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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072877/motor-cortex-theta-and-gamma-architecture-in-young-adult-appsweps1de9-alzheimer-mice
#1
Anna Papazoglou, Julien Soos, Andreas Lundt, Carola Wormuth, Varun Raj Ginde, Ralf Müller, Christina Henseler, Karl Broich, Kan Xie, Britta Haenisch, Dan Ehninger, Marco Weiergräber
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial disorder leading to progressive memory loss and eventually death. In this study, an APPswePS1dE9 AD mouse model has been analyzed for motor cortex theta, beta and gamma frequency alterations using computerized 3D stereotaxic electrode positioning and implantable video-EEG radiotelemetry to perform long-term M1 recordings from both genders considering age, circadian rhythm and activity status of experimental animals. We previously demonstrated that APPswePS1dE9 mice exibit complex alterations in hippocampal frequency power and another recent investigation reported a global increase of alpha, beta and gamma power in APPswePS1dE9 in females of 16-17 weeks of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067224/updating-temporal-expectancy-of-an-aversive-event-engages-striatal-plasticity-under-amygdala-control
#2
Glenn Dallérac, Michael Graupner, Jeroen Knippenberg, Raquel Chacon Ruiz Martinez, Tatiane Ferreira Tavares, Lucille Tallot, Nicole El Massioui, Anna Verschueren, Sophie Höhn, Julie Boulanger Bertolus, Alex Reyes, Joseph E LeDoux, Glenn E Schafe, Lorenzo Diaz-Mataix, Valérie Doyère
Pavlovian aversive conditioning requires learning of the association between a conditioned stimulus (CS) and an unconditioned, aversive stimulus (US) but also involves encoding the time interval between the two stimuli. The neurobiological bases of this time interval learning are unknown. Here, we show that in rats, the dorsal striatum and basal amygdala belong to a common functional network underlying temporal expectancy and learning of a CS-US interval. Importantly, changes in coherence between striatum and amygdala local field potentials (LFPs) were found to couple these structures during interval estimation within the lower range of the theta rhythm (3-6 Hz)...
January 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059806/intrahemispheric-theta-rhythm-desynchronization-impairs-working-memory
#3
Ivan Alekseichuk, Stefanie Corinna Pabel, Andrea Antal, Walter Paulus
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in large-scale connectivity as one of the crucial factors in working memory. Correlative evidence has revealed the anatomical and electrophysiological players in the working memory network, but understanding of the effective role of their connectivity remains elusive. OBJECTIVE: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study we aimed to identify the causal role of theta phase connectivity in visual-spatial working memory. METHODS: The frontoparietal network was over- or de-synchronized in the anterior-posterior direction by multi-electrode, 6 Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS)...
January 3, 2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032686/impairments-in-spatial-representations-and-rhythmic-coordination-of-place-cells-in-the-3xtg-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Alexandra J Mably, Brian J Gereke, Dylan T Jones, Laura Lee Colgin
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an irreversible and highly progressive neurodegenerative disease. Clinically, patients with AD display impairments in episodic and spatial memory. However, the underlying neuronal dysfunctions that result in these impairments remain poorly understood. The hippocampus is crucial for spatial and episodic memory, and thus we tested the hypothesis that abnormal neuronal representations of space in the hippocampus contribute to memory deficits in AD. To test this hypothesis, we recorded spikes from place cells in hippocampal subfield CA1, together with corresponding rhythmic activity in local field potentials, in the 3xTg AD mouse model...
December 29, 2016: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025094/serotonergic-mechanisms-of-trigeminal-meningeal-nociception-implications-for-migraine-pain
#5
Erkan Kilinc, Cindy Guerrero-Toro, Andrey Zakharov, Carmela Vitale, Max Gubert-Olive, Ksenia Koroleva, Arina Timonina, Liliana L Luz, Irina Shelukhina, Raisa Giniatullina, Fatma Tore, Boris V Safronov, Rashid Giniatullin
Serotonergic mechanisms play a central role in migraine pathology. However, the region-specific effects of serotonin (5-HT) mediated via multiple types of receptors in the nociceptive system are poorly understood. Using extracellular and patch-clamp recordings, we studied the action of 5-HT on the excitability of peripheral and central terminals of trigeminal afferents. 5-HT evoked long-lasting TTX-sensitive firing in the peripheral terminals of meningeal afferents, the origin site of migraine pain. Cluster analysis revealed that in majority of nociceptive fibers 5-HT induced either transient or persistent spiking activity with prevailing delta and theta rhythms...
December 23, 2016: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009257/interneuronal-mechanisms-of-hippocampal-theta-oscillation-in-a-full-scale-model-of-the-rodent-ca1-circuit
#6
Marianne J Bezaire, Ivan Raikov, Kelly Burk, Dhrumil Vyas, Ivan Soltesz
The hippocampal theta rhythm plays important roles in information processing; however, the mechanisms of its generation are not well understood. We developed a data-driven, supercomputer-based, full-scale (1:1) model of the rodent CA1 area and studied its interneurons during theta oscillations. Theta rhythm with phase-locked gamma oscillations and phase-preferential discharges of distinct interneuronal types spontaneously emerged from the isolated CA1 circuit without rhythmic inputs. Perturbation experiments identified parvalbumin-expressing interneurons and neurogliaform cells, as well as interneuronal diversity itself, as important factors in theta generation...
December 23, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933672/single-neuron-activity-and-theta-modulation-in-the-posterior-parietal-cortex-in-a-visuospatial-attention-task
#7
Fang-Chi Yang, T K Jacobson, R D Burwell
The posterior parietal cortex (PPC) is implicated in directing and maintaining visual attention to locations in space. We hypothesized that the PPC also engages other cognitive processes in the transformation of behaviorally relevant visual inputs into appropriate actions, for example, monitoring of multiple locations, selection of responses to locations in space, and monitoring the outcome of response selections. We recorded single cells and local field potentials in the rat PPC during performance on a novel visuospatial attention (VSA) task that requires visually monitoring locations in space in order to make appropriate stimulus-guided locomotor responses...
December 9, 2016: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927782/modeling-fast-and-slow-gamma-oscillations-with-interneurons-of-different-subtype
#8
Stephen Keeley, André A Fenton, John Rinzel
Experimental and theoretical studies demonstrate that neuronal gamma oscillations crucially depend on interneurons, but current models do not consider the diversity of known interneuron subtypes. Moreover, in CA1 of the hippocampus, experimental evidence indicates the presence of multiple gamma oscillators, two of which may be coordinated by differing interneuron populations. Here, we show that models of networks with competing interneuron populations with different post-synaptic effects are sufficient to generate, within CA1, distinct oscillatory regimes...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899890/causal-role-of-thalamic-interneurons-in-brain-state-transitions-a-study-using-a-neural-mass-model-implementing-synaptic-kinetics
#9
Basabdatta Sen Bhattacharya, Thomas P Bond, Louise O'Hare, Daniel Turner, Simon J Durrant
Experimental studies on the Lateral Geniculate Nucleus (LGN) of mammals and rodents show that the inhibitory interneurons (IN) receive around 47.1% of their afferents from the retinal spiking neurons, and constitute around 20-25% of the LGN cell population. However, there is a definite gap in knowledge about the role and impact of IN on thalamocortical dynamics in both experimental and model-based research. We use a neural mass computational model of the LGN with three neural populations viz. IN, thalamocortical relay (TCR), thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN), to study the causality of IN on LGN oscillations and state-transitions...
2016: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886711/eeg-epochs-with-less-alpha-rhythm-improve-discrimination-of-mild-alzheimer-s
#10
Paulo A M Kanda, Eliezyer F Oliveira, Francisco J Fraga
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Eyes-closed-awake electroencephalogram (EEG) is a useful tool in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's. However, there is eyes-closed-awake EEG with dominant or rare alpha rhythm. In this paper, we show that random selection of EEG epochs disregarding the alpha rhythm will lead to bias concerning EEG-based Alzheimer's Disease diagnosis. METHODS: We compared EEG epochs with more than 30% and with less than 30% alpha rhythm of mild Alzheimer's Disease patients and healthy elderly...
January 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880004/causal-relationships-among-neurons-of-the-nucleus-incertus-and-the-hippocampal-theta-activity-in-the-rat
#11
Sergio Martínez-Bellver, Ana Cervera-Ferri, Aina Luque-García, Joana Martínez-Ricós, Alfonso Valverde-Navarro, Manuel Bataller, Juan Guerrero, Vicent Teruel-Marti
In recent years, a body of evidence has shown that the nucleus incertus (NI), in the dorsal tegmental pons, is a key node of the brainstem circuitry involved in hippocampal theta rhythmicity. Ascending reticular brainstem system activation evokes hippocampal theta rhythm with coupled neuronal activity in the NI. In a recent paper, we showed three populations of neurons in the NI with differential firings during hippocampal theta activation. The objective of this work is to better evaluate the causal relationship between the activity of NI neurons and the hippocampus during theta activation in order to further understand the role of the NI in the theta network...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821966/effects-of-neurofeedback-training-on-the-brain-wave-of-adults-with-forward-head-posture
#12
Hyun-Ju Oh, Gui-Bin Song
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of neurofeedback training on electroencephalogram changes in the cervical spine in adults with forward head posture through x-ray. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of the study were 40 college students with forward head posture, randomly divided into a neurofeedback training group (NFTG, n=20) and a control group (CG, n=20). The neurofeedback training group performed six sessions of pottery and archery games, each for two minutes, three times per week for four weeks, while using the neurofeedback system...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821482/toward-an-attention-based-diagnostic-tool-for-patients-with-locked-in-syndrome
#13
Damien Lesenfants, Dina Habbal, Camille Chatelle, Andrea Soddu, Steven Laureys, Quentin Noirhomme
Electroencephalography (EEG) has been proposed as a supplemental tool for reducing clinical misdiagnosis in severely brain-injured populations helping to distinguish conscious from unconscious patients. We studied the use of spectral entropy as a measure of focal attention in order to develop a motor-independent, portable, and objective diagnostic tool for patients with locked-in syndrome (LIS), answering the issues of accuracy and training requirement. Data from 20 healthy volunteers, 6 LIS patients, and 10 patients with a vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS) were included...
November 7, 2016: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815577/reduced-mind-wandering-in-experienced-meditators-and-associated-eeg-correlates
#14
Tracy Brandmeyer, Arnaud Delorme
One outstanding question in the contemplative science literature relates to the direct impact of meditation experience on the monitoring of internal states and its respective correspondence with neural activity. In particular, to what extent does meditation influence the awareness, duration and frequency of the tendency of the mind to wander. To assess the relation between mind wandering and meditation, we tested 2 groups of meditators, one with a moderate level of experience (non-expert) and those who are well advanced in their practice (expert)...
November 4, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813230/the-functional-role-of-human-right-hippocampal-parahippocampal-theta-rhythm-in-environmental-encoding-during-virtual-spatial-navigation
#15
Yi Pu, Brian R Cornwell, Douglas Cheyne, Blake W Johnson
Low frequency theta band oscillations (4-8 Hz) are thought to provide a timing mechanism for hippocampal place cell firing and to mediate the formation of spatial memory. In rodents, hippocampal theta has been shown to play an important role in encoding a new environment during spatial navigation, but a similar functional role of hippocampal theta in humans has not been firmly established. To investigate this question, we recorded healthy participants' brain responses with a 160-channel whole-head MEG system as they performed two training sets of a virtual Morris water maze task...
November 4, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802274/topology-cross-frequency-and-same-frequency-band-interactions-shape-the-generation-of-phase-amplitude-coupling-in-a-neural-mass-model-of-a-cortical-column
#16
Roberto C Sotero
Phase-amplitude coupling (PAC), a type of cross-frequency coupling (CFC) where the phase of a low-frequency rhythm modulates the amplitude of a higher frequency, is becoming an important indicator of information transmission in the brain. However, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying its generation remain undetermined. A realistic, yet tractable computational model of the phenomenon is thus needed. Here we analyze a neural mass model of a cortical column, comprising fourteen neuronal populations distributed across four layers (L2/3, L4, L5 and L6)...
November 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791064/infants-preferences-for-native-speakers-are-associated-with-an-expectation-of-information
#17
Katarina Begus, Teodora Gliga, Victoria Southgate
Humans' preference for others who share our group membership is well documented, and this heightened valuation of in-group members seems to be rooted in early development. Before 12 mo of age, infants already show behavioral preferences for others who evidence cues to same-group membership such as race or native language, yet the function of this selectivity remains unclear. We examine one of these social biases, the preference for native speakers, and propose that this preference may result from infants' motivation to obtain information and the expectation that interactions with native speakers will provide better opportunities for learning...
November 1, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790169/large-scale-functional-brain-networks-underlying-temporal-integration-of-audio-visual-speech-perception-an-eeg-study
#18
G Vinodh Kumar, Tamesh Halder, Amit K Jaiswal, Abhishek Mukherjee, Dipanjan Roy, Arpan Banerjee
Observable lip movements of the speaker influence perception of auditory speech. A classical example of this influence is reported by listeners who perceive an illusory (cross-modal) speech sound (McGurk-effect) when presented with incongruent audio-visual (AV) speech stimuli. Recent neuroimaging studies of AV speech perception accentuate the role of frontal, parietal, and the integrative brain sites in the vicinity of the superior temporal sulcus (STS) for multisensory speech perception. However, if and how does the network across the whole brain participates during multisensory perception processing remains an open question...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779906/medial-prefrontal-medial-temporal-theta-phase-coupling-in-dynamic-spatial-imagery
#19
Raphael Kaplan, Daniel Bush, James A Bisby, Aidan J Horner, Sofie S Meyer, Neil Burgess
Hippocampal-medial prefrontal interactions are thought to play a crucial role in mental simulation. Notably, the frontal midline/medial pFC (mPFC) theta rhythm in humans has been linked to introspective thought and working memory. In parallel, theta rhythms have been proposed to coordinate processing in the medial temporal cortex, retrosplenial cortex (RSc), and parietal cortex during the movement of viewpoint in imagery, extending their association with physical movement in rodent models. Here, we used noninvasive whole-head MEG to investigate theta oscillatory power and phase-locking during the 18-sec postencoding delay period of a spatial working memory task, in which participants imagined previously learned object sequences either on a blank background (object maintenance), from a first-person viewpoint in a scene (static imagery), or moving along a path past the objects (dynamic imagery)...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763967/functional-mri-correlates-of-resting-state-temporal-theta-and-delta-eeg-rhythms
#20
Rohit A Marawar, Hsiang J Yeh, Christopher J Carnabatu, John M Stern
PURPOSE: The EEG rhythms demonstrate changes in frequency and power with spontaneous changes in behavioral state that do not have well-understood metabolic correlates within the brain. To investigate this question and compare the temporal lobe theta and delta rhythms, resting-state functional MRI was obtained with simultaneous EEG. METHODS: Simultaneous EEG-functional MRI was recorded from 14 healthy sleep-deprived subjects in awake and drowsy states. Scalp electrodes corresponding to bilateral temporal lobes were used to calculate delta and theta band power...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
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