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Leili Beytollahi, Maryam Pourhajibagher, Nasim Chiniforush, Roghayeh Ghorbanzadeh, Reza Raoofian, Babak Pourakbari, Bahador Abbas
BACKGROUND: The alternative antibacterial treatments of photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) significantly affect microbiota inactivation. The aim of the present research was the assessment of the antimicrobial and anti-biofilm effects of PDT with toluidine blue O (TBO) and PTT with indocyanine green (ICG) on Streptococcus mutans as a cariogenic bacterium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The S. mutans ATCC 35668 strain was treated with final concentrations of 0...
October 18, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Maryam Pourhajibagher, Nasim Chiniforush, Roghayeh Ghorbanzadeh, Abbas Bahador
BACKGROUND: Photo-activated disinfection (PAD) is a novel treatment approach, in which bacteria in the root canal system may be exposed to sub-lethal doses of PAD. Such exposure can affect bacterial survival and virulence features, such as biofilm formation ability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sub-lethal doses of PAD (sPAD) using indocyanine green (ICG) on load and biofilm formation ability of Porphyromonas gingivalis as an anaerobic bacterium associated with endodontic infection...
October 12, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Maryam Pourhajibagher, Abbas Bahador
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a polymicrobial, chronic, and degenerative disease that can lead to destruction of the teeth-supporting tissues and eventually to loss of teeth. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is predominantly associated with periodontal diseases. Outer membrane protein (Omp) 100 is a more important virulence factor of A. actinomycetemcomitans due to the effect of adhesion and invasion into human gingival epithelial cells. Attachment of A. actinomycetemcomitans inhibition is significant in the treatment process...
September 30, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Babak Pourakbari, Shima Mahmoudi, Amir Hossein Jafari, Abbas Bahador, Sepideh Keshavarz Valian, Reihaneh Hosseinpour Sadeghi, Setareh Mamishi
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse lung diseases (DLD) in children involve a group of heterogeneous, rare disorders. In spite of the low diagnostic yield in pediatric DLD, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) can be used to diagnose specific disorders. There are few studies about microbial and cellular profiles of BAL samples in these patients. This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical, cytological and microbiological evaluation of BAL in children with DLD. METHODS: The clinical, cytological and microbiological profiles of BAL samples of all patients with DLD who underwent the fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) at Children's Medical Center, an Iranian referral pediatrics Hospital during a year were evaluated...
September 22, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Nasim Chiniforush, Maryam Pourhajibagher, Steven Parker, Sima Shahabi, Abbas Bahador
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of washing and non-washing of indocyanine green (ICG) as photosensitizer (PS) on bacterial count, biofilm formation, development and degradation of Enterococcus faecalis. METHODS: The anti-bacterial, anti-biofilm formation, anti-biofilm development and biofilm degradation of anti-microbial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) against E. faecalis was determined at concentrations of 3 to 2000μg/mL of ICG, subject to 18J/cm(2) dose of diode laser (808nm) in washing and non-washing producers...
September 15, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Maryam Pourhajibagher, Nasim Chiniforush, Reza Raoofian, Babak Pourakbari, Roghayeh Ghorbanzadeh, Farzaneh Bazarjani, Abbas Bahador
BACKGROUND: Eradication or suppression of microbial pathogens is a major goal in endodontic infection therapy. Sub-lethal doses of photo-activated disinfection (sPAD) as a new treatment method would be able to the microorganisms involved in endodontic infections normally treated with PAD. This study evaluated the effect of sPAD using methylene blue (MB) in combination with diode laser irradiation on the growth and biofilm formation ability of Porphyromonas gingivalis as an endodontic pathogen...
September 14, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
A Partoazar, N Kianvash, M H Darvishi, S Nasoohi, S M Rezayat, A Bahador
Background: Curcumin is well known in biomedical investigations with an extensive antimicrobial properties and wound repair effect. However, clinical criteria recommend curcumin should be formulated for topical medication. Material and method: In this study, we prepared Ethosomal curcumin (Etho-cur) formulation for wound healing and bacterial flora assessments in treated rats which were subjected to second degree burn under a standard procedure. Results: Applying once daily of Etho-cur (0.2%) topically on rat's dorsal for 14 days significantly recovered main aspects of wound repair including re-epithelization (P<0...
September 14, 2016: Drug Research
Reza Bahador, Ahmadreza Mirbolook, Sara Arbab, Pooya Derakhshan, Amirmohammad Gholizadeh, Sadegh Abedi
BACKGROUND: Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) syndrome is a multifactorial disorder with clinical features of neurogenic inflammation that causes hypersensitivity to pain or severe allodynia as well as blood flow problems, swelling, skin discoloration and maladaptive neuroplasticity due to vasomotor disorders. Patients with major trauma are prone to homeostasis leading to inflammatory response syndrome and multiple organ distress syndrome. Several studies have investigated the etiology of this condition, but the cause remains unknown...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
Nima Khalighinejad, Bahador Bahrami, Emilie A Caspar, Patrick Haggard
The sense of controlling one's own actions is fundamental to normal human mental function, and also underlies concepts of social responsibility for action. However, it remains unclear how the wider social context of human action influences sense of agency. Using a simple experimental design, we investigated, for the first time, how observing the action of another person or a robot could potentially influence one's own sense of agency. We assessed how observing another's action might change the perceived temporal relationship between one's own voluntary actions and their outcomes, which has been proposed as an implicit measure of sense of agency...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Bahador Behrouz, Nour Amirmozafari, Nima Khoramabadi, Mahboobeh Bahroudi, Parisa Legaee, Mehdi Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important opportunistic human pathogen that causes serious infections in immunocompromised hosts. The single polar flagellum is an important factor in both virulence and colonization. OBJECTIVES: As flagellin is the major component of the flagellar filament, the main aims of the present study are to identify, clone, express, and purify the recombinant type B flagellin (r-B-flagellin) of P. aeruginosa, as well as to evaluate the functional activity of the rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against this r-B-flagellin...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Khalil Eskandari, Bahador Karami
Catalytic reaction between barbituric acid (or N,N-dimethyl barbituric acid), 4-hydroxycoumarin, and a wide range of aryl aldehydes by employing titanium dioxide nanowires (TiO2 NWs) is described which led efficiently to obtain 12 newly prepared products successfully. Starting materials in the presence of catalytic amounts of TiO2 NWs as a key factor were condensed together via three C-C bond formation to obtain target products. This procedure profits some advantages such as an efficient, environmental safety and high recyclability of nano-catalyst...
September 7, 2016: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Maryam Pourhajibagher, Nasim Chiniforush, Reza Raoofian, Roghayeh Ghorbanzadeh, Sima Shahabi, Abbas Bahador
BACKGROUND: Microorganisms treated by photo-activated disinfection (PAD) in combined periodontal-endodontic (perio-endo) lesions would be exposed to sub-lethal doses of PAD (sPAD). This study evaluated the effect of sPAD using toluidine blue O (TBO) in combination with diode laser irradiation on the growth and biofilm-formation ability of Porphyromonas gingivalis as an endo-periodontal pathogen. METHODS: The antibacterial and antibiofilm potential of sPAD against P...
September 1, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Shahriar Sepahvand, Monir Doudi, Mohammad Ali Davarpanah, Abbas Bahador, Mehranoosh Ahmadi
Acinetobacter baumanni is known as a worldwide emerging nosocomial infections and it is classified as one of the six dangerous microorganisms by Diseases Society of America. Multi drug-resistant strains of A. baumannii have been reported in recent decades, which may be a result of the high use of antimicrobial agents. Colistin is the last form of treatment against this organism. The presence of pmrA and pmrB genes in A. baumannii causes the resistance of this organism against Colistin. This cross-sectional study was performed on 100 samples of A...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Bahram Kazemi, Bahador Shahriari, Mojgan Bandehpour, Khadijeh Khanaliha
BACKGROUND: The coccidian protozoa Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite of humans and other warm-blooded animals. Diagnosis of toxoplasmosis is of considerable medical importance for human, especially pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals. The apply of an Escherichia coli recombinant antigen(s) would be significantly useful in developing standardization of the diagnostic tests and reducing their costs. In this study, immunoreactivity of recombinant SAG3 against sera from immunized mice and human anti-T...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Mohammad Akrami, Saeed Balalaie, Saman Hosseinkhani, Mohsen Alipour, Fahimeh Salehi, Abbas Bahador, Ismaeil Haririan
Pro-apoptotic peptides induce intrinsic apoptosis pathway in cancer cells. However, poor cellular penetration of the peptides is often associated with limited therapeutic efficacy. In this report, a series of peptide-gold nanoparticle platforms were developed to evaluate the anticancer activity of a novel alpha-lipoic acid-peptide conjugate, LA-WKRAKLAK, with respect to size and shape of nanoparticles. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were found to enhance cell internalization as well as anticancer activity of the peptide conjugates...
2016: Scientific Reports
Niccolo Pescetelli, Geraint Rees, Bahador Bahrami
When deciding whether or not to bring an umbrella to work, your confidence will be influenced by the sky outside the window (direct evidence) as well as by, for example, whether or not people walking in the street have their own umbrella (indirect or contingent evidence). These 2 distinct aspects of decision confidence have not yet been assessed independently within the same framework. Here we study the relative contributions of stimulus-specific and social-contingent information on confidence formation. Dyads of participants made visual perceptual decisions, first individually and then together by sharing their wagers in their decisions...
August 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Maryam Pourhajibagher, Ebrahim Boluki, Nasim Chiniforush, Babak Pourakbari, Zahra Farshadzadeh, R Ghorbanzadeh, Masoud Aziemzadeh, Abbas Bahador
INTRODUCTION: Widespread resistance to antimicrobial agents has led to a dearth of therapeutic choices in treating Acinetobacter baumannii infections, leading to new strategies for treatment being needed. We evaluated the effects of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as an alternative antimicrobial modality on the virulence features of cell-surviving PDT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To determine the sublethal PDT (sPDT), a colistin-resistant, extensively drug-resistant A. baumannii (CR-XDR-AB) clinical isolate and A...
September 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Najmeh Alaei, Masoud Aziemzadeh, Abbas Bahador
In this study, antimicrobial resistance patterns, carbapenemase production, carbapenem-hydrolysing class D OXA-type β-lactamase (CHDL)-encoding genes and ISAba insertion elements were characterised in Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from Southern Iran. A total of 85 A. baumannii isolates from patients in a tertiary care hospital were isolated. Antibiotic susceptibility profiles to 14 antimicrobials were determined by disc diffusion assay. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to colistin and tigecycline were determined by the broth microdilution method...
June 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Abbas Zare Banadkoki, Morteza Keshavarzmehr, Zahra Afshar, Neda Aleyasin, Mohammad Javad Fatemi, Bahador Behrouz, Farhad B Hashemi
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important opportunistic human pathogen that causes a wide variety of severe nosocomial infections. Type IV pili of P. aeruginosa are made up of polymerized pilin that aids in bacterial adhesion, biofilm formation and twitching motility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of alum and naloxone (alum+NLX) as an adjuvant for P. aeruginosa recombinant PilA (r-PilA) as a vaccine candidate in the improvement of humoral and cellular immunity. Primary immunization with r-PilA in combination with alum+NLX followed by two booster shots was sufficient to generate robust cellular and humoral responses, which were Th1 and Th2 type responses consisting of IgG1 and IgG2a subtypes...
September 2016: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
M Pourhajibagher, A Bahador
Bakground: Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate, intracellular, gram-negative bacterium that causes sexually transmitted infections. The outer membrane protein PorB is a conserved chlamydial protein that functions as a porin and is a target for neutralizing antibodies (Abs); thus, making it important for vaccine development. Methods: We used an in silico strategy and homology modeling algorithms and focused on PorB of C. trachomatis and explained its characterization with the help of bioinformatic tools to introduce it as a candidate for novel drug and vaccine design...
July 13, 2016: Drug Research
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