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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097270/prospective-study-analyzing-risk-factors-and-characteristics-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-a-urology-ward
#1
José Medina-Polo, Raquel Sopeña-Sutil, Raúl Benítez-Sala, Alba Lara-Isla, Manuel Alonso-Isa, Javier Gil-Moradillo, Juan Justo-Quintas, Esther García-Rojo, Daniel Antonio González-Padilla, Juan Bautista Passas-Martínez, Ángel Tejido-Sánchez
PURPOSE: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in urological patients have special features due to specific risk factors. Our objective was to evaluate the characteristics and risk factors for HAIs in patients hospitalized in a Urology ward. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated prospectively, from 2012 to 2015, the incidence, types and risk factor for HAIs, microbiological and resistance patterns. RESULTS: The incidence of HAIs was 6.3%. The most common types were urinary infections (70...
January 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096547/trachyspic-acid-19-butyl-ester-a-new-inhibitor-of-plk1-polo-box-domain-dependent-recognition-from-uncharacterized-fungus-rkgs-f2684
#2
Toshihiko Nogawa, Noriko Ogita, Yushi Futamura, Shigenori Negishi, Nobumoto Watanabe, Hiroyuki Osada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096058/anemia-at-the-time-of-diagnosis-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-adolescent-and-adult-patients
#3
Alfredo J Lucendo, Ángel Arias, Óscar Roncero, Daniel Hervías, Cristina Verdejo, Carmen Naveas-Polo, Abdelmouneim Bouhmidi, Rufo Lorente, Luis Miguel Alcázar, Irina Salueña, Julio A García-Quiñones, María Jesús Carrillo-Ramos
BACKGROUND: The prevalence, characteristic and determinants of anemia, at the time of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) diagnosis have yet to be fully elucidated. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study. Analytical data and disease characteristics obtained upon diagnosis of 1278 IBD patients [Crohn's disease/ulcerative colitis (CD/UC): 718/560] were collected. RESULTS: Anemia was present in 41.2% of patients at diagnosis (47% and 33.8% of CD and UC patients, respectively; p<0...
December 14, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088858/from-blue-to-green-fine-tuning-of-photoluminescence-and-electrochemiluminescence-in-bifunctional-organic-dyes
#4
Fabio Rizzo, Federico Polo, Gregorio Bottaro, Simona Fantacci, Sabrina Antonello, Lidia Armelao, Silvio Quici, Flavio Maran
We describe the synthesis, computational analysis, photophysics, electrochemistry and electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of a series of compounds formed of two triphenylamines linked by a fluorene or spirobifluorene bridge. The phenylamine moieties were modified at the para-position of the two external rings by electron-withdrawing or electron-donating substituents. These modifications allowed for fine tuning of the photoluminescence (PL) and ECL emission from blue to green, with an overall wavelength span of 73 (PL) and 67 (ECL) nm, respectively...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076578/confirmed-clinical-case-of-chronic-kidney-disease-of-nontraditional-causes-in-agricultural-communities-in-central-america-a-case-definition-for-surveillance
#5
Alejandro Ferreiro, Guillermo Álvarez-Estévez, Manuel Cerdas-Calderón, Zulma Cruz-Trujillo, Elio Mena, Marina Reyes, Mabel Sandoval-Diaz, Vicente Sánchez-Polo, Régulo Valdés, Pedro Ordúnez
Over the last 20 years, many reports have described an excess of cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Pacific coastal area of Central America, mainly affecting male farmworkers and signaling a serious public health problem. Most of these cases are not associated with traditional risk factors for CKD, such as aging, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. This CKD of nontraditional causes (CKDnT) might be linked to environmental and/or occupational exposure or working conditions, limited access to health services, and poverty...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074435/plk1-inhibition-leads-to-a-failure-of-mitotic-division-during-the-first-mitotic-division-in-pig-embryos
#6
Zixiao Zhang, Changchao Chen, Panpan Cui, Yaya Liao, Lingyun Yao, Yue Zhang, Rong Rui, Shiqiang Ju
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to examine the dynamic distribution of polo-like 1 kinase (Plk1) and the possible role it plays in first mitotic division during early porcine embryo development. METHODS: Indirect immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy imaging techniques combined with western blot analyses were used to study the dynamic expression and subcellular localization of Plk1 protein in pig parthenogenetic embryos. Finally, a selective Plk1 inhibitor, GSK461364, was used to evaluate the potential role of Plk1 during this special stage...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069876/targeting-plk1-to-enhance-efficacy-of-olaparib-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#7
Xiaoqi Liu, Jie Li, Ruixin Wang, Yifan Kong, Meaghan M Broman, Colin Carlock, Long Chen, Zhiguo Li, Elia Farah, Timothy L Ratliff
Olaparib is a FDA-approved PARP inhibitor (PARPi) that has shown promise as a synthetic lethal treatment approach for BRCA-mutant castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) in clinical use. However, emerging data has also shown that even BRCA-mutant cells may be resistant to PARPi. The mechanistic basis for these drug resistances is poorly understood. Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1), a critical regulator of many cell cycle events, is significantly elevated upon castration of mice carrying xenograft prostate tumors...
January 9, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069132/molecular-regulation-of-the-spindle-assembly-checkpoint-by-kinases-and-phosphatases
#8
G Manic, F Corradi, A Sistigu, S Siteni, I Vitale
The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is a surveillance mechanism contributing to the preservation of genomic stability by monitoring the microtubule attachment to, and/or the tension status of, each kinetochore during mitosis. The SAC halts metaphase to anaphase transition in the presence of unattached and/or untensed kinetochore(s) by releasing the mitotic checkpoint complex (MCC) from these improperly-oriented kinetochores to inhibit the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C). The reversible phosphorylation of a variety of substrates at the kinetochore by antagonistic kinases and phosphatases is one major signaling mechanism for promptly turning on or turning off the SAC...
2017: International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068662/evaluation-of-the-macular-ganglion-cell-inner-plexiform-layer-and-the-circumpapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-in-early-to-severe-stages-of-glaucoma-correlation-with-central-visual-function-and-visual-field-indexes
#9
Maria Pilar Bambo, Noemi Güerri, Blanca Ferrandez, Beatriz Cameo, Isabel Fuertes, Vicente Polo, Elena Garcia-Martin
OBJECTIVES: To compare the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) and the macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) in glaucoma patients at different disease stages and to evaluate correlations between optical coherence tomography (OCT) parameters with central visual function and visual field (VF) indexes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred forty patients were included in this prospective cross-sectional study. Subjects diagnosed with chronic open-angle glaucoma and 20/40 or better vision were recruited and classified as having early, moderate, or severe VF defects based on Hodapp-Parrish-Anderson criteria...
January 10, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061448/targeting-basal-like-breast-tumors-with-bromodomain-and-extraterminal-domain-bet-and-polo-like-kinase-inhibitors
#10
Cristina Nieto-Jiménez, Ana Alcaraz-Sanabria, Javier Pérez-Peña, Verónica Corrales-Sánchez, Gemma Serrano-Heras, Eva M Galán-Moya, Leticia Serrano-Oviedo, Juan Carlos Montero, Miguel Burgos, Juan Llopis, Atanasio Pandiella, Alberto Ocaña
Metastatic triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an incurable disease with limited therapeutic options, and no targeted therapies available. Triple negative tumors and the basal-like genomic subtype, are both characterized by a high proliferation rate and an increase in cell division. In this context, protein kinases involved in the mitotic formation have a relevant role in this tumor subtype. Recently, Bromodomain and extraterminal domain (BET) inhibitors have shown to be active in this disease by modulating the expression of several transcription factors...
January 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052229/gastric-cancer-in-chest-radiograph
#11
Jorge L Polo, Juan C Porres
A 90-year-old man presented with a 1-month history of progressive edema in both legs and several episodes of malaise and dizziness that were associated with hypoglycemia. On examination, a nontender epigastric mass was palpated. A plain radiograph of the chest showed a round, irregular opacity..
January 5, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052114/crl4wdr1-controls-polo-like-kinase-protein-abundance-to-promote-bilobe-duplication-basal-body-segregation-and-flagellum-attachment-in-trypanosoma-brucei
#12
Huiqing Hu, Qing Zhou, Xianxian Han, Ziyin Li
The Polo-like kinase homolog in Trypanosoma brucei, TbPLK, plays essential roles in basal body segregation, flagellum attachment and cytokinesis. The level of TbPLK protein is tightly controlled, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here, we report a Cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase composed of Cullin4, the DNA damage-binding protein 1 homolog TbDDB1 and a WD40-repeat protein WDR1 that controls TbPLK abundance in the basal body and the bilobe. WDR1, through its C-terminal domain, interacts with the PEST motif in TbPLK and, through its N-terminal WD40 motif, binds to TbDDB1...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051112/pigmentation-plasticity-enhances-crypsis-in-larval-newts-associated-metabolic-cost-and-background-choice-behaviour
#13
Nuria Polo-Cavia, Ivan Gomez-Mestre
In heterogeneous environments, the capacity for colour change can be a valuable adaptation enhancing crypsis against predators. Alternatively, organisms might achieve concealment by evolving preferences for backgrounds that match their visual traits, thus avoiding the costs of plasticity. Here we examined the degree of plasticity in pigmentation of newt larvae (Lissotriton boscai) in relation to predation risk. Furthermore, we tested for associated metabolic costs and pigmentation-dependent background choice behaviour...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049755/prevention-of-diabetes-in-mexico-pragmatic-solutions-for-a-complex-problem
#14
Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Hector Bourges Rodriguez, Ernestina Polo Oteyza
The Tenth Nestlé Nutrition Conference, held in Mexico City in November 2014, focused on prevention of type 2 diabetes considering environment, lifestyles, and nutrition. Based on the evidence and recommendations presented during the conference, which are summarized in another article within this supplemental issue, a series of pragmatic proposals to address the environmental, social, and medical factors that have contributed to the growing prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Mexico was formulated. For this article, the actions were organized into 2 conceptual models: one that is applicable for the whole population and the other for at-risk individuals...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049751/an-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-in-mexican-elementary-school-students-building-public-policy-to-prevent-noncommunicable-diseases
#15
Ernestina Polo-Oteyza, Mónica Ancira-Moreno, Cecilia Rosel-Pech, María Teresa Sánchez-Mendoza, Vicente Salinas-Martínez, Felipe Vadillo-Ortega
Physical activity is an important component of strategies for health promotion and prevention of noncommunicable diseases. It is also associated with decreased risk for cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese adults and children. This article addresses the initial description of a physical activity intervention for children attending public elementary schools in Mexico. The objective was to develop a replicable model based on a strategic public, private, academic, and social partnership that would have a short-term impact on the metabolic health of children and be useful for building effective public policy...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049744/prevention-of-diabetes-in-mexico-summary-of-evidence-on-preventive-interventions-presented-at-the-2014-nestle-nutrition-conference
#16
Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Hector Bourges-Rodriguez, Ernestina Polo-Oteyza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042716/the-role-of-self-rated-health-in-the-association-between-chronic-somatic-diseases-and-climacteric-related-symptoms
#17
R E Katainen, J R Engblom, T J Siirtola, R U Erkkola, P Polo-Kantola
OBJECTIVES: We have previously shown an association between several chronic somatic diseases and climacteric-related symptoms. This time, we investigated whether self-rated health (SRH) contributes to this association. METHODS: The Women's Health Questionnaire was used to evaluate the climacteric-related symptoms, and existence of the diseases was investigated in 3421 women (41-54 years). In our previous study, the associations were defined with multivariable analyses...
January 2, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040203/inner-ear-malformations-a-practical-diagnostic-approach
#18
M Mazón, E Pont, A Montoya-Filardi, J Carreres-Polo, F Más-Estellés
Pediatric sensorineural hearing loss is a major cause of disability; although inner ear malformations account for only 20-40% of all cases, recognition and characterization will be vital for the proper management of these patients. In this article relevant anatomy and development of inner ear are surveyed. The role of neuroimaging in pediatric sensorineural hearing loss and cochlear preimplantation study are assessed. The need for a universal system of classification of inner ear malformations with therapeutic and prognostic implications is highlighted...
December 28, 2016: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040092/global-access-to-radiotherapy-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
M Abdel-Wahab, E Fidarova, A Polo
Over the last 60 years, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been working to introduce, expand and improve radiotherapy services, working with partners such as the World Health Organization (WHO) to improve cancer diagnosis, treatment, care and control through collective action in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The Lancet Oncology Commission on radiotherapy published a report that defined five calls for action to expand global access to radiotherapy, drawing on the previous work of the Global Taskforce on Radiotherapy for Cancer Control...
February 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039079/post-transplant-cyclophosphamide-and-tacrolimus-mycophenolate-mofetil-combination-prevents-graft-versus-host-disease-in-allogeneic-peripheral-blood-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-from-hla-identical-donors
#20
Fabrizio Carnevale-Schianca, Daniela Caravelli, Susanna Gallo, Valentina Coha, Lorenzo D'Ambrosio, Elena Vassallo, Marco Fizzotti, Francesca Nesi, Luisa Gioeni, Massimo Berger, Alessandra Polo, Loretta Gammaitoni, Paolo Becco, Lidia Giraudo, Monica Mangioni, Dario Sangiolo, Giovanni Grignani, Delia Rota-Scalabrini, Antonino Sottile, Franca Fagioli, Massimo Aglietta
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) remains the only curative therapy for many hematologic malignancies but it is limited by high nonrelapse mortality (NRM), primarily from unpredictable control of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Recently, post-transplant cyclophosphamide demonstrated improved GVHD control in allogeneic bone marrow HCT. Here we explore cyclophosphamide in allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (alloPBSCT). Patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies received alloPBSCT from HLA-matched unrelated/related donors...
December 27, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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