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serum metabolites and gut microbiota

Jun Wang, Louise B Thingholm, Jurgita Skiecevičienė, Philipp Rausch, Martin Kummen, Johannes R Hov, Frauke Degenhardt, Femke-Anouska Heinsen, Malte C Rühlemann, Silke Szymczak, Kristian Holm, Tönu Esko, Jun Sun, Mihaela Pricop-Jeckstadt, Samer Al-Dury, Pavol Bohov, Jörn Bethune, Felix Sommer, David Ellinghaus, Rolf K Berge, Matthias Hübenthal, Manja Koch, Karin Schwarz, Gerald Rimbach, Patricia Hübbe, Wei-Hung Pan, Raheleh Sheibani-Tezerji, Robert Häsler, Philipp Rosenstiel, Mauro D'Amato, Katja Cloppenborg-Schmidt, Sven Künzel, Matthias Laudes, Hanns-Ulrich Marschall, Wolfgang Lieb, Ute Nöthlings, Tom H Karlsen, John F Baines, Andre Franke
Human gut microbiota is an important determinant for health and disease, and recent studies emphasize the numerous factors shaping its diversity. Here we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of the gut microbiota using two cohorts from northern Germany totaling 1,812 individuals. Comprehensively controlling for diet and non-genetic parameters, we identify genome-wide significant associations for overall microbial variation and individual taxa at multiple genetic loci, including the VDR gene (encoding vitamin D receptor)...
October 10, 2016: Nature Genetics
Mami Kikuchi, Mariko Ueno, Yoshiharu Itoh, Wataru Suda, Masahira Hattori
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), many metabolites of gut microbiota retain in the body as uremic toxins (UTs). However, the kinds of bacteria producing UTs are rarely discussed. METHODS: We analyzed UT production and the composition of gut microbiota in CKD rats and cecectomized rats. AST-120, a spherical carbon adsorbent, was administrated to evaluate how the precursors of UT affect gut microbiota. Serum and urine levels of UTs were quantified by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry...
October 5, 2016: Nephron
Peter Nilsson
A number of chronic disease conditions tend to cluster in families with an increased risk in first-degree relatives, but also an increased risk in second-degree relatives. This fact is most often referred to as the heritability (heredity) of these diseases and explained by the influence of genetic factors, or shared environment, even if the more specific details or mechanism leading to disease are not known. New methods have to be explored in screening studies and register linkage studies to define and measure consequences of a positive family history of disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Zhan Yang, Simo Huang, Dayang Zou, Derong Dong, Xiaoming He, Ningwei Liu, Wei Liu, Liuyu Huang
The importance of gut microbiota to health has gained extensive attention and is strongly correlated with diet. Dietary supplementation with a branched-chain amino acid-enriched mixture (BCAAem) exerts a variety of beneficial effects in mice and humans. In mice, BCAAem supplementation can promote longevity, but its influence on the gut ecosystem and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. To address this issue, BALB/C mice were fed a BCAAem-supplemented diet and their gut microbiomes were analysed by 16S rDNA sequencing...
August 18, 2016: Amino Acids
Luisa F Gomez-Arango, Helen L Barrett, H David McIntyre, Leonie K Callaway, Mark Morrison, Marloes Dekker Nitert
The risk of developing pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia is higher in obese pregnant women. In obesity, the composition of the gut microbiota is altered. Obesity is also associated with low-grade inflammation. Metabolites from the gut microbiota may contribute to both hypertension and inflammation. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the composition of the gut microbiota in overweight and obese pregnant women is associated with blood pressure and levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1...
October 2016: Hypertension
Meng Li, Xiangbing Shu, Hanchen Xu, Chunlei Zhang, Lili Yang, Li Zhang, Guang Ji
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is a major component of metabolic syndrome, and often predicts cardiovascular diseases. We developed a new therapeutic agent berberine compounds (BC), consisting of berberine, oryzanol and vitamin B6, and determined their anti-hyperlipidemia activity and underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were fed a high fat diet (HFD) to induce hyperlipidemia, and then given BC orally for 4 weeks. Body weight and food intake were recorded weekly, and lipid profiles in serum were determined biochemically...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Andreea Geamanu, Smiti V Gupta, Christian Bauerfeld, Lobelia Samavati
Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Granulomatous inflammation in sarcoidosis may affect multiple organs, including the lungs, skin, CNS, and the eyes, leading to severe morbidity and mortality. The underlying mechanisms for sustained inflammation in sarcoidosis are unknown. We hypothesized that metabolic changes play a critical role in perpetuation of inflammation in sarcoidosis. (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based untargeted metabolomic analysis was used to identify circulating molecules in serum to discriminate sarcoidosis patients from healthy controls...
February 2016: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
Maria De Angelis, Lucia Vannini, Raffaella Di Cagno, Noemi Cavallo, Fabio Minervini, Ruggiero Francavilla, Danilo Ercolini, Marco Gobbetti
Celiac disease (CD) is an inflammatory autoimmune disorder resulting from the combination of genetic predisposition and gluten ingestion. A life-long gluten free diet (GFD) is the only therapeutic approach. Dysbiosis, which can precede the CD pathogenesis and/or persist when subjects are on GFD, is reviewed and discussed. Salivary microbiota and metabolome differed between healthy and celiac children treated under GFD (T-CD) for at least two years. The type of GFD (African- vs Italian-style) modified the microbiota and metabolome of Saharawi T-CD children...
July 19, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Chong-Zhi Wang, Chunhao Yu, Xiao-Dong Wen, Lina Chen, Chun-Feng Zhang, Tyler Calway, Yunping Qiu, Yunwei Wang, Zhiyu Zhang, Samantha Anderson, Yitao Wang, Wei Jia, Chun-Su Yuan
Inflammatory bowel disease is a risk factor for colorectal cancer initiation and development. In this study, the effects of American ginseng on chemically induced colitis and colon carcinogenesis were evaluated using an azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) mouse model. During the acute phase on day 15, the oral administration of ginseng (15 and 30 mg/kg/day) significantly suppressed AOM/DSS-induced colitis, as demonstrated by the disease activity index and colon tissue histology. During the chronic phase in week 13, AOM/DSS-induced tumor multiplicity was significantly suppressed by ginseng...
October 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
Elizabeth J Reverri, Carolyn M Slupsky, Darya O Mishchuk, Francene M Steinberg
SCOPE: The soy isoflavone, daidzein, is metabolized by gut microbiota to O-desmethylangolensin (ODMA) and/or equol. Producing equol is postulated as a contributing factor for the beneficial effects of soy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This randomized, controlled, crossover design used an untargeted metabolomic approach to assess the metabolic profile of different daidzein metabolizers. Adults (n = 17) with cardiometabolic risk factors received soy nuts or control food for four-weeks, separated by a two-week washout...
July 1, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Hyun Ju Do, Youn Sue Lee, Min Jin Ha, Yoonsu Cho, Hana Yi, Yu-Jin Hwang, Geum-Sook Hwang, Min-Jeong Shin
This study was designed with the goal of examining the effects of voglibose administration on body weight and lipid metabolism and underlying mechanism high fat diet-induced obese mice. Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to one of four groups: a control diet (CTL), high-fat diet (HF), high-fat diet supplemented with voglibose (VO), and high fat diet pair-fed group (PF). After 12 weeks, the following characteristics were investigated: serum lipid and glucose levels, serum polar metabolite profiles, and expression levels of genes involved in lipid and bile acid metabolism...
August 31, 2016: Endocrine Journal
Kunitomo Watanabe
Gene-microbiota interactions are now proposed to be a special case of gene-environmental interaction. Preclinical and clinical data summarized in this article reveal that a specific serum metabolite, associated with alterations in gut microbiome composition, might have an emerging role in the onset and pathogenesis of autism. Altered level of this specified metabolite may induce perturbations in the epigenome and modulate the expression of key disease susceptible genes in neurons and their associated cells during critical periods of neurodevelopment...
June 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Zongyao Zhang, Xu-Xiang Zhang, Bing Wu, Jinbao Yin, Yunjiang Yu, Liuyan Yang
Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) can induce hepatic tissue damages and molecular toxicities, but its effects on lipid metabolism remain unknown. This study investigated the effects of MC-LR exposure on mice lipid metabolism and uncovered the underlying mechanism through metabonomic, transcriptomic and metagenomic analyses after administration of mice with MC-LR by gavage for 28 d. Increased liver weight and abdominal fat weight, and evident hepatic lipid vacuoles accumulation were observed in the mice fed with 0.2mg/kg/d MC-LR...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
J-Y Yang, Y-S Lee, Y Kim, S-H Lee, S Ryu, S Fukuda, K Hase, C-S Yang, H S Lim, M-S Kim, H-M Kim, S-H Ahn, B-E Kwon, H-J Ko, M-N Kweon
In humans, the composition of gut commensal bacteria is closely correlated with obesity. The bacteria modulate metabolites and influence host immunity. In this study, we attempted to determine whether there is a direct correlation between specific commensal bacteria and host metabolism. As mice aged, we found significantly reduced body weight and fat mass in Atg7(ΔCD11c) mice when compared with Atg7(f/f) mice. When mice shared commensal bacteria by co-housing or feces transfer experiments, body weight and fat mass were similar in both mouse groups...
April 27, 2016: Mucosal Immunology
Yanping Zhao, Yan Zhang, Guoxiang Wang, Ruiming Han, Xianchuan Xie
In this study, the toxic effects of clorpyrifos (CPF) on the gut microbiome and related urine metabolome in mouse (Mus musculus) were investigated. Mice were exposed to a daily dose of 1 mg kg(-1) bodyweight of CPF for 30 d. As a result, CPF significantly altered the gut microbiota composition in terms of the relative abundance of key microbes. Meanwhile, CPF exposure induced the alterations of urine metabolites related to the metabolism of amino acids, energy, short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), phenyl derivatives and bile acids...
June 2016: Chemosphere
Stephanie A Shore, Youngji Cho
Obesity is a risk factor for asthma, but obese subjects with asthma respond poorly to standard asthma drugs. Obesity also alters gut bacterial community structure. Obesity-related changes in gut bacteria contribute to weight gain and other obesity-related conditions, including insulin resistance and systemic inflammation. Here, we review the rationale for the hypothesis that obesity-related changes in gut bacteria may also play a role in obesity-related asthma. The metabolomes of the liver, serum, urine, and adipose tissue are altered in obesity...
May 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Saebyeol Jang, Jianghao Sun, Pei Chen, Sukla Lakshman, Aleksey Molokin, James M Harnly, Bryan T Vinyard, Joseph F Urban, Cindy D Davis, Gloria Solano-Aguilar
BACKGROUND: Consumption of cocoa-derived polyphenols has been associated with several health benefits; however, their effects on the intestinal microbiome and related features of host intestinal health are not adequately understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of eating flavanol-enriched cocoa powder on the composition of the gut microbiota, tissue metabolite profiles, and intestinal immune status. METHODS: Male pigs (5 mo old, 28 kg mean body weight) were supplemented with 0, 2...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Matthias S Klein, Christopher Newell, Marc R Bomhof, Raylene A Reimer, Dustin S Hittel, Jong M Rho, Hans J Vogel, Jane Shearer
The microbiota, the entirety of microorganisms residing in the gut, is increasingly recognized as an environmental factor in the maintenance of health and the development of disease. The objective of this analysis was to model in vivo interactions between gut microbiota and both serum and liver metabolites. Different genotypic models (C57BL/6 and BTBR(T+tf/j) mice) were studied in combination with significant dietary manipulations (chow vs ketogenic diets) to perturb the gut microbiota. Diet rather than genotype was the primary driver of microbial changes, with the ketogenic diet diminishing total bacterial levels...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Karolina Skagen, Marius Trøseid, Thor Ueland, Sverre Holm, Azhar Abbas, Ida Gregersen, Martin Kummen, Vigdis Bjerkeli, Frode Reier-Nilsen, David Russell, Asbjørn Svardal, Tom Hemming Karlsen, Pål Aukrust, Rolf K Berge, Johannes E R Hov, Bente Halvorsen, Mona Skjelland
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: γ-butyrobetaine (γBB) is a metabolite from dietary Carnitine, involved in the gut microbiota-dependent conversion from Carnitine to the pro-atherogenic metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO). Orally ingested γBB has a pro-atherogenic effect in experimental studies, but γBB has not been studied in relation to atherosclerosis in humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate associations between serum levels of γBB, TMAO and their common precursors Carnitine and trimethyllysine (TML) and carotid atherosclerosis and adverse outcome...
April 2016: Atherosclerosis
Qian-Yun Niu, Zhen-Yu Li, Guan-Hua Du, Xue-Mei Qin
Doxorubicin (DOX) is used as a chemotherapy drug with severe carditoxicity. In this study, an integrated echocardiography along with pathological examination and (1)H NMR analysis of multiple biological matrices (urine, serum, heart, and kidney) was employed to systemically assess the toxicity of DOX. Echocardiographic results showed that impaired left ventricular contractility and degenerative pathology lesions in DOX group, which were in consistent with pathology. The endogenous metabolites in the urine, serum, heart and kidney was identified by comparison with the data from the literature and databases...
January 25, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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