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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337126/competition-between-persistent-na-and-muscarine-sensitive-k-currents-shapes-perithreshold-resonance-and-spike-tuning-in-ca1-pyramidal-neurons
#1
Jorge Vera, Julio Alcayaga, Magdalena Sanhueza
Neurons from many brain regions display intrinsic subthreshold theta-resonance, responding preferentially to theta-frequency oscillatory stimuli. Resonance may contribute to selective communication among neurons and to orchestrate brain rhythms. CA1 pyramidal neurons receive theta activity, generating place fields. In these neurons the expression of perithreshold frequency preference is controversial, particularly in the spiking regime, with evidence favoring either non-resonant (integrator-like) or resonant behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330876/electrocorticographic-dynamics-as-a-novel-biomarker-in-five-models-of-epileptogenesis
#2
Dan Z Milikovsky, Itai Weissberg, Lyna Solomon-Kamintsky, Kristina Lippmann, Osnat Schefenbauer, Federica Frigerio, Massimo Rizzi, Liron Sheintuch, Daniel Zelig, Jonathan Ofer, Annamaria Vezzani, Alon Friedman
Post injury epilepsy (PIE) is a devastating sequela of various brain insults. While recent studies offer novel insights into the mechanisms underlying epileptogenesis and discover potential preventive treatments, the lack of PIE biomarkers hinders the clinical implementation of such treatments. Here we explored the biomarker potential of different electrographic features in five models of PIE. Electrocorticographic or intrahippocampal recordings of epileptogenesis (from the insult to the first spontaneous seizure) from two laboratories were analyzed in 3 mouse and 2 rat PIE models...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319878/visual-stimuli-modulate-frontal-oscillatory-rhythms-in-a-cortically-blind-patient-evidence-for-top-down-visual-processing
#3
Eda Tipura, Alan J Pegna, Beatrice de Gelder, Olivier Renaud
OBJECTIVE: We investigated neuronal correlates of faces versus non-faces processing in a cortically blind patient (TN) and a group of healthy age-matched controls in order to test electrophysiological correlates of the processing of pertinent stimuli in this patient. METHODS: An EEG paradigm was used, in which intact and scrambled faces were displayed on a screen. First, time-frequency transforms were conducted on the patients' data alone. These oscillations were then compared to the frontal activity of six control participants...
February 23, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318488/computational-models-of-o-lm-cells-are-recruited-by-low-or-high-theta-frequency-inputs-depending-on-h-channel-distributions
#4
Vladislav Sekulić, Frances K Skinner
Although biophysical details of inhibitory neurons are becoming known, it is challenging to map these details onto function. Oriens-lacunosum/moleculare (O-LM) cells are inhibitory cells in the hippocampus that gate information flow, firing while phase-locked to theta rhythms. We build on our existing computational model database of O-LM cells to link model with function. We place our models in high-conductance states and modulate inhibitory inputs at a wide range of frequencies. We find preferred spiking recruitment of models at high (4-9 Hz) or low (2-5 Hz) theta depending on, respectively, the presence or absence of h-channels on their dendrites...
March 20, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271390/alpha-beta-the-rhythm-of-the-attentional-blink
#5
Kimron L Shapiro, Simon Hanslmayr, James T Enns, Alejandro Lleras
Extant theories of the attentional blink propose that the most critical factor in determining second target accuracy is the time that elapses between the first and second targets. We report that this conclusion has overlooked an equally important determinant, namely, the frequency of the entraining stream in which these targets are embedded. Specifically, we show in two experiments that the signature of the attentional blink-second target accuracy that increases with intertarget lag-is significantly larger for entraining streams that are in the alpha-beta frequency range, relative to streams that are slower (theta) or faster (gamma)...
March 7, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258363/theta-rhythm-makes-the-world-go-round-dissociative-effects-of-tms-theta-versus-alpha-entrainment-of-right-ptpj-on-embodied-perspective-transformations
#6
Gerard Gooding-Williams, Hongfang Wang, Klaus Kessler
Being able to imagine another person's experience and perspective of the world is a crucial human ability and recent reports suggest that humans "embody" another's viewpoint by mentally rotating their own body representation into the other's orientation. Our recent Magnetoencephalography (MEG) data further confirmed this notion of embodied perspective transformations and pinpointed the right posterior temporo-parietal junction (pTPJ) as the crucial hub in a distributed network oscillating at theta frequency (3-7 Hz)...
March 3, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252601/-specificity-of-spatial-organization-of-evoked-eeg-rhythms-in-patients-with-paranoid-schizophrenia
#7
V K Bochkarev, A V Kirenskaya, S V Solnceva, A A Tkachenko
AIM: The study aimed at analyzing the spatial patterns of evoked event-related oscillations in patients with paranoid schizophrenia and their relationship with clinical symptoms of disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evoked delta, theta, alpha, beta, and gamma rhythms in response to target auditory stimulus in an oddball paradigm were studied in 21 schizophrenic patients and 22 healthy subjects. The independent spatial patterns were revealed within each of the frequency range using the principal component analysis...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237801/inactivation-of-the-medial-mammillary-nucleus-attenuates-theta-rhythm-activity-in-the-hippocampus-in-urethane-anesthetized-rats
#8
Witold Żakowski, Łukasz Braszka, Piotr Zawistowski, Jolanta Orzeł-Gryglewska, Edyta Jurkowlaniec
Although the importance of the mammillary body for memory and learning processes is well known, its exact role has remained vague. The fact, that many neurons in one nucleus of the mammillary body in rats, i.e. the medial mammillary nucleus (MM), fires according with hippocampal theta rhythm, makes this structure crucial for a theta rhythm signaling in so-called extended hippocampal system. These neurons are driven by descending projections from the hippocampal formation, but it is still unknown whether the mammillary body only conveys theta rhythm or may also modulate it...
February 22, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223926/frontal-functional-connectivity-of-electrocorticographic-delta-and-theta-rhythms-during-action-execution-versus-action-observation-in-humans
#9
Claudio Babiloni, Claudio Del Percio, Susanna Lopez, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Pier P Quarato, Luigi Pavone, Roberta Morace, Andrea Soricelli, Giuseppe Noce, Vincenzo Esposito, Vittorio Gallese, Giovanni Mirabella
We have previously shown that in seven drug-resistant epilepsy patients, both reaching-grasping of objects and the mere observation of those actions did desynchronize subdural electrocorticographic (ECoG) alpha (8-13 Hz) and beta (14-30) rhythms as a sign of cortical activation in primary somatosensory-motor, lateral premotor and ventral prefrontal areas (Babiloni et al., 2016a). Furthermore, that desynchronization was greater during action execution than during its observation. In the present exploratory study, we reanalyzed those ECoG data to evaluate the proof-of-concept that lagged linear connectivity (LLC) between primary somatosensory-motor, lateral premotor and ventral prefrontal areas would be enhanced during the action execution compared to the mere observation due to a greater flow of visual and somatomotor information...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223484/rhythmic-brain-stimulation-reduces-anxiety-related-behavior-in-a-mouse-model-based-on-meditation-training
#10
Aldis P Weible, Denise M Piscopo, Mary K Rothbart, Michael I Posner, Cristopher M Niell
Meditation training induces changes at both the behavioral and neural levels. A month of meditation training can reduce self-reported anxiety and other dimensions of negative affect. It also can change white matter as measured by diffusion tensor imaging and increase resting-state midline frontal theta activity. The current study tests the hypothesis that imposing rhythms in the mouse anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), by using optogenetics to induce oscillations in activity, can produce behavioral changes. Mice were randomly assigned to groups and were given twenty 30-min sessions of light pulses delivered at 1, 8, or 40 Hz over 4 wk or were assigned to a no-laser control condition...
March 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217811/-quantitative-evaluation-of-inhibitory-effects-of-epileptic-spikes-on-theta-rhythms-in-the-network-of-hippocampal-ca3-and-entorhinal-cortex-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#11
Man-Ling Ge, Jun-Dan Guo, Sheng-Hua Chen, Ji-Chang Zhang, Xiao-Xuan Fu, Yu-Min Chen
Epileptic spike is an indicator of hyper-excitability and hyper-synchrony in the neural networks. The inhibitory effects of spikes on theta rhythms (4-8 Hz) might be helpful to understand the mechanism of epileptic damage on the cognitive functions. To quantitatively evaluate the inhibitory effects of spikes on theta rhythms, intracerebral electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings with both sporadic spikes (SSs) and spike-free transient period between adjacent spikes were selected in 4 patients in the status of rapid eyes movement (REM) sleep with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) under the pre-surgical monitoring...
February 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210848/prefrontal-hippocampal-coupling-by-theta-rhythm-and-by-2-5%C3%A2-hz-oscillation-in-the-delta-band-the-role-of-the-nucleus-reuniens-of-the-thalamus
#12
Alexis Roy, Frans Pettersson Svensson, Amna Mazeh, Bernat Kocsis
Rhythmic synchronizations of hippocampus (HC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) at theta frequencies (4-8 Hz) are thought to mediate key cognitive functions, and disruptions of HC-PFC coupling were implicated in psychiatric diseases. Theta coupling is thought to represent a HC-to-PFC drive transmitted via the well-described unidirectional HC projection to PFC. In comparison, communication in the PFC-to-HC direction is less understood, partly because no known direct anatomical connection exists. Two recent findings, i...
February 16, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196142/moderate-injury-in-motor-sensory-cortex-causes-behavioral-deficits-accompanied-by-electrophysiological-changes-in-mice-adulthood
#13
Wei Ouyang, Qichao Yan, Yu Zhang, Zhiheng Fan
Moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children often happen when there's a sudden blow to the frontal bone, end with long unconscious which can last for hours and progressive cognitive deficits. However, with regard to the influences of moderate TBI during children adulthood, injury-induced alterations of locomotive ability, long-term memory performance, and hippocampal electrophysiological firing changes have not yet been fully identified. In this study, lateral fluid percussion (LFP) method was used to fabricate moderate TBI in motor and somatosensory cortex of the 6-weeks-old mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195129/low-frequency-theta-oscillations-in-the-human-hippocampus-during-real-world-and-virtual-navigation
#14
Véronique D Bohbot, Milagros S Copara, Jean Gotman, Arne D Ekstrom
Low-Frequency Oscillations (LFO) in the range of 7-9 Hz, or theta rhythm, has been recorded in rodents ambulating in the real world. However, intra-hippocampus EEG recordings during virtual navigation in humans have consistently reported LFO that appear to predominate around 3-4 Hz. Here we report clear evidence of 7-9 Hz rhythmicity in raw intra-hippocampus EEG traces during real as well as virtual movement. Oscillations typically occur at a lower frequency in virtual than real world navigation. This study highlights the possibility that human and rodent hippocampal EEG activity are not as different as previously reported and this difference may arise, in part, due to the lack of actual movement in previous human navigation studies, which were virtual...
February 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193169/eeg-correlates-of-working-memory-performance-in-females
#15
Yuri G Pavlov, Boris Kotchoubey
BACKGROUND: The study investigates oscillatory brain activity during working memory (WM) tasks. The tasks employed varied in two dimensions. First, they differed in complexity from average to highly demanding. Second, we used two types of tasks, which required either only retention of stimulus set or retention and manipulation of the content. We expected to reveal EEG correlates of temporary storage and central executive components of WM and to assess their contribution to individual differences...
February 13, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174610/frequency-shift-in-topography-of-spontaneous-brain-rhythms-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#16
E I Rodríguez-Martínez, F J Ruiz-Martínez, C I Barriga Paulino, Carlos M Gómez
It has been described that the frequency ranges at which theta, mu and alpha rhythms oscillate is increasing with age. The present report, by analyzing the spontaneous EEG, tries to demonstrate whether there is an increase with age in the frequency at which the cortical structures oscillate. A topographical approach was followed. The spontaneous EEG of one hundredand seventy subjects was recorded. The spectral power (from 0.5 to 45.5 Hz) was obtained by means of the Fast Fourier Transform. Correlations of spatial topographies among the different age groups showed that older groups presented the same topographical maps as younger groups, but oscillating at higher frequencies...
February 2017: Cognitive Neurodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169219/open-ephys-an-open-source-plugin-based-platform-for-multichannel-electrophysiology
#17
Joshua Handman Siegle, Aarón Cuevas López, Yogi Patel, Kirill Abramov, Shay Ohayon, Jakob Voigts
OBJECTIVE: Closed-loop experiments, in which causal interventions are conditioned on the state of the system under investigation, have become increasingly common in neuroscience. Such experiments can have a high degree of explanatory power, but they require a precise implementation that can be difficult to replicate across laboratories. We sought to overcome this limitation by building open-source software that makes it easier to develop and share algorithms for closed-loop control. APPROACH: We created the Open Ephys GUI, an open-source platform for multichannel electrophysiology experiments...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167901/astrocytic-ip3-ca-2-signaling-modulates-theta-rhythm-and-rem-sleep
#18
Jeannine Foley, Tamara Blutstein, SoYoung Lee, Christophe Erneux, Michael M Halassa, Philip Haydon
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep onset is triggered by disinhibition of cholinergic neurons in the pons. During REM sleep, the brain exhibits prominent activity in the 5-8 Hz (theta) frequency range. How REM sleep onset and theta waves are regulated is poorly understood. Astrocytes, a non-neuronal cell type in the brain, respond to cholinergic signals by elevating their intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. The goal of this study was to assess the sleep architecture of mice with attenuated IP3 mediated Ca(2+) signaling in astrocytes...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159686/frequency-specific-electrophysiologic-correlates-of-resting-state-fmri-networks
#19
Carl D Hacker, Abraham Z Snyder, Mrinal Pahwa, Maurizio Corbetta, Eric C Leuthardt
Resting state functional MRI (R-fMRI) studies have shown that slow (<0.1Hz), intrinsic fluctuations of the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal are temporally correlated within hierarchically organized functional systems known as resting state networks (RSNs) (Doucet et al., 2011). Most broadly, this hierarchy exhibits a dichotomy between two opposed systems (Fox et al., 2005). One system engages with the environment and includes the visual, auditory, and sensorimotor (SMN) networks as well as the dorsal attention network (DAN), which controls spatial attention...
January 31, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072877/motor-cortex-theta-and-gamma-architecture-in-young-adult-appsweps1de9-alzheimer-mice
#20
Anna Papazoglou, Julien Soos, Andreas Lundt, Carola Wormuth, Varun Raj Ginde, Ralf Müller, Christina Henseler, Karl Broich, Kan Xie, Britta Haenisch, Dan Ehninger, Marco Weiergräber
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial disorder leading to progressive memory loss and eventually death. In this study, an APPswePS1dE9 AD mouse model has been analyzed for motor cortex theta, beta and gamma frequency alterations using computerized 3D stereotaxic electrode positioning and implantable video-EEG radiotelemetry to perform long-term M1 recordings from both genders considering age, circadian rhythm and activity status of experimental animals. We previously demonstrated that APPswePS1dE9 mice exibit complex alterations in hippocampal frequency power and another recent investigation reported a global increase of alpha, beta and gamma power in APPswePS1dE9 in females of 16-17 weeks of age...
2017: PloS One
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