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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423797/htp-nlp-a-new-nlp-system-for-high-throughput-phenotyping
#1
Daniel R Schlegel, Chris Crowner, Frank Lehoullier, Peter L Elkin
Secondary use of clinical data for research requires a method to quickly process the data so that researchers can quickly extract cohorts. We present two advances in the High Throughput Phenotyping NLP system which support the aim of truly high throughput processing of clinical data, inspired by a characterization of the linguistic properties of such data. Semantic indexing to store and generalize partially-processed results and the use of compositional expressions for ungrammatical text are discussed, along with a set of initial timing results for the system...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413824/perturbation-of-serotonin-homeostasis-during-adulthood-affects-serotonergic-neuronal-circuitry
#2
Marta Pratelli, Sara Migliarini, Barbara Pelosi, Francesco Napolitano, Alessandro Usiello, Massimo Pasqualetti
Growing evidence shows that the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) modulates the fine-tuning of neuron development and the establishment of wiring patterns in the brain. However, whether serotonin is involved in the maintenance of neuronal circuitry in the adult brain remains elusive. Here, we use a Tph2(fl)°(x) conditional knockout (cKO) mouse line to assess the impact of serotonin depletion during adulthood on serotonergic system organization. Data show that the density of serotonergic fibers is increased in the hippocampus and decreased in the thalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) as a consequence of brain serotonin depletion...
March 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413401/parkinsonism-in-association-with-dihydropteridine-reductase-deficiency
#3
Yoshiaki Takahashi, Yasuhiro Manabe, Yumiko Nakano, Taijun Yunoki, Syoichiro Kono, Hisashi Narai, Mahoko Furujo, Koji Abe
We report a 16-year-old man with disorders of tetrahydrobiopterin metabolism due to dihydropteridine reductase (DHPR) deficiency. He revealed moderate mental retardation, parkinsonism, and spastic paralysis with levodopa and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) supplementation from the age of 2 months. Brain MRI showed high intensity areas in bilateral frontal and posterior deep white matter on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR). Coronal FLAIR image showed a high signal in bilateral pyramidal tracts. Single photon computed tomography (SPECT) imaging of the dopamine transporter was normal...
January 2017: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412215/involvement-of-serotonergic-noradrenergic-and-dopaminergic-systems-in-the-antidepressant-like-effect-of-ginsenoside-rb1-a-major-active-ingredient-of-panax-ginseng-c-a-meyer
#4
Guo-Li Wang, Zhong-Mei He, Hong-Yan Zhu, Yu-Gang Gao, Yan Zhao, He Yang, Liangxue Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Ginsenoside Rb1, a 20 (S)-protopanaxadiol, is a major active ingredient of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, which as the King of Chinese herbs, has been wildly used for the treatment of central nervous system diseases. Previous studies have shown that 20 (S)-protopanaxadiol possesses a novel antidepressant-like effect in the treatment of depression, whereas ginsenoside Rb1 in depression has been rarely reported. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The present study was to investigate the antidepressant-like effect of ginsenoside Rb1 and its relevant mechanisms...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377625/revealing-the-structure-and-distribution-changes-of-eucalyptus-lignin-during-the-hydrothermal-and-alkaline-pretreatments
#5
Chenzhou Wang, Hanyin Li, Mingfei Li, Jing Bian, Runcang Sun
An integrated pretreatment process based on hydrothermal pretreatment (HTP) followed by alkaline pretreatment has been applied to treat Eucalyptus. The chemical composition and structure changes of lignin during the pretreatment were comprehensively characterized. The surface morphology of the cell walls and lignin distribution of the pretreated Eucalyptus were detected by scanning electron and confocal Raman microscopies. It was found that the chemical bonds between lignin and hemicelluloses were cleaved during the pretreatment...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362293/temperature-induced-first-order-displacive-phase-transition-of-isonicotinamide-4-methoxybenzoic-acid-co-crystal
#6
Tze Shyang Chia, Ching Kheng Quah
Isonicotinamide-4-methoxybenzoic acid co-crystal (1), C6H6N2O·C8H8O3, is formed through slow evaporation from methanol solution and it undergoes a first-order isosymmetry (monoclinic I2/a ↔ monoclinic I2/a) structural phase transition at Tc = 142.5 (5) K, which has been confirmed by an abrupt jump of crystallographic interaxial angle β from variable-temperature single-crystal XRD and small heat hysteresis (6.25 K) in differential scanning calorimetry measurement. The three-dimensional X-ray crystal structures of (1) at the low-temperature phase (LTP) (100, 140 and 142 K) and the high-temperature phase (HTP) (143, 150, 200, 250 and 300 K) were solved and refined as a simple non-disordered model with final R[F(2) > 2σ(F(2))] ≃ 0...
April 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347587/effect-of-hydrothermal-pre-treatment-htp-on-poultry-slaughterhouse-waste-psw-sludge-for-the-enhancement-of-the-solubilization-physical-properties-and-biogas-production-through-anaerobic-digestion
#7
Seyong Park, Young-Man Yoon, Seong Kuk Han, Daegi Kim, Ho Kim
This study is an assessment of the hydrothermal pre-treatment (HTP) of poultry slaughterhouse waste (PSW) sludge for the enhancement of the solubilization, physical properties, and biogas production through anaerobic digestion. This assessment was carried out to ascertain the optimal HTP temperature. The solubilization and physical properties efficacy was investigated by capillary suction time (CST), time to filter (TTF), and particle size. In addition, the anaerobic digestion was investigated through biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests and subsequent statistical analysis using the modified Gompertz model...
March 24, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327990/estimating-the-total-number-of-phosphoproteins-and-phosphorylation-sites-in-eukaryotic-proteomes
#8
Panayotis Vlastaridis, Pelagia Kyriakidou, Anargyros Chaliotis, Yves Van de Peer, Stephen G Oliver, Grigoris D Amoutzias
BACKGROUND: Phosphorylation is the most frequent post-translational modification made to proteins and may regulate protein activity as either a molecular digital switch or a rheostat. Despite the cornucopia of high-throughput (HTP) phosphoproteomic data in the last decade, it remains unclear how many proteins are phosphorylated and how many phosphorylation sites (p-sites) can exist in total within a eukaryotic proteome. We present the first reliable estimates of the total number of phosphoproteins and p-sites for four eukaryotes (human, mouse, Arabidopsis, and yeast)...
February 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327452/sensitive-detection-of-l-5-hydroxytryptophan-based-on-molecularly-imprinted-polymers-with-graphene-amplification
#9
Lu Chen, Hui-Ting Lian, Xiang-Ying Sun, Bin Liu
A novel electrochemical sensor was presented for the determination of L-5-hydroxytryptophan (L-5-HTP) based on a graphene-chitosan molecularly imprinted film modified on the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GR-MIP/GCE). The morphology and composition of the imprinted film were observed in field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), raman spectroscopy and fourier transform infrared (FTIR). The properties of the sensor were evaluated by electrochemical techniques. Under the optimal conditions, the peak currents of L-5-HIP were found to be linear in the concentration range of 0...
March 19, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295406/lipid-based-submicron-capsules-as-a-strategy-to-include-high-concentrations-of-a-hydrophobic-lightening-agent-in-a-hydrogel
#10
Htp Nguyen, M Soucé, X Perse, F Vial, T Perrier, F Yvergnaux, I Chourpa, E Munnier
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims at increasing the concentration of a hydrophobic lightening agent, Omegalight(®) , in a hydrophilic cosmetic product by means of encapsulation in lipid-based submicron capsules. The core of these capsules is entirely made of the commercial lightening agent. METHODS: Lipid-based encapsulation systems (LNC) were prepared by the PIT method. Their physicochemical properties were followed over 6 months by dynamic light scattering and zeta potential measurements, and in parallel the potential degradation of the active ingredient was monitored by HPLC...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266211/triphosphate-ion-selective-electrode-based-on-zr-porphyrin-complex
#11
Yuma Yagi, Shuhei Masaki, Tetsuki Iwata, Daisuke Nakane, Takashi Yasui, Akio Yuchi
Ion-selective electrode using zirconium(IV) complex with octaethylporphin (H2oep) as a carrier showed high selectivity to triphosphate (TP, H5tp) against other hydrophilic anions including diphosphate and phosphate. The electroactive species was identified to be [(Zr4(oep)4(Htp)2] (TP/Zr ratio of 0.5) of the unique structure; triphosphates are recognized by one Zr atom through three O atoms on three different P atoms and by another Zr atom through two O atoms on two terminal P atoms and are also involved in complementary intermolecular hydrogen bonding to be surrounded by four porphyrin complexes...
March 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256473/antidepressant-anxiolytic-activities-of-n-pyridin-3-yl-quinoxalin-2-carboxamide-a-novel-serotonin-type-3-receptor-antagonist-in-behavioural-animal-models
#12
Dilip Kumar Pandey, Thangraj Devadoss, Neha Modak, Radhakrishnan Mahesh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Alteration in the serotonin leads to the psychological illness, such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorders and migraines. The objective of the current study was to investigate the antidepressant and anxiolytic activities of N-(pyridin-3-yl) quinoxalin-2-carboxamide (QCF-21), a novel 5-HT3receptor antagonist in preclinical models of depression and anxiety. METHODS: Antidepressant activity was evaluated in preliminary tests such as forced swim and tail suspension tests (FST & TST)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246291/-11-c-5-hydroxy-tryptophan-pet-for-assessment-of-islet-mass-during-progression-of-type-2-diabetes
#13
Lina Carlbom, Daniel Espes, Mark Lubberink, Mats Martinell, Lars Johansson, Håkan Ahlström, Per-Ola Carlsson, Olle Korsgren, Olof Eriksson
[(11)C]5-hydroxy-tryptophan ([(11)C]5-HTP) PET of the pancreas has been shown to be a surrogate imaging biomarker of pancreatic islet mass. The change in islet mass in different stages of type 2 diabetes (T2D) as measured by non-invasive imaging is currently unknown. Here, we describe a cross-sectional study where subjects at different stages of T2D development with expected stratification of pancreatic islet mass were examined in relation to non-diabetic individuals. The primary outcome was the [(11)C]5-HTP uptake and retention in pancreas, as a surrogate marker for the endogenous islet mass...
February 28, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221701/accelerated-combinatorial-high-throughput-star-polymer-synthesis-via-a-rapid-one-pot-sequential-aqueous-raft-rosa-raft-polymerization-scheme
#14
Steffen Cosson, Maarten Danial, Julien Rosselgong Saint-Amans, Justin J Cooper-White
Advanced polymerization methodologies, such as reversible addition-fragmentation transfer (RAFT), allow unprecedented control over star polymer composition, topology, and functionality. However, using RAFT to produce high throughput (HTP) combinatorial star polymer libraries remains, to date, impracticable due to several technical limitations. Herein, the methodology "rapid one-pot sequential aqueous RAFT" or "rosa-RAFT," in which well-defined homo-, copolymer, and mikto-arm star polymers can be prepared in very low to medium reaction volumes (50 µL to 2 mL) via an "arm-first" approach in air within minutes, is reported...
February 21, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220807/field-based-high-throughput-phenotyping-rapidly-identifies-genomic-regions-controlling-yield-components-in-rice
#15
Paul Tanger, Stephen Klassen, Julius P Mojica, John T Lovell, Brook T Moyers, Marietta Baraoidan, Maria Elizabeth B Naredo, Kenneth L McNally, Jesse Poland, Daniel R Bush, Hei Leung, Jan E Leach, John K McKay
To ensure food security in the face of population growth, decreasing water and land for agriculture, and increasing climate variability, crop yields must increase faster than the current rates. Increased yields will require implementing novel approaches in genetic discovery and breeding. Here we demonstrate the potential of field-based high throughput phenotyping (HTP) on a large recombinant population of rice to identify genetic variation underlying important traits. We find that detecting quantitative trait loci (QTL) with HTP phenotyping is as accurate and effective as traditional labor-intensive measures of flowering time, height, biomass, grain yield, and harvest index...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210931/serotonin-syndrome-from-5-hydroxytryptophan-supplement-ingestion-in-a-9-month-old-labrador-retriever
#16
Hopkins Jennifer, Pardo Mariana, Bischoff Karyn
INTRODUCTION: 5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) supplements are available over the counter and labeled as sleeping aids and anxiolytics for human use. 5-HTP is a serotonin precursor and overdose can lead to serotonin syndrome. CASE REPORT: A 9-month-old female Labrador retriever was evaluated after ingestion of a 5-HTP supplement. Signs of agitation developed within 1 h of ingestion, and emesis was attempted by the owner with  3% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) orally. On presentation, the dog was obtunded, bilaterally mydriatic and salivating...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166235/development-and-clinical-performance-of-high-throughput-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-for-detection-of-malaria
#17
Rushini S Perera, Xavier C Ding, Frank Tully, James Oliver, Nigel Bright, David Bell, Peter L Chiodini, Iveth J Gonzalez, Spencer D Polley
BACKGROUND: Accurate and efficient detection of sub-microscopic malaria infections is crucial for enabling rapid treatment and interruption of transmission. Commercially available malaria LAMP kits have excellent diagnostic performance, though throughput is limited by the need to prepare samples individually. Here, we evaluate the clinical performance of a newly developed high throughput (HTP) sample processing system for use in conjunction with the Eiken malaria LAMP kit. METHODS: The HTP system utilised dried blood spots (DBS) and liquid whole blood (WB), with parallel sample processing of 94 samples per run...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157562/life-cycle-assessment-and-nutrient-analysis-of-various-processing-pathways-in-algal-biofuel-production
#18
Dongyan Mu, Roger Ruan, Min Addy, Sarah Mack, Paul Chen, Yong Zhou
This study focuses on analyzing nutrient distributions and environmental impacts of nutrient recycling, reusing, and discharging in algal biofuels production. The three biomass conversion pathways compared in this study were: hydrothermal liquefaction technology (HTL), hydrothermal hydrolysis pretreatment +HTL (HTP), and wet lipid extraction (WLE). Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorous (C, N, P) flows were described in each pathway. A primary cost analysis was conducted to evaluate the economic performance. The LCA results show that the HTP reduced life cycle NOx emissions by 10% from HTL, but increased fossil fuel use, greenhouse gas emissions, and eutrophication potential by 14%, 5%, and 28% respectively...
January 6, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145727/estrogen-dependent-effects-of-5-hydroxytryptophan-on-cortical-spreading-depression-in-rat-modelling-the-serotonin-ovarian-hormone-interaction-in-migraine-aura
#19
Virginie Chauvel, Sylvie Multon, Jean Schoenen
Background Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is the likely culprit of the migraine aura. Migraine is sexually dimorphic and thought to be a "low 5-HT" condition. We sought to decipher the interrelation between serotonin, ovarian hormones and cortical excitability in a model of migraine aura. Methods Occipital KCl-induced CSDs were recorded for one hour at parieto-occipital and frontal levels in adult male (n = 16) and female rats (n = 64) one hour after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) or NaCl...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127513/preliminary-fmri-findings-concerning-the-influence-of-5-htp-on-food-selection
#20
Stephanos Ioannou, Adrian L Williams
OBJECTIVE: This functional magnetic resonance imaging study was designed to observe how physiological brain states can alter food preferences. A primary goal was to observe food-sensitive regions and moreover examine whether 5-HTP intake would activate areas which have been associated with appetite suppression, anorexia, satiety, and weight loss. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: Fourteen healthy male and female participants took part in the study, of which half of them received the supplement 5-HTP and the rest vitamin C (control) on an empty stomach...
January 2017: Brain and Behavior
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