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Dental Patient Safety

Colin B Wiebe, Bonnie J Hoath, Gethin Owen, Jiarui Bi, Georgios Giannelis, Hannu S Larjava
Traditionally, periodontal hand instruments are honed or sharpened during patient care as they dull easily during contact with enamel, calculus and cementum. This approach is taught in dental and hygiene schools around the world and remains the standard of care. Recently, some professional organizations have questioned whether this practice should be abandoned because of safety issues. Questions have been raised whether sharpening stones can be properly sterilized and whether the sharpening of contaminated instruments poses a health hazard for the provider...
September 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
Donald L Chi, Peter Milgrom, Jane Gillette
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to describe the key lessons learned during the stakeholder engagement stage of planning a randomized clinical trial comparing outcomes of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) as an alternative to pit-and-fissure sealants in a school-based delivery system. Methods: Eighteen caregivers and community-based stakeholders with involvement in the school-based sealant program Sealants for Smiles from the state of Montana, were recruited for this qualitative study...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Abdullah Mohammed Al Saedan, Omar Abdullah Al Dayel
A positive safety culture is essential to patient safety because it improves quality of care. The aim of this study was to assess staff and student perceptions of the patient safety culture in the clinics of the College of Dentistry at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia.A cross-sectional study was conducted in the College of Dentistry at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia. It included 4th and 5th year students, interns, general practitioners, and dental assistants. The data were collected by using paper-based questionnaire of modified version of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
A Holden
Background The ability of the dental profession to self-regulate and address poor performance or impairment is crucial if practitioners are to demonstrate a public commitment to patient safety. Failure of the profession to actively engage in this activity is likely to call into question trustworthiness and ability to place the interests of patients and the public first.Aim To investigate attitudes towards self-regulation and the raising of concerns as expressed through the ethical codes of different dental professional and regulatory organisations...
February 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
Philip Jesch, Wolfgang Jesch, Emanuel Bruckmoser, Mischa Krebs, Tibor Kladek, Rudolf Seemann
BACKGROUND: This study investigates gender, age, jaw, implant position, loading protocol (immediate vs delayed), smoking, and type of surgery (punch vs flap) as influential factors of implant survival in a large patient collective. PURPOSE: To evaluate the survival rates of implants in patients using a mucoperiosteal punch for flapless implantation in the majority of cases in order to evaluate its medical efficacy and safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1994 and 2015 all patients with complete data treated at the Wienerberg Dental Clinic, Vienna, Austria, were included and statistically analyzed in Cox proportional hazard (PH) models...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Alexandros Mandalidis, Antonios Topalidis, Evangelos A Voudrias, Nikolaos Iosifidis
The overall objective of this work is to determine the composition, characterization and production rate of Greek dental solid waste (DSW). This information is important to design and cost management systems for DSW, for safety and health considerations and for assessing environmental impact. A total of 141 kg of DSW produced by a total of 2542 patients in 20 dental practices from Xanthi, Greece was collected, manually separated and weighed over a period of four working weeks. The waste was separated in 19 sub fractions, which were classified in 2 major categories, according to Greek regulations: Domestic-type waste comprising 8% and hazardous waste comprising 92% by weight of total DSW...
February 1, 2018: Waste Management
Yookyeong Carolyn Sim, Gu-Hwan Kim, Sung-Weon Choi, Kang-Min Ahn
The purpose of this study was to report clinical characteristics, surgical results, and new PTCH1 gene mutations in nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS). Five patients were referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from local dental clinics between 2006 and 2016 to treat multiple keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KOTs). The cystic lesions were enucleated and peripheral ostectomy was performed to obtain safety margin. Recurrence and/or de novo development of KOT were assessed. Gene analysis using peripheral blood was performed in all patients to identify the mutation of PTCH1 gene...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Na Yeoun Kim, Sami Stagnell
BACKGROUND: The qualified dentists in the United Kingdom (UK) are not expected to be competent in practising implant dentistry without further training in the subject and there is now greater emphasis on postgraduate training in Dental Implantology. There are three main education pathways at present, yet their training standards vary significantly. This study aims to identify UK postgraduate academic qualifications and continuing professional development (CPD) courses available in the field of Dental Implantology and evaluates the current standard of the postgraduate training programmes against the Training Standards in Implant Dentistry (TSID) guidelines from Faculty of General Dental Practice (FGDP (UK))...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Enihomo Obadan-Udoh, Sophy Van der Berg-Cloete, Rachel Ramoni, Elsbeth Kalenderian, John George White
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, there has been an increase in research studies highlighting patients' experiences of adverse events (AEs) as well as the role of patients in promoting safety. The primary goal of the study was to assess the prevalence of dental AEs (DAEs) among dental patients in South Africa and its associated factors. The integration of the patient perspective into dental patient safety research will enhance our collective understanding of DAEs. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of adult patients at a large dental academic institution in South Africa from May to June 2015, evaluating their previous experiences of DAEs at any dental clinic in South Africa...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
Elisabet Farré-Guasch, Nathalie Bravenboer, Marco N Helder, Engelbert A J M Schulten, Christiaan M Ten Bruggenkate, Jenneke Klein-Nulend
Bone substitutes are used as alternatives for autologous bone grafts in patients undergoing maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE) for dental implant placement. However, bone substitutes lack osteoinductive and angiogenic potential. Addition of adipose stem cells (ASCs) may stimulate osteogenesis and osteoinduction, as well as angiogenesis. We aimed to evaluate the vascularization in relation to bone formation potential of the ASC-containing stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of adipose tissue, seeded on two types of calcium phosphate carriers, within the human MSFE model, in a phase I study...
January 20, 2018: Materials
J A Horst
Medical management of caries is a distinct treatment philosophy that employs topical minimally invasive therapies that treat the disease and is not merely prevention. This strategy is justified as an alternative or supplement to traditional care by significant disease recurrence rates following comprehensive operative treatment under general anesthesia. Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is one agent to enable effective noninvasive treatment. The announcement of breakthrough therapy designation by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) suggests that SDF may become the first FDA-approved drug for treating caries...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Caio Chaves Guimarães, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Mabel Fernandes Fiqueiró, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The management of anxious patients undergoing dental procedures is still a challenge in clinical practice. Despite a wide variety of drugs for oral sedation in adult patients, there are relatively few systematic reviews that compare the effectiveness and safety of different drugs administered via this route. Thus, this study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of oral sedation with benzodiazepines and other agents to patients undergoing dental surgical procedures...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Steven E Christensen, Stephen A Cooper, Randall J Mack, Stewart W McCallum, Wei Du, Alex Freyer
This randomized, controlled phase 2 study was conducted to evaluate the analgesic efficacy, safety, and tolerability of single intravenous (IV) doses of 15 mg, 30 mg, and 60 mg meloxicam compared with oral ibuprofen 400 mg and placebo after dental impaction surgery. The primary efficacy end point was the sum of time-weighted pain intensity differences for 0-24 hours postdose. Among 230 evaluable subjects, meloxicam IV 60 mg produced the greatest reduction in pain, followed by the 30-mg and 15-mg doses. Statistically significant differences in summed pain intensity differences over 24 hours were demonstrated for each active-treatment group vs placebo (favoring active treatment) and for meloxicam IV 30 mg and 60 mg vs ibuprofen 400 mg (favoring meloxicam IV)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
William Parker, Cameron G Estrich, Elliot Abt, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Jonathan B Waugh, Aaron Conway, Ruth D Lipman, Marcelo W B Araujo
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a priority in dentistry. Evaluating the benefits and harms associated with the addition of capnography to standard monitoring during moderate sedation for adult patients in the dental practice setting is needed. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors used rapid review methodology to identify relevant systematic reviews, which they updated through a systematic search by using the same search strategy as the identified reviews. The authors searched PubMed and Google Scholar and through the references of the identified systematic reviews, which yielded 2,892 studies...
January 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Aline Maria Alves Vilarinho Oliveira, Rômulo Maia de Alencar, Jhonatas Cley Santos Porto, Isla Rita Brito Fontenele Ramos, Iraci Salmito Noleto, Tanit Clementino Santos, Mitra Mobin
This quantitative and qualitative study aimed to evaluate the level of fungal contamination in aerosols dispersed by high rotation pens in dental clinics from Teresina, Piaui, Brazil. The data were collected during the attendance at two dental clinics. Petri dishes containing Sabouraud agar with chloramphenicol were opened for 15 min in the following places: in front of the chair, on the partitions to the right and left of the chair, and in the neighboring workbench. The plates were incubated at room temperature to allow the fungal growth and subsequent species identification...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
X L Guo, G Li, Y Cheng, Q Yu, H Wang, Z Y Zhang
With the rapid development of imaging technology, the application of dental imaging in diagnosis, treatment planning, intraoperative surgical navigation, monitoring of treatment or lesion development and assessment of treatment outcomes is playing an essential role in oral healthcare. The increased total number of dental X-ray examinations is accompanied by a relatively significant increase in collective dose to patients as well as to dental healthcare workers, which is harmful to human bodies to a certain degree...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
E G Margaryan, Yu O Paramonov
The aim of the study was to assess gender-related preferences in the choice of oral rehabilitation methods. The study involved 225 patients aged 16-75. The analysis included patients survey and the assessment of actual procedures received during one year follow-up. The study revealed women to be more attentive to oral health issues resulting in more regular appointments and better compliance. Dental treatment before planned pregnancy was, however, completed in only half of the patients. When choosing materials and constructions for oral rehabilitation the leading criteria for men were 'quality' and 'safety', while women chose 'esthetics' and 'quality'...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
Seo-Young An, Kyung-Min Lee, Jae-Seo Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate dentists' perceptions and attitudes regarding radiation safety in dental practices in Korea. METHODS: Two hundred seven dentists participated in this study. An anonymous survey was conducted regarding the following areas: years of practice, characteristics of the radiography equipment, knowledge of diagnostic reference levels, prescription of dental radiographs, use of radiation protection procedures, and participation in the radiation safety program...
December 13, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
Oluwabunmi Tokede, Muhammad Walji, Rachel Ramoni, Donald B Rindal, Donald Worley, Nutan Hebballi, Krishna Kumar, Claire van Strien, Mengxia Chen, Shaked Navat-Pelli, Hongchun Liu, Jini Etolue, Alfa Yansane, Enihomo Obadan-Udoh, Casey Easterday, Chris Enstad, Sheryl Kane, William Rush, Elsbeth Kalenderian
BACKGROUND: Preventable medical errors in hospital settings are the third leading cause of deaths in the United States. However, less is known about harm that occurs in patients in outpatient settings, where the majority of care is delivered. We do not know the likelihood that a patient sitting in a dentist chair will experience harm. Additionally, we do not know if patients of certain race, age, sex, or socioeconomic status disproportionately experience iatrogenic harm. METHODS: We initiated the Dental Practice Study (DPS) with the aim of determining the frequency and types of adverse events (AEs) that occur in dentistry on the basis of retrospective chart audit...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
J C Field, J G Cowpe, A D Walmsley
With "The Graduating European Dentist", ADEE provides a new approach that reflects best academic practice for European undergraduate dental education. The new suite of documents sees increased emphasis on important curriculum components such as patient safety, working as a team and patient-centred care. There is also an increased emphasis on teaching excellence, student satisfaction and student preparedness and support. Guidance relating to methods of teaching and learning, and assessment (educational measurement), is also provided...
December 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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