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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632050/effects-of-turf-and-cleat-footwear-on-plantar-load-distributions-in-adolescent-american-football-players-during-resisted-pushing
#1
Jeffrey B Taylor, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Janet R Griffin, Kevin R Ford
Metatarsal and midfoot injuries are common in American football. Footwear design may influence injury rates by altering plantar foot loading patterns in these regions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cleat design on in-shoe plantar foot loading during a football-specific, resisted pushing task. Twenty competitive football players (age 14.7 ± 1.8 years, height 1.72 ± 0.10 m, and mass 71.8 ± 26.9 kg) completed three trials of pushing a weighted sled at maximal effort in a standard shoe (CLEAT) and artificial turf-specific shoe (TURF), with flexible in-shoe force measuring insoles...
February 28, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631221/effects-of-gas-condition-on-acetic-acid-fermentation-by-clostridium-thermocellum-and-moorella-thermoacetica-c-thermoaceticum
#2
Harifara Rabemanolontsoa, Dung Van Nguyen, Piradee Jusakulvjit, Shiro Saka
Fermentation with acetogens can be affected by cultivation gas phase, but to date, there is not enough evidence on that matter for Clostridium thermocellum and Moorella thermoacetica. In this work, the effects of sparged CO2 as well as sparged and non-sparged N2 on these microorganisms were studied using glucose and cellobiose as substrates. It was revealed that sparged CO2 and non-sparged N2 supported growth and acetic acid production by C. thermocellum and M. thermoacetica, while sparged N2 inhibited both of the microorganisms...
June 19, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629967/isolation-of-fungi-from-dung-of-wild-herbivores-for-application-in-bioethanol-production
#3
Rhulani Makhuvele, Ignatious Ncube, Elbert Lukas Jansen van Rensburg, Daniël Coenrad La Grange
Producing biofuels such as ethanol from non-food plant material has the potential to meet transportation fuel requirements in many African countries without impacting directly on food security. The current shortcomings in biomass processing are inefficient fermentation of plant sugars, such as xylose, especially at high temperatures, lack of fermenting microbes that are able to resist inhibitors associated with pre-treated plant material and lack of effective lignocellulolytic enzymes for complete hydrolysis of plant polysaccharides...
June 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626837/the-histogenesis-of-ewing-sarcoma
#4
Jian Tu, Zijun Huo, Julian Gingold, Ruiying Zhao, Jingnan Shen, Dung-Fang Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Cancer Rep Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619105/patterns-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-a-study-in-vietnam
#5
Giang M Tran, Thao P Ho-Le, Duc T Ha, Chau H Tran-Nguyen, Tuyet S M Nguyen, Thao T N Pham, Tuyet A Nguyen, Dung A Nguyen, Hoa Q Hoang, Ngoc V Tran, Tuan V Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance has emerged as a major concern in developing countries. The present study sought to define the pattern of antimicrobial resistance in ICU patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia. METHODS: Between November 2014 and September 2015, we enrolled 220 patients (average age ~ 71 yr) who were admitted to ICU in a major tertiary hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Data concerning demographic characteristics and clinical history were collected from each patient...
June 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617349/investigation-of-acute-pulmonary-deficits-associated-with-biomass-fuel-cookstove-emissions-in-rural-bangladesh
#6
Danielle N Medgyesi, Heather A Holmes, Jeff E Angermann
The use of solid biomass fuels in cookstoves has been associated with chronic health impacts that disproportionately affect women worldwide. Solid fuel stoves that use wood, plant matter, and cow dung are commonly used for household cooking in rural Bangladesh. This study investigates the immediate effects of acute elevated cookstove emission exposures on pulmonary function. Pulmonary function was measured with spirometry before and during cooking to assess changes in respiratory function during exposure to cookstove emissions for 15 females ages 18-65...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614629/land-use-strategies-to-balance-livestock-production-biodiversity-conservation-and-carbon-storage-in-yucat%C3%A3-n-mexico
#7
David R Williams, Fredy Alvarado, Rhys E Green, Andrea Manica, Ben Phalan, Andrew Balmford
Balancing the production of food, particularly meat, with preserving biodiversity and maintaining ecosystem services is a major societal challenge. Research into the contrasting strategies of land sparing and land sharing has suggested that land sparing - combining high-yield agriculture with protection or restoration of natural habitats on non-farmed land - will have lower environmental impacts than other strategies. Ecosystems with long histories of habitat disturbance, however, could be resilient to low-yield agriculture and thus fare better under land sharing...
June 14, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610303/type-specimens-and-names-assigned-to-coprophanaeus-megaphanaeus-d-olsoufieff-1924-the-largest-new-world-dung-beetles-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-phanaeini
#8
Maria E Maldaner, Mario Cupello, Daniela C Ferreira, Fernando Z Vaz-DE-Mello
Currently 13 species-group names assigned to the subgenus Megaphanaeus of Coprophanaeus are deemed available (or 'potentially available'), four of which denote valid species. In the present work we review the nomenclatural history of those names and conclude that two of them, Scarabaeus satelles Lichtenstein, 1796 and Copris ajax Sturm, 1826, are unavailable. For the other 11 names, we found type specimens of five, Scarabaeus bellicosus Olivier, 1789, Copris ensifer Germar, 1821, Phanaeus septentrionalis Pêssoa, 1934, P...
May 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606328/influence-of-physical-and-chemical-factors-on-the-embryonation-hatching-and-infectivity-of-spirocerca-lupi
#9
Alicia Rojas, Niva Freedberg, Alex Markovics, Yuval Gottlieb, Gad Baneth
Spirocerca lupi is a parasitic nematode which causes spirocercosis, a severe disease of dogs. Its life cycle involves dung beetles as intermediate hosts and canids as definitive hosts. The effect of different physical conditions and chemical factors on the embryonation and hatching of S. lupi eggs were investigated in this study in order to understand the triggers for progression in the early development of this parasite. Exposure to potassium dichromate significantly enhanced the embryonation of eggs compared to formaldehyde and controls (p<0...
August 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602662/biomethanation-macrodynamics-of-vegetable-residues-pretreated-by-low-frequency-microwave-irradiation
#10
Sanmooga Savoo, Ackmez Mudhoo
The effects of microwave irradiation on the digestibility and biogas production of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) and cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) leaves were investigated using biochemical methane potential (BMP) assays. Cow dung was utilised as inoculum. Different microwave powers (87.5, 175 and 350W) were applied in a first set of runs for 15min. The second set consisted of 20, 25 and 30min irradiation at 350W. Based on ANOVA analysis (α=0.05), biogas production was significantly higher for the irradiated substrates compared to controls...
June 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601629/nasogastric-tube-placement-with-video-guided-laryngoscope-a-manikin-simulator-study
#11
Xiao-Lun Lee, Li-Chun Yeh, Yau-Dung Jin, Chun-Chih Chen, Ming-Ho Lee, Ping-Wun Huang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate video-guided laryngoscopy for nasogastric tube placement. METHODS: This was an observational comparative study performed in a hospital. The participants included volunteers from the medical staff (physicians and nurses) experienced with nasogastric intubation, and non-medical staff (medical students, pharmacists and emergent medical technicians) with knowledge of nasogastric intubation but lacking procedural experience...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599321/first-detection-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-o-ind-2001d-in-vietnam
#12
Le T Vu, Ngo T Long, Barbara Brito, Carolina Stenfeldt, Nguyen T Phuong, Bui H Hoang, Steven J Pauszek, Ethan J Hartwig, George R Smoliga, Pham P Vu, Le T V Quang, Vo V Hung, Nguyen D Tho, Pham V Dong, Phan Q Minh, Miranda Bertram, Ian H Fish, Luis L Rodriguez, Do H Dung, Jonathan Arzt
In recent years, foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotype O, topotype Middle East-South Asia (ME-SA), lineage Ind-2001d has spread from the Indian subcontinent to the Middle East, North Africa, and Southeast Asia. In the current report, we describe the first detection of this lineage in Vietnam in May, 2015 in Đắk Nông province. Three subsequent outbreaks caused by genetically related viruses occurred between May-October, 2015 after which the virus was not detected in clinical outbreaks for at least 15 subsequent months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599193/organic-and-inorganic-speciation-of-particulate-matter-formed-during-different-combustion-phases-in-an-improved-cookstove
#13
Anna Leavey, Sameer Patel, Raul Martinez, Dhruv Mitroo, Claire Fortenberry, Michael Walker, Brent Williams, Pratim Biswas
Residential solid fuel combustion in cookstoves has established health impacts including bladder and lung cancers, cataracts, low birth weight, and pneumonia. The chemical composition of particulate matter (PM) from 4 commonly-used solid fuels (coal, dung, ambient/dry applewood, and oakwood pellets), emitted from a gasifier cookstove, as well as propane, were examined. Temporal changes between the different cookstove burn-phases were also explored. Normalized concentrations of non-refractory PM1, total organics, chloride, ammonium, nitrate, sulfate, and 41 particle-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured using a High-Resolution Time-of-Flight Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS) and a Thermal desorption Aerosol Gas chromatograph (TAG), respectively...
June 6, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597658/layer-control-of-tubular-graphene-for-corrosion-inhibition-of-nickel-wires
#14
An T Nguyen, Wei-Cheng Lai, Bao Dong To, Duc Dung Nguyen, Ya-Ping Hsieh, Mario Hofmann, Hung-Chih Kan, Chia Chen Hsu
Corrosion protection of complex surface is an active area of research due to its importance to commercial applications such as electrochemical fabrication. However, conventional coatings exhibit limited conductivity, thermal stability, and durability and are thus not suitable. Recent work has shown the potential of graphene, a two-dimensional carbon allotrope, for corrosion pro-tection. The studies, however, limited themselves to simple planar geometries that provide limited insight in the applicability to relevant morphologies, such as mesh electrodes and roughened surfaces...
June 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596308/mismatch-repair-deficiency-predicts-response-of-solid-tumors-to-pd-1-blockade
#15
Dung T Le, Jennifer N Durham, Kellie N Smith, Hao Wang, Bjarne R Bartlett, Laveet K Aulakh, Steve Lu, Holly Kemberling, Cara Wilt, Brandon S Luber, Fay Wong, Nilofer S Azad, Agnieszka A Rucki, Dan Laheru, Ross Donehower, Atif Zaheer, George A Fisher, Todd S Crocenzi, James J Lee, Tim F Greten, Austin G Duffy, Kristen K Ciombor, Aleksandra D Eyring, Bao H Lam, Andrew Joe, S Peter Kang, Matthias Holdhoff, Ludmila Danilova, Leslie Cope, Christian Meyer, Shibin Zhou, Richard M Goldberg, Deborah K Armstrong, Katherine M Bever, Amanda N Fader, Janis Taube, Franck Housseau, David Spetzler, Nianqing Xiao, Drew M Pardoll, Nickolas Papadopoulos, Kenneth W Kinzler, James R Eshleman, Bert Vogelstein, Robert A Anders, Luis A Diaz
The genomes of cancers deficient in mismatch repair (MMR) contain exceptionally high numbers of somatic mutations. In a proof-of-concept study, we previously showed that colorectal cancers with MMR deficiency were sensitive to immune checkpoint blockade with anti-PD-1 antibodies. We have expanded this study to now evaluate efficacy of PD-1 blockade in patients with advanced MMR-deficient cancers across 12 different tumor types. Objective radiographic responses were observed in 53% of patients and complete responses were achieved in 21% of patients...
June 8, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593821/the-effects-of-cleaning-disinfecting-agents-on-biogas-production-in-the-anaerobic-digestion-of-cow-dung-slurry
#16
Gbolabo A Ogunwande, Ademola I Adeleye, Idris O Nureni, Oluwaseyi Omidiora
Cleaning/disinfecting agents (CDA) are compounds known to affect the growth of microbes and could have impacts on biogas production in a digester. In this study, three commonly used CDAs (harpic, hypo and izal) in livestock pens and slaughter houses were applied at different digestion stages and concentrations to cow dung (CD) slurry with the aim of determining their effects on biogas production. Three application stages (early addition, late addition and graduated addition) were carried out for each CDA and a CD treatment with no CDA applied was set up as the control...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581783/particle-hole-duality-in-the-lowest-landau-level
#17
Dung Xuan Nguyen, Tankut Can, Andrey Gromov
We derive a number of exact relations between response functions of holomorphic, chiral fractional quantum Hall states and their particle-hole (PH) conjugates. These exact relations allow one to calculate the Hall conductivity, Hall viscosity, various Berry phases, and the static structure factor of PH conjugate states from the corresponding properties of the original states. These relations establish a precise duality between chiral quantum Hall states and their PH conjugates. The key ingredient in the proof of the relations is a generalization of Girvin's construction of PH-conjugate states to inhomogeneous magnetic field and curvature...
May 19, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576858/inflammatory-arthritis-a-newly-recognized-adverse-event-of-immune-checkpoint-blockade
#18
Jarushka Naidoo, Laura C Cappelli, Patrick M Forde, Kristen A Marrone, Evan J Lipson, Hans J Hammers, William H Sharfman, Dung T Le, Alan N Baer, Ami A Shah, Jemima Albayda, Rebecca L Manno, Uzma Haque, Anna Kristina Gutierrez, Clifton O Bingham, Julie R Brahmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572013/comparison-of-in-vitro-toxicological-effects-of-biomass-smoke-from-different-sources-of-animal-dung
#19
Claire E McCarthy, Parker F Duffney, Jeffrey D Wyatt, Thomas H Thatcher, Richard P Phipps, Patricia J Sime
Worldwide, over 4 million premature deaths each year are attributed to the burning of biomass fuels for cooking and heating. Epidemiological studies associate household air pollution with lung diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and respiratory infections. Animal dung, a biomass fuel used by economically vulnerable populations, generates more toxic compounds per mass burned than other biomass fuels. The type of animal dung used varies widely depending on local agro-geography...
May 30, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570699/vimentin-is-a-potential-prognostic-factor-for-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma-among-five-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-related-proteins
#20
Pei-Feng Liu, Bor-Hwang Kang, Yi-Min Wu, Ju-Hsin Sun, Liang-Ming Yen, Ting-Ying Fu, Yun-Chung Lin, Huei-Han Liou, Yaoh-Shiang Lin, Huei-Cin Sie, I-Chien Hsieh, Yu-Kai Tseng, Chih-Wen Shu, Yao-Dung Hsieh, Luo-Ping Ger
We aimed to investigate the association of the expression levels of five epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins (Snail, Twist, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and Vimentin) with tumorigenesis, pathologic parameters and prognosis in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) patients by immunohistochemistry of tissue microarray. The expression levels of Snail, E-cadherin, N-cadherin and Vimentin were significantly different between the tumor adjacent normal and tumor tissues. In tumor tissues, lower E-cadherin and higher N-cadherin levels were associated with a higher grade of cell differentiation, advanced stage of disease, and lymph node metastasis...
2017: PloS One
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