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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134553/biological-characterization-of-a-novel-hybrid-copolymer-carrier-system-based-on-glycogen
#1
Markéta Jirátová, Aneta Pospíšilová, Maria Rabyk, Martin Pařízek, Jan Kovář, Andrea Gálisová, Martin Hrubý, Daniel Jirák
The effective drug delivery systems for cancer treatment are currently on high demand. In this paper, biological behavior of the novel hybrid copolymers based on polysaccharide glycogen were characterized. The copolymers were modified by fluorescent dyes for flow cytometry, confocal microscopy, and in vivo fluorescence imaging. Moreover, the effect of oxazoline grafts on degradation rate was examined. Intracellular localization, cytotoxicity, and internalization route of the modified copolymers were examined on HepG2 cell line...
November 13, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132216/curcumin-decreases-hyperphosphorylation-of-tau-by-down-regulating-caveolin-1-gsk-3%C3%AE-in-n2a-app695swe-cells-and-app-ps1-double-transgenic-alzheimer-s-disease-mice
#2
Jieyun Sun, Xiong Zhang, Chen Wang, Zhipeng Teng, Yu Li
Caveolin-1, the marker protein of membranal caveolae, is not only involved in cholesterol regulation, but also participates in the cleavage of amyloid [Formula: see text]-protein precursor (APP) and the generation of [Formula: see text]-amyloid peptide. It has been reported to be tightly related with Tau. In our previous studies, curcumin has been confirmed to play a neuroprotective role in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but its effects on Caveolin-1, Tau and their correlation, and the mechanism is still unknown...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128397/identification-and-characterization-of-molluscan-caveolin-1-ortholog-from-haliotis-discus-discus-possible-involvement-in-embryogenesis-and-host-defense-mechanism-against-pathogenic-stress
#3
H M V Udayantha, S D N K Bathige, Thanthrige Thiunuwan Priyathilaka, Sukkyoung Lee, Myoung-Jin Kim, Jehee Lee
Caveolins are principal membrane proteins of caveolae that play a central role in signal transduction, substrate transport, and membrane trafficking in various cell types. Numerous studies have reported the crucial role of caveolin-1 (CAV1) in response to invading microbes; yet, very little is known about molluscan CAV1. In this study, we identified and characterized CAV1 ortholog from the disk abalone, Haliotis discus discus (HdCAV1). The cDNA sequence of HdCAV1 is 826 bp long and encodes a 127-amino acid polypeptide...
November 8, 2017: Gene Expression Patterns: GEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122983/restricted-cell-functions-on-micropillars-are-alleviated-by-surface-nanocoating-with-amino-groups
#4
Caroline Moerke, Susanne Staehlke, Henrike Rebl, Birgit Finke, J Barbara Nebe
The topographical and chemical surface features of biomaterials are sensed by the cells, affecting their physiology at the interface. On titanium we recently discovered an attempted caveolae-mediated phagocytosis of the sharp-edged microstructures by osteoblasts. This active, energy-consuming process resulted in decreased osteoblastic cell functions, e.g. extracellular matrix proteins. However, chemical modification with plasma polymerized allylamine (PPAAm) was able to amplify osteoblast adhesion and spreading, resulting in better implant osseointegration in vivo In the present in vitro study we analyzed whether this plasma polymer nanocoating is able to attenuate the microtopography-induced changes of osteoblast physiology...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121767/from-pulmonary-surfactant-synthetic-kl4-peptide-as-effective-sirna-delivery-vector-for-pulmonary-delivery
#5
Yingshan Qiu, Michael Y T Chow, Wanling Liang, Wing Yan Chung, Judith Mak, Jenny K W Lam
Pulmonary delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) has huge potential for the treatment of a wide range of respiratory diseases. The ability of naked siRNA to transfect cells in the lungs without a delivery vector has prompted the investigation of whether an endogenous component is at least partially responsible for the cellular uptake of siRNA, and whether a safe and efficient delivery system could be developed from this component to further improve the transfection efficiency. Surfactant protein B (SP-B), a positively charged protein molecule found in lung surfactant, is one of the possible candidates...
November 9, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119997/dimeric-camptothecin-loaded-rgd-modified-targeted-cationic-polypeptide-based-micelles-with-high-drug-loading-capacity-and-redox-responsive-drug-release-capability
#6
Zhaopei Guo, Xingzhi Zhou, Mengze Xu, Huayu Tian, Xuesi Chen, Meiwan Chen
Camptothecin (CPT) is a broad spectrum anticancer drug, but its application is limited due to the poor water solubility, lactone ring instability, and low drug loading potential. In this study, biocompatible cationic polypeptide-based micelles were developed to deliver dimeric CPT (DCPT) with the aim of overcoming the above-mentioned obstacles and achieving favorable therapeutic effects. Cationic polypeptide poly-lysine-block-poly-leucine (PLys-b-PLeu) was fabricated via the ring-opening polymerization of N-ε-carbobenzoxy-l-lysine (ε-Lys(Z)) and l-leucine (Leu) and further grafted with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and an arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide...
November 9, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113797/caveolin-1-a-binding-protein-of-cd26-is-essential-for-the-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-on-human-and-mouse-macrophages
#7
Munenori Hiromura, Kyoko Nohtomi, Yusaku Mori, Hideo Kataoka, Marika Sugano, Kei Ohnuma, Hirotaka Kuwata, Tsutomu Hirano
We previously reported that inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4, the catalytic site of CD26, prevents atherosclerosis in animal models through suppression of inflammation; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), a major structural protein of caveolae located on the surface of the cellular membrane, has been reported to modulate inflammatory responses by binding to CD26 in T cells. In this study, we investigated the role of Cav-1 in the suppression of inflammation mediated by the DPP-4 inhibitor, teneligliptin, using mouse and human macrophages...
November 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113580/prominin-2-prevents-the-formation-of-caveolae-in-normal-and-ovarian-hyperstimulated-pregnancy
#8
Samson N Dowland, Romanthi J Madawala, Connie E Poon, Laura A Lindsay, Christopher R Murphy
During early pregnancy, uterine epithelial cells (UECs) become less adherent to the underlying basal lamina and are subsequently removed so the blastocyst can invade the underlying stroma. This process involves the removal of focal adhesions from the basal plasma membrane of UECs. These focal adhesions are thought to be internalized by caveolae, which significantly increase in abundance at the time of blastocyst implantation. A recent in vitro study indicated that prominin-2 prevents the formation of caveolae by sequestering membrane cholesterol...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102889/identification-of-the-caveolae-raft-mediated-endocytosis-as-the-primary-entry-pathway-for-aquareovirus
#9
Fuxian Zhang, Hong Guo, Jie Zhang, Qingxiu Chen, Qin Fang
Grass carp reovirus (GCRV), a member of the Aquareovirus genus in the Reoviridae family, is considered the most pathogenic aquareovirus. However, its productive viral entry pathways remain largely unclear. Using a combination of quantum dot (QD)-based live-virus tracking and biochemical assays, we found that extraction of cellular membrane cholesterol with methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD) and nystatin strongly inhibited the internalization of GCRVs, and supplementation with cholesterol restored viral infection...
November 2, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101882/size-dependent-effect-of-cystine-citric-acid-capped-confeito-like-gold-nanoparticles-on-cellular-uptake-and-photothermal-cancer-therapy
#10
Wen Shang Saw, Masaki Ujihara, Wu Yi Chong, Siew Hui Voon, Toyoko Imae, Lik Voon Kiew, Hong Boon Lee, Kae Shin Sim, Lip Yong Chung
Physiochemical changes, including size, are known to affect gold nanoparticle cellular internalization and treatment efficacy. Here, we report the effect of four sizes of cystine/citric acid-coated confeito-like gold nanoparticles (confeito-AuNPs) (30, 60, 80 and 100nm) on cellular uptake, intracellular localization and photothermal anticancer treatment efficiency in MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells. Cellular uptake is size dependent with the smallest size of confeito-AuNPs (30nm) having the highest cellular internalization via clathrin- and caveolae-mediated endocytosis...
October 26, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100301/inhibitory-effect-of-caveolin-1-in-vascular-endothelial-cells-pericytes-and-smooth-muscle-cells
#11
Hongping Xu, Liwei Zhang, Wei Chen, Jiazhou Xu, Ruting Zhang, Ran Liu, Lan Zhou, Wenjie Hu, Rong Ju, Chunsik Lee, Weisi Lu, Anil Kumar, Xuri Li, Zhongshu Tang
Caveolin-1 (Cav1) is the principle structural protein of caveolae. It plays important roles in the vascular system under both physiological and pathological conditions. Although Cav1 has been shown to inhibit microvascular permeability and has been considered as a tumor-suppressor for years, the underlying cellular mechanism has yet to be discovered. Here, we systematically investigated Cav1 functions in the main types of vascular cells, including endothelial cells (ECs), pericytes (PCs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs)...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099748/recent-advances-in-comprehending-the-signaling-pathways-involved-in-the-progression-of-breast-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Andrea Nicolini, Paola Ferrari, Lucrezia Diodati, Angelo Carpi
This review describes recent advances in the comprehension of signaling pathways involved in breast cancer progression. Calcium sensing receptor (CaSR), caveolae signaling, signaling referred to hypoxia-inducing factors and disturbances in the apoptotic machinery are related to more general biological mechanisms and are considered first. The others refer to signaling pathways of more specific biological mechanisms, namely the heparin/heparin-sulfate interactome, over-expression of miRNA-378a-5p, restriction of luminal and basal epithelial cells, fatty-acid synthesis, molecular pathways related to epithelial to mesenchimal transition (EMT), HER-2/neu gene amplification and protein expression, and the expression of other members of the epithelial growth factor receptor family...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089565/quantitative-proteomic-analysis-reveals-up-regulation-of-caveolin-1-in-foxp3-overexpressed-human-gastric-cancer-cells
#13
Duyi Pan, Jing Gao, Xiaoqing Zeng, Guifen Ma, Na Li, Xiaoquan Huang, Xuanling Du, Qing Miao, Jingjing Lian, Lili Xu, Hu Zhou, Shiyao Chen
Forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3) is implicated in tumor progression and prognosis in various types of tumor cells. We have recently reported that FOXP3 inhibited proliferation of gastric cancer (GC) cells through activating the apoptotic signaling pathway. In this study, we found that over-expression of FOXP3 inhibited GC cell migration, invasion and proliferation. Then, the label-free quantitative proteomic approach was employed to further investigating the down-stream proteins regulated by FOXP3, resulting in a total of 3,978 proteins quantified, including 186 significantly changed proteins...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081057/uptake-mechanism-of-cell-penetrating-peptides
#14
Maxime Gestin, Moataz Dowaidar, Ülo Langel
Cell-penetrating peptides have been extensively used since their discovery for delivering cargoes unable to cross the cell membrane. Among other transported cargoes, they have shown very efficient delivery for oligonucleotides making cell-penetrating peptides a powerful tool for gene therapy. Numerous cell-penetrating peptides have now been discovered offering a wide library of structures and mechanisms of actions. Nevertheless, if it is known that different pathways are available for particles to be taken up, most mechanisms by which these particles enter cells are still to be characterized more precisely...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075112/effect-of-inhibitors-of-endocytosis-and-nf-kb-signal-pathway-on-folate-conjugated-nanoparticle-endocytosis-by-rat-kupffer-cells
#15
Hongbo Tang, Hongli Chen, Yajing Jia, Xiaoyan Liu, Zhaohong Han, Aihua Wang, Qi Liu, Xinlei Li, Xin Feng
The regular accumulation of nanoparticles in the liver makes them hepatotoxic and decreases the circulation time, thus reducing their therapeutic effect. Resolving this problem will be significant in improving bioavailability and reducing side effects. In this study, we reduced the phagocytosis of epirubicin (EPI)-loaded folic acid-conjugated pullulan acetate (FPA/EPI) nanoparticles by Kupffer cells (KCs) through internalization and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) signal pathway inhibitors, thus allowing development of FPA/EPI nanoparticles as a nanodrug delivery system (NDDS) based on our previous study...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072633/endocytosis-of-corn-oil-caseinate-emulsions-in-vitro-impacts-of-droplet-sizes
#16
Yuting Fan, Yuzhu Zhang, Wally Yokoyama, Jiang Yi
The relative uptake and mechanisms of lipid-based emulsions of three different particle diameters by Caco-2 cells were studied. The corn oil-sodium caseinate emulsions showed little or no cytotoxicity even at 2 mg/mL protein concentration for any of the three droplet size emulsions. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) of Nile red containing emulsions showed that the lipid-based emulsions were absorbed by Caco-2 cells. A negative correlation between the mean droplet size and cellular uptake was observed...
October 26, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069646/the-intracranial-aneurysm-gene-thsd1-connects-endosome-dynamics-to-nascent-focal-adhesion-assembly
#17
Yan-Ning Rui, Zhen Xu, Xiaoqian Fang, Miriam R Menezes, Julien Balzeau, Airu Niu, John P Hagan, Dong H Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We recently discovered that harmful variants in THSD1 (Thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing protein 1) likely cause intracranial aneurysm and subarachnoid hemorrhage in a subset of both familial and sporadic patients with supporting evidence from two vertebrate models. The current study seeks to elucidate how THSD1 and patient-identified variants function molecularly in focal adhesions. METHODS: Co-immunostaining and co-immunoprecipitation were performed to define THSD1 subcellular localization and interacting partners...
October 25, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067660/exon-skipping-therapy-using-phosphorodiamidate-morpholino-oligomers-in-the-mdx52-mouse-model-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#18
Shouta Miyatake, Yoshitaka Mizobe, Hotake Takizawa, Yuko Hara, Toshifumi Yokota, Shin'ichi Takeda, Yoshitsugu Aoki
Exon skipping therapy using synthetic DNA-like molecules called antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) is a promising therapeutic candidate for overcoming the dystrophin mutation that causes Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). This treatment involves splicing out the frame-disrupting segment of the dystrophin mRNA, which restores the reading frame and produces a truncated yet functional dystrophin protein. Phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer (PMO) is the safest ASO for patients among ASOs and has recently been approved under the accelerated approval pathway by the U...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067114/expression-and-significance-of-caveolin-1-in-hepatitis-b-virus-associated-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Hao Cheng, Yiming Pan, Yongzhong Yao, Zhanghua Zhu, Jun Chen, Xitai Sun, Yudong Qiu, Yitao Ding
Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a major component of caveolae and has been recently identified as a tumor suppressor. As little is known about Cav-1 in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the aim of the present study was to investigate the expression and significance of Cav-1 in HBV-associated HCC. Semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed to detect the mRNA expression level of Cav-1 in 40 cases of HBV-associated HCC, the corresponding 11 non-tumor cases of HBV-associated chronic hepatitis, 29 non-tumor cases of HBV-associated cirrhosis and 6 cases of normal liver tissues...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065889/injury-induced-expression-of-caveolar-proteins-in-human-kidney-tubules-role-of-megakaryoblastic-leukemia-1
#20
Krzysztof M Krawczyk, Jennifer Hansson, Helén Nilsson, Katarzyna K Krawczyk, Karl Swärd, Martin E Johansson
BACKGROUND: Caveolae are membrane invaginations measuring 50-100 nm. These organelles, composed of caveolin and cavin proteins, are important for cellular signaling and survival. Caveolae play incompletely defined roles in human kidneys. Induction of caveolin-1/CAV1 in diseased tubules has been described previously, but the responsible mechanism remains to be defined. METHODS: Healthy and atrophying human kidneys were stained for caveolar proteins, (caveolin 1-3 and cavin 1-4) and examined by electron microscopy...
October 24, 2017: BMC Nephrology
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