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Caveolae

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641181/the-caveolae-dress-code-structure-and-signaling
#1
REVIEW
Christophe Lamaze, Nicolas Tardif, Melissa Dewulf, Stéphane Vassilopoulos, Cédric M Blouin
Over the past decade, interest in caveolae biology has peaked. These small bulb-shaped plasma membrane invaginations of 50-80nm diameter present in most cell types have been upgraded from simple membrane structures to a more complex bona fide organelle. However, although caveolae are involved in several essential cellular functions and pathologies, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly defined. Following the identification of caveolins and cavins as the main caveolae constituents, recent studies have brought new insight into their structural organization as a coat...
June 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637676/editorial-focus-on-balance-between-s-nitrosylation-and-denitrosylation-modulates-myoblast-proliferation-independently-of-soluble-guanylyl-cyclase-activation
#2
Hugo P Monteiro, Fernando T Ogata
Myogenesis involves a complex series of signaling events that will result in the formation of muscle fibers. The participation of nitric oxide (NO) in myogenesis is well established. NO generation in skeletal muscle comes from the neuronal isoform of the NO synthase (nNOS). NO signals through cGMP production and s-nitrosylation of proteins in skeletal muscle. In skeletal muscle, nNOS interacts with two domains of caveolin-3 which is part of caveolae, and forms a signaling complex through additional interactions with Src kinase and p21Ras...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604134/impact-of-exposure-time-particle-size-and-uptake-pathway-on-silver-nanoparticle-effects-on-circulating-immune-cells-in-mytilus-galloprovincialis
#3
Younes Bouallegui, Ridha Ben Younes, Faten Turki, Ridha Oueslati
Nanomaterials have increasingly emerged as potential pollutants to aquatic organisms. Nanomaterials are known to be taken up by hemocytes of marine invertebrates including Mytilus galloprovincialis. Indeed, assessments of hemocyte-related parameters are a valuable tool in the determination of potentials for nanoparticle (NP) toxicity. The present study assessed the effects from two size types of silver nanoparticles (AgNP: <50 nm and <100 nm) on the frequency of hemocytes subpopulations as immunomodulation biomarkers exposed in a mollusk host...
December 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593998/the-ubiquitin-ligase-znrf1-promotes-caveolin-1-ubiquitination-and-degradation-to-modulate-inflammation
#4
Chih-Yuan Lee, Ting-Yu Lai, Meng-Kun Tsai, Yung-Chi Chang, Yu-Hsin Ho, I-Shing Yu, Tzu-Wen Yeh, Chih-Chang Chou, You-Sheng Lin, Toby Lawrence, Li-Chung Hsu
Caveolin-1 (CAV1), the major constituent of caveolae, plays a pivotal role in various cellular biological functions, including cancer and inflammation. The ubiquitin/proteasomal pathway is known to contribute to the regulation of CAV1 expression, but the ubiquitin ligase responsible for CAV1 protein stability remains unidentified. Here we reveal that E3 ubiquitin ligase ZNRF1 modulates CAV1 protein stability to regulate Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4-triggered immune responses. We demonstrate that ZNRF1 physically interacts with CAV1 in response to lipopolysaccharide and mediates ubiquitination and degradation of CAV1...
June 8, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587148/the-role-of-caveolin-1-in-hiv-infection-and-pathogenesis
#5
REVIEW
Ayalew Mergia
Caveolin 1 (Cav-1) is a major component of the caveolae structure and is expressed in a variety of cell types including macrophages, which are susceptible to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Caveolae structures are present in abundance in mechanically stressed cells such as endothelial cells and adipocytes. HIV infection induces dysfunction of these cells and promotes pathogenesis. Cav-1 and the caveolae structure are believed to be involved in multiple cellular processes that include signal transduction, lipid regulation, endocytosis, transcytosis, and mechanoprotection...
May 26, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583008/effect-of-exposure-time-particle-size-and-uptake-pathways-in-immune-cell-lysosomal-cytotoxicity-of-mussels-exposed-to-silver-nanoparticles
#6
Younes Bouallegui, Ridha Ben Younes, Faten Turki, Amine Mezni, Ridha Oueslati
Cytotoxicity evaluation of hemocytes (lysosomal membrane stability [LMS] assay) from Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, exposed to a sublethal dose (100 μg/L) of two size of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs: <50 nm and <100 nm) - prior to and after inhibition of potential uptake pathways (i.e., clathrin- and caveolae-mediated endocytosis) within different times of exposure (3, 6, 12 h) - showed that there was a significant cytotoxic effect on immune cells of mussels exposed for different times to either AgNP size (p < 0...
June 6, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579780/aggregation-is-a-critical-cause-of-poor-transfer-into-the-brain-tissue-of-intravenously-administered-cationic-pamam-dendrimer-nanoparticles
#7
Yoshika Kurokawa, Hideko Sone, Tin-Tin Win-Shwe, Yang Zeng, Hiroyuki Kimura, Yosuke Koyama, Yusuke Yagi, Yasuto Matsui, Masashi Yamazaki, Seishiro Hirano
Dendrimers have been expected as excellent nanodevices for brain medication. An amine-terminated polyamidoamine dendrimer (PD), an unmodified plain type of PD, has the obvious disadvantage of cytotoxicity, but still serves as an attractive molecule because it easily adheres to the cell surface, facilitating easy cellular uptake. Single-photon emission computed tomographic imaging of a mouse following intravenous injection of a radiolabeled PD failed to reveal any signal in the intracranial region. Furthermore, examination of the permeability of PD particles across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in vitro using a commercially available kit revealed poor permeability of the nanoparticles, which was suppressed by an inhibitor of caveolae-mediated endocytosis, but not by an inhibitor of macropinocytosis...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576716/enhanced-targeting-of-invasive-glioblastoma-cells-by-peptide-functionalized-gold-nanorods-in-hydrogel-based-3d-cultures
#8
Diana P N Gonçalves, Raul D Rodriguez, Thomas Kurth, Laura J Bray, Marcus Binner, Christiane Jungnickel, Fatih N Gür, Steve W Poser, Thorsten L Schmidt, Dietrich R T Zahn, Andreas Androutsellis-Theotokis, Michael Schlierf, Carsten Werner
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for drug resistance, tumor recurrence, and metastasis in several cancer types, making their eradication a primary objective in cancer therapy. Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) tumors are usually composed of a highly infiltrating CSC subpopulation, which has Nestin as a putative marker. Since the majority of these infiltrating cells are able to elude conventional therapies, we have developed gold nanorods (AuNRs) functionalized with an engineered peptide capable of specific recognition and selective eradication of Nestin positive infiltrating GBM-CSCs...
May 30, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576067/ph-triggered-degradable-polymeric-micelles-for-targeted-anti-tumor-drug-delivery
#9
Lipeng Qiu, Mengqin Zhu, Kai Gong, Huanhuan Peng, Lu Ge, Li Zhao, Jinghua Chen
2-(Octadecyloxy)-1,3-dioxan-5-amine (OD) with an acid degradable ortho ester group was synthesized, and conjugated to hyaluronic acid (HA) backbone to prepare pH-responsive and tumor-targeted hyaluronic acid-2-(octadecyloxy)-1,3-dioxan-5-amine (HOD) conjugates. (1)H NMR was used to confirm the structures of the OD and HOD. The studies of pH-responsive behavior showed that HOD micelles were stable under physiological conditions while they were degraded in the tumor acidic microenvironment. Doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded HOD micelles (DOX/HOD) with a narrow size distribution were prepared and characterized...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570738/cellular-senescence-is-associated-with-human-retinal-microaneurysm-formation-during-aging
#10
Mariana López-Luppo, Joana Catita, David Ramos, Marc Navarro, Ana Carretero, Luísa Mendes-Jorge, Pura Muñoz-Cánoves, Alfonso Rodriguez-Baeza, Victor Nacher, Jesus Ruberte
Purpose: Microaneurysms are present in healthy old-age human retinas. However, to date, no age-related pathogenic mechanism has been implicated in their formation. Here, cellular senescence, a hallmark of aging and several age-related diseases, has been analyzed in the old-age human retina and in the retina of a progeric mouse. Methods: Retinas were obtained from 17 nondiabetic donors and from mice deficient in Bmi1. Cellular senescence was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, senescent-associated β-galactosidase activity assay, Sudan black B staining, conventional transmission electron microscopy, and immunoelectronmicroscopy...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565931/histopathology-and-analyses-of-inflammation-intensity-in-the-gills-of-mussels-exposed-to-silver-nanoparticles-role-of-nanoparticle-size-exposure-time-and-uptake-pathways
#11
Younes Bouallegui, Ridha Ben Younes, Houda Bellamine, Ridha Oueslati
Environmentally induced perturbation of health parameters lead to morphological changes associated to the inflammatory response. Hematoxyline and eosin (H&E)-stained gill filaments sections were examined for such changes and inflammation intensity was scored according to a quantitative model in order to evaluate the health status of in vivo exposed (for 3, 6, and 12 h) mussels to silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs <50 nm and Ag-NPs <100 nm) prior and after the inhibition of two potential uptake pathways (clathrin- and caveolae-mediated endocytosis) with the aid of pharmaceutical inhibitors (amantadine and nystatin)...
June 21, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560511/caveolin-1-is-markedly-downregulated-in-patients-with-early-stage-colorectal-cancer
#12
Blanca Torrejón, Ion Cristóbal, Federico Rojo, Jesús García-Foncillas
BACKGROUND: Caveolin-1 (CAV-1), the main scaffold protein in caveolae, is frequently deregulated in human cancer. Of importance, this protein has been described to show tumor suppressor or oncogenic properties depending on the cell type and the stage of the disease. In fact, its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains to be fully clarified due to discrepancies in the literature. METHODS: We analyzed CAV-1 by western blot in a set of early-stage CRC patients with paired tumor tissue and normal colonic mucosa available...
May 30, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559430/acetylation-of-cavin-1-promotes-lipolysis-in-white-adipose-tissue
#13
Shui-Rong Zhou, Liang Guo, Xu Wang, Yang Liu, Wan-Qiu Peng, Yuan Liu, Xiang-Bo Wei, Xin Dou, Meng Ding, Qun-Ying Lei, Shu-Wen Qian, Xi Li, Qi-Qun Tang
White adipose tissue (WAT) serves as a reversible energy storage depot in the form of lipids in response to nutritional status. Cavin-1, an essential component in the biogenesis of caveolae, is a positive regulator of lipolysis in adipocytes. However, molecular mechanisms of cavin-1 in the modulation of lipolysis remain poorly understood. Here, we showed that cavin-1 was acetylated at lysines 291, 293, and 298 (3K), which was under nutritional regulation in WAT. We further identified GCN5 as the acetyltransferase and Sirt1 as the deacetylase of cavin-1...
May 30, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559042/self-assembled-core-shell-type-lipid-polymer-hybrid-nanoparticles-intracellular-trafficking-and-relevance-for-oral-absorption
#14
Qiuxia Li, Dengning Xia, Jinsong Tao, Aijun Shen, Yuan He, Yong Gan, Chi Wang
Lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (NPs) are advantageous for drug delivery. However, their intracellular trafficking mechanism and relevance for oral drug absorption are poorly understood. In this study, self-assembled core-shell lipid-polymer hybrid NPs made of PLGA and various lipids were developed to study their differing intracellular trafficking in intestinal epithelial cells, and their relevance for oral absorption of a model drug saquinavir (SQV). Our results demonstrated that the endocytosis and exocytosis of hybrid NPs could be changed by varying the kind of lipid...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555112/caveolin-1-functional-insights-into-its-role-in-muscarine-and-serotonin-induced-smooth-muscle-constriction-in-murine-airways
#15
Maryam Keshavarz, Heike Schwarz, Petra Hartmann, Silke Wiegand, Melanie Skill, Mike Althaus, Wolfgang Kummer, Gabriela Krasteva-Christ
An increased bronchoconstrictor response is a hallmark in the progression of obstructive airway diseases. Acetylcholine and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) are the major bronchoconstrictors. There is evidence that both cholinergic and serotonergic signaling in airway smooth muscle (ASM) involve caveolae. We hypothesized that caveolin-1 (cav-1), a structural protein of caveolae, plays an important regulatory role in ASM contraction. We analyzed airway contraction in different tracheal segments and extra- and intrapulmonary bronchi in cav-1 deficient (cav-1-/-) and wild-type mice using organ bath recordings and videomorphometry of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MCD) treated and non-treated precision-cut lung slices (PCLS)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554768/caveolin-1-expression-in-oral-lichen-planus-dysplastic-lesions-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Zohreh Jaafari-Ashkavandi, Ehsan Aslani
Caveolin-1(Cav-1), the main part of caveolae structure, is supposed to play a role in pathogenesis of many human tumors. Since oral lichen planus (OLP) is considered as a potential premalignant disease, this study evaluated Cav-1 expression in OLP in comparison with benign hyperkeratosis, dysplastic epithelium and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), to investigate its possible role in pathogenesis and malignant transformation of OLP. In this cross-sectional retrospective study, immunohistochemical expression of Cav-1 in the epithelial component and stroma was evaluated in 81 samples, including 12 cases of hyperkeratosis, 24 OLP, 22 epithelial dysplasia, and 23 OSCC samples...
March 9, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553861/endothelial-progenitor-cells-populate-the-stromal-stem-niche-of-tympanum
#17
Mugurel Constantin Rusu, Vasile Sorin Mănoiu, Viorela Maria Popescu, Radu Constantin Ciuluvică
The tympanic membrane (TM) integrity is of utmost integrity for the sense of hearing. Therefore, the intrinsic potential of the TM to regenerate and repair deserves complete characterization. Existing studies brought evidence on the epithelial stem niche of the TM. However, the stromal compartment was not evaluated for harbouring a distinctive stem, or progenitor, niche. We aimed doing this in transmission electron microscopy. We used TMs dissected out from 3 male Oryctolagus cuniculus rabbits. Evidence of stromal quiescent stem cells with was gathered...
May 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546853/caveolin-1-an-oxidative-stress-related-target-for-cancer-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Shengqi Wang, Neng Wang, Yifeng Zheng, Jin Zhang, Fengxue Zhang, Zhiyu Wang
Aberrant oxidative metabolism is one of the hallmarks of cancer. Reactive species overproduction could promote carcinogenesis via inducing genetic mutations and activating oncogenic pathways, and thus, antioxidant therapy was considered as an important strategy for cancer prevention and treatment. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), a constituent protein of caveolae, has been shown to mediate tumorigenesis and progression through oxidative stress modulation recently. Reactive species could modulate the expression, degradation, posttranslational modifications, and membrane trafficking of Cav-1, while Cav-1-targeted treatments could scavenge the reactive species...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542204/similar-regulatory-mechanisms-of-caveolins-and-cavins-by-myocardin-family-coactivators-in-arterial-and-bladder-smooth-muscle
#19
Baoyi Zhu, Catarina Rippe, Tran Thi Hien, Jianwen Zeng, Sebastian Albinsson, Karin G Stenkula, Bengt Uvelius, Karl Swärd
Caveolae are membrane invaginations present at high densities in muscle and fat. Recent work has demonstrated that myocardin family coactivators (MYOCD, MKL1), which are important for contractile differentiation and cell motility, increase caveolin (CAV1, CAV2, CAV3) and cavin (CAVIN1, CAVIN2, CAVIN3) transcription, but several aspects of this control mechanism remain to be investigated. Here, using promoter reporter assays we found that both MKL1/MRTF-A and MKL2/MRTF-B control caveolins and cavins via their proximal promoter sequences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542134/phosphorylated-cav1-activates-autophagy-through-an-interaction-with-becn1-under-oxidative-stress
#20
Jihoon Nah, Seung-Min Yoo, Sunmin Jung, Eun Il Jeong, Moonju Park, Bong-Kiun Kaang, Yong-Keun Jung
CAV1/Caveolin1, an integral membrane protein, is involved in caveolae function and cellular signaling pathways. Here, we report that CAV1 is a positive regulator of autophagy under oxidative stress and cerebral ischemic injury. Treatment with hydrogen peroxide enhanced autophagy flux and caused the localization of BECN1 to the mitochondria, whereas these changes were impaired in the absence of CAV1. Among many autophagy signals, only LC3 foci formation in response to hydrogen peroxide was abolished by CAV1 deficiency...
May 25, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
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