650698/the-rock-isoforms-differentially-regulate-the-morphological-characteristics-of-carcinoma-cells
#1
Rachel J Jerrell, Mitchell J Leih, Aron Parekh
Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) activity drives cell migration via actomyosin contractility. During invasion, individual cancer cells can transition between two modes of migration, mesenchymal and amoeboid. Changes in ROCK activity can cause a switch between these migration phenotypes which are defined by distinct morphologies. However, recent studies have shown that the ROCK isoforms are not functionally redundant as previously thought. Therefore, it is unclear whether the ROCK isoforms play different roles in regulating migration phenotypes...
June 26, 2017: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644070/particulate-matter-disrupts-human-lung-endothelial-cell-barrier-integrity-via-rho-dependent-pathways
#2
Ting Wang, Yuka Shimizu, Xiaomin Wu, Gabriel T Kelly, Xiaoyan Xu, Lichun Wang, Zhongqing Qian, Yin Chen, Joe G N Garcia
Increased exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) is associated with elevated morbidity and mortality in patients with cardiopulmonary diseases and cancer. We and others have shown that PM induces lung microvascular barrier dysfunction which potentially enhances the systemic toxicity of PM. However, the mechanisms by which PM disrupts vascular endothelial integrity remain incompletely explored. We hypothesize that PM induces endothelial cell (EC) cytoskeleton rearrangement via Rho GTPase-dependent pathways to facilitate vascular hyperpermeability...
June 23, 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642198/treatment-of-intestinal-fibrosis-in-experimental-inflammatory-bowel-disease-by-the-pleiotropic-actions-of-a-local-rho-kinase-inhibitor
#3
Tom Holvoet, Sarah Devriese, Karolien Castermans, Sandro Boland, Dirk Leysen, Yves-Paul Vandewynckel, Lindsey Devisscher, Lien Van den Bossche, Sophie Van Welden, Melissa Dullaers, Roosmarijn E Vandenbroucke, Riet De Rycke, Karel Geboes, Arnaud Bourin, Olivier Defert, Pieter Hindryckx, Martine De Vos, Debby Laukens
BACKGROUND: Intestinal fibrosis resulting in (sub)obstruction is a common complication of Crohn's disease (CD). Rho kinases (ROCKs) play multiple roles in TGFβ1-induced myofibroblast activation that could be therapeutic targets. Because systemic ROCK inhibition causes cardiovascular side-effects, we evaluated the effects of a locally acting ROCK inhibitor (AMA0825) on intestinal fibrosis. METHODS: Fibrosis was assessed in mouse models using dextran sulfate sodium and adoptive T cell transfer...
June 19, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641719/surfactant-protein-d-inhibits-interleukin-12p40-production-by-macrophages-through-the-sirp%C3%AE-rock-erk-signaling-pathway
#4
Rui Yamaguchi, Arisa Sakamoto, Takatoshi Yamamoto, Yasuji Ishimaru, Shinji Narahara, Hiroyuki Sugiuchi, Yasuo Yamaguchi
OBJECTIVE: Interleukin (IL)-12 has a pivotal profibrotic role in the development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Medical research trials based on IPF registry databases have actively recruited patients. Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a useful biomarker in patients with IPF. SP-D binds to signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα), which acts as an inhibitory receptor, and this SP-D/SIRPα interaction may have an anti-inflammatory effect. Accordingly, the inhibitory effect of SP-D on IL-12p40 production by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages was investigated...
June 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633944/gene-expression-analysis-identify-a-metabolic-and-cell-function-alterations-as-a-hallmark-of-obesity-without-metabolic-syndrome-in-peripheral-blood-a-pilot-study
#5
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Raquel Almansa, Rocío Aller, Olatz Izaola, E Romero
BACKGROUND: Understanding molecular basis involved in overweight is an important first step in developing therapeutic pathways against excess in body weight gain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our pilot study was to evaluate the gene expression profiles in the peripheral blood of obese patients without other metabolic complications. DESIGN: A sample of 17 obese patients without metabolic syndrome and 15 non obese control subjects was evaluated in a prospective way...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630165/the-cell-adhesion-molecule-chl1-interacts-with-patched-1-to-regulate-apoptosis-during-postnatal-cerebellar-development
#6
Jelena Katic, Gabriele Loers, Jelena Tosic, Melitta Schachner, Ralf Kleene
The immunoglobulin superfamily adhesion molecule close homolog of L1 (CHL1) plays important roles during nervous system development. Here, we identified the hedgehog receptor patched-1 (PTCH1) as novel CHL1 binding partner and showed that CHL1 interacts with the first extracellular loop of PTCH1 via its extracellular domain. Co-localization and -immunoprecipitation of CHL1 with PTCH1 suggest an association of CHL1 with this major component of the hedgehog signaling pathway. The trans-interaction of CHL1 with PTCH1 promotes neuronal survival in cultures of dissociated cerebellar granule cells and of organotypic cerebellar slices...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625538/a-strong-contractile-actin-fence-and-large-adhesions-direct-human-pluripotent-colony-morphology-and-adhesion
#7
Elisa Närvä, Aki Stubb, Camilo Guzmán, Matias Blomqvist, Diego Balboa, Martina Lerche, Markku Saari, Timo Otonkoski, Johanna Ivaska
Cell-type-specific functions and identity are tightly regulated by interactions between the cell cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix (ECM). Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) have ultimate differentiation capacity and exceptionally low-strength ECM contact, yet the organization and function of adhesion sites and associated actin cytoskeleton remain poorly defined. We imaged hPSCs at the cell-ECM interface with total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy and discovered that adhesions at the colony edge were exceptionally large and connected by thick ventral stress fibers...
June 13, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623462/in-silico-investigations-of-chemical-constituents-of-clerodendrum-colebrookianum-in-the-anti-hypertensive-drug-targets-rock-ace-and-pde5
#8
Hemant Arya, Safiulla Basha Syed, Sorokhaibam Sureshkumar Singh, Dinakar R Ampasala, Mohane Selvaraj Coumar
Understanding the molecular mode of action of natural product is a key step for developing drugs from them. In this regard, this study is aimed to understand the molecular-level interactions of chemical constituents of Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walp., with anti-hypertensive drug targets using computational approaches. The plant has ethno-medicinal importance for the treatment of hypertension and reported to show activity against anti-hypertensive drug targets-Rho-associated coiled-coil protein kinase (ROCK), angiotensin-converting enzyme, and phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5)...
June 16, 2017: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619708/arhgap18-downregulation-by-mir-200b-suppresses-metastasis-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-by-enhancing-activation-of-rhoa
#9
Brock Humphries, Zhishan Wang, Yunfei Li, Jing-Ru Jhan, Yiguo Jiang, Chengfeng Yang
Rho GTPases activated in cancer cells drive proliferation, migration and metastasis. Thus, RhoGAP proteins which negatively regulate Rho GTPases are generally thought to function as tumor suppressors. Here this expectation was challenged by characterization of ARHGAP18, a RhoGAP family member that is selectively overexpressed in highly migratory triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. In human breast tumors, higher ARHGAP18 levels associated with worse overall survival, recurrence-free survival and metastasis-free survival...
June 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619258/rho-kinase-dependent-desensitization-of-gpr39-a-unique-mechanism-of-gpcr-downregulation
#10
Yuji Shimizu, Ryokichi Koyama, Tomohiro Kawamoto
GPR39, a G-protein-coupled receptor activated by zinc, reportedly activates multiple intracellular signaling pathways via Gs, Gq, G12/13, and β-arrestin, but little is known about downregulation of the receptor upon its activation. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the mechanism of feedback regulation of GPR39 function determined in GPR39-expressing HEK293 cells (HEK293-GPR39) as a model cell system. In HEK293-GPR39 cells, GPR39-C3, which is a positive allosteric modulator, activated cAMP production (downstream of Gs), IP1 accumulation (downstream of Gq), SRF-RE-dependent transcription (downstream of G12/13), and β-arrestin recruitment...
June 12, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609185/discovery-and-preclinical-development-of-netarsudil-a-novel-ocular-hypotensive-agent-for-the-treatment-of-glaucoma
#11
Cheng-Wen Lin, Bryan Sherman, Lori A Moore, Carmen L Laethem, Da-Wen Lu, Padmanabhan P Pattabiraman, Ponugoti Vasantha Rao, Mitchell A deLong, Casey C Kopczynski
PURPOSE: Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitors lower intraocular pressure (IOP) by increasing aqueous outflow through the trabecular meshwork (TM). The preclinical characterization of netarsudil, a new ROCK/norepinephrine transporter (NET) inhibitor currently in clinical development, is presented herein. METHODS: The kinase inhibitory activity of netarsudil was compared to its esterase metabolite, netarsudil-M1, and 3 other ROCK inhibitors using a commercially available kinase assay kit...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606734/the-interplay-between-histone-deacetylases-and-rho-kinases-is-important-for-cancer-and-neurodegeneration
#12
REVIEW
Sonja Mertsch, Oliver H Krämer
Rho associated coiled-coil containing kinases (ROCKs) respond to defined extra- and intracellular stimuli to control cell migration, cell proliferation, and apoptosis. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are epigenetic modifiers that regulate nuclear and cytoplasmic signaling through the deacetylation of histones and non-histone proteins. ROCK and HDAC functions are important compounds of basic and applied research interests. Recent evidence suggests a physiologically important interplay between HDACs and ROCKs in various cells and organisms...
June 1, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602912/synthetic-8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine-inhibited-metastasis-of-pancreatic-cancer-through-concerted-inhibitions-of-erm-and-rho-gtpase
#13
Jong-Min Park, Young-Min Han, Migyeong Jeong, Myung Hee Chung, Chang Il Kwon, Kwang Hyun Ko, Ki Baik Hahm
8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is generated consequent to oxidative stress, but its paradoxical anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-mutagenic effects via Rho-GTPase inhibition were noted in various models of inflammation and cancer. Metastasis occurs through cell detachment, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and cell migration; during these processes, changes in cell morphology are initiated through Rho-GTPase-dependent actin cytoskeleton polymerization. In this study, we explored the anti-metastatic mechanisms of 8-OHdG in Panc-1 pancreatic cancer cells...
June 8, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601637/necl-4-enhances-the-plc%C3%AE-c-raf-mek-erk-pathway-without-affecting-internalization-of-vegfr2
#14
Shota Yamana, Amina Tokiyama, Hidenobu Fujita, Yuya Terao, Sayo Horibe, Naoto Sasaki, Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi, Ken-Ichi Hirata, Yoshiyuki Rikitake
We have reported that knockdown of Necl-4 decreases vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) without affecting phosphorylation of VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) in sparsely cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). However, the underlying molecular mechanism is unknown. Compared with control HUVECs, VEGF-induced phosphorylation of phospholipase Cγ (PLCγ), c-Raf, mitogen-activated protein kinase/ERK kinase (MEK) and ERK were all inhibited in Necl-4-knockdown HUVECs...
June 7, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596919/rho-kinase-rock-as-a-potential-drug-target-for-vitreoretinal-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Muneo Yamaguchi, Shintaro Nakao, Mitsuru Arima, Iori Wada, Yoshihiro Kaizu, Feng Hao, Shigeo Yoshida, Koh-Hei Sonoda
Rho-associated kinase (Rho-kinase/ROCK) was originally identified as an effector protein of the G protein Rho. Its involvement in various diseases, particularly cancer and cardiovascular disease, has been elucidated, and ROCK inhibitors have already been applied clinically for cerebral vasospasm and glaucoma. Vitreoretinal diseases including diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and proliferative vitreoretinoapthy are still a major cause of blindness. While anti-VEGF therapy has recently been widely used for vitreoretinal disorders due to its efficacy, attention has been drawn to new unmet needs...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596120/myelin-induced-inhibition-in-a-spiral-ganglion-organ-culture-approaching-a-natural-environment-in-vitro
#16
Benedikt Kramer, Anke Tropitzsch, Marcus Müller, Hubert Löwenheim
The performance of a cochlear implant depends on the defined interaction between afferent neurons of the spiral ganglion and the inserted electrode. Neurite outgrowth can be induced by neurotrophins such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) via tropomyosin kinase receptor B (TrkB). However, neurotrophin signaling through the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75) inhibits neurite outgrowth in the presence of myelin. Organotypic cultures derived from postnatal (P3-5) mice were used to study myelin-induced inhibition in the cochlear spiral ganglion...
June 14, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589995/trans-polydatin-protects-the-mouse-heart-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-inhibition-of-the-renin-angiotensin-system-ras-and-rho-kinase-rock-activity
#17
Dong Ming, Liao Songyan, Chen Yawen, Zheng Na, Ma Jing, Xiao Zhaowen, Liu Ye, Ding Wa, Liu Jie
BACKGROUND: Recent studies highlighted the protective benefits of a Chinese herb extract from polygonum cuspidatum, trans-polydatin, on cardiac disease. We investigated the therapeutic effect of trans-polydatin on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury and the underlying mechanisms related to the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and RhoA kinase (ROCK) pathway. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experiments were performed on neonatal rats' ventricular myocytes that were subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation (simulated IR, SIR) and on adult mice which were subjected to left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion for 45 min followed by a one-week reperfusion...
June 7, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576007/a-dual-layer-macro-mesoporous-structured-tio2-surface-improves-the-initial-adhesion-of-osteoblast-like-cells
#18
Ranran Zhang, Tarek A Elkhooly, Qianli Huang, Xujie Liu, Xing Yang, Hao Yan, Zhiyuan Xiong, Jing Ma, Qingling Feng, Zhijian Shen
A dual-layer TiO2 surface with hierarchical macro and mesoporous structure was prepared by a combinational approach of micro-arc oxidation followed by evaporation-induced self-assembly of nano-crystallites. The mesoporous layer contains pores with an average size of <10nm and consists of anatase TiO2 nanocrystallites. The dual-layer hierarchical macro/mesoporous structured TiO2 surface improves the hydrophilicity and fibronectin adsorption ability in comparison with the sole macroporous or smooth TiO2 surface...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575410/enhanced-endothelin-1-rho-kinase-signaling-and-coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-in-hypertensive-myocardial-hypertrophy
#19
Shu-Huai Tsai, Guangrong Lu, Xin Xu, Yi Ren, Travis W Hein, Lih Kuo
Aims: Hypertensive cardiac hypertrophy is associated with reduced coronary flow reserve, but its impact on coronary flow regulation and vasomotor function remains incompletely understood and requires further investigation. Methods and results: Left ventricular hypertrophy was induced in mice by transverse aortic coarctation (TAC) for 4 weeks. The left coronary artery blood velocity (LCABV) and myocardium lactate level were measured following the metabolic activation by isoproterenol...
May 29, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565795/1-25-oh-2d3-and-its-analogue-bxl-628-inhibit-high-glucose-induced-activation-of-rhoa-rock-pathway-in-hk-2-cells
#20
Wei Zhang, Bin Yi, Ke Zhang, Aimei Li, Shikun Yang, Jing Huang, Jishi Liu, Hao Zhang
It has previously been reported that 1,25-(OH)2D3 inhibits high glucose-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in HK-2 cells. However, the mechanism of this renoprotective action remains unclear. Elocalcitol (BXL-628), a vitamin D analog, has been suggested to be effective on the RhoA/Rho associated protein kinase (ROCK) pathway, which serves a crucial role in high glucose-induced EMT. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of 1,25-(OH)2D3 and its analogue BXL-628 on high glucose-induced activation of the RhoA/ROCK pathway in human renal proximal tubular cells...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
keyword
keyword
85433
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"