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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210931/serotonin-syndrome-from-5-hydroxytryptophan-supplement-ingestion-in-a-9-month-old-labrador-retriever
#1
Hopkins Jennifer, Pardo Mariana, Bischoff Karyn
INTRODUCTION: 5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) supplements are available over the counter and labeled as sleeping aids and anxiolytics for human use. 5-HTP is a serotonin precursor and overdose can lead to serotonin syndrome. CASE REPORT: A 9-month-old female Labrador retriever was evaluated after ingestion of a 5-HTP supplement. Signs of agitation developed within 1 h of ingestion, and emesis was attempted by the owner with  3% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) orally. On presentation, the dog was obtunded, bilaterally mydriatic and salivating...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166235/development-and-clinical-performance-of-high-throughput-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-for-detection-of-malaria
#2
Rushini S Perera, Xavier C Ding, Frank Tully, James Oliver, Nigel Bright, David Bell, Peter L Chiodini, Iveth J Gonzalez, Spencer D Polley
BACKGROUND: Accurate and efficient detection of sub-microscopic malaria infections is crucial for enabling rapid treatment and interruption of transmission. Commercially available malaria LAMP kits have excellent diagnostic performance, though throughput is limited by the need to prepare samples individually. Here, we evaluate the clinical performance of a newly developed high throughput (HTP) sample processing system for use in conjunction with the Eiken malaria LAMP kit. METHODS: The HTP system utilised dried blood spots (DBS) and liquid whole blood (WB), with parallel sample processing of 94 samples per run...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157562/life-cycle-assessment-and-nutrient-analysis-of-various-processing-pathways-in-algal-biofuel-production
#3
Dongyan Mu, Roger Ruan, Min Addy, Sarah Mack, Paul Chen, Yong Zhou
This study focuses on analyzing nutrient distributions and environmental impacts of nutrient recycling, reusing, and discharging in algal biofuels production. The three biomass conversion pathways compared in this study were: hydrothermal liquefaction technology (HTL), hydrothermal hydrolysis pretreatment +HTL (HTP), and wet lipid extraction (WLE). Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorous (C, N, P) flows were described in each pathway. A primary cost analysis was conducted to evaluate the economic performance. The LCA results show that the HTP reduced life cycle NOx emissions by 10% from HTL, but increased fossil fuel use, greenhouse gas emissions, and eutrophication potential by 14%, 5%, and 28% respectively...
January 6, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145727/estrogen-dependent-effects-of-5-hydroxytryptophan-on-cortical-spreading-depression-in-rat-modelling-the-serotonin-ovarian-hormone-interaction-in-migraine-aura
#4
Virginie Chauvel, Sylvie Multon, Jean Schoenen
Background Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is the likely culprit of the migraine aura. Migraine is sexually dimorphic and thought to be a "low 5-HT" condition. We sought to decipher the interrelation between serotonin, ovarian hormones and cortical excitability in a model of migraine aura. Methods Occipital KCl-induced CSDs were recorded for one hour at parieto-occipital and frontal levels in adult male (n = 16) and female rats (n = 64) one hour after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) or NaCl...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127513/preliminary-fmri-findings-concerning-the-influence-of-5-htp-on-food-selection
#5
Stephanos Ioannou, Adrian L Williams
OBJECTIVE: This functional magnetic resonance imaging study was designed to observe how physiological brain states can alter food preferences. A primary goal was to observe food-sensitive regions and moreover examine whether 5-HTP intake would activate areas which have been associated with appetite suppression, anorexia, satiety, and weight loss. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: Fourteen healthy male and female participants took part in the study, of which half of them received the supplement 5-HTP and the rest vitamin C (control) on an empty stomach...
January 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113287/differential-evolution-optimization-of-the-sar-distribution-for-head-and-neck-hyperthermia
#6
Grazia Cappiello, Brian Mc Ginley, Muhammad Adnan Elahi, Tomas Drizdal, Margarethus M Paulides, Martin Glavin, Martin O'Halloran, Edward Jones
Hyperthermia is an emerging cancer treatment modality which involves applying heat to the malignant tumor. The heating can be delivered using electromagnetic (EM) energy, mostly in the radiofrequency (RF) or microwave range. Accurate patient-specific hyperthermia treatment planning (HTP) is essential for effective and safe treatments, in particular for deep and loco-regional hyperthermia. An important aspect of HTP is the ability to focus microwave energy into the tumor and reduce the occurrence of hot spots in healthy tissue...
November 14, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113063/5-hydroxytryptophan-a-major-product-of-tryptophan-degradation-is-essential-for-optimal-replication-of-human-parainfluenza-virus
#7
M A G Rabbani, Sailen Barik
Interferon (IFN) exerts its antiviral effect by inducing a large family of cellular genes, named interferon (IFN)-stimulated genes (ISGs). An intriguing member of this family is indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), which catalyzes the first and rate-limiting step of the main branch of tryptophan (Trp) degradation, the kynurenine pathway. We recently showed that IDO strongly inhibits human parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3), a significant respiratory pathogen. Here, we show that 5-hydoxytryptophan (5-HTP), the first product of an alternative branch of Trp degradation and a serotonin precursor, is essential to protect virus growth against IDO in cell culture...
January 20, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095434/field-evaluation-of-a-high-throughput-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-test-for-the-detection-of-asymptomatic-plasmodium-infections-in-zanzibar
#8
Berit Aydin-Schmidt, Ulrika Morris, Xavier C Ding, Irina Jovel, Mwinyi I Msellem, Daniel Bergman, Atiqul Islam, Abdullah S Ali, Spencer Polley, Iveth J Gonzalez, Andreas Mårtensson, Anders Björkman
BACKGROUND: New field applicable diagnostic tools are needed for highly sensitive detection of residual malaria infections in pre-elimination settings. Field performance of a high throughput DNA extraction system for loop mediated isothermal amplification (HTP-LAMP) was therefore evaluated for detecting malaria parasites among asymptomatic individuals in Zanzibar. METHODS: HTP-LAMP performance was evaluated against real-time PCR on 3008 paired blood samples collected on filter papers in a community-based survey in 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092031/expression-and-production-of-sh2-domain-proteins
#9
Bernard A Liu, Mari Ogiue-Ikeda, Kazuya Machida
The Src Homology 2 (SH2) domain lies at the heart of phosphotyrosine signaling, coordinating signaling events downstream of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), adaptors, and scaffolds. Over a hundred SH2 domains are present in mammals, each having a unique specificity which determines its interactions with multiple binding partners. One of the essential tools necessary for studying and determining the role of SH2 domains in phosphotyrosine signaling is a set of soluble recombinant SH2 proteins. Here we describe methods, based on a broad experience with purification of all SH2 domains, for the production of SH2 domain proteins needed for proteomic and biochemical-based studies such as peptide arrays, mass-spectrometry, protein microarrays, reverse-phase microarrays, and high-throughput fluorescence polarization (HTP-FP)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057543/high-throughput-lipolysis-in-96-well-plates-for-rapid-screening-of-lipid-based-drug-delivery-systems
#10
M D Mosgaard, P J Sassene, H Mu, T Rades, A Müllertz
The high-throughput in vitro intestinal lipolysis model (HTP) applicable for rapid and low scale screening of lipid based drug delivery systems (LbDDS) was optimized and adjusted as to be conducted in 96-well plates (HTP-96). Three different LbDDS (I-III) loaded with danazol or cinnarizine where used as model systems. The distributions of cinnarizine and danazol in the aqueous and precipitated digestion phases generated during lipolysis in the HTP-96 were compared with previously published data obtained from the HTP...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054693/broadband-reflection-in-polymer-stabilized-cholesteric-liquid-crystal-films-with-stepwise-photo-polymerization
#11
Man-Yu Duan, Hui Cao, Yong Wu, Er-Li Li, Hui-Hui Wang, Dong Wang, Zhou Yang, Wan-Li He, Huai Yang
In this study, we demonstrate a novel method for fabricating polymer stabilized cholesteric liquid crystal (PSCLC) films with non-uniform pitch distribution by utilizing two kinds of photo-induced processes. Based on the large HTP temperature dependence of a chiral dopant, polymer networks were formed at two distant temperature points in sequence. The influence of the polymerization conditions on the reflectance properties of PSCLCs before and after polymerization was investigated. The results strongly suggest that the location and bandwidth of the reflection band can be controlled preferably by adjusting the ultraviolet light intensity and irradiation time of UV-light...
January 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036028/application-of-an-in-vivo-hepatic-triacylglycerol-production-method-in-the-setting-of-a-high-fat-diet-in-mice
#12
Kikumi D Ono-Moore, Matthew Ferguson, Michael L Blackburn, Hassan Issafras, Sean H Adams
High-fat (HF) diets typically promote diet-induced obesity (DIO) and metabolic dysfunction (i.e., insulin resistance, hypertriglyceridemia, and hepatic steatosis). Dysfunction of triacylglycerol (TAG) metabolism may contribute to the development of hepatic steatosis, via increased de novo lipogenesis or repackaging of circulating nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs). Hepatic TAG production (HTP) rate can be assessed through injecting mice with nonionic detergents that inhibit tissue lipoprotein lipase. Potential confounding effects of detergent-based HTP tests (HTPTs) used in longitudinal studies-including the impact on food intake, energy balance, and weight gain-have not been reported...
December 28, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031235/htp-nutraceutical-screening-for-histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-and-effects-of-hdacis-on-tumor-suppressing-mirnas-by-trichostatin-a-and-grapeseed-vitis-vinifera-in-hela-cells
#13
Elizabeth A Mazzio, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND/AIM: Aggressive tumor malignancies are a consequence of delayed diagnosis, epigenetic/phenotype changes and chemo-radiation resistance. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a major epigenetic regulator of transcriptional repression, which are highly overexpressed in advanced malignancy. While original chemotherapy drugs were modeled after phytochemicals elucidated by botanical screenings, HDAC inhibitors (HDACi) such as apicidin, trichostatin A (TSA) and butyrate were discovered as products of fungus and microbes, in particular, gut microbiota...
2, 2017: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988124/increased-serum-serotonin-improves-parturient-calcium-homeostasis-in-dairy-cows
#14
Lorenzo E Hernández-Castellano, Laura L Hernandez, Samantha Weaver, Rupert M Bruckmaier
Hypocalcemia in dairy cows is caused by the sudden increase in calcium demand by the mammary gland for milk production at the onset of lactation. Serotonin (5-HT) is a key factor for calcium homeostasis, modulating calcium concentration in blood. Therefore, it is hypothesized that administration of 5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan (5-HTP), a 5-HT precursor, can increase 5-HT concentrations in blood and, in turn, induce an increase in blood calcium concentration. In this study, 20 Holstein dairy cows were randomly assigned to 2 experimental groups...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956075/natural-product-htp-screening-for-attenuation-of-cytokine-induced-neutrophil-chemo-attractants-cincs-and-no2-in-lps-ifn%C3%AE-activated-glioma-cells
#15
Elizabeth A Mazzio, David Bauer, Patricia Mendonca, Equar Taka, Karam F A Soliman
Chronic and acute central nervous system (CNS) inflammation are contributors toward neurological injury associated with head trauma, stroke, infection, Parkinsons or Alzheimers disease. CNS inflammatory illnesses can also contribute toward risk of developing glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). With growing public interest in complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), we conduct a high throughput (HTP) screening of >1400 natural herbs, plants and over the counter (OTC) products for anti-inflammatory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/interferon gamma (IFNγ) activated C6 glioma cells...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907050/when-is-the-brain-dead-living-like-electrophysiological-responses-and-photon-emissions-from-applications-of-neurotransmitters-in-fixed-post-mortem-human-brains
#16
Michael A Persinger, Nicolas Rouleau, Nirosha J Murugan, Lucas W E Tessaro, Justin N Costa
The structure of the post-mortem human brain can be preserved by immersing the organ within a fixative solution. Once the brain is perfused, cellular and histological features are maintained over extended periods of time. However, functions of the human brain are not assumed to be preserved beyond death and subsequent chemical fixation. Here we present a series of experiments which, together, refute this assumption. Instead, we suggest that chemical preservation of brain structure results in some retained functional capacity...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898359/motherhood-and-infant-contact-regulate-neuroplasticity-in-the-serotonergic-midbrain-dorsal-raphe
#17
M Allie Holschbach, Joseph S Lonstein
The adult brain shows remarkable neuroplasticity in response to hormones and the socioemotional modifications that they influence. In females with reproductive and maternal experience, this neuroplasticity includes the birth and death of cells in several forebrain regions involved in maternal caregiving and postpartum affective state. Such plasticity in midbrain sites critical for these behavioral and emotional processes has never been examined, though. By visualizing bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) to label mitotic cells, NeuroD for neuronal precursors, and TUNEL to identify dying cells, we found that the midbrain dorsal raphe nucleus (DR, the source of most ascending serotoninergic projections) exhibited significant neuroplasticity in response to motherhood...
February 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894208/whole-body-mri-including-diffusion-weighted-mri-compared-with-5-htp-pet-ct-in-the-detection-of-neuroendocrine-tumors
#18
Lina Carlbom, José Caballero-Corbalán, Dan Granberg, Jens Sörensen, Barbro Eriksson, Håkan Ahlström
AIM: We wanted to explore if whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including diffusion-weighted (DW) and liver-specific contrast agent-enhanced imaging could be valuable in lesion detection of neuroendocrine tumors (NET). [11C]-5-Hydroxytryptophan positron emission tomography/computed tomography (5-HTP PET/CT) was used for comparison. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with NET were investigated with whole-body MRI, including DW imaging (DWI) and contrast-enhanced imaging of the liver, and whole-body 5-HTP PET/CT...
November 29, 2016: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893374/differential-evolution-optimization-of-the-sar-distribution-for-head-and-neck-hyperthermia
#19
Grazia Cappiello, Brian Mc Ginley, Muhammad Adnan Elahi, Tomas Drizdal, Margarethus M Paulides, Martin Glavin, Martin O'Halloran, Edward Jones
Hyperthermia is an emerging cancer treatment modality which involves applying heat to the malignant tumor. The heating can be delivered using electromagnetic (EM) energy, mostly in the radiofrequency (RF) or microwave range. Accurate patient-specific hyperthermia treatment planning (HTP) is essential for effective and safe treatments, in particular for deep and loco-regional hyperthermia. An important aspect of HTP is the ability to focus microwave energy into the tumor and reduce the occurrence of hot spots in healthy tissue...
November 14, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882537/neurochemical-and-behavioral-effects-of-hypidone-hydrochloride-yl-0919-a-novel-combined-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-and-partial-5-ht1a-agonist
#20
Li-Ming Zhang, Xiao-Yun Wang, Nan Zhao, Yu-Lu Wang, Xiao-Xu Hu, Yu-Hua Ran, Yan-Qin Liu, You-Zhi Zhang, Ri-Fang Yang, Yun-Feng Li
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the pharmacology of hypidone hydrochloride (YL-0919), a novel selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)1A receptor agonist with high affinity for serotonin transporter (SERT) and 5-HT1A receptors. YL-0919 promoted [(35) S]GTPγ S binding at 85% of the magnitude of the full 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), suggesting that YL-0919 is a high-efficacy partial agonist of 5-HT1A receptors...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
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