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Sleep-disordered breathing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092114/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pediatric-head-and-neck-vascular-malformations
#1
Megan L Durr, Anna K Meyer, Eric J Kezirian, Mark D Mamlouk, Ilona J Frieden, Kristina W Rosbe
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms among children with head and neck vascular malformations and to compare obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-18 scores between children with head and neck vascular malformations and children with non-head and neck vascular malformations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort and prospective cross-sectional studies METHODS: Forty-three pediatric subjects with head and neck vascular malformations evaluated at a tertiary-care multidisciplinary vascular anomalies center were included in a retrospective cohort study...
January 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089799/positive-airway-pressure-therapies-and-hospitalization-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Monica M Vasquez, Leslie A McClure, Duane L Sherrill, Sanjay R Patel, Jerry Krishnan, Stefano Guerra, Sairam Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) places a huge healthcare burden. Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is sometimes used in COPD patients, but the possible impact on hospitalization risk remains controversial. We studied the hospitalization risk of COPD patients before and after initiation of various PAP therapies in a "real-world" bioinformatics study. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of administrative claims data of hospitalizations in patients with COPD who received or did not receive PAP therapy - continuous PAP, bilevel PAP, and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation using a home ventilator (NIPPV)...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087550/trends-and-changes-in-paediatric-tonsil-surgery-in-sweden-1987-2013-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Anna Borgström, Pia Nerfeldt, Danielle Friberg, Ola Sunnergren, Joacim Stalfors
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to longitudinally describe the history of tonsil surgery in Swedish children and adolescents regarding incidence, indications for surgery, surgical methods and the age and gender distributions. SETTING: A retrospective longitudinal population-based cohort study based on register data from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) and population data from Statistics Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: All Swedish children 1-<18 years registered in the NPR with a tonsil surgery procedure 1987-2013...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081171/a-higher-proportion-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-subjects-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-case-control-study-based-on-electrocardiogram-derived-sleep-analysis
#4
Ping-Huei Tseng, Pei-Lin Lee, Wei-Chung Hsu, Yan Ma, Yi-Chia Lee, Han-Mo Chiu, Yi-Lwun Ho, Ming-Fong Chen, Ming-Shiang Wu, Chung-Kang Peng
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) has increased rapidly in Taiwan and worldwide. We aim to determine the association between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and MS in a Chinese general population. METHODS: This case-control study recruited subjects who have undergone a prospective electrocardiogram-based cardiopulmonary coupling (CPC) sleep spectrogram as part of the periodic health check-ups at the National Taiwan University Hospital. Comprehensive anthropometrics, blood biochemistry, prevalence of MS and its individual components were compared with Bonferroni correction between 40 subjects with SDB, defined as the CPC-derived apnea-hypopnea index (CPC-AHI) >5 event/hour and 80 age- and sex-matched controls, defined as CPC-AHI <1 event/hour...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079611/it-is-just-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder%C3%A2-or-is-it
#5
Dana C Won, Christian Guilleminault, Peter J Koltai, Stacey D Quo, Martin T Stein, Irene M Loe
Carly is a 5-year-old girl who presents for an interdisciplinary evaluation due to behaviors at school and home suggestive of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Parent report of preschool teacher concerns was consistent with ADHD. Psychological testing showed verbal, visual-spatial, and fluid reasoning IQ scores in the average range; processing speed and working memory were below average. Carly's behavior improved when her mother left the room, and she was attentive during testing with a psychologist...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069978/author-response-role-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-sleep-wake-disturbances-for-stroke-and-stroke-recovery
#6
Dirk M Hermann, Claudio L Bassetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069977/letter-re-role-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-sleep-wake-disturbances-for-stroke-and-stroke-recovery
#7
Dietmar Fuchs, Barbara Strasser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069061/association-between-physical-activity-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-male-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Hiroaki Itoh, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Takehisa Matsukawa, Fumihiko Kitamura
BACKGROUND: Whether physical activity reduces the risk of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) for non-obese people remains unclear. The present cross-sectional study examined the association between physical activity and SDB among non-obese male Japanese workers. METHODS: All 200 workers in a company in Tokyo, Japan, who drove a motor vehicle as part of their job, were invited to be screened for SDB to prevent traffic accidents. Of these, 195 agreed to participate in this study...
January 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068279/identifying-predictors-of-central-sleep-apnea-cheyne-stokes-breathing-in-chronic-heart-failure-a-pathophysiological-approach
#9
Aneliya I Draganova, Kiril V Terziyski, Stefan S Kostianev
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a major health problem associated with increased mortality, despite modern treatment options. Central sleep apnea (CSA)/Cheyne-Stokes breathing (CSB) is a common and yet largely under-diagnosed co-morbidity, adding significantly to the poor prognosis in CHF because of a number of acute and chronic effects, including intermittent hypoxia, sympathetic overactivation, disturbed sleep architecture and impaired physical tolerance. It is characterized by repetitive periods of crescendo-decrescendo ventilatory pattern, alternating with central apneas and hypopneas...
December 1, 2016: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064432/validation-of-nosas-score-for-screening-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-a-multiethnic-asian-population
#10
Adeline Tan, Yueheng Hong, Linda W L Tan, Rob M van Dam, Yan Yi Cheung, Chi-Hang Lee
PURPOSE: The NoSAS score was developed to identify subjects at high risk of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). We aimed to validate the NoSAS score in a multiethnic Asian cohort and compare its performance to the STOP-Bang and Berlin questionnaires. METHODS: A sample of 242 subjects selected from a population-based cohort in Singapore completed home-based sleep testing with an Embletta device (type 3 monitor). All subjects were given the STOP-Bang and Berlin questionnaires for self-administration prior to the sleep study...
January 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062220/sleep-lung-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Ezequiel Fernandes Oliveira, Sergio Roberto Nacif, Jessica Julioti Urbano, Anderson Soares Silva, Claudia Santos Oliveira, Eduardo Araujo Perez, Melissa Nunes Polaro, Berenice Cataldo Oliveira Valerio, Roberto Stirbulov, Giuseppe Insalaco, Acary Sousa Bulle Oliveira, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira
The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological variables of lung function, respiratory muscle strength, and sleep in clinically stable patients with myasthenia gravis. This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted in accordance with the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement. Patients adhering to the eligibility criteria were consecutively recruited from the Research Department of Neuromuscular Diseases at the Federal University of Sao Paulo and the Department of Neurology at Santa Casa de Misericordia of Sao Paulo and were referred to the Nove de Julho University Sleep Laboratory (Sao Paulo, Brazil)...
November 25, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060556/the-frequency-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-asthma-and-its-effects-on-asthma-control
#12
Tayfur Ginis, Fatih Alper Akcan, Murat Capanoglu, Muge Toyran, Refika Ersu, Can Naci Kocabas, Ersoy Civelek
BACKGROUND: The presence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children with asthma may cause difficult to control asthma. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of SDB in children with asthma, to evaluate its effects on asthma control and to assess the risk factors associated with the presence of SDB. METHODS: Parents of children who Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) and the Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT). Asthma control level was assessed according to Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057021/treatment-of-intermittent-hypoxia-increases-phosphorylated-tau-in-the-hippocampus-via-biological-processes-common-to-aging
#13
Sosuke Yagishita, Seiya Suzuki, Keisuke Yoshikawa, Keiko Iida, Ayako Hirata, Masahiko Suzuki, Akihiko Takashima, Kei Maruyama, Akira Hirasawa, Takeo Awaji
Sleep-disordered breathing produces cognitive impairments, and is possibly associated with Alzheimer disease (AD). Intermittent hypoxia treatment (IHT), an experimental model for sleep-disordered breathing, results in cognitive impairments in animals via unknown mechanisms. Here, we exposed mice to IHT protocols, and performed biochemical analyses and microarray analyses regarding their hippocampal samples. In particular, we performed gene ontology (GO)-based microarray analysis to elucidate effects of IHT on hippocampal functioning, which were compared with the effects of various previously-reported experimental conditions on that (ref...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055285/sleep-disordered-breathing-is-associated-with-higher
#14
Peter D Ahiawodzi, Richard A Kerber, Kira C Taylor, Frank D Groves, Elizabeth O'Brien, Joachim H Ix, Jorge R Kizer, Luc Djoussé, Russell P Tracy, Anne B Newman, David S Siscovick, John Robbins, K Mukamal
CONTEXT: Carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) results from oxidative stress and has been linked to cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) - a source of oxidative stress- and CML. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1002 participants in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) were studied. RESULTS: Women with SDB had significantly higher CML concentration compared with those without SDB (OR = 1...
January 5, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052522/assessment-of-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
Li-Jen Liao, Tsung-Yi Cho, Tsung-Wei Huang
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in different severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients, and assesses the role of OSA in carotid artery vasculopathy with control of multiple co-morbidities. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control study SETTING: Tertiary referral center PARTICIPANTS: This study recruited 36 volunteers without the complaints of sleep-disordered breathing, 27 patients with mild-moderate OSA and 39 patients with severe OSA...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049125/pre-operative-screening-for-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#16
REVIEW
Johan Verbraecken, Jan Hedner, Thomas Penzel
Sleep disordered breathing, especially obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), has a high and increasing prevalence. Depending on the apnoea and hypopnoea scoring criteria used, and depending on the sex and age of the subjects investigated, prevalence varies between 3% and 49% of the general population. These varying prevalences need to be reflected when considering screening for OSA. OSA is a cardiovascular risk factor and patients are at risk when undergoing medical interventions such as surgery. Screening for OSA before anaesthesia and surgical interventions is increasingly considered...
January 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041720/atrial-fibrillation-is-a-major-cause-of-stroke-in-apneic-patients-a-prospective-study
#17
M Poli, P Philip, J Taillard, S Debruxelles, P Renou, J M Orgogozo, F Rouanet, I Sibon
OBJECTIVES: Large prospective studies have established that sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Heterogeneous results have been published about SDB and ischaemic stroke mechanism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between poststroke apneic syndrome and stroke aetiologies according to the ASCO classification. METHODS: A total of 134 patients with acute ischaemic cerebrovascular events were prospectively included...
March 4, 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040290/obstructive-sleep-and-atrial-fibrillation-pathophysiological-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-implications
#18
REVIEW
Christos A Goudis, Dimitrios G Ketikoglou
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the commonest arrhythmia in clinical practice and is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a common breathing disorder, is an independent risk factor for AF. Several pathophysiological mechanisms, including apnea-induced hypoxia, intrathoracic pressure shifts, sympathovagal imbalance, atrial remodeling, oxidative stress, inflammation and neurohumoral activation have been implicated in the occurrence of AF in OSA patients...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039313/the-link-between-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-cognition-in-the-elderly-new-opportunities
#19
Sanford Auerbach, Kristine Yaffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039311/sleep-characteristics-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-general-population-the-hypnolaus-study
#20
José Haba-Rubio, Helena Marti-Soler, Nadia Tobback, Daniela Andries, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Armin von Gunten, Martin Preisig, Enrique Castelao, Mehdi Tafti, Raphaël Heinzer, Julius Popp
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between sleep structure and cognitive impairment in the general population. METHODS: Data stemmed from 580 participants aged >65 years of the population-based CoLaus/PsyCoLaus study (Lausanne, Switzerland) who underwent complete sleep evaluation (HypnoLaus). Evaluations included demographic characteristics, personal and treatment history, sleep complaints and habits (using validated questionnaires), and a complete polysomnography at home...
December 30, 2016: Neurology
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