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Sophie C S Cai, Yen Loo Lim, Wenyun Li, John Carson Allen, Sze Hon Chua, Suat Hoon Tan, Mark B Y Tang
INTRODUCTION: Anti-BP180 IgG titres were observed to parallel disease activity in case series of bullous pemphigoid (BP). This study aimed to examine whether anti-BP180 titres are an indicator of disease severity, clinical course and outcome in Asian patients with BP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted between March 2005 and March 2008 in the Immunodermatology Clinic at the National Skin Centre, Singapore. Disease activity and anti-BP180 IgG titres were measured 4-weekly for 12 weeks and during disease flares and clinical remission...
April 2015: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
T S Kupper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: British Journal of Dermatology
J D Bos, M L Kapsenberg
The term immunodermatology describes the systematic investigation of the complex mechanisms of the 'skin immune system' in health and disease. In this review Jan Bos and Martien Kapsenberg discuss the skin's vascular and lymphatic systems and the various cells which participate in the immune response. These include Langerhans' cells, indeterminate cells, veiled cells, endothelial cells, mast cells, tissue macrophages and 'homing' T lymphocytes, which are all present in skin under physiological conditions.
July 1986: Immunology Today
Stephen E Ullrich, Scott N Byrne
UV radiation targets the skin and is a primary cause of skin cancer (both melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer). Exposure to UV radiation also suppresses the immune response, and UV-induced immune suppression is a major risk factor for skin cancer induction. The efforts of dermatologists and cancer biologists to understand how UV radiation exposure suppresses the immune response and contributes to skin cancer induction led to the development of the subdiscipline we call photoimmunology. Advances in photoimmunology have generally paralleled advances in immunology...
March 2012: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
G Bieler, D Thorn, C K Huynh, C Tomicic, U-C Steiner, N Yawalkar, B Danuser
BACKGROUND: Occupational diisocyanate-induced extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) is a rare and probably underestimated diagnosis. Two acute occupational EAA cases have been described in this context, but neither of them concerned hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) exposure. AIMS: To investigate the cause of a life-threatening EAA arising at work in a healthy 30-year-old female paint quality controller. METHODS: Occupational medical assessment, workplace evaluation, airborne and biological monitoring and immunodermatological tests...
September 2011: Occupational Medicine
J X Sousa, D Miyamoto, J M Zimbres, D V Costa, V Aoki
BACKGROUND: Nuclear fluorescence in keratinocytes is an occasional phenomenon, often present in autoimmune diseases, especially in connective-tissue disease (CTD); however, its clinical significance remains unclear. AIM: To investigate the profile of patients with positive nuclear staining on direct immunofluorescence (DIF) of skin samples. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 28 patient records from our immunodermatology laboratory was performed between May 2003 and June 2006...
April 2009: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Andreas Wollenberg, Reiner Frank, Julia Kroth, Thomas Ruzicka
Atopic eczema is a highly pruritic, chronic inflammatory skin disease with a high socioeconomic burden. Different individually relevant exacerbating factors influence the clinical course of the disease. Current therapeutic paradigms call for maintaining or enhancing the epidermal barrier by continuous emollient therapy, which is combined with anti-inflammatory topical treatment applied to all affected areas as they appear. An alternative approach is proactive therapy, which involves long-term, low-dose intermittent topical anti-inflammatory therapy for previously affected areas with subclinical inflammation...
February 2009: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Richard L Gallo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2007: Seminars in Immunopathology
Sara E Billet, Sergei A Grando, Mark R Pittelkow
Paraneoplastic autoimmune multiorgan syndrome (PAMS), first described as paraneoplastic pemphigus in 1990, is an autoimmune blistering disease associated with neoplasia. Patients with this rare disorder have severe blistering and painful erosions of the oral cavity and various other cutaneous findings ranging from classic pemphigus vulgaris-like erosions to targetoid lesions resembling erythema multiforme and papular to more confluent lichenoid eruptions. This syndrome involves multiple organ systems, and its high rate of mortality often stems from constrictive bronchiolitis obliterans...
November 2006: Autoimmunity
J M Schröder, K Reich, K Kabashima, F T Liu, N Romani, M Metz, A Kerstan, P H A Lee, K Loser, M P Schön, M Maurer, P Stoitzner, S Beissert, Y Tokura, R L Gallo
Our views of the skin immunity theatre are undergoing constant change. These not only reflect paradigm shifts in general immunology and skin biology, but also have profound clinical implications, which call for strategic changes in dermatological therapy. Nowhere can this be witnessed at a greater level of instructiveness and fascination than when addressing the question posed by this new Controversies feature. Thus, after a very long period of dominance by T cells and Langerhans cells as 'lead actors' on the skin immunity stage, the lowly keratinocyte has recently made an astounding theatrical appearance as a key protagonist of the innate skin immunity system, which may control even acquired skin immune responses...
November 2006: Experimental Dermatology
Aton M Holzer, Leonard L Kaplan, William R Levis
For the past 40 years, dermatologists have safely used contact sensitizers such as dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB), diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP), and squaric acid dibutylester (SADBE) for the treatment of warts, alopecia areata, and even skin cancers. Most of these studies have utilized these powerful topical immunomodulators in acetone, a volatile solvent that precludes development of contact sensitizers as products. We have overcome these problems and stabilized these topical immunomodulators in a non-volatile, nonirritating GRAS (generally regarded as safe) vehicle...
May 2006: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
K Nagy, Márta Marschalkó, B Kemény, A Horváth
The mechanisms leading to the development of eosinophilia were investigated in 65 patients with immunodermatological disorders, including the role of eosinophilotactic cytokines and the possible involvement of human T-cell leukemia virus, HTLV. HTLV-1 gag proviral sequences were revealed in two cases of lymphoproliferative disorders such as angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) and CD4+ cutaneous lymphoma, respectively. Increased level of GM-CSF was detected in 33% of disorders studied. Elevated level of IL-5 and eotaxin was detected in 27% and 30%, respectively, of patients with bullous diseases...
2005: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
E Bernacchi, L Amato, A Parodi, F Cottoni, P Rubegni, O De Pità, M Papini, A Rebora, S Bombardieri, P Fabbri
OBJECTIVE: Various cutaneous manifestations have been described (xerosis, eyelid dermatitis, angular cheilitis, cutaneous vasculitis and annular erythema) in Sjögren's syndrome (SS), but so far only three studies on large numbers of SS patients have been carried out. The frequency of cutaneous manifestations and their association with specific clinical or immunological parameters have never been studied. The aim of the Italian Group of Immunodermatology was to evaluate these associations in a large number of SS patients...
January 2004: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
D Mimouni, P P Ng, A Rencic, O V Nikolskaia, B D Bernstein, H C Nousari
BACKGROUND: The term 'atrophie blanche' is used both as a descriptive term denoting ivory-white stellate scars on the lower limbs as well as a diagnostic label synonymous with livedoid vasculitis, an ill-defined entity. Medium-sized vasculitides, such as polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), occasionally present with ulceration resulting in ivory-white stellate scarring on the lower limbs and may potentially be misdiagnosed as livedoid vasculitis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the occurrence, clinical and immunopathological features of medium-sized vasculitis in patients presenting with atrophie blanche without clinical and/or compression duplex ultrasonographic evidence of venous insufficiency...
April 2003: British Journal of Dermatology
Andrew Blauvelt, Sam T Hwang, Mark C Udey
Many skin diseases have an inflammatory or immune component, and anti-inflammatory drugs comprise a major portion of a dermatologist's therapeutic armamentarium. Although causes of most of these diseases remain obscure, mechanisms of lesion formation and explanations for symptoms are increasingly well documented. These developments, coupled with the expected availability of novel selective immunomodulatory agents, herald a new era for immunodermatology. Patients with psoriasis, allergic contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, urticaria, and autoantibody-mediated blistering diseases are among those who are likely to benefit from advances in the understanding of disease pathogenesis and the emergence of immunotherapeutics...
February 2003: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Monika Srivastava, Adrienne Rencic, Gerardine Diglio, Helen Santana, Paula Bonitz, Rosemarie Watson, Esther Ha, Grant J Anhalt, Thomas T Provost, Carlos H Nousari
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and immunopathologic findings of drug-induced, Ro/SSA-positive cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE). DESIGN: Retrospective medical and laboratory record review. SETTING: Immunodermatology Division of Johns Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore, Md). PATIENTS: Of 120 patients found to have anti-Ro/SSA antibodies by hemagglutination and/or double immunodiffusion, 70 had clinical and immunopathologic confirmation of CLE...
January 2003: Archives of Dermatology
Marzia Caproni, Carla Cardinali, Aurora Parodi, Barbara Giomi, Manuela Papini, Mario Vaccaro, Angelo Marzano, Clara De Simone, Marcello Fazio, Alfredo Rebora, Paolo Fabbri
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the average age, sex distribution, duration of follow-up, clinical course, serologic abnormalities, and incidence of possibly associated malignancy in patients with amyopathic dermatomyositis. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University hospitals. PATIENTS: Thirteen patients with amyopathic dermatomyositis. RESULTS: The 13 patients represented 8.2% of 157 patients with dermatomyositis seen retrospectively in a 10-year period by the Italian Group of Immunodermatology of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Venereology...
January 2002: Archives of Dermatology
T Christoph, S Müller-Röver, H Audring, D J Tobin, B Hermes, G Cotsarelis, R Rückert, R Paus
The immunology of the hair follicle, its relationship with the 'skin immune system' and its role in hair diseases remain biologically intriguing and clinically important. In this study, we analysed the immunoreactivity patterns of 15 immunodermatological markers to determine the cellular composition and immune privilege of the human hair follicle immune system in anagen VI (growth phase). The most prominent cells located in or around the hair follicle were Langerhans cells, CD4+ or CD8+ T cells, macrophages and mast cells, whereas B cells, natural killer cells and gammadelta T cells were found very rarely...
May 2000: British Journal of Dermatology
A Parodi, M Caproni, C Cardinali, E Bernacchi, A Fuligni, G De Panfilis, C Zane, M Papini, F C Veller, M Vaccaro, P Fabbri
BACKGROUND: Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) is a distinct subset of cutaneous lupus erythematosus clinically characterized by psoriasiform and/or annular lesions and by a mild or absent systemic involvement. OBJECTIVE: The Italian Group of Immunodermatology of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Venereology reviewed the cases of SCLE seen in 10 years (1987-1996). PATIENTS: Forty-six women and 12 men have been retrospectively studied, 42% had annular lesions, 39% psoriasiform ones and 16% both...
2000: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
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