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M Saha, K Nahar, I Parveen, M Mahmuduzzaman, M A Hosen, P Mutsuddy, M H Khan
This hospital-based study was done to see the prevalence of sonologically detected non alcoholic fatty liver disease and associated factors in the apparently healthy adults. Apparently healthy and non alcoholic companions of the patients visiting the Centre of Nuclear Medicine and Ultrasound, Sylhet were subjected to abdominal ultrasonography to see the presence of fatty liver. Demographic features and other relevant data were collected in a semi structured questionnaire to find out the associated factors for non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Nupur Shah, Sujit Chowdhary, Anita Kaul
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The incidence of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in India is 1 in 1000. About 60 % of these are isolated, and the survival prognosis in them depends upon the quantum of contralateral functional lung. Out of the various pulmonary and extrapulmonary sonological predictors, observed to expected lung-head ratio (O/E LHR) is an efficient gestation-independent predictor of pulmonary function. This study was carried out to see the correlation of this prenatal predictor with the postnatal outcome depending on the pulmonary function...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Takanori Watanabe, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Hiroko Tsunoda, Setsuko Kaoku, Eriko Tohno, Hidemitsu Yasuda, Kanako Ban, Koichi Hirokaga, Kumiko Tanaka, Takeshi Umemoto, Toshitaka Okuno, Yasuhisa Fujimoto, Shuichi Nakatani, Jun Ito, Ei Ueno
The Japan Association of Breast and Thyroid Sonology (JABTS) proposed, in 2003, a conceptual classification system for non-mass abnormalities to be applied in addition to the conventional concept of masses, to facilitate detecting ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) lesions. The aim of this study was to confirm the utility of this system and to clarify the distribution of these findings in DCIS lesions. Data on 705 surgically treated DCIS lesions from 16 institutions in Japan were retrospectively reviewed. All 705 DCIS lesions could be classified according to the JABTS classification system...
May 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Srinivas M Naren Satya, Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, Ivvala Sai Prathyusha, Munnangi Satya Gautam, Deepthi Raidu, V N Amogh
BACKGROUND: Pentalogy of Cantrell (POC) is an extremely rare and complex congenital anomaly. Ultrasound is a valuable, safe, nonionizing, cost effective, widely available, and easily reproducible imaging tool and is indispensible in the diagnosis of POC. Despite the rarity of POC, it is imperative for a radiologist to be aware of its wide spectrum of presentation on ultrasound in first trimester of gestation. Most reported cases in literature till now have been sporadic. In this paper, we aimed to report for the first time in literature, a recurrent case of POC detected in the first trimester in a mother whose previous pregnancy also was terminated in the second trimester medically due to the ultrasound diagnosis of POC...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
Santosh Man Shrestha, Masayoshi Kage, Byung Boong Lee
Hepatic vena cava syndrome (HVCS) also known as membranous obstruction of inferior vena cava was considered a rare congenital disease and included under Budd Chiari syndrome. It is now recognized as a bacterial infection induced disease related to poor hygienic living condition. Localized thrombophlebitis of IVC at the site close to hepatic veins (HV) outlets is the initial lesion which converts on resolution into stenosis or complete obstruction, the circulatory equilibrium being maintained by development of cavo-caval collateral anastomosis...
February 7, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Manish Kumar Mishra, Rajesh Kumar Soni, Ravindra Singh Mohil, Ajit Sinha
Chronic venous insufficiency of lower limbs is a common problem in adults. We compared the two modalities, namely duplex ultrasound-guided, catheter-directed foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) and radio-frequency ablation (RFA), in the management of great saphenous varicose veins using clinical assessment (Venous Clinical Severity Score, Venous Disability Score) and duplex imaging. Patients presenting with great saphenous vein (GSV) varicosity due to incompetent saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) were selected and randomly assigned in each arm, i...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
C G Nair, M Babu, P Jacob, R Menon, J Mathew, Unnikrishnan
INTRODUCTION: Renal dysfunction associated with primary hyperparathyroidism was studied mostly in patients with mildly asymptomatic or asymptomatic parathyroid disorders. Clinical and biochemical profile of asymptomatic and symptomatic disease vary grossly. The present study analyzed renal function in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and the relation with clinical features, biochemical features and sonologic changes of kidneys in a cohort of primary symptomatic hyperparathyroidism...
December 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Srinivas M Naren Satya, Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, V N Amogh, B V Balakrishna, Munnangi Satya Gautam, Ivvala Sai Prathyusha
BACKGROUND: Cysticercosis is a parasitic infection caused by the larval stages of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. The subcutaneous form of the disease is a relatively rare clinical entity. Despite its rarity, it is imperative for a radiologist to be aware of this subcutaneous form of the disease and its various radiological patterns while evaluating any subcutaneous swelling. In this paper, we aimed to describe a typical case of 'subcutaneous cysticercosis involving the left anterior chest wall' with high resolution ultrasound findings...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Abhinav Aggarwal, Aakriti Kapoor Aggarwal, Aakaar Kapoor, Ravi Kapoor, Ashutosh Bansal
Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome (DDMS) is an uncommon congenital/pediatric disorder diagnosed only with the help of imaging. Clinical features associated with it are hemiparesis, seizures, facial asymmetry, and mental retardation. We here present a case of DDMS diagnosed antenatally at 29 weeks gestational age during routine antenatal ultrasound examination. The patient was further evaluated and followed using both ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging during antenatal and postnatal periods. The infant had unilateral hemiatrophy with the absence of anterior and middle cerebral arteries...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
M Naren Satya Srinivas, V N Amogh, Munnangi Satya Gautam, Ivvala Sai Prathyusha, N R Vikram, M Kamala Retnam, B V Balakrishna, Narendranath Kudva
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate diagnostic reliability of the daily use of thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TIRADS) classification proposed by Kwak et al., in differentiating between a benign and a malignant thyroid lesion, to calculate inter-observer variability in the interpretation of each of the TIRADS ultrasound features and to evaluate role of TIRADS system in reducing unnecessary biopsies of benign lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and sixty-five patients with clinically suspected thyroid lesions during the period from November 1, 2011, to August 31, 2015, were prospectively scanned on gray-scale and Doppler imaging by six radiologists separately...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Tsia-Shu Lo, Eileen Feliz M Cortes, Pei-Ying Wu, Yiap Loong Tan, Ahlam Al-Kharabsheh, Leng Boi Pue
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sonologic and clinical outcome of collagen coated (CC) versus non-collagen coated (NC) anterior vaginal mesh (AVM) for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery. STUDY DESIGN: The study is a prospective observational study which included 122 patients who had symptomatic POP stage III and IV. AvaultaPlus™ (collagen coated, CC group) was compared to Perigee™ (non collagen coated, NC group). Introital ultrasound morphology, measure of neovascularization by color Doppler and clinical outcomes were assessed...
March 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Santosh U P, Prashanth K B, Manjunatha H A, Sumanth K R, Triveni K M
INTRODUCTION: Benign thyroid swelling disorders are common conditions, frequently encountered in clinical practice. Though medical management has been useful in treating the hormonal variations, it has not been very significant in reducing the size of the swelling. OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of intra thyroid injection of triamcinolone in benign thyroid swelling disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients were selected for this study...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sajjan Shenoy, Amita Aggarwal
OBJECTIVES: Enthesitis is an important clinical manifestation and is a diagnostic criterion for juvenile idiopathic enthesitis-related arthritis (JIA-ERA). Ultrasound (US) is a highly sensitive method of detection of enthesitis in adult spondyloarthropathies. However, since the data on JIA and the preformance of US compared to clinical examination is limited, we aimed to compare the accuracy of US and clinical examination in JIA-ERA. METHODS: Patients with JIA-ERA (ILAR criteria) were enrolled in the study after consent...
January 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Bhimarao, Rashmi M Nagaraju, Venkataramana Bhat, Puttanna Vn Gowda
BACKGROUND: The high incidence of IUGR and its low recognition lead to increasing perinatal morbidity and mortality for which prediction of IUGR with timely management decisions is of paramount importance. Many studies have compared the efficacy of several gestational age independent parameters and found that TCD/AC is a better predictor of asymmetric IUGR. AIM: To compare the accuracy of transcerebellar diameter/abdominal circumference with head circumference/abdominal circumference in predicting asymmetric intrauterine growth retardation after 20 weeks of gestation...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
P Lekshmi Devi, P J Cicy, Renu Thambi, Usha Poothiode
Amniotic band sequence (ABS) includes a wide spectrum of abnormalities resulting from entrapment of various fetal parts from a disrupted amnion, ranging from a mere constriction ring affecting a finger to a fatal form called limb body wall complex (LBWC). Reported cases of ABS with LBWC are very few. The spectrum of anomalies depends on which part gets entrapped and at what point of gestation. Hence, the clinical presentation can be extremely variable. Early detection of such cases using sonology is really challenging due to the small size of the fibrotic bands...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Rashmi M Nagaraju, G Gurushankar, Bhimarao, Bindushree Kadakola
BACKGROUND: The complicated anatomy of orbit and the wide spectrum of pathological conditions present a formidable challenge for early diagnosis, which is critical for management. Ultrasonography provides a detailed cross sectional anatomy of the entire globe with excellent topographic visualization and real time display of the moving organ. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the efficacy of high frequency Ultrasound in localization of orbital diseases and to characterize various orbital pathologies sonologically...
September 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Nikhil Agrawal, Sumitoj Singh, Sudhir Khichy
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the procedure of choice for management of symptomatic gallstone disease. At times, it is difficult and takes longer time or has to be converted to an open procedure. This study is undertaken to determine the predictive factors for difficult LC. AIM: The aim was to evaluate a scoring method to predict difficult LC preoperatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were 30 cases operated by a single experienced surgeon...
July 2015: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
Pragya Singhal, Tanuja Nesari, Girja Shankar Gupta
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) also called as hepatic steatosis is a manifestation of excessive triglyceride accumulation in the liver. NAFLD has been described by histological features ranging from simple fatty liver, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, progressive fibrosis, and liver failure. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the effect of herbomineral drugs and pathya (Ayurvedic dietary regime and physical exercise) in the management of NAFLD...
April 2015: Ancient Science of Life
Chirag Patel, Urmila Anandh, Ankit Shah, Raghu Malghan
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is an acute necrotizing infection of the kidney caused by gas-producing organisms. It is being increasingly recognized as an underlying cause of sepsis. We present a case of emphysematous pyelonephritis where the affected kidney was filled with extensive gas. This made the detection of the kidney difficult by ultrasound. Also, this case presents the dilemma of managing a septic patient medically and the risks entailed in surgical intervention in such cases. Most often, these patients have underlying diabetes mellitus with underlying co-morbidities, making indicated surgical management difficult as illustrated by our patient...
July 2015: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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