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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429267/-comparison-of-dengue-viral-nonstructural-protein-1-antigen-testing-kits
#1
D Wu, L Z Zhao, Y H Wu, H Zhang, M Zhang, Q Q Tan, H Q Zhou, F C Zhang, J F He
Objective: To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of commercial nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) testing kits for Dengue fever diagnose, and provide the evidence for diagnostic criteria revision. Methods: 300 PCR or virus isolation positive blood samples for dengue virus were collected from sentinel hospitals for dengue surveillance in Guangzhou, Dongguang and Zhongshang from May 2015 to Nov. 2016. At the same time, 308 PCR negative samples for Dengue virus were collected as control group. The information of the sample was collected using questionnaires...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411598/a-zika-immunoassay-based-on-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-sers-nanoprobes
#2
Sabrina Alessio Camacho, Regivaldo Gomes Sobral Filho, Pedro Henrique Benites Aoki, Carlos Jose Leopoldo Constantino, Alexandre G Brolo
Zika virus (ZIKV) was considered a public health emergency of international concern after the 2015 outbreak. Serological tests based on immunoassay platforms is one of the methods applied on the diagnosis of ZIKV and dengue virus (DENV). However, the high limits of detection (LOD) and the cross-reactivity between ZIKV and DENV are still limitations in immunological tests. In order to tackle these issues, we have designed an immune-specific assay based on surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanoprobes. Gold shell-isolated nanoparticles (Au-SHINs) were synthesized with 100 nm Au nanoparticles and 4 nm silica shell thickness coated with Nile Blue (Raman reporter)...
February 7, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409531/development-and-characterization-of-serotype-specific-monoclonal-antibodies-against-the-dengue-virus-4-denv-4-non-structural-protein-ns1
#3
Tesfaye Gelanew, Elizabeth Hunsperger
BACKGROUND: Dengue, caused by one of the four serologically distinct dengue viruses (DENV-1 to - 4), is a mosquito-borne disease of serious global health significance. Reliable and cost-effective diagnostic tests, along with effective vaccines and vector-control strategies, are highly required to reduce dengue morbidity and mortality. Evaluation studies revealed that many commercially available NS1 antigen (Ag) tests have limited sensitivity to DENV-4 serotype compared to the other three serotypes...
February 6, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406280/absence-of-protection-from-west-nile-virus-disease-and-adverse-effects-in-red-legged-partridges-after-non-structural-ns1-protein-administration
#4
Belén Rebollo, Francisco Llorente, Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Javier Sarraseca, Carmina Gallardo, María Ángeles Risalde, Ursula Höfle, Jordi Figuerola, Ramón C Soriguer, Ángel Venteo, Miguel Ángel Jiménez-Clavero
The red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) is a competent host for West Nile virus (WNV) replication and highly susceptible to WNV disease. With the aim to assess in this species whether the inoculation of non-structural protein NS1 from WNV elicits a protective immune response against WNV infection, groups of partridges were inoculated with recombinant NS1 (NS1 group) or an unrelated recombinant protein (mock group), and challenged with infectious WNV. A third group received no inoculation prior to challenge (challenge group)...
February 2018: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386291/ns1-protein-of-2009-pandemic-influenza-a-virus-inhibits-porcine-nlrp3-inflammasome-mediated-interleukin-1-beta-production-by-suppressing-asc-ubiquitination
#5
Hong-Su Park, GuanQun Liu, Sathya N Thulasi Raman, Shelby L Landreth, Qiang Liu, Yan Zhou
The inflammasome represents a molecular platform for the innate immune regulation and controls the pro-inflammatory cytokine production. NLRP3 inflammasome is comprised of NLRP3, ASC and pro-caspase-1. When NLRP3 inflammasome is activated, it causes ASC speck formation and caspase-1 activation, resulting in the maturation of IL-1β. NLRP3 inflammasome is regulated at multiple levels, with one level being post-translational modification. Interestingly, ubiquitination of ASC has been reported to be indispensable for the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386121/a-global-interactome-map-of-the-dengue-virus-ns1-identifies-virus-restriction-and-dependency-host-factors
#6
Mohamed Lamine Hafirassou, Laurent Meertens, Claudia Umaña-Diaz, Athena Labeau, Ophelie Dejarnac, Lucie Bonnet-Madin, Beate M Kümmerer, Constance Delaugerre, Philippe Roingeard, Pierre-Olivier Vidalain, Ali Amara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386094/distinction-between-serological-responses-following-tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-tbev-infection-vs-vaccination-sweden-2017
#7
Bo Albinsson, Sirkka Vene, Lars Rombo, Jonas Blomberg, Åke Lundkvist, Bengt Rönnberg
Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is an important European vaccine-preventable pathogen. Discrimination of vaccine-induced antibodies from those elicited by infection is important. We studied anti-TBEV IgM/IgG responses, including avidity and neutralisation, by multiplex serology in 50 TBEV patients and 50 TBEV vaccinees. Infection induced antibodies reactive to both whole virus (WV) and non-structural protein 1 (NS1) in 48 clinical cases, whereas 47 TBEV vaccinees had WV, but not NS1 antibodies, enabling efficient discrimination of infection/vaccination...
January 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379028/an-evolutionary-ns1-mutation-enhances-zika-virus-evasion-of-host-interferon-induction
#8
Hongjie Xia, Huanle Luo, Chao Shan, Antonio E Muruato, Bruno T D Nunes, Daniele B A Medeiros, Jing Zou, Xuping Xie, Maria Isabel Giraldo, Pedro F C Vasconcelos, Scott C Weaver, Tian Wang, Ricardo Rajsbaum, Pei-Yong Shi
Virus-host interactions determine an infection outcome. The Asian lineage of Zika virus (ZIKV), responsible for the recent epidemics, has fixed a mutation in the NS1 gene after 2012 that enhances mosquito infection. Here we report that the same mutation confers NS1 to inhibit interferon-β induction. This mutation enables NS1 binding to TBK1 and reduces TBK1 phosphorylation. Engineering the mutation into a pre-epidemic ZIKV strain debilitates the virus for interferon-β induction; reversing the mutation in an epidemic ZIKV strain invigorates the virus for interferon-β induction; these mutational effects are lost in IRF3-knockout cells...
January 29, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373257/immunomodulatory-nonstructural-proteins-of-influenza-a-viruses
#9
REVIEW
Carolin Klemm, Yvonne Boergeling, Stephan Ludwig, Christina Ehrhardt
Influenza epidemics and pandemics still represent a severe public health threat and cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. As intracellular parasites, influenza viruses are strongly dependent on the host cell machinery. To ensure efficient production of progeny viruses, viral proteins extensively interfere with cellular signalling pathways to inhibit antiviral responses or to activate virus-supportive functions. Here, we review various functions of the influenza virus nonstructural proteins NS1, PB1-F2, and PA-X in infected cells and how post-transcriptional modifications of these proteins affect the viral life cycle...
January 17, 2018: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365413/-clinical-significance-of-ns1-bp-expression-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
K Ren, D Qian, Y W Wang, Q S Pang, W C Zhang, Z Y Yuan, P Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of NS1-BP expression in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and to study the roles of NS1-BP in proliferation and apoptosis of ESCC cells. Methods: A total of 98 tumor tissues and 30 adjacent normal tissues from 98 ESCC patients were used as study group and control group, and these samples were collected in Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center between 2002 and 2008. In addition, 46 ESCC tissues which were collected in Cancer Institute and Hospital of Tianjin Medical University were used as validation group...
January 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358635/%C3%AE-enhanced-grey-molasses-on-the-d2-transition-of-rubidium-87-atoms
#11
Sara Rosi, Alessia Burchianti, Stefano Conclave, Devang S Naik, Giacomo Roati, Chiara Fort, Francesco Minardi
Laser cooling based on dark states, i.e. states decoupled from light, has proven to be effective to increase the phase-space density of cold trapped atoms. Dark-states cooling requires open atomic transitions, in contrast to the ordinary laser cooling used for example in magneto-optical traps (MOTs), which operate on closed atomic transitions. For alkali atoms, dark-states cooling is therefore commonly operated on the D1 transition nS1/2 → nP1/2. We show that, for 87Rb, thanks to the large hyperfine structure separations the use of this transition is not strictly necessary and that "quasi-dark state" cooling is efficient also on the D2 line, 5S1/2 → 5P3/2...
January 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353669/transmission-of-dengue-virus-from-deceased-donors-to-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Fernando Rosso, Juan C Pineda, Ana M Sanz, Jorge A Cedano, Luis A Caicedo
Dengue fever is a vector-transmitted viral infection. Non-vectorial forms of transmission can occur through organ transplantation. We reviewed medical records of donors and recipients with suspected dengue in the first post-transplant week. We used serologic and molecular analysis to confirm the infection. Herein, we describe four cases of dengue virus transmission through solid organ transplantation. The recipients had positive serology and RT-PCR. Infection in donors was detected through serology. All cases presented with fever within the first week after transplantation...
January 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345359/pdz-proteins-are-expressed-and-regulated-in-antigen-presenting-cells-and-are-targets-of-influenza-a-virus
#13
Dante Barreda, Marisa Sánchez-Galindo, Jessica López-Flores, Karen E Nava-Castro, Karen Bobadilla, Alfonso Salgado-Aguayo, Teresa Santos-Mendoza
In this work, we identified the expression, regulation, and viral targeting of Scribble and Dlg1 in antigen-presenting cells. Scribble and Dlg1 belong to the family of PDZ (postsynaptic density (PSD95), disc large (Dlg), and zonula occludens (ZO-1)) proteins involved in cell polarity. The relevance of PDZ proteins in cellular functions is reinforced by the fact that many viruses interfere with host PDZ-dependent interactions affecting cellular mechanisms thus favoring viral replication. The functions of Scribble and Dlg have been widely studied in polarized cells such as epithelial and neuron cells...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343583/structural-study-of-the-c-terminal-domain-of-non-structural-protein-1-from-japanese-encephalitis-virus
#14
Thanalai Poonsiri, Gareth S A Wright, Michael S Diamond, Lance Turtle, Tom Solomon, Svetlana V Antonyuk
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-transmitted Flavivirus that is closely related to other emerging viral pathogens including dengue, West Nile (WNV) and Zika viruses. JEV infection can result in meningitis and encephalitis, which in severe cases cause permanent brain damage and death. JEV occurs predominantly in rural areas throughout Southeast Asia, the Pacific islands and the Far East, causing around 68,000 cases worldwide each year. In this study, we present a 2.1 Å resolution crystal structure of the C-terminal β-ladder domain of JEV non-structural protein 1 (NS1-C)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331671/the-molecular-characteristics-of-avian-influenza-viruses-h9n2-derived-from-air-samples-in-live-poultry-markets
#15
Yanheng Wu, Jinsi Lin, Shuhuan Yang, Ying Xie, Man Wang, Xueqin Chen, Yayang Zhu, Le Luo, Wuyang Shi
OBJECTIVE: To study the molecular characteristics of H9N2-subtype avian influenza viruses (AIVs) isolated from air samples collected in live poultry markets (LPMs) and explore their sequence identities with AIVs that caused human infection. METHODS: Weekly surveillance of H9N2-subtype AIVs in the air of LPMs was conducted from 2015 to 2016. H9-positive samples were isolated from chicken embryos. Whole genome sequences of the isolated AIVs were obtained through high-throughput sequencing...
January 10, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330423/t-cell-immunity-to-zika-virus-targets-immunodominant-epitopes-that-show-cross-reactivity-with-other-flaviviruses
#16
C J Reynolds, O M Suleyman, A M Ortega-Prieto, J K Skelton, P Bonnesoeur, A Blohm, V Carregaro, J S Silva, E A James, B Maillère, M Dorner, R J Boyton, D M Altmann
Zika virus (ZIKV) Infection has several outcomes from asymptomatic exposure to rash, conjunctivitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome or congenital Zika syndrome. Analysis of ZIKV immunity is confounded by the fact that several related Flaviviruses infect humans, including Dengue virus 1-4, West Nile virus and Yellow Fever virus. HLA class II restricted T cell cross-reactivity between ZIKV and other Flaviviruses infection(s) or vaccination may contribute to protection or to enhanced immunopathology. We mapped immunodominant, HLA class II restricted, CD4 epitopes from ZIKV Envelope (Env), and Non-structural (NS) NS1, NS3 and NS5 antigens in HLA class II transgenic mice...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321309/specific-mutations-in-the-pb2-protein-of-influenza-a-virus-compensate-for-the-lack-of-efficient-ifn-antagonism-of-the-ns1-protein-of-bat-influenza-a-like-viruses
#17
Teresa Aydillo, Juan Ayllon, Amzie Pavlisin, Carles Martinez-Romero, Shashank Tripathi, Ignacio Mena, Andrés Moreira-Soto, Amanda Vicente-Santos, Eugenia Corrales-Aguilar, Martin Schwemmle, Adolfo García-Sastre
Recently, two new influenza A-like viruses have been discovered in bats, HL17NL10 and HL18NL11. The hemagglutinin-like (HL) and neuraminidase like (NL) proteins of these viruses lack hemagglutination and neuraminidase activities despite their sequence and structural homologies with the HA and NA proteins of conventional influenza A virus. We now have investigated whether the NS1 proteins of HL17NL10 and HL18NL11 viruses can functionally substitute the NS1 protein of a conventional influenza A virus. For this purpose we generated recombinant influenza A/PR8/34 (PR8) H1N1 viruses containing the NS1 protein of PR8 WT, HL17NL10 and HL18NL11 viruses...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311474/enantioselective-monoclonal-antibodies-for-detecting-ketamine-to-crack-down-on-illicit-use
#18
Izumi Morita, Hiroyuki Oyama, Yui Kanda, Mayumi Yasuo, Aya Ito, Masahiro Toyota, Yoshinori Hayashi, Takeshi Yokoyama, Norihiro Kobayashi
Ketamine (KT) is a chiral anesthetic agent, (R)- and (S)-enantiomers of which differ in their pharmacological properties. KT has become one of the most commonly used illicit drugs in the world, thus, rapid and feasible on-site testing is required to crack down on the illicit use. Although immunochemical approach with specific antibodies is promising for this purpose, in practice anti-KT antibodies are difficult to obtain. We here disclose generation of monoclonal antibodies against KT. Mice were immunized with either (a) commercially-available or (b) in-house-prepared KT-albumin conjugates...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305550/comparison-of-four-serological-methods-and-two-rt-pcr-assays-for-diagnosis-and-surveillance-of-zika
#19
Angel Balmaseda, Jose Victor Zambrana, Damaris Collado, Nadezna Garcia, Saira Saborío, Douglas Elizondo, Juan Carlos Mercado, Karla Gonzalez, Cristhiam Cerpas, Andrea Nuñez, Davide Corti, Jesse J Waggoner, Guillermina Kuan, Raquel Burger-Calderon, Eva Harris
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that is responsible for recent explosive epidemics in the Americas. Notably, ZIKV infection during pregnancy has been found to cause congenital birth defects, including microcephaly, and ZIKV has been associated with Guillain Barré Syndrome in adults. Diagnosis and surveillance of Zika in the Americas have been challenging due to similar clinical manifestations and extensive antibody cross-reactivity with endemic flaviviral diseases, like dengue. We evaluated four serological and two RT-PCR methods in acute (mean day 1...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302646/hospital-and-community-based-surveillance-of-zika-and-dengue-viruses-in-indonesia
#20
Nasronudin Suharto, Muhammad Amin, Diah Puspita Rini, Achmad Chusnu Romdhoni, Purwaningsih Zulfayandi Pawanis, Muhammad Syamsul Hidayat
Background: Zika virus remained silent for few decades after its first recognition in 1947. Recently, Zika drew global attention due to the outbreak in Pacific island and Latin Americas. The concern was escalating given the shared vector of Zika and dengue with possible deleterious complications. Surabaya as one of the largest cities in Indonesia with high mobility of people is endemic to dengue. This study was aimed to detect Zika infection during dengue outbreaks in Surabaya. Materials and Methods: This was a surveillance study involving patients visiting 4 public hospitals and 8 primary health care centres (PHCs)...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
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