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Dental Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431481/arab-dentists-refusal-to-treat-hiv-positive-patients-a-survey-of-recently-graduated-dentists-from-three-arab-dental-schools
#1
Arheiam Arheiam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Mohamed Ingafou, Asma El-Howiti, Kamis Gaballah, Wafaa AbdelAziz
OBJECTIVE: To assess intended refusal of recent graduates from three Arab dental schools to treat HIV + patients and factors associated with this intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2015, convenience samples of recent dental graduates were included from Libya, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Participants responded to a questionnaire assessing personal background, knowledge of oral manifestations and fluids transmitting HIV, perceived adequacy of training and self-efficacy to manage blood exposures, attitude to risk of infection, moral beliefs and willingness to treat HIV + patients...
April 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#2
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429483/management-of-periodontal-health-in-children-pediatric-dentistry-and-periodontology-interface
#3
REVIEW
Bernadette K Drummond, Michael G Brosnan, Jonathan W Leichter
The oral health of children and adolescents mirrors their general health. Because oral health care is often delivered in isolation from general health care, oral signs and symptoms do not always alert practitioners to their significance beyond the mouth. An important example of this is the association of a higher risk of dental caries and periodontal disease in children and adolescents with overweight, obesity and prediabetic conditions. Oral-health practitioners need to consider the health conditions that their patients may have...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429480/surgical-management-in-dentistry-the-interdisciplinary-relationship-between-periodontology-and-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Darryl C Tong
Surgical procedures of the oral cavity can be performed by a number of dental specialists and clinicians. Because of the limited number of surgical procedures that can be performed inside the oral cavity, the boundaries between specialties may become indistinct and lead to confusion for general dentists in terms of patient referrals. In this article, what the two surgical specialties of dentistry (i.e. periodontology and oral and maxillofacial surgery) have to offer is highlighted, together with clinical examples to illustrate the interdisciplinary relationship between them...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429477/the-emerging-role-of-maxillofacial-radiology-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-with-complex-periodontitis
#5
REVIEW
William C Scarfe, Bruno Azevedo, Lucas R Pinheiro, Menik Priaminiarti, Marcelo A O Sales
Contemporary periodontal therapy has evolved to become more interdisciplinary and increasingly involves more complex treatments, including bone and soft-tissue regenerative procedures. Therapeutic options require an imaging modality or combination of techniques that are capable of providing a diagnostic osseous baseline and facilitating quantification of smaller increments of bony change, both loss and additive, which are comparable over time. Intra-oral and panoramic radiography are the modalities most commonly used to identify the location, quantify the amount and the pattern of alveolar bone loss and determine response to therapy...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428567/novel-oral-anticoagulants-and-exodontia-the-evidence
#6
S Nathwani, C Wanis
Background Haemostasis is crucial for the success of oral surgical treatment as bleeding problems can cause complications both pre- and post-operatively. Patients on anticoagulant drugs present a challenge due to their increased risk of bleeding.Aims To review the evidence for the management of oral surgery patients on novel oral anticoagulant therapy.Methods A literature review was conducted in May 2016 of free-text and MESH searches (keywords: apixaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and dental extractions) in the Cochrane Library, PubMed and CINAHL...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425833/management-of-missing-second-premolars-using-miniscrews-an-elective-solution-for-critical-anchorage-conditions
#7
Aldo Giancotti, Federica Paoncelli, Francesco Germano
Growing patients with congenital missing second premolars should be accurately evaluated in order to establish an appropriate treatment plan. The decision whether to close or maintain spaces in dental arches caused by missing teeth should be based on the consideration of biomechanical factors and the aesthetic traits of individual patients. Accordingly, the choice of closing spaces requires an adequate consideration of biomechanical principles in order to avoid detrimental effects on the occlusion and profile...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423453/periodontal-treatment-in-private-dental-practice-a-case-based-survey
#8
I Darby, S-Y Barrow, B Cvetkovic, R Musolino, S Wise, C Yung, D Bailey
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the management and referral patterns of Victorian general dental practitioners based on periodontal diagnosis. METHODS: Following ethics approval, Victorian general dental practitioners were invited to complete five randomised text-based periodontitis scenario questionnaires. Based on their diagnosis respondents were asked for their management options and asked to specify who would perform these treatments. Respondents were also asked about referral procedures...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422820/comparison-of-the-etview-single-lumen-and-macintosh-laryngoscopes-for-endotracheal-intubation-in-an-airway-manikin-with-immobilized-cervical-spine-by-novice-paramedics-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-trial
#9
Pawel Gawlowski, Jacek Smereka, Marcin Madziala, Barak Cohen, Kurt Ruetzler, Lukasz Szarpak
CONTEXT: Management of the airway of a trauma victim is considered challenging. Various approaches have been described to achieve airway control in this setup; many of them include video-assited viewing of the larynx during intubation. ETView Single Lumen (SL) is a novice single-use endotracheal tube equiped with a video camera and a light source at its distal tip. Its use was previously described in seeral clinical and training setups. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of the VivaSight SL compared with classic direct laryngoscopy performed with a Macintosh blade in a manikin-simulated trauma setup presenting various degrees of airway challenge when performed by inexperienced physicians...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422594/intentional-replantation-of-an-immature-incisor-with-a-transverse-root-fracture-and-endo-perio-condition-4-year-follow-up
#10
Atsushi Oishi
This case report describes the importance of continual examination for dental trauma and the efficacy of intentional replantation with retrograde root canal filling for a transverse root fracture in an immature incisor accompanied by subsequent periodontal-endodontic disease. In the treatment of traumatically fractured roots in immature incisors, continual examination is indispensable for the final diagnosis because roots in immature teeth are less calcified, resulting in less detailed radiological examinations...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421148/multidisciplinary-approach-in-the-management-of-a-complex-case-implant-prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-periodontal-smoking-patient-with-partial-edentulism-malocclusion-and-aesthetic-diseases
#11
Alessandro Lanza, Fabrizio Di Francesco, Gennaro De Marco, Fabio Scognamiglio, Valeria Aruta, Angelo Itro
Complex periprosthetic cases are considered as challenges by clinicians. Clinical and radiographic parameters should be considered separately to make the right choice between an endodontically or periodontally compromised treated tooth and implant. Therefore, in order to decide whether the tooth is safe or not, data that have to be collected are specific parameters of both the patient and the clinician. In addition, the presence of periodontal, prosthetic, and orthodontic diseases requires patients to be set in multidisciplinary approach...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419459/how-can-we-restrict-the-sale-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-to-children
#12
REVIEW
Gillian Jean
High sugar drinks (HSD) including fruit drinks, soft drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks, are of no nutritional value and contribute to the burden of dental disease in all age groups. The manufacturers of sports and energy drinks have elected to target children in their marketing campaigns and promote a misleading association between their products, healthy lifestyles and sporting prowess. The WHO has acknowledged that strategies aimed at prevention of dental disease are the only economically viable options for managing the oral health of children in low and middle income countries...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416535/pneumatic-dental-extractions-an-unusual-cause-of-extensive-cervical-surgical-emphysema
#13
Christopher Thompson, Rohit Gohil
A 50-year-old fit and well man presented to the Accident and Emergency Department in a tertiary centre following lower molar extraction, complaining of voice hoarseness with neck and facial swelling. Clinical examination along with plain film radiography revealed pneumomediastinum and extensive cervical surgical emphysema. He was subsequently admitted for observation and managed conservatively under the ENT team with input from the maxillofacial and anaesthetic teams. With supportive treatment only, the emphysema resolved and he remained well up until discharge...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414538/part-3-impact-of-systemic-conditions-and-medications-on-oral-health
#14
Diana Critchlow
The people who are treated in the community setting will often have multiple comorbidities. Systemic medical conditions can have a negative impact on oral health. In addition, the medications used to treat systemic conditions may also themselves cause oral symptoms. As a large proportion of patients treated by the community nursing team will be elderly, this paper will focus on common geriatric conditions that can display oral or dental symptoms. The effects of medications will be discussed and linked to oral complaints patients may express...
April 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407984/review-allergic-contact-stomatitis
#15
REVIEW
Liviu Feller, Neil Hamilton Wood, Razia Abdool Gafaar Khammissa, Johan Lemmer
Allergic contact stomatitis (ACS) is an oral mucosal immunoinflammatory disorder variably characterized clinically by erythematous plaques, vesiculation, ulceration, and/or hyperkeratosis and by pain, burning sensation, or itchiness. ACS is brought about by a T cell-mediated, delayed hypersensitivity immune reaction generated by a second or subsequent contact exposure of an allergen with the oral mucosa, in a genetically susceptible, sensitized subject. Lichenoid contact reaction is a variant of ACS brought about by direct contact with the oral mucosa of certain metals in dental restorations...
May 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406772/crigler-massage-for-congenital-blockade-of-nasolacrimal-duct
#16
Jahanzeb Durrani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the success rate of non-surgical management of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) with Crigler massage in infants below the age of one year. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Ophthalmology at HBS General Hospital, Hazrat Bari Sarkar Medical and Dental College, Islamabad from November 2015 to May 2016. METHODOLOGY: One hundred children with watering of eyes, due to congenital blockage of the distal part of the nasolacrimal duct (at the valve of Hasner), unilateral or bilateral were included in the study...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405671/predictors-of-oral-cavity-bleeding-and-clinical-outcome-after-dental-procedures-in-patients-on-vitamin-k-antagonists-a-cohort-study
#17
Joseph S Biedermann, Willem M H Rademacher, Hendrika C A M Hazendonk, Denise E van Diermen, Frank W G Leebeek, Frederik Rozema, Marieke J H A Kruip
Patients on vitamin K antagonists (VKA) often undergo invasive dental procedures. International guidelines consider all dental procedures as low-risk procedures, while bleeding risk may differ between standard low-risk (e. g. extraction 1-3 elements) and extensive high-risk (e. g. extraction of >3 elements) procedures. Therefore current guidelines may need refinement. In this cohort study, we identified predictors of oral cavity bleeding (OCB) and evaluated clinical outcome after low-risk and high-risk dental procedures in patients on VKA...
April 13, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403646/neuropathic-orofacial-pain-facts-and-fiction
#18
Lene Baad-Hansen, Rafael Benoliel
Definition and taxonomy This review deals with neuropathic pain of traumatic origin affecting the trigeminal nerve, i.e. painful post-traumatic trigeminal neuropathy (PTTN). Symptomatology The clinical characteristics of PTTN vary considerably, partly due to the type and extent of injury. Symptoms involve combinations of spontaneous and evoked pain and of positive and negative somatosensory signs. These patients are at risk of going through unnecessary dental/surgical procedures in the attempt to eradicate the cause of the pain, due to the fact that most dentists only rarely encounter PTTN...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403330/dental-management-survey-brazil-dms-br-creation-and-validation-of-a-management-instrument
#19
Paola Sampaio Gonzales, Ismar Eduardo Martins, Maria Gabriela Haye Biazevic, Paulo Roberto da Silva, Edgard Michel-Crosato
Questionnaires for the assessment of knowledge and self-perception can be useful to diagnose what a dentist knows about management and administration. The aim of the present study was to create and validate the Dental Management Survey Brazil (DMS-BR) scale, based on meetings with experts in the field. After having elaborated the first version, 10 audits were performed in dental offices in order to produce the final version, which included nine dimensions: location, patient, finance, marketing, competition, quality, staff, career, and productivity...
April 10, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403094/less-invasive-management-of-deep-neck-infection-and-descending-necrotizing-mediastinitis-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#20
Dong Wei, Ling Bi, Huiyong Zhu, Jianfeng He, Huiming Wang
By a 7-year retrospective review, we reported our experience in management of descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) and deep neck infection (DNI). A retrospective design was used to reveal the clinical characteristics of DNI and DNM. The clinical outcome was analyzed to validate less invasive management. We reviewed 82 patients between 2009 and 2016, 12 of which were diagnosed as DNM by clinical and computed tomography findings. A total of 35 patients had relevant systemic conditions, mainly diabetes mellitus (19 patients)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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