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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535315/early-career-outcomes-of-family-medicine-residency-graduates-exposed-to-innovative-flexible-longitudinal-tracks
#1
Richard A Young, Dan Casey, Diana Singer, Elaine Waller, Patricia A Carney
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Preparing the Personal Physician for Practice (P4) project used a case series design to study innovations in the content, length, structure, and location of residency training in 14 geographically diverse family medicine programs between 2007 and 2012. We aimed to explore how offering flexible longitudinal tracks (FLT) affected graduates' scope of practice, particularly in maternal child health (MCH), which included at least 17 months of focused training that increased each year over 4 years...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513842/expanding-the-field-of-surgical-researchers-the-jahnigen-career-development-award
#2
Stacie Deiner
Under a long-standing collaboration with the John A. Hartford Foundation (JAHF), the Atlantic Philanthropies (AP), and specialty societies in 10 targeted specialties, the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) has been working to improve quality of care provided to older adults by surgical and related medical specialists. To support and nurture future academic leaders, the Geriatrics-for-Specialists Initiative (GSI) established the Dennis W. Jahnigen Career Development Scholar Award (JCDA) program in 2002, with AP joining JAHF as a core funder of the awards in 2003...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492914/antibiotic-prescribing-for-nonbacterial-acute-upper-respiratory-infections-in-elderly-persons
#3
Michael Silverman, Marcus Povitz, Jessica M Sontrop, Lihua Li, Lucie Richard, Sonny Cejic, Salimah Z Shariff
Background: Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute upper respiratory tract infections (AURIs) requires a better understanding of the factors associated with this practice. Objective: To determine the prevalence of antibiotic prescribing for nonbacterial AURIs and whether prescribing rates varied by physician characteristics. Design: Retrospective analysis of linked administrative health care data. Setting: Primary care physician practices in Ontario, Canada (January-December 2012)...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460606/the-relevance-and-role-of-homestays-in-medical-education-a-scoping-study
#4
Bonnie Olivia Hughes, Mosa Moshabela, Jenni Owen, Bernhard Gaede
BACKGROUND: The community-based medical education curriculum is growing in popularity as a strategy to bring universal health coverage to underserved communities by providing medical students with hands-on training in primary health care. Accommodation and immersion of medical students within the community will become increasingly important to the success of community-based curricula. In the context of tourism, homestays, where local families host guests, have shown to provide an immersive accommodation experience...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459471/introducing-high-school-students-to-careers-in-osteopathic-medicine
#5
Nedra F Wilson
An aging population and expansion of health care coverage under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act have led to a predicted deficit of primary care physicians by 2025. In response, medical schools must develop new strategies to identify students early in their educational pathways to encourage exploration of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, especially medicine. Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences developed 2 internship programs, Oklahoma Science Training and Research Students (OKStars) and Native OKStars, to introduce high school students to osteopathic medicine...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449612/residents-responsibilities-adopting-a-wider-view
#6
Ami Schattner
Current ACGME regulations have limited residents' weekly hours and continuous working hours, a marked change, despite its uncertain effects on physician well-being and quality of care. Although residency programs in internal medicine and family medicine have adapted schedules to conform to these regulations, increasing evidence is accumulating to suggest that these training experiences are not adequately preparing the next generation of practicing primary care and hospital-based physicians. Data from an array of sources continue to demonstrate significant deficiencies in six areas of residents' responsibilities towards their patients: diminished patient "face time" and direct patient care; focus on patients' "reason for hospitalization" or "reason for visit" at the expense of possible neglect of patients' "secondary" medical problems; limited attention to patients' emotional or contextual problems and limited empathy; deficient implementation of the essential constituents of patient-centered care; neglect of habitual "reflective practice"; and excessive distinction between inpatient and outpatient responsibilities, leading to missed opportunities for inpatient residents to be aware of and attend to patients' post-discharge course although new information and readmissions related to the index hospitalization are prevalent...
April 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446528/quitting-patient-care-and-career-break-intentions-among-general-practitioners-in-south-west-england-findings-of-a-census-survey-of-general-practitioners
#7
Emily Fletcher, Gary A Abel, Rob Anderson, Suzanne H Richards, Chris Salisbury, Sarah Gerard Dean, Anna Sansom, Fiona C Warren, John L Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Given recent concerns regarding general practitioner (GP) workforce capacity, we aimed to describe GPs' career intentions, especially those which might impact on GP workforce availability over the next 5 years. DESIGN: Census survey, conducted between April and June 2016 using postal and online responses , of all GPs on the National Health Service performers list and eligible to practise in primary care. Two reminders were used as necessary. SETTING: South West England (population 3...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424027/the-value-of-european-exchange-programs-for-early-career-family-doctors
#8
Bernadeta Bridgwood, Hannah Willoughby, Madeleine Attridge, Eugene Tang
The Hippokrates Exchange programme (HEP) is designed to give early career General Practitioners (Associates in Training (AITs)/First5s) first-hand experience into concepts of a primary healthcare system outside of their host country. The aim is to improve GP knowledge and skills, inspire professional development and promote a global approach to primary care. Although an increasing number are taking up this opportunity, their views and experiences of international exchanges are not well described. The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of AITs/First5s following their HEP exchanges...
April 20, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422816/why-not-wait-eight-institutions-share-their-experiences-moving-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-1-after-core-clinical-clerkships
#9
Michelle Daniel, Amy Fleming, Colleen O'Conner Grochowski, Vicky Harnik, Sibel Klimstra, Gail Morrison, Arnyce Pock, Michael L Schwartz, Sally Santen
The majority of medical students complete the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 after their foundational sciences; however, there are compelling reasons to examine this practice. This article provides the perspectives of eight MD-granting medical schools that have moved Step 1 after the core clerkships, describing their rationale, logistics of the change, outcomes, and lessons learned. The primary reasons these institutions cite for moving Step 1 after clerkships are to foster more enduring and integrated basic science learning connected to clinical care and to better prepare students for the increasingly clinical focus of Step 1...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418280/twenty-first-century-pathologists-advocacy
#10
Timothy Craig Allen
Pathologists' advocacy plays a central role in the establishment of continuously improving patient care quality and patient safety, and in the maintenance and progress of pathology as a profession. Pathology advocacy's primary goal is the betterment of patient safety and quality medical care; however, payment is a necessary and appropriate component to both, and has a central role in advocacy. Now is the time to become involved in pathology advocacy; the Medicare Access and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) and the Protecting Access to Medicare Act of 2014 (PAMA) are two of the most consequential pieces of legislation impacting the pathology and laboratory industry in the last 20 years...
April 18, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387049/training-residents-in-depression-and-grief
#11
Angela Ghesquiere, Johanna Martinez, Cathy Jalali, Jo Anne Sirey, Susana Morales
BACKGROUND: About 20 per cent of Americans will experience depression in their lifetimes, and almost all will experience the death of a loved one. Both depression and grief have been associated with adverse health outcomes, including a decline in quality of life and excess mortality. Primary care physicians (PCPs) are the initial health care contact for most patients with depression and grief, yet often perceive that they lack the skills to adequately address these issues. Previous studies have investigated whether educational efforts improve PCP depression and grief knowledge or perceived skills, but few have focused on medical residents...
April 6, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385022/applying-organizational-behavior-theory-to-primary-care
#12
Samyukta Mullangi, Sanjay Saint
Addressing the mounting primary care shortage in the United States has been a focus of educators and policy makers, especially with the passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010 and the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act in 2015, placing increased pressure on the system. The Association of American Medical Colleges recently projected a shortage of as many as 65,000 primary care physicians by 2025, in part because fewer than 20% of medical students are picking primary care for a career. We examined the issue of attracting medical students to primary care through the lens of organizational behavior theory...
March 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381243/internists-career-choice-towards-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Nathalie Scherz, Stefan Markun, Vera Aemissegger, Thomas Rosemann, Ryan Tandjung
BACKGROUND: Swiss primary care (PC) is facing workforce shortage. Up to 2011 this workforce was supplied by two board certifications: general medicine and internal medicine. To strengthen them against subspecialties, they were unified into one: general internal medicine. However, since unification general practitioners' career options are no longer restrained by early commitment to PC. This may lead to a decrease of future primary care physicians (PCPs). METHODS: To gain insights in timing and factors influencing career choice of internists, we addressed a cross sectional survey to all board certified internists in the years 2000-2010 (n = 1462)...
April 5, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379931/an-expanded-conceptual-framework-of-medical-students-primary-care-career-choice
#14
Eva Pfarrwaller, Marie-Claude Audétat, Johanna Sommer, Hubert Maisonneuve, Thomas Bischoff, Mathieu Nendaz, Anne Baroffio, Noëlle Junod Perron, Dagmar M Haller
In many countries, the number of graduating medical students pursuing a primary care career does not meet demand. These countries face primary care physician shortages. Students' career choices have been widely studied, yet many aspects of this process remain unclear. Conceptual models are useful to plan research and educational interventions in such complex systems.The authors developed a framework of primary care career choice in undergraduate medical education, which expands on previously published models...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375415/improving-the-perception-of-outpatient-practice-a-second-continuity-experience-for-internal-medicine-residents
#15
Jennifer Jeremiah, Kelly McGarry, Joao Filipe Goncalves Monteiro
BACKGROUND: The challenges trainees experience in the traditional medical clinic are felt to be one deterrent to choosing a primary care career. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether participation in a second outpatient continuity experience (Second Site) affects trainee perception of primary care practice. METHODS: 241 current and former graduates of the Brown Alpert Medical School Internal Medicine training programs were surveyed about their experiences with Second Site...
April 3, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369023/collaborate%C3%A2-part-iv-ramping-up-competency-based-performance-management
#16
Teresa M Treiger, Ellen Fink-Samnick
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this fourth part of the COLLABORATE© article series provides an expansion and application of previously presented concepts pertaining to the COLLABORATE paradigm of professional case management practice. The model is built upon a value-driven foundation that: PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING(S):: Applicable to all health care sectors where case management is practiced. FINDINGS/CONCLUSIONS: As an industry, health care continues to evolve...
May 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363674/assessment-of-female-medical-students-interest-in-careers-in-cardiothoracic-surgery
#17
Darci C Foote, James M Meza, Vikram Sood, Rishindra M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: Although over half of medical students are females, women comprise only 21% of cardiothoracic (CT) surgery residency applicants and 5% of the CT workforce. We sought to gain insight into female medical students' perceptions of CT surgery and identify targets to increase interest. DESIGN: A 33-question survey queried career selection factors, perceptions of CT surgery, and ways to increase interest in the field. Responses were stratified by sex and preclinical versus clinical years...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359313/an-examination-of-the-causes-consequences-and-policy-responses-to-the-migration-of-highly-trained-health-personnel-from-the-philippines-the-high-cost-of-living-leaving-a-mixed-method-study
#18
Erlinda Castro-Palaganas, Denise L Spitzer, Maria Midea M Kabamalan, Marian C Sanchez, Ruel Caricativo, Vivien Runnels, Ronald Labonté, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: Dramatic increases in the migration of human resources for health (HRH) from developing countries like the Philippines can have consequences on the sustainability of health systems. In this paper, we trace the outflows of HRH from the Philippines, map out its key causes and consequences, and identify relevant policy responses. METHODS: This mixed method study employed a decentered, comparative approach that involved three phases: (a) a scoping review on health workers' migration of relevant policy documents and academic literature on health workers' migration from the Philippines; and primary data collection with (b) 37 key stakeholders and (c) household surveys with seven doctors, 329 nurses, 66 midwives, and 18 physical therapists...
March 31, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357785/patterns-of-unmet-needs-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-cancer-survivors-in-their-own-words
#19
Alex W K Wong, Ting-Ting Chang, Katrina Christopher, Stephen C L Lau, Lynda K Beaupin, Brad Love, Kim L Lipsey, Michael Feuerstein
PURPOSE: Categorization of the needs of AYA cancer survivors is primarily based on quantitative analyses of epidemiological and observational research. The present study classified the phenomenological experiences of AYA survivors based on their own language. METHODS: A systematic approach for selecting qualitative studies of unmet needs in AYA cancer survivors was used. Following selection based on quality, survivor statements were entered verbatim and thematic analysis was conducted using NVivo qualitative research software...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346626/preparing-residents-for-teaching-careers-the-faculty-for-tomorrow-resident-workshop
#20
Steven Lin, Paul Gordon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Progress toward growing the primary care workforce is at risk of being derailed by an emerging crisis: a critical shortage of family medicine faculty. In response to the faculty shortage, the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine (STFM) launched a 2-year initiative called "Faculty for Tomorrow" (F4T). The F4T Task Force created a workshop designed to increase residents' interest in, and prepare them for, careers in academic family medicine. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of this workshop...
March 2017: Family Medicine
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