keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Caveolae

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432017/dual-functional-nanoparticles-for-precise-drug-delivery-to-alzheimer-s-disease-lesions-targeting-mechanisms-pharmacodynamics-and-safety
#1
Xiaoyao Zheng, Chi Zhang, Qian Guo, Xu Wan, Xiayan Shao, Qingfeng Liu, Qizhi Zhang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and is characterized by the cerebral accumulation of extracellular amyloid plaques. In a previous study, this histopathological hallmark was used as a target on a dual-functional nanoparticle (TQNP) to deliver biotechnological drugs, such as the H102 peptide, a β-sheet breaker, to AD lesions precisely. This delivery system could reduce the amyloid-β (Aβ) burden in the brains of AD model mice, as well as ameliorated the memory impairment of the mice...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430879/role-of-phosphatase-and-tensin-homolog-pten-in-hypoxic-pulmonary-vasoconstriction
#2
Adrienn Krauszman, Tak Mak, Katalin Szaszi, Wolfgang M Kuebler
AIMS: Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) redistributes blood flow from poorly ventilated to better aerated areas in the lung, thereby optimizing ventilation-perfusion ratio (V/Q). Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) contraction in response to hypoxia is triggered by Ca2+ influx via transient receptor potential canonical 6 (TRPC6) cation channels that have translocated to caveolae in the plasma membrane. Since phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) was suggested to regulate TRPC6 in endothelial cells, we aimed to define its role in the hypoxic response of PASMCs and as a putative mediator of HPV...
April 18, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416077/blood-brain-barrier-permeability-is-regulated-by-lipid-transport-dependent-suppression-of-caveolae-mediated-transcytosis
#3
Benjamin J Andreone, Brian Wai Chow, Aleksandra Tata, Baptiste Lacoste, Ayal Ben-Zvi, Kevin Bullock, Amy A Deik, David D Ginty, Clary B Clish, Chenghua Gu
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) provides a constant homeostatic brain environment that is essential for proper neural function. An unusually low rate of vesicular transport (transcytosis) has been identified as one of the two unique properties of CNS endothelial cells, relative to peripheral endothelial cells, that maintain the restrictive quality of the BBB. However, it is not known how this low rate of transcytosis is achieved. Here we provide a mechanism whereby the regulation of CNS endothelial cell lipid composition specifically inhibits the caveolae-mediated transcytotic route readily used in the periphery...
April 11, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402392/caveolae-localized-l-type-ca2-channels-do-not-contribute-to-function-or-hypertrophic-signalling-in-the-mouse-heart
#4
Robert N Correll, Catherine A Makarewich, Hongyu Zhang, Chen Zhang, Michelle A Sargent, Allen J York, Remus M Berretta, Xiongwen Chen, Steven R Houser, Jeffery D Molkentin
Aims: L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs) in adult cardiomyocytes are localized to t-tubules where they initiate excitation-contraction coupling. Our recent work has shown that a subpopulation of LTCCs found at the surface sarcolemma in caveolae of adult feline cardiomyocytes can also generate a Ca2+ microdomain that activates nuclear factor of activated T-cells signaling and cardiac hypertrophy, although the relevance of this paradigm to hypertrophy regulation in vivo has not been examined...
April 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383524/cytosolic-co-delivery-of-mirna-34a-and-docetaxel-with-core-shell-nanocarriers-via-caveolae-mediated-pathway-for-the-treatment-of-metastatic-breast-cancer
#5
Li Zhang, Xin Yang, Yaqi Lv, Xiaofei Xin, Chao Qin, Xiaopeng Han, Lei Yang, Wei He, Lifang Yin
Co-delivery of microRNAs and chemotherapeutic drugs into tumor cells is an attractive strategy for synergetic breast cancer therapy due to their complementary mechanisms. In this work, a core-shell nanocarrier coated by cationic albumin was developed to simultaneously deliver miRNA-34a and docetaxel (DTX) into breast cancer cells for improved therapeutic effect. The co-delivery nanocarriers showed a spherical morphology with an average particle size of 183.9 nm, and they efficiently protected miRNA-34a from degradation by RNase and serum...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376378/inhibition-of-c-src-protects-paraquat-induced-microvascular-endothelial-injury-by-modulating-caveolin-1-phosphorylation-and-caveolae-mediated-transcellular-permeability
#6
Yu Huang, Qing He
The mechanisms underlying paraquat induced acute lung injury (ALI) is still not clear. C-Src plays an important role in the regulation of microvascular endothelial barrier function and the pathogenesis of ALI. In the present study, we found that paraquat induced cell toxicity and an increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in endothelium. Paraquat exposure also induced significant increase of caveolin-1 phosphorylation, caveolae trafficking and albumin permeability in endothelial monolayers. C-Src depletion by siRNA significantly attenuate paraquat induced cell toxicity, caveolin-1 phosphorylation, caveolae formation and endothelial hyperpermeability...
February 2, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359815/insight-into-the-role-of-dual-ligand-modification-in-low-molecular-weight-heparin-based-nanocarrier-for-targeted-delivery-of-doxorubicin
#7
Hongliang Du, Mengrui Liu, Aihua Yu, Jianbo Ji, Guangxi Zhai
Low molecular weight heparin nanoparticles (LMWH) modified by glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) (LMWH-GA) and further decorated by lactobionic acid (LA) (LA-LMWH-GA) were reported as novel hepatocellular carcinoma (HPC)-targeted carriers to overcome multidrug resistance (MDR) of doxorubicin (DOX). The drug-loaded nanoparticles had negative charge of around -25mV and average size range of 70-170nm. These nanoparticles performed sustained drug release in vitro and prolonged DOX residence time in blood circulation in vivo...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350088/reactive-oxygen-species-mediate-angiotensin-ii-induced-transcytosis-of-low-density-lipoprotein-across-endothelial-cells
#8
Fang Bian, Jun Cui, Tao Zheng, Si Jin
The retention of plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles to subendothelial spaces through transcytosis across the endothelium is the initial step of atherosclerosis (AS). Angiotensin II (Ang II), as the principal effector molecule of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), is implicated in several important steps of AS development. However, whether or not Ang II can directly exert a pro‑atherogenic effect by promoting LDL transcytosis across endothelial barriers, has not been defined. In the present study, we found that Ang II upregulated intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in endothelial cells (ECs) by measuring fluorescence of 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein (DCF‑DA)...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348005/vascular-basement-membrane-alterations-and-%C3%AE-amyloid-accumulations-in-an-animal-model-of-cerebral-small-vessel-disease
#9
Friederike Held, Alan W J Morris, Daniel Pirici, Solveig Niklass, Matthew M G Sharp, Cornelia Garz, Anne Assmann, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Frank Schreiber, Roxana Octavia Carare, Stefanie Schreiber
Non-amyloid cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) may be interrelated by the damaged basement membranes (BMs) and extracellular matrix changes of small vessels, resulting in a failure of β-amyloid (Aβ) transport and degradation. We analysed BM changes and the pattern of deposition of Aβ in the walls of blood vessels in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats (SHRSP), a non-transgenic CSVD model. In 45 SHRSP and 38 Wistar rats aged 18 to 32 weeks 1) the percentage area immunostained for vascular collagen IV and laminin was quantified, 2) the capillary BM thickness as well as endothelial and pericyte pathological changes were analysed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and 3) the presence of vascular Aβ was assessed...
March 27, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347807/retinal-gene-delivery-enhancement-by-lycopene-incorporation-into-cationic-niosomes-based-on-dotma-and-polysorbate-60
#10
Mohamed Mashal, Noha Attia, Gustavo Puras, Gema Martínez-Navarrete, Eduardo Fernández, Jose Luis Pedraz
The present study aimed to evaluate the incorporation of the natural lipid lycopene into niosome formulations based on cationic lipid DOTMA and polysorbate 60 non-ionic surfactant to analyze the potential application of this novel formulation to deliver genetic material into the rat retina. Both niosomes with and without lycopene were prepared by the reverse phase evaporation method and physicochemically characterized in terms of size, zeta potential, polydispersity index and capacity to condense, release and protect the DNA against enzymatic digestion...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343262/cavin-1-deficiency-modifies-myocardial-and-coronary-function-stretch-responses-and-ischaemic-tolerance-roles-of-nos-over-activity
#11
Mika Kaakinen, Melissa E Reichelt, Zhibin Ma, Charles Ferguson, Nick Martel, Enzo R Porrello, James E Hudson, Walter G Thomas, Robert G Parton, John P Headrick
Caveolae and associated cavin and caveolins may govern myocardial function, together with responses to mechanical and ischaemic stresses. Abnormalities in these proteins are also implicated in different cardiovascular disorders. However, specific roles of the cavin-1 protein in cardiac and coronary responses to mechanical/metabolic perturbation remain unclear. We characterised cardiovascular impacts of cavin-1 deficiency, comparing myocardial and coronary phenotypes and responses to stretch and ischaemia-reperfusion in hearts from cavin-1 (+/+) and cavin-1 (-/-) mice...
May 2017: Basic Research in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332829/impact-of-peg-chain-length-on-the-physical-properties-and-bioactivity-of-pegylated-chitosan-sirna-nanoparticles-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#12
Chuanxu Yang, Shan Gao, Frederik Dagnæs-Hansen, Maria Jakobsen, Jørgen Kjems
PEGylation of cationic polyplexes is a promising approach to enhance the stability and reduce unspecific interaction with biological components. Herein, we systematically investigate the impact of PEGylation on physical and biological properties of chitosan/siRNA polyplexes. A series of chitosan-PEG copolymers (CS-PEG2k, CS-PEG5k and CS-PEG10k) were synthesized with similar PEG mass content but with different molecular weight. PEGylation with higher molecular weight and less grafting degree resulted in smaller and more compacted nanoparticles with relatively higher surface charge...
April 3, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323115/gene-transfection-efficiency-into-dendritic-cells-is-influenced-by-the-size-of-cationic-liposomes-dna-complexes
#13
Yoshikazu Inoh, Mie Nagai, Kayo Matsushita, Mamoru Nakanishi, Tadahide Furuno
Cationic liposomes have attracted recent attention as DNA vaccine carriers that can target dendritic cells (DCs). In general, cationic liposome/DNA complexes (lipoplexes) are taken up by various cells via clathrin-mediated endocytosis, caveolae-mediated endocytosis, macropinocytosis, or phagocytosis, with the mode of endocytosis determining further intracellular trafficking pathways. Moreover, the physicochemical properties of cationic lipoplexes, including lipid composition, shape, size, and charge, influence transfection efficiency, affecting uptake and subsequent intracellular pathways...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303387/caveolar-remodeling-is-a-critical-mechanotransduction-mechanism-of-the-stretch-induced-l-type-ca-2-channel-activation-in-vascular-myocytes
#14
Sang Woong Park, Kyung Chul Shin, Hyun Ji Park, Soon-Kyu Yoou, Jin-Yeon Park, Young-Sun Kang, Dong Jun Sung, Jae Gon Kim, Seung Hwa Park, BoKyung Kim, Hana Cho, Young Min Bae
Activation of L-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels (VDCCL) by membrane stretch contributes to many biological responses such as myogenic contraction of arteries. However, mechanism for the stretch-induced VDCCL activation is unclear. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that caveolar remodeling and its related signaling cascade contribute to the stretch-induced activation of VDCCL in rat mesenteric arterial smooth muscle cells. The VDCCL currents were recorded with nystatin-perforated or with conventional whole-cell patch-clamp technique...
March 16, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298615/virus-assembly-within-caveolae
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298490/aberrant-caveolin-1-mediated-smad-signaling-and-proliferation-identified-by-analysis-of-adenine-474-deletion-mutation-c-474dela-in-patient-fibroblasts-a-new-perspective-in-the-mechanism-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#16
Glenn Marsboom, Zhenlong Chen, Yang Yuan, Yanmin Zhang, Chinnaswamy Tiruppathi, James E Loyd, Eric D Austin, Roberto F Machado, Richard D Minshall, Jalees Rehman, Asrar B Malik
A heterozygous Caveolin-1 c.474delA mutation has been identified in a family with heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). This frameshift mutation leads to caveolin-1 protein that contains all known functional domains but has a change only in the final 20 amino acids of the C terminus. Here we studied how this mutation alters caveolin-1 function using patient-derived fibroblasts. Transmission electron microscopy showed that fibroblasts carrying the c.474delA mutation formed typical caveolae. Expression of mutated caveolin-1 in caveolin-1-null mouse fibroblasts failed to induce formation of caveolae due to retention of the mutated protein in the endoplasmic reticulum...
March 15, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291255/tir-bb-loop-mimetic-as-1-attenuates-cardiac-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-a-caveolae-and-caveolin-3-dependent-mechanism
#17
Yuanping Hu, Meiling Zhang, Xin Shen, Guoliang Dai, Danyang Ren, Linli Que, Tuanzhu Ha, Chuanfu Li, Yong Xu, Wenzheng Ju, Yuehua Li
AS-1, the TIR/BB loop mimetic, plays a protective role in cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) but the molecular mechanism remains unclear. The muscle specific caveolin3 (Cav-3) and the caveolae have been found to be critical for cardioprotection. This study aimed to evaluate our hypothesis that caveolae and Cav-3 are essential for AS-1-induced cardioprotection against myocardial I/R injury. To address these issues, we analyzed the involvement of Cav-3 in AS-1 mediated cardioprotection both in vivo and in vitro...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289716/muscular-dystrophy-in-ptfr-cavin-1-null-mice
#18
Shi-Ying Ding, Libin Liu, Paul F Pilch
ice and humans lacking the caveolae component polymerase I transcription release factor (PTRF, also known as cavin-1) exhibit lipo- and muscular dystrophy. Here we describe the molecular features underlying the muscle phenotype for PTRF/cavin-1 null mice. These animals had a decreased ability to exercise, and exhibited muscle hypertrophy with increased muscle fiber size and muscle mass due, in part, to constitutive activation of the Akt pathway. Their muscles were fibrotic and exhibited impaired membrane integrity accompanied by an apparent compensatory activation of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex along with elevated expression of proteins involved in muscle repair function...
March 9, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285351/cavin-3-prkcdbp-deficiency-reduces-the-density-of-caveolae-in-smooth-muscle
#19
Baoyi Zhu, Karl Swärd, Mari Ekman, Bengt Uvelius, Catarina Rippe
Cavins belong to a family of proteins that contribute to the formation of caveolae, which are membrane organelles with functional roles in muscle and fat. Here, we investigate the effect of cavin-3 ablation on vascular and urinary bladder structure and function. Arteries and urinary bladders from mice lacking cavin-3 (knockout: KO) and from controls (wild type: WT) were examined. Our studies revealed that the loss of cavin-3 resulted in ∼40% reduction of the caveolae protein cavin-1 in vascular and bladder smooth muscle...
March 11, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283950/caveolin-1-in-the-pathogenesis-of-diabetic-nephropathy-potential-therapeutic-target
#20
REVIEW
Richard Van Krieken, Joan C Krepinsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetic nephropathy, a major microvascular complication of diabetes and the most common cause of end-stage renal disease, is characterized by prominent accumulation of extracellular matrix. The membrane microdomains caveolae, and their integral protein caveolin-1, play critical roles in the regulation of signal transduction. In this review we discuss current knowledge of the contribution of caveolin-1/caveolae to profibrotic signaling and the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney disease, and assess its potential as a therapeutic target...
March 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
keyword
keyword
85359
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"