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Abdominal aortic aneurysms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679024/cysteine-protease-cathepsins-in-cardiovascular-disease-from-basic-research-to-clinical-trials
#1
REVIEW
Cong-Lin Liu, Junli Guo, Xian Zhang, Galina K Sukhova, Peter Libby, Guo-Ping Shi
Cysteine protease cathepsins have traditionally been considered as lysosome-restricted proteases that mediate proteolysis of unwanted proteins. However, studies from the past decade demonstrate that these proteases are localized not only in acidic compartments (endosomes and lysosomes), where they participate in intracellular protein degradation, but also in the extracellular milieu, plasma membrane, cytosol, nucleus, and nuclear membrane, where they mediate extracellular matrix protein degradation, cell signalling, and protein processing and trafficking through the plasma and nuclear membranes and between intracellular organelles...
April 20, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678652/octogenarians-undergoing-open-repair-have-higher-mortality-compared-to-fenestrated-endovascular-repair-of-intact-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-involving-the-visceral-vessels
#2
Satinderjit Locham, Muhammad Faateh, Hanaa Dakour Aridi, Besma Nejim, Mahmoud Malas
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown that octogenarians have a higher risk of mortality compared to non-octogenarians undergoing open (OAR) and endovascular (EVAR) abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. Fenestrated-endovascular repair (F-EVAR) was approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2012 and has been populated as a less invasive approach to treat patients with suboptimal neck anatomy with favorable outcomes compared to traditional OAR. The aim of the study is to compare 30-day outcomes of F-EVAR vs...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675441/acute-bilateral-lower-extremity-paralysis-secondary-to-acute-thrombosis-of-an-infrarenal-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#3
T Joseph Watson, W Kurtis Childers, Lindsey Haga, John Calaitges
We present the case of a 64-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with bilateral limb ischemia and paralysis for approximately 1 hour. Computed tomographic angiography demonstrated occlusion of the infrarenal aorta beginning just above the patient's known abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and extending into both common iliac arteries. He was emergently treated via open repair of the AAA with a Gore-Tex tube graft, bilateral common iliac thrombectomies, and bilateral lower extremity four-compartment fasciotomies...
June 2017: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673584/a-30-minutes-supraceliac-aortic-clamping-in-the-rat-causes-death-due-to-an-inflammatory-response-and-pulmonary-lesions
#4
Antoine Monnot, Anaïs Dumesnil, Sylvanie Renet, Marie Laurence Roquet, Vincent Richard, Didier Plissonnier
BACKGROUND: The treatment of thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms through an open approach has general and pulmonary consequences of multiple etiologies. Our assumption was that the supraceliac aortic clamping needed for this operation causes a systemic inflammatory response associated with a pulmonary attack. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We developed a model of 30 min supraceliac aortic clamping in Wistar rats weighing 300 g. After 90 min of reperfusion the rats were sacrificed...
April 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673298/initial-clinical-experience-using-the-low-profile-altura-endograft-system-with-double-d-shaped-proximal-stents-for-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#5
Dainis Krievins, Albrecht Krämer, Janis Savlovskis, Georgij Oszkinis, E Sebastian Debus, Alexander Oberhuber, Christopher K Zarins
PURPOSE: To report the initial clinical results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using the low-profile (14-F) Altura Endograft System, which features a double "D-shaped" stent design with suprarenal fixation and modular iliac components that are deployed from distal to proximal. METHODS: From 2011 to 2015, 90 patients (mean age 72.8±8.3 years; 79 men) with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA; mean diameter 53.8±5.7 mm) were treated at 10 clinical sites in 2 prospective, controlled clinical studies using the Altura endograft...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673292/relationship-between-inflammation-and-progression-of-an-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-a-rabbit-model-based-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging
#6
Mao-Xiao Nie, Xue-Hui Zhang, Yun-Feng Yan, Quan-Ming Zhao
Objective To explore the relationship between abdominal aortic aneurysm development and inflammation in the rabbit through the establishment of a rabbit infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm model and the use of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging. Methods Twenty male New Zealand rabbits were administered an elastase intracavity perfusion to induce an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm model. Prior to surgery, the rabbits underwent abdominal aorta ultrasonic testing and blood collection from the ear veins. Of the original 20 rabbits, 10 rabbits were euthanized two weeks after the operation following ultrasonic testing, PET/CT scanning and blood collection, and their arterial tissue samples were prepared for pathological and immunohistochemical staining...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672411/the-weekend-effect-in-aaa-repair
#7
Thomas F X O'Donnell, Chun Li, Nicholas J Swerdlow, Patric Liang, Alexander B Pothof, Virendra I Patel, Kristina A Giles, Mahmoud B Malas, Marc L Schermerhorn
BACKGROUND: Conflicting reports exist regarding whether patients undergoing surgery on the weekend or later in the week experience worse outcomes. METHODS: We identified patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in the Vascular Quality Initiative between 2009 and 2017 [n = 38,498; 30,537 endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and 7961 open repair]. We utilized mixed effects logistic regression to compare adjusted rates of perioperative mortality based on the day of repair...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669788/h19-induces-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-development-and-progression
#8
Daniel Y Li, Albert Busch, Hong Jin, Ekaterina Chernogubova, Jaroslav Pelisek, Joakim Karlsson, Bengt Sennblad, Shengliang Liu, Shen Lao, Patrick Hofmann, Alexandra Bäcklund, Suzanne M Eken, Joy Roy, Per Eriksson, Brian Dacken, Deepak Ramanujam, Anne Dueck, Stefan Engelhardt, Reinier A Boon, Hans-Henning Eckstein, Joshua M Spin, Philip S Tsao, Lars Maegdefessel
Background -Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as critical molecular regulators in various biological processes and diseases. Here we sought to identify and functionally characterize lncRNAs as potential mediators in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) development. Methods -We profiled RNA transcript expression in two murine AAA models, Angiotensin II (ANGII) infusion in ApoE-/- mice ( n =8) and porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) instillation in C57BL/6 wildtype mice ( n =12). The lncRNA H19 was identified as one of the most highly up-regulated transcripts in both mouse aneurysm models compared to sham-operated controls...
April 18, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666905/balloon-occluded-carbon-dioxide-gas-angiography-for-internal-iliac-arteriography-and-intervention
#9
Mitsuhiro Kishino, Shuichiro Nakaminato, Yoshio Kitazume, Naoyuki Miyasaka, Toshifumi Kudo, Yukihisa Saida, Ukihide Tateishi
INTRODUCTION: The usefulness of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) gas digital subtraction angiography (DSA) has been reported for patients with renal insufficiency and allergy to iodinated contrast agents. However, CO2 gas cannot replace the iodinated contrast agent in all cases owing to some disadvantages. We describe balloon-occluded CO2 DSA (B-CO2 DSA) as an improved CO2 DSA procedure for interventions in the internal iliac artery (IIA) region and compare the quality of images obtained using conventional CO2 DSA and B-CO2 DSA...
April 17, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665666/-early-results-of-fenestrated-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-thoracoabdominal-pathologies
#10
J C Zhu, X C Dai, Y D Luo, H L Fan, Z Feng, Y W Zhang, F G Hu
Objective: To evaluate the early results of fenestrated endovascular aortic repair (FEVAR) using physician-modified stent grafts (PMSGs) for the treatment of patients with thoracoabdominal pathologies. Methods: Nineteen consecutive patients who underwent FEVAR using PMSGs between April 2012 and September 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The modality of FEVAR technique was assessed, perioperative clinical data was recorded and the early results were evaluated. Results: Indications were thoracoabdominal aortic pathologies, including juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (JAAA) ( n =12), chronic thoracoabdominal aortic dissection with aneurysmal dilatation ( n =3), thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) ( n =1), infrarenal AAA with an accessory renal artery in the segment of the aneurysmal neck ( n =2) and type Ⅰ endoleak after EVAR for AAA( n =1)...
March 27, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661934/nut-consumption-and-incidence-of-seven-cardiovascular-diseases
#11
Susanna C Larsson, Nikola Drca, Martin Björck, Magnus Bäck, Alicja Wolk
BACKGROUND: Nut consumption has been found to be inversely associated with cardiovascular disease mortality, but the association between nut consumption and incidence of specific cardiovascular diseases is unclear. We examined the association between nut consumption and incidence of seven cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: This prospective study included 61 364 Swedish adults who had completed a Food Frequency Questionnaire and were followed up for 17 years through linkage with the Swedish National Patient and Death Registers...
April 16, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661408/cerebrospinal-fluid-drain-related-complications-in-patients-undergoing-open-and-endovascular-repairs-of-thoracic-and-thoraco-abdominal-aortic-pathologies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
L Q Rong, M K Kamel, M Rahouma, R S White, A D Lichtman, K O Pryor, L N Girardi, M Gaudino
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal-fluid (CSF) drainage is recommended by current guidelines for spinal protection during open and endovascular repairs of thoracic and thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms. In the published literature, great variability exists in the rate of CSF-related complications and morbidity. Herein, we perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on the incidence of CSF drainage-related complications, and compare the complication rates between open and endovascular repairs...
May 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658561/plasma-cholesterol-lowering-in-an-angii%C3%A2-infused-atherosclerotic-mouse-model-with-moderate-hypercholesterolemia
#13
Aránzazu Rossignoli, Emina Vorkapic, Anders Wanhainen, Toste Länne, Josefin Skogberg, Erika Folestad, Dick Wågsäter
Atherosclerosis is the main underlying causes of cardiovascular disease. There is a well‑established association between high blood cholesterol levels and the extent of atherosclerosis. Furthermore, atherosclerosis has been proposed to augment abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation. As patients with AAA often have parallel atherosclerotic disease and are therefore often on cholesterol‑lowering therapy, it is not possible to fully address the independent effects of plasma cholesterol lowering (PCL) treatment on AAA...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657953/factors-affecting-follow-up-compliance-in-patients-after-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#14
Patrick T Jasinski, Nicos Labropoulos, Olympia G Christoforatos, Apostolos K Tassiopoulos
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate potential factors affecting patient non-compliance after endovascular aneurysm repair. Method: We performed a retrospective review of patients undergoing elective or emergency endovascular repair for thoracic, abdominal aorta, or iliac artery aneurysm at a single institution from November 2007 to March 2014. Compliance to follow-up at 1, 6, and 12 months was assessed. Factors evaluated included patient demographics, size of aneurysm, distance between the patient's residence and outpatient clinic, urgency of surgery, and time of year in which the follow-up visits were scheduled...
October 2017: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656960/circulating-vascular-basement-membrane-fragments-are-associated-with-the-diameter-of-the-abdominal-aorta-and-their-expression-pattern-is-altered-in-aaa-tissue
#15
Mari Holsti, Anders Wanhainen, Christina Lundin, Martin Björck, Gustaf Tegler, Johan Svensson, Malin Sund
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is characterised by enhanced proteolytic activity, and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling in the vascular wall. Type IV and XVIII collagen/endostatin are structural proteins in vascular basement membrane (VBM), a specialised ECM structure. Here the association between plasma levels of these collagens with the aortic diameter and expansion rate is studied, and their expression in aortic tissue characterised. METHODS: This was a retrospective population based cohort study...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656303/spondylodiscitis-following-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-imaging-perspectives-from-a-single-centre-s-experience
#16
Ramin Mandegaran, Christopher S W Tang, Erlick A C Pereira, Ali Zavareh
OBJECTIVE: Very few reports have previously described spondylodiscitis as a potential complication of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). We present to our knowledge the first case series of spondylodiscitis following EVAR based on our institution's experience over an 11-year period. Particular attention is paid to the key imaging features and challenges encountered when performing spinal imaging in this complex patient group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1,847 patients who underwent EVAR at our institution between January 2006 and January 2017, a total of 9 patients were identified with imaging features of spondylodiscitis (0...
April 14, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656146/genetics-of-the-extracellular-matrix-in-aortic-aneurysmal-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Chien-Jung Lin, Chieh-Yu Lin, Nathan O Stitziel
Aortic aneurysms are morbid conditions that can lead to rupture or dissection and are categorized as thoracic (TAA) or abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) depending on their location. While AAA shares overlapping risk factors with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, TAA exhibits strong heritability. Human genetic studies in the past two decades have successfully identified numerous genes involved in both familial and sporadic forms of aortic aneurysm. In this review we will discuss the genetic basis of aortic aneurysm, focusing on the extracellular matrix and how insights from these studies have informed our understanding of human biology and disease pathogenesis...
April 12, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651329/ischaemia-of-the-medullary-cone-after-stent-graft-implantation-in-a-patient-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-a-case-study
#18
Mariusz Wachowski, Michał Polguj, Janusz Ścibór, Agata Majos
Preoperative visualization of the Adamkiewicz artery - the vessel which is to a great extent responsible for supplying blood to the medullary cone - is an important step which must be taken before initiating restorative procedures in the aorta. We present a case of a 67-year-old patient who underwent an intravascular stent-graft implantation procedure, due to clinical signs of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Routine pre-operative computed tomography examination failed to demonstrate the Adamkiewicz artery. On the second day after the surgery, as a result of unexpected clinical deterioration, an magnetic resonance imaging examination of the lumbar spine was carried out...
March 2018: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650910/-the-actual-state-of-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-cancer-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-our-department-over-the-past-five-years
#19
Masayuki Yubakami, Kenji Hiramatsu, Takuma Yamazaki, Yuichi Matsuzaki, Yu Houri, Nobuyuki Watanabe, Yutaka Kondo, Kazuto Ujiie, Yukihisa Nishimura, Momoko Todo, Yoshitaka Nakamura, Kiyoto Atsuji, Akihiro Yamaguchi, Hiroki Taniguchi
With the aging of the population of Japan and Westernization of the dietary life, the number of cases in which cardiovascular diseases are merged in non-cardiac surgery is increasing year by year.Many of the abdominal aortic aneurysms are asymptomatic and it is not uncommon to be discovered accidentally in preoperative examination of non-cardiac surgery.When gastrointestinal surgery involves malignant diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and abdominal aortic aneurysm, the two life prognosis-related diseases are merged, depending on the severity and urgency of the disease for each case, its treatment to determine the priority order...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649954/anatomical-considerations-and-open-surgery-to-treat-juxtarenal-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#20
Georgiana Samoila, Ian Michael Williams
INTRODUCTION: Historically, the open approach to the abdominal aorta has been transperitoneal (TP). In comparison, a retroperitoneal (RP) incision exposes the lateral wall of the suprarenal aorta for clamp application and midline structures such as the duodenum and pancreas are not encountered. Proximal clamp position for open repair of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (JR-AAA) is suprarenal, supra-superior mesenteric, or supraceliac. While RP and TP approaches have previously been compared for physiological reasons, there are currently no randomized controlled trials comparing these methods from an anatomical perspective...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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