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Caveolae

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096469/super-resolution-visualization-of-caveolae-deformation-in-response-to-osmotic-stress
#1
Lu Yang, Suzanne Scarlata
Caveolae are protein dense plasma membrane domains structurally composed of caveolin -1 or -3 along with other proteins. Our previous studies have shown that caveolae enhance calcium signals generated through the Gαq/phospholipase Cβ signaling pathway, and that subjecting cells to hypo-osmotic stress reverses this enhancement. In this study, we have used super-resolution fluorescence microscopy supplemented by fluorescence correlation studies to determine the structural factors that underlie this behavior...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095657/characterization-of-caveola-vesicle-complexes-cvcs-protein-phist-cvc-8195-in-plasmodium-vivax
#2
Bo Wang, Feng Lu, Jin-Hee Han, Seong-Kyun Lee, Yang Cheng, Myat Htut Nyunt, Kwon-Soo Ha, Seok-Ho Hong, Won Sun Park, Eun-Taek Han
Plasmodium vivax produces numerous caveola-vesicle complex (CVC) structures beneath the membrane of infected erythrocytes. Recently, a member helical interspersed subtelomeric (PHIST) superfamily protein, PcyPHIST/CVC-8195, was identified as CVCs-associated protein in Plasmodium cynomolgi and essential for survival of this parasite. Very little information has been documented to date about PHIST/CVC-8195 protein in P. vivax. In this study, the recombinant PvPHIST/CVC-8195 N and C termini were expressed, and immunoreactivity was assessed using confirmed vivax malaria patients sera by protein microarray...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078484/the-effect-of-surface-charges-on-the-cellular-uptake-of-liposomes-investigated-by-live-cell-imaging
#3
Ji Hee Kang, Woo Young Jang, Young Tag Ko
PURPOSE: Liposomes have been developed as versatile nanocarriers for various pharmacological agents. The effect of surface charges on the cellular uptake of the liposomes has been studied by various methods using mainly fixed cells with inevitable limitations. Live cell imaging has been proposed as an alternative methods to overcome the limitations of the fixed cell-based analysis. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of surface charges on cellular association and internalization of the liposomes using live cell imaging...
January 11, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051846/selective-intracellular-delivery-of-ganglioside-gm3-binding-peptide-through-caveolae-raft-mediated-endocytosis
#4
Teruhiko Matsubara, Ryohei Otani, Miki Yamashita, Haruka Maeno, Hanae Nodono, Toshinori Sato
Glycosphingolipids are major components of the membrane raft, and several kinds of viruses and bacterial toxins are known to bind to glycosphingolipids in the membrane raft. Since the viral genes and pathogenic proteins that are taken into cells are directly delivered to their target organelles, caveolae/raft-mediated endocytosis represents a promising pathway for specific delivery. In the present study, we demonstrated the ability of an artificial pentadecapeptide, which binds to ganglioside GM3, to deliver protein into cells by caveolae/raft-mediated endocytosis...
January 4, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044098/polymyxins-facilitate-entry-into-mammalian-cells
#5
Kristina M Hamill, Lisa S McCoy, Ezequiel Wexselblatt, Jeffrey D Esko, Yitzhak Tor
Polymyxin B is an antibiotic used against multi-resistant gram negative infections, despite observed nephrotoxicity. Here we report the synthesis of functionalized derivatives of polymyxin B and its per-guanidinylated derivative in order to further explore the structural requirements necessary to facilitate uptake of the antibiotic into mammalian cells. We also investigate the possibility of using these novel scaffolds as molecular transporters. At nanomolar concentrations, both are capable of delivering large cargo (>300 kDa) into living cells...
August 1, 2016: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039202/caveolae-specific-activation-loop-between-camkii-and-l-type-ca2-channel-aggravates-cardiac-hypertrophy-in-%C3%AE-1-adrenergic-stimulation
#6
Kota Tonegawa, Wataru Otsuka, Shohei Kumagai, Sachi Matsunami, Nao Hayamizu, Shota Tanaka, Kazumasa Moriwaki, Masanori Obana, Makiko Maeda, Michio Asahi, Hiroshi Kiyonari, Yasushi Fujio, Hiroyuki Nakayama
AIMS: Activation of CaMKII induces a myriad of biological processes and plays dominant roles in cardiac hypertrophy. Caveolar microdomain contains many CaMKII targets, including L-type Ca2+ channel (LTCC) complex, and serves as a signalling platform. The location of CaMKII activation is thought to be critical, however, the roles of CaMKII in caveolae are still elusive due to lack of methodology for the assessment of caveolae-specific activation. Our aim was to develop a novel tool for the specific analysis of CaMKII activation in caveolae, and to determine the functional role of caveolar CaMKII in cardiac hypertrophy...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032534/improved-oral-bioavailability-and-therapeutic-efficacy-of-dabigatran-etexilate-via-soluplus-%C3%A2-tpgs-binary-mixed-micelles-system
#7
Mei Hu, Jinjie Zhang, Rui Ding, Yao Fu, Tao Gong, Zhirong Zhang
The clinical use of dabigatran etexilate (DABE) is limited by its poor absorption and relatively low bioavailability. Our study aimed to explore the potential of a mixed micelle system composed of Soluplus(®) and D-alpha tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) to improve the oral absorption and bioavailability of DBAE. DBAE was first encapsulated into Soluplus/TPGS mixed micelles by a simple thin film hydration method. The DBAE loaded micelles displayed an average size distribution of around 83...
December 29, 2016: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027923/specific-uptake-mechanisms-of-well-tolerated-thermoresponsive-polyglycerol-based-nanogels-in-antigen-presenting-cells-of-the-skin
#8
Alexander Edlich, Christian Gerecke, Michael Giulbudagian, Falko Neumann, Sarah Hedtrich, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Nan Ma, Marcelo Calderon, Burkhard Kleuser
Engineered nanogels are of high value for a targeted and controlled transport of compounds due to the ability to change their chemical properties by external stimuli. As it has been indicated that nanogels possess a high ability to penetrate the stratum corneum, it cannot be excluded that nanogels interact with dermal dendritic cells, especially in diseased skin. In this study the potential crosstalk of the thermoresponsive nanogels (tNGs) with the dendritic cells of the skin was investigated with the aim to determine the immunotoxicological properties of the nanogels...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004830/fluid-flow-facilitates-inward-rectifier-k-current-by-convectively-restoring-k-at-the-cell-membrane-surface
#9
Jae Gon Kim, Sang Woong Park, Doyoung Byun, Wahn Soo Choi, Dong Jun Sung, Kyung Chul Shin, Hyun-Ji Kim, Young-Eun Leem, Jong-Sun Kang, Hana Cho, Bokyung Kim, Sung I Cho, Young Min Bae
The inward rectifier Kir2.1 current (IKir2.1) was reported to be facilitated by fluid flow. However, the mechanism underlying this facilitation remains uncertain. We hypothesized that during K(+) influx or efflux, [K(+)] adjacent to the outer mouth of the Kir2.1 channel might decrease or increase, respectively, compared with the average [K(+)] of the bulk extracellular solution, and that fluid flow could restore the original [K(+)] and result in the apparent facilitation of IKir2.1. We recorded the IKir2.1 in RBL-2H3 cells and HEK293T cells that were ectopically over-expressed with Kir2...
December 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992192/heparin-enhances-transfection-in-concert-with-a-trehalose-based-polycation-with-challenging-cell-types
#10
William S Boyle, Kyle Senger, Jakub Tolar, Theresa M Reineke
Improving the delivery of nucleic acids to diverse tissue types in culture is important for translating genome editing for regenerative cell therapies. Herein, we examine the effect of transfection media additives, such as the sulfated glycosaminoglycan heparin, in dramatically increasing pDNA delivery efficiency and transgene expression in a wide variety of cell types. Polyplexes formed by combining pDNA and Tr4, a cationic glycopolymer containing repeated trehalose and pentaethylenetetramine groups, were treated with low concentrations of heparin prior to in vitro transfection with plasmid DNA...
December 19, 2016: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960313/integrating-enzymatic-self-assembly-and-mitochondria-targeting-for-selectively-killing-cancer-cells-without-acquired-drug-resistance
#11
Huaimin Wang, Zhaoqianqi Feng, Youzhi Wang, Rong Zhou, Zhimou Yang, Bing Xu
Targeting organelles by modulating the redox potential of mitochondria is a promising approach to kill cancer cells that minimizes acquired drug resistance. However, it lacks selectivity because mitochondria perform essential functions for (almost) all cells. We show that enzyme-instructed self-assembly (EISA), a bioinspired molecular process, selectively generates the assemblies of redox modulators (e.g., triphenyl phosphinium (TPP)) in the pericellular space of cancer cells for uptake, which allows selectively targeting the mitochondria of cancer cells...
December 14, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942025/clostridium-difficile-toxin-a-undergoes-clathrin-independent-pacsin2-dependent-endocytosis
#12
Ramyavardhanee Chandrasekaran, Anne K Kenworthy, D Borden Lacy
Clostridium difficile infection affects a significant number of hospitalized patients in the United States. Two homologous exotoxins, TcdA and TcdB, are the major virulence factors in C. difficile pathogenesis. The toxins are glucosyltransferases that inactivate Rho family-GTPases to disrupt host cellular function and cause fluid secretion, inflammation, and cell death. Toxicity depends on receptor binding and subsequent endocytosis. TcdB has been shown to enter cells by clathrin-dependent endocytosis, but the mechanism of TcdA uptake is still unclear...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940194/endocytosis-of-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-and-modulation-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-human-ovarian-and-colon-cancer-cells
#13
James A Vassie, John M Whitelock, Megan S Lord
: Cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria) are widely reported to be cytocompatible and modulate intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a range of different cell types. In this study, nanoceria (d=7 and 94nm) synthesised by flame spray pyrolysis did not affect the proliferation of SKOV3 human ovarian and WiDr human colon cancer cell lines over a 72h treatment period. The cellular accumulation of nanoceria was uniform and increased up to 24h post-treatment before decreasing. The uptake of nanoceria in both cell lines was energy-dependent and was found to occur via non-specific pathways as well as clathrin-coated vesicles and caveolae...
December 8, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939834/focus-on-the-role-of-caveolin-and-cavin-protein-families-in-liposarcoma
#14
REVIEW
Silvia Codenotti, Marika Vezzoli, Eugenio Monti, Alessandro Fanzani
The identification of ancillary biomarkers useful to improve diagnosis is a major challenge for adipocytic liposarcoma (LPS), the most common type among soft tissue sarcomas affecting adulthood. Recent findings have reported the expression of some proteins belonging to Caveolin and Cavin families as a critical hallmark distinctive of the least aggressive, well-differentiated LPS tumors. These proteins are involved in the biogenesis, morphology and function of caveolae, minute bulb-shaped domains of the plasma membrane that play a crucial role in the adipose tissue by controlling hormone-dependent uptake of nutrients and contributing to the maintenance of tissue integrity...
December 7, 2016: Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929047/caveolin-1-is-an-aggresome-inducing-protein
#15
Ajit Tiwari, Courtney A Copeland, Bing Han, Caroline A Hanson, Krishnan Raghunathan, Anne K Kenworthy
Caveolin-1 (Cav1) drives the formation of flask-shaped membrane invaginations known as caveolae that participate in signaling, clathrin-independent endocytosis and mechanotransduction. Overexpression or mutations of Cav1 can lead to its mistrafficking, including its accumulation in a perinuclear compartment previously identified as the Golgi complex. Here, we show that in the case of overexpressed Cav1-GFP, this perinuclear compartment consists of cytoplasmic inclusion bodies generated in response to the accumulation of aggregates of misfolded proteins, known as aggresomes...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924566/cell-based-assays-to-study-erk-pathway-caveolin1-interactions
#16
Raffaele Strippoli, Asier Echarri, Miguel Angel Del Pozo
Caveolin1, the main component of caveolae, plays a major role in regulating cell motility, gene expression, and cytoskeleton remodeling downstream of many membrane receptors. Here, we summarize different techniques set up to study changes in cell morphology and cell motility regulated by ERK/caveolin1 interactions during induction of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) in mesothelial cells (MCs).
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913127/co-assembly-of-doxorubicin-and-curcumin-targeted-micelles-for-synergistic-delivery-and-improving-anti-tumor-efficacy
#17
Wenzhuan Ma, Qiang Guo, Ying Li, Xiaohui Wang, Jinling Wang, Pengfei Tu
Chemotherapeutic drugs have a series of limitations in anti-tumor treatment, mainly including multidrug resistance (MDR) and serious adverse reactions. Co-delivery system with two or more synergistic therapeutic drugs is an effective strategy to settle these limitations. In this study, active tumor-targeted co-delivery micelles (DOX+Cur)-PMs, with two synergistic drugs of a therapeutic drug of doxorubicin (DOX) and a chemosensitizer of curcumin (Cur) co-encapsulated into hyaluronic acid-vitamin E succinate (HA-VES) graft copolymer, were prepared and delivered simultaneously into tumor cells for improving therapeutic effects of DOX...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911845/unraveling-the-architecture-of-caveolae
#18
Robert G Parton, Brett M Collins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896622/caveolin-proteins-a-molecular-insight-into-disease
#19
REVIEW
Hongli Yin, Tianyi Liu, Ying Zhang, Baofeng Yang
Caveolae are a kind of specific cystic structures of lipid rafts in the cytoplasmic membrane and are rich in cholesterol and sphingolipids. In recent years, many researchers have found that both caveolins and caveolae play a role in the development of various human diseases, including coronary heart disease, hypertension, and nervous system disorders. The specific mechanisms by which caveolins induce diseases have been a topic of interest. However, a number of detailed molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood...
November 28, 2016: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895190/caveolin-1-deletion-prevents-hypertensive-vascular-remodeling-induced-by-angiotensin-ii
#20
Steven J Forrester, Katherine J Elliott, Tatsuo Kawai, Takashi Obama, Michael J Boyer, Kyle J Preston, Zhen Yan, Satoru Eguchi, Victor Rizzo
It has been proposed that membrane microdomains, caveolae, in vascular cells are critical for signal transduction and downstream functions induced by angiotensin II (AngII). We have tested our hypothesis that caveolin-1 (Cav1), a major structural protein of vascular caveolae, plays a critical role in the development of vascular remodeling by AngII via regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor and vascular endothelial adhesion molecule-1. Cav1(-/-) and control Cav(+/+) mice were infused with AngII for 2 weeks to induce vascular remodeling and hypertension...
January 2017: Hypertension
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