keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Speech enhancement

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094647/using-drawings-as-a-reflective-tool-to-enhance-communication-in-dementia-care
#1
Phil McEvoy, Sue Bellass
Communication skills training can be a valuable means of supporting professional and family carers of people with dementia. Most communication skills training programmes for those caring for people with dementia focus on dementia awareness and the technical aspects of communication, such as the pace and volume of the carer's speech. However, it is also important to examine what is conveyed about a carer's internal experience in their non-verbal interactions with people living with dementia. This article explores how drawings can be used to help carers to reflect on what is communicated and question any hidden assumptions...
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093574/an-acoustically-driven-vocal-tract-model-for-stop-consonant-production
#2
Brad H Story, Kate Bunton
The purpose of this study was to further develop a multi-tier model of the vocal tract area function in which the modulations of shape to produce speech are generated by the product of a vowel substrate and a consonant superposition function. The new approach consists of specifying input parameters for a target consonant as a set of directional changes in the resonance frequencies of the vowel substrate. Using calculations of acoustic sensitivity functions, these "resonance deflection patterns" are transformed into time-varying deformations of the vocal tract shape without any direct specification of location or extent of the consonant constriction along the vocal tract...
March 2017: Speech Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089707/understanding-infant-eating-behaviour-lessons-learned-from-observation
#3
REVIEW
Marion M Hetherington
Observations of human infants during feeding presents a rich source of data to identify the ways in which hunger, appetite and satiety are communicated in early life. Infants signal appetite through their interest or disinterest in food using a series of communication cues from rapid and transient facial expressions to subtle or potent gestures and bodily movements through to vocalisations and eventually speech. Even in the first days of life facial expressions in response to basic tastes are clearly demonstrated and shared between human infants, other primates and the rat...
January 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080121/hand-matters-left-hand-gestures-enhance-metaphor-explanation
#4
Paraskevi Argyriou, Christine Mohr, Sotaro Kita
Research suggests that speech-accompanying gestures influence cognitive processes, but it is not clear whether the gestural benefit is specific to the gesturing hand. Two experiments tested the "(right/left) hand-specificity" hypothesis for self-oriented functions of gestures: gestures with a particular hand enhance cognitive processes involving the hemisphere contralateral to the gesturing hand. Specifically, we tested whether left-hand gestures enhance metaphor explanation, which involves right-hemispheric processing...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078408/-rehabilitation-in-children-and-adults-an-overview
#5
A Illg
BACKGROUND: The rehabilitation of patients with hearing loss includes technical, medical, and therapeutic education interventions. The success of cochlear implant (CI) treatment depends on joint coordination and execution of all measures. During the history of CI, expansion of the spectrum of indication criteria has led to evolution of auditory-verbal therapy, speech therapy, and auditory training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper describes the current status of therapeutic knowledge and experience of hearing and speech therapeutic rehabilitation in children and adults...
January 11, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077883/performance-pressure-enhances-speech-learning
#6
W Todd Maddox, Seth Koslov, Han-Gyol Yi, Bharath Chandrasekaran
Real-world speech learning often occurs in high pressure situations such as trying to communicate in a foreign country. However, the impact of pressure on speech learning success is largely unexplored. In this study, adult, native speakers of English learned non-native speech categories under pressure or no-pressure conditions. In the pressure conditions, participants were informed that they were paired with a (fictitious) partner, and that each had to independently exceed a performance criterion for both to receive a monetary bonus...
November 2016: Applied Psycholinguistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077662/stability-and-plasticity-in-neural-encoding-of-linguistically-relevant-pitch-patterns
#7
Zilong Xie, Rachel Denise Reetzke, Bharath Chandrasekaran
While life-long language experience modulates subcortical encoding of pitch patterns, there is emerging evidence that short-term training introduced in adulthood also shapes subcortical pitch encoding. Here, we use a cross-language design to examine the stability of language experience-dependent subcortical plasticity over multiple days. We then examine the extent to which behavioral relevance induced by speech sound-to-category training leads to plastic changes in subcortical pitch encoding in adulthood relative to adolescence, a period of ongoing maturation of subcortical and cortical auditory processing...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077311/cortical-thickness-increases-after-simultaneous-interpretation-training
#8
Alexis Hervais-Adelman, Barbara Moser-Mercer, Micah M Murray, Narly Golestani
Simultaneous interpretation is a complex cognitive task that not only demands multilingual language processing, but also requires application of extreme levels of domain-general cognitive control. We used MRI to longitudinally measure cortical thickness in simultaneous interpretation trainees before and after a Master's program in conference interpreting. We compared them to multilingual control participants scanned at the same interval of time. Increases in cortical thickness were specific to trainee interpreters...
January 9, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070747/enhanced-bulbar-function-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-the-nuedexta-treatment-trial
#9
Richard Smith, Erik Pioro, Kathleen Myers, Michael Sirdofsky, Kimberly Goslin, Gregg Meekins, Hong Yu, James Wymer, Merit Cudkowicz, Eric A Macklin, David Schoenfeld, Gary Pattee
The goal of this randomized, blinded, crossover clinical trial was to determine whether Nuedexta (dextromethorphan and quinidine) enhanced speech, swallowing, and salivation in patients with ALS. Sixty patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) received either Nuedexta or placebo for 28 to 30 days, followed by a 10 to 15-day washout period. Subsequently, patients were switched to the opposite treatment arm for the remaining days of the trial. The primary endpoint was a reduction in the self-report Center for Neurologic Study Bulbar Function Scale (CNS-BFS) score...
January 9, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069925/cerebellar-tdcs-modulates-neural-circuits-during-semantic-prediction-a-combined-tdcs-fmri-study
#10
Anila M D'Mello, Peter E Turkeltaub, Catherine J Stoodley
: It has been proposed that the cerebellum acquires internal models of mental processes that enable prediction, allowing for the optimization of behavior. In language, semantic prediction speeds speech production and comprehension. Right cerebellar lobules VI and VII (including Crus I/II) are engaged during a variety of language processes and are functionally connected with cerebral cortical language networks. Further, right posterolateral cerebellar neuromodulation modifies behavior during predictive language processing...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060992/a-longitudinal-study-in-children-with-sequential-bilateral-cochlear-implants-time-course-for-the-second-implanted-ear-and-bilateral-performance
#11
Ruth M Reeder, Jill B Firszt, Jamie H Cadieux, Michael J Strube
Purpose: Whether, and if so when, a second-ear cochlear implant should be provided to older, unilaterally implanted children is an ongoing clinical question. This study evaluated rate of speech recognition progress for the second implanted ear and with bilateral cochlear implants in older sequentially implanted children and evaluated localization abilities. Method: A prospective longitudinal study included 24 bilaterally implanted children (mean ear surgeries at 5...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056104/sleep-driven-computations-in-speech-processing
#12
Rebecca L A Frost, Padraic Monaghan
Acquiring language requires segmenting speech into individual words, and abstracting over those words to discover grammatical structure. However, these tasks can be conflicting-on the one hand requiring memorisation of precise sequences that occur in speech, and on the other requiring a flexible reconstruction of these sequences to determine the grammar. Here, we examine whether speech segmentation and generalisation of grammar can occur simultaneously-with the conflicting requirements for these tasks being over-come by sleep-related consolidation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040035/infant-directed-speech-reduces-english-learning-infants-preference-for-trochaic-words
#13
Yuanyuan Wang, Christopher S Lee, Derek M Houston
Over the past couple of decades, research has established that (1) infant-directed speech (IDS) facilitates speech, language, and cognitive development; and (2) infants are sensitive to the rhythmic structures in the ambient language. However, little is known about the role of IDS in infants' processing of rhythmic structures. Building on these two lines of research, whether IDS enhances infants' sensitivity to the predominant stress pattern (trochaic) in English was asked. To address this question, 9-month-old American infants were familiarized and tested with both trochaic (e...
December 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025804/investigating-executive-working-memory-and-phonological-short-term-memory-in-relation-to-fluency-and-self-repair-behavior-in-l2-speech
#14
Effrosyni Georgiadou, Karen Roehr-Brackin
This paper reports the findings of a study investigating the relationship of executive working memory (WM) and phonological short-term memory (PSTM) to fluency and self-repair behavior during an unrehearsed oral task performed by second language (L2) speakers of English at two levels of proficiency, elementary and lower intermediate. Correlational analyses revealed a negative relationship between executive WM and number of pauses in the lower intermediate L2 speakers. However, no reliable association was found in our sample between executive WM or PSTM and self-repair behavior in terms of either frequency or type of self-repair...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996965/rapid-tuning-shifts-in-human-auditory-cortex-enhance-speech-intelligibility
#15
Christopher R Holdgraf, Wendy de Heer, Brian Pasley, Jochem Rieger, Nathan Crone, Jack J Lin, Robert T Knight, Frédéric E Theunissen
Experience shapes our perception of the world on a moment-to-moment basis. This robust perceptual effect of experience parallels a change in the neural representation of stimulus features, though the nature of this representation and its plasticity are not well-understood. Spectrotemporal receptive field (STRF) mapping describes the neural response to acoustic features, and has been used to study contextual effects on auditory receptive fields in animal models. We performed a STRF plasticity analysis on electrophysiological data from recordings obtained directly from the human auditory cortex...
December 20, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991470/air-traffic-controllers-long-term-speech-in-noise-training-effects-a-control-group-study
#16
Maria T P Zaballos, Daniel P Plasencia, María L Z González, Angel R de Miguel, Ángel R Macías
INTRODUCTION: Speech perception in noise relies on the capacity of the auditory system to process complex sounds using sensory and cognitive skills. The possibility that these can be trained during adulthood is of special interest in auditory disorders, where speech in noise perception becomes compromised. Air traffic controllers (ATC) are constantly exposed to radio communication, a situation that seems to produce auditory learning. The objective of this study has been to quantify this effect...
November 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965572/voice-pitch-elicited-frequency-following-response-in-chinese-elderlies
#17
Shuo Wang, Jiong Hu, Ruijuan Dong, Dongxin Liu, Jing Chen, Gabriella Musacchia, Bo Liu
Background: Perceptual and electrophysiological studies have found reduced speech discrimination in quiet and noisy environment, delayed neural timing, decreased neural synchrony, and decreased temporal processing ability in elderlies, even those with normal hearing. However, recent studies have also demonstrated that language experience and auditory training enhance the temporal dynamics of sound encoding in the auditory brainstem response (ABR). The purpose of this study was to explore the pitch processing ability at the brainstem level in an aging population that has a tonal language background...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960585/challenges-for-the-application-of-optical-stimulation-in-the-cochlea-for-the-study-and-treatment-of-hearing-loss
#18
Rachael T Richardson, Alexander C Thompson, Andrew K Wise, Karina Needham
Electrical stimulation has long been the most effective strategy for evoking neural activity from bionic devices and has been used with great success in the cochlear implant to allow deaf people to hear speech and sound. Despite its success, the spread of electrical current stimulates a broad region of neural tissue meaning that contemporary devices have limited precision. Optical stimulation as an alternative has attracted much recent interest for its capacity to provide highly focused stimuli, and therefore, potentially improved sensory perception...
December 22, 2016: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960196/visual-context-enhanced-the-joint-contribution-of-iconic-gestures-and-visible-speech-to-degraded-speech-comprehension
#19
Linda Drijvers, Asli Özyürek
Purpose: This study investigated whether and to what extent iconic co-speech gestures contribute to information from visible speech to enhance degraded speech comprehension at different levels of noise-vocoding. Previous studies of the contributions of these 2 visual articulators to speech comprehension have only been performed separately. Method: Twenty participants watched videos of an actress uttering an action verb and completed a free-recall task. The videos were presented in 3 speech conditions (2-band noise-vocoding, 6-band noise-vocoding, clear), 3 multimodal conditions (speech + lips blurred, speech + visible speech, speech + visible speech + gesture), and 2 visual-only conditions (visible speech, visible speech + gesture)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960006/experiments-on-auditory-visual-perception-of-sentences-by-users-of-unilateral-bimodal-and-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#20
Michael F Dorman, Julie Liss, Shuai Wang, Visar Berisha, Cimarron Ludwig, Sarah Cook Natale
Purpose: Five experiments probed auditory-visual (AV) understanding of sentences by users of cochlear implants (CIs). Method: Sentence material was presented in auditory (A), visual (V), and AV test conditions to listeners with normal hearing and CI users. Results: (a) Most CI users report that most of the time, they have access to both A and V information when listening to speech. (b) CI users did not achieve better scores on a task of speechreading than did listeners with normal hearing...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
keyword
keyword
85275
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"