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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531784/gut-microbiota-mediated-benefits-of-barley-kernel-products-on-metabolism-gut-hormones-and-inflammatory-markers-as-affected-by-co-ingestion-of-commercially-available-probiotics-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-healthy-subjects
#1
Anne Nilsson, Elin Johansson-Boll, Jonna Sandberg, Inger Björck
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Barley kernel based products have been shown to induce benefits on blood glucose regulation, cardio-metabolic risk markers and appetite regulating hormones in a time perspective of 11-16 h after intake. The mechanisms have been assigned to gut fermentation of indigestible carbohydrates. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate if the modulatory effects of barley on markers of metabolic- and appetite regulation are affected by a dietary background including a mixture of commercially available probiotics...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531452/the-effect-of-glutamine-and-arginine-enriched-nutritional-support-on-quality-of-life-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-treated-with-imrt
#2
Sezin Yuce Sari, Gozde Yazici, Deniz Yuce, Erdem Karabulut, Mustafa Cengiz, Gokhan Ozyigit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Oral mucositis and esophagitis are common acute toxicities of radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). In order to decrease the rates of these toxicities, we compared quality of life in HNC patients that did and did not receive a glutamine and arginine-enriched solution (GAES) during RT. METHODS: A total of 29 patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT); 15 used GAES b.i.d. during the treatment, and a matched cohort of 14 patients did not...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529367/serum-nucb2-nesfatin-1-levels-in-different-stages-of-alcohol-dependence-is-there-a-relationship-with-craving
#3
Gokhan Umut, Cuneyt Evren, Alparslan Cansiz, Mustafa Akkus, Nesrin Karamustafalioglu
INTRODUCTION: In the literature, the relationship between appetite regulating peptides and alcohol craving is on the debate. AIM: This study aims to investigate serum level of NUCB2/nesfatin-1, which is discovered as appetite-related neuropeptide, in patients with alcohol dependence who were in craving and abstaining phase and to compare with healthy controls. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Research, Treatment, and Training Center for Alcohol and Substance Dependence, (AMATEM) Bakirkoy Training and Research Hospital for Psychiatry Neurology and Neurosurgery, Istanbul, case-control and prospective study design were used...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529125/the-evidence-of-apelin-has-the-bidirectional-effects-on-feeding-regulation-in-siberian-sturgeon-acipenser-baerii
#4
Jin Hao, Qing Liu, Xin Zhang, Yuanbing Wu, Jieyao Zhu, Jinwen Qi, Ni Tang, Shuyao Wang, Hong Wang, Defang Chen, Zhiqiong Li
Apelin is a peptide, mainly produced in the brain, which participates in several physiologic effects. However, knowledge about the mechanism of appetite regulation in teleosts, including the role of apelin is not well understood. The aim of this study is to explore the effect of feeding status on the expression of apelin mRNA in the whole brain and the effects of injection of apelin on food intake in Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii). In this study, we first cloned the apelin cDNA sequence of the Siberian sturgeon...
May 18, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525822/the-interplay-between-diabetes-depression-and-affective-temperaments-a-structural-equation-model
#5
Martino Belvederi Murri, Sara Mamberto, Lucia Briatore, Chiara Mazzucchelli, Mario Amore, Renzo Cordera
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and depression are reciprocally linked, but few studies modeled their interplay considering the influence of affective temperaments (AT) and demographic factors. METHODS: Participants with type 1 and type 2 diabetes (T1DM and T2DM, n=279) recruited from Diabetes Units were assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-autoquestionnaire version (TEMPS-A), Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS), Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) and Cumulative Illness Rating Scales (CIRS)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525609/e-cigarettes-and-weight-loss-product-design-innovation-insights-from-industry-patents
#6
Harkirat Singh, Ryan David Kennedy, Lisa Lagasse, Lauren M Czaplicki, Joanna E Cohen
Objective: There is emerging evidence that e-cigarettes are being used by some to mitigate weight gain after quitting smoking, and being used to help control weight. This study sought to identify and describe patents related to innovations for e-cigarette devices associated and weight loss. Methods: Relevant patents were identified using Google Patents with the core search terms: "electronic cigarette" OR "e-cigarette" OR "vaporizer" OR "vapourizer" AND "nicotine" AND "weight loss" OR "weight control" OR "obesity" OR "hunger"...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514983/adverse-effects-of-consuming-high-fat-sugar-diets-on-cognition-implications-for-understanding-obesity
#7
Martin R Yeomans
There is increasing evidence for important roles of key cognitive processes, including attention, memory and learning, in the short-term decision making about eating. There is parallel evidence that people who are overweight or obese tend to perform worse on a variety of cognitive tasks. In this review, the evidence for these two ideas is summarised and then the idea that overconsumption of Western-style high-fat (HF)-high-sugar diets may underlie the association between obesity and poorer cognitive performance is explored...
May 18, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513522/comparison-between-olfactory-function-of-pregnant-women-and-non-pregnant-women-in-reproductive-age-group-in-ibadan-nigeria
#8
U Nwankwo, A J Fasunla, A Oladokun, O G Nwaorgu
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women require normal olfactory function in order to develop good appetite for healthy living and normal fetal development. This study was carried out to investigate and compare olfactory function of pregnant women with non-pregnant women. METHODS: This was a case control study of women in reproductive age group at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria from July 2014 to February 2015. Consecutive 70 pregnant women and 70 non-pregnant women (controls) without rhinologic symptoms were studied...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512009/combining-d-cycloserine-with-appetitive-extinction-learning-modulates-amygdala-activity-during-recall
#9
Claudia Ebrahimi, Stefan P Koch, Eva Friedel, Ilsoray Crespo, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas Ströhle, Andreas Heinz, Florian Schlagenhauf
Appetitive Pavlovian conditioning plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of drug addiction and conditioned reward cues can trigger craving and relapse even after long phases of abstinence. Promising preclinical work showed that the NMDA-receptor partial agonist D-cycloserine (DCS) facilitates Pavlovian extinction learning of fear and drug cues. Furthermore, DCS-augmented exposure therapy seems to be beneficial in various anxiety disorders, while the supposed working mechanism of DCS during human appetitive or aversive extinction learning is still not confirmed...
May 13, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511579/does-an-attention-bias-to-appetitive-and-aversive-words-modulate-interference-control-in-youth-with-adhd
#10
Ili Ma, Gabry W Mies, Nanda N J Lambregts-Rommelse, Jan K Buitelaar, Antonius H N Cillessen, Anouk Scheres
Interference control refers to the ability to selectively attend to certain information while ignoring distracting information. This ability can vary as a function of distractor relevance. Distractors that are particularly relevant to an individual may attract more attention than less relevant distractors. This is referred to as attention bias. Weak interference control and altered reward sensitivity are both important features of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, interference control is typically studied in isolation...
May 16, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509573/adverse-events-of-atomoxetine-in-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-in-children-with-autism
#11
Rameshwari V Tumuluru, Patricia Corbett-Dick, Michael G Aman, Tristram Smith, L Eugene Arnold, Xueliang Pan, Kristin A Buchan-Page, Nicole V Brown, Melissa M Ryan, Susan L Hyman, Jessica Hellings, Craig Williams, Jill A Hollway, Luc Lecavalier, Robert R Rice, Sarah McAuliffe-Bellin, Benjamin L Handen
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, including inattention and over activity, occur in approximately one-third of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We describe the rate and duration of adverse events in a randomized controlled trial of atomoxetine (ATX) and parent training (PT) for ADHD symptoms and noncompliance in children with ASD. METHODS: We conducted a 10-week, double-blind, 2 × 2 trial of ATX and PT with 128 children (ages 5-14) randomized to ATX alone, ATX+PT, placebo+PT, or placebo alone...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509408/insulin-associated-weight-gain-in-obese-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-what-can-be-done
#12
REVIEW
Adrian Brown, Nicola Guess, Anne Dornhorst, Shahrad Taheri, Gary Frost
Insulin therapy (IT) is initiated for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus when glycaemic targets are not met with diet and other hypoglycaemic agents. The initiation of IT improves glycaemic control and reduces the risk of microvascular complications. There is, however, an associated weight gain following IT, which may adversely affect diabetic and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A 3 to 9 kg insulin associated weight gain (IAWG) is reported to occur in the first year of initiating IT, consisting predominantly of adipose tissue...
May 16, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508278/physiotherapy-programme-reduces-fatigue-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-receiving-palliative-care-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Anna Pyszora, Jacek Budzyński, Agnieszka Wójcik, Anna Prokop, Małgorzata Krajnik
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common and relevant symptom in patients with advanced cancer that significantly decreases their quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a physiotherapy programme on CRF and other symptoms in patients diagnosed with advanced cancer. METHODS: The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Sixty patients diagnosed with advanced cancer receiving palliative care were randomized into two groups: the treatment group (n = 30) and the control group (n = 30)...
May 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507313/chronic-intrahypothalamic-rather-than-subcutaneous-liraglutide-treatment-reduces-body-weight-gain-and-stimulates-the-melanocortin-receptor-system
#14
K Kaineder, T Birngruber, G Rauter, B Obermüller, J Eichler, J Münzker, W Al-Zoughbi, S I Mautner, S S Torekov, B Hartmann, P Kotzbeck, T R Pieber
BACKGROUND: The GLP-1 receptor agonist liraglutide is marketed for obesity treatment where it induces body weight reduction possibly via the hypothalamus, which regulates energy homeostasis. In animal studies, acute liraglutide treatment triggers satiety, weight loss and activates thermogenesis in adipose tissue. However, the precise mechanisms how liraglutide affects in particular chronic weight loss are still under investigation. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate whether chronic hypothalamic or chronic subcutaneous administration of liraglutide induces sustained weight loss through altered adipose tissue function and to what extent hypothalamic neuronal appetite regulators are involved in the liraglutide-induced weight loss in healthy lean rats on a normal diet...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506144/hypnosis-for-symptom-control-in-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-life-a-systematic-review
#15
Guy H Montgomery, Madalina Sucala, Tessa Baum, Julie B Schnur
Hypnosis has been shown to alleviate symptoms and side effects of cancer and its treatment. However, less is known about the use of hypnosis at the end of life in individuals with cancer. Our goal was to systematically review the literature on the use of hypnosis to manage the most common symptoms of end-of-life cancer patients: fatigue, sleep disturbances, pain, appetite loss, and dyspnea. EMBASE, MEDLINE, COCHRANE, PsychINFO, and SCOPUS databases were searched from inception through November 7, 2016. No studies met the inclusion criteria...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500684/impact-of-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-on-appetite-alcohol-intake-behaviors-and-midbrain-ghrelin-signaling-in-the-rat
#16
Sunil Sirohi, Ben D Richardson, Janelle M Lugo, David J Rossi, Jon F Davis
OBJECTIVE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery reduces appetite and stimulates new onset alcohol misuse; however, the genesis of these behavioral changes is unclear. This study is hypothesized that new onset alcohol intake is a behavioral adaptation that occurs secondary to reduced appetite and correlates with altered central ghrelin signaling. METHODS: Hedonic high-fat diet (HFD) intake was evaluated prior to the assessment of alcohol intake behaviors in RYGB and control rats...
May 12, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499930/working-memory-and-attentional-bias-on-reinforcing-efficacy-of-food
#17
Katelyn A Carr, Leonard H Epstein
Reinforcing efficacy of food, or the relationship between food prices and purchasing, is related to obesity status and energy intake in adults. Determining how to allocate resources for food is a decision making process influenced by executive functions. Attention to appetitive cues, as well as working memory capacity, or the ability to flexibly control attention while mentally retaining information, may be important executive functions involved in food purchasing decisions. In two studies, we examined how attention bias to food and working memory capacity are related to reinforcing efficacy of both high energy-dense and low energy-dense foods...
May 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497756/s-1-versus-placebo-in-patients-with-sorafenib-refractory-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-s-cube-a-randomised-double-blind-multicentre-phase-3-trial
#18
Masatoshi Kudo, Michihisa Moriguchi, Kazushi Numata, Hisashi Hidaka, Hironori Tanaka, Masafumi Ikeda, Seiji Kawazoe, Shinichi Ohkawa, Yozo Sato, Shuichi Kaneko, Junji Furuse, Madoka Takeuchi, Xuemin Fang, Yoshito Date, Masahiro Takeuchi, Takuji Okusaka
BACKGROUND: Unresectable advanced hepatocellular carcinoma is a heterogeneous disease, for which sorafenib is the first targeted agent approved for first-line therapy, and treatment options for patients with sorafenib-refractory advanced hepatocellular carcinoma are limited. We assessed the efficacy and safety of S-1, a chemotherapeutic agent based on fluorouracil, in patients with sorafenib-refractory advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study done at 57 sites in Japan...
June 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490674/physical-form-of-dietary-fat-alters-postprandial-substrate-utilization-and-glycemic-response-in-healthy-chinese-men
#19
Sze-Yen Tan, Elaine Peh, Evelyn Lau, Alejandro G Marangoni, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
Background: Dietary fats elicit various physiological responses, with the physical form of fat reported to alter fat digestion and absorption.Objectives: The primary aims were to compare the effects of dietary fat in 2 physical forms (liquid and oleogel) and 2 degrees of saturation (saturated and polyunsaturated) on postprandial energy expenditure (EE) and substrate oxidation, glycemia, and appetite.Methods: The study was a randomized, controlled crossover trial. Sixteen normal-weight, healthy Chinese men completed the study [mean ± SD age: 28 ± 6 y; body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 22...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487246/academic-stress-and-personality-interact-to-increase-the-neural-response-to-high-calorie-food-cues
#20
Selin Neseliler, Beth Tannenbaum, Maria Zacchia, Kevin Larcher, Kirsty Coulter, Marie Lamarche, Errol B Marliss, Jens Pruessner, Alain Dagher
Psychosocial stress is associated with an increased intake of palatable foods and weight gain in stress-reactive individuals. Personality traits have been shown to predict stress-reactivity. However, it is not known if personality traits influence brain activity in regions implicated in appetite control during psychosocial stress. The current study assessed whether Gray's Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS) scale, a measure of stress-reactivity, was related to the activity of brain regions implicated in appetite control during a stressful period...
May 6, 2017: Appetite
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