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Dental Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722250/residential-age-care-and-domiciliary-oral-health-services-reach-oht-the-development-of-a-metropolitan-oral-health-programme-in-sydney-australia
#1
F A Clive Wright, Garry Law, Steven K-Y Chu, John S Cullen, David G Le Couteur
OBJECTIVE: To describe an oral health care programme for older people in Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) to improve access to care and support facilities. INTRODUCTION: Different models of residential care have been proposed, but few have been comprehensive (providing on-site health promotion and service delivery) or sustainable. METHODS: A partnership model of oral health care, with dental services plus oral health education, was integrated into the community outreach services of a metropolitan hospital department of aged care...
July 19, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722005/a-conservative-management-of-iatrogenically-damaged-distal-root-of-the-mandibular-second-molar
#2
Rashmi Bansal, Sonali Roy, Praveen Chandra, Anuraag Gurtu, Rahul Pandey
Trauma to the adjacent hard and soft tissue is the most common iatrogenic injury during extraction of the mandibular third molar. As every functional component of the dental arch is of prime importance in contemporary dental practice, the major concern must be in conserving the tooth and its structure as much as possible. The present case discusses the application of this conservative approach for management of iatrogenically damaged distal root of the mandibular second molar during extraction of impacted third molar, in which excessive guttering of alveolar bone and fractured apical third of distal root of 37 was observed radiographically...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717289/comparison-of-extended-nasolabial-flap-versus-buccal-fat-pad-graft-in-the-surgical-management-of-oral-submucous-fibrosis-a-prospective-pilot-study
#3
Sandeep B Patil, D Durairaj, G Suresh Kumar, D Karthikeyan, D Pradeep
AIM: To evaluate the application of extended nasolabial flap versus buccal fat pad graft in the surgical management of oral submucous fibrosis. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This prospective study was carried out in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 8 patients (6 men and 2 women) with age range from 21 to 65 years were selected for study. These 8 patients were randomly divided into two groups of four namely group 1 and group 2...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716179/surgical-treatment-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-after-sinus-lift
#4
Nicole Tin-Lok Jiam, Andrew N Goldberg, Andrew H Murr, Steven D Pletcher
BACKGROUND: The sinus lift (or sinus augmentation) is a common procedure to improve maxillary bone stock before dental implantation. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a potential complication of this procedure and may be refractory to medical treatment. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has previously been used to address CRS, however, results of previous studies indicated that implant removal is required. There are limited follow-up data available. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the long-term outcomes and efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery for refractory CRS after sinus lift, including the ability to salvage dental implants...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713747/the-surgical-management-of-skeletal-disproportion-with-lingual-orthodontics-and-three-dimensional-planning
#5
Krutiben Patel, Chung How Kau, Peter D Waite, Ahmet Arif Celebi
This case report describes the successful treatment of a 26-year-old Caucasian male with skeletal and dental Class III malocclusion associated with mild maxillary and mandibular crowding. The patient had anteroposterior and transverse discrepancies with a reverse overjet and bilateral posterior crossbites. The nonextraction treatment plan included aligning and leveling of the teeth in both arches, Le Fort I and bilateral sagittal split osteotomies, and postsurgical correction of the malocclusion. Orthodontic treatment was initiated with custom lingual appliances followed by orthognathic surgery planned with virtual surgical planning...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713645/effects-of-a-novel-disc-formulation-on-dry-mouth-symptoms-and-enamel-remineralization-in-patients-with-hyposalivation-an-in-vivo-study
#6
Jessica Ho, Miracle Vania Firmalino, Afarin Golabgir Anbarani, Thair Takesh, Joel Epstein, Petra Wilder-Smith
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to identify the in vivo effects in patients with hyposalivation of a novel slowly dissolving adhering test disc upon on enamel remineralization, oral biofilm, salivary production, pH and buffering, gingival health, and on self-evaluation of oral well-being. METHODS: Five subjects with xerostomia wore custom made retainers carrying 5 demineralized enamel chips for periods of 1 week each. In 1 study arm, subjects used the test agent plus oral hygiene self-care; in the other they used oral hygiene self-care only, with a 1 week washout in between arms...
February 2017: Dentistry: Current Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712134/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterisation-of-clinically-relevant-bacteria-isolated-from-dental-waste-and-waste-workers-hands-mucosas-and-coats
#7
Thaysa Leite Tagliaferri, Cristina Dutra Vieira, Maria Auxiliadora Roque de Carvalho, Luiz Carlos Duarte Ladeira, Paula Prazeres Magalhães, Luiz de Macêdo Farias, Simone Gonçalves Dos Santos
Infectious wastes are potential sources of pathogenic microorganisms, which may represent a risk to the professionals who manage them. In this study we aimed to characterize the infectious bacteria present in dental waste and waste workers. The dental waste produced over 24 hours was collected and waste workers were sampled by swabbing. Isolate resistance profiles were characterized by Vitek(®) and PCR and biofilm formation by Congo Red agar, string test and microtiter assay. To assess similarity between the waste and the workers' samples, a random amplified polymorphic DNA test was used...
July 16, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712110/assessing-attitudes-and-actions-of-pediatric-dentists-toward-childhood-obesity-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#8
Robin Wright, Paul S Casamassimo
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a major US health concern, and oral health professionals have opportunities to participate in an interprofessional effort to intervene owing to their access to young patients and their abilities in addressing obesity-related dietary habits like consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). This study determined attitudes, behaviors, future intentions, and perceived barriers of pediatric dentists regarding efforts to prevent childhood obesity and reduce children's consumption of SSBs...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711375/the-prevalence-of-orodental-trauma-during-epileptic-seizures-in-terms-of-dental-treatment-survey-study
#9
Dominika Gawlak, Joanna Łuniewska, Wiktoria Stojak, Anahit Hovhannisyan, Anna Stróżyńska, Katarzyna Mańka-Malara, Marcin Adamiec, Andrzej Rysz
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. Seizures that occur during attacks may lead to head injuries. It is crucial to establish proper prophylactic management against trauma occurrence, as nowadays prevention is not sufficient. AIM: Assessment of the frequency of head and intraoral trauma during epileptic seizures and to evaluate factors that may predispose to injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire was carried out among 106 patients with epilepsy...
June 29, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711310/acquired-heterotopic-ossification-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#10
REVIEW
L G Mercuri, B M Saltzman
Although the risk factors and diagnosis of heterotopic ossification (HO) are discussed in the orthopedics literature, the etiology of HO, as well as its prevention and management, remain theoretical. Furthermore, there is a lack of information in the literature regarding HO in temporomandibular joint replacement (TMJR). This article provides a qualitative review of information relative to the etiology, diagnosis, and management of HO to inform and encourage further investigation in TMJR. The orthopedic HO literature considered for this qualitative review was drawn from a comprehensive examination of the subject published previously by one of the authors...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708643/rare-complication-in-third-maxillary-molar-extraction-dislocation-in-infratemporal-fossa
#11
Andrea Battisti, Paolo Priore, Filippo Giovannetti, Giorgio Barbera, Francesco D'Alessandro, Valentino Valentini
AIM: Removal of impacted third maxillary molar is frequently carried out without difficulties and low rate of intraoperative complications. The rare and particularly challenger to manage it is the third molar dislocation into the infratemporal fossa (IF). In this clinical report, the authors present their solution to manage and resolve this particular complication. METHODS: A 28-year-old woman was referred to the emergency rescue unit of the authors' hospital by her dentistry, after the attempt to extract the left impacted maxillary third molar...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708273/pediatric-obesity-related-curricular-content-and-training-in-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#12
Kimon Divaris, Vaishnavi Bhaskar, Kathleen A McGraw
OBJECTIVES: The authors conducted a systematic review to determine: a) What dental schools and dental hygiene programs are doing to promote knowledge and skills related to addressing childhood obesity and to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and b) What else these schools and programs could do to better equip future oral health professionals to address childhood obesity and reduce consumption of SSBs. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, Scopus, Education Full Text (EBSCOHost), and ERIC (EBSCOHost) to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting on obesity or dietetic-related curricula in dental and dental hygiene education within the last 20 years...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707363/equine-peripheral-dental-caries-an-epidemiological-survey-assessing-the-prevalence-and-possible-risk-factors-in-western-australian-horses
#13
K Jackson, E Kelty, M Tennant
BACKGROUND: Peripheral dental caries is defined as macroscopic destruction of the calcified dental tissues and can be a cause of considerable dental pathology and pain. It appears to have a high prevalence within Western Australian horses and, at present, risk factors for the condition are poorly understood, making treatment and prevention difficult. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and potential risk factors involved in peripheral caries in horses in Western Australia...
July 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705799/rapid-developing-empyema-by-group-f-beta-streptococcus-anginosus-group
#14
Muhammad Azharuddin, Dy Prudence, Prem Shanker Shukla, Ajay Mathur
A 43-year-old male had progressive pleuritic left-sided chest tightness with shortness of breath. He had dental caries and tenderness on palpation of the left lateral chest. Complete blood count showed leucocytosis. CT scan of the chest with pulmonary emboli protocol showed multiple pulmonary nodules and nodular pleural thickening at left posterior lateral pleura. Forty-eight hours post CTPE scan, CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis displayed right lower lobe consolidation and left-sided pleural effusion with superimposed compressive atelectasis...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703158/compliance-with-occupational-exposure-risk-management-procedures-in-a-dental-school-setting
#15
J O Westall, C Dickinson
Background The Dental Institute at King's College London has recently implemented changes focusing on infection control, including safety needle provision, personal protective equipment campaigns, mandatory lectures and formal assessment for students. We explored the effect of these changes over a five-year period.Methods We observed 49 clinical consultations in 2010 and 50 in 2014, examining clinician attire, personal protective equipment, dental operatory management, sharps hazards and aseptic technique.Results One hundred percent of operators wore gloves, apron and masks, 94% wore eye protection, 98% had uncovered wrists and 88% had tidy hair...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702058/effectiveness-of-audiovisual-distraction-in-behavior-modification-during-dental-caries-assessment-and-sealant-placement-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Hisham Yehia El Batawi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of audiovisual (AV) distraction in behavior modification during dental caries assessment and sealant placement in children with autism spectrum disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 28 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, aged 6.5-9.8 years. Children underwent one introductory (desensitization) appointment and three treatment sessions. During the introductory session, children had the procedures explained to them, they watched a movie projected on a screen while oral screening and assessment of cooperation level were carried out...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697214/facilitation-of-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-scleroderma-case-history-report
#17
Azam S Mostafavi, Mohammadreza Hajimahmoudi
Dental management of scleroderma patients is difficult and complicated because of compromised intraoral access. Physiotherapy may play an adjunctive and effective treatment role as described in a follow-up report on a previously documented case history.
July 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697212/maxillary-implant-prosthodontic-treatment-using-digital-laboratory-protocol-for-a-patient-with-epidermolysis-bullosa-a-case-history-report
#18
Rubén Agustín-Panadero, Blanca Serra-Pastor, David Peñarrocha-Oltra, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago
Epidermolysis bullosa belongs to a group of genetic diseases that present with skin disorders and is characterized by generalized blister formation in response to mechanical trauma. This article reports on the management of a recessive dystrophic epidermolytic patient with four remaining periodontally compromised maxillary teeth. Treatment involved placement of four maxillary implants and use of computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture techniques to fabricate a fixed full-arch implant-supported prosthesis...
July 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693545/competence-profiles-in-undergraduate-dental-education-a-comparison-between-theory-and-reality
#19
Sebastiaan Koole, Shani Van Den Brulle, Véronique Christiaens, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn
BACKGROUND: Competence profiles are purposed to provide a blueprint in support to develop and/or benchmark the learning outcomes of undergraduate dental curricula. This study aims to investigate whether a competence profile as proposed by academic- and clinical experts is able to represent the real clinical reality. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed including questions about gender and age, perception about required competences, and educational organisation and was distributed among Flemish dentists via email and on paper during a symposium...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693144/denosumab-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-in-a-patient-with-bone-metastases-of-prostate-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Hitoshi Yoshimura, Seigo Ohba, Hisato Yoshida, Kyoko Saito, Kazuyoshi Inui, Rie Yasui, Dai Ichikawa, Minako Aiki, Junichi Kobayashi, Shinpei Matsuda, Yoshiaki Imamura, Kazuo Sano
Denosumab, a human monoclonal antibody directed against the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κβ ligand (RANKL), is used for the treatment of patients with metastatic cancer of the bone or osteoporosis. Recent reports have demonstrated that denosumab can induce osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), but reported cases of this are uncommon. The present study reports the case of an 86-year-old male with prostate cancer patient exhibiting bone metastases who developed ONJ whilst receiving denosumab. To elucidate the influence of denosumab on the development of ONJ, the present study also reviewed the literature, including clinical trials and case reports...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
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