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Dental Practice

Heléne F Dorfling, Zarina Lockhat, Samantha Pretorius, Maryna Steyn, Anna C Oettlé
Although guidelines for facial approximations, including those for the eye, are in use in South Africa, limited data on African populations exist to confirm its validity. As precise placement of the eyes in facial approximations is of importance for facial recognition, this study tested established guidelines by measuring specific instrumental dimensions. Forty-nine cadavers from the Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University and the University of Pretoria were dissected to determine the position of the canthi and the size and position of the eyeball in the orbit...
March 8, 2018: Forensic Science International
A O Akinyamoju, B F Adeyemi, A D Odofin, A O Balogun, C A Akinyamoju
Background: Oral histopathology services are oral diagnostic procedures. General Dental Practitioners (GDPs) are routinely exposed to oral lesions that require biopsies. Hence, the study's objective of assessing the perception and the utilization of oral histopathology services by GDPs. Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at dental clinics distributed across Southwest Nigeria. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of sections addressing the socio-demographic/professional aspects; the beliefs of GDPs and their utilization of oral histopathology services was used to collect data...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
Andreescu Claudia, Horia Mihail Barbu, Lorean Adi, Alper Gultekin, Vadim Reiser, Pinar Gultekin, Eitan Mijiritsky
Third lower molar partially erupted is commonly encountered in dental practice. This situation challenges clinicians with the dilemma whether to remove or to monitor it, because this molar can cause pathology of the adjacent second molar. The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the relationship between third mandibular molar and distal cervical caries in second molar. This retrospective study analyzed 55 digital orthopantograms of adult patients and a total number of 95 mandibular third molars were assessed for eruption status, angulation, radiographic evidence of caries or restoration in the mandibular third molar, and radiographic evidence of caries or restoration in the distal surface of the mandibular second molar...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Claudia K True, Courtney J Bolam, Robert M Baratt, Kurt Selberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Samuel D Clark, Rachel Mikofsky, Jacqueline Lawson, David Sulzer
Multiphoton microscopy has been widely adapted for imaging neurons in vivo. Repeated imaging requires implantation of a cranial window or repeated thinning of the skull. Cranial window surgery is typically performed with a high speed rotary drill, and many investigators find it challenging to prevent the drill from damaging the delicate dura and blood vessels. Extensive training and practice is required to remove the bone without damage to underlying tissue and thus cranial window surgery can be difficult, time consuming, and produce tissue damage...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Elham Kateeb, Elizabeth Momany
BACKGROUND: Beliefs about oral health during pregnancy demographic factors, such as level of education and socioeconomic status, are associated with an increased risk of oral diseases during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the oral health status of pregnant women and the relation to the women's oral health knowledge, beliefs, behaviour, and access to dental care. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, pregnant women visiting pre-natal care clinics at the Palestinian Ministry of Health centres in the Jerusalem governorate were invited to complete a structured interview with questions about beliefs about oral health care and their oral hygiene practices...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Gayathri Priyadarshni Elangovan, Jananni Muthu, Indra Kumar Periyasamy, Pratebha Balu, R Saravana Kumar
Background: The differences in the oral health status between the individuals with a high socioeconomic status (SES) and those with a low SES had markedly increased. There is, however, minimal information available on women understanding the need of dental hygiene for overall health and whether pregnant women comply with the current oral health strategies. In Lieu with the above, the present study aims to assess the awareness, dental hygiene practices, and the frequency of dental visits during pregnancy in postnatal women who delivered preterm low birth weight babies of different SES in and around Puducherry...
November 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Jenna L McCauley, Renata S Leite, Valeria V Gordan, Roger B Fillingim, Gregg H Gilbert, Cyril Meyerowitz, David Cochran, D Brad Rindal, Kathleen T Brady
BACKGROUND: Minimal information exists regarding the consistency and correlates of dentists' implementation of risk mitigation strategies when prescribing opioids, including risk screening, prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) use, and patient education. METHODS: The authors conducted a Web-based, cross-sectional survey among practicing dentist members of The National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. The authors used the survey to assess pain management prescribing practices and risk mitigation implementation...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Robert A Convissar
BACKGROUND: Lasers are promoted as viable adjunctive treatment methods for nonsurgical periodontal pocket reduction; however, the literature supporting this use is lacking. Multiple meta-analyses found no benefit to laser use for this procedure. The American Dental Association issued clinical practice guidelines about laser use in periodontal pockets, concluding that diode, neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet, and erbium lasers have no benefit as adjunctive therapies to scaling and root planing...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Triantafyllia Vouzara, Garyfallia Dimosiari, Elisabeth A Koulaouzidou, Nikolaos Economides
INTRODUCTION: Resin sealers with biocompatible and bioactive additives have been used in clinical practice. Recently, a calcium silicate root canal sealer was introduced under the name BioRoot RCS (Septodont, Saint Maur-des-Fossés, France). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of BioRoot RCS on cell survival and proliferation of cultured cells in parallel with an epoxy resin sealer with calcium phosphate and calcium oxide and a salicylate resin sealer with mineral trioxide aggregate filler...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
William M Palin, Julian G Leprince, Mohammed A Hadis
Spatial and temporal control is a key advantage for placement and rapid setting of light-activated resin composites. Conventionally, placement of multiple thin layers (<2mm) reduces the effect of light attenuation through highly filled and pigmented materials to increase polymerisation at the base of the restoration. However, and although light curing greater than 2mm thick layers is not an entirely new phenomenon, the desire amongst dental practitioners for even more rapid processing in deep cavities has led to the growing acceptance of so-called "bulk fill" (4-6mm thick) resin composites that are irradiated for 10-20s in daily clinical practice...
March 14, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Omar B Da'ar, Abdulaziz Alshaya
This study estimated whether continued programming of a highly specialized four-year dentistry residency training in Saudi Arabia was cost-beneficial. We utilized a purposive sampling to administer a survey to trainees in major cities. Additionally, we used publically available market information about general practitioners. We employed Benefit-Cost Analysis accounting approach as a conceptual framework. Using general practitioners as the base category, we grouped overall social analytical perspectives into resident trainees and rest of society...
February 19, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Fariha Hasan, Mohammad O Khan, Mukarram Ali
Introduction Pakistan is extremely susceptible to an influenza outbreak, as it shares borders with the most affected countries, namely China and India. The medical and dental students come into direct contact with the affected population and should be aware of the risk factors and signs and symptoms pertaining to swine influenza virus (SIV). Hence, this survey was conducted to assess the knowledge, perceptions and self-care practices of the medical and dental students with regards to this pandemic. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the swine flu-related knowledge, attitudes and practices of the medical and dental students at various institutions in Karachi, Pakistan...
January 9, 2018: Curēus
Flávia Gonçalves, Luiza Mello de Paiva Campos, Ezequias Costa Rodrigues-Júnior, Fabrícia Viana Costa, Pamela Adeline Marques, Carlos Eduardo Francci, Roberto Ruggiero Braga, Letícia Cristina Cidreira Boaro
Bulk-fill composites are claimed to be restorative materials used in deep preparations and effectively photoactivated in layers up to 4 mm. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the degree of conversion, post-gel volumetric shrinkage, and cytotoxicity of six bulk-fill and two conventional composites. Degree of conversion was determined by FTIR spectroscopy; post-gel volumetric shrinkage was determined using the strain gauge method; and cytotoxicity in human fibroblasts was evaluated indirectly by the MTT assay...
March 8, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Svetlana Tikhonova, Linda Booij, Violet D'Souza, Karla T B Crosara, Walter L Siqueira, Elham Emami
BACKGROUND: This scoping review addressed the question 'what do we know about stress-related changes in saliva and dental caries in general population?' METHODS: The review was conducted using electronic searches via Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and WoS. All published human studies with both observational and experimental designs were included. Two reviewers independently reviewed eligible articles and extracted the data. The studies' quality was assessed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality Assessment Tool...
March 13, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Renzo Guarnieri, Maurizio Grande, Francesco Zuffetti, Tiziano Testori
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the incidence of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis around dental implants with the same body design and surface but different collar surface (laser-microgrooved vs not laser-microgrooved) after 5 years of loading in private practice patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on patients at a private dental clinic enrolled in a periodontal maintenance program, who received at least one implant with a laser-microgrooved collar surface and one implant without a laser-microgrooved collar surface...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Pedro C Aravena, Camila P Oyarzún, María F Arias, Héctor Monardes, Alejandro Jerez, Bruna Benso
PURPOSE: The use of antibiotic prophylaxis in dental implant surgery is a routine dental practice to prevent implant failure. Current systematic reviews have yet to confirm the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment at reducing postoperative infection rates in implant procedures. The aim of this study was to quantify amoxicillin plasma levels at the peripheral venous blood and at the surgical implant site in patients undergoing dental treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Dominik Gross, Karin Gross, Mathias Schmidt
Dental implantology is one of the most attractive and dynamic fields of work within clinical dentistry. It provides many patients with new and improved opportunities for stable (implant-supported) rehabilitation and also offers dentists a field that is interesting in both technical and economic terms. Adverse clinical outcomes are, however, often the subject of discussion. These relate both to prosthetic failure and to biologic complications and side effects, namely persistent infections surrounding implants...
March 12, 2018: Quintessence International
Ghassan M Al-Iryani, Fareedi Mukram Ali, Naima H Alnami, Sahar K Almashhur, Maha A Adawi, Abrar A Tairy
Medical emergencies are one of the most stressful situations the staff in a dental practice might encounter. The duty of care toward the attending patients obligates suitable preparedness to provide the necessary care if such emergencies ensue. Unfortunately, we found that 22% of the investigated dental clinics had no emergency kit available. Only 38% of the interviewed dentists felt confident to perform CPR, and 18% had no confidence to manage any medical emergency. An MCQ test of 20 questions examining the dentists' knowledge in medical emergencies was distributed, and the level of knowledge was found to be suboptimal...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Douglas A Conrad, Peter Milgrom, R Mike Shirtcliff, Howard L Bailit, Sharity Ludwig, Jeanne Dysert, Gary Allen, Joana Cunha-Cruz
BACKGROUND: Dentists increasingly are employed in large group practices that use financial incentive systems to influence provider performance. The authors describe the design and initial implementation of a pay-for-performance (P4P) incentive program for a large capitated Oregon group dental practice that cares primarily for patients receiving Medicaid. The authors do not assess the effectiveness of the incentive system on provider and staff member performance. METHODS: The data come from use of care files and integrated electronic health records, provider and staff member surveys, and interviews and community surveys from 6 counties...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
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