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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667777/induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-conditional-medium-promotes-leydig-cell-anti-apoptosis-and-proliferation-via-autophagy-and-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#1
Xiaoling Guo, Yong Chen, Tingting Hong, Xianwu Chen, Yue Duan, Chao Li, Renshan Ge
Leydig cell transplantation is a better alternative in the treatment of androgen-deficient males. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of induced pluripotent stem cell-derived conditioned medium (iPS-CM) on the anti-apoptosis, proliferation and function of immature Leydig cells (ILCs), and illuminate the underlying mechanisms. ILCs were exposed to 200 μmol/L hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) for 24 hours with or without iPS-CM treatments. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometric analysis...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667364/heritability-of-body-size-in-the-polar-bears-of-western-hudson-bay
#2
René M Malenfant, Corey S Davis, Evan S Richardson, Nicholas J Lunn, David W Coltman
Among polar bears (Ursus maritimus), fitness is dependent on body size through males' abilities to win mates, females' abilities to provide for their young, and all bears' abilities to survive increasingly longer fasting periods caused by climate change. In the Western Hudson Bay subpopulation (near Churchill, Manitoba, Canada), polar bears have declined in body size and condition, but nothing is known about the genetic underpinnings of body size variation, which may be subject to natural selection. Here, we combine a 4449-individual pedigree and an array of 5433 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to provide the first quantitative genetics study of polar bears...
April 18, 2018: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666910/ontogeny-and-development-of-the-tritocerebral-commissure-giant-tcg-an-identified-neuron-in-the-brain-of-the-grasshopper-schistocerca-gregaria
#3
George Stephen Boyan, Leslie Williams, Tobias Müller, Jonathan P Bacon
The tritocerebral commissure giant (TCG) of the grasshopper Schistocerca gregaria is one of the best anatomically and physiologically described arthropod brain neurons. A member of the so-called Ventral Giant cluster of cells, it integrates sensory information from visual, antennal and hair receptors, and synapses with thoracic motor neurons in order to initiate and regulate flight behavior. Its ontogeny, however, remains unclear. In this study, we use bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and cyclin labeling to reveal proliferative neuroblasts in the region of the embryonic brain where the ventral giant cluster is located...
April 17, 2018: Development Genes and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666673/pan-cdk-inhibition-augments-cisplatin-lethality-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cell-lines-and-xenograft-models
#4
Nicholas L Syn, Pei Li Lim, Li Ren Kong, Lingzhi Wang, Andrea Li-Ann Wong, Chwee Ming Lim, Thomas Kwok Seng Loh, Gerhard Siemeister, Boon Cher Goh, Wen-Son Hsieh
In addition to their canonical roles in regulating cell cycle transition and transcription, cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) have been shown to coordinate DNA damage response pathways, suggesting a rational pairing of CDK inhibitors with genotoxic chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of human malignancies. Here, we report that roniciclib (BAY1000394), a potent pan-CDK inhibitor, displays promising anti-neoplastic activity as a single agent and potentiates cisplatin lethality in preclinical nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) models...
2018: Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666278/deubiquitylation-and-stabilization-of-p21-by-usp11-is-critical-for-cell-cycle-progression-and-dna-damage-responses
#5
Tanggang Deng, Guobei Yan, Xin Song, Lin Xie, Yu Zhou, Jianglin Li, Xiaoxiao Hu, Zhen Li, Jun Hu, Yibin Zhang, Hui Zhang, Yang Sun, Peifu Feng, Dong Wei, Bin Hu, Jing Liu, Weihong Tan, Mao Ye
p21WAF1/CIP1 is a broad-acting cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. Its stability is essential for proper cell-cycle progression and cell fate decision. Ubiquitylation by the multiple E3 ubiquitin ligase complexes is the major regulatory mechanism of p21, which induces p21 degradation. However, it is unclear whether ubiquitylated p21 can be recycled. In this study, we report USP11 as a deubiquitylase of p21. In the nucleus, USP11 binds to p21, catalyzes the removal of polyubiquitin chains conjugated onto p21, and stabilizes p21 protein...
April 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665899/-statins-regulate-the-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-t-all-cells-through-the-inhibition-of-akt-pathway
#6
Jun-Jie Wang, Yu Tian, Kai-Lin Xu, Rui-Xue Fu, Ming-Shan Niu, Kai Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Statins on proliferation and apoptosis in human acute T lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL) cells and its possible mechanism. METHODS: Jurkat and CCRF-CEM cells were cultured in different concentrations of Fluvastatin and Simvastatin for 24 h respectively. Then, the cell growth inhibition level was defected by CCK-8; the DNA replication was analyzed by EdU; the cell apoptosis was analyzed by Annexin V/7-AAD double labeling; the cell cycle changes were analyzed by flow cytometry; the expressions of Cyclin D1, p21, p27, BAX, BCL-2 and p-Akt were determined by Western blot...
April 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665367/suppression-of-akt-mediated-hdac3-expression-and-cdk2-t39-phosphorylation-by-a-bichalcone-analog-contributes-to-s-phase-retardation-of-cancer-cells
#7
Kuang-Chen Hung, Meng-Liang Lin, Shih-Wei Hsu, Chuan-Chun Lee, Ren-Yu Huang, Tian-Shung Wu, Shih-Shun Chen
Targeting cell cycle regulators has been a suggested mechanism for therapeutic cancer strategies. We report here that the bichalcone analog TSWU-CD4 induces S phase arrest of human cancer cells by inhibiting the formation of cyclin A-phospho (p)-cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2, threonine [Thr] 39) complexes, independent of mutant p53 expression. Ectopic expression of CDK2 (T39E), which mimics phosphorylation of the Thr 39 residue of CDK2, partially rescues the cells from TSWU-CD4-induced S phase arrest, whereas phosphorylation-deficient CDK2 (T39A) expression regulates cell growth with significant S phase arrest and enhances TSWU-CD4-triggered S phase arrest...
April 14, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665093/the-mapk-activator-protein-1-signaling-regulates-changes-in-lung-tissue-of-rat-exposed-to-hypobaric-hypoxia
#8
Mrinalini Singh, Seema Yadav, Meetul Kumar, Shweta Saxena, Deepika Saraswat, Anju Bansal, Shashi B Singh
This study reports the role of MAPKs (JNK, ERK, and p38), and activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor in the hypobaric hypoxia induced change in lung tissue. Healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to hypobaric hypoxia for 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 120 hr. Hypoxia resulted in significant increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and decreased nitric oxide (NO), these act as signaling molecules for activation of MAPK and also contribute in development of vascular leakage (an indicator of pulmonary edema) as confirmed by histological studies...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665059/tannic-acid-modulates-fibroblast-proliferation-and-differentiation-in-response-to-pro-fibrotic-stimuli
#9
Dhamotharan Pattarayan, Ayyanar Sivanantham, Ramalingam Bethunaickan, Rajaguru Palanichamy, Subbiah Rajasekaran
In response to tissue injury, fibroblasts migrate into the wound, where they undergo proliferation and differentiation. The persistence of these differentiated fibroblasts (myofibroblasts) is associated with excessive scarring in various organs. We aimed to investigate the effects of Tannic acid (TA) on fibroblast proliferation and differentiation, and found that TA inhibited fibroblast differentiation as assessed by reduced expression of α-smooth muscle actin, N-cadherin, and type-1-collagen. TA also prevented the TGF-β1-induced alteration in the expression of two classes of genes involved in the remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, namely matrix metalloproteinases (Mmp-2 and -9) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (Timp-1 and -3)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663854/cyclin-dependent-kinase-1-targeting-improves-sensitivity-to-radiation-in-braf-v600e-colorectal-carcinoma-cells
#10
Girolamo Spagnoletti, Valeria Li Bergolis, Annamaria Piscazzi, Francesca Giannelli, Valentina Condelli, Lorenza Sisinni, Giuseppe Bove, Giovanni Storto, Matteo Landriscina
OBJECTIVES: Preoperative chemoradiation is currently the standard of care in locally advanced rectal carcinoma, even though a subset of rectal tumors does not achieve major clinically meaningful responses upon neoadjuvant chemoradiation. At present, no molecular biomarkers are available to predict response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation and select resistant tumors willing more intense therapeutic strategies. Thus, BRAF mutational status was investigated for its role in favoring resistance to radiation in colorectal carcinoma cell lines and cyclin-dependent kinase 1 as a target to improve radiosensitivity in BRAF V600E colorectal tumor cells...
April 2018: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663555/dehydroleucodine-inhibits-mitotic-clonal-expansion-during-adipogenesis-through-cell-cycle-arrest
#11
S Abood, M L Veisaga, L A López, M A Barbieri
Aberrant levels of preadipocyte differentiation, triggered by adipocyte hyperplasia and hypertrophy, results in the obesogenic phenotype. Obesity is a risk factor for several metabolic disorders. In this paper, dehydroleucodine inhibited the accumulation of lipid droplets and decreased the elevations of triglycerides, and this inhibitory effect occurred during the early stage of adipogenesis. Thus, not only did dehydroleucodine downregulate the expression of C/EBPα and PPARγ, it also strongly blocked the expression of C/EBPβ, an early stage biomarker of early adipogenesis, in a concentration-dependent manner...
April 16, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663367/gadd45a-gene-silencing-by-rnai-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-inhibits-apoptosis-and-senescence-in-skin-squamous-cell-carcinoma-through-the-p53-signaling-pathway
#12
Li-Qian Liu, Fu-Jun Tian, Ying Xiong, Yan Zhao, Jian-Bo Song
Skin squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is generally considered as nonaggressive lesions and mainly caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Gadd45a is a key component protecting skin against UV-induced tumors. For that, the study aims to investigate the mechanism of Gadd45a gene silencing on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and senescence in nude mice with skin SCC through the p53 signaling pathway. Healthy nude mice was collected as the normal group and 40 nude mouse models of skin SCC were successfully established as the model group, which were sub-divided into five groups...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662651/p27-kip1-regulates-alpha-synuclein-expression
#13
Edurne Gallastegui, Carla Domuro, Joan Serratosa, Alejandra Larrieux, Laura Sin, Jonatan Martinez, Arnaud Besson, José Manuel Morante-Redolat, Serena Orlando, Rosa Aligue, Isabel Fariñas, María Jesús Pujol, Oriol Bachs
Alpha-synuclein (α-SYN) is the main component of anomalous protein aggregates (Lewy bodies) that play a crucial role in several neurodegenerative diseases (synucleinopathies) like Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy. However, the mechanisms involved in its transcriptional regulation are poorly understood. We investigated here the role of the cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitor and transcriptional regulator p27Kip1 (p27) in the regulation of α-SYN expression. We observed that selective deletion of p27 by CRISPR/Cas9 technology in neural cells resulted in increased levels of α-SYN...
March 27, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661714/microrna-155-up-regulation-in-the-cns-is-strongly-correlated-to-down-s-syndrome-dementia
#14
Esmerina Tili, Louisa Mezache, Jean-Jacques Michaille, Vicky Amann, James Williams, Paige Vandiver, Maria Quinonez, Paolo Fadda, Adel Mikhail, Gerard Nuovo
This study examined the molecular correlates of Down's dementia. qRTPCR for chromosome 21 microRNAs was correlated with in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry for microRNA targets, mRNAs located on chromosome 21, and neurofibrillary tangles in human and the Ts65 dn mouse Down's model. qRTPCR for the microRNAs on the triplicated chromosome showed miR-155 dominance in brain tissues (14.3 fold increase, human and 24.2 fold increase, mouse model) that co-expressed with hyperphosphorylated tau protein. miR-155 was not elevated in Alzheimer's disease or neonates with Downs' syndrome...
March 26, 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661100/progesterone-induced-mir-145-mir-143-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-endometrial-epithelial-cells
#15
Dong-Zhi Yuan, Yi Lei, Dan Zhao, Jun-Li Pan, You-Bo Zhao, Li Nie, Min Liu, Yun Long, Jin-Hu Zhang, Li-Min Yue
Our previous study showed that progesterone (P4) can specifically regulate the expression of some microRNAs (miRNAs) in endometrial epithelium. In the present study, we verified the P4-dependent expression of miR-145/miR-143 in endometrial epithelial cells, explored the regulative mechanism of the P4 receptor (PR), and investigated their effects on the proliferation of endometrial epithelial cells. Our results showed that P4 can induce the expression of miR-145/143 in endometrial epithelial cells by acting on the PR A subtype...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660315/metronomic-vinorelbine-is-directly-active-on-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-and-sensitizes-the-egfr-l858r-t790m-cells-to-reversible-egfr-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors
#16
Paola Orlandi, Teresa Di Desidero, Giada Salvia, Beatrice Muscatello, Giulio Francia, Guido Bocci
Metronomic vinorelbine (mVNR) has been described primarily as an antiangiogenic therapy, and no direct effects of mVNR on Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) cells has yet been demonstrated. The aims of this study were i) to establish the direct activity of mVNR on NSCLC cells either EGFR wt or EGFRL858R/T790M , and ii) to quantify the synergism of the combination with reversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), investigating the underlying mechanism of action. Proliferation assays were performed on A-549 (EGFR-wthigh ), H-292 (EGFR-wt), H-358 (EGFR-wt), H-1975 (EGFRL858R/T790M ) NSCLC cell lines exposed to mVNR, its active metabolite deacetyl-VNR (D-VNR), gefitinib and erlotinib for 144h treatments...
April 13, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660302/mir-223-rhob-signaling-pathway-regulates-the-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-colon-adenocarcinoma
#17
Li-Juan Wei, Jun-An Li, Dong-Mei Bai, Ying Song
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can function as tumor suppressor or oncogenic genes. The putative targets of miR-223 include tumor suppressor gene, RhoB. Here we sought to investigate the role of miR-223-RhoB signaling pathway in proliferation of colon cancer. We used Western blot, immunofluorescence staining, or RT-PCR to detect expression levels of miR-223 and RhoB in colon adenocarcinoma and adjacent non-cancerous tissue samples, or in human colon adenocarcinoma cell lines. MTT assay was used to determine proliferation and apoptosis in cell lines...
April 13, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660200/odd-skipped-related-1-inhibits-lung-cancer-proliferation-and-invasion-by-reducing-wnt-signaling-through-the-suppression-of-sox9-and-%C3%AE-catenin
#18
Yuan Wang, Lei Lei, Yi-Wen Zheng, Li Zhang, Zhi-Han Li, Hao-Yue Shen, Gui-Yang Jiang, Xiu-Peng Zhang, En-Hua Wang, Hong-Tao Xu
The odd-skipped related 1 (OSR1) gene encodes a zinc-finger transcription factor. The expression and significance of OSR1 in human tumors remains unclear. We found that OSR1 was downregulated in lung cancers, and its expression correlated with poor differentiation. Overexpression of OSR1 by OSR1 gene transfection into H1299 cells (H1299-OSR1) inhibited the proliferation and invasion of lung cancer cells. Knockdown of OSR1 with small interfering (si)RNA against OSR1 in A549 cells (A549-siOSR1) enhanced the proliferation and invasion of lung cancer cells...
April 16, 2018: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659560/androgen-receptor-is-inactivated-and-degraded-in-bladder-cancer-cells-by-phenyl-glucosamine-via-mir-449a-restoration
#19
Ju Guo, Jieping Hu, Runfu Cao, Qingsheng Chen, Kanghua Li
BACKGROUND Bladder cancer caused by exposure to aniline dyes, chronic cystitis, and smoking is detected in approximately 70 000 new cases annually. In the USA alone, it leads to 15 000 deaths every year. In the present study, we investigated the role of 3-((4'-amino-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)amino)-4-bromo-5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-yl acetate (ABDHFA) in the inhibition of bladder cancer cell viability. MATERIAL AND METHODS Viability of cells was examined using MTT assay and distribution of cell cycle was assessed by flow cytometry...
April 16, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658663/-microrna-222-regulates-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-fibroblasts-in-hypertrophic-scar-via-matrix-metalloproteinase-1
#20
Yi Zhang, Li Zhang, Qiyu Zhang, Weilong Hong, Xiaohua Lin
<b>Objective:</b> To explore the effect of microRNA(miR)-222 on cell proliferation and apoptosis of fibroblasts in hypertrophic scar (HS) and the underlying mechanisms. <b>Methods:</b> The expression of miR-222 in the HS and the normal skin tissues was detected by real-time RT-PCR. The HS fibroblasts were transfected with miR-222 mimic and miR-222 inhibitor respectively. The cell viability was tested with MTT assay, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were detected with flow cytometry and the expression levels of proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle related proteins were determined with Western blot...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
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