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Dental Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240970/head-and-neck-cancer-survivorship-care-guideline-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-endorsement-of-the-american-cancer-society-guideline
#1
Larissa Nekhlyudov, Christina Lacchetti, Nancy B Davis, Thomas Q Garvey, David P Goldstein, J Chris Nunnink, Jose I Ruades Ninfea, Andrew L Salner, Talya Salz, Lillian L Siu
Purpose This guideline provides recommendations on the management of adults after head and neck cancer (HNC) treatment, focusing on surveillance and screening for recurrence or second primary cancers, assessment and management of long-term and late effects, health promotion, care coordination, and practice implications. Methods ASCO has a policy and set of procedures for endorsing clinical practice guidelines that have been developed by other professional organizations. The American Cancer Society (ACS) HNC Survivorship Care Guideline was reviewed for developmental rigor by methodologists...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239945/the-effect-of-viewing-video-clips-of-paediatric-local-anaesthetic-administration-on-the-confidence-of-undergraduate-dental-students
#2
K P Kenny, A M Alkazme, P F Day
INTRODUCTION: Dental treatment for children requires not only technical skills, but also the knowledge and confidence to provide behaviour management to support children of differing ages and stages of development. It is not surprising then that dental students find treating children especially stressful. Paediatric dentistry training is therefore a vital element of the undergraduate dental curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-six fourth-year undergraduate dental students received standard lectures and seminars about behaviour management techniques for children having local anaesthetic...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238559/clinical-course-and-therapeutic-outcomes-of-operatively-and-non-operatively-managed-patients-with-denosumab-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-dronj
#3
Sebastian Hoefert, Anna Yuan, Adelheid Munz, Martin Grimm, Ashraf Elayouti, Siegmar Reinert
PURPOSE: Details regarding risk factors, onset, and outcomes for denosumab-related osteonecrosis (DRONJ) are sparse. This study examines the clinical characteristics and operative and non-operative therapeutic outcomes in patients with DRONJ not previously exposed to other antiresorptives. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was conducted, and data were collected, including clinical findings, management, healing outcomes, and radiologic, histologic, and micro-computed tomography (CT) analyses...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236617/an-innovative-approach-to-overcome-gagging-through-acupressure-for-an-edentulous-patient-a-case-report
#4
Saravanan Thirumalai Thangarajan, Ramasamy Chidambaram, Padmanabhan Thallam Veeravalli, Kasim Mohamed
The gag reflex is a physiological reaction, which safeguards the airway from foreign bodies. In some people, this response is exaggerated to the extent that the acceptance/provision of dental treatment becomes impossible. Management of patients with gagging involves many different approaches. The aim of this report is to illustrate the role of acupressure in controlling gagging, because it is a safe, affordable, quick, and relatively noninvasive technique.
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236426/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-maxillary-sinus-misdiagnosed-as-chronic-apical-periodontitis
#5
So-Young Park, Chien-Yun Pi, Euiseong Kim, Yoon Lee
Sometimes pain originating from a non-odontogenic pathologic condition is mistaken as endodontic illness, leading to misdiagnosis. The patient can misinterpret the pain as originating from a site different from the actual site, which is known as referred pain. However, the clinician managing pain in the orofacial region needs to be well-informed about the typical signs and symptoms of non-odontogenic diseases and to be able to make the correct referral when necessary for proper diagnosis and treatment. A 43-year-old man presented to the department of conservative dentistry complaining of dental pain...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229853/-consideration-of-the-shape-of-the-teeth-in-facial-hyperdivergency
#6
Olivier Sorel, Mohamed Naaim, Pierre-Alexandre Chataigner, Damien Brézulier, Valérie Bertaud
INTRODUCTION: The study examines how the shape of the teeth is taken into account in the context of facial hyperdivergency. One aim was to check out the widely-held belief that the hyperdivergent patient has long teeth. DISCUSSION: Our study found no link between the shape of the teeth and facial hyperdivergency, thus confirming the results in the literature. We examined the issue of how to characterize dental shapes. We found three diversely-appreciated types of shape: rectangular, triangular and ovoid...
March 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229849/-possibilities-and-limits-of-orthodontico-surgical-treatments-in-case-of-macrodontia
#7
Christian Paulus
INTRODUCTION: Tooth-arch discrepancy is a disproportion between dental volume and bone base. Extraction therapy can be a solution in case of excessive tooth volume and insufficient basal bone length. Techniques including bone distraction popularized by Ilizarov in the fifties allow the increase of the basal arch length in the maxilla as well as in the mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We will describe the procedure of this dental arch length augmentation since the reflection about the therapeutic plan until the sufficient arch length is obtained and describe the indications of this orthodontic and surgical treatment in case of dental crowding, buccal and labial inclination and functional problems...
March 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229808/knowledge-of-behavioural-management-principles-amongst-specialist-paediatric-dental-practitioners-in-the-united-kingdom
#8
James Coxon, Marie Therese Hosey, J Tim Newton
BACKGROUND: Paediatric specialist dental practitioners are often faced with the challenge of disruptive behaviour or refusal to comply with treatment. Behaviour management skills are an essential component of their role. However, little is known of the confidence or competence of practitioners in these approaches. AIM: To identify paediatric dentists' knowledge of behavioural management principles as applied to paediatric dentistry. METHOD: Postal questionnaire survey of all specialists in Paediatric Dentistry on the General Dental Council UK register (n = 234), using the Knowledge of Behavioural Principles as Applied to Children Questionnaire (KBPACQ; O'Dell, 1979) adapted for the dental setting...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227044/dental-plaque-assessment-lifelogging-system-using-commercial-camera-for-oral-healthcare
#9
Mai Kasai, Yuka Iijima, Hiroshi Takemura, Hiroshi Mizoguchi, Tomoko Ohshima, Naho Satomi, Mai Kasai, Yuka Iijima, Hiroshi Takemura, Hiroshi Mizoguchi, Tomoko Ohshima, Naho Satomi, Tomoko Ohshima, Naho Satomi, Hiroshi Takemura, Mai Kasai, Hiroshi Mizoguchi, Yuka Iijima
We present a system for estimating the dental plaque adhesion area using a commercial camera image for oral healthcare via management of the intraoral environment. In recent years, several studies have reported on the relationship between a general disease and a periodontal disease. Such studies mention that normalization of the intraoral environment by tooth brushing is the most important treatment in preventive dentistry. However, evaluation of individual tooth brushing skill is difficult. Some devices for automatically measuring the quantity of dental plaque have already been proposed for the teaching tool of tooth brushing...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226340/oral-oxycodone-for-acute-postoperative-pain-a-review-of-clinical-trials
#10
Chi Wai Cheung, Stanley Sau Ching Wong, Qiu Qiu, Xianyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Opioids are the mainstay of pain management for acute postsurgical pain. Oral oxycodone is an opioid that can provide effective acute postoperative pain relief. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management. STUDY DESIGN: This is a narrative review based on published articles searched in PubMed and Medline from 2003 to 2015 on oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management. METHODS: Clinical trials related to the use of oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management were searched via PubMed and Medline from 2003 to 2015...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226328/a-de-novo-pericentric-inversion-in-chromosome-4-associated-with-disruption-of-pitx2-and-a-microdeletion-in-4p15-2-in-a-patient-with-axenfeld-rieger-syndrome-and-developmental-delay
#11
Živilė Maldžienė, Eglė Preikšaitienė, Salomėja Ignotienė, Natalija Kapitanova, Algirdas Utkus, Vaidutis Kučinskas
Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of autosomal dominantly inherited malformations that predominantly affect the eye but are also associated with craniofacial dysmorphism and dental abnormalities. A broad spectrum of genetic alterations involving PITX2 and FOXC1 lead to ARS. We report on a 4-year-old girl with clinical features of ARS and developmental delay due to a de novo apparently balanced pericentric inversion in chromosome 4. This report emphasizes that complementary investigations are necessary to precisely characterize chromosomal rearrangements...
February 23, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224175/differences-between-active-and-passive-self-ligating-brackets-for-orthodontic-treatment-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-based-on-randomized-clinical-trials
#12
Xianrui Yang, Yiruo He, Tian Chen, Mengyuan Zhao, Yinqiu Yan, Hongzhe Wang, Ding Bai
PURPOSE: In orthodontic treatment, the effects of differences in the design between active and passive self-ligating bracket (ASLB and PSLB, respectively) are usually neglected. This study investigated differences in effectiveness and efficiency between ASLBs and PSLBs. METHODS: To identify randomized, controlled clinical trials (RCTs) comparing ASLB with PSLB, the electronic databases Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Chinese Medical Journal Database were searched without language or time limits...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222867/prosthodontic-treatment-of-a-retrognathic-edentulous-maxilla-demonstrating-limited-interarch-distance-3-5-year-results-with-fixed-and-removable-implant-prostheses
#13
Won-Suk Oh, Furat George, Ju-Mi Park
The prosthodontic treatment of patients with a retrognathic edentulous maxilla should consider the restoration of the lower facial profile and access for oral hygiene. This clinical report describes prosthodontic treatments of a patient with edentulism who presented with repeated fractures of the denture teeth of a maxillary implant-supported complete fixed dental prosthesis (ICFDP) and a mandibular implant-supported overdenture. Considerable plaque accumulation was noted on the ICFDP, which was replaced with an open palatal design implant-supported overdenture...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221363/premature-primary-tooth-eruption-in-cognitive-motor-delayed-adnp-mutated-children
#14
I Gozes, A Van Dijck, G Hacohen-Kleiman, I Grigg, G Karmon, E Giladi, M Eger, Y Gabet, M Pasmanik-Chor, E Cappuyns, O Elpeleg, R F Kooy, S Bedrosian-Sermone
A major flaw in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) management is late diagnosis. Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP) is a most frequent de novo mutated ASD-related gene. Functionally, ADNP protects nerve cells against electrical blockade. In mice, complete Adnp deficiency results in dysregulation of over 400 genes and failure to form a brain. Adnp haploinsufficiency results in cognitive and social deficiencies coupled to sex- and age-dependent deficits in the key microtubule and ion channel pathways...
February 21, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217067/septo-optic-dysplasia-de-morsier-s-syndrome
#15
Pedro Reis, Joana Mourão
Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD)/de Morsier's syndrome is characterized by optic nerve hypoplasia, pituitary endocrine dysfunction, and midline brain abnormalities. Hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, and adrenal insufficiency can lead to severe hypoglycemia, adrenal crisis, seizures, and sudden death. Anesthetic management of SOD was associated with high perioperative mortality. A 9-year-old male child proposed for dental treatments/extractions. Medical history of SOD with hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, and delayed psychomotor development was observed...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216935/penile-strangulation-by-iron-metal-ring-a-novel-and-effective-method-of-management
#16
Somorendro Paonam, Nillachandra Kshetrimayum, Indrajit Rana
Penile strangulation by metal ring is a rare urological emergency situation which requires urgent decompression of the penis to avoid adverse effect. It is usually associated with an attempt to improve sexual act and/or to prolong erection. But sometimes, cutting of the ring to decompress the penis safely is a very difficult task particularly when the strangulating object is a hard metal object as in our case. Here, we present a case which was managed by cutting in a novel way with the help of dental micromotor with wheel shape bur...
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216196/hypericum-perforatum-st-john-s-wort-beyond-depression-a-therapeutic-perspective-for-pain-conditions
#17
REVIEW
Nicoletta Galeotti
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae), popularly called St. John's wort (SJW), has a rich historical background being one of the oldest used and most extensively investigated medicinal herbs. Many bioactivities and applications of SJW are listed in popular and in scientific literature, including antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory. In the last three decades many studies focused on the antidepressant activity of SJW extracts. However, several studies in recent years also described the antinociceptive and analgesic properties of SJW that validate the traditional uses of the plant in pain conditions...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210454/managing-patients-taking-edoxaban-in-dentistry
#18
REVIEW
Adrian Curto, Daniel Curto, Jorge Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation therapy is used in several conditions to prevent or treat thromboembolism. A new group of oral anticoagulants with clear advantages over classic dicoumarin oral anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumarol) has been developed in recent years. The Food and Drug Administration has approved edoxaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban. Their advantages include: predictable pharmacokinetics, drug interactions and limited food, rapid onset of action and short half-life...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210451/dental-management-of-patients-taking-novel-oral-anticoagulants-noas-dabigatran
#19
REVIEW
Adrian Curto, Alberto Albaladejo, Alfonso Alvarado
BACKGROUND: A new group of oral anticoagulants (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban) with clear advantages over classic dicoumarin oral anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumarol) has been developed in recent years. Patients being treated with oral anticoagulants are at higher risk for bleeding when undergoing dental treatments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted through April 2016 for publications in the ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMed and Cochrane Library using the keywords "dabigatran", "rivaroxaban", "apixaban", "edoxaban", "new oral anticoagulants", "novel oral anticoagulants", "bleeding" and "dental treatment"...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209160/odontogenic-tumors-in-ethiopia-eight-years-retrospective-study
#20
Bruktawit Kebede, Dawit Tare, Birke Bogale, Fessahaye Alemseged
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic tumor (OT) comprises a large heterogeneous group of lesions arising from tooth producing tissues or its remnants. Studies on OTs are scarce in Ethiopia. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the pattern of OTs in Ethiopia. METHODS: An 8 years retrospective study was conducted at the Dental and Maxillofacial Department, St. Paul's referral hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data were collected by reviewing the medical records of patients who visited the Department from September 2008 to August 2015...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
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