keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diffusion sequence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719845/the-effects-of-ibuprofen-on-activated-sludge-shift-in-bacterial-community-structure-and-resistance-to-ciprofloxacin
#1
Madars Davids, Dita Gudra, Ilze Radovica-Spalvina, Davids Fridmanis, Vadims Bartkevics, Olga Muter
Ibuprofen (IBP) is ranked at the 4th place among 57 pharmaceutical compounds according to the number of citations in prioritization documents. The response of microbial community of activated sludge to IBP was studied at the concentrations of 50-5000mg/L. Batch incubation was performed in an OxiTop® device for 21days. The reduction of biological oxygen demand depended on the IBP concentration and varied in the range from 321 to 107mg O2/L. Massive DNA sequencing analysis of the activated sludge revealed that Proteobacteria became more dominant when grown in the presence of IBP...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717997/an-enhanced-sensitivity-methyl-1-h-triple-quantum-pulse-scheme-for-measuring-diffusion-constants-of-macromolecules
#2
Rui Huang, Jacob P Brady, Ashok Sekhar, Tairan Yuwen, Lewis E Kay
We present a pulse scheme that exploits methyl (1)H triple-quantum (TQ) coherences for the measurement of diffusion rates of slowly diffusing molecules in solution. It is based on the well-known stimulated echo experiment, with encoding and decoding of TQ coherences. The size of quantifiable diffusion coefficients is thus lowered by an order of magnitude with respect to single-quantum (SQ) approaches. Notably, the sensitivity of the scheme is high, approximately ¾ that of the corresponding single quantum experiment, neglecting relaxation losses, and on the order of a factor of 4 more sensitive than a previously published sequence for AX3 spin systems (Zheng et al...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular NMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717663/refining-genotype-phenotype-correlation-in-alstr%C3%A3-m-syndrome-through-study-of-primary-human-fibroblasts
#3
Jian-Hua Chen, Tarekegn Geberhiwot, Timothy G Barrett, Richard Paisey, Robert K Semple
BACKGROUND: Alström syndrome (AS), featuring retinal dystrophy, neuronal deafness, cardiomyopathy, metabolic syndrome, and diffuse fibrosis, is caused by biallelic mutations in the centrosomal protein ALMS1. Genotype-phenotype correlation has been suggested without assessment of ALMS1 expression. METHODS: ALMS1 expression (real-time PCR and immunocytochemistry) and cilia formation (immunocytochemistry) were assessed in fibroblasts from deeply phenotyped volunteers diagnosed with AS recruited from a dedicated AS Service...
July 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715501/diversity-and-distribution-of-nuclease-bacteriocins-in-bacterial-genomes-revealed-using-hidden-markov-models
#4
Connor Sharp, James Bray, Nicholas G Housden, Martin C J Maiden, Colin Kleanthous
Bacteria exploit an arsenal of antimicrobial peptides and proteins to compete with each other. Three main competition systems have been described: type six secretion systems (T6SS); contact dependent inhibition (CDI); and bacteriocins. Unlike T6SS and CDI systems, bacteriocins do not require contact between bacteria but are diffusible toxins released into the environment. Identified almost a century ago, our understanding of bacteriocin distribution and prevalence in bacterial populations remains poor. In the case of protein bacteriocins, this is because of high levels of sequence diversity and difficulties in distinguishing their killing domains from those of other competition systems...
July 17, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712653/neural-circuit-specialized-astrocytes-transcriptomic-proteomic-morphological-and-functional-evidence
#5
Hua Chai, Blanca Diaz-Castro, Eiji Shigetomi, Emma Monte, J Christopher Octeau, Xinzhu Yu, Whitaker Cohn, Pradeep S Rajendran, Thomas M Vondriska, Julian P Whitelegge, Giovanni Coppola, Baljit S Khakh
Astrocytes are ubiquitous in the brain and are widely held to be largely identical. However, this view has not been fully tested, and the possibility that astrocytes are neural circuit specialized remains largely unexplored. Here, we used multiple integrated approaches, including RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), mass spectrometry, electrophysiology, immunohistochemistry, serial block-face-scanning electron microscopy, morphological reconstructions, pharmacogenetics, and diffusible dye, calcium, and glutamate imaging, to directly compare adult striatal and hippocampal astrocytes under identical conditions...
July 11, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711431/highly-prevalent-emmstg840-0-and-emmstc839-0-types-of-erythromycin-non-susceptible-group-g-streptococcus-isolated-from-bacteremia-in-southern-taiwan
#6
Po-Xing Zheng, Yuen-Chi Chan, Chien-Shun Chiou, Cheng-Lu Hsieh, Chuan Chiang-Ni, Jiunn-Jong Wu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Group G Streptococcus (GGS) infections in human have increased. Treatment relied on antibiotic therapy, including erythromycin. However, information regarding the dominant strains and erythromycin susceptibility in GGS bacteremia is limited. METHODS: A total of 134 GGS were isolated from patients with bacteremia in a university hospital of southern Taiwan during 1993-2010. The erythromycin susceptibility was determined by disc diffusion and agar dilution assays...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710579/magnetic-resonance-neurography-current-perspectives-and-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Avneesh Chhabra, Ananth J Madhuranthakam, Gustav Andreisek
Magnetic resonance neurography (also called MRN or MR neurography) refers to MR imaging dedicated to the peripheral nerves. It is a technique that enhances selective multiplanar visualisation of the peripheral nerve and pathology by encompassing a combination of two-dimensional, three-dimensional and diffusion imaging pulse sequences. Referring physicians who seek imaging techniques that can depict and diagnose peripheral nerve pathologies superior to conventional MR imaging are driving the demand for MRN. This article reviews the pathophysiology of peripheral nerves in common practice scenarios, technical considerations of MRN, current indications of MRN, normal and abnormal neuromuscular appearances, and imaging pitfalls...
July 14, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710374/metadiffusers-deep-subwavelength-sound-diffusers
#8
Noé Jiménez, Trevor J Cox, Vicent Romero-García, Jean-Philippe Groby
We present deep-subwavelength diffusing surfaces based on acoustic metamaterials, namely metadiffusers. These sound diffusers are rigidly backed slotted panels, with each slit being loaded by an array of Helmholtz resonators. Strong dispersion is produced in the slits and slow sound conditions are induced. Thus, the effective thickness of the panel is lengthened introducing its quarter wavelength resonance in the deep-subwavelength regime. By tuning the geometry of the metamaterial, the reflection coefficient of the panel can be tailored to obtain either a custom reflection phase, moderate or even perfect absorption...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709889/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-improves-classification-of-prostate-lesions-a-study-of-pathologic-outcomes-on-targeted-prostate-biopsy
#9
Sasha C Druskin, Ryan Ward, Andrei S Purysko, Allen Young, Jeffrey J Tosoian, Kamyar Ghabili, Darian Andreas, Eric Klein, Ashley E Ross, Katarzyna J Macura
PURPOSE: PIRADSv2 stipulates that dynamic-contrast-enhanced-imaging (DCE) be used to classify diffusion-weighted-imaging (DWI) score 3 (DWI3) peripheral-zone (PZ) lesions as PIRADS score 3 (PIRADS3; DCE-) or PIRADS4 (DCE+). However, it is unknown if DCE separates lesions into clinically-meaningful pathologic groups. We examined whether use of DCE improves detection of clinically-significant cancer. MATERIALS & METHODS: We identified patients without a prior diagnosis of prostate cancer undergoing multiparametric-MRI-transrectal-ultrasound fusion targeted-biopsy of PZ DWI3 or DWI4 lesions...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704680/differentiating-parotid-tumors-by-quantitative-signal-intensity-evaluation-on-mr-imaging
#10
Eiji Matsusue, Yoshio Fujihara, Eiken Matsuda, Yusuke Tokuyasu, Shu Nakamoto, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Toshihide Ogawa
BACKGROUND: There have been no reports about quantitative evaluations of enhancing components of parotid tumors on conventional MR imaging. PURPOSE: To evaluate the signal intensity of the enhancing components of tumors, including pleomorphic adenomas (PAs), Warthin tumors (WTs) and malignant tumors (MTs), on various MR sequences and to assess the usefulness of quantitative evaluations for differentiation among the three groups of tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 39 histologically proven tumors, including 15 PAs, 17 WTs and 7 MTs, were enrolled in this study...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703102/intravoxel-incoherent-motion-application-in-differentiation-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-focal-nodular-hyperplasia
#11
Ma Luo, Ling Zhang, Xin Hua Jiang, Wei Dong Zhang
PURPOSE: We aimed to explore whether intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-related parameters of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) demonstrate differences that could be used to differentiate and improve diagnostic efficiency. METHODS: A total of 27 patients, including 22 with HCC and 5 with FNH, underwent liver 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging for routine sequences. They were concurrently examined by IVIM diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) scanning with 11 different b values (0-800 s/mm2)...
July 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702787/multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-transition-zone-prostate-cancer-essential-findings-limitations-and-future-directions
#12
REVIEW
Sara Lewis, Cecilia Besa, Ally Rosen, Ardeshir R Rastinehad, Sahar Semann, Stephanie Hectors, Bachir Taouli
OBJECTIVE: Review the multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) findings of transition zone (TZ) prostate cancer (PCa) using T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI and to integrate mpMRI findings with clinical history, laboratory values, and histopathology. CONCLUSION: TZ prostate tumors are challenging to detect clinically and at MRI. mpMRI using the combination of sequences has the potential to improve accuracy of TZ cancer detection and staging...
July 12, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702528/stability-and-growth-mechanism-of-self-assembling-putative-antifreeze-cyclic-peptides
#13
Z Faidon Brotzakis, Mascha Gehre, Ilja K Voets, Peter G Bolhuis
Cyclic peptides (CPs) that self-assemble in nanotubes can be candidates for use as antifreeze proteins. Based on the cyclic peptide sequence cyclo-[(l-LYS-d-ALA-l-LEU-d-ALA)2], which can stack into nanotubes, we propose a putative antifreeze cyclic peptide (AFCP) sequence, cyclo-[(l-LYS-d-ALA)2-(l-THR-d-ALA)2], containing THR-ALA-THR ice binding motifs. Using molecular dynamics simulations we investigate the stability of these cyclic peptides and their growth mechanism. Both nanotube sequences get more stable as a function of size...
July 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700648/highly-diverse-and-antimicrobial-susceptible-escherichia-coli-display-a-na%C3%A3-ve-bacterial-population-in-fruit-bats-from-the-republic-of-congo
#14
Kathrin Nowak, Jakob Fahr, Natalie Weber, Antina Lübke-Becker, Torsten Semmler, Sabrina Weiss, Jean-Vivien Mombouli, Lothar H Wieler, Sebastian Guenther, Fabian H Leendertz, Christa Ewers
Bats are suspected to be a reservoir of several bacterial and viral pathogens relevant to animal and human health, but studies on Escherichia coli in these animals are sparse. We investigated the presence of E. coli in tissue samples (liver, lung and intestines) collected from 50 fruit bats of five different species (Eidolon helvum, Epomops franqueti, Hypsignathus monstrosus, Myonycteris torquata, Rousettus aegyptiacus) of two different areas in the Republic of Congo between 2009 and 2010. To assess E. coli pathotypes and phylogenetic relationships, we determined the presence of 59 virulence associated genes and multilocus sequence types (STs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698943/noninvasive-electrical-conductivity-measurement-by-mri-a-test-of-its-validity-and-the-electrical-conductivity-characteristics-of-glioma
#15
Khin Khin Tha, Ulrich Katscher, Shigeru Yamaguchi, Christian Stehning, Shunsuke Terasaka, Noriyuki Fujima, Kohsuke Kudo, Ken Kazumata, Toru Yamamoto, Marc Van Cauteren, Hiroki Shirato
OBJECTIVES: This study noninvasively examined the electrical conductivity (σ) characteristics of diffuse gliomas using MRI and tested its validity. METHODS: MRI including a 3D steady-state free precession (3D SSFP) sequence was performed on 30 glioma patients. The σ maps were reconstructed from the phase images of the 3D SSFP sequence. The σ histogram metrics were extracted and compared among the contrast-enhanced (CET) and noncontrast-enhanced tumour components (NCET) and normal brain parenchyma (NP)...
July 11, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696850/advanced-mr-imaging-techniques-for-differentiation-of-neuropathic-arthropathy-and-osteomyelitis-in-the-diabetic-foot
#16
Teodoro Martín Noguerol, Antonio Luna Alcalá, Luis S Beltrán, Marta Gómez Cabrera, Jordi Broncano Cabrero, Joan C Vilanova
Diagnosis and treatment of foot disease in patients with diabetes is a common clinical-radiologic challenge, particularly the differentiation of neuropathic arthropathy from osteomyelitis. Conventional clinical tests and imaging techniques have limited accuracy for evaluation of the diabetic foot. The introduction of morphologic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in these patients has provided a qualitative leap in diagnosis. The characteristics of soft-tissue and bone marrow edema and their patterns of distribution throughout the foot allow discrimination between both entities...
July 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695675/the-role-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-prediction-liver-iron-concentration-in-beta-thalassaemia-patients
#17
Suha Akpinar, Guliz Yilmaz, Nail Bulakbasi, Murat Kocaoglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) to determine the liver parenchyma iron concentration in β-thalassaemia major patients. METHODS: Abdominal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, including gradient echo sequences and DWI sequences, was undertaken of 55 β-thalassaemia major patients. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of liver parenchyma were measured in seven regions at the level of the portal bifurcation and compared with liver iron concentration (LIC)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695339/different-information-by-mri-compare-to-ultrasound-in-fetal-intracranial-space-occupying-lesions
#18
Wei Xia, Gregor Kasprian, Daoyu Hu, Peng Xiao, Wenzhong Yang, Xinlin Chen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in characterizing fetal intracranial space occupying lesions in comparison to prenatal ultrasound. METHODS: This retrospective study included 50 fetuses (mean age 26 years, mean gestational weeks 31 + 1 GW) with intracranial space occupying lesions, suspected by prenatal screening ultrasound. T2-weighted, T1-weighted, SSFP, and diffusion-weighted sequences of the fetal brain were obtained on a 1...
July 10, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693504/prevalence-of-multi-drug-resistant-enteropathogenic-and-enteroinvasive-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-children-with-and-without-diarrhea-in-northeast-indian-population
#19
Karuppasamy Chellapandi, Tapan Kumar Dutta, Indu Sharma, Surajit De Mandal, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar, Lalsanglura Ralte
BACKGROUND: Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli are associated with infantile diarrhea in the developing countries. The present study was conducted to determine the occurrence and antimicrobial resistance pattern of enteropathogenic and enteroinvasive E. coli associated with diarrhoea among the paediatric patients. METHODS: A total of 262 stool samples were collected from children with and without diarrhea from Mizoram, Northeast India. E. coli were isolated and subjected to multiplex PCR to detect virulent genes of EPEC (eaeA and bfpA) and EIEC (ial)...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693449/multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-mucosal-primary-head-and-neck-cancer-a-prospective-imaging-biomarker-study
#20
Christopher N Rumley, Mark T Lee, Lois Holloway, Robba Rai, Myo Min, Dion Forstner, Allan Fowler, Gary Liney
BACKGROUND: Radical radiotherapy, with or without concomitant chemotherapy forms the mainstay of organ preservation approaches in mucosal primary head and neck cancer. Despite technical advances in cancer imaging and radiotherapy administration, a significant proportion of patients fail to achieve a complete response to treatment. For those patients who do achieve a complete response, acute and late toxicities remain a cause of morbidity. A critical need therefore exists for imaging biomarkers which are capable of informing patient selection for both treatment intensification and de-escalation strategies...
July 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
keyword
keyword
85416
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"