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Normal physiologic birth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306738/midwifery-students-understanding-and-knowledge-of-normal-birth-before-delivery-of-curriculum
#1
Clare Davison, Clare Davison, Sadie Geraghty, Sara Morris
OBJECTIVE: To generate new knowledge that describes and explains the views and understanding, regarding midwifery and normal birth, that newly enrolled midwifery students hold at the commencement of their midwifery education. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive approach was used in conjunction with an anonymous questionnaire. SETTING: A tertiary University in Western Australia FINDINGS: Eighteen postgraduate midwifery students (PG), and twenty undergraduate midwifery students (UG), completed the questionnaire...
December 26, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306097/cue-acquisition-a-feature-of-malawian-midwives-decision-making-process-to-support-normality-during-the-first-stage-of-labour
#2
Elizabeth Chodzaza, Elaine Haycock-Stuart, Aisha Holloway, Rosemary Mander
OBJECTIVE: to explore Malawian midwives decision making when caring for women during the first stage of labour in the hospital setting. DESIGN AND METHODS: this focused ethnographic study examined the decision making process of 9 nurse-midwives with varying years of clinical experience in the real world setting of an urban and semi urban hospital from October 2013 to May 2014.This was done using 27 participant observations and 27 post-observation in-depth interviews over a period of six months...
December 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280474/anemia-in-pregnancy-a-pragmatic-approach
#3
Dongmei Sun, Anne McLeod, Shital Gandhi, Ann Kinga Malinowski, Nadine Shehata
Importance: Anemia is common in pregnancy, ranging from 5.4% in developed countries to more than 80% in developing countries. Anemia in pregnancy has been associated with prematurity, low birth weight, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objective: This review uses clinical vignettes to illustrate the clinical presentations, approach to diagnosis, maternal and fetal implications, and treatment for the common etiologies of anemia in pregnancy. Evidence Acquisition: Literature review...
December 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278013/behind-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-not-only-food
#4
Luca Pecoraro, Carlo Agostoni, Orsiol Pepaj, Angelo Pietrobelli
After birth, breastfeeding should not be considered only a normal and physiological event; in fact, it encloses both physical and the psychological aspects. Human milk cannot be compared to any formula milk. Specifically, human milk has immunological and nutritional properties and it is considered the best available option which guarantees an adequate growth and an optimal development of a child. Differences in term of mediators and hormones have been shown between infants who were breastfed and ones who were not...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277411/high-birth-weight-modifies-association-between-adolescent-physical-activity-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-women-and-not-men
#5
Thomas L Jeanne, Elizabeth R Hooker, Thuan Nguyen, Lynne C Messer, Rebecca M Sacks, Sarah B Andrea, Janne Boone-Heinonen
Recent evidence suggests that adverse prenatal development alters physiological response to physical activity, but longitudinal epidemiologic evidence is scant. This study tested the hypothesis that lower physical activity during adolescence and young adulthood is more strongly associated with later cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and diabetes or prediabetes (DM/PDM) in women and men who were born with high or low birth weight (HBW, LBW), compared to normal birth weight (NBW). We analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a cohort study of US adolescents followed into adulthood (1994-2009)...
December 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277067/biochemical-composition-of-fetal-fluids-in-at-term-normal-developed-healthy-viable-dogs-and-preliminary-data-from-pathologic-littermates
#6
M C Veronesi, B Bolis, M Faustini, A Rota, A Mollo
A proper canine neonatal assistance, required to reduce the high perinatal loss rate, imply a full knowledge about the fetal-to-neonatal physiology. Because fetal fluids play an important role throughout mammals pregnancy, influencing fetal growth and development, fetal well being, and contributing to guarantee the most suitable environment for the fetus, the knowledge about fetal fluids biochemical composition is of major importance. At first, the biochemical composition of fetal fluids collected by normal developed, healthy and viable newborns, is necessary to depict the normal features, and represent the first step for the further detection of abnormalities associated to fetal/neonatal distress and useful for the early identification of newborns needing special attention, immediately after birth...
December 14, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261516/neonatal-neuroprotection-bringing-best-practice-to-the-bedside-in-the-nicu
#7
Terrie Lockridge
Preterm birth interrupts the precise process of fetal maturation, forcing critical neurologic growth to continue within the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Concern for the impact of the NICU experience on the developing brain led to a unit-based Quality Improvement (QI) project to promote best outcomes for our graduates. The objective was to implement a standard of care for neonatal neuroprotection in a large urban tertiary center. A multidisciplinary committee researched and developed the Neonatal Neuroprotective Best Practice Guidelines to identify optimal interventions, as well as provide physiologic rationales to reinforce importance of these practices...
December 19, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246128/maternal-vitamin-d-status-gestational-diabetes-and-infant-birth-size
#8
Helena H Hauta-Alus, Heli T Viljakainen, Elisa M Holmlund-Suila, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Jenni Rosendahl, Saara M Valkama, Otto M Helve, Timo K Hytinantti, Outi M Mäkitie, Sture Andersson
BACKGROUND: Maternal vitamin D status has been associated with both gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and fetal growth restriction, however, the evidence is inconsistent. In Finland, maternal vitamin D status has improved considerably due to national health policies. Our objective was to compare maternal 25-hydroxy vitamin D concentrations [25(OH)D] between mothers with and without GDM, and to investigate if an association existed between maternal vitamin D concentration and infant birth size...
December 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239132/translational-systems-pharmacology-studies-in-pregnant-women
#9
REVIEW
Sara K Quinney, Rakesh Gullapelli, David M Haas
Pregnancy involves rapid physiological adaptation and complex interplay between mother and fetus. New analytic technologies provide large amounts of genomic, proteomic, and metabolomics data. The integration of these data through bioinformatics, statistical, and systems pharmacology techniques can improve our understanding of the mechanisms of normal maternal physiologic changes and fetal development. New insights into the mechanisms of pregnancy-related disorders, such as preterm birth (PTB), may lead to the development of new therapeutic interventions and novel biomarkers...
December 14, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181565/postnatal-myocardium-remodelling-generates-inhomogeneity-in-the-architecture-of-the-ventricular-mass
#10
Pierre-Simon Jouk, Ba Luu Truong, Gabrielle Michalowicz, Yves Usson
BACKGROUND: The 3D architecture of the ventricular mass is poorly known, although in vivo imaging techniques show the physiological inhomogeneity of ventricular walls mechanics. Polarized light imaging makes it possible to quantitatively analyse the myosin filament orientation. AIMS: In this paper, we focus on the study the 3D architecture and regional isotropy of myocardial cells. METHODS: Twenty normal human hearts, 10 from the perinatal period and 10 from the post-neonatal period were studied by polarized light microscopy...
November 28, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160925/effects-of-swaddled-and-traditional-tub-bathing-methods-on-crying-and-physiological-responses-of-newborns
#11
Sinem Yalnızoğlu Çaka, Duygu Gözen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two bathing methods on crying duration and physiological measurements of newborns. DESIGN AND METHODS: A randomized trial design was used in this study. The sample consisted of newborns (n = 80) who were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital located in a large city. The groups were determined as swaddled bathing (SB) (n = 40) and traditional tub bathing (TTB) (n = 40) by using random number table...
November 21, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105382/hypoxia-from-placental-development-to-fetal-programming
#12
REVIEW
Lais Fajersztajn, Mariana Matera Veras
Hypoxia may influence normal and different pathological processes. Low oxygenation activates a variety of responses, many of them regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 complex, which is mostly involved in cellular control of O2 consumption and delivery, inhibition of growth and development, and promotion of anaerobic metabolism. Hypoxia plays a significant physiological role in fetal development; it is involved in different embryonic processes, for example, placentation, angiogenesis, and hematopoiesis. More recently, fetal hypoxia has been associated directly or indirectly with fetal programming of heart, brain, and kidney function and metabolism in adulthood...
October 16, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055243/physiological-vital-sign-ranges-in-newborns-from-34-weeks-gestation-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Michelle Paliwoda, Karen New, Mark Davies, Fiona Bogossian
CONTEXT: The birth process and the moments thereafter are a crucial time for newborns as they adapt to extra uterine life. The adaptive process begins immediately and can take a number of days to complete. The process involves initiating and maintaining respirations, thermoregulation, and the change from foetal circulation to newborn circulation. The majority of newborns successfully adapt to extra uterine life, some experience difficulty. Early warning tools may assist clinicians identify early signs of failure to adapt and/or deterioration but these are dependent on 'Normal' vital sign reference ranges for triggering an escalation of care...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037224/maternal-and-fetal-blood-lipid-concentrations-during-pregnancy-differ-by-maternal-body-mass-index-findings-from-the-rolo-study
#14
Aisling A Geraghty, Goiuri Alberdi, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Eileen C O'Brien, Brenda Crosbie, Patrick J Twomey, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a time of altered metabolic functioning and maternal blood lipid profiles change to accommodate the developing fetus. While these changes are physiologically necessary, blood lipids concentrations have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension and high birth weight. As blood lipids are not routinely measured during pregnancy, there is limited information on what is considered normal during pregnancy and in fetal blood...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960148/perinatal-lethality-of-par4-mice-delivered-by-primiparous-dams-reveals-spontaneous-bleeding-in-mice-without-platelet-thrombin-receptor-function
#15
Shauna L French, Justin R Hamilton
Protease-activated receptor 4 (PAR4) is a cell surface G protein-coupled receptor for serine proteases, such as thrombin. Par4(-/-) mice have platelets that are unresponsive to thrombin and thereby allow examination of the importance of thrombin-induced platelet activation in (patho)physiology. Par4(-/-) mice are protected against arterial thrombosis but show no evidence of spontaneous bleeding. This contrasts with the bleeding experienced by mice with marked thrombocytopenia, such as those with genetic deficiency of the transcription factor, nuclear factor erythroid 2 (Nfe2(-/-)), that have high rates of perinatal death due to hemorrhage...
September 29, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914501/andrology-of-male-to-female-transsexuals-influence-of-cross-sex-hormone-therapy-on-testicular-function
#16
REVIEW
F Schneider, S Kliesch, S Schlatt, N Neuhaus
Patients with gender dysphoria are offered cross-sex hormone therapy and sex reassignment surgery to achieve the transition between the sex assigned at birth and gender identity. According to international guidelines, cross-sex hormone therapy in trans-women should lead to a psychologically and physiologically healthy body with feminized serum hormone levels, resulting in suppression of spermatogenesis. However, in a recently published multi-center study, we discovered a high proportion of patients with male serum hormone levels and qualitatively intact spermatogenesis on the day of sex reassignment surgery...
September 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911179/deciphering-the-function-of-the-blunt-circadian-rhythm-of-melatonin-in-the-newborn-lamb-impact-on-adrenal-and-heart
#17
Maria Seron-Ferre, Claudia Torres-Farfan, Francisco J Valenzuela, Sebastian Castillo-Galan, Auristela Rojas, Natalia Mendez, Henry Reynolds, Guillermo J Valenzuela, Anibal J Llanos
Neonatal lambs, as with human and other neonates, have low arrhythmic endogenous levels of melatonin for several weeks until they start their own pineal rhythm of melatonin production at approximately 2 weeks of life. During pregnancy, daily rhythmic transfer of maternal melatonin to the fetus has important physiological roles in sheep, nonhuman primates, and rats. This melatonin rhythm provides a circadian signal and also participates in adjusting the physiology of several organs in preparation for extrauterine life...
September 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903776/facilitatory-effect-of-insulin-treatment-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-development-in-diabetes
#18
Hayato Baba, Makoto Kurano, Takeshi Nishida, Hideki Hatta, Ryoji Hokao, Koichi Tsuneyama
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of insulin treatment on the incidence and/or severity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a mouse model of HCC based on diabetes. METHODS: We recently reported that neonatal streptozotocin (STZ) treatment causes type 1 diabetes and subsequent HCC in ddY, Institute for Animal Reproduction (DIAR) mice. Newborn male DIAR mice were divided into three groups based on STZ and insulin (INS) treatment. STZ was subcutaneously injected (60 mg/g) into the STZ-treated group (DIAR-nSTZ mice, N = 13) and the STZ/insulin-treated group (DIAR-nSTZ/INS mice, N = 20)...
September 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900802/assessment-of-m2-anxa5-haplotype-as-a-risk-factor-in-couples-with-placenta-mediated-pregnancy-complications
#19
Nina Rogenhofer, Lara R M Nienaber, Lea C Amshoff, Nadia Bogdanova, David Petroff, Peter Wieacker, Christian J Thaler, Arseni Markoff
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to confirm the associated M2/ANXA5 carrier risk in women with placenta-mediated pregnancy complications (PMPC) and to test their male partners for such association. Further analysis evaluated the influence of maternal vs. paternal M2 alleles on miscarriage. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-eight couples with preeclampsia (PE), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), or premature birth (PB) were recruited (n = 96 of each phenotype)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889657/the-physiologic-pattern-of-normal-labour-progression
#20
J Zhang, T Duan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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