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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203322/congenital-ichthyosis-a-case-treated-successfully-with-acitretin
#1
Selvi Gulasi
INTRODUCTION: Lamellar ichthyosis (collodion baby) is a cornification disorder classified under the category of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis and characterized by hyperkeratosis. Early-stage retinoid treatment has been shown to improve survival in these patients. In this article, a lamellar ichthyosis case is presented of an infant who had the symptoms at birth and was treated successfully with acitretin. CASE PRESENTATION: A term newborn infant presented after delivery...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096316/bay-11-7082-inhibits-the-nf-kb-and-nlrp3-inflammasome-pathways-and-protects-against-imq-induced-psoriasis
#2
Natasha Irrera, Mario Vaccaro, Alessandra Bitto, Giovanni Pallio, Gabriele Pizzino, Maria Lentini, Vincenzo Arcoraci, Letteria Minutoli, Michele Scuruchi, Giuseppina Cutroneo, Giuseppe Pio Anastasi, Roberta Ettari, Francesco Squadrito, Domenica Altavilla
BAY 11-7082 antagonizes I-κB kinase-β preventing nuclear translocation of NF-κB; it also inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome activation.NF-κB is involved in psoriasis, while the role of NLRP3 is controversial. We investigated BAY 11-7082 effects in an experimental model of psoriasis-like dermatitis. Psoriasis-like lesions were induced by a topical application of imiquimod cream (IMQ; 62.5 mg/day) on the shaved back skin of C57BL/6 and NLRP3 knock-out mice for 7 consecutive days. Sham psoriasis animals were challenged with vaseline cream...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078772/skin-cleansing-and-emolliating-for-older-people-a-quasi-experimental-pilot-study
#3
Jill Brooks, Fiona Cowdell, Steven J Ersser, Eric D Gardiner
AIMS: The aims of this study were to (i) assess the effect of low-cost hygiene and emollient regimens on the skin barrier function (SBF) of people aged >65 year with xerosis (dry skin) on their lower legs; (ii) to assess the utility of portable measures of skin barrier function in terms of stratum corneum hydration (SCH) and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) in community settings; and iii) to provide evidence for a randomised controlled trial on the treatment of adults in a resource-poor country with dry skin on their lower legs which causes and exacerbates the skin disease podoconiosis (non-filarial elephantiasis)...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069324/differences-in-therapeutic-effects-of-topically-applied-corticosteroid-and-tacrolimus-on-atopic-dermatitis-like-symptoms-in-nc-nga-mice
#4
Atsushi Noguchi, Mitsutoshi Tominaga, Nobuaki Takahashi, Hironori Matsuda, Yayoi Kamata, Yoshie Umehara, Kyi Chan Ko, Yasushi Suga, Hideoki Ogawa, Kenji Takamori
BACKGROUND: Topical corticosteroid and calcineurin inhibitor have similar therapeutic benefits in atopic dermatitis (AD), but the differences in therapeutic mechanisms of action of these agents against AD symptoms are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to examine the different effects of topical betamethasone valerate (BMV), clobetasol propionate (CBP), and tacrolimus (TAC) on itch-related behavior and dermatitis in NC/Nga mice with AD-like symptoms...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040363/wound-healing-promoting-effect-of-total-tannins-from-entada-phaseoloides-l-merr-in-rats
#5
Xiaowen Su, Xinguang Liu, Shouyu Wang, Bin Li, Taowen Pan, Dingrui Liu, Fei Wang, Yunpeng Diao, Kun Li
The healing of wounds has always provided challenges for the medical community whether chronic or acute. Modern and traditional medicine has proved that herbal medicine shown superiority over chemical drugs. Herein, we report an Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr. extract with a total tannin content of 76.18% showed wound-healing promoting effect in rat model. We found significantly accelerated wound closure already on day 7 in animals treated with total Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr. tannins (TEPT) as compared to vaseline treated controls (p<0...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006800/a-simple-and-quick-method-of-displaying-liquid-preserved-morphological-structures-for-microphotography
#6
You Ning Su
Stabilising microstructures and small organisms for microphotography can be frustrating. If it is desired to take photographs in water from structures just cleared in potassium hydroxide, some sort of stabilisation is necessary otherwise the structures drift. Similarly, specimens taken from glycerol or alcohol, or those placed in alcohol, drift even more as the alcohol evaporates. Bits of crushed coverslip, glass beads, micro pins and dobs of Vaseline® have all been used to help keep the structures in place...
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894387/-effect-of-hydrocinnamoyl-l-valyl-pyrrolidine-on-healing-quality-of-deep-partial-thickness-scald-wound-in-mice
#7
M L Yang, Y H Li, Q Tan, J T Li, L L Que
Objective: To observe the effect of Toll interleukin-1 recptor homology/BB-loop mimetic hydrocinnamoyl-L-valyl pyrrolidine (AS-1) on the healing quality of deep partial-thickness scald wound in mice. Methods: Forty-two adult C57BL/6 mice were divided into sham injury group (SI), scald group (S), early AS-1 treatment group (EAT), early dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) control group (EDC), late AS-1 treatment group (LAT), late DMSO control group (LDC) according to the random number table, with 7 mice in each group. Mice in group SI were sham injured without other treatment...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876906/topical-terbinafine-in-the-treatment-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-triple-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Saeedeh Farajzadeh, Amireh Heshmatkhah, Behrooz Vares, Elham Mohebbi, Azadeh Mohebbi, Mahin Aflatoonian, Sana Eybpoosh, Iraj Sharifi, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian, Simin Shamsi Meymandi, Ali Reza Fekri, Mahshid Mostafavi
Leishmaniasis is a spectrum of disease condition with considerable health impacts, caused by different species of Leishmania. This disease is currently endemic in 98 countries and territories in the world. There are many treatment modalities for cutaneous leishmaniasis. The use of topical terbinafine in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis has recently been considered. Eighty-eight participants more than two years old with proven acute CL by a positive direct smear were randomly allocated to one of the two study arms: first group received meglumine antimoniate (Glucantime) 20 mg/kg/day intramuscular injection (IM) plus a placebo ointment (Mahan Vaseline) for 20 days...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869649/randomized-trial-of-calcipotriol-combined-with-5-fluorouracil-for-skin-cancer-precursor-immunotherapy
#9
Trevor J Cunningham, Mary Tabacchi, Jean-Pierre Eliane, Sara Moradi Tuchayi, Sindhu Manivasagam, Hengameh Mirzaalian, Ahu Turkoz, Raphael Kopan, Andras Schaffer, Arturo P Saavedra, Michael Wallendorf, Lynn A Cornelius, Shadmehr Demehri
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratosis is a precursor to cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Long treatment durations and severe side effects have limited the efficacy of current actinic keratosis treatments. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is an epithelium-derived cytokine that induces a robust antitumor immunity in barrier-defective skin. Here, we investigated the efficacy of calcipotriol, a topical TSLP inducer, in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) as an immunotherapy for actinic keratosis...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817210/evaluation-of-a-new-topical-skin-protectant-rd1433-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-incontinence-associated-dermatitis
#10
Hazem Matar, Joanne Larner, Vanessa Viegas, Sneha Kansagra, Karen L Atkinson, Satyajit Shetage, John T Skamarauskas, Baveetharan Theivendran, Virginia S Goldman, Robert P Chilcott
CONTEXT: Incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) is a type of moisture-associated dermatitis caused by repeated skin exposure to urine or stool. A product that could mitigate such symptoms would have a significant impact on cost of care and patients' quality of life. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the clinical efficacy of RD1433 and a comparator product (Vaseline®) in preventing and treating experimental IAD skin lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the "prevention" part of the study, skin sites in eight human volunteers were treated daily for five days with either RD1433 or Vaseline® immediately prior to synthetic urine exposure...
November 6, 2016: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795221/-acute-generalized-exanthematous-pustulosis-induced-by-piroxicam
#11
Ingrid Bissinger, Gustavo Matute-Turizo, María Natalia Mejía-Barreneche
BACKGROUND: Between 62 and 90% of cases of acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis are caused by drugs. Its onset is rapid with generalized pustules, fever, and blood neutrophil count over 7000; pustules resolve spontaneously in less than 15 days. A case associated with piroxicam described. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old with initial erythema of the thorax and abdomen, accompanied by burning, without fever, which later spread to his forearms, upper arms, and thighs, with face edema...
October 2016: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781111/comparison-of-hydrogel-produced-by-radiation-as-applied-at-the-research-center-yazd-branch-with-maxgel-and-routine-dressing-for-second-degree-burn-repair-in-yazd-burn-hospital
#12
Mohammad Taghi Noorbala, Mohammad Noorbala, Mohammad Hossein Dashti-Rahmatabadi, Mahdi Noorbala, Roghaye Noorbala, Behare Mozaffary
BACKGROUND: Recently, the radiation application research center for the atomic energy organization of Yazd (Iran) has developed a hydrogel dressing which was evaluated for quality and safety in 2008. Its efficacy for assisting in the wound healing process was approved for animal use, and its use has proven to be more effective than a related Syrian material. OBJECTIVES: We have already confirmed the safety and efficacy of Irgel use on mice (1, 2), so this study was conducted in order to further evaluate its effectiveness on human burn wounds, and to compare its efficacy with MaxGel, another hydrogel...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716154/effect-of-the-herbal-mixture-composed-of-aloe-vera-henna-adiantum-capillus-veneris-and-myrrha-on-wound-healing-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#13
Hamid Galehdari, Samira Negahdari, Mahnaz Kesmati, Anahita Rezaie, Gholamreza Shariati
BACKGROUND: Wound healing is often impaired in diabetic animals and humans. Matrix metalloproteases act as pro-inflammatory agents in physiological wound healing pathways by stimulating cytokines including the interleukins, IL6, IL1A and IL1B, and the tumor necrosis factor and transforming growth factor beta1. Botanicals are traditionally used to assist healing of different types of wounds, because they produce fewer side effects. Our specific aim here was to develop a plant-based recipe supporting effective wound healing in diabetic animals...
October 6, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706396/wound-healing-potential-of-sebastiania-hispida-mart-pax-euphorbiaceae-ointment-compared-to-low-power-laser-in-rats
#14
E S Rizzi, D M Dourado, R Matias, J A I Muller, J F Guilhermino, A T G Guerrero, D L Moreira, B A K Silva, M Barbosa-Ferreira
Impaired wound healing represents a serious complication in some pathologies and the use of plant extracts has proved to improve tissue repair. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the healing potential of the ointment of Sebastiana hispida compared with Aluminum-Gallium Indium-Phosphide Laser (InGaAlP) in surgically induced wounds in rats and to perform the phytochemical analysis. The phytochemical analysis was performed in the classic way and also by HPLC. A controlled study was developed with 80 rats (200-250 g) in which a linear excision was performed in the dorsal region after shaving, measuring 2 cm × 1 cm (epidermis and dermis) exposing the muscle fascia...
October 3, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643542/topical-sirolimus-for-the-treatment-of-angiofibromas-in-tuberous-sclerosis
#15
Salih Levent Cinar, Demet Kartal, Ayşe Kacar Bayram, Mehmet Canpolat, Murat Borlu, Ayten Ferahbas, Hüseyin Per
BACKGROUND: The skin is one of the most affected organs in tuberous sclerosis complex and angiofibromas are seen in almost 80% of such patients. These benign tumors impose a great psycho-social burden on patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of topical sirolimus for facial angiofibromas in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-blinded, cross-over study which involved twelve patients...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633311/study-on-effect-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-jianpi-chushi-decoction-and-ointment-on-chronic-eczema
#16
Hui-Lei Wan, Hui-Zhi Chen, Xiu-Qin Shi
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine Jianpi Chushi decoction and ointment on chronic eczema. METHODS: DNCB acetone solution was used to sensitize the skin of back and ears of 36 rats in order to establish chronic eczema model. A total of 36 rats were divided into four groups of 9 randomly including oral medicine group, external inunctum group, combination therapy group, and model control group respectively. Besides, the blank group of 4 healthy rats were set...
September 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597396/cordylobia-rodhaini-infestation-of-the-breast-report-of-a-case-mimicking-a-breast-abscess
#17
Veronica Grassi, James William Butterworth, Layloma Latiffi
INTRODUCTION: Myiasis, parasitic infestation of the body by fly larvae, caused by the Cordylobia rodhaini is very rare with only fourteen cases published since 1970. We present a rare case of myiasis mimicking a breast abscess. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 17-year-old female presented with a nodular ulcerative lesion in her left breast 14days following a trip to Ghana. She had been initially unsuccessfully treated with the antibiotic flucloxacillin following a misdiagnosis of a breast abscess...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596247/an-improved-approach-for-measuring-immersion-freezing-in-large-droplets-over-a-wide-temperature-range
#18
Yutaka Tobo
Immersion freezing (ice nucleation by particles immersed in supercooled water) is a key process for forming ice in mixed-phase clouds. Immersion freezing experiments with particles in microliter-sized (millimeter-sized) water droplets are often applied to detecting very small numbers of ice nucleating particles (INPs). However, the application of such large droplets remains confined to the detection of INPs active at temperatures much higher than the homogeneous freezing limit, because of artifacts related to freezing of water droplets without added INPs at temperatures of -25 °C or higher on a supporting substrate...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486958/a-procedure-for-sensory-detection-of-androstenone-in-meat-and-meat-products-from-entire-male-pigs-development-of-a-panel-training
#19
M Dolores Garrido, Macarena Egea, M Belén Linares, Beatriz Martínez, Ceferina Viera, Begoña Rubio, Francesc Borrisser-Pairó
This study represents a proposal for training sensory panels in androstenone (AND) perception in meat and meat products. The procedure consists of four main parts: (1) selection and training of a sensory panel (11 panelists) using standards with Vaseline oil media as carriers of AND and skatole (SKA); (2) developing a training method AND detection in meat; (3) dry cured meat product and (4) cooked meat product. All candidates were able to distinguish between AND, SKA and AND+SKA in Vaseline oil, order AND solutions with different concentrations and classify them in the three categories: low, medium and high...
December 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441193/effect-of-botulinum-toxin-a-and-nitroglycerin-on-random-skin-flap-survival-in-rats
#20
Kourosh Ghanbarzadeh, Omid Reza Tabatabaie, Ebrahim Salehifar, Massoud Amanlou, Ghasemali Khorasani
BACKGROUND: A suitable pharmacological substitute for the well-established surgical delay technique for random skin flaps to increase viability has been elusive. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of nitroglycerin and botulinum toxin type A on random flap survival in a rat model. METHODS: The present controlled experimental study was performed in the four groups of rats. One week after intervention in each group, the flap was raised and kept in situ, and flap necrosis was evaluated through follow-up...
2016: Plastic Surgery
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