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Iron chelation

Zhen-Zhen Cao, Mei-Ling Qin, Xiao-Yan Lin, Zhi-Wei Zhu, Ming-Xue Chen
Sulfur (S) fertilizer application in rice (Oryza sativa L.) is crucial in determining rice grain productivity and quality. However, little information is available concerning the effect of S supply on cadmium (Cd) uptake and translocation in rice. In this study, both hydroponic and soil experiments were conducted to investigate the influence of S supply on Cd accumulation in rice under two Cd levels (0 and 50 μM), combined with three S concentrations (0, 2.64 and 5.28 mM). The moderate and excessive S supply (2...
March 13, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Fengxia Deng, Hugo Olvera-Vargas, Orlando Garcia-Rodriguez, Shan Qiu, Jixian Yang, Olivier Lefebvre
A composite nickel-iron-foam (Ni-Fe-F) electrode was used as a cathode in the electro-Fenton (EF) process at circum-neutral pH in the presence of sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) as supporting electrolyte. It was found that phenol degradation was dramatically improved by the synergistic effect of Ni-Fe-F and TPP, reaching 100% removal in 40 min, with kapp  = (8.90 ± 0.12) × 10-2 min-1 , which was about 18 times higher than that of Ni-Fe-F with sulfate as conventional electrolyte at pH 3.00 (kapp  = (5...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Carles Díez-López, Josep Comín-Colet, José González-Costello
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Iron overload cardiomyopathy (IOC) is an important predictor of prognosis in a significant number of patients with hereditary hemochromatosis and hematologic diseases. Its prevalence is increasing because of improved treatment strategies, which significantly improve life expectancy. We will review diagnosis, treatment, and recent findings in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: The development of preclinical translational disease models during the last years have helped our understanding of specific disease pathophysiological pathways that might eventually change the outcomes of these patients...
March 14, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
Nikunj B Bhatt, Darpan N Pandya, Thaddeus J Wadas
The interest in zirconium-89 (89 Zr) as a positron-emitting radionuclide has grown considerably over the last decade due to its standardized production, long half-life of 78.2 h, favorable decay characteristics for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging and its successful use in a variety of clinical and preclinical applications. However, to be utilized effectively in PET applications it must be stably bound to a targeting ligand, and the most successfully used89 Zr chelator is desferrioxamine B (DFO), which is commercially available as the iron chelator Desferal® ...
March 12, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Massimiliano Magro, Mattia Zaccarin, Giovanni Miotto, Laura Da Dalt, Davide Baratella, Piero Fariselli, Gianfranco Gabai, Fabio Vianello
Surface active maghemite nanoparticles (SAMNs) are able to recognize and bind selected proteins in complex biological systems, forming a hard protein corona. Upon a 5-min incubation in bovine whey from mastitis-affected cows, a significant enrichment of a single peptide characterized by a molecular weight at 4338 Da originated from the proteolysis of aS1 -casein was observed. Notably, among the large number of macromolecules in bovine milk, the detection of this specific peptide can hardly be accomplished by conventional analytical techniques...
March 12, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Kenji Sakamoto, Taishi Suzuki, Kosuke Takahashi, Takumi Koguchi, Tasuku Hirayama, Asami Mori, Tsutomu Nakahara, Hideko Nagasawa, Kunio Ishii
Excitoneurotoxicity is regarded as one of the mechanisms of the death of retinal ganglion cells induced by retinal central artery occlusion and glaucoma. Oxidative stress is at least in part involved in excitoneurotoxicity. Fenton reaction, which is catalyzed by Fe2+ , is known to cause formation of hydroxyl radical, one of reactive oxygen species, suggesting that chelation of iron may be protective against excitoneurotoxicity. In the present study, we histologically evaluated whether zinc-deferoxamine (Zn-DFO) and deferasirox (DFX), common iron-chelating agents, were protective against N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced retinal injury in the rat in vivo...
March 9, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Sumit Sahni, Jason R Hickok, Douglas D Thomas
The chelatable iron pool (CIP) is a small but chemically significant fraction of total cellular iron. While this dynamic population of iron is limited, it is redox active and capable of generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can lead to oxidative stress which is associated with various pathologies. Nitric oxide (•NO), is a free radical signalling molecule that regulates numerous physiological and pathological conditions. We have previously shown that macrophages exposed to endogenously generated or exogenously administered nitric oxide (•NO) results in its interaction with CIP to form dinitrosyliron complexes with thiol containing ligands (DNICs)...
March 6, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Luigi Rosa, Antimo Cutone, Maria Stefania Lepanto, Mellani Jinnett Scotti, Maria Pia Conte, Rosalba Paesano, Piera Valenti
Human and bovine lactoferrin (hLf and bLf) are multifunctional iron-binding glycoprotein constitutively synthesized and secreted by glandular epithelial cells and by neutrophils following induction. HLf and bLf possess very high similarity of sequence. Therefore, most of the in vitro and in vivo studies are carried out with commercial bLf (cbLf), available in large quantities and recognized by Food and Drug Administration (FDA, USA) as a safe substance. Physico-chemical heterogeneity of different cbLf preparations influences their effectiveness...
March 7, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
David Chan-Rodriguez, Elsbeth L Walker
The micronutrient iron (Fe) is essential for photosynthesis, respiration, and many other processes, but it is only sparingly soluble in aqueous solution, making adequate acquisition by plants a serious challenge. Fe is a limiting factor for plant growth on approximately 30% of the world's arable lands. Moreover, Fe deficiency in humans is a global health issue, affecting 1.62 billion people, or about 25% of the world's population. It is imperative that we gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that plants use to regulate iron homeostasis, since these will be important targets for future biofortification and crop improvement strategies...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
P M Rolim, G P Fidelis, C E A Padilha, E S Santos, H A O Rocha, G R Macedo
Melon (Cucumis melo L.) has high economic value and in recent years, its production has increased; however, part of the fruit is wasted. Usually, inedible parts such as peel and seeds are discarded during processing and consumption. Extracts of melon residues were prepared and their phenolic compounds, antioxidants and antiproliferative activities were evaluated. Total phenolic compounds were found in hydroethanolic, hydromethanolic, and aqueous extracts, especially for melon peel (1.016 mg gallic acid equivalent/100 g)...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
José Teixeira, Catarina Oliveira, Fernando Cagide, Ricardo Amorim, Jorge Garrido, Fernanda Borges, Paulo J Oliveira
Pharmacological interventions targeting mitochondria present several barriers for a complete efficacy. Therefore, a new mitochondriotropic antioxidant (AntiOxBEN3 ) based on the dietary antioxidant gallic acid was developed. AntiOxBEN3 accumulated several thousand-fold inside isolated rat liver mitochondria, without causing disruption of the oxidative phosphorylation apparatus, as seen by the unchanged respiratory control ratio, phosphorylation efficiency, and transmembrane electric potential. AntiOxBEN3 showed also limited toxicity on human hepatocarcinoma cells...
December 2018: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Sara Pelucchi, Raffaella Mariani, Giulia Ravasi, Irene Pelloni, Massimo Marano, Lucio Tremolizzo, Massimo Alessio, Alberto Piperno
INTRODUCTION: Aceruloplasminemia is an ultra-rare hereditary disorder characterized by iron-restricted microcytic anemia and tissue iron overload associated with diabetes, retinal and progressive neurological degeneration. We describe genotypes and phenotypes at diagnosis, and disease evolution of seven Italian patients. METHODS: Anagraphical, biochemical, genetic, clinical and instrumental data were collected at diagnosis and during a long-term follow-up. Mutations, ferroxidase activity and Western Blot analysis of ceruloplasmin were performed according to standard protocols...
February 24, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Juliane Hoyer, Jürgen Bartel, Alejandro Gómez-Mejia, Manfred Rohde, Claudia Hirschfeld, Nathalie Heß, Thomas Sura, Sandra Maaß, Sven Hammerschmidt, Dörte Becher
Iron is an essential trace element and involved in various key metabolic pathways in bacterial lifestyle. Within the human host, iron is extremely limited. Hence, the ability of bacteria to acquire iron from the environment is critical for a successful infection. Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus) is a human pathobiont colonizing symptomless the human respiratory tract, but can also cause various local and invasive infections. To survive and proliferate pneumococci have therefore to adapt their metabolism and virulence factor repertoire to different host compartments...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
Hirofumi Inoue, Nobuaki Hanawa, Rie Katsumata-Tsuboi, Shi-Ichi Katsumata, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Mariko Uehara
To our knowledge, this is the first study to report down-regulation of senescence marker protein 30 (SMP30) by iron-specific chelator deferoxamine (DFO) on FAO cell senescence, using a DNA microarray. Furthermore, DFO treatment increased senescence marker β-galactosidase activity, whereas this activity was attenuated by overexpression of SMP30. Our data suggested that down-regulation of SMP30 drives cell senescence in iron-chelated condition.
March 1, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Dustin C Ernst, Diana M Downs
A variety of metabolic deficiencies and human diseases arise from the disruption of mitochondrial enzymes and/or loss of mitochondrial DNA. Mounting evidence shows that eukaryotes have conserved enzymes that prevent the accumulation of reactive metabolites that cause stress inside the mitochondrion. 2-Aminoacrylate is a reactive enamine generated by pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent α,β-eliminases as an obligatory intermediate in the breakdown of serine. In prokaryotes, members of the broadly conserved RidA family (PF14588) prevent metabolic stress by deaminating 2-aminoacrylate to pyruvate...
February 27, 2018: MBio
Boonyanuch Chutvanichkul, Phantip Vattanaviboon, Sumana Mas-Oodi, Yaowalak U-Pratya, Wanchai Wanachiwanawin
BACKGROUND: Labile iron pool (LIP) is intracellular non-protein bound iron that can generate oxygen radicals via the Fenton reaction resulting in oxidative cell damage. Therefore, quantitative measurement of LIP will be helpful for detecting and monitoring the toxic iron status in iron overloaded patients. This study demonstrated LIP level and its correlation to oxidative stress status in β-thalassemic erythrocytes. METHODS: LIP and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, numbers of erythrocyte vesicles and apoptosis were assayed by flow cytometric methods in 30 blood samples from β-thalassemia/hemoglobin E patients and 17 blood samples from healthy volunteers with normal hemoglobin type...
February 27, 2018: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
Martijn F Hoes, Niels Grote Beverborg, J David Kijlstra, Jeroen Kuipers, Dorine W Swinkels, Ben N G Giepmans, Richard J Rodenburg, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Rudolf A de Boer, Peter van der Meer
AIMS: Iron deficiency is common in patients with heart failure and associated with a poor cardiac function and higher mortality. How iron deficiency impairs cardiac function on a cellular level in the human setting is unknown. This study aims to determine the direct effects of iron deficiency and iron repletion on human cardiomyocytes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes were depleted of iron by incubation with the iron chelator deferoxamine (DFO)...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
Meghan M Verstraete, Cecilia Perez-Borrajero, Kirstin L Brown, David E Heinrichs, Michael E P Murphy
Staphyloferrin B (SB) is an iron-chelating siderophore produced by Staphylococcus aureus in invasive infections. Proteins for SB biosynthesis and export are encoded by the sbnABCDEFGHI gene cluster, in which SbnI, a member of the ParB/Srx superfamily, acts as a heme-dependent transcriptional regulator of the sbn locus. However, no structural or functional information about SbnI is available. Here, a crystal structure of SbnI revealed striking structural similarity to an ADP-dependent free serine kinase, SerK, from the archaea Thermococcus kodakarensis We found that features of the active sites are conserved, and biochemical assays, and 31P NMR and HPLC analyses indicated that SbnI is also a free serine kinase but uses ATP rather than ADP as phosphate donor to generate the SB precursor O-phospho-L-serine (OPS)...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Methichit Wattanapanitch, Nattaya Damkham, Ponthip Potirat, Kongtana Trakarnsanga, Montira Janan, Yaowalak U-Pratya, Pakpoom Kheolamai, Nuttha Klincumhom, Surapol Issaragrisil
BACKGROUND: Thalassemia is the most common genetic disease worldwide; those with severe disease require lifelong blood transfusion and iron chelation therapy. The definitive cure for thalassemia is allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which is limited due to lack of HLA-matched donors and the risk of post-transplant complications. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology offers prospects for autologous cell-based therapy which could avoid the immunological problems...
February 26, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Qi An, Conghai Fan, Shumei Xu
β-thalassaemia is a potentially lethal hereditary anaemia, caused by reduced or absent expression of HBB polypeptide chains of adult haemoglobin (HbA: α2β2). Current curative treatments options are limited to few patients, while alternative, chronic palliative therapy consisting of frequent transfusions coupled with iron chelation therapy, are costly. The above treatments also affect quality of life of patients. A search was conducted in the electronic databases like medline, pubmed, etc. for screening studies reporting various aspects including gene therapy, prevention strategies, blood, transfusion and chelation therapy for the management of β-thalassaemia...
February 23, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
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