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John P Micha, Dung H Nguyen, Bram H Goldstein
Introduction: Lower-extremity lymphedema is a significant complication attributed to gynecologic cancer surgery, potentially effectuating severe edema and discernible pain. Case report: We report on a patient who developed persistent, lower-extremity lymphedema following her treatment for cervix cancer. Despite repeated efforts to manage the lymphedema with conventional measures, the patient's condition had not markedly improved. Thereafter, she underwent a suction-assisted lipectomy that effectively resolved her symptoms...
February 2018: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Korai M Safar, Mahar R Bux, Uqaili M Aslam, Bhattacharjee A Shankar, Ramesh K Goel
This study analyzes the feasibility of putrescible components of municipal solid waste (PCMSW) such as food waste (FW) and yard waste (YW) for methane production in Pakistan. The batch experiments have been conducted at two different inoculums to substrate ratios (ISRs) by using various inoculums under mesophilic condition. The highest methane yield of FW and YW is achieved to be 428 Nml g-1 volatile solids (VS) added and 304 Nml g-1 VS added respectively by using buffalo dung inoculum at ISR-5. While, lowest methane yield of FW and YW is obtained as 236 Nml g-1 VS added and 151Nml g-1 VS added respectively by using effluent from a continuous stirrer tank reactor as inoculum at ISR-3...
January 1, 2018: Waste Management & Research
Nabam Rich, Ajay Bharti, Sunil Kumar
The source segregated vegetable waste (VW) was used as main feedstock and locally available organic wastes, such as water hyacinth (WH), garden prune (GP) and sawdust (SD) were used as bulking agents (BAs) to make the compost stable and mature in combination with cow dung (CD) as a source of inoculant. Three trials (T1, T2 & T3) were performed with a compost ratio of 6:3:1 (VW:BA:CD) using different BAs. The initial C/N ratio of all the trials was maintained lesser than 23 and composted for 30 days (7 days in rotary drum reactor + 23 days windrowing)...
December 26, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Tran Thi Dung, Yunkwang Oh, Seon-Jin Choi, Min-Kyu Oh, Moonil Kim, Il-Doo Kim
A bioelectronic nose, an intelligent chemical sensor array system coupled with bio-receptors to identify gases and vapours, resembles mammalian olfaction by which many vertebrates can sniff out volatile organic compounds (VOCs) sensitively and specifically even at very low concentrations. Olfaction is undertaken by the olfactory system, which detects odorants that are inhaled through the nose where they come into contact with the olfactory epithelium containing olfactory receptors (ORs). Because of its ability to mimic biological olfaction, a bio-inspired electronic nose has been used to detect a variety of important compounds in complex environments...
January 1, 2018: Sensors
Carrie Luu, Ram Thapa, Katherine Woo, Domenico Coppola, Khaldoun Almhanna, Jose M Pimiento, Dung-Tsa Chen, Daissy Dominguez Marquez, Pamela J Hodul
Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is associated with poor survival despite curative-intent surgical resection and systemic therapy. Our objective is to examine the impact of histology on prognosis as well as the impact of linitis plastica (LP) on survival. Methods: The GC database at a single institution was evaluated for patients who underwent resection from 2000 to 2015. Clinicopathologic characteristics were examined and descriptive statistics was used to analyze four groups of patients based on Lauren classification: intestinal (n=93), diffuse (n=20), diffuse with signet-ring cell features (n=57), and LP (n=40)...
December 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Sanjeev Kumar Awasthi, Rutu Joshi, Hiya Dhar, Shivpal Verma, Mukesh Kumar Awasthi, Sunita Varjani, Surendra Sarsaiya, Zengqiang Zhang, Sunil Kumar
Methane (CH4) production and quality were enhanced by the co-digestion of cow dung and food waste (FW) mixed with organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) under optimized conditions in bench and semi continuous-scale mode for a period of 30 days. A bacterium capable of high yield of CH4 was enriched and isolated by employing activated sewage sludge as the inoculums. The thirteen bacterial isolates were identified through morphological and biochemical tests. Gas chromatography was used to analyze the chemical compositions of the generated biogas...
December 22, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Jeremy Pettus, Dominic Reeds, Tricia Santos Cavaiola, Schafer Boeder, Michelle Levin, Gary Tobin, Edda Cava, Dung Thai, Jim Shi, Hai Yan, Edgar Bautista, John McMillan, Roger Unger, Robert R Henry, Samuel Klein
The aim of the current study was to study the efficacy and safety of REMD-477, a glucagon receptor antagonist, in type 1 diabetes. This was a randomized controlled trial in which 21 patients with type 1 diabetes were enrolled. Glycemic control and insulin use were evaluated during outpatient and inpatient settings, before and after, a single 70-mg dose of REMD-477 (half-life 7-10 days) or placebo. Inpatient insulin use was 26% (95% CI:47%,4%) lower 1 day after dosing with REMD-477 than placebo (p=0.02). Continuous glucose monitoring during post-treatment days 6-12 showed average daily glucose was 27 mg/dl lower (p<0...
December 28, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Sirjana Shrestha, Chi-Dung Yang, Hsiao-Chin Hong, Chih-Hung Chou, Chun-San Tai, Men-Yee Chiew, Wen-Liang Chen, Shun-Long Weng, Chung-Chu Chen, Yi-An Chang, Meng-Lin Lee, Wei-Yun Huang, Sheng-Da Hsu, Yi-Chang Chen, Hsien-Da Huang
Gastric cancer (GC) is the second most frequent cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. MicroRNAs are single-stranded RNA molecules of 21-23 nucleotides that regulate target gene expression through specific base-pairing interactions between miRNA and untranslated regions of targeted mRNAs. In this study, we generated a multistep approach for the integrated analysis of miRNA and mRNA expression. First, both miRNA and mRNA expression profiling datasets in gastric cancer from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) identified 79 and 1042 differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs, respectively, in gastric cancer...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Michael Lenning, Joseph Fortunato, Tai Le, Isaac Clark, Ang Sherpa, Soyeon Yi, Peter Hofsteen, Geethapriya Thamilarasu, Jingchun Yang, Xiaolei Xu, Huy-Dung Han, Tzung K Hsiai, Hung Cao
Heart disease is the leading cause of mortality in the U.S. with approximately 610,000 people dying every year. Effective therapies for many cardiac diseases are lacking, largely due to an incomplete understanding of their genetic basis and underlying molecular mechanisms. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are an excellent model system for studying heart disease as they enable a forward genetic approach to tackle this unmet medical need. In recent years, our team has been employing electrocardiogram (ECG) as an efficient tool to study the zebrafish heart along with conventional approaches, such as immunohistochemistry, DNA and protein analyses...
December 28, 2017: Sensors
Antonio Gasparrini, Yuming Guo, Francesco Sera, Ana Maria Vicedo-Cabrera, Veronika Huber, Shilu Tong, Micheline de Sousa Zanotti Stagliorio Coelho, Paulo Hilario Nascimento Saldiva, Eric Lavigne, Patricia Matus Correa, Nicolas Valdes Ortega, Haidong Kan, Samuel Osorio, Jan Kyselý, Aleš Urban, Jouni J K Jaakkola, Niilo R I Ryti, Mathilde Pascal, Patrick G Goodman, Ariana Zeka, Paola Michelozzi, Matteo Scortichini, Masahiro Hashizume, Yasushi Honda, Magali Hurtado-Diaz, Julio Cesar Cruz, Xerxes Seposo, Ho Kim, Aurelio Tobias, Carmen Iñiguez, Bertil Forsberg, Daniel Oudin Åström, Martina S Ragettli, Yue Leon Guo, Chang-Fu Wu, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel Schwartz, Michelle L Bell, Tran Ngoc Dang, Dung Do Van, Clare Heaviside, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Shakoor Hajat, Andy Haines, Ben Armstrong
Background: Climate change can directly affect human health by varying exposure to non-optimal outdoor temperature. However, evidence on this direct impact at a global scale is limited, mainly due to issues in modelling and projecting complex and highly heterogeneous epidemiological relationships across different populations and climates. Methods: We collected observed daily time series of mean temperature and mortality counts for all causes or non-external causes only, in periods ranging from Jan 1, 1984, to Dec 31, 2015, from various locations across the globe through the Multi-Country Multi-City Collaborative Research Network...
December 2017: Lancet. Planetary Health
Mayank Jain, Jenisha Jain, Gauri Rao Passi, Kamna Jain, Shikhar Jain
Introduction: There is a paucity of data regarding the clinical profile of children with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO) from Central India. Material and methods: Retrospective analysis of 30 children with EHPVO treated between 2002 and 2012. Results: The median age of presentation was 12.5 years (range 5-14 years) and median duration of symptoms was 3.2 years (range 0.3-10 years). Home delivery was noted in 30 cases (100%), umbilical sepsis in 8 (27%) and history of cow dung application over the umbilical cord in 2 cases (6...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
Julia Tabea Treitler, Tim Drissen, Robin Stadtmann, Stefan Zerbe, Jasmin Mantilla-Contreras
BACKGROUND: Endozoochory is, in grazing systems, a substantial vector for seed dispersal. It can play an important role in vegetation dynamics, especially in colonization processes through seed input on the vegetation and on the soil seed bank. We investigated the endozoochorous seed input of donkeys and goats on a semi-natural island ecosystem in the Mediterranean. Through germination experiments, we assessed the viable seed content of the dung of these grazing animals to estimate their suitability and efficiency for seed dispersal of the vegetation types of the island...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ecology
Lauren M Rosati, Megan N Kummerlowe, Justin Poling, Amy Hacker-Prietz, Amol K Narang, Eun J Shin, Dung T Le, Elliot K Fishman, Ralph H Hruban, Stephen C Yang, Matthew J Weiss, Joseph M Herman
Purpose: We report a very unique case of an esophageal metastasis from a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) primary. Methods: After obtaining consent from the patient, all relevant records of the case were obtained and retrospectively reviewed. Results: At presentation, the patient was diagnosed with synchronous pancreatic and esophageal cancer. He received six months of neoadjuvant therapy including FOLFIRINOX (5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin) and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) to the pancreatic tumor followed by a combined pancreaticoduodenectomy and Ivor Lewis esophagectomy...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
Vinh Quang Luu, Tran VAN Dung, Truong Quang Nguyen, Minh Duc LE, Thomas Ziegler
We describe a new species of the genus Cyrtodactylus from Gia Lai Province, Central Highlands of Vietnam based on morphological and molecular differences. Cyrtodactylus gialaiensis sp. nov. is differentiated from other congeners by a unique combination of the following characters: Size small, maximum known SVL reaching 62.8 mm; dorsal pattern consisting of six or seven dark transverse bands between limb insertions; intersupranasals two or three; dorsal tubercles at midbody in 16-21 irregular rows, strongly developed on flanks; lateral folds poorly defined with interspersed tubercles; ventral scales between ventrolateral folds 38-45; precloacal pores nine or 10 in males, eight pitted scales in the adult female, in a continuous row; femoral pores absent; enlarged femoral scales present; postcloacal tubercles two or three; dorsal tubercles present to half of tail; subcaudal scales not enlarged...
December 5, 2017: Zootaxa
An T Nguyen, Wei-Cheng Lai, Bao Dong To, Duc Dung Nguyen, Ya-Ping Hsieh, Mario Hofmann, Hung-Chih Kan, Chia-Chen Hsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sergei Tarasov
Two Oriental dung beetle genera: Parachorius Harold, 1873 and Cassolus Sharp, 1875 have long had an ambiguous tribal position in Scarabaeinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), but have never been considered as closely related. A recently discovered species representing the morphological link between the two genera gave a hint to their possible close affiliation. To assess phylogenetic and taxonomic placement of these genera, I conducted phylogenetic analyses of global dung beetle samples using morphological (134 taxa, 232 characters) and molecular (551 terminals, 8 gene regions) data...
October 3, 2017: Zootaxa
Takayuki Chikata, Giang Van Tran, Hayato Murakoshi, Tomohiro Akahoshi, Ying Qi, Vivek Naranbhai, Nozomi Kuse, Yoshiko Tamura, Madoka Koyanagi, Sachiko Sakai, Dung Hoai Nguyen, Dung Thi Nguyen, Ha Thu Nguyen, Trung Vu Nguyen, Shinichi Oka, Maureen P Martin, Mary Carrington, Keiko Sakai, Kinh Van Nguyen, Masafumi Takiguchi
HIV-1-specific cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) play an important role in the control of HIV-1 subtype B or C infection. However, the role of CTLs in HIV-1 subtype A/E infection still remains unclear. Here we investigated the association of HLA class I alleles with clinical outcome in treatment-naïve Vietnamese infected with subtype A/E. We found that HLA-C*12:02 was significantly associated with lower pVL and higher CD4 count and that the HLA-A*29:01-B*07:05-C*15:05 haplotype was significantly associated with higher pVL and lower CD4 count as compared to individuals without these respective genotypes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Virology
Ashmita Bharali, Kushal Kumar Baruah, Sunitee Gohain Baruah, Pradip Bhattacharyya
Rice soil is a source of emission of two major greenhouse gases (methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O)) and a sink of carbon dioxide (CO2). The effect of inorganic fertilizers in combination with various organics (cow dung, green manure (Sesbania aculeata) Azolla compost, rice husk) on CH4 emission, global warming potential, and soil carbon storage along with crop productivity were studied at university farm under field conditions. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design for 2 years in a monsoon rice (cv...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Nguyen Tan Thanh, Nguyen Ngoc Tuan, Ping-Chung Kuo, Doan Manh Dung, Doan Lan Phuong, Dinh Thi Truong Giang, Tian-Shung Wu, Tran Dinh Thang
A new tirucallane-type triterpenoid igniarine (1), and four known compounds meshimakobnol A (2), meshimakobnol B (3), ergosterol (4) and ergosterol peroxide (5), were purified from the methanol extracts of the fruiting bodies of Phellinus igniarius (DC. ex Fr.) Quél. The structure of 1 was elucidated using a combination of 1D and 2D NMR techniques and HR-ESI-MS analyses. In addition, the isolated compounds were examined for their cytotoxicity against several tumour cell lines and part of the tested compounds demonstrated weak cytotoxicity...
December 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
Kavita Sharma, V K Garg
Present study was undertaken to investigate the vermicomposting of two different organic wastes (rice straw and paper waste) employing, Eisenia fetida. Nine feedstocks were prepared with different ratios of wastes using cow dung as bulking substrate. After pre-composting, worms were allowed to feed on different feedstocks for 105 days under laboratory conditions. The results showed that NPK content was higher in the vermicompost. Heavy metal content was also higher in the vermicomposts. Whereas total organic carbon and C:N ratio were lower after vermicomposting, by 17...
December 2, 2017: Bioresource Technology
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