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Dental Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228416/dental-health-in-patients-affected-by-alcohol-use-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
P F Manicone, C Tarli, A Mirijello, L Raffaelli, G A Vassallo, M Antonelli, M M Rando, C Mosoni, A Cossari, L Lavorgna, F Caputo, A D'Addona, A Gasbarrini, G Addolorato
OBJECTIVE: Chronic alcohol abuse represents a risk factor for oral diseases, in particular, oral cancer. Periodontal disease has been showed to be involved in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, such as atherosclerosis and liver steatosis. The role of chronic alcohol consumption on periodontitis is still controversial. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of chronic alcohol abuse on oral health. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three alcohol use disorders (AUD) patients and twenty-three healthy social drinkers underwent an oral examination by trained oral clinicians in order to evaluate oral and dental health...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227014/comparison-of-weighted-and-composite-scores-for-pre-clinical-dental-learners
#2
H M Nassar, Y S Park, A Tekian
PURPOSE: The weighted mean (WM) method for combining scores of assessment components can provide outcomes with biased reliability and score precision. The objective of this study was to compare the traditional WM with another method utilising the composite score (CS) principle for combining scores of a final summative assessment exercise for a pre-clinical dental course. METHODS: Data were collected from the final examination of third-year Preclinical Operative and Esthetic Dentistry course consisting of 3 parts: practical competency, objective structured practical examination and a written examination with weights of 33%, 17% and 50%, respectively...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226455/perceptions-of-oral-health-among-older-cambodians-and-their-caregivers-a-qualitative-study
#3
Rithvitou Horn, Chanlay Heng, Chamrouen Chea, Chanthyda Sieng, Chenlay Louv, Bathsheba Turton, Callum Durward, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
OBJECTIVE: Older adults (those above the age of 60) are an emerging demographic in Cambodia, and very little is understood about their oral health experiences, needs, perceptions and behaviours. The aim of this study was to explore the oral health experiences, practices and perceptions of a convenience sample of a small but diverse group of older adults in Cambodia. METHOD: A cross-sectional qualitative study in which focus group interviews were conducted by 5 trained senior Cambodian dental students...
December 11, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225624/a-competition-between-care-teams-improved-recording-of-diagnoses-in-primary-dental-care-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#4
Jouko Kallio, Timo Kauppila, Lasse Suominen, Anna Maria Heikkinen
Introduction: A playful competition was launched in a primary dental health care system to improve the recording of diagnoses into an electronic patient chart system and to study what diagnoses were used in primary dental care. Methods: This was a longitudinal follow-up study with public sector primary dental care practices in a Finnish city. A one-year-lasting playful competition between the dental care teams was launched and the monthly percentage of dentists' visits with recorded diagnosis before, during, and after the intervention was recorded...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224061/cyclic-fatigue-and-torsional-strength-of-three-different-thermally-treated-reciprocating-nickel-titanium-instruments
#5
Murilo Priori Alcalde, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte, Clovis Monteiro Bramante, Bruno Carvalho de Vasconselos, Mario Tanomaru-Filho, Juliane Maria Guerreiro-Tanomaru, Jader Carvalho Pinto, Marcus Vinicius Reis Só, Rodrigo Ricci Vivan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cyclic and torsional fatigue resistance of the reciprocating single-file systems Reciproc Blue 25.08 (VDW GmbH, Munich, Germany), Prodesign R 25.06 (Easy Dental Equipment, Belo Horizonte, Brazil), and WaveOne Gold 25.07 (Dentsply/Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK, USA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty reciprocating instruments of the systems Reciproc Blue R25 (RB #25 .08 taper), Prodesign R (PDR #25 .06 taper), and WaveOne Gold (WOG #25 ...
December 9, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213011/the-prevalence-of-occupational-health-related-problems-in-dentistry-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Rajeshree Moodley, J M Van Wyk, Saloshni Naidoo
The study was conducted to report on the scope and prevalence of occupational health related-problems experienced by dentists, dental therapists, and oral hygienists in their practice of dentistry. BACKGROUND: Professional practice and dental training have many risk factors, and the dental team should be able to recognize these factors to protect themselves. The prevalence of conditions related to the musculoskeletal system, stress, percutaneous injuries, ears, and eyes are of concern...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210825/graftless-maxillary-sinus-lift-using-lateral-window-approach-a-systematic-review
#7
Marcelo Parra, Claudia Atala-Acevedo, Rodrigo Fariña, Ziyad S Haidar, Carlos Zaror, Sergio Olate
PURPOSE: The aim was to determine the survival rate of dental implants installed in the posterior region of the maxilla after a graftless maxillary sinus lift via the lateral window approach and to identify the factors involved in the results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was done on MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Scopus, and Science Direct up to June 2016; additional studies were identified through an analysis of references. Primary studies in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and French were included; the selection and data extraction process was conducted by 2 investigators independently, and the methodological quality was evaluated by means of the Effective Public Health Practice Project's Quality Assessment Tool...
November 27, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209685/-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-towards-oral-health-gender-differences-between-parents
#8
F Guerra, F Rinaldo, A Mannocci, M Mazur, D Corridore, G Di Giorgio, A Polimeni, L Ottolenghi, G M Nardi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the results of a survey carried out on a sample of mothers and fathers about the knowledge and personal attitudes towards their own oral health and in terms of attention to that of their children. Mutual analogy and cognitive and behavioral differences between parents have been evaluated; in particular as the early assumption of a healthy lifestyle can influence the proper development of their children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This survey was conducted using a paper questionnaire distributed to a population of parents, men and women, in several private dental practices in Rome...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208800/spanning-the-horizon-of-accuracy-of-different-intraoral-radiographic-modalities-a-systematic-review
#9
Mohnish Muchhal, Lav K Niraj, Devanshu Chaudhary, Irfan Ali, Kuldeep Dhama, Basavaraj Patthi
AIM: This study was conducted with an aim to systematically review the literature for assessing the accuracy of intraoral radiographs in detection of dental caries. INTRODUCTION: Despite the advancements in oral disease science, dental caries continues to be a worldwide health concern, affecting humans of all ages. Correct diagnosis of caries is critical both in clinical practice as well as in epidemiology and radiography are worthwhile adjunct for a thorough examination...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208797/caries-preventive-effect-of-sodium-fluoride-varnish-on-deciduous-dentition-a-clinical-trial
#10
Swapnil K Patil, Madhura Fatangare, Rutuj G Jadhav, Gaurav R Shinde, Siddhi S Pawar, Mitesh D Kathariya
AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of intensive application of sodium fluoride varnish in reducing caries incidence among children aged 6 to 7 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled trial conducted among 6- to 7-year-old children of Sangamner, Maharashtra, India. Nearly 200 randomly selected children were randomized into two groups: Control group and intervention (varnish) group. Dental examination to record the caries experiences was conducted at baseline and at 1-year follow-up...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208791/effect-of-temperature-on-film-thickness-of-two-types-of-commonly-used-luting-cements
#11
M Praveen Kumar, Reddy Priyadarshini, Yasangi M Kumar, K Shanthi Priya, Chunchuvyshnavi Chunchuvyshnavi, Harika Yerrapragada
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of temperature change on film thickness of both types of cements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally, 60 samples were prepared with 10 in each subgroup, thus comprising 30 in each group. Materials tested were glass ionomer cement (GIC) type I and zinc phosphate type I. Samples were manipulated with manufacturer's instructions and tested according to American Dental Association (ADA) guidelines. RESULTS: The mean values of film thickness were recorded for both groups I and II...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206706/quantifying-dental-office-originating-adverse-events-the-dental-practice-study-methods
#12
Oluwabunmi Tokede, Muhammad Walji, Rachel Ramoni, Donald B Rindal, Donald Worley, Nutan Hebballi, Krishna Kumar, Claire van Strien, Mengxia Chen, Shaked Navat-Pelli, Hongchun Liu, Jini Etolue, Alfa Yansane, Enihomo Obadan-Udoh, Casey Easterday, Chris Enstad, Sheryl Kane, William Rush, Elsbeth Kalenderian
BACKGROUND: Preventable medical errors in hospital settings are the third leading cause of deaths in the United States. However, less is known about harm that occurs in patients in outpatient settings, where the majority of care is delivered. We do not know the likelihood that a patient sitting in a dentist chair will experience harm. Additionally, we do not know if patients of certain race, age, sex, or socioeconomic status disproportionately experience iatrogenic harm. METHODS: We initiated the Dental Practice Study (DPS) with the aim of determining the frequency and types of adverse events (AEs) that occur in dentistry on the basis of retrospective chart audit...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205782/the-graduating-european-dentist-a-new-undergraduate-curriculum-framework
#13
J C Field, J G Cowpe, A D Walmsley
With "The Graduating European Dentist", ADEE provides a new approach that reflects best academic practice for European undergraduate dental education. The new suite of documents sees increased emphasis on important curriculum components such as patient safety, working as a team and patient-centred care. There is also an increased emphasis on teaching excellence, student satisfaction and student preparedness and support. Guidance relating to methods of teaching and learning, and assessment (educational measurement), is also provided...
December 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203739/4-and-6-interleukin-s-action-in-the-pathogenesis-of-periodontitis-gingivitis-and-dental-alveolitis
#14
Alla I Berezniakova, Valentуna F Cheremisina
INTRODUCTION: The paper presents the results of studying the role of interleukins 4 and 6 in the pathogenesis of periodontal tissue diseases, specifically, in periodontitis, gingivitis and alveolitis. THE AIM: To study the nature of participation of IL-4 and IL-6 in the mechanisms of development of periodontitis, gingivitis and alveolitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies were carried out on 80 nonlinear male rats with a body weight of 200.0 to 220...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203598/community-dental-health-coordinators-cultural-connectors-for-oral-health
#15
Jane Grover
The American Dental Association's Community Dental Health Coordinator program was designed to teach community health worker skills to dental auxiliaries. Case management, a valued skill utilized by medical providers, is largely unknown in the dental profession. When case management is incorporated into a dental professional's practice, prevention becomes amplified, leading to decreased costs and increased access.
November 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203072/practical-and-theoretical-considerations-on-the-fracture-toughness-testing-of-dental-restorative-materials
#16
REVIEW
Renan Belli, Michael Wendler, José I Zorzin, Ulrich Lohbauer
BACKGROUND: An important tool in materials research, development and characterization regarding mechanical performance is the testing of fracture toughness. A high level of accuracy in executing this sort of test is necessary, with strict requirements given in extensive testing standard documents. Proficiency in quality specimen fabrication and test requires practice and a solid theoretical background, oftentimes overlooked in the dental community. AIMS: In this review we go through some fundamentals of the fracture mechanics concepts that are relevant to the understanding of fracture toughness testing, and draw attention to critical aspects of practical nature that must be fulfilled for validity and accuracy in results...
December 1, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202172/interprofessional-collaboration-of-dental-hygiene-and-communication-sciences-disorders-students-to-meet-oral-health-needs-of-children-with-autism
#17
Kelly L Anderson, Trisha L Self, Brandi N Carlson
PURPOSE: This pilot project was intended to introduce an authentic interprofessional education experience with students from Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) and Dental Hygiene (DH) to develop and apply strategies to assist children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to decrease their anxiety and improve their ability to participate in an oral screening and prophylaxis appointment. The second purpose was for students to learn each other's scope of practice. METHODS: Four children diagnosed with ASD were identified as having dental anxiety and unmet dental needs...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201972/a-survey-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-iranian-dentists-and-pedodontists-in-relation-to-child-abuse
#18
Fatemeh Jahanimoghadam, Mahsa Kalantari, Azadeh Horri, Habibeh Ahmadipour, Ehsan Pourmorteza
Statement of the Problem: Since almost half of the child abuse cases affect the head and neck region, dentists have an important role in the diagnosis and report of oral and dental aspects of child abuse cases. Purpose: The objective of the current study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of the general dentists and pedodontists regarding child abuse and child neglect. Materials and Method: This cross-sectional study was carried out on the participants of the 12th congress of pedodontists of Iran...
December 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200371/comparison-of-anesthesia-for-dental-oral-surgery-by-office-based-dentist-anesthesiologists-versus-operating-room-based-physician-anesthesiologists
#19
Mark A Saxen, Richard D Urman, Juan F Yepes, Rodney A Gabriel, James E Jones
Few studies have examined the practice characteristics of dentist anesthesiologists and compared them to other anesthesia providers. Using outcomes from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry and the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry for dental/oral surgery procedures, we compared 7133 predominantly office-based anesthetics by dentist anesthesiologists to 106,420 predominantly operating room anesthetics performed by physician anesthesia providers. These encounters were contrasted with 34,191 previously published encounters from the practices of oral and maxillofacial surgeons...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197448/motivational-interviewing-based-approaches-in-dental-practice-settings-may-improve-oral-health-behaviors-and-outcomes
#20
Donald L Chi
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Motivational interviewing in general dental practice: A review of the evidence. Kay EJ, Vascott D, Hocking A, Nield H. Br Dent J 2016; 221(12):785-91. SOURCE OF FUNDING: National Institute for Health Care Excellence (UK) TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review.
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
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