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Statin ddi

Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes de Oliveira, Silvia Emiko Shimakura, Dayse Pereira Campos, Yara Hahr Marques Hökerberg, Flaviana Pavan Victoriano, Sayonara Ribeiro, Valdiléa G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Marilia Sá Carvalho
The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy has resulted in changes of comorbidity profile in people living with HIV (PLHIV), increasing non-AIDS-related events. The occurrence of cardiovascular events is greater in PLHIV, but the mechanism responsible for it is still controversial. This article aimed to investigate factors associated with the progression to cardiovascular events in PLHIV using HAART. A 15-years cohort study with 1135 PLHIV was conducted in Rio de Janeiro-Brazil. Clinical progression was stratified in five states: No comorbidities (s1), arterial hypertension (s2), lipid abnormalities (s3), hypertension and lipid abnormalities (s4) and major cardiovascular events (stroke, coronary artery disease, thrombosis or death) (s5)...
October 23, 2017: AIDS Care
Ágota Pénzes, Elhusseiny Mohamed Mahmud Abdelwahab, Judit Rapp, Zsanett A Péteri, Judit Bovári-Biri, Csaba Fekete, György Miskei, Krisztián Kvell, Judit E Pongrácz
Primycin-sulphate is a highly effective compound against Gram (G) positive bacteria. It has a potentially synergistic effect with vancomycin and statins which makes primycin-sulphate a potentially very effective preparation. Primycin-sulphate is currently used exclusively in topical preparations. In vitro animal hepatocyte and neuromuscular junction studies (in mice, rats, snakes, frogs) as well as in in vitro human red blood cell experiments were used to test toxicity. During these studies, the use of primycin-sulphate resulted in reduced cellular membrane integrity and modified ion channel activity...
November 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
Yuji Mukai, Masayuki Narita, Erika Akiyama, Kanami Ohashi, Yasutaka Horiuchi, Yuka Kato, Takaki Toda, Anders Rane, Nobuo Inotsume
Fluvastatin, which is one of the hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins), is primarily metabolized by CYP2C9 and to a lesser extent by CYP3A4 and CYP2C8. Predictions of drug-drug interactions (DDI) are important for the safety of combination therapies with statins, in particular drugs that are metabolized by CYP3A4. Little information is available regarding drug interactions with fluvastatin. Since CYP2C9 is a polymorphic enzyme, we investigated the effect of DDI via CYP2C9, CYP3A4, and CYP2C8 on fluvastatin pharmacokinetics by using a validated prediction method in relation to CYP2C9 variants...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Wen Lin, Tao Ji, Heidi Einolf, Surya Ayalasomayajula, Tsu-Han Lin, Imad Hanna, Tycho Heimbach, Christopher Breen, Venkateswar Jarugula, Handan He
Sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696) has been approved for the treatment of heart failure. Sacubitril is an in vitro inhibitor of organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs). In clinical studies, LCZ696 increased atorvastatin Cmax by 1.7-fold and area under the plasma concentration-time curve by 1.3-fold, but had little or no effect on simvastatin or simvastatin acid exposure. A physiologically based pharmacokinetics modeling approach was applied to explore the underlying mechanisms behind the statin-specific LCZ696 drug interaction observations...
May 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Peng Duan, Ping Zhao, Lei Zhang
BACKGROUND: The disposition of statins varies and involves both metabolizing enzymes and transporters, making predictions of statin drug-drug interactions (DDIs) challenging. Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models have, however, demonstrated ability to predict complex DDIs. OBJECTIVE: In this study, PBPK models of two statins (pitavastatin and atorvastatin) were developed and applied to predict pitavastatin and atorvastatin associated DDIs. METHOD: Pitavastatin and atorvastatin PBPK models were developed using in vitro and human pharmacokinetic data in a population-based PBPK software (SimCYP(®)) by considering the contribution of both metabolizing enzymes and transporters to their overall pharmacokinetics...
August 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Giok Qin Ng, Grant Edward Sklar, Hui Ting Chng
PURPOSE: The project aimed to evaluate the completeness of drug-drug interaction (DDI)-related information in package inserts (PIs) and develop a systematic approach to conduct the evaluation. METHODS: DDI-related information in the branded PIs of statins, macrolides, protease inhibitors and selected drugs of narrow therapeutic index (DNTI) were evaluated against the criteria distilled from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) labelling recommendation guidance document...
February 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
S-H Hsiao, H-J Chang, T-H Hsieh, S-M Kao, P-Y Yeh, T-J Wu
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Rhabdomyolysis is a severe potential adverse drug reaction of statin therapy. We report a case of rhabdomyolysis due to drug-drug interaction (DDI) between atorvastatin and fluconazole and review the literature. CASE SUMMARY: A 70-year-old woman received atorvastatin for hyperlipidaemia without any problem for 4 years. When intravenous fluconazole was added for treating a fungal infection, rhabdomyolysis developed 2 weeks later. Removal of atorvastatin led to the resolution of her rhabdomyolysis...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Manthena V Varma, Ayman F El-Kattan
A large body of evidence suggests hepatic uptake transporters, organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs), are of high clinical relevance in determining the pharmacokinetics of substrate drugs, based on which recent regulatory guidances to industry recommend appropriate assessment of investigational drugs for the potential drug interactions. We recently proposed an extended clearance classification system (ECCS) framework in which the systemic clearance of class 1B and 3B drugs is likely determined by hepatic uptake...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Craig Zetterberg, Francois Maltais, Leena Laitinen, Shengkai Liao, Hong Tsao, Ananthsrinivas Chakilam, Niresh Hariparsad
(R)-2-((2-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-3-yl)pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-2-methyl-N-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)butanamide (VX-509, decernotinib) is an oral Janus kinase 3 inhibitor that has been studied in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis often receive multiple medications, such as statins and steroids, to manage the signs and symptoms of comorbidities, which increases the chances of drug-drug interactions (DDIs). Mechanism-based inhibition is a subset of time-dependent inhibition (TDI) and occurs when a molecule forms a reactive metabolite which irreversibly binds and inactivates drug-metabolizing enzymes, potentially increasing the systemic load to toxic concentrations...
August 2016: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Robert Elsby, Paul Martin, Dominic Surry, Pradeep Sharma, Katherine Fenner
The intestinal efflux transporter breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) restricts the absorption of rosuvastatin. Of the transporters important to rosuvastatin disposition, fostamatinib inhibited BCRP (IC50 = 50 nM) and organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1; IC50 > 10 μM), but not organic anion transporter 3, in vitro, predicting a drug-drug interaction (DDI) in vivo through inhibition of BCRP only. Consequently, a clinical interaction study between fostamatinib and rosuvastatin was performed (and reported elsewhere)...
March 2016: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Tao Zhang
Atorvastatin is the most commonly used of all statins to lower cholesterol. Atorvastatin is extensively metabolized in both gut and liver to produce several active metabolites. The purpose of the present study is to develop a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for atorvastatin and its two primary metabolites, 2-hydroxy-atorvastatin acid and atorvastatin lactone, using in vitro and in vivo data. The model was used to predict the pharmacokinetic profiles and drug-drug interaction (DDI) effect for atorvastatin and its metabolites in different DDI scenarios...
September 18, 2015: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Annett Kunze, Birk Poller, Jörg Huwyler, Gian Camenisch
BACKGROUND: During drug development, it is an important safety factor to identify the potential of new molecular entities to become a victim of drug-drug interactions (DDIs). In preclinical development, however, anticipation of clinical DDIs remains challenging due to the lack of in vivo human pharmacokinetic data. METHODS: We applied a recently developed in vitro-in vivo extrapolation method, including hepatic metabolism and transport processes, herein referred to as the Extended Clearance Concept Classification System (ECCCS)...
September 2015: Drug Metabolism and Personalized Therapy
Masaki Watanabe, Takao Watanabe, Masashi Yabuki, Ikumi Tamai
Since drug-drug interaction (DDI) can affect organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) and cause clinical events, prediction of such DDI is important in early clinical development. Although statins are useful probes for OATP-mediated DDI, endogenous probes would be more practical for predicting such DDI. In this study, we investigate the possible use of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), an endogenous OATP substrate, in predicting OATP-mediated DDI in cynomolgus monkeys as a first step toward in human assessment...
April 2015: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Zhi-Yu Wang, Meng Chen, Ling-Ling Zhu, Lu-Shan Yu, Su Zeng, Mei-Xiang Xiang, Quan Zhou
BACKGROUND: Coprescribing of clopidogrel and other drugs is common. Available reviews have addressed the drug-drug interactions (DDIs) when clopidogrel is as an object drug, or focused on combination use of clopidogrel and a special class of drugs. Clinicians may still be ignorant of those DDIs when clopidogrel is a precipitant drug, the factors determining the degree of DDIs, and corresponding risk management. METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library to analyze the pharmacokinetic DDIs of clopidogrel and new P2Y12 receptor inhibitors...
2015: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Xiaoyan Chu, Shian-Jiun Shih, Rachel Shaw, Hannes Hentze, Grace H Chan, Karen Owens, Shubing Wang, Xiaoxin Cai, Deborah Newton, Jose Castro-Perez, Gino Salituro, Jairam Palamanda, Aaron Fernandis, Choon Keow Ng, Andy Liaw, Mary J Savage, Raymond Evers
Inhibition of hepatic transporters such as organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) 1B can cause drug-drug interactions (DDIs). Determining the impact of perpetrator drugs on the plasma exposure of endogenous substrates for OATP1B could be valuable to assess the risk for DDIs early in drug development. As OATP1B orthologs are well conserved between human and monkey, we assessed in cynomolgus monkeys the endogenous OATP1B substrates that are potentially suitable to assess DDI risk in humans. The effect of rifampin (RIF), a potent inhibitor for OATP1B, on plasma exposure of endogenous substrates of hepatic transporters was measured...
June 2015: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Kazuya Maeda
Nobody doubts the importance of organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP)1B1 and 1B3 in the clinical pharmacokinetics of substrate drugs. Based on the theory of pharmacokinetics, even if a drug is eliminated from the body by extensive metabolism, the rate-determining process of the hepatic intrinsic clearance of OATP substrates is often hepatic uptake. Because of their broad substrate specificities, once the functions of OATP1B1 or OATP1B3 are altered by several kinds of special occasions such as drug-drug interactions (DDI) and genetic polymorphisms of transporter genes, the hepatic clearance of many kinds of structurally-unrelated drugs is expected to be changed...
2015: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Apichot So-Ngern, Preecha Montakantikul, Weerawat Manosuthi
We conducted a cross sectional study of the outpatient medical records of 1000 HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2011 to determine the incidence of clinically significant drug interactions (CSDI). The severities of the CSDI were graded following the Micromedex" 2.0 database and the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) 2012 HIV treatment guidelines. Three hundred thirty-five patients (34%) had 554 episodes of CSDI. Of which 337 episodes (61%), 163 episodes (29%) and 54 episodes (10%) had grades 2, 3 and 4 severity CSDI, respectively...
September 2014: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Apichot So-Ngern, Preecha Montakantikul, Weerawat Manosuthi
We conducted a cross sectional study of the outpatient medical records of 1000 HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2011 to determine the incidence of clinically significant drug interactions (CSDI). The severities of the CSDI were graded following the Micromedex" 2.0 database and the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) 2012 HIV treatment guidelines. Three hundred thirty-five patients (34%) had 554 episodes of CSDI. Of which 337 episodes (61%), 163 episodes (29%) and 54 episodes (10%) had grades 2, 3 and 4 severity CSDI, respectively...
September 2014: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
A Marengoni, L Pasina, C Concoreggi, G Martini, F Brognoli, A Nobili, G Onder, D Bettoni
AIMS: The aims of this study are to evaluate prevalence and characteristics of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and to evaluate the potential contribution of specific medications, therapeutic categories and drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in older adults. METHODS: All ADR reporting forms of persons aged 65+ years collected by the pharmacovigilance of one of the main hospitals in Italy during 2013 were evaluated. DDIs were analysed by a computerized prescription system (INTERCheck) and based on the interactions' database managed by the Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri...
November 2014: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Zachary A Marcum, Julia Driessen, Carolyn T Thorpe, Walid F Gellad, Julie M Donohue
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between multiple pharmacy use and medication adherence and potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional propensity score-weighted analysis. SETTING: 2009 claims data. PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of 926,956 Medicare Part D beneficiaries aged 65 and older continuously enrolled in fee-for-service Medicare and Part D that year who filled one or more prescriptions at a community retail or mail order pharmacy...
February 2014: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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