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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918798/controlled-interventions-to-reduce-burnout-in-physicians-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Maria Panagioti, Efharis Panagopoulou, Peter Bower, George Lewith, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Carolyn Chew-Graham, Shoba Dawson, Harm van Marwijk, Keith Geraghty, Aneez Esmail
Importance: Burnout is prevalent in physicians and can have a negative influence on performance, career continuation, and patient care. Existing evidence does not allow clear recommendations for the management of burnout in physicians. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to reduce burnout in physicians and whether different types of interventions (physician-directed or organization-directed interventions), physician characteristics (length of experience), and health care setting characteristics (primary or secondary care) were associated with improved effects...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903953/sociocultural-characteristic-lifestyle-and-metabolic-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-kuwaiti-male-university-students
#2
Maha Al-Sejari
In the past six decades, the Kuwaiti population has been exposed to rapid transformation in the quality of diet intake, daily activities, and career types. This major socioeconomic shift was accompanied by the introduction of both communicable and noncommunicable chronic diseases afflicting people of all ages. This article aims to detect a relationship between sociocultural characteristics-such as physical activity, dietary habits, and smoking-and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 262 male university students in Kuwait; participants were selected by using a convenient nonrandom opportunistic sample...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883928/graduate-entry-nurses-initial-perspectives-on-nursing-content-analysis-of-open-ended-survey-questions
#3
Lisa McKenna, Ingrid Brooks, Rebecca Vanderheide
BACKGROUND: Graduate entry nursing courses offer individuals with prior degrees the opportunity to gain nursing qualifications and facilitate career change. While it is known that accelerated graduate entry courses are increasingly popular, the perceptions of nursing held by such individuals and the influence this has on those seeking to enter the profession are less clearly understood. OBJECTIVE: To explore graduate entry nursing students' perceptions of nursing on entering their pre-registration course...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859097/new-roles-for-medical-assistants-in-innovative-primary-care-practices
#4
Susan A Chapman, Lisel K Blash
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe new roles for medical assistants (MAs) in innovative care models that improve care while providing training and career advancement opportunities for MAs. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Primary data collected at 15 case study sites; 173 key informant interviews and de-identified secondary data on staffing, wages, patient satisfaction, and health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Researchers used snowball sampling and screening calls to identify 15 organizations using MAs in new roles...
November 10, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849351/the-role-of-internal-medicine-subspecialists-in-patient-care-management
#5
Jonathan L Vandergrift, Bradley M Gray, James D Reschovsky, Eric S Holmboe, Rebecca D Lipner
OBJECTIVES: To understand the clinical roles in which internal medicine (IM) subspecialists engage, especially those involving ongoing patient management. STUDY DESIGN: Measures of physician clinical roles were based on survey responses collected from 8020 mid-career IM subspecialists who registered for the American Board of Internal Medicine maintenance of certification program (86% registration/response rate) between 2009 and 2013. METHODS: Each subspecialist reported their percentage of clinical time in 5 clinical roles: primary, principal, longitudinal consultative, medical consultative, and procedural care...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812746/junior-doctors-medical-specialty-and-practice-location-choice-simulating-policies-to-overcome-regional-inequalities
#6
Pedro Ramos, Hélio Alves, Paulo Guimarães, Maria A Ferreira
There are nowadays over 1 million Portuguese who lack a primary care physician. By applying a discrete choice experiment to a large representative sample of Portuguese junior doctors (N = 503) in 2014, we provide an indication that this shortage may be addressed with a careful policy design that mixes pecuniary and non-pecuniary incentives for these junior physicians. According to our simulations, a policy that includes such incentives may increase uptake of general practitioners (GPs) in rural areas from 18% to 30%...
November 3, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794078/clemens-von-pirquet-a-remarkable-life-and-career
#7
REVIEW
Stanford T Shulman
From 1908 to 1929, Clemens von Pirquet was one of the world's most acclaimed pediatricians. Von Pirquet (1874-1929) trained at Vienna's Universitäts Kinderklinic under Theodor Escherich, the first Pediatric Infectious Diseases physician [ 1], and became the first Professor and Chair of Pediatrics at Johns Hopkins in 1909. He then succeeded his mentor Escherich as Professor and Chair of Pediatrics in Vienna, the most prestigious European pediatric position, when Escherich died unexpectedly in 1911. He held that position in Vienna until his shocking double suicide at age 54 with his wife in 1929...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776418/twenty-five-years-on-outcomes-of-a-longitudinal-evaluation-of-the-nsw-rural-resident-medical-officer-cadetship-program
#8
Melanie J Lewis, Rose Ellis, Sunil K Adusumilli, Ian Cameron
INTRODUCTION: The New South Wales Rural Resident Medical Officer Cadetship Program began in 1988 as a strategy to increase the numbers of junior doctors in rural hospitals. This article outlines the results of an evaluation undertaken in 2014. Specifically, it will look at where former cadets who entered the program between 1989 and 2010 were working in 2014, what training programs they chose and their attitudes toward the program. METHOD: Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire sent to all the former cadets who entered the program from 1989 until 2010...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764735/diagnosing-infantile-spasms-accuracy-of-the-internet
#9
Amara Krag, Gregory L Holmes
Infantile spasms, one of the catastrophic epilepsies, can be a diagnostic challenge since the clinical manifestations may be subtle and may mimic benign conditions. Because of the rarity of the condition, primary care physicians and pediatricians may never see a case of infantile spasms during their career and may be unfamiliar with the seizure semiology. This is a serious issue since there is evidence that early diagnosis and treatment may improve outcome. Patients and families are increasingly using the internet more than their physician as a source of medical information about epilepsy...
October 17, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740673/patient-centered-medical-home-exposure-and-its-impact-on-pa-career-intentions
#10
Gerald Kayingo, Owais Gilani, Vasco Deon Kidd, Mary L Warner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transformation of primary care (PC) training sites into patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) has implications for the education of health professionals. This study investigates the extent to which physician assistant (PA) students report learning about the PCMH model and how clinical exposure to PCMH might impact their interest in a primary care career. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to second-year PA students who had recently completed their PC rotation from 12 PA programs...
October 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737728/surviving-or-thriving-in-the-primary-health-care-research-workforce-the-australian-experience
#11
Jodie Oliver-Baxter, Lynsey Brown, Ellen McIntyre
Primary healthcare research strives for high-quality, priority-driven research to inform policy and practice. This relies on a robust and sustainable workforce to tackle complex problems faced in primary health care locally and globally. The current study investigated characteristics, experiences and career paths of the Australian primary healthcare research workforce. Thirty-seven former Research Higher Degree students from University Departments of General Practice and Rural Health completed a survey. Number of provisions for researchers and career path clarity were associated with job satisfaction...
October 14, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732985/retirement-age-ranges-from-clinical-practice-of-maternal-fetal-medicine-physicians
#12
Bradley D Holbrook, Stephen M Petterson, William F Rayburn
Objectives Retirement of "baby boomer" physicians is a matter of growing concern in light of the shortage of certain physician groups. The objectives of this investigation were to define what constitutes a customary retirement age range of maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) physicians and examine how that compares with other obstetrician-gynecologist (ob-gyn) specialists. Study Design This descriptive study was based on American Medical Association Masterfile survey data from 2010 to 2014. Data from the National Provider Identifier were used to correct for upward bias in reporting retirement ages...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685872/clinical-pharmacology-in-denmark-in-2016-40-years-with-the-danish-society-of-clinical-pharmacology-and-20-years-as-a-medical-speciality
#13
REVIEW
Kim Brøsen, Stig Ejdrup Andersen, Jeanett Borregaard, Hanne Rolighed Christensen, Palle Mark Christensen, Kim Peder Dalhoff, Per Damkier, Jesper Hallas, Jens Heisterberg, Niels Jessen, Gesche Jürgens, Jens Peter Konnerup Kampmann, Britt Elmedal Laursen, Torben Laursen, Lars Peter Nielsen, Birgitte Klindt Poulsen, Henrik Enghusen Poulsen, Ljubica Vukelic Andersen, Thomas Senderovitz, Jesper Sonne
The Danish Society of Clinical Pharmacology was founded in 1976, and mainly thanks to the persistent efforts of the society, clinical pharmacology became an independent medical speciality in Denmark in 1996. Since then, clinical pharmacology has gone from strength to strength. In the Danish healthcare system, clinical pharmacology has established itself as an indispensible part of the efforts to promote the rational, safe and economic use of drugs. Clinical pharmacologists are active in drug committees both in hospitals and in the primary sector...
December 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681153/political-economy-of-decentralising-hiv-and-aids-treatment-services-to-primary-healthcare-facilities-in-three-nigerian-states
#14
Chinyere Mbachu, Obinna Onwujekwe, Nkoli Ezumah, Olayinka Ajayi, Olusola Sanwo, Benjamin Uzochukwu
Decentralisation is defined as the dispersion, distribution or transfer of resources, functions and decision-making power from a central authority to regional and local authorities. It is usually accompanied by assignment of accountability and responsibility for results. Fundamental to understanding decentralisation is learning what motivates central governments to give up power and resources to local governments, and the practical significance of this on their positions regarding decentralisation. This study examined key political and institutional influences on role-players' capacity to support decentralisation of HIV and AIDS treatment services to primary healthcare facilities, and implications for sustainability...
September 2016: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668479/exploring-the-effect-of-educating-certified-nursing-assistants-on-pressure-ulcer-knowledge-and-incidence-in-a-nursing-home-setting
#15
Cathy L Wogamon
The certified nursing assistant (CNA) is the caregiver who frequently identifies the first signs and symptoms of pressure ulcers (PUs) in the long-term care setting. A quality improvement effort was implemented to explore the effect of a 1-hour CNA education program about early identification, treatment, and prevention of PUs on PU knowledge, PU incidence, and PU prevention interventions, including skin checks. All 33 CNAs employed in a care facility for residents 55+ years old were invited to participate. CNA demographic and PU education variables were obtained...
September 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659508/consultant-outcomes-publication-and-surgical-training-consensus-recommendations-by-the-association-of-surgeons-in-training
#16
Helen M Mohan, Vimal J Gokani, Adam P Williams, Rhiannon L Harries
Consultant Outcomes Publication (COP) has the longest history in cardiothoracic surgery, where it was introduced in 2005. Subsequently COP has been broadened to include all surgical specialties in NHS England in 2013-14. The Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT) fully supports efforts to improve patient care and trust in the profession and is keen to overcome potential unintended adverse effects of COP. Identification of these adverse effects is the first step in this process: Firstly, there is a risk that COP may lead to reluctance by consultants to provide trainees with the necessary appropriate primary operator experience to become skilled consultant surgeons for the future...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658321/the-new-era-of-postgraduate-certified-general-practice-training-in-japan
#17
Akiteru Takamura
This paper describes the background to, and the recent evolution of general practice as a recognised medical specialism in Japan (2015), and the evolution of a system of training to support this development. We, the general practitioners (GPs) in Japan have not been recognised as one body of medical specialists and have been training in our own way. A new certified training system will commence in 2018, authorised by a new third organisation, the Japanese Medical Specialty Board. An effective educational system has been developed for medical graduates that have a career intention in general practice that is distinct from other basic medical fields, but collaborates with them...
September 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629784/internal-medicine-residents-perceived-responsibility-for-patients-at-hospital-discharge-a-national-survey
#18
Eric Young, Chad Stickrath, Monica C McNulty, Aaron J Calderon, Elizabeth Chapman, Jed D Gonzalo, Ethan F Kuperman, Max Lopez, Christopher J Smith, Joseph R Sweigart, Cecelia N Theobald, Robert E Burke
BACKGROUND: Medical residents are routinely entrusted with transitions of care, yet little is known about the duration or content of their perceived responsibility for patients they discharge from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: To examine the duration and content of internal medicine residents' perceived responsibility for patients they discharge from the hospital. The secondary objective was to determine whether specific individual experiences and characteristics correlate with perceived responsibility...
December 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628184/impact-of-the-primary-care-curriculum-and-its-teaching-formats-on-medical-students-perception-of-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Christopher Chung, Hubert Maisonneuve, Eva Pfarrwaller, Marie-Claude Audétat, Alain Birchmeier, Lilli Herzig, Thomas Bischoff, Johanna Sommer, Dagmar M Haller
BACKGROUND: Switzerland is facing an impending primary care workforce crisis since almost half of all primary care physicians are expected to retire in the next decade. Only a minority of medical students choose a primary care specialty, further deepening the workforce shortage. It is therefore essential to identify ways to promote the choice of a primary care career. The aim of the present study was to explore students' views about the undergraduate primary care teaching curriculum and different teaching formats, and to evaluate the possible impact of these views on students' perceptions of primary care...
2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624465/the-multidimensional-burden-of-informal-caregivers-in-primary-malignant-brain-tumor
#20
Eléonore Bayen, Florence Laigle-Donadey, Myrtille Prouté, Khê Hoang-Xuan, Marie-Eve Joël, Jean-Yves Delattre
PURPOSE: Informal caregivers (ICs) provide care and improve the quality of life of patients with malignant brain tumor. We analyze the impact of their involvement on themselves from a triple perspective. METHODS: Home-dwelling patients with primary malignant brain tumor underwent a medical examination. ICs burden was evaluated by a self-administered postal questionnaire. Objective burden (Informal Care Time, ICT), subjective burden (Zarit Burden Inventory, ZBI), and financial burden (valuation of lost earnings using the Replacement and Opportunity Cost Methods, RCM, OCM) were evaluated...
January 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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