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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727751/oral-health-and-cardiovascular-care-perceptions-of-people-with-cardiovascular-disease
#1
Paula Sanchez, Bronwyn Everett, Yenna Salamonson, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Joshua Bishop, Karen Lintern, Samantha Nolan, Rohan Rajaratnam, Julie Redfern, Maria Sheehan, Fiona Skarligos, Lissa Spencer, Ravi Srinivas, Ajesh George
MAIN OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perception of patients with cardiovascular disease towards oral health and the potential for cardiac care clinicians to promote oral health. METHOD: A needs assessment was undertaken with twelve patients with cardiovascular disease attending cardiac rehabilitation between 2015 and 2016, in three metropolitan hospitals in Sydney, Australia. These patients participated in face-to-face semi-structured interviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725125/from-dental-science-to-clinical-practice-knowledge-translation-and-evidence-based-dentistry-principles
#2
REVIEW
Kelvin I Afrashtehfar, Mansour K Assery
It has been claimed that in order to decrease the gap between what we know and what we do, research findings must be translated from knowledge to action. Such practices better enable dentists to make evidence-based decisions instead of personal ideas and judgments. To this end, this literature review aims to revisit the concepts of knowledge translation and evidence-based dentistry (EBD) and depict their role and influence within dental education. It addresses some possible strategies to facilitate knowledge translation (KT), encourage dental students to use EBD principles, and to encourage dental educators to create an environment in which students become self-directed learners...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722250/residential-age-care-and-domiciliary-oral-health-services-reach-oht-the-development-of-a-metropolitan-oral-health-programme-in-sydney-australia
#3
F A Clive Wright, Garry Law, Steven K-Y Chu, John S Cullen, David G Le Couteur
OBJECTIVE: To describe an oral health care programme for older people in Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) to improve access to care and support facilities. INTRODUCTION: Different models of residential care have been proposed, but few have been comprehensive (providing on-site health promotion and service delivery) or sustainable. METHODS: A partnership model of oral health care, with dental services plus oral health education, was integrated into the community outreach services of a metropolitan hospital department of aged care...
July 19, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722005/a-conservative-management-of-iatrogenically-damaged-distal-root-of-the-mandibular-second-molar
#4
Rashmi Bansal, Sonali Roy, Praveen Chandra, Anuraag Gurtu, Rahul Pandey
Trauma to the adjacent hard and soft tissue is the most common iatrogenic injury during extraction of the mandibular third molar. As every functional component of the dental arch is of prime importance in contemporary dental practice, the major concern must be in conserving the tooth and its structure as much as possible. The present case discusses the application of this conservative approach for management of iatrogenically damaged distal root of the mandibular second molar during extraction of impacted third molar, in which excessive guttering of alveolar bone and fractured apical third of distal root of 37 was observed radiographically...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718246/effect-of-cobalt-chromium-alloy-re-use-in-dentistry-on-its-castability-value
#5
Yogendra Imran, Muhammad Raza, Muhammad Sartaj Khan, Yousaf Hayat
BACKGROUND: Re-use of dental casting alloy is a routine practice, which is carried out with the motive to conserve resources. There have been studies on the re-use of alloys but a controversy exists as to the proportioning ratio of fresh to used alloy and the number of time an alloy can be recast. The objective of the study was to measure the effect of addition of 50% by weight used alloy to the fresh Cobalt-Chromium alloy on the castability. METHODS: In the present in-vitro experimental study A total of 20 specimens were cast by flame centrifuge, using modified Whitlock's method...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715479/retention-and-recruitment-of-general-dentists-in-an-adjunct-teaching-model-a-pilot-study
#6
Brian J Howe, Verasathpurush Allareddy, Christopher A Barwacz, I Reed Parker, Cheryl L Straub-Morarend, David C Holmes
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Retention and recruitment of part time clinical adjunct faculty members in dental education is becoming increasingly difficult as dental schools come to rely on this workforce for their increased involvement in clinical education. Contributing factors include full time faculty shortage, aging workforce, practice and student debt, practice and family commitments, and financial compensation. This study attempts to ascertain barriers to teaching so appropriate strategies can be formulated to address this issue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714187/a-critique-of-utilitarian-and-instrumentalist-concepts-for-the-teaching-of-gross-anatomy-to-medical-and-dental-students-an-opinion-piece
#7
Bernard J Moxham, Diogo Pais
Medical and dental curricula, together with anatomical sciences courses, are increasingly having to change, mainly because there is a drive to being what is termed, without adequate definition, 'clinically relevant'. The concept of 'clinical anatomy' has accordingly been invented and it is expected that, at all times, the teaching of anatomy is directly focussed on clinical scenarios, meaning almost invariably the 'disease-based model of medicine and dentistry'. Furthermore, students are not expected to have a detailed knowledge of gross anatomy and the time devoted to teaching and learning the subject has decreased significantly...
July 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713427/a-three-year-retrospective-study-on-survival-of-ceramic-veneered-zirconia-y-tzp-fixed-dental-prostheses-performed-in-private-practices
#8
Veronika Norström Saarva, Göran Bjerkstig, Anders Örtorp, Per Svanborg
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the three-year clinical outcome for ceramic-veneered zirconia fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). METHODS: All patients who were treated with ceramic-veneered zirconia FDPs, in three private practices in Sweden, during the period June 2003 to April 2007 were included. Case records from 151 patients, treated with a total of 184 zirconia FDPs (692 units), were analysed for clinical data. All complications noted in the charts were registered and compared to definitions for success and survival and statistical analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and a Cox regression model...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713108/current-prescribing-practices-for-antibiotic-prophylaxis-a-survey-of-dental-practitioners
#9
Leah S Spittle, Kathleen B Muzzin, Patricia R Campbell, Janice P DeWald, Francisco Rivera-Hidalgo
AIM: Antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines have been developed for health care and dentistry. The authors examined whether dentists were following the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2012 American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was sent to 600 dentists in the south-central region of the United States. The survey examined dentists' prescribing practices for patients with cardiac and prosthetic joint replacements, antibiotic regimen prescribed, confidence in their prescription decisions, and dentistry's contribution to antibiotic resistance...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713107/study-on-personality-types-of-dentists-in-different-disciplines-of-dentistry
#10
Yousef H Al-Dlaigan, Albatool S Alahmari, Sara H Almubarak, Sahar A Alateeq, Sukumaran Anil
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the most common personality type among dentists in seven selected clinical dentistry specialties using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and to compare between these different types of personalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey containing the MBTI and demographic and practice questions was used to assess the personality styles of 243 dental specialists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The survey results were analyzed using descriptive statistics...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711890/the-preexposure-prophylaxis-of-stomatological-diseases-among-the-population-of-ukraine-in-the-practice-of-the-family-doctor-and-the-pediatrician
#11
Natalia A Lyakhova, Svetlana S Kasinets
INTRODUCTION: The dental health is one of the direct measures indicators of the population's health, integrated indicator of the nation's health, its invigoration and preservation are the most important medical, social and economic problems. The aim to investigate the position and the role of a family doctor and a pediatrician in the preexposure prophylaxis orthodontic pathology among the population of Ukraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The book-semantic analysis of the scientific literature; the content analysis - research of the regulatory and legal framework; the system analysis - analysis of the system of doctors' carrying preexposure prophylaxis of the stomatological diseases...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704286/the-effect-of-force-feedback-in-a-virtual-learning-environment-on-the-performance-and-satisfaction-of-dental-students
#12
Ilse R de Boer, Maxim D Lagerweij, Merlijn W de Vries, Paul R Wesselink, Johanna M Vervoorn
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the effect of force feedback (FFB) on student performance in a virtual learning environment (VLE) using the Simodont dental trainer (Moog, Nieuw-Vennep, the Netherlands) and evaluated the students' satisfaction with and without FFB. METHODS: The Simodont dental trainer, which was used as a VLE, was randomly assigned to 101 first-year dental students with no previous experience in cutting a tooth or working in a VLE with FFB...
April 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703158/compliance-with-occupational-exposure-risk-management-procedures-in-a-dental-school-setting
#13
J O Westall, C Dickinson
Background The Dental Institute at King's College London has recently implemented changes focusing on infection control, including safety needle provision, personal protective equipment campaigns, mandatory lectures and formal assessment for students. We explored the effect of these changes over a five-year period.Methods We observed 49 clinical consultations in 2010 and 50 in 2014, examining clinician attire, personal protective equipment, dental operatory management, sharps hazards and aseptic technique.Results One hundred percent of operators wore gloves, apron and masks, 94% wore eye protection, 98% had uncovered wrists and 88% had tidy hair...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703153/-dam-it-it-s-easy-or-is-it
#14
K Marshall
Dentists the world over seem to still have issues in making rubber dam application a routine part of practice, even in situations where patients are obviously at risk. In this article, the author - who has delivered hundreds of seminars and hands on tuition in a quick and easy method of dam application (the 'Dam it - it's Easy!' series) to dentists in the UK, Europe, North America and Asia - highlights the similarity of the misconceptions existing in regard to its use by dentists the world over. The valuable advantages to the environment in the dental treatment room by dental dam application are considered underused...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693545/competence-profiles-in-undergraduate-dental-education-a-comparison-between-theory-and-reality
#15
Sebastiaan Koole, Shani Van Den Brulle, Véronique Christiaens, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn
BACKGROUND: Competence profiles are purposed to provide a blueprint in support to develop and/or benchmark the learning outcomes of undergraduate dental curricula. This study aims to investigate whether a competence profile as proposed by academic- and clinical experts is able to represent the real clinical reality. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed including questions about gender and age, perception about required competences, and educational organisation and was distributed among Flemish dentists via email and on paper during a symposium...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693469/smoking-and-attitudes-towards-its-cessation-among-native-and-international-dental-students-in-lithuania
#16
Apolinaras Zaborskis, Aiste Volkyte, Julija Narbutaite, Jorma I Virtanen
BACKGROUND: Dental professionals are uniquely positioned to discourage smoking among their patients. However, little is known about the role of cultural background and attitudes towards smoking in the education of these professionals. Our study aimed to compare native Lithuanian and international dental students' smoking habits, knowledge about the harmfulness of smoking and attitudes towards smoking cessation. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of smoking and its cessation among dental students at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences (Kaunas, Lithuania) in 2012...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693407/patterns-of-drugs-prescribed-for-dental-outpatients-in-nigeria-findings-and-implications
#17
Joseph O Fadare, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Obitade S Obimakinde, Abayomi O Sijuade, Jide M Afolayan, Adeyinka A Adeleke, Brian Godman, Damilola O Ojumu
OBJECTIVES: There are concerns with inappropriate prescribing of medicines among dentists especially antimicrobials. It is more concerning if this increases resistance rates. This study aimed to address this by assessing patterns of drugs prescribed for outpatients attending a hospital dental clinic in Nigeria. The findings will be used to plan future interventions, particularly around antimicrobial prescribing, where there are concerns. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Medical records of patients attending the dental clinic of a leading teaching hospital in Nigeria were evaluated...
July 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691480/computer-guided-implant-insertion-in-a-patient-with-impacted-maxillary-canines-case-report
#18
S Lico, C Andrisani, M Andreasi Bassi, V Candotto, F J Silvestre, D Lauritano
The use of minimally invasive surgical techniques undoubtedly represents a huge advantage for both the clinician and the patient. This case report shows the possibility of making an implant-prosthetic rehabilitation in an upper jaw in a patient who presented dental elements 1.3 and 2.3 in bone inclusion. The use of computer-guided surgery offers us the possibility to carry out this type of implant rehabilitation without performing the extraction of the above-mentioned dental elements combined with the bone regeneration of the extraction sockets...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691451/survey-results-of-currently-used-techniques-and-materials-by-dentists-for-fabrication-of-complete-removable-dental-prostheses
#19
A Meirowitz, R Nowotny Klein, D Lauritano, N Harel, J Block, S Matalon, F Carinci, Z Ormianer
The present study was based on the screening of procedures and materials used by dentists in constructing complete removable dental prostheses, considering their professional background and years of experience. Questions arose regarding differences and similarities within the local dental society, of which approximately 75% were trained in Europeans countries with differences in academic background, and compared to international dentistry. A questionnaire web site was used in order to anonymously collect answers to the survey by general practicing and specialist dentists...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691267/the-use-of-virtual-patient-scenarios-as-a-vehicle-for-teaching-professionalism
#20
H F Marei, M M Al-Eraky, N N Almasoud, J Donkers, J J G Van Merrienboer
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure students' perceptions of virtual patient scenarios (VPs) for developing ethical reasoning skills and to explore features in VP design that are necessary to promote professionalism. METHODS: Sixty-five dental students participated in learning sessions that involved collaborative practice with five VPs (four high fidelity and one low fidelity), followed by reflection sessions. Students' perceptions towards the use of VPs in developing ethical reasoning skills were assessed using a questionnaire that involved 10 closed and three open-ended questions...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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