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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808036/reducing-posttreatment-relapse-in-cleft-lip-palatal-expansion-using-an-injectable-estrogen-nanodiamond-hydrogel
#1
Christine Hong, Dayoung Song, Dong-Keun Lee, Lawrence Lin, Hsin Chuan Pan, Deborah Lee, Peng Deng, Zhenqing Liu, Danny Hadaya, Hye-Lim Lee, Abdulaziz Mohammad, Xinli Zhang, Min Lee, Cun-Yu Wang, Dean Ho
Patients with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP), who undergo numerous medical interventions from infancy, can suffer from lifelong debilitation caused by underdeveloped maxillae. Conventional treatment approaches use maxillary expansion techniques to develop normal speech, achieve functional occlusion for nutrition intake, and improve esthetics. However, as patients with CLP congenitally lack bone in the cleft site with diminished capacity for bone formation in the expanded palate, more than 80% of the patient population experiences significant postexpansion relapse...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806706/auditory-cortex-lesions-impair-contralateral-tone-pattern-detection-under-informational-masking
#2
Lisa Prilop, Alexander Gutschalk
Impaired hearing contralateral to unilateral auditory-cortex lesions is typically only observed under conditions of perceptual competition, such as dichotic presentation or speech in noise. It remains unclear, however, if the source of this effect is direct competition in frequency-specific neurons, or if enhanced processing load in more distant frequencies can also impair auditory detection. To evaluate this question, we studied a group of patients with unilateral auditory-cortex lesions (N = 14, six left-hemispheric (LH), eight right-hemispheric (RH); four females; age range 26-72 years) and a control group (N = 25; 15 females; age range 18-76 years) with a target-detection task in presence of a multi-tone masker, which can produce informational masking...
July 19, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806341/impact-of-cochlear-implantation-on-cognitive-functions-of-older-adults-pilot-test-results
#3
Dona M P Jayakody, Peter L Friedland, Esmeralda Nel, Ralph N Martins, Marcus D Atlas, Hamid R Sohrabi
BACKGROUND: A significant relationship between hearing loss and cognitive impairment has been previously reported. Overall, improvement in speech perception in quiet and quality of life has been observed after cochlear implantation. However, the impact of hearing loss treatment using cochlear implantation on cognitive functions is yet to be fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of cochlear implantation on cognitive and psychological functions of older adults...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806335/a-smartphone-application-for-customized-frequency-table-selection-in-cochlear-implants
#4
Daniel Jethanamest, Mahan Azadpour, Annette M Zeman, Elad Sagi, Mario A Svirsky
HYPOTHESIS: A novel smartphone-based software application can facilitate self-selection of frequency allocation tables (FAT) in postlingually deaf cochlear implant (CI) users. BACKGROUND: CIs use FATs to represent the tonotopic organization of a normal cochlea. Current CI fitting methods typically use a standard FAT for all patients regardless of individual differences in cochlear size and electrode location. In postlingually deaf patients, different amounts of mismatch can result between the frequency-place function they experienced when they had normal hearing and the frequency-place function that results from the standard FAT...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806232/assessment-of-medical-surgical-patients-perception-of-hospital-noises-and-reported-ability-to-rest
#5
Christine L Locke, Diana S Pope
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to determine if an enhanced privacy curtain (1) impacted ability to rest while hospitalized in the acute care setting and (2) improved patient satisfaction associated with environmental noise. METHODS: The project evaluated a privacy curtain designed to increase speech privacy and intelligibility and reduce reverberation time (echo). The curtain was similar to the existing privacy curtain with 2 exceptions: the curtain panel had pocket inserts that absorbed sound, and curtain panels could be zipped together to reduce sound transmission through gaps...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803269/the-callosal-relay-model-of-interhemispheric-communication-new-evidence-from-effective-connectivity-analysis
#6
Saskia Steinmann, Jan Meier, Guido Nolte, Andreas K Engel, Gregor Leicht, Christoph Mulert
Interhemispheric auditory connectivity via the corpus callosum has been demonstrated to be important for normal speech processing. According to the callosal relay model, directed information flow from the right to the left auditory cortex has been suggested, but this has not yet been proven. For this purpose, 33 healthy participants were investigated with 64-channel EEG while performing the dichotic listening task in which two different consonant-vowel syllables were presented simultaneously to the left (LE) and right ear (RE)...
August 12, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800613/ongoing-slow-oscillatory-phase-modulates-speech-intelligibility-in-cooperation-with-motor-cortical-activity
#7
Takayuki Onojima, Keiichi Kitajo, Hiroaki Mizuhara
Neural oscillation is attracting attention as an underlying mechanism for speech recognition. Speech intelligibility is enhanced by the synchronization of speech rhythms and slow neural oscillation, which is typically observed as human scalp electroencephalography (EEG). In addition to the effect of neural oscillation, it has been proposed that speech recognition is enhanced by the identification of a speaker's motor signals, which are used for speech production. To verify the relationship between the effect of neural oscillation and motor cortical activity, we measured scalp EEG, and simultaneous EEG and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during a speech recognition task in which participants were required to recognize spoken words embedded in noise sound...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796033/rtms-treatments-combined-with-speech-training-for-a-conduction-aphasia-patient-a-case-report-with-mri-study
#8
Hui Zhang, Ying Chen, Ruiping Hu, Liqing Yang, Mengxing Wang, Jilei Zhang, Haifeng Lu, Yi Wu, Xiaoxia Du
RATIONALE: To date, little is known regarding the neural mechanisms of the functional recovery of language after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in aphasia. Our aim was to investigate the mechanism that underlies rTMS and speech training in a case report. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: We report the case of a 39-year-old woman who was initially diagnosed with conduction aphasia following a left hemisphere stroke. INTERVENTIONS: The rTMS location comprised the left Broca area, and a frequency of 5 Hz for 20 min/d for 10 days during a 2-week period was used...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794905/further-clinical-delineation-of-the-mef2c-haploinsufficiency-syndrome-report-on-new-cases-and-literature-review-of-severe-neurodevelopmental-disorders-presenting-with-seizures-absent-speech-and-involuntary-movements
#9
REVIEW
Irena Vrečar, Josie Innes, Elizabeth A Jones, Helen Kingston, William Reardon, Bronwyn Kerr, Jill Clayton-Smith, Sofia Douzgou
Mutations in the MEF2C ( myocyte enhancer factor 2 ) gene have been established as a cause for an intellectual disability syndrome presenting with seizures, absence of speech, stereotypic movements, hypotonia, and limited ambulation. Phenotypic overlap with Rett's and Angelman's syndromes has been noted. Following the first reports of 5q14.3q15 microdeletions encompassing the MEF2C gene, further cases with point mutations and partial gene deletions of the MEF2C gene have been described. We present the clinical phenotype of our cohort of six patients with MEF2C mutations and compare our findings with previously reported patients as well as with a growing number of genetic conditions presenting with a severe neurodevelopmental, Rett-like, phenotype...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792257/strategies-for-interprofessional-facilitators-and-clinical-supervisors-that-may-enhance-the-emotional-intelligence-of-therapy-students
#10
Nigel Gribble, Richard K Ladyshewsky, Richard Parsons
Emotional intelligence (EI) is a critical skill for occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and speech pathology students (therapy students). This article reports the findings from an analysis of interviews with therapy students (n = 24) to determine the aspects of clinical placements that therapy students perceived as influencing the changes in EI scores. This article reports the findings of the qualitative phase of a longitudinal, retrospective mixed methods design. Interviewees were selected using purposive sampling...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792094/audiovisual-integration-as-conflict-resolution-the-conflict-of-the-mcgurk-illusion
#11
Luis Morís Fernández, Emiliano Macaluso, Salvador Soto-Faraco
There are two main behavioral expressions of multisensory integration (MSI) in speech; the perceptual enhancement produced by the sight of the congruent lip movements of the speaker, and the illusory sound perceived when a speech syllable is dubbed with incongruent lip movements, in the McGurk effect. These two models have been used very often to study MSI. Here, we contend that, unlike congruent audiovisually (AV) speech, the McGurk effect involves brain areas related to conflict detection and resolution. To test this hypothesis, we used fMRI to measure blood oxygen level dependent responses to AV speech syllables...
August 9, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790953/functionally-equivalent-variants-in-a-non-standard-variety-and-their-implications-for-universal-grammar-a-spontaneous-speech-corpus
#12
Evelina Leivada, Elena Papadopoulou, Natalia Pavlou
Findings from the field of experimental linguistics have shown that a native speaker may judge a variant that is part of her grammar as unacceptable, but still use it productively in spontaneous speech. The process of eliciting acceptability judgments from speakers of non-standard languages is sometimes clouded by factors akin to prescriptive notions of grammatical correctness. It has been argued that standardization enhances the ability to make clear-cut judgments, while non-standardization may result to grammatical hybridity, often manifested in the form of functionally equivalent variants in the repertoire of a single speaker...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779937/effectiveness-of-yoga-training-program-on-the-severity-of-autism
#13
Mohammad Saber Sotoodeh, Elahe Arabameri, Maryam Panahibakhsh, Fatemeh Kheiroddin, Hatef Mirdoozandeh, Ahmad Ghanizadeh
This study examines the effect of yoga training program (YTP) on the severity of autism in children with High Function Autism (HFA). Twenty-nine children aged 7 to 15 (mean = 11.22, SD = 2.91) years were randomly allocated to either yoga or control group. The participants in the yoga group received an 8-week (24-session) Yoga Training Program (YTP). Parents or caregivers of participants completed autism treatment evaluation checklist (ATEC) at baseline and the end of the intervention. The results of the analysis showed that there were significant differences between the two groups with regards to all ATEC sub-scores except ATEC I (speech/language/communication)...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769752/spoken-word-recognition-enhancement-due-to-preceding-synchronized-beats-compared-to-unsynchronized-or-unrhythmic-beats
#14
Christos Sidiras, Vasiliki Iliadou, Ioannis Nimatoudis, Tobias Reichenbach, Doris-Eva Bamiou
The relation between rhythm and language has been investigated over the last decades, with evidence that these share overlapping perceptual mechanisms emerging from several different strands of research. The dynamic Attention Theory posits that neural entrainment to musical rhythm results in synchronized oscillations in attention, enhancing perception of other events occurring at the same rate. In this study, this prediction was tested in 10 year-old children by means of a psychoacoustic speech recognition in babble paradigm...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758567/the-benefit-of-a-visually-guided-beamformer-in-a-dynamic-speech-task
#15
Virginia Best, Elin Roverud, Timothy Streeter, Christine R Mason, Gerald Kidd
The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a visually guided hearing aid (VGHA) under conditions designed to capture some aspects of "real-world" communication settings. The VGHA uses eye gaze to steer the acoustic look direction of a highly directional beamforming microphone array. Although the VGHA has been shown to enhance speech intelligibility for fixed-location, frontal targets, it is currently not known whether these benefits persist in the face of frequent changes in location of the target talker that are typical of conversational turn-taking...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755055/structured-reports-of-videofluoroscopic-swallowing-studies-have-the-potential-to-improve-overall-report-quality-compared-to-free-text-reports
#16
Franziska Schoeppe, Wieland H Sommer, Mareike Haack, Miriam Havel, Marika Rheinwald, Juliane Wechtenbruch, Martin R Fischer, Felix G Meinel, Bastian O Sabel, Nora N Sommer
PURPOSE: To compare free text (FTR) and structured reports (SR) of videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS) and evaluate satisfaction of referring otolaryngologists and speech therapists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both standard FTR and SR of 26 patients with VFSS were acquired. A dedicated template focusing on oropharyngeal phases was created for SR using online software with clickable decision-trees and concomitant generation of semantically structured reports...
July 28, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753162/auditory-and-audiovisual-close-shadowing-in-post-lingually-deaf-cochlear-implanted-patients-and-normal-hearing-elderly-adults
#17
Lucie Scarbel, Denis Beautemps, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Marc Sato
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the effect of auditory deprivation and age-related speech decline on perceptuo-motor abilities during speech processing in post-lingually deaf cochlear-implanted participants and in normal-hearing elderly (NHE) participants. DESIGN: A close-shadowing experiment was carried out on 10 cochlear-implanted patients and on 10 NHE participants, with two groups of normal-hearing young participants as controls. To this end, participants had to categorize auditory and audiovisual syllables as quickly as possible, either manually or orally...
July 27, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750368/changes-in-white-matter-integrity-following-intensive-voice-treatment-lsvt-loud%C3%A2-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-motor-speech-disorders
#18
Alesha Reed, Jacqueline Cummine, Reyhaneh Bakhtiari, Cynthia M Fox, Carol A Boliek
Preliminary evidence suggests that intensive voice and speech treatment based on activity-dependent neuroplasticity principles holds promise for affecting positive change in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and motor speech disorders. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows researchers to make inferences about the integrity of white matter tracks and provides a sensitive measure of neuroplasticity. Previous treatment studies looking at the effects of training on white matter integrity have shown positive results, but these studies have been limited to gross motor function...
July 28, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746932/morbidity-and-functional-outcomes-following-free-jejunal-flap-reconstruction-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#19
Song Ni, Yiming Zhu, Dong Qu, Jian Wang, Dezhi Li, Bin Zhang, Zhengang Xu, Shaoyan Liu
AIM: To evaluate the morbidity and fundamental functional outcomes (swallow and speech) after free jejunal flap (FJF) reconstruction following total pharyngolaryngo-esophagectomy (PLE) in China. METHODS: 18 patients with FJF reconstruction after total PLE were retrospectively reviewed. Scheduled barium swallow test was performed 7-10 days postoperatively. Rehabilitation of swallowing and speech for patients was assessed by the Performance Status Scale for Head and Neck Cancer Patients...
July 27, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731964/the-relationship-between-environmental-sound-awareness-and-speech-recognition-skills-in-experienced-cochlear-implant-users
#20
Michael S Harris, Lauren Boyce, David B Pisoni, Valeriy Shafiro, Aaron C Moberly
HYPOTHESIS: 1) Environmental sound awareness (ESA) and speech recognition skills in experienced, adult cochlear implant (CI) users will be highly correlated, and, 2) ESA skills of CI users will be significantly lower than those of age-matched adults with normal hearing. BACKGROUND: Enhancement of ESA is often discussed with patients with sensorineural hearing loss as a potential benefit of implantation and, in some cases, ESA may be a major motivating factor. Despite its ecological validity and patients' expectations, ESA remains largely a presumed skill...
July 20, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
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