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Dental Practice

Kelly Jones, Ngara Keeler, Chris Morris, David Brennan, Kaye Roberts-Thompson, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To explore and document self-reported factors contributing to Indigenous Australians' attendance and non-attendance at South Australian public dental clinics. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with people (18 males and 26 females) referred for oral care through the Aboriginal Liaison Program of the South Australian Dental Service. Thematic analysis was performed on 44 transcribed conversations and a conceptual model developed. RESULTS: Persons completing all recommended treatment reported high self-efficacy, health literacy, social cohesion and previous use of dental services and presence of a health advocate...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
John R Broughton, Herenia P Lawrence, Lisa Jamieson
: Early childhood caries is a global health issue for Indigenous populations. The study, "Reducing disease burden and health inequalities arising from chronic dental disease among Indigenous children: an early childhood caries intervention," is being conducted in Australia, Canada, and Aotearoa/New Zealand. OBJECTIVE: To conduct the research in New Zealand using a kaupapa Māori (Māori philosophy) approach. METHODS: This is a mixed-method study incorporating quantitative and qualitative data whilst acknowledging Māori cultural practices by the utilization of Te Whare Tapa Whā, a model for Māori health and well-being...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
J L Carneiro, I M Caldas, A Afonso, H F V Cardoso
INTRODUCTION: The impact of socioeconomic status (SES) on tooth mineralization has seldom been evaluated. This is important because SES can be used as a proxy for quantifying factors in the environmental that can impact mineralization but that can be difficult to measure directly, such as nutrition. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of SES on third molar mineralization, using a sample of children, adolescents and young adults from Porto, Portugal...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Thomas Young Ho Yoon, Richard A Michaud, Mitesh Patel, Alexandra M Manibo
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate variations in and the prevalence of the lingual concavity. MATERIALS & METHODS: This study used images taken between January 1st, 2011 and August 31st, 2015 from a total of 104 patient charts randomly selected from a private practice. These images were all acquired from a single cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) machine. The CBCT's were reviewed in cross sectional images of both the left and right anterior incisor and posterior molar regions...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
Leonie Segal, Claire Marsh, Rob Heyes
OBJECTIVES: We explored the real cost of training the workforce in a range of primary health care professions in Australia with a focus on the impact of retention to contribute to the debate on how best to achieve the optimal health workforce mix. METHODS: The cost to train an entry-level health professional across 12 disciplines was derived from university fees, payment for clinical placements and, where relevant, cost of internship, adjusted for student drop-out...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Kyra Hamilton, Mikaela Bonham, Jason Bishara, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
PURPOSE: Although poor oral hygiene practices can have serious health consequences, a large number of adults brush or floss their teeth less than the recommended time or not at all. This study examined the mediating effect of two key self-regulatory processes, self-efficacy and planning, as the mechanisms that translate dental flossing intentions into behavior. METHOD: Participants (N = 629) comprised young adults attending a major university in Queensland, Australia...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
P Duangto, A Iamaroon, S Prasitwattanaseree, P Mahakkanukrauh, A Janhom
Age estimation using developing third molar teeth is considered an important and accurate technique for both clinical and forensic practices. The aims of this study were to establish population-specific reference data, to develop age prediction models using mandibular third molar development, to test the accuracy of the resulting models, and to find the probability of persons being at the age thresholds of legal relevance in a Thai population. A total of 1867 digital panoramic radiographs of Thai individuals aged between 8 and 23 years was selected to assess dental age...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Suguru Kimoto, Yasuhiko Kawai, Atsuko Gunji, Hisatomo Kondo, Taro Nomura, Tomohiko Murakami, Akito Tsuboi, Guang Hong, Shunsuke Minakuchi, Yusuke Sato, Gaku Ohwada, Tetsuya Suzuki, Katsuhiko Kimoto, Noriyuki Hoshi, Makiko Saita, Yoshikazu Yoneyama, Yohei Sato, Masakazu Morokuma, Joji Okazaki, Takeshi Maeda, Kenichiro Nakai, Tetsuo Ichikawa, Kan Nagao, Keiko Fujimoto, Hiroshi Murata, Tadafumi Kurogi, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Masahiro Nishimura, Yasuhiro Nishi, Mamoru Murakami, Toshio Hosoi, Taizo Hamada
BACKGROUND: Denture adhesives, characterized as medical products in 1935 by the American Dental Association, have been considered useful adjuncts for improving denture retention and stability. However, many dentists in Japan are hesitant to acknowledge denture adhesives in daily practice because of the stereotype that dentures should be inherently stable, without the aid of adhesives. The aim of this study is to verify the efficacy of denture adhesives to establish guidelines for Japanese users...
October 18, 2016: Trials
Chris S Ivanoff, Krassimira Yaneva, Diana Luan, Bogomil Andonov, Reena R Kumar, Anirudha Agnihotry, Athena E Ivanoff, Dimitrios Emmanouil, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Filip Koneski, Ilijana Muratovska, Huda A Al-Shehri, Sara M Al-Taweel, Michele Daly
BACKGROUND: Training culturally competent graduates who can practice effectively in a multicultural environment is a goal of contemporary dental education. The Global Oral Health Initiative is a network of dental schools seeking to promote global dentistry as a component of cultural competency training. OBJECTIVE: Before initiating international student exchanges, a survey was conducted to assess students' awareness of global dentistry and interest in cross-national clerkships...
October 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
Radha K Dhiman, Sandeep Satsangi, Gagandeep S Grover, Pankaj Puri
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a globally prevalent pathogen and is a major cause of healthcare burden in India. HCV poses a significant problem in the state of Punjab, India owing to the higher prevalence of risk factors like unsafe medical practices (including unsafe injections and dental procedures) and intravenous drug use. The reported prevalence of HCV in this part of the country was 5.2% in 2012, while a recent study has shown the prevalence to be 3.2% in 2016. Similar to the other geographic belts in India, genotype 3 predominates in the state of Punjab...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
Aradhana Nagarsekar, Ridhima Gaunkar, Meena Aras
OBJECTIVE: This survey was undertaken to assess dentist's opinion regarding the occurrence and pattern of food impaction in relation to fixed partial denture (FPD) prostheses, its commonly observed consequences, factors contributing to it, and its management. METHODS: A descriptive survey was conducted on a sample size of 150 dental practitioners. The pro forma consisted of informed consent, demographic information, and questionnaire. The results were tallied and quantitative analysis was performed to obtain the descriptive statistics for the data using SPSS version 20...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Basil M Jan, Mohammed M Jan
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common chronic motor disorder with associated cognitive, communicative, and seizure disorders. Children with CP have a higher risk of dental problems creating significant morbidity that can further affect their wellbeing and negatively impact their quality of life. Screening for dental disease should be part of the initial assessment of any child with CP. The objective of this article is to present an updated overview of dental health issues in children with CP and outline important preventative and practical strategies to the management of this common comorbidity...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Stephanie Tan, Dimitrios Nikolarakos
Although less frequently encountered in dental practices, subcutaneous emphysema of the face and neck has been reported in patients following dental extractions, particularly when lower molar teeth are extracted with the use of a high speed air turbine drill designed for restorative treatment, which forces air into the cervical fascial spaces. As facial swelling and pain are the most common presentations, subcutaneous emphysema can often be misdiagnosed as an allergic reaction or odontogenic infection. While usually a benign and self limiting condition, subcutaneous emphysema may have life threatening complications such as tension pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, air embolism, tracheal compression and mediastinitis, which are important to recognise in an emergency setting...
October 14, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Nicola Marchili, Eleonora Ortu, Davide Pietropaoli, Ruggero Cattaneo, Annalisa Monaco
Stomatognathic system is strictly correlated to other anatomical regions; many studies investigated relationship between temporomandibular joint and posture, several articles describe cranio-facial pain from dental causes, such as trigger points. Until now less interest has been given to connections between dental occlusion and ophthalmology, even if they are important and involving. Clinical experience in dental practice claims that mandibular latero-deviation is connected both to eye dominance and to defects of ocular convergence...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Moreangels M Mbizah, Gerhard Steenkamp, Rosemary J Groom
African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) are endangered and their population continues to decline throughout their range. Given their conservation status, more research focused on their population dynamics, population growth and age specific mortality is needed and this requires reliable estimates of age and age of mortality. Various age determination methods from teeth and skull measurements have been applied in numerous studies and it is fundamental to test the validity of these methods and their applicability to different species...
2016: PloS One
Federico Tirone, Stefano Salzano, Erik Rolando
BACKGROUND: Microdontia of the maxillary anterior teeth occurs quite frequently but is poorly documented. The literature describes several treatment choices, which are often focused on an orthodontic approach rather than a restorative one. The latest trends in restorative dentistry and the new ceramic materials, such as lithium disilicate, allow clinicians to perform esthetic rehabilitations based on microinvasive approaches that are most appropriate for younger patients. SUMMARY: Four patients, all employed in the field of dentistry, presented at our dental practice complaining of diastemata between their maxillary anterior teeth...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Nello Martiniello, Martina Stefanini, Giovanni Zucchelli
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice it is common to observe adjacent multiple gingival recessions (MGRs) associated with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs). The aim of this 2-year case report was to describe the full-mouth treatment of a patient affected by MGRs and NCCLs, with a combined restorative-surgical approach using a coronally advanced flap (CAF) and a xenogeneic collagen matrix (CM). METHOD: Before surgery, a composite restoration filled the deepest portion of the NCCL defects and was finished at the level of the maximum root coverage (MRC)...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Mario Imburgia, Angelo Canale, Davide Cortellini, Marco Maneschi, Claudio Martucci, Marco Valenti
The esthetic treatment of anterior teeth has always presented a challenge in clinical practice. With the improvement of dental materials, many restorative options such as composite resins, all-ceramic crowns, and ceramic veneers have become available. The current challenge in reconstructive dentistry is to obtain excellent esthetic results while preserving the biological structures involved as much as possible. Thanks to the introduction of high-strength etchable dental ceramics, clinicians and technicians have materials and procedures at their disposal that allow them to restore esthetics and function through a minimally invasive approach...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Jean-Baptiste Charrier, Nathan Moreau
INTRODUCTION: Facial symmetry has always been a longstanding objective of orthognathic surgery. Patients that present significant facial asymmetry desire functional dental occlusion but also seek to enhance their facial esthetics. In that regard, different surgical techniques have been proposed to enhance facial recontouring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a clinical case report and a literature review, this article explores the use of allopastic microporous titanium implants in volumetric corrections of the face...
September 2016: L' Orthodontie Française
Augusto Ricardo Andrighetto, Eduardo Henrique de Leão Withers, Karlos Giovani Grando, Aldrieli Regina Ambrosio, Roberto Hideo Shimizu, Ana Cláudia Melo
BACKGROUND: Tooth bleaching is, today, one of the most widespread cosmetic treatments in dental practice,  so it is important to determine whether it can interfere with orthodontic bonding or not. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro effects of 35% hydrogen peroxide bleaching agent on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five upper bicuspids were divided into three groups (n = 15)...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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