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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924052/role-of-the-endothelial-caveolae-microdomain-in-shear-stress-mediated-coronary-vasorelaxation
#1
Tong Lu, Xiao-Li Wang, Qiang Chai, Xiaojing Sun, Gary C Sieck, Zvonimir S Katusic, Hon-Chi Lee
In this study, we determined the role of caveolae and the ionic mechanisms that mediate shear stress-mediated vasodilation (SSD). We found that both TRPV4 and SK channels are targeted to caveolae in freshly isolated bovine coronary endothelial cells (BCECs) and that TRPV4 and KCa2.3 (SK3) channels are co-immunoprecipitated by anti-caveolin-1 antibodies. Acute exposure of BCECs seeded in a capillary tube to 10 dynes/cm2 of SS resulted in activation of TRPV4 and SK currents. However, after incubation with HC067047 (TRPV4 inhibitor) SK currents could no longer be activated by SS, suggesting SK channel activation by SS was mediated through TRPV4...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923854/caveolae-mediated-endocytosis-is-critical-for-albumin-cellular-uptake-and-response-to-albumin-bound-chemotherapy
#2
Moumita Chatterjee, Edgar Ben-Josef, Ryan Robb, Marall Vedaie, Star Seum, Krishnan Thirumoorthy, Kamalakannan Palanichamy, Matthew Harbrecht, Arnab Chakravarti, Terence M Williams
Nab-paclitaxel, a nanoparticle conjugate of paclitaxel to human albumin, exhibits efficacy in pancreatic cancer, non-small cell lung cancer and breast cancer. However, there is a lack of predictive biomarkers to identify patients who might benefit most from its administration. This study addresses this gap in knowledge by identifying that caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a candidate mechanism-based biomarker. Caveolae are small membrane invaginations important for trans-endothelial albumin uptake. Cav-1, the principal structural component of caveolae, is overexpressed in the cancers noted above which respond to nab-paclitaxel...
September 18, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923309/altered-penile-caveolin-expression-in-diabetes-potential-role-in-erectile-dysfunction
#3
Jay Parikh, Alice Zemljic-Harpf, Johnny Fu, Dimosthenis Giamouridis, Tung-Chin Hsieh, Adam Kassan, Karnam S Murthy, Valmik Bhargava, Hemal H Patel, M Raj Rajasekaran
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of increased severity of erectile dysfunction in men with diabetes and their poor response to oral pharmacotherapy are unclear. Defective vascular endothelium and consequent impairment in the formation and action of nitric oxide (NO) are implicated as potential mechanisms. Endothelial NO synthase, critical for NO generation, is localized to caveolae, plasma membrane lipid rafts enriched in structural proteins, and caveolins. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-induced changes in caveolin expression are recognized to play a role in cardiovascular dysfunction...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920748/investigation-of-the-transport-and-absorption-of-angelica-sinensis-polysaccharide-through-gastrointestinal-tract-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
Kaiping Wang, Fang Cheng, Xianglin Pan, Tao Zhou, Xiqiu Liu, Ziming Zheng, Li Luo, Yu Zhang
To investigate the absorption and delivery of ASP in gastrointestinal (GI) tract, cASP was successfully synthesized by chemically modifying with succinic anhydride and then conjugating with a near infrared fluorescent dye Cy5.5. Then, the capacity of oral absorption of cASP was evaluated. The results demonstrated that cASP had low toxicity and no disruption on the integrity of cell membrane. The endocytosis of cASP into the epithelial cells was time- and energy-dependent, which was mediated by macropinocytosis pathway and clathrin- and caveolae (or lipid raft)-related routes...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918742/a-new-concept-of-action-of-hemostatic-proteases-on-inflammation-neurotoxicity-and-tissue-regeneration
#5
REVIEW
L R Gorbacheva, E V Kiseleva, I G Savinkova, S M Strukova
Key hemostatic serine proteases such as thrombin and activated protein C (APC) are signaling molecules controlling blood coagulation and inflammation, tissue regeneration, neurodegeneration, and some other processes. By interacting with protease-activated receptors (PARs), these enzymes cleave a receptor exodomain and liberate new amino acid sequence known as a tethered ligand, which then activates the initial receptor and induces multiple signaling pathways and cell responses. Among four PAR family members, APC and thrombin mainly act via PAR1, and they trigger divergent effects...
July 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917946/cellular-uptake-and-intracellular-localization-of-poly-acrylic-acid-nanoparticles-in-a-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-gill-epithelial-cell-line-rtgill-w1
#6
Lindsey C Felix, Van A Ortega, Greg G Goss
The ever-growing production of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) for use in many agricultural, commercial, consumer, and industrial applications will lead to their accidental or intentional release into the environment. Potential routes of environmental exposure include manufacturing or transport spills, disposal of NP-containing products down the drain and/or in landfills, as well as direct usage on agricultural land. Therefore, NPs will inevitably contaminate aquatic environments and interact with resident organisms...
September 7, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917530/overcoming-key-biological-barriers-to-cancer-drug-delivery-and-efficacy
#7
Susy M Kim, Peggy H Faix, Jan E Schnitzer
Poor delivery efficiency continues to hamper the effectiveness of cancer therapeutics engineered to destroy solid tumors using different strategies such as nanocarriers, targeting agents, and matching treatments to specific genetic mutations. All contemporary anti-cancer agents are dependent upon passive transvascular mechanisms for their delivery into solid tumors. The therapeutic efficacies of our current drug arsenal could be significantly improved with an active delivery strategy. Here, we discuss how drug delivery and therapeutic efficacy is greatly hindered by barriers presented by the vascular endothelial cell layer and by the aberrant nature of tumor blood vessels in general...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913175/regulation-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-mitochondria-ca-2-transfer-and-its-importance-for-anti-cancer-therapies
#8
REVIEW
Gaia Pedriali, Alessandro Rimessi, Luigi Sbano, Carlotta Giorgi, Mariusz R Wieckowski, Maurizio Previati, Paolo Pinton
Inter-organelle membrane contact sites are emerging as major sites for the regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration and distribution. Here, extracellular stimuli operate on a wide array of channels, pumps, and ion exchangers to redistribute intracellular Ca(2+) among several compartments. The resulting highly defined spatial and temporal patterns of Ca(2+) movement can be used to elicit specific cellular responses, including cell proliferation, migration, or death. Plasma membrane (PM) also can directly contact mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) through caveolae, small invaginations of the PM that ensure inter-organelle contacts, and can contribute to the regulation of numerous cellular functions through scaffolding proteins such as caveolins...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912276/cavin-2-regulates-the-activity-and-stability-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-enos-in-angiogenesis
#9
Gandhi T K Boopathy, Madhura Kulkarni, Sze Yuan Ho, Adrian Boey, Edmond Wei Min Chua, Veluchamy A Barathi, Tom J Carney, Xiaomeng Wang, Wanjin Hong
Angiogenesis is a highly regulated process for formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. Angiogenesis is dysregulated in various pathologies, including age-related macular degeneration, arthritis, and cancer. Inhibiting pathological angiogenesis therefore represents a promising therapeutic strategy for treating these disorders, highlighting the need to study angiogenesis in more detail. To this end, identifying the genes essential for blood vessel formation and elucidating their function are crucial for a complete understanding of angiogenesis...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905810/design-and-application-of-cationic-amphiphilic-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-derivatives-as-gene-delivery-vectors
#10
Ning Wan, Meng-Lei Huan, Xi-Xi Ma, Zi-Wei Jing, Ya-Xuan Zhang, Chen Li, Si-Yuan Zhou, Bang-Le Zhang
The nano self-assembly profiles of amphiphilic gene delivery vectors could improve the density of local cationic head groups to promote the DNA condensation capability and enhance the interaction between cell membrane and hydrophobic tails, thus increasing the cellular uptake and gene transfection. In this paper, two series of cationic amphiphilic β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) derivatives were designed and synthesized by using 6-mono-OTs-β-CD (1) as the precursor to construct amphiphilic gene vectors with different building blocks in a selective and controlled manner...
September 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904206/a-disease-associated-frameshift-mutation-in-caveolin-1-disrupts-caveolae-formation-and-function-through-introduction-of-a-de-novo-er-retention-signal
#11
Courtney A Copeland, Bing Han, Ajit Tiwari, Eric D Austin, James E Loyd, James D West, Anne K Kenworthy
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is an essential component of caveolae and is implicated in numerous physiological processes. Recent studies have identified heterozygous mutations in the CAV1 gene in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but the mechanisms by which these mutations impact caveolae assembly and contribute to disease remain unclear. To address this question, we examined the consequences of a familial PAH-associated frameshift mutation in CAV1, P158PfsX22, on caveolae assembly and function. We show that C-terminus of the CAV1 P158 protein contains a functional ER-retention signal that inhibits ER exit and caveolae formation and accelerates CAV1 turnover in Cav1(-/-) MEFs...
September 13, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903310/characterization-of-physiochemical-properties-of-caveolin-1-from-normal-and-prion-infected-human-brains
#12
Xiangzhu Xiao, Pingping Shen, Zerui Wang, Johnny Dang, Alise Adornato, Lewis S Zou, Zhiqian Dong, Jue Yuan, Jiachun Feng, Li Cui, Wen-Quan Zou
Caveolin-1 is a major component protein of the caveolae-a type of flask shaped, 50-100 nm, nonclathrin-coated, microdomain present in the plasma membrane of most mammalian cells. Caveolin-1 functions as a scaffolding protein to organize and concentrate signaling molecules within the caveolae, which may be associated with its unique physicochemical properties including oligomerization, acquisition of detergent insolubility, and association with cholesterol. Here we demonstrate that caveolin-1 is detected in all brain areas examined and recovered in both detergent-soluble and -insoluble fractions...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900213/copine-7-binds-to-the-cell-surface-receptor-nucleolin-and-regulates-ciliogenesis-and-dspp-expression-during-odontoblast-differentiation
#13
You-Mi Seo, Su-Jin Park, Hye-Kyung Lee, Joo-Cheol Park
Tooth development is a progressive process regulated by interactions between epithelial and mesenchymal tissues. Our previous studies showed that copine-7 (Cpne7), a dental epithelium-derived protein, is a signalling molecule that is secreted by preameloblasts and regulates the differentiation of preodontoblasts into odontoblasts. However, the mechanisms involved in the translocation of Cpne7 from preameloblasts to preodontoblasts and the functions of Cpne7 during odontogenesis are poorly understood. Here, we showed that the internalization of Cpne7 was mediated primarily by caveolae...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899682/caveolin-1-controls-hyperresponsiveness-to-mechanical-stimuli-and-fibrogenesis-associated-runx2-activation-in-keloid-fibroblasts
#14
Chao-Kai Hsu, Hsi-Hui Lin, Hans I-Chen Harn, Rei Ogawa, Yang-Kao Wang, Yen-Ting Ho, Wan-Rung Chen, Yi-Chao Lee, Julia Yu-Yun Lee, Shyh-Jou Shieh, Chao-Min Cheng, John A McGrath, Ming-Jer Tang
Keloids are pathological scars characterized by excessive extracellular matrix production that are prone to form in body sites with increased skin tension. Caveolin-1 (CAV1), the principal coat protein of caveolae, has been associated with the regulation of cell mechanics, including cell softening and loss of stiffness sensing ability in NIH3T3 fibroblasts. Although CAV1 is present in low amounts in keloid fibroblasts (KFs), the causal association between CAV1 downregulation and its aberrant responses to mechanical stimuli remain unclear...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898996/the-expression-of-the-rare-caveolin-3-variant-t78m-alters-cardiac-ion-channels-function-and-membrane-excitability
#15
Giulia Campostrini, Mattia Bonzanni, Alessio Lissoni, Claudia Bazzini, Raffaella Milanesi, Elena Vezzoli, Maura Francolini, Mirko Baruscotti, Annalisa Bucchi, Ilaria Rivolta, Matteo Fantini, Stefano Severi, Riccardo Cappato, Lia Crotti, Peter J Schwartz, Dario DiFrancesco, Andrea Barbuti
Aims: Caveolinopathies are a family of genetic disorders arising from alterations of the caveolin-3 (cav-3) gene. The T78M cav-3 variant has been associated with both skeletal and cardiac muscle pathologies but its functional contribution, especially to cardiac diseases, is still controversial. Here, we evaluated the effect of the T78M cav-3 variant on cardiac ion channel function and membrane excitability. Methods and results: We transfected either the wild type (WT) or T78M cav-3 in caveolin-1 knock-out mouse embryonic fibroblasts and found by immunofluorescence and electron microscopy that both are expressed at the plasma membrane and form caveolae...
August 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892400/poly-vinyl-methyl-ether-maleic-anhydride-doped-peg-pla-nanoparticles-for-oral-paclitaxel-delivery-to-improve-bioadhesive-efficiency
#16
Qian Wang, Chan Li, Tianyang Ren, Shizhu Chen, Xiaoxia Ye, Hongbo Guo, Haibing He, Yu Zhang, Tian Yin, Xing-Jie Liang, Xing Tang
Bioadhesive nanoparticles based on PVMMA (poly (vinyl methyl ether/maleic anhydride)) and mPEG-b-PLA (Poly (ethylene glycol) methyl ether - b - poly (D, L - lactic acid)) were produced by the emulsification solvent evaporation method. Paclitaxel was utilized as the model drug, with an encapsulation efficiency of up to 90.2 ± 4.0%. The nanoparticles were uniform and spherical in shape, and exhibited a sustained drug release compared with Taxol®. M-NPs also exhibited favorable bioadhesive efficiency at the same time...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877488/caveolae-in-rabbit-ventricular-myocytes-distribution-and-dynamic-diminution-after-cell%C3%A2-isolation
#17
Rebecca A B Burton, Eva A Rog-Zielinska, Alexander D Corbett, Rémi Peyronnet, Ilona Bodi, Martin Fink, Judith Sheldon, Andreas Hoenger, Sarah C Calaghan, Gil Bub, Peter Kohl
Caveolae are signal transduction centers, yet their subcellular distribution and preservation in cardiac myocytes after cell isolation are not well documented. Here, we quantify caveolae located within 100 nm of the outer cell surface membrane in rabbit single-ventricular cardiomyocytes over 8 h post-isolation and relate this to the presence of caveolae in intact tissue. Hearts from New Zealand white rabbits were either chemically fixed by coronary perfusion or enzymatically digested to isolate ventricular myocytes, which were subsequently fixed at 0, 3, and 8 h post-isolation...
September 5, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874464/mas1-receptor-trafficking-involves-erk1-2-activation-through-a-%C3%AE-arrestin2-dependent-pathway
#18
Flavia M Cerniello, Oscar A Carretero, Nadia A Longo Carbajosa, Bruno D Cerrato, Robson A Santos, Hernán E Grecco, Mariela M Gironacci
The MAS1 receptor (R) exerts protective effects in the brain, heart, vessels, and kidney. R trafficking plays a critical function in signal termination and propagation and in R resensitization. We examined MAS1R internalization and trafficking on agonist stimulation and the role of β-arrestin2 in the activation of ERK1/2 (extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2) and Akt after MAS1R stimulation. Human embryonic kidney 293T cells were transfected with the coding sequence for MAS1R-YFP (MAS1R fused to yellow fluorescent protein)...
September 5, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865960/cavin-2-is-a-specific-marker-for-detection-of-well-differentiated-liposarcoma
#19
Silvia Codenotti, Marika Vezzoli, Pietro Luigi Poliani, Manuela Cominelli, Eugenio Monti, Alessandro Fanzani
Caveolae are cholesterol enriched invaginations of the plasma membrane involved in a variety of processes, including glucose and fatty acids absorption, cell transduction and mechanoprotection. The biogenesis and function of caveolae depend on the activity of Caveolin (Cav-1, -2 and -3) and Cavin (Cavin-1, -2, -3 and -4) protein families. Since the membrane Cavin-2 protein was reported to play a key role in caveolae formation of adipocytes, in this work we have used a multidisciplinary approach to investigate its expression in liposarcoma (LPS), an adipocytic soft tissue sarcoma affecting adults...
September 1, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863814/multiple-mechanisms-of-regulation-of-transient-receptor-potential-ion-channels-by-cholesterol
#20
Sara L Morales-Lázaro, Tamara Rosenbaum
The transient receptor potential (TRP) family of ion channels is constituted by several nonselective cation channels that are activated by diverse stimuli and that function as polymodal receptors. TRP ion channels are expressed in neural and nonneural tissues where they play important roles in cell physiology. The activation of these ion channels is achieved through changes in temperature, osmolarity, voltage, pH, pressure, and by some natural or synthetic chemical compounds that directly bind to these proteins to regulate their activity...
2017: Current Topics in Membranes
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