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Micro rna 223

Yushan Cui, Yang Liu, Danyang Wang, Yuzhang Liu, Lina Liu, Baijun Fang
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma (MM) with 1q21 gains invariably has a poor prognosis. Many recent studies have reported the relationship between micro (mi)RNA expression and MM prognosis. However, there is little information on the association between miRNA alterations and 1q21 gains. METHODS: We compared the miRNA expression profiles of MM with 1q21 gains and MM with normal fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) by gene expression array. Differentially expressed miRNAs were identified using Affymetrix TAC software...
2018: Acta Haematologica
Tsuyoshi Matsumura, Misa Matsui, Yuko Iwata, Masanori Asakura, Toshio Saito, Harutoshi Fujimura, Saburo Sakoda
Objective Heart failure is currently the most serious complication of muscular dystrophy. The transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 2 (TRPV2) is a stretch-sensitive Ca channel. In damaged myocytes or cardiomyocytes, TRPV2 translocates to the cytoplasmic membrane and enhances Ca influx, triggering cell damage. Evidence suggests that the inhibition of TRPV2 may be a new therapeutic target in heart failure. We found that tranilast, which is widely used as an anti-allergic drug, inhibits TRPV2...
February 1, 2018: Internal Medicine
Fangyuan Zhang, Degeng Wang
Micro-RNA (miRNA or miR) regulates at least 60% of the genes in the human genome through their target sites at mRNA 3'-untranslated regions (UTR), and defects in miRNA expression regulation and target sites are frequently observed in cancers. We report here a systematic analysis of the distribution of miRNA target sites. Using the evolutionarily conserved miRNA binding sites in the TargetScan database (release 7.1), we constructed a miRNA co-regulation network by connecting genes sharing common miRNA target sites...
October 27, 2017: Genes
Adam M Sheikh, Heather Yvonne Small, Gemma Currie, Christian Delles
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a complex, multi-systemic condition of pregnancy which greatly impacts maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. MicroRNAs (miRs) are differentially expressed in PE and may be important in helping to understand the condition and its pathogenesis. METHODS: Case-control studies investigating expression of miRs in PE were collected through a systematic literature search. Data was extracted and compared from 58 studies to identify the most promising miRs associated with PE pathogenesis and identify areas of methodology which could account for often conflicting results...
2016: PloS One
Haihuan Lin, Zexun Mo, Heyi Su, Zhenhui Guo
Sepsis is as life-threatening organ failure caused by a dysregulated host response to infection, with urgent onset, complex mechanism and high mortality. Its early diagnosis and treatment is particularly important. However, the sensitivity and specificity of current laboratory markers for the diagnosis of sepsis is not ideal. MicroRNAs represent a novel group of small RNA molecules that do not encode for proteins. MicroRNAs are synthesized in the cytoplasm and transferred to circulation primarily by micro-vesicles, and they are stable in circulation and can be rapidly detected...
August 2016: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Mancy Tong, Torsten Kleffmann, Shantanu Pradhan, Caroline L Johansson, Joana DeSousa, Peter R Stone, Joanna L James, Qi Chen, Larry W Chamley
STUDY QUESTION: What proteins are carried by extracellular vesicles (EVs) released from normal first trimester placentae? SUMMARY ANSWER: One thousand five hundred and eighty-five, 1656 and 1476 proteins were characterized in macro-, micro- and nano-vesicles, respectively, from first trimester placentae, with all EV fractions being enriched for proteins involved in vesicle transport and inflammation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Placental EVs are being increasingly recognized as important mediators of both healthy and pathological pregnancies...
April 2016: Human Reproduction
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