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Minkyoung Lee, Ik Soo Kim, Koog Chan Park, Jong-Seo Kim, Sung Hee Baek, Keun Il Kim
Mis18α, a component of Mis18 complex comprising of Mis18α, Mis18β, and M18BP1, is known to localize at the centromere from late telophase to early G1 phase and plays a priming role in CENP-A deposition. Although its role in CENP-A deposition is well established, the other function of Mis18α remains unknown. Here, we elucidate a new function of Mis18α that is critical for the proper progression of cell cycle independent of its role in CENP-A deposition. We find that Aurora B kinase phosphorylates Mis18α during mitosis not affecting neither centromere localization of Mis18 complex nor centromere loading of CENP-A...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
Ewelina Zasadzińska, Daniel R Foltz
Centromeres are chromosomal loci that are defined epigenetically in most eukaryotes by incorporation of a centromere-specific nucleosome in which the canonical histone H3 variant is replaced by Centromere Protein A (CENP-A). Therefore, the assembly and propagation of centromeric nucleosomes are critical for maintaining centromere identify and ensuring genomic stability. Centromeres direct chromosome segregation (during mitosis and meiosis) by recruiting the constitutive centromere-associated network of proteins throughout the cell cycle that in turn recruits the kinetochore during mitosis...
2017: Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology
Chenchao Gao, Lauren Langbein, Fariha Kamal, Anuja A George, Nancy C Walworth
Eukaryotic chromosome segregation requires a protein complex known as the kinetochore that mediates attachment between mitotic spindle microtubules and centromere-specific nucleosomes composed of the widely conserved histone variant CENP-A. Mutations in kinetochore proteins of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe lead to chromosome missegregation such that daughter cells emerge from mitosis with unequal DNA content. We find that multiple copies of Msc1-a fission yeast homolog of the KDM5 family of proteins-suppresses the temperature-sensitive growth defect of several kinetochore mutants, including mis16 and mis18 , as well as mis6 , mis15 , and mis17 , components of the Constitutive Centromere Associated Network (CCAN)...
October 2017: Genetics
Bradley T French, Frederick G Westhorpe, Charles Limouse, Aaron F Straight
Vertebrate centromeres are epigenetically defined by nucleosomes containing the histone H3 variant, CENP-A. CENP-A nucleosome assembly requires the three-protein Mis18 complex (Mis18α, Mis18β, and M18BP1) that recruits the CENP-A chaperone HJURP to centromeres, but how the Mis18 complex recognizes centromeric chromatin is unknown. Using Xenopus egg extract, we show that direct, cell-cycle-regulated binding of M18BP1 to CENP-A nucleosomes recruits the Mis18 complex to interphase centromeres to promote new CENP-A nucleosome assembly...
July 24, 2017: Developmental Cell
Tetsuya Hori, Wei-Hao Shang, Masatoshi Hara, Mariko Ariyoshi, Yasuhiro Arimura, Risa Fujita, Hitoshi Kurumizaka, Tatsuo Fukagawa
Centromeres are specified and maintained by sequence-independent epigenetic mechanisms through the incorporation of CENP-A into centromeres. Given that CENP-A incorporation requires the Mis18 complex to be in the centromere region, it is necessary to precisely understand how the Mis18 complex localizes to the centromere region. Here, we showed that centromere localization of the Mis18 complex depends on CENP-A, but not CENP-C or CENP-T, in chicken DT40 cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that M18BP1/KNL2, a member of the Mis18 complex, contained the CENP-C-like motif in chicken and other vertebrates, which is essential for centromere localization and M18BP1/KNL2 function in DT40 cells...
July 24, 2017: Developmental Cell
Frances Spiller, Bethan Medina-Pritchard, Maria Alba Abad, Martin A Wear, Oscar Molina, William C Earnshaw, A Arockia Jeyaprakash
The centromere, a chromosomal locus that acts as a microtubule attachment site, is epigenetically specified by the enrichment of CENP-A nucleosomes. Centromere maintenance during the cell cycle requires HJURP-mediated CENP-A deposition, a process regulated by the Mis18 complex (Mis18α/Mis18β/Mis18BP1). Spatial and temporal regulation of Mis18 complex assembly is crucial for its centromere association and function. Here, we provide the molecular basis for the assembly and regulation of the Mis18 complex. We show that the N-terminal region of Mis18BP1 spanning amino acid residues 20-130 directly interacts with Mis18α/β to form the Mis18 complex...
June 2017: EMBO Reports
Dongqing Pan, Kerstin Klare, Arsen Petrovic, Annika Take, Kai Walstein, Priyanka Singh, Arnaud Rondelet, Alexander W Bird, Andrea Musacchio
Centromeres are unique chromosomal loci that promote the assembly of kinetochores, macromolecular complexes that bind spindle microtubules during mitosis. In most organisms, centromeres lack defined genetic features. Rather, they are specified epigenetically by a centromere-specific histone H3 variant, CENP-A. The Mis18 complex, comprising the Mis18α:Mis18β subcomplex and M18BP1, is crucial for CENP-A homeostasis. It recruits the CENP-A-specific chaperone HJURP to centromeres and primes it for CENP-A loading...
January 6, 2017: ELife
Koog Chan Park, Minkyoung Lee, Yoon Jeon, Raok Jeon, Sung Hee Baek, Ho Lee, Keun Il Kim
The Mis18 proteins (Mis18α, Mis18β, and M18BP1) are pivotal to the deposition of CENP-A at the centromere during cell cycle progression and are indispensable for embryonic development. Here, we show that Mis18α is critical for the proliferation of keratinocytes and stratification of the epidermis. Mice lacking Mis18α in the epidermis died shortly after birth, showing skin abnormalities like thin and translucent skin and defective skin barrier functions. The epidermis of newborn Mis18α-deficient mice lacked distinct stratification and mature hair follicles, with a reduction in the number of proliferating cells and increased cell death in the basal layer...
February 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Jun-Ichirou Ohzeki, Nobuaki Shono, Koichiro Otake, Nuno M C Martins, Kazuto Kugou, Hiroshi Kimura, Takahiro Nagase, Vladimir Larionov, William C Earnshaw, Hiroshi Masumoto
Centromere chromatin containing histone H3 variant CENP-A is required for accurate chromosome segregation as a foundation for kinetochore assembly. Human centromere chromatin assembles on a part of the long α-satellite (alphoid) DNA array, where it is flanked by pericentric heterochromatin. Heterochromatin spreads into adjacent chromatin and represses gene expression, and it can antagonize centromere function or CENP-A assembly. Here, we demonstrate an interaction between CENP-A assembly factor M18BP1 and acetyltransferase KAT7/HBO1/MYST2...
June 6, 2016: Developmental Cell
Jason Palladino, Barbara G Mellone
Heterochromatin is incompatible with centromeric chromatin assembly and propagation. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Ohzeki et al. (2016) reveal that a critical role of the Mis18 complex is to transiently recruit the lysine acetyltransferase KAT7 to centromeres to facilitate the removal of H3K9me3 and the deposition of CENP-A.
June 6, 2016: Developmental Cell
Madison E Stellfox, Isaac K Nardi, Christina M Knippler, Daniel R Foltz
The Mis18 complex specifies the site of new CENP-A nucleosome assembly by recruiting the CENP-A-specific assembly factor HJURP (Holliday junction recognition protein). The human Mis18 complex consists of Mis18α, Mis18β, and Mis18 binding protein 1 (Mis18BP1/hsKNL2). Although Mis18α and Mis18β are highly homologous proteins, we find that their conserved YIPPEE domains mediate distinct interactions that are essential to link new CENP-A deposition to existing centromeres. We find that Mis18α directly interacts with the N terminus of Mis18BP1, whereas Mis18β directly interacts with CENP-C during G1 phase, revealing that these proteins have evolved to serve distinct functions in centromeres of higher eukaryotes...
June 7, 2016: Cell Reports
Sara Weirich, Srikanth Kudithipudi, Albert Jeltsch
The SUV4-20H1 and SUV4-20H2 enzymes methylate histone H4 at K20, and they have overlapping and distinct biological effects. Here, by in vitro methylation studies we confirmed that both the murine SUV4-20H enzymes strongly favor the monomethylated H4K20 peptide substrate. We also show that both enzymes only generate dimethylated H4K20 products. We determined the substrate sequence recognition motif of both enzymes using SPOT peptide arrays showing that SUV4-20H1 recognizes an (RY)-Kme1-(IVLM)-(LFI)-X-D sequence...
June 5, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
Isaac K Nardi, Ewelina Zasadzińska, Madison E Stellfox, Christina M Knippler, Daniel R Foltz
Centromeres are specialized chromatin domains specified by the centromere-specific CENP-A nucleosome. The stable inheritance of vertebrate centromeres is an epigenetic process requiring deposition of new CENP-A nucleosomes by HJURP. We show HJURP is recruited to centromeres through a direct interaction between the HJURP centromere targeting domain and the Mis18α-β C-terminal coiled-coil domains. We demonstrate Mis18α and Mis18β form a heterotetramer through their C-terminal coiled-coil domains. Mis18α-β heterotetramer formation is required for Mis18BP1 binding and centromere recognition...
March 3, 2016: Molecular Cell
Lakxmi Subramanian, Bethan Medina-Pritchard, Rachael Barton, Frances Spiller, Raghavendran Kulasegaran-Shylini, Guoda Radaviciute, Robin C Allshire, A Arockia Jeyaprakash
Mis18 is a key regulator responsible for the centromere localization of the CENP-A chaperone Scm3 in Schizosaccharomyces pombe and HJURP in humans, which establishes CENP-A chromatin that defines centromeres. The molecular and structural determinants of Mis18 centromere targeting remain elusive. Here, by combining structural, biochemical, and yeast genetic studies, we show that the oligomerization of S. pombe Mis18, mediated via its conserved N-terminal Yippee-like domain, is crucial for its centromere localization and function...
April 2016: EMBO Reports
Sojin An, Hanseong Kim, Uhn-Soo Cho
CENP-A is a centromere-specific histone H3 variant that is required for kinetochore assembly and accurate chromosome segregation. For it to function properly, CENP-A must be specifically localized to centromeres. In fission yeast, Scm3sp and the Mis18 complex, composed of Mis16, Eic1, and Mis18, function as a CENP-A(Cnp1)-specific chaperone and a recruiting factor, respectively, and together ensure accurate delivery of CENP-A(Cnp1) to centromeres. Although how Scm3sp specifically recognizes CENP-A(Cnp1) has been revealed recently, the recruiting mechanism of CENP-A(Cnp1) via the Mis18 complex remains unknown...
October 9, 2015: Journal of Molecular Biology
Marinela Perpelescu, Tetsuya Hori, Atsushi Toyoda, Sadahiko Misu, Norikazu Monma, Kazuho Ikeo, Chikashi Obuse, Asao Fujiyama, Tatsuo Fukagawa
The CENP-A-specific chaperone HJURP mediates CENP-A deposition at centromeres. The N-terminal region of HJURP is responsible for binding to soluble CENP-A. However, it is unclear whether other regions of HJURP have additional functions for centromere formation and maintenance. In this study, we generated chicken DT40 knockout cell lines and gene replacement constructs for HJURP to assess the additional functions of HJURP in vivo. Our analysis revealed that the middle region of HJURP associates with the Mis18 complex protein M18BP1/KNL2 and that the HJURP-M18BP1 association is required for HJURP function...
August 1, 2015: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Andrei N Lupas, Hongbo Zhu, Mateusz Korycinski
Despite having caused one of the greatest medical catastrophies of the last century through its teratogenic side-effects, thalidomide continues to be an important agent in the treatment of leprosy and cancer. The protein cereblon, which forms an E3 ubiquitin ligase compex together with damaged DNA-binding protein 1 (DDB1) and cullin 4A, has been recently indentified as a primary target of thalidomide and its C-terminal part as responsible for binding thalidomide within a domain carrying several invariant cysteine and tryptophan residues...
January 2015: PLoS Computational Biology
Meghan C Barnhart-Dailey, Daniel R Foltz
The Mis18 complex is a critical player in determining when and where centromeres are built. A new study identifies Polo-like kinase (Plk1) as a positive regulator required for the localization of Mis18 to centromeres. This is a critical step that is essential for proper centromere function and maintaining the integrity of the genome.
September 8, 2014: Current Biology: CB
Kara L McKinley, Iain M Cheeseman
To ensure the stable transmission of the genome during vertebrate cell division, the mitotic spindle must attach to a single locus on each chromosome, termed the centromere. The fundamental requirement for faithful centromere inheritance is the controlled deposition of the centromere-specifying histone, CENP-A. However, the regulatory mechanisms that ensure the precise control of CENP-A deposition have proven elusive. Here, we identify polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) as a centromere-localized regulator required to initiate CENP-A deposition in human cells...
July 17, 2014: Cell
Lakxmi Subramanian, Nicholas R T Toda, Juri Rappsilber, Robin C Allshire
CENP-A chromatin forms the foundation for kinetochore assembly. Replication-independent incorporation of CENP-A at centromeres depends on its chaperone HJURP(Scm3), and Mis18 in vertebrates and fission yeast. The recruitment of Mis18 and HJURP(Scm3) to centromeres is cell cycle regulated. Vertebrate Mis18 associates with Mis18BP1(KNL2), which is critical for the recruitment of Mis18 and HJURP(Scm3). We identify two novel fission yeast Mis18-interacting proteins (Eic1 and Eic2), components of the Mis18 complex...
April 30, 2014: Open Biology
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