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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544897/size-resolved-aerosol-water-soluble-ions-during-the-summer-and-winter-seasons-in-beijing-formation-mechanisms-of-secondary-inorganic-aerosols
#1
Zirui Liu, Yuzhu Xie, Bo Hu, Tianxue Wen, Jinyuan Xin, Xingru Li, Yuesi Wang
Size-segregated water-soluble ionic species (WSIs) were measured using an Anderson cascade impactor from Jul. to Aug. 2008 and from Dec. 2009 to Feb. 2010 in urban Beijing. The results showed that fine particles (PM2.1, Dp < 2.1 μm) accounted for ∼49% (summer) and ∼34% (winter) of the total particulate mass, and WSIs accounted for 23-82% of the mass concentration of PM2.1. Secondary inorganic aerosols (SIAs, the sum of SO4(2-), NO3(-) and NH4(+)) accounted for more than 30% of the fine particles, which were greatly elevated during particle pollution events (PM events), thereby leading to an alteration of the size distributions of SO4(2-) and NO3(-) to nearly single fine-mode distributions peaking at 0...
May 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544330/%C3%AE-radical-phosphines-synthesis-structure-and-reactivity
#2
Manuel Alcarazo, Lianghu Gu, Yiying Zheng, Estela Haldón, Richard Goddard, Eckhard Bill, Walter Thiel
A series of phosphines featuring a persistent radical were synthesized in two steps by condensation of dialkyl-/diarylchlorophosphines with stable cyclic (alkyl)(amino)carbenes (cAACs) followed by one-electron reduction of the corresponding cationic intermediates. Structural, spectroscopic and computational data indicate that the spin density in these phosphines is mainly localized on the original carbene carbon from the cAAC fragment; thus, it remains in the α-position to the central phosphorus. The potential of these α-radical phosphines to serve as spin-labeled ligands is demonstrated through the preparation of several Au(I) derivatives, which were also structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction...
May 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543928/li12p3n9-with-non-condensed-p3n9-12-rings-and-its-high-pressure-polymorph-li4pn3-with-infinite-chains-of-pn4-tetrahedra
#3
Wolfgang Schnick, Robin Niklaus, Eva-Maria Bertschler
Li12P3N9 was synthesized by solid-state reaction of Li3N and P3N5 at 790 °C. It is made up of non-condensed [P3N9]12- dreier-rings of PN4-tetrahedra. The high-pressure polymorph Li4PN3 of the latter was synthesized under high-pressure/high-temperature conditions from Li12P3N9 or LiPN2 and Li7PN4 at 6 or 7 GPa, respectively, using multianvil technique. Li4PN3 is the first lithium catena-nitridophosphate and contains PN3 zweier-chains of corner sharing PN4-tetrahedra. To confirm the structure elucidated from single-crystal X-ray data, Rietveld refinement, 6Li, 7Li and 31P solid-state NMR, FTIR spectroscopy and EDX measurements were carried out...
May 23, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543821/synthesis-of-a-single-crystalline-macroporous-layered-silicate-from-macroporous-utl-type-zeolite-and-its-accelerated-intercalation
#4
Yusuke Asakura, Naoki Kawaura, Yoshiyuki Kuroda, Masakazu Koike, Hiroaki Wada, Atsushi Shimojima, Kazuyuki Kuroda
A single-crystalline macroporous layered silicate was obtained for the first time. Firstly, UTL-type zeolite with macropores was prepared hydrothermally under the presence of acetylene black as a macropore template and the subsequent calcination to remove the template. Double four-membered ring (d4r) units in the UTL framework were selectively dissolved to yield a layered silicate with macropores. Intercalation of tetrabutylammonium ions into the macroporous layered silicate is accelerated if compared with that into the same silicate without macropores, indicating the effectiveness of macropores due to easy diffusion...
May 25, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543092/effect-of-ultrasonic-and-sonic-activation-of-root-canal-sealers-on-the-push-out-bond-strength-and-interfacial-adaptation-to-root-canal-dentine
#5
P E B Wiesse, R D Pereira, Y C T Silva-Sousa, C Estrela, M D Sousa-Neto, J D Pécora
AIM: To evaluate the effect of ultrasonic and sonic activation of two root canal sealers on interfacial adaptation and push-out bond strength (BS) to root canal dentine. METHODOLOGY: The root canals of seventy-eight roots of maxillary canines was prepared with Ni-Ti rotary instruments under irrigation with 2.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA. Canals were filled by lateral condensation of gutta-percha and AH Plus (n=39) or MTA Fillapex (n=39). Three subgroups (n=13) were formed according to sealer activation: no activation (NA), sonic activation (SA, 20 s) and ultrasonic activation (US, 20 s)...
May 22, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542488/dissecting-the-old-mediterranean-durum-wheat-genetic-architecture-for-phenology-biomass-and-yield-formation-by-association-mapping-and-qtl-meta-analysis
#6
Jose Miguel Soriano, Marcos Malosetti, Martina Roselló, Mark Earl Sorrells, Conxita Royo
Association mapping was used to identify genome regions affecting yield formation, crop phenology and crop biomass in a collection of 172 durum wheat landraces representative of the genetic diversity of ancient local durum varieties from the Mediterranean Basin. The collection was genotyped with 1,149 DArT markers and phenotyped in Spanish northern and southern locations during three years. A total of 245 significant marker trait associations (MTAs) (P<0.01) were detected. Some of these associations confirmed previously identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) and/or candidate genes, and others are reported for the first time here...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542368/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-characterization-of-ddrc-a-dna-damage-response-protein-in-deinococcus-radiodurans-bacterium
#7
Claire Bouthier de la Tour, Martine Mathieu, Laura Meyer, Pauline Dupaigne, Fanny Passot, Pascale Servant, Suzanne Sommer, Eric Le Cam, Fabrice Confalonieri
The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans possesses a set of Deinococcus-specific genes highly induced after DNA damage. Among them, ddrC (dr0003) was recently re-annotated, found to be in the inverse orientation and called A2G07_00380. Here, we report the first in vivo and in vitro characterization of the corrected DdrC protein to better understand its function in irradiated cells. In vivo, the ΔddrC null mutant is sensitive to high doses of UV radiation and the ddrC deletion significantly increases UV-sensitivity of ΔuvrA or ΔuvsE mutant strains...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542354/the-toxic-effects-and-possible-mechanisms-of-brusatol-on-mouse-oocytes
#8
Rujun Ma, Hongru Li, Yu Zhang, Ying Lin, Xuhua Qiu, Min Xie, Bing Yao
Brusatol is a natural quassinoid that shows a potential therapeutic use in cancer models by the inhibition of Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and is capable of inducing a variety of biological effects. The effects of Brusatol on oocyte meiosis has not been addressed. In this study, we investigated the impact of Brusatol treatment on mouse oocyte maturation and its possible mechanism. Our data demonstrated that Brusatol treatment disrupted oocyte maturation and spindle/chromosome organization by modulating Nrf2-Cyclin B1 pathway, as the influence of Brusatol was compensated by the addition of Nrf2 activation plasmid, and the mRNA and protein levels of Cyclin B1 were severely reduced in oocytes following Nrf2 decline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541773/induction-of-salivary-gland-like-cells-from-dental-follicle-epithelial-cells
#9
Q L Xu, A Furuhashi, Q Z Zhang, C M Jiang, T-H Chang, A D Le
The dental follicle (DF), most often associated with unerupted teeth, is a condensation of ectomesenchymal cells that surrounds the tooth germ in early stages of tooth development. In the present study, we aim to isolate epithelial stem-like cells from the human DF and explore their potential differentiation into salivary gland (SG) cells. We demonstrated the expression of stem cell-related genes in the epithelial components of human DF tissues, and these epithelial progenitor cells could be isolated and ex vivo expanded in a reproducible manner...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541694/metal-organic-frameworks-for-heterogeneous-basic-catalysis
#10
Li Zhu, Xiao-Qin Liu, Hai-Long Jiang, Lin-Bing Sun
Great attention has been given to metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-derived solid bases because of their attractive structure and catalytic performance in various organic reactions. The extraordinary skeleton structure of MOFs provides many possibilities for incorporation of diverse basic functionalities, which is unachievable for conventional solid bases. The past decade has witnessed remarkable advances in this vibrant research area; however, MOFs for heterogeneous basic catalysis have never been reviewed until now...
May 25, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541662/in-operando-quantification-of-three-dimensional-water-distribution-in-nanoporous-carbon-based-layers-in-polymer-electrolyte-membrane-fuel-cells
#11
Saad Alrwashdeh, Ingo Manke, Henning Markötter, Merle Klages, Martin Göbel, Jan Haußmann, Joachim Scholta, John Banhart
Understanding the function of nanoporous materials employed in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) is crucial to improve their performance, durability and cost efficiency. Up to now, the water distribution in the nm-sized pore structures was hardly accessible during operation of the cells. Here we demonstrate that phase contrast synchrotron X-ray tomography allows for an in-operando quantification of the three-dimensional water distribution within the nm-sized pores of carbon-based micro porous layers (MPLs)...
May 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541353/pendant-chain-engineering-to-fine-tune-the-nanomorphologies-and-solid-state-luminescence-of-naphthalimide-aieegens-application-to-phenolic-nitro-explosive-detection-in-water
#12
Niranjan Meher, Parameswar Krishnan Iyer
Strategically, a series of five angular "V" shaped naphthalimide AIEEgens with varying pendant chains (butyl, hexyl, octyl, cyclohexyl and methylcyclohexyl) have been synthesized to fine-tune their nanomorphological and photophysical properties. With similar aromatic cores and electronic states, unexpected tuning of the condensed state emission colors and nanomorphologies (reproducible on any kind of surface) of naphthalimides has been achieved for the first time simply by varying their side chains. Conclusive analysis by various spectroscopic techniques (SC-XRD, powder-XRD, DLS, FESEM) and DFT computational studies confirmed the full control of the pendant chain (in terms of bulkiness around the naphthalimide core, which restricts the ease of intermolecular π-π interactions) over the nanoaggregate morphology and solid state emissive properties of the AIEEgens; this can be rationalized to all aggregation-prone systems...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541055/room-temperature-polariton-lasing-in-all-inorganic-perovskite-nanoplatelets
#13
Rui Su, Carole Diederichs, Jun Wang, Timothy C H Liew, Jiaxin Zhao, Sheng Liu, Weigao Xu, Zhanghai Chen, Qihua Xiong
Polariton lasing is the coherent emission arising from a macroscopic polariton condensate first proposed in 1996. Over the past two decades, polariton lasing has been demonstrated in a few inorganic and organic semiconductors in both low and room temperatures. Polariton lasing in inorganic materials significantly relies on sophisticated epitaxial growth of crystalline gain medium layers sandwiched by two distributed Bragg reflectors in which combating the built-in strain and mismatched thermal properties is nontrivial...
May 25, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539972/site-specific-regulation-of-histone-h1-phosphorylation-in-pluripotent-cell-differentiation
#14
Ruiqi Liao, Craig A Mizzen
BACKGROUND: Structural variation among histone H1 variants confers distinct modes of chromatin binding that are important for differential regulation of chromatin condensation, gene expression and other processes. Changes in the expression and genomic distributions of H1 variants during cell differentiation appear to contribute to phenotypic differences between cell types, but few details are known about the roles of individual H1 variants and the significance of their disparate capacities for phosphorylation...
2017: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539702/one-step-synthesis-of-hierarchical-zsm-5-using-cetyltrimethylammonium-as-mesoporogen-and-structure-directing-agent
#15
Lingqian Meng, Brahim Mezari, Maarten G Goesten, Emiel J M Hensen
Hierarchical ZSM-5 zeolite is hydrothermally synthesized in a single step with cetyltrimethylammonium (CTA) hydroxide acting as mesoporogen and structure-directing agent. Essential to this synthesis is the replacement of NaOH with KOH. An in-depth solid-state NMR study reveals that, after early electrostatic interaction between condensed silica and the head group of CTA, ZSM-5 crystallizes around the structure-directing agent. The crucial aspect of using KOH instead of NaOH lies in the faster dissolution of silica, thereby providing sufficient nutrients for zeolite nucleation...
May 9, 2017: Chemistry of Materials: a Publication of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539701/adsorptive-water-removal-from-dichloromethane-and-vapor-phase-regeneration-of-a-molecular-sieve-3a-packed-bed
#16
Slaviša Jović, Yashasvi Laxminarayan, Jos Keurentjes, Jaap Schouten, John van der Schaaf
The drying of dichloromethane with a molecular sieve 3A packed bed process is modeled and experimentally verified. In the process, the dichloromethane is dried in the liquid phase and the adsorbent is regenerated by water desorption with dried dichloromethane product in the vapor phase. Adsorption equilibrium experiments show that dichloromethane does not compete with water adsorption, because of size exclusion; the pure water vapor isotherm from literature provides an accurate representation of the experiments...
May 3, 2017: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539648/three-dimensionally-conformal-porous-microstructured-fabrics-via-breath-figures-a-nature-inspired-approach-for-novel-surface-modification-of-textiles
#17
Jianliang Gong, Bingang Xu, Xiaoming Tao
Breath figures (BFs) are a kind of water droplet arrays that can be formed by condensing aqueous vapor onto a cold surface, such as dewy phenomenon on a spider web. This study developed a BF-inspired approach for direct introduction of desired materials onto the textile surfaces with three-dimensionally conformal porous microstructures by the evaporation of solution-coated fabric under high humidity environment, which brings a brand-new kind of modified textiles, three-dimensionally conformal porous microstructured fabrics (CPMFs)...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539580/tunable-polarons-in-bose-einstein-condensates
#18
E Compagno, G De Chiara, D G Angelakis, G M Palma
A toolbox for the quantum simulation of polarons in ultracold atoms is presented. Motivated by the impressive experimental advances in the area of ultracold atomic mixtures, we theoretically study the problem of ultracold atomic impurities immersed in a Bose-Einstein condensate mixture (BEC). The coupling between impurity and BEC gives rise to the formation of polarons whose mutual interaction can be effectively tuned using an external laser driving a quasi-resonant Raman transition between the BEC components...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539453/epigenetic-metabolite-acetate-inhibits-class-i-ii-histone-deacetylases-promotes-histone-acetylation-and-increases-hiv-1-integration-in-cd4-t-cells
#19
Jean-François Bolduc, Laurent Hany, Corinne Barat, Michel Ouellet, Michel J Tremblay
In this study, we investigated the effect of acetate, the most concentrated short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) in the gut and bloodstream, on the susceptibility of primary human CD4(+) T cells to HIV-1 infection. We report that HIV-1 replication is increased in CD3/CD28-costimulated CD4(+) T cells upon acetate treatment. This enhancing effect correlates with an increased expression of the early activation marker CD69 and impaired class I/II histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity. In addition, acetate enhances acetylation of histones H3 and H4 and augments HIV-1 integration in the genome of CD4(+) T cells...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539436/nontrivial-berry-phase-in-magnetic-bamnsb2-semimetal
#20
Silu Huang, Jisun Kim, W A Shelton, E W Plummer, Rongying Jin
The subject of topological materials has attracted immense attention in condensed-matter physics because they host new quantum states of matter containing Dirac, Majorana, or Weyl fermions. Although Majorana fermions can only exist on the surface of topological superconductors, Dirac and Weyl fermions can be realized in both 2D and 3D materials. The latter are semimetals with Dirac/Weyl cones either not tilted (type I) or tilted (type II). Although both Dirac and Weyl fermions have massless nature with the nontrivial Berry phase, the formation of Weyl fermions in 3D semimetals require either time-reversal or inversion symmetry breaking to lift degeneracy at Dirac points...
May 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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