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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188945/assessment-of-clinical-teachers-professionalism-in-iran-from-residents-and-fellowships-perspective
#1
Sima Garshasbi, Hamidollah Bahador, Nahid Fakhraei, Abolfazl Farbod, Maryam Mohammadi, Soleiman Ahmady, Seyed Hassan Emami Razavi
In the present study, professional conduct of clinical teachers in Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Iran was assessed by their residents (n=292) and fellowships (n=48) using a standard questioner called self-reported measurement equipment. This evaluation was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Professionalism was questioned in four domains including clinical teacher-patient, clinical teacher-student, inter-professional and clinical teacher-self relationships. Accordingly, mean scores of the teachers in cases of clinical teacher-patient; clinical teacher-student, inter-professional (teamwork) and clinical teacher-self relations were 61%, 62...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186433/production-of-monoclonal-antibody-against-excretory-secretory-antigen-of-fasciola-hepatica-and-evaluation-of-its-efficacy-in-the-diagnosis-of-fascioliasis
#2
Samaneh Abdolahi Khabisi, Bahador Sarkari, Abdolali Moshfe, Sedigheh Jalali
Parasitological methods are not helpful for the diagnosis of fascioliasis in acute and invasive periods of the disease. Detection of coproantigens seems to be a suitable alternative approach in the diagnosis of fascioliasis. The present study aimed to develop a reliable antigen detection system, using monoclonal antibodies raised against excretory-secretory (ES) antigen of Fasciola hepatica, for the diagnosis of fascioliasis. Fasciola adult worms were collected from the bile ducts of infected animals. Species of the fluke was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP-PCR)...
February 10, 2017: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184326/does-endurance-training-compensate-for-neurotrophin-deficiency-following-diabetic-neuropathy
#3
Rasoul Eslami, Reza Gharakhanlou, Abdolreza Kazemi, Amir Bahador Dakhili, Ghazaleh Sorkhkamanzadeh, Ayob Sheikhy
BACKGROUND: A lack of neurotrophic support is believed to contribute to the development of diabetic neuropathy. On the other hand, neurotrophins have consistently been shown to increase in the central and peripheral nervous system following exercise, but the effects of exercise intervention on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) in diabetic neuropathy are not understood. OBJECTIVES: This experimental study was designed and carried out at the Tarbiat Modares university (TMU) in Tehran, Iran, to investigate the hypothesis that increased activity as endurance training can help to increase the endogenous expression of neurotrophins in diabetic rats...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144463/drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-induced-by-valproic-acid-a-case-report
#4
Mahboubeh Darban, Bahador Bagheri
INTRODUCTION: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a rare but life-threatening reaction to drugs such as carbamazepine and allopurinol. The condition is characterized by skin rashes, fever, hematological disturbances, lymphadenopathy, and organ failure, most probably hepatic dysfunction. To date, only a few cases of valproate-induced DRESS syndrome have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on the case of a 60-year-old man who had been treated with valproic acid some time before being referred to Kowsar Hospital, Semnan, Iran in December 2015...
September 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137509/plasmid-borne-carbapenem-hydrolyzing-class-d-%C3%AE-lactamases-chdls-and-adeabc-efflux-pump-conferring-carbapenem-tigecycline-resistance-among-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolates-harboring-tnabars
#5
Mohammad Savari, Alireza Ekrami, Saeed Shoja, Abbas Bahador
Here we studied the prevalence and mechanisms of simultaneous resistance to carbapenem and tigecycline and accumulation of resistance determinants reservoirs in genome of Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) clinical isolates. Susceptibility of the isolates were measured to 18 antimicrobial agents. Genetic diversity of the microbial population was determined using the International Clonal lineage typing (IC typing), multiple locus VNTR analysis (MLVA) and plasmid profiling methods. To detect the AbaRs, Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing Class D β-Lactamases (CHDLs) genes, AdeABC efflux pump genes and resistance determinants, PCR was used...
January 27, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127372/clinical-and-molecular-evaluation-of-a-case-of-giant-primary-splenic-hydatid-cyst-a-case-report
#6
Bahador Sarkari, Asieh Fatemie Sfedan, Abdolali Moshfe, Samaneh Abdolahi Khabisi, Amir Savardashtaki, Farshad Hosseini, Ardavan Shahbazi
Spleen is an unusual location for hydatid cyst. Here we report a case of primary splenic hydatid cyst in a 41-yr-old Iranian woman from Yasuj, southwest of Iran. The patient had been admitted to Shahid Beheshti Hospital because of abdominal pain. Abdominal sonography revealed a hypoechoic lesion of 150 X 130 mm in the spleen, suggestive of hydatid cyst. Splenectomy was performed for the patient and surgical interventions revealed a hydatid cyst occupying most of splenic parenchyma. She was discharged on the 5 day of her operation...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127344/helminth-parasites-of-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-in-bushehr-province-southwestern-iran
#7
Majid Mansouri, Bahador Sarkari, Gholam Reza Mowlavi
BACKGROUND: Wild boars, Sus scrofa, of wide distribution considered as a potential source of zoonotic parasites. The current study aimed to assess the prevalence of helminth infections in wild boars in the Persian Gulf coastal area (Bushehr Province), Southwestern Iran. METHODS: Twenty-five wild boars, including 11 males and 14 females, were collected during a course of vertebrate pest control in the Bushehr Province, southwestern Iran in 2013. The specimen were immediately dissected and carefully searched for the parasites...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127332/effect-of-addition-of-curcumin-nanoparticles-on-antimicrobial-property-and-shear-bond-strength-of-orthodontic-composite-to-bovine-enamel
#8
Ahmad Sodagar, Abbas Bahador, Maryam Pourhajibagher, Badreddin Ahmadi, Pedram Baghaeian
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the effect of curcumin nanoparticles (curcNPs) on antimicrobial property and shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic composite to bovine enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro, experimental study, 1%, 5% and 10% curcNPs were added to Transbond XT composite. Stainless steel brackets were bonded to 48 sound bovine incisors in four groups (n=12) using composite containing 0% (control), 1%, 5% and 10% curcNPs. The bracket-tooth SBS was measured by a universal testing machine...
September 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127324/effect-of-postoperative-amoxicillin-on-early-bacterial-colonization-of-peri-implant-sulcus-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Neda Moslemi, Aysan Shahnaz, Abbas Bahador, Sepehr Torabi, Sanaa Jabbari, Zahra Alizadeh Oskouei
OBJECTIVES: With side effects of antibiotics taken into consideration, the necessity of antibiotic therapy after simple implant placement procedures is still a subject of debate and the existing literature on this topic is widely controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of postoperative amoxicillin therapy on early colonization of peri-implant sulcus after implant placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 20 patients requiring simple implant placement were randomly allocated to test or control groups and received postoperative amoxicillin or placebo, respectively...
September 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065582/bivalent-flagellin-immunotherapy-protects-mice-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infections-in-both-acute-pneumonia-and-burn-wound-models
#10
Hosein Ahmadi, Bahador Behrouz, Gholamreza Irajian, Nour Amirmozafari, Sara Naghavi
Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections are a serious challenge to therapy because of the complex pathogenesis and paucity of new effective antibiotics, thus renewing interest in antibody-based therapeutic strategies. Immunotherapy strategies typically target selected virulence factors that are expressed by the majority of clinical strains of P. aeruginosa, particularly because virulence factors mediate infection. Type a and b flagellins (flagellin a+b) of P. aeruginosa are acute virulence factors that play a major role in the establishment of infection...
January 5, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032108/faunal-distribution-and-seasonal-bio-ecology-of-naturally-infected-sand-flies-in-a-new-endemic-zoonotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-focus-of-southern-iran
#11
Kourosh Azizi, Hayedeh Parvinjahromi, Mohammad Djaefar Moemenbellah-Fard, Bahador Sarkari, Mohammad Reza Fakoorziba
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a major health problem in Iran in spite of implementation of control program. This infectious disease caused morbidity in less than 27000 people in 2010. This study was set to determine some ecological aspects of sand flies in Fasa district, Fars Province, southern Iran during 2011-2012. METHODS: A total of 4792 sand flies were captured by means of sticky paper and CDC miniature light traps in 10 selected villages from the beginning to the end of the active season, from which 1115 specimens were captured for abundance study and 3677 specimens captured for monitoring monthly activities in Fasa...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957297/perforated-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-a-3-day-old-neonate-a-case-report
#12
Mehdi Frooghi, Ali Bahador, Alireza Golchini, Mahmood Haghighat, Maryam Ataollahi, Hazhir Javaherizadeh
Perforation of Meckel's diverticulum is a rare complication in neonatal period. A 3-dayold term male neonate was transferred to our emergency room due to bowel perforation. Surgical exploration was done and perforated Meckel's diverticulum was detected. Pathological report of the tissue showed inflamed diverticulum with heterotopic gastric mucosa. This is the first report of Meckel's diverticulum perforation in a neonate in our country.
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921405/thrombolytic-therapy-up-regulates-inflammatory-mediators-compared-to-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-pci
#13
Alireza Garjani, Bahram Sohrabi, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Sina Andalib, Mehriar Shokri, Bahar Taherkhanchi, Bahador Bagheri
The important role of reperfusion therapies in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction is well documented. However, reperfusion therapies can initiate inflammatory response and may damage the myocardium. The purpose of current study was to compare the effects of percutaneous coronary intervention and thrombolytic therapy on inflammatory markers in the setting of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Eighty three patients with STEMI were enrolled in this study. 40 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and 43 patients received streptokinase (1...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904603/prevalence-of-nontuberculous-mycobacteria-isolated-from-environmental-samples-in-iran-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Azad Khaledi, Abbas Bahador, Davood Esmaeili, Alireza Tafazoli, Kiarash Ghazvini, Davood Mansury
BACKGROUND: While the most nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTMs) species are considered as opportunistic pathogens, some of them are related to several human infections. It is believed that environment is the main source for these infections. Distribution and scattering pattern of NTMs has not been well studied in Iran and a few studies about this subject have been done, so the aim of this study was to determine prevalence of NTMs in environmental samples from Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data about prevalence of NTMs in environmental samples from Iran were obtained by searching databases...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890593/evaluation-of-the-crystal-structure-of-a-fimbrillin-fima-from-porphyromonas-gingivalis-as-a-therapeutic-target-for-photo-activated-disinfection-with-toluidine-blue-o
#15
Maryam Pourhajibagher, Abbas Bahador
BACKGROUND: Porphyromonas gingivalis is one of the etiological agents in the initiation of combined periodontal-endodontic (perio-endo) lesions. Successful treatment of perio-endo lesions with photo-activated disinfection (PAD) as a novel therapeutic approach depends on the selection of an appropriate target site, specific photosensitizer (PS), and wavelength of light. Since the fimbrillin (FimA) is the most important pathogenic agent in P. gingivalis it was evaluated as a target site against PAD with toluidine blue O (TBO) as a PS...
November 23, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884121/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-intestinal-protozoan-infections-a-population-based-study-in-rural-areas-of-boyer-ahmad-district-southwestern-iran
#16
Bahador Sarkari, Ghasem Hosseini, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Mohammad Fararouei, Abdolali Moshfe
BACKGROUND: Parasitic infections are still a significant health problem in rural areas in developing countries including Iran. There is no recent population-based data about the prevalence of human intestinal parasites in most rural areas of Iran. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal protozoan infection in inhabitants of rural areas of Boyer-Ahmad district, Southwestern Iran. METHODS: A total of 1025 stool samples were collected from the inhabitant of 50 randomly selected villages in Boyer-Ahmad Township...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875149/visualization-by-demonstration-an-interaction-paradigm-for-visual-data-exploration
#17
Bahador Saket, Hannah Kim, Eli T Brown, Alex Endert
Although data visualization tools continue to improve, during the data exploration process many of them require users to manually specify visualization techniques, mappings, and parameters. In response, we present the Visualization by Demonstration paradigm, a novel interaction method for visual data exploration. A system which adopts this paradigm allows users to provide visual demonstrations of incremental changes to the visual representation. The system then recommends potential transformations (Visual Representation, Data Mapping, Axes, and View Specification transformations) from the given demonstrations...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871827/asymptomatic-infection-with-mycoplasma-hominis-negatively-affects-semen-parameters-and-leads-to-male-infertility-as-confirmed-by-improved-semen-parameters-after-antibiotic-treatment
#18
Mohammad Hossein Ahmadi, Akbar Mirsalehian, Mohammad Ali Sadighi Gilani, Abbas Bahador, Malihe Talebi
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the association between asymptomatic infections caused by Mycoplasma hominis and male infertility and to evaluate the role of antibiotic therapy in the treatment of this failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 165 infertile men having abnormal semen parameters (study group) as well as 165 healthy fertile men (control group) were included in this study. Semen samples were taken from all participants and, after analyzing for semen parameters, real-time polymerase chain reaction, microbial culture, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) as well as total antioxidant capacity (TAC) assays were performed...
November 18, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847411/zoonotic-intestinal-protozoan-of-the-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-in-persian-gulf-s-coastal-area-bushehr-province-southwestern-iran
#19
Kambiz Yaghoobi, Bahador Sarkari, Majid Mansouri, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian
AIM: Wild boars, Sus scrofa, are potential reservoirs of many zoonotic diseases, and there are a possibility of transmission of the zoonotic diseases from these animals to humans and also domestic animals. This study aimed to evaluate the protozoan contamination of wild boars in the Persian Gulf's coastal area (Bushehr Province), southwestern Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 crossbred boars were collected during a course of vertebrate pest control in Bushehr province, in 2013...
October 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836762/passive-immunization-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-recombinant-pila-in-a-murine-burn-wound-model
#20
Mehdi Mousavi, Bahador Behrouz, Gholamreza Irajian, Mehdi Mahdavi, Fatemeh Korpi, Mohammad Motamedifar
Pseudomonas aeruginosa type IV pili have an essential role in twitching motility, colonization and biofilm formation. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of intraperitoneal administration of rabbit anti-recombinant PilA (anti-r-PilA) immunoglobulin G (IgG) against P. aeruginosa infection in a mouse burn-wound model. After burn and infection, mortality rate was assessed in all mice, and that of mice passively immunized with rabbit anti-r-PilA IgG was compared to non-immunized mice. Bacterial quantities in the skin and internal organs were measured to determine the level of systemic infection...
December 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
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