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Helicopter emergency med

Marc Blancher, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R Wheeler, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, Peter Paal
Blancher, Marc, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R. Wheeler III, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, and Peter Paal. Management of multi-casualty incidents in mountain rescue. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2018. INTRODUCTION: Multi-Casualty Incidents (MCI) occur in mountain areas. Little is known about the incidence and character of such events, and the kind of rescue response. Therefore, the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine (ICAR MEDCOM) set out to provide recommendations for the management of MCI in mountain areas...
February 15, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Mathieu Pasquier, Louis Marxer, Hervé Duplain, Vincent Frochaux, Florence Selz, Pierre Métrailler, Grégoire Zen Ruffinen, Olivier Hugli
Pasquier, Mathieu, Louis Marxer, Hervé Duplain, Vincent Frochaux, Florence Selz, Pierre Métrailler, Grégoire Zen Ruffinen, and Olivier Hugli. Indications and outcomes of helicopter rescue missions in alpine mountain huts: A retrospective study. High Alt Med Biol 18:355-362, 2017. AIMS: This retrospective study describes the rescue indications and outcome of patients rescued by helicopter from mountain huts in the Swiss Alps. The hospital course and operational data were also studied...
December 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Paul J Parker, Andrew J Manley, Ross Shand, John P O'Hara, Adrian Mellor
INTRODUCTION: Medical Emergency Response Team (MERT) helicopters fly at altitudes of 3000 m in Afghanistan (9843 ft). Civilian hospitals and disaster-relief surgical teams may have to operate at such altitudes or even higher. Mild hypoxia has been seen to affect the performance of novel tasks at flight levels as low as 5000 ft. Aeromedical teams frequently work in unpressurized environments; it is important to understand the implications of this mild hypoxia and investigate whether supplementary oxygen systems are required for some or all of the team members...
October 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Domhnall O'Dochartaigh, Matthew Douma, Chris Alexiu, Shell Ryan, Mark MacKenzie
Introduction Prehospital ultrasound (PHUS) assessments by physicians and non-physicians are performed on medical and trauma patients with increasing frequency. Prehospital ultrasound has been shown to be of benefit by supporting interventions. Problem Which patients may benefit from PHUS has not been clearly identified. METHODS: A multi-variable logistic regression analysis was performed on a previously created retrospective dataset of five years of physician- and non-physician-performed ultrasound scans in a Canadian critical care Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS)...
October 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Joost Peters, Bas Van Wageningen, Nico Hoogerwerf, Edward Tan
Introduction Early identification of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is essential. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can be used in prehospital settings for non-invasive monitoring and the diagnosis of patients who may require surgical intervention. METHODS: The handheld NIRS Infrascanner (InfraScan Inc.; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania USA) uses eight symmetrical scan points to detect intracranial bleeding. A scanner was tested in a physician-staffed helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS)...
August 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Jose F Quesada, Kirby R Gross, Stacy A Shackelford
BACKGROUND: Identify challenges and best practices in the development of an austere air ambulance transfusion program. METHODS: A search of PubMed using combinations of the key terms 'prehospital,' 'blood product,' 'red blood cells,' 'damage control resuscitation,' 'transfusion,' 'air ambulance,' 'medical evacuation,' and 'medevac' yielded 196 articles for further analysis, with 14 articles suitable for addressing the background of prehospital transfusion within a helicopter...
August 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Bryan B Aherne, Chrystal Zhang, David G Newman
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, accident and fatality rates in helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) operations increase significantly under nighttime environmentally hazardous operational conditions. Other studies have found pilots' total flight hours unrelated to HEMS accident outcomes. Many factors affect pilots' decision making, including their experience. This study seeks to investigate whether pilot domain task experience (DTE) in HEMS plays a role against likelihood of accidents at night when hazardous operational conditions are entered...
June 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Sae Ochi, Shigeaki Kato, Kenichi Kobayashi, Yasuhiro Kanatani
OBJECTIVE: Hospital preparedness against disasters is key to achieving disaster mitigation for health. To gain a holistic view of hospitals in Japan, one of the most disaster-prone countries, a nationwide surveillance of hospital preparedness was conducted. METHODS: A cross-sectional, paper-based interview was conducted that targeted all of the 8701 registered hospitals in Japan. Preparedness was assessed with regard to local hazards, compliance to building code, and preparation of resources such as electricity, water, communication tools, and transportation tools...
December 2015: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Shih-Hao Wang, Tai-Yi Hsu, Jen-Tse Kuan, Jih-Chang Chen, Wei-Fong Kao, Te-Fa Chiu, Yu-Cheng Chen, Hang-Cheng Chen
Wang, Shih-Hao(1,2) Tai-Yi Hsu,(1,2) Jen-Tse Kuan,(1,2) Jih-Chang Chen,(1,2) Wei-Fong Kao,(3) Te-Fa Chiu,(1,2) Yu-Cheng Chen,(1,2) and Hang-Cheng Chen.(1,2) Medical problems requiring mountain rescues from 1985 to 2007 in Yu-Shan National Park, Taiwan. High Alt. Med Biol. 10:77-82, 2009.-Medical problems requiring mountain rescue in densely populated and low-latitude locations like Taiwan have rarely been studied or discussed. The purpose of this research was to examine mountain-rescue operations that occurred in Yu-Shan National Park Taiwan from 1985 to 2007...
2009: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
(no author information available yet)
The crash landing of an Aero Med helicopter on the roof of a Grand Rapids, MI, hospital required the ED team to spring into action. Here are some lessons you can draw from their experience: You or your staff might need to assist fire or EMS personnel in transporting victims to the ED or evacuating the hospital. Even if your ED is not overwhelmed with patients, it might be necessary to go on lockdown to keep onlookers and other unwanted visitors out. Be prepared to discharge stable patients to make room for others with more urgent needs...
August 2008: ED Management: the Monthly Update on Emergency Department Management
John R Wish, William B Long, Richard F Edlich
In March, 1970, the Maryland State Police, in cooperation with the University of Maryland, started the first statewide airborne transportation system. It was modeled after the army's success in Korea and Vietnam, where battlefield injuries were flown to front-line MASH units. The world's premier statewide medical aviation division was made possible through a cooperative effort between the Maryland State Police Aviation Division and Dr. R Adams Cowley at the University of Maryland Hospital as a public service to the citizens of the state...
2005: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
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