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pediatric musculoskeletal

Thomas J An, Michael A Benvenuti, Megan E Mignemi, Isaac P Thomsen, Jonathan G Schoenecker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: JBJS Rev
Johannes Roth, Viviana Ravagnani, Marina Backhaus, Peter Balint, Alessandra Bruns, George A Bruyn, Paz Collado, Lorenia De la Cruz, Severine Guillaume-Czitrom, Troels Herlin, Cristina Hernandez, Annamaria Iagnocco, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Stefano Lanni, Vibke Lilleby, Clara Malattia, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Consuelo Modesto, Ana Narrodi, Juan-Carlos Nieto, Sarah Ohrndorf, Linda Rossi, Anne-Marit Selvaag, Nanno Swen, Tracy Ting, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Patricia Vega-Fernandez, Jelena Vojinovic, Daniel Windschall, Maria-Antonietta D'Agostino, Esperanza Naredo
Objectives Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (US) has the potential to be an important tool in the assessment of disease activity in childhood arthritides. To assess pathology, clear definitions for synovitis need to be developed first. The aim of this study was to develop and validate these definitions through an international consensus process. Methods The decision on which US techniques to use, the components to be included in the definitions as well as the final wording were developed by 31 ultrasound experts in a consensus process...
October 16, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
M Cody O'Dell, Diego Jaramillo, Laura Bancroft, Laura Varich, Gregory Logsdon, Sabah Servaes
With increasing participation and intensity of training in youth sports in the United States, the incidence of sports-related injuries is increasing, and the types of injuries are shifting. In this article, the authors review sports injuries of the lower extremity, including both acute and overuse injuries, that are common in or specific to the pediatric population. Common traumatic injuries that occur in individuals of all ages (eg, tears of the acetabular labrum and anterior cruciate ligament) are not addressed, although these occur routinely in pediatric sports...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Gyambo Sithey, Li Ming Wen, Patrick Kelly, Mu Li
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to identify clinical predictors associated with changes in settings for pediatric invasive and noninvasive positive airway pressure therapy, which could help inform the allocation of limited polysomnogram (PSG) resources. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted in children who underwent one or more PSGs for technology titration. Children were included if they were using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, bilevel positive airway pressure (BPAP) therapy, or invasive positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) the night of the PSG...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
P Yan, F Y Li, Y Yang, Y N Wang, A M Huang, H Yao
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in nurses in Xinjiang, China, to analyze the influencing factors for the development of WMSDs, and to provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of WMSDs in nurses. Methods: Stratified cluster sampling was used to randomly select 8 422 nurses in 8 tertiary hospitals and 4 secondary hospitals in Xinjiang from January to October, 2015. A questionnaire survey was performed to investigate the prevalence of WMSDs in nurses from departments of internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, emergency, and intensive care and operating rooms and analyze related influencing factors...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Michael A Benvenuti, Thomas J An, Megan E Mignemi, Jeffrey E Martus, Gregory A Mencio, Stephen A Lovejoy, Isaac P Thomsen, Jonathan G Schoenecker, Derek J Williams
OBJECTIVE: There are currently no algorithms for early stratification of pediatric musculoskeletal infection (MSKI) severity that are applicable to all types of tissue involvement. In this study, the authors sought to develop a clinical prediction algorithm that accurately stratifies infection severity based on clinical and laboratory data at presentation to the emergency department. METHODS: An IRB-approved retrospective review was conducted to identify patients aged 0 to 18 who presented to the pediatric emergency department at a tertiary care children's hospital with concern for acute MSKI over a 5-year period (2008 to 2013)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Philip K Frykman, Andrew L Freedman, Timothy D Kane, Zhi Cheng, Mikael Petrosyan, Kenneth Catchpole
INTRODUCTION: We studied operating team acceptability of Video Telescopic Monitor (VITOM(®)) exoscope by exploring the ease of use of the device in two centers. We also assessed factors affecting surgeon musculoskeletal discomfort. METHODS: We focused on how the operating team interacted with the VITOM system with surrogate measures of usefulness, image quality, ease of use, workload, and setup time. Multivariable linear regression was used to model the relationships between team role, experience, and setup time...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Michael A Benvenuti, Thomas J An, Megan E Mignemi, Jeffrey E Martus, Isaac P Thomsen, Jonathan G Schoenecker
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal infection (MSI) is a common cause of morbidity and hospital resource utilization in the pediatric population. Many physicians prefer to withhold antibiotics until tissue cultures can be taken in an effort to improve culture yields. However, there is little evidence that this practice improves culture results or outcomes in pediatric MSI. Therefore, investigating the effects of antibiotic timing may lead to improved clinical practice guidelines for treating children with MSI...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
John Jacob Cannell, Michael F Holick
When an infant presents with X-rays showing multiple unexplained fractures in various stages of healing (MUFVSH), the child is usually diagnosed with child abuse based on criteria of the Academy of Pediatrics' Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect (AAPCCAAN). Almost always, the infant is subsequently removed from the home and civil or criminal proceeding commence. It may be that healing infantile rickets or other poorly understood metabolic bone disorders of infancy are responsible for these x-rays. Activated vitamin D is a seco-steroid hormone, whose mechanism of action is genetic regulation...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Amrut Borade, Harish Kempegowda, Meagan Fernandez, Daniel S Horwitz
Successful results of osteoarticular allografts in reconstruction of periarticular bone defect after tumor resection encouraged its utilization in post-traumatic defects. Here we describe a case of post-traumatic skeletal defect in a 4 year-old girl treated with osteoarticular allograft reconstruction. Due to severity of the associated soft tissue injury and contamination at presentation staged treatment with antibiotic spacer followed by the reconstruction was carried out. At the end of one year the patient achieved 'Musculoskeletal tumor society' functional score of 27 points and radiographic score of 93%...
September 6, 2016: Injury
Ana Paula Sakamoto, Clovis Artur Silva, Mariana Paes Leme Ferriani, Rosa Maria Rodrigues Pereira, Eloisa Bonfá, Claudia Saad-Magalhães, Eunice Okuda, Simone Appenzeller, Francisco Hugo Gomes, Ana Luiza Garcia Cunha, Mirna Henriques Tomich Salume, Daniela Petry Piotto, Maria Teresa Terreri
Chronic arthritis (CA) is an unusual condition in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) and data in children is very limited. The aim of the study is to assess CA in a large population of cSLE patients, in a multicenter cross-sectional study including 852 cSLE patients followed in ten Pediatric Rheumatology referral services in state of São Paulo, Brazil. CA was observed in 32/852 (3.7 %) cSLE patients mostly in hands and ankles. Chronic monoarthritis was diagnosed in four cSLE patients, oligoarthritis in nine and polyarthritis in 19...
September 14, 2016: Rheumatology International
Daniel L Miranda, Melissa Putman, Ruby Kandah, Maria Cubria, Sebastian Suarez, Ara Nazarian, Brian Snyder
Prolonged immobilization in hospitalized children can lead to fragility fractures and muscle contractures and atrophy. The purpose of this study was to develop a lower-extremity disuse rabbit model with musculoskeletal changes similar to those observed in children subjected to prolonged immobilization. Six-week-old rabbits were randomly assigned to control (CTRL, n=4) or bilateral sciatic and femoral neurectomy (bSFN, n=4) groups. Trans-axial helical CT scans of each rabbit׳s hind limbs were acquired after eight weeks...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Mikhail C S S Higgins, Wei-Ting Hwang, Chase Richard, Christina H Chapman, Angelique Laporte, Stefan Both, Charles R Thomas, Curtiland Deville
PURPOSE: To assess the United States interventional radiology (IR) academic physician workforce diversity and comparative specialties. METHODS: Public registries were used to assess demographic differences among 2012 IR faculty and fellows, diagnostic radiology (DR) faculty and residents, DR subspecialty fellows (pediatric, abdominal, neuroradiology, and musculoskeletal), vascular surgery and interventional cardiology trainees, and 2010 US medical school graduates and US Census using binomial tests with ...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Selwan B Abdullah, Kelly R Dietz, Tara L Holm
BACKGROUND: Fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a routinely used tool in prenatal diagnosis; however, there is a lack of studies evaluating incidental findings observed in the mother. OBJECTIVE: This study describes and quantifies incidental findings observed in the mother during fetal MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed all fetal MRI studies at the University of Minnesota Medical Center from February 2008 to September 2014. Two pediatric radiologists retrospectively conducted a consensus evaluation...
August 23, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Mohammad M Alzahrani, Saad M Alqahtani, Michael Tanzer, Reggie C Hamdy
INTRODUCTION: Forceful and repetitive maneuvers constitute the majority of pediatric orthopedic surgical tasks, thus subjecting surgeons to the risk of musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries during their years in practice. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, characteristics and impact of MSK disorders among pediatric orthopedic surgeons. METHODS: A modified version of the physical discomfort survey was sent to surgeons who were members of the Pediatric Orthopedic Society of North America (POSNA) via e-mail...
October 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Üstün Aydıngöz, Zeynep Maraş Özdemir, Altan Güneş, Fatma Bilge Ergen
Although generally more common in adults, lower extremity impingement and friction syndromes are also observed in the pediatric age group. Encompassing femoroacetabular impingement, iliopsoas impingement, subspine impingement, and ischiofemoral impingement around the hip; patellar tendon-lateral femoral condyle friction syndrome; iliotibial band friction syndrome; and medial synovial plica syndrome in the knee as well as talocalcaneal impingement on the hindfoot, these syndromes frequently cause pain and may mimic other, and occasionally more ominous, conditions in children...
August 18, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Anna Huguet, Michelle E Tougas, Jill Hayden, Patrick J McGrath, Jennifer N Stinson, Christine T Chambers
A variety of factors may be involved in the development and course of musculoskeletal (MSK) pain. We undertook a systematic review with meta-analysis to synthesize and evaluate the quality of evidence about childhood and adolescent factors associated with onset and persistence of MSK pain, and its related disability.Studies were identified from searches of electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science), references of included studies, and the Pediatric Pain mail list. Two independent reviewers assessed study inclusion, completed data extraction and evaluated the quality of evidence using a modified GRADE framework...
August 10, 2016: Pain
Gozde Ozcan, Burhan Balta, Ahmet Ercan Sekerci, Osman A Etoz, Claudia Martinuzzi, Ozlem Kara, Lorenza Pastorino, Fatma Kocoglu, Omer Ulker, Murat Erdogan
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS) is an uncommon autosomal dominant inherited disorder which comprises the triad of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), odontogenic keratocysts, and musculoskeletal malformations. Besides this triad, neurological, ophthalmic, endocrine, and genital manifestations are known to be variable. It is occasionally associated with aggressive BCC and internal malignancies. This report documents a case of GGS with a novel mutation in the PTCH1 gene in an 11-year-old child. The clinical, radiographic, histopathologic and molecular findings of this condition, and treatment are described, and a review of GGS was carried out...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
M B Nielsen, K Seitz
The impact factor (IF) for 2015 was recently released and this could be the time to once again reflect on its use as a metric of a journal. Problems and concerns regarding the IF have been addressed extensively elsewhere 1 2. The principle of the IF for a given year is that it represents the average number of citations of articles published in the journal in the two previous years.While authors frequently cite the IF as a determining factor for submission, the IF does not predict how many times individual articles will be cited...
August 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
John S Groundland, Steven B Ambler, Lt Daniel J Houskamp, John J Orriola, Odion T Binitie, G Douglas Letson
BACKGROUND: Limb-salvage surgery and segmental reconstruction for the treatment of lower extremity osseous tumors in the pediatric population have been described in the literature, but there is little consensus regarding the optimal surgical treatment for this patient population. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify studies focusing on limb-salvage procedures in pediatric patients who were managed with one of three reconstructions with use of a metallic endoprosthesis, allograft, or allograft-prosthesis composite...
February 9, 2016: JBJS Rev
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