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dental case report

P Flis, V Filonenko, N Doroshenko
Transposition of teeth - mutual exchange of the teeth position in the dental arch, it's a rare anomaly of the dentoalveolar apparatus. Most often in the transposition process the upper canines are involved in combination with the first premolars. Anomaly is mainly caused by an incorrect location of the teeth germs. Full correction is optimal in the treatment of transposition in terms of function and aesthetics, but in most cases, the movement of these teeth in their physiological position is impossible. Aim - to define and argue the tactics of the orthodontist in the treatment of patients with teeth transposition...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
Hatem Amer, Layla Hafed, Sally Ibrahim
Introduction: Primordial odontogenic tumors are a rare recently described mixed odontogenic tumor composed histopathologically of dental papilla like tissue and enamel organ like tissue. Only nine cases have been documented worldwide and we are reporting the tenth case which is from Egypt. Clinical finding: A 2-year-old Egyptian boy that presented with an asymptomatic swelling of the mandible which appeared with multilocular radiolucency associated with an impacted developing tooth on a computerized tomography (CT) scan...
2018: F1000Research
Bennett T Amaechi, Adepitan A Owosho, Daniel Fried
This article describes the current applications of various technologies based on either autofluorescence or near-infrared light illumination, tailored to aid practitioners in detecting and quantitatively monitoring oral diseases such as dental caries and oral cancer at the earliest stage of their formation, or in the conservative surgical excision of necrotic bones in diseases such as chronic osteomyelitis, osteoradionecrosis, and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. The data discussed are primarily based on published scientific studies and reviews from case reports, clinical trials, and in vitro and in vivo studies...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
Elifcan Taşdelen, Ceren D Durmaz, Halil G Karabulut
Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is a rare condition characterized by a typical facial appearance and variable findings of the eyes, teeth, and fingers. ODDD is caused by mutations in the GJA1 gene in chromosome 6q22 and inherited in an autosomal dominant manner in the majority of the patients. However, in recent clinical reports, autosomal recessive ODDD cases due to by GJA1 mutations were also described. Here, we report on a 14-year-old boy with microphthalmia, microcornea, narrow nasal bridge, hypoplastic alae nasi, prominent columnella, hypodontia, dental caries, and partial syndactyly of the 2nd and 3rd toes...
June 15, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ali, Aiman Sheikh
Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the utility of facebow transfer in the fabrication of occlusal splints, complete dentures and full arch fixed dental prosthesis. Materials and Methods: A systematic review protocol was registered at PROSPERO registry, University of York, UK (CRD42016041919). Following databases were explored: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Web of knowledge. The PICO model included participants who received occlusal splint or complete denture or full arch fixed dental prosthesis at the centric relation position...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Johanna Kaartinen, Stéphane Lair, Michael T Walsh, Patrick Burns, Marion Desmarchelier, Jessica M Pang, Daniel S J Pang
  Walruses are a challenging species to anesthetize as a result of their large mass, limited access for drug delivery, unique physiology, and small number of reports describing anesthetic procedures. Three aquarium-housed walruses ( Odobenus rosmarus) ranging in age from 3 to 11 yr old (344-1,000 kg) were anesthetized for dental or ophthalmic surgical procedures, with one animal anesthetized twice and one anesthetized three times. Preanesthetic medication was with intramuscular midazolam (0.1-0.2 mg/kg) and meperidine (2-3 mg/kg)...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Thorakkal Shamim
This data aimed to audit the articles retracted from PubMed indexed dental journals from India. The PubMed indexed journals considered are Indian Journal of Dental research, Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology, Contemporary Clinical Dentistry, Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society for type of article, name of dental specialty, topic of individual dental specialties, causes for retraction of article and authorship trend of retracted articles using web-based search...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Constantino Ledesma-Montes, María Dolores Jiménez-Farfán, Juan Carlos Hernández-Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: Giant Osteosclerotic Lesions (GOLs) are a group of rarely reported intraosseous lesions. Their precise diagnosis is important since they can be confused with malignant neoplasms. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aimed to record and analyze the clinical and radiographic Giant Osteosclerotic Lesions (GOLs) detected in the maxillomandibular area of patients attending to our institution. Materials and Methods: Informed consent from the patients was obtained and those cases of 2...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Josep Rubio-Palau, Alejandra Prieto-Gundin, Leydi Mar de Abreu Graterol, Herman Vercruysse
Congenital maxillomandibular fusion or syngnathia is a rare craniofacial disorder with only 26 cases reported in the literature. We present a case of a congenital complex zygomatico-mandibular syngnathia associated with a palatal cleft, posterior maxilla and turbinate agenesia, mild hemifacial microsomia, and a disordered dental eruption. The patient has the highest age (15 years) at diagnosis described in the literature. 3D planning of the surgery was performed to study the patient's anatomy and design the necessary osteotomies to separate the jaws...
June 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Mitsuharu Inoko, Satoko Rubin, Yoshihiro Ono, Atsushi Saito
Flap management is one of the key elements for success in periodontal surgeries and bone regeneration for dental implants. The aim of this article is to introduce a releasing incision method for effective flap advancement to obtain tension-free primary closure. The 'upward-motion scissors technique' (UMST) involves the use of surgical scissors handled with an upward motion to create multiple shallow incisions. The use of UMST is demonstrated in an anatomically challenging case requiring bone augmentation. This technique provides a novel approach for flap advancement and may reduce potential complications involved in releasing incisions...
July 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Dimitrios Michelogiannakis, Heleni Vastardis, Ioannis Melakopoulos, Chrysanthy Papathanasopoulou, Konstantinos I Tosios
The case of an 18-year-old woman with generalized short root anomaly (SRA) is presented, and the clinical management and challenges associated with this rare condition are discussed. The patient was referred for restoration of the edentulous maxillary left anterior region. Due to the SRA, the patient had previously received limited orthodontic treatment for the ectopic maxillary canines. The maxillary left canine failed during orthodontic traction, the left lateral incisor migrated in its region and had poor prognosis due to severe mobility...
June 8, 2018: Quintessence International
Lita Sacks
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the first published case of a prehistoric human with five or more supernumerary teeth. Such cases are often neglected in paleopathology, in part due to a gap between the medicodental and anthropological literature leading to the view in anthropology that supernumerary teeth are curious anomalies rather than pathologies. DESIGN: Reconstruction and pathological description of the skeletal remains were performed according to standard osteological protocols...
June 4, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ali
Studies have shown that the presence of advanced periodontal disease lowers the success of dental implants. The recommended approach for such cases is the delayed placement and delayed loading of implants. The present paper reports a case of a subject who presented with severe periodontally compromised dentition. Placement and early loading of 12 implants was done using a staged approach. Three different sets of fixed-type dental prostheses were employed in the interim period. The final prostheses were cement retained metallo-ceramic fixed bridge...
May 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
A P Cazzolla, K Zhurakivska, D Ciavarella, M G Lacaita, G Favia, N F Testa, G Marzo, V La Carbonara, G Troiano, L Lo Muzio
AIMS: The aim of this study is to report the case of the orthodontic treatment in a patient affected by primary hyperoxaluria type 1 and subjected to a combinate liver-kidney transplant. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 9-year patient was admitted to our department for the presence of facial dysmorphism. The patient was affected by primary hyperoxaluria type 1 and has undergone a combined liver-kidney transplantation. At the time of the visit, he was in treatment with immunosuppressive drugs and received a corticosteroid and an antibiotic therapy monthly...
June 8, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Fernando André Barth, Angelo Menuci Melo, Renata Rodrigues Almeida-Pedrin, Victor de Miranda Ladewig, Ana Cláudia de Castro Ferreira Conti
Cleidocranial dysostosis (CCD) is a congenital skeletal disorder with significant manifestations in facial and dental development. Patients are affected with CCD present maxillary deficiency, late dental eruption, and supernumerary teeth. Early and multidisciplinary approach is necessary to treat CCD patients, especially to manage dental eruption and Class III malocclusion with maxillary deficiency. Several orthodontic and surgical interventions are performed to enable traction and extraction of teeth. Yet the maxillary deficiency may be protracted followed by orthodontic dental compensation...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Antonello Maria Messina, Ettore Marini
With the increasing popularity of dental implants, the explantation of fractured implants has become a major challenge for clinicians. Several tools can be used for the removal of osseointegrated implants; however, few of these have the characteristics of easy control, selective cutting, and rapid healing. We report a case of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) developed immediately after piezosurgical removal of osteointegrated implants.The BPPV may be an unpleasant complication of piezosurgical removal of osseointegrated implants and may cause considerable stress if not identified correctly and managed properly...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Nikhil Arora, Ruchika Juneja, Ravi Meher
Introduction: Complication of an odontogenic infection to an orbital abscess is not a common presentation. The progression from a simple toothache to a condition that may lead to loss of vision is sudden and severe. Case Report: We report a rare case in which a patient developed facial cellulitis that progressed to orbital abscess after unsterile dental manipulation by a medical fraudster ("quack"). The patient was initiated on high-grade antibiotics, which resolved the facial cellulitis...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Saurabh Kumar, Catherine Chandran, Rabin Chacko, J S Jesija, Arun Paul
Aims and Objectives: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaw is a significant yet rare complication of radiotherapy (RT) associated with the management of head-and-neck malignancies. Recent decrease in the incidence of ORN following RT to the head and neck is being mainly attributed to refinement in RT techniques and improvement in our understanding of this morbid disease. The aim of this study is to assess the patients with ORN following head-and-neck RT to determine the various contributing risk factors involved in the development of ORN...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Marina Gallottini, Alexandre Hugo Llanos, Giuseppe Alexandre Romito, Marcelo Munhóes Romano, Felipe Beraldo de Oliveira, Nathalie Pepe Medeiros de Rezende
Fraser syndrome (FS) is a rare recessive autosomal genetic disorder characterized by multisystemic malformations typically comprising cryptophthalmos, syndactyly, and renal defects. We report the case of a 16-year-old patient who exhibited facial asymmetry, short roots, hypodontia, and malocclusion. Oral rehabilitation included orthodontics, exodontia, and osseointegrated dental implants to improve the patient's self-esteem and eating function. We suggest short roots and hypodontia assessment in patients with FS...
June 6, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Shinsuke Yamamoto, Keigo Maeda, Izumi Kouchi, Yuzo Hirai, Naoki Taniike, Daisuke Yamashita, Yukihiro Imai, Toshinobu Takenobu
Dental implant treatment is a highly predictable therapy, but when potentially lethal symptoms or complications occur, dentists must remove the implant fixture. Reports on antiresorptive agent-related osteonecrosis of the jaw have increased in the field of dental implants recently, although the relationship between dental implant treatment and antiresorptive agents remains unclear. Here we report a case of antiresorptive agent-related osteonecrosis of the jaw that developed after dental implant removal. A 67-year-old Japanese woman with a medical history of osteoporosis and 7 years of oral bisphosphonate treatment was referred to our hospital with a chief complaint of painful right mandibular bone exposure...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
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