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Caveolae

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798329/measurement-of-caveolin-1-densities-in-the-cell-membrane-for-quantification-of-caveolar-deformation-after-exposure-to-hypotonic-membrane-tension
#1
Masashi Tachikawa, Nobuhiro Morone, Yosuke Senju, Tadao Sugiura, Kyoko Hanawa-Suetsugu, Atsushi Mochizuki, Shiro Suetsugu
Caveolae are abundant flask-shaped invaginations of plasma membranes that buffer membrane tension through their deformation. Few quantitative studies on the deformation of caveolae have been reported. Each caveola contains approximately 150 caveolin-1 proteins. In this study, we estimated the extent of caveolar deformation by measuring the density of caveolin-1 projected onto a two-dimensional (2D) plane. The caveolin-1 in a flattened caveola is assumed to have approximately one-quarter of the density of the caveolin-1 in a flask-shaped caveola...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796282/disulfide-bond-containing-agamatine-cystaminebisacrylamide-polymer-demonstrates-better-transfection-efficiency-and-lower-cytotoxicity-than-polyethylenimine-in-nih-3t3-cells
#2
Zhen Yang, Yanping Sun, Lei Xian, Zhe Xun, Jiankun Yu, Tianzhi Yang, Xiaoyun Zhao, Cuifang Cai, Dongkai Wang, Pingtian Ding
Previously, we synthesized a non-viral vector containing disulfide bond by polymerization of agamatine (AGM) and N, N'-cystaminebisacrylamide (CBA). In this study, we investigated the transfection efficiency of disulfide bond (-SS-) containing AGM-CBA polymer in gene delivery into NIH/3T3 cells, and examined the factors affecting its transfection efficiency by comparing with polyethylenimine (PEI). In addition, experiments were carried out to determine the mechanisms of cell entry pathways and intracellular behavior of AGM-CBA/pDNA polyplexes...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782880/adaptive-changes-of-telocytes-in-the-urinary-bladder-of-patients-affected-by-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity
#3
Chiara Traini, Maria-Simonetta Fausssone-Pellegrini, Daniele Guasti, Giulio Del Popolo, Jacopo Frizzi, Sergio Serni, Maria-Giuliana Vannucchi
Urinary bladder activity involves central and autonomic nervous systems and bladder wall. Studies on the pathogenesis of voiding disorders such as the neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) due to suprasacral spinal cord lesions have emphasized the importance of an abnormal handling of the afferent signals from urothelium and lamina propria (LP). In the LP (and detrusor), three types of telocytes (TC) are present and form a 3D-network. TC are stromal cells able to form the scaffold that contains and organizes the connective components, to serve as guide for tissue (re)-modelling, to produce trophic and/or regulatory molecules, to share privileged contacts with the immune cells...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778116/caveolin-1-restricts-group-a-streptococcus-invasion-of-non-phagocytic-host-cells
#4
Jin Yan Lim, Timothy C Barnett, Michele Bastiani, Kerrie-Ann McMahon, Charles Ferguson, Richard I Webb, Robert G Parton, Mark J Walker
Caveolae are composed of two major proteins, caveolin-1 (CAV1) and cavin-1/polymerase transcript factor I (CAVIN1). Here we demonstrate that CAV1 levels modulate invasion of group A Streptococcus (GAS) into non-phagocytic mammalian cells. GAS showed enhanced internalization into CAV1 knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), and CAV1 knockdown human epithelial HEp-2 cells, whereas over-expression of CAV1 in HEp-2 cells reduced GAS invasion. This effect was not dependent on the expression of the GAS fibronectin binding protein SfbI, which had previously been implicated in caveolae-mediated uptake...
August 4, 2017: Cellular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777555/effect-of-molecular-architecture-on-cell-interactions-and-stealth-properties-of-peg
#5
Imran Ozer, Aysel Tomak, Hadi M Zareie, Yusuf Baran, Volga Bulmus
PEGylation, covalent attachment of PEG to therapeutic biomolecules, in which sub-optimal pharmacokinetic profiles limiting their therapeutic utility are of concern, is a widely applied technology. However, this technology has been challenged by reduced bioactivity and biorecognition ability of biomolecules upon PEGylation and immunogenicity of PEG triggering immune response and abrogating clinical efficacy, which collectively necessitate development of stealth polymer alternatives. In this study, poly[oligo(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate] (POEGMA), increasingly used as a stealth polymer alternative, has been compared with PEG counterpart in terms of physicochemical properties, in vitro cell interaction profiles and steric hindrance imposed on the conjugated biomolecules...
August 4, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770956/investigation-into-the-correlations-of-expressions-of-cav-3-and-smad3-with-pathogenesis-and-prognosis-of-viral-myocarditis
#6
Ch-L Jia, J Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlations of expressions of Caveolae-3 (Cav-3) and sma and mad homologue (Smad3) with the pathogenesis and prognosis of viral myocarditis (VMC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: VMC animal models were prepared and divided into the control group, the virus group and the Shenmai group. We detected the levels of creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) in the serum that was associated with the myocardial injuries, investigated the pathological features of VMC in BALB/C mice via hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, measured the mRNA expressions of Cav-3 and Smad3 via Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and determined the protein expressions of Cav-3 and Smad3 through Western blotting method...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769563/delivery-of-mir-375-and-doxorubicin-hydrochloride-by-lipid-coated-hollow-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-to-overcome-multiple-drug-resistance-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Huiying Xue, Zhaoyang Yu, Yong Liu, Weigang Yuan, Tan Yang, Jia You, Xingxing He, Robert J Lee, Lei Li, Chuanrui Xu
Multidrug resistance (MDR) due to overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a major obstacle that hinders the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It has been shown that miR-375 inhibits P-gp expression via inhibition of astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) expression in HCC, and induces apoptosis in HCC cells by targeting AEG-1 and YAP1. In this study, we prepared lipid-coated hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (LH) containing doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) and miR-375 (LHD/miR-375) to deliver the two agents into MDR HCC cells in vitro and in vivo...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760776/tie2-associates-with-caveolae-and-regulates-caveolin-1-to-promote-their-nuclear-translocation
#8
Mohammad B Hossain, Rehnuma Shifat, Jingyi Li, Xuemei Luo, Kenneth R Hess, Yisel Rivera-Molina, Francisco P Martinez, Hong Jiang, Frederick F Lang, Mien-Chie Hung, Juan Fueyo, Candelaria Gomez-Manzano
DNA repair pathways are aberrant in cancer, enabling tumor cells to survive standard therapies-chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Our group previously reported that, upon irradiation, the membrane-bound tyrosine kinase receptor TIE2 translocates into the nucleus and phosphorylates histone H4 at Tyr51, recruiting ABL1 to the DNA repair complexes that participate in the non-homologous end-joining pathway. However, no specific molecular mechanisms of TIE2 endocytosis have been reported. Here, we show that irradiation or ligand-induced TIE2 trafficking is dependent on caveolin-1, the main component of caveolae...
July 31, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753584/characterization-of-physiochemical-properties-of-caveolin-1-from-normal-and-prion-infected-human-brains
#9
Xiangzhu Xiao, Pingping Shen, Zerui Wang, Johnny Dang, Alise Adornato, Lewis S Zou, Zhiqian Dong, Jue Yuan, Jiachun Feng, Li Cui, Wen-Quan Zou
Caveolin-1 is a major component protein of the caveolae-a type of flask shaped, 50-100 nm, nonclathrin-coated, microdomain present in the plasma membrane of most mammalian cells. Caveolin-1 functions as a scaffolding protein to organize and concentrate signaling molecules within the caveolae, which may be associated with its unique physicochemical properties including oligomerization, acquisition of detergent insolubility, and association with cholesterol. Here we demonstrate that caveolin-1 is detected in all brain areas examined and recovered in both detergent-soluble and -insoluble fractions...
July 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751541/downregulation-of-cavin-1-expression-via-increasing-caveolin-1-degradation-prompts-the-proliferation-and-migration-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-balloon-injury-induced-neointimal-hyperplasia
#10
Li-Jun Zhou, Xue-Ying Chen, Shui-Ping Liu, Lin-Lin Zhang, Ya-Nan Xu, Pan-Wei Mu, Deng-Feng Geng, Zhi Tan
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention has been widely used in the treatment of ischemic heart disease, but vascular restenosis is a main limitation of percutaneous coronary intervention. Our previous work reported that caveolin-1 had a key functional role in intimal hyperplasia, whereas whether Cavin-1 (another important caveolae-related protein) was involved is still unknown. Therefore, we will investigate the effect of Cavin-1 on neointimal formation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Balloon injury markedly reduced Cavin-1 protein and enhanced ubiquitin protein expression accompanied with neointimal hyperplasia in injured carotid arteries, whereas Cavin-1 mRNA had no change...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747549/inhibitory-effect-of-caveolin-1-in-vascular-endothelial-cells-pericytes-and-smooth-muscle-cells
#11
Hongping Xu, Liwei Zhang, Wei Chen, Jiazhou Xu, Ruting Zhang, Ran Liu, Lan Zhou, Wenjie Hu, Rong Ju, Chunsik Lee, Weisi Lu, Anil Kumar, Xuri Li, Zhongshu Tang
Caveolin-1 (Cav1) is the principle structural protein of caveolae. It plays important roles in the vascular system under both physiological and pathological conditions. Although Cav1 has been shown to inhibit microvascular permeability and has been considered as a tumor-suppressor for years, the underlying cellular mechanism has yet to be discovered. Here, we systematically investigated Cav1 functions in the main types of vascular cells, including endothelial cells (ECs), pericytes (PCs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs)...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744887/in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-internalization-and-toxicological-profile-of-silica-nanoparticles-and-submicroparticles-for-the-design-of-dermal-drug-delivery-strategies
#12
Sara Vicente, Claudia Moia, Huijun Zhu, Xavier Vigé
The use of colloidal silica nanoparticles and sub-microparticles (SiPs) have been considered a very interesting strategy for drug delivery applications. In the present study, we have focused our attention on the suitability of these nanomaterials as potential carriers for dermal drug delivery, thus studying their toxicological profile in vitro, cellular uptake and intracellular localization in both human keratinocytes (K17) and human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) as a function of their particle size (SiPs of 20, 70, 200 and 500 nm)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744223/modulation-of-the-plasma-kallikrein-kinin-system-proteins-performed-by-heparan-sulfate-proteoglycans
#13
REVIEW
Guacyara Motta, Ivarne L S Tersariol
Human plasma kallikrein-kinin system proteins are related to inflammation through bradykinin. In the proximity of its target cells, high molecular weight kininogen (H-kininogen) is the substrate of plasma kallikrein, which releases bradykinin from H-kininogen. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) play a critical role in either recruiting kinin precursors from the plasma, or in the assembly of kallikrein-kinin system components on the cell surface. Furthermore, HSPGs mediate the endocytosis and activation of H-kininogen and plasma prekallikrein...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729092/annexin-a2-modulated-proliferation-of-pulmonary-arterial-smooth-muscle-cells-depends-on-caveolae-and-caveolin-1-in-hepatopulmonary-syndrome
#14
Lin Liao, Binwu Zheng, Bin Yi, Chang Liu, Lin Chen, Ziyang Zeng, Jing Gao
We have established that annexin A2 (ANXA2) is an important factor in the experimental hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) serum-induced proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). However, the detailed mechanism remains unclear. ANXA2 translocated to the caveolin-enriched microdomains (caveolae) in PASMCs upon HPS serum stimulation. The disruption of caveolae by Methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD) alleviated the caveolae recruitment of ANXA2 and the ANXA2-mediated activation of ERK1/2 and NF-κB, so that ANXA2-modulated PASMC proliferation was suppressed...
July 17, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726952/porphyra-polysaccharide-derived-carbon-dots-for-non-viral-co-delivery-of-different-gene-combinations-and-neuronal-differentiation-of-ectodermal-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#15
Jiaxin Chen, Qiang Wang, Jie Zhou, Wenwen Deng, Qingtong Yu, Xia Cao, Jianping Wang, Fengxia Shao, Yang Li, Ping Ma, Myron Spector, Jiangnan Yu, Ximing Xu
In this study, multifunctional fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) were synthesized using a one-pot hydrothermal carbonization reaction, with the naturally-occurring porphyra polysaccharide (PPS) serving as a single carbon source for the first time and ethylenediamine (Ed) acting as the surface passivation agent. The resulting CDs enjoyed a high quantum yield (56.3%), excitation-dependent fluorescence, small size (<10 nm), spherical shape, uniform distribution, positive surface charge, low cytotoxicity and excellent ability to condense macromolecular plasmid DNA...
August 3, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725180/endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-is-present-in-dendritic-spines-of-neurons-in-primary-cultures
#16
Ariel Caviedes, Manuel Varas-Godoy, Carlos Lafourcade, Soledad Sandoval, Javiera Bravo-Alegria, Thilo Kaehne, Angela Massmann, Jorge P Figueroa, Francisco Nualart, Ursula Wyneken
Nitric oxide exerts important regulatory functions in various brain processes. Its synthesis in neurons has been most commonly ascribed to the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) isoform. However, the endothelial isoform (eNOS), which is significantly associated with caveolae in different cell types, has been implicated in synaptic plasticity and is enriched in the dendrites of CA1 hippocampal neurons. Using high resolution microscopy and co-distribution analysis of eNOS with synaptic and raft proteins, we now show for the first time in primary cortical and hippocampal neuronal cultures, virtually devoid of endothelial cells, that eNOS is present in neurons and is localized in dendritic spines...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724764/rab5-and-rab11-are-required-for-clathrin-dependent-endocytosis-of-japanese-encephalitis-virus-in-bhk-21-cells
#17
Chun-Chun Liu, Yun-Na Zhang, Zhao-Yao Li, Jin-Xiu Hou, Jing Zhou, Lin Kan, Bin Zhou, Pu-Yan Chen
During infection Japanese Encephalitis Virus generally enters host cells via receptor-mediated clathrin dependent endocytosis. The trafficking of JEV within endosomes is controlled by Rab GTPases, but which Rab proteins are involved in JEV entry into BHK-21 cells is unknown. In this study, entry and post-internalization of JEV were analyzed using biochemical inhibitors, RNA interference and dominant negative mutants. Our data demonstrate that JEV entry into BHK-21 cells depends on clathrin, dynamin, and cholesterol, but not caveolae or macropinocytosis...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700237/rgd-modified-albumin-nanoconjugates-for-targeted-delivery-of-a-porphyrin-photosensitizer
#18
Fang Li, Yan Zhao, Chengqiong Mao, Yi Kong, Xin Ming
Advances in photodynamic therapy of cancer have been restrained by lack of cancer specificity and side effects to normal tissues. Molecularly targeted photodynamic therapy can achieve higher cancer specificity by combination of active cancer targeting and localized laser activation. We aimed to use albumin as a carrier to prepare targeted nanoconjugates that are selective to cancer cells and smaller than conventional nanoparticles for superior tumor penetration. IRDye 700DX (IR700), a porphyrin photosensitizer, was covalently conjugated to human serum albumin that was also linked with tumor-targeting RGD peptides...
August 7, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698382/phosphatidylserine-dictates-the-assembly-and-dynamics-of-caveolae-in-the-plasma-membrane
#19
Takashi Hirama, Raibatak Das, Yanbo Yang, Charles Ferguson, Amy Won, Christopher M Yip, Jason G Kay, Sergio Grinstein, Robert G Parton, Gregory D Fairn
Caveolae are bulb-shaped nanodomains of the plasma membrane that are enriched in cholesterol and sphingolipids. They have many physiological functions, including endocytic transport, mechanosensing, and regulation of membrane and lipid transport. Caveola formation relies on integral membrane proteins termed caveolins (CAVs) and the cavin family of peripheral proteins. Both protein families bind anionic phospholipids, but the precise roles of these lipids are unknown. Here, we studied the effects of phosphatidylserine (PtdSer), phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns4P), and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns4,5P2) on caveolar formation and dynamics...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696684/development-of-%C3%AE-carotene-loaded-organogel-based-nanoemulsion-with-improved-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-bioaccessibility
#20
Yuting Fan, Luyu Gao, Jiang Yi, Yuzhu Zhang, Wallace Yokoyama
β-Carotene (BC), a naturally occurring lipophilic carotenoid, is beneficial for human health. However, its water solubility and bioavailability are low. In this study, organogel-based nanoemulsion was successfully prepared to improve the loading amount, solubility, and bioavailability of BC. Corn oil was selected as the oil phase for the organogel as a result of the greatest release amount of BC. Tween 20 was optimized as the emulsifier based on the highest extent of lipolysis and BC bioaccessibility. The nanoemulsion was a better alternative than the organogel according to both the extent of lipolysis and BC bioaccessibility...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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