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Dental Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529934/coronoid-impingement-syndrome-literature-review-and-clinical-management
#1
Priti Acharya, Andrew Stewart, Farhad B Naini
BACKGROUND: This case report discusses the unusual presentation of limited mouth opening as a result of bilateral coronoid process hyperplasia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14.5-year-old male patient of white Caucasian ethnicity presented with limited mouth opening, mandibular asymmetry, and dental crowding. Investigations confirmed bilateral coronoid process hyperplasia and management involved bilateral intraoral coronoidectomy surgery under general anaesthesia, followed by muscular rehabilitation...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527873/comparison-of-xenon-with-led-illuminant-in-difficult-and-inhalation-injury-airway-scenario-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-study
#2
Andreas Moritz, Johannes Prottengeier, Joachim Schmidt
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a Xenon halogen with a light-emitting diode (LED) laryngoscope light handle in a difficult airway scenario, as well as in an inhalation injury airway scenario that combines a difficult airway and a limited view. METHODS: We recruited forty-two anesthetists into a randomized crossover trial. Each performed tracheal intubation (TI) with a Xenon halogen and a LED light handle in the two manikin scenarios...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527848/combined-therapy-for-a-rare-case-of-type-iii-dens-invaginatus-in-a-mandibular-central-incisor-with-a-periapical-lesion-a-case-report
#3
Ping Zhang, Xin Wei
Type III dens invaginatus has a complex root canal structure that poses a greater challenge when endodontic treatment is necessary. Type III dens invaginatus rarely affects mandibular central incisors. In this case, we reported a combined therapy of type III dens invaginatus in a mandibular central incisor with a periapical lesion. Cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging was used in the diagnosis and management of the unusual anatomy of dens invaginatus. First, the hard tissue of the dens invaginatus was removed using a dental operating microscope...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523092/management-of-a-life-threatening-bleeding-following-extraction-of-deciduous-second-molar-related-to-a-capillary-haemangioma
#4
REVIEW
Amr Amin Ghanem, Yasser Nabil El Hadidi
Various forms of vascular lesion affect the head and neck region. The head and neck vascular lesions are classified into neoplasms and malformations. Neoplasm presents either as hemangioma or lymphangioma; neoplasm usually presents in young age compared with vascular malformation. A 9-year-old female patient presented to the outpatient clinic referred from the department of pedodontics after extraction of a right mandibular second deciduous molar. Extraction was done by dental GP in outpatient clinic. Massive bleeding followed the extraction...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513894/the-dentoalveolar-prosthesis-a-novel-approach-in-the-reconstruction-of-hard-and-soft-tissue-deficiencies
#5
James K Doll, Peter Barndt, Gerald Grant
A clinical problem commonly encountered by the advanced restorative dentist is a requirement to replace missing teeth and the supporting alveolus in areas adjacent to healthy or manageable dentition. A potential solution could utilize a dentoalveolar prosthesis fabricated on two or more implants in the edentulous area. The implant substructure, or framework, may be cast, milled, or selectively laser melted from a variety of metals. A superstructure, or ceramic overlay incorporating a ceramic or composite resin gingival tissue component, is constructed to fit over the implant substructure and luted to the substructure with resin cement...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512554/a-case-report-on-dental-management-of-a-toddler-with-pachygyria
#6
Vignesh Ravindran, Vishnu Rekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi-Baghkomeh, Ditto Sharmin
Children with special health care needs receive less oral care than the normal population, inspite of the high level of dental diseases among them. They are at an increased risk for oral diseases throughout their lifetime. This paper reports a case of a toddler with congenital unusual thick convolutions of the cortex resulting in a condition called pachygyria. Intra oral examination showed multiple abscesses with poor oral hygiene. As the patient was lacking cooperative ability, treatment of full mouth rehabilitation as needed...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512495/endodontic-management-of-open-apex-teeth-using-lyophilized-collagen-sponge-and-mta-cement-report-of-two-cases
#7
Miriam Graziele Magro, Milton Carlos Kuga, Weber Adad Ricci, Kátia Cristina Keine, Mateus Rodrigues Tonetto, Suellen Linares Lima, Alvaro Henrique Borges, Lauriê Garcia Belizário, Matheus Coêlho Bandeca
Teeth with open apices, such as in immature teeth or those with apical root resorption are clinical cases with difficult immediate resolution. With the use of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) in dentistry, it was possible to optimize the treatment time of these cases by immediate placement of apical plug and the root canal filling. However, some negative effects can occur if MTA is extruded beyond the apex. To avoid this accident, it has been recommended to use of an apical matrix prior to placement of MTA...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511779/an-evidence-based-review-of-the-efficacy-of-treatment-approaches-for-immature-permanent-teeth-with-pulp-necrosis
#8
REVIEW
Bill Kahler, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Nadia Chugal, Louis M Lin
INTRODUCTION: Two fundamental assumptions for teeth treated with regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) are (1) that the clinical outcome is comparable with the traditional techniques of calcium hydroxide apexification and mineral trioxide aggregate apical barrier techniques and (2) that REPs will result in further root maturation. METHODS: A systematic review of the electronic databases (Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science) involved a search for studies that used quantitative assessments of root maturation...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506653/inhibition-of-denture-plaque-deposition-on-complete-dentures-by-2-methacryloyloxyethyl-phosphorylcholine-polymer-coating-a-clinical-study
#9
Kenji Ikeya, Fuminori Iwasa, Yuuki Inoue, Miya Fukunishi, Nana Takahashi, Kazuhiko Ishihara, Kazuyoshi Baba
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Denture plaque-associated infections are regarded as a source of serious dental and medical complications in the elderly population. Methods of managing this problem are needed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the effects of treatment with a 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine polymer, PMBPAz, on plaque deposition in complete dentures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Showa University (#2013-013)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506106/management-of-direct-acting-oral-anticoagulants-surrounding-dental-procedures-with-low-to-moderate-risk-of-bleeding
#10
Kathleen A Lusk, Jenna L Snoga, Rebekah M Benitez, G Blair Sarbacker
The purpose of this article is to review the available evidence regarding how to safely manage direct-acting oral anticoagulant (DOAC) therapy in patients requiring dental procedures with low-to-moderate risk of bleeding. A literature search was performed using MEDLINE and PubMed. Each author performed an independent search to ensure all pertinent articles were identified. The reference sections of each article were also reviewed. Pertinent articles were evaluated by each author for inclusion. Articles were eligible for inclusion if the participants were taking DOAC therapy surrounding a dental procedure known to have low-to-moderate risk of bleeding...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504861/the-efficacy-of-benzodiazepines-as-acute-anxiolytics-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#11
Heide Kuang, Jessica A Johnson, Jilian M Mulqueen, Michael H Bloch
OBJECTIVE: Current practice guidelines do not recommend benzodiazepines for acute management of anxiety disorders in pediatric patients. However, in procedural settings, benzodiazepines are commonly used to relieve acute preprocedural stress. This meta-analysis examines the efficacy and tolerability of benzodiazepines as short-term anxiolytics in children. METHOD: PubMed was searched for randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy of benzodiazepines as short-term anxiolytics in pediatric patients...
May 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503481/dental-management-of-patients-with-x-linked-hypophosphatemia
#12
Bin-Na Lee, Hye-Yoon Jung, Hoon-Sang Chang, Yun-Chan Hwang, Won-Mann Oh
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a hereditary metabolic disease caused by the loss of phosphate through the renal tubules into the urine, and an associated decrease in serum calcium and potassium phosphate. Its dental features include spontaneous dental abscesses that occur in the absence of trauma or dental caries. The aim of this case report was to describe the dental problems of XLH patients and to evaluate limitations in their treatment. A 14 year old male and a 38 year old female with XLH were referred to the Department of Conservative Dentistry for endodontic treatment...
May 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501946/application-of-international-caries-detection-and-assessment-system-icdas-and-caries-management-by-risk-assessment-cambra-systems-in-child-cancer-patients-a-clinical-case-report
#13
A Hernández Fernández, R E Oñate Sánchez, E Fernández Miñano, P Iniesta López-Matencio, A J Ortiz Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Leukaemia represents 30-40% of all paediatric malignant tumours and is the main cause of death in patients aged <15 years. One of the main complications in these patients is infection, which may often occur in the oral cavity. Chemotherapy-related oral health problems may be reduced by oral healthcare strategies based on the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) and Caries Management by Risk Assessment (CABRA). CASE REPORT: A case is reported of a 14-year-old girl treated for leukaemia who presented with established dental caries lesions which were classified and treated according to ICDAS and CABRA protocols...
May 13, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497678/eosinophil-fungal-rhinosinusitis-caused-by-fusarium-infection-secondary-to-odontogenic-maxillary-sinus-disease-when-collaboration-between-otolaryngologist-and-allergologist-leads-to-the-correct-diagnosis-and-therapy
#14
P Gamba, C Lombardi
Rhinitis and sinusitis usually coexist and are concurrent in most individuals; thus, the correct terminology is now "rhinosinusitis". On the basis of numerous causative factors, often co-existing in the same patient, the diagnosis of rhinosinusitis is also made by a wide variety of practitioners (allergologists, otolaryngologists, pulmonologists, primary care physicians, paediatricians, and many others). Approximately 5-15% of the population suffers from chronic rhinosinusitis, and in 10-12% of them, it is of dental origin...
May 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496255/enhanced-skills-in-periodontology-evaluation-of-a-pilot-scheme-for-general-dental-practitioners-and-dental-care-professionals-in-london
#15
S G Ghotane, V Harrison, E Radcliffe, E Jones, J E Gallagher
Background The need for periodontal management is great and increasing; thus, the oral and dental workforce should be suitably equipped to deliver contemporary care. Health Education London developed a training scheme to extend the skills of dentists and dental care professionals (DCPs).Aim To examine the feasibility of assessing a skill-mix initiative established to enhance skills in clinical periodontology involving the views of patients, clinicians and key stakeholders, together with clinical and patient outcomes in London...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496251/the-management-of-cracked-tooth-syndrome-in-dental-practice
#16
S Banerji, S B Mehta, B J Millar
Cracked tooth syndrome is a commonly encountered condition in dental practice which frequently causes diagnostic and management challenges. This paper provides an overview of the diagnosis of this condition and goes on to discuss current short and long-term management strategies applicable to dental practitioners. This paper also covers the diagnosis and management of this common condition and aims to inform clinicians of the current thinking, as well as to provide an overview of the techniques commonly used in managing cracked tooth syndrome...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496240/beyond-onj-a-review-of-the-potential-uses-of-bisphosphonates-in-dentistry
#17
N P Shah, S Nayee, M Pazianas, C Sproat
There is evidence, although limited, for beneficial effects of bisphophonates (BPs) across multiple dental specialties. Within implant dentistry BP coatings have been shown to significantly increase pull out forces and bone density in animal models, and significantly increase implant stability whilst reducing marginal bone loss in humans. Adjunctive topical and systemic application of BPs during conventional periodontal treatment have shown significant improvements in probing depth and clinical attachment level in various forms of periodontal disease...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493112/the-teaching-of-management-of-the-pulp-in-primary-molars-across-europe
#18
J Monteiro, A Ní Chaollaí, M Duggal
AIM: To determine which methods of primary pulp therapy are currently being taught in European dental schools. METHODS: An online survey tool was employed to send questionnaires to paediatric dentistry departments of 202 European dental schools. Email addresses were obtained from the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry and questionnaires were sent to one member of each department in December 2014. The survey included questions on treatment choices and clinical scenarios where respondents indicated how they would advise students to proceed, given a particular case...
May 10, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492423/a-survey-of-the-opinion-and-experience-of-uk-dentists-part-3-an-evidence-based-protocol-of-surgical-risk-management-strategies-in-the-mandible
#19
Cemal Ucer, Zehra Yilmaz, Edwin Scher, Jon Suzuki, Tara Renton
BACKGROUND: Implant surgery in the mandible can cause serious complications that can be life threatening. The incidence and cause of iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury (TNI) related to dental implant surgery was investigated in a survey of the opinion and experience of the UK dentists and reported by the authors in part 1 of this series of articles. Part 2 reported on the risk assessment and management of implant-related inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), mental nerve (MN), and lingual nerve (LN) injuries...
May 10, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492197/the-effect-of-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-on-adhesive-restorations-for-dental-caries-in-deciduous-molars
#20
Eliane Batista de Medeiros Serpa, Marayza Alves Clementino, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Aronita Rosenblatt
BACKGROUND: Minimal invasive approaches to managing caries, such as partial caries removal techniques and atraumatic restorative treatment (ART), are showing increasing evidence of improved outcomes over the conventional complete caries removal. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinically and radiographically the effect of ART on restorations using restorative cement and glass ionomer cement (GIC) for dental caries in the deciduous molars of children aged between 4 and 8 years...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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