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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645519/the-repellent-efficacy-of-eleven-essential-oils-against-adult-dermacentor-reticulatus-ticks
#1
Katarína Štefanidesová, Ľudovít Škultéty, Olivier A E Sparagano, Eva Špitalská
Dermacentor reticulatus ticks are among the most important arthropod vectors of zoonotic disease agents in Europe. Eleven essential oils, namely basil (Ocimum basilicum), bergamot (Citrus bergamia), clove bud (Syzygium aromaticum), citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus), creeping thyme (Thymus serpyllum), lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), lemon-scented gum (Corymbia citriodora), marjoram (Origanum majorana), peppermint (Mentha piperita), spearmint (M. spicata), and red thyme (Thymus vulgaris) were tested for repellency against adult D...
June 15, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634803/a-method-for-reducing-environmental-pollution-by-using-essential-oils-in-rodent-pest-management-program
#2
Goran Jokić, Tanja Blažić, Rada Đurović-Pejčev, Tijana Đorđević, Suzana Đedović, Marina Vukša
Strong-smelling plant extracts, such as essential oils, have a variety of feeding effects on mammals. Considering current concerns over long-term health issues and environmental effects of chemicals, plant-based products with repellent or antifungal activities may represent good solutions for improvement of rodent pest control programs. The present study was therefore focused on examining the effects of bergamot, lavender, and thyme essential oils as additional bait components on daily intakes of cereal-based baits by wild house mice...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591067/bergamot-polyphenolic-fraction-supplementation-improves-cognitive-functioning-in-schizophrenia-data-from-an-8-week-open-label-pilot-study
#3
Antonio Bruno, Gianluca Pandolfo, Manuela Crucitti, Clemente Cedro, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello
BACKGROUND: Novel treatment strategies for cognitive dysfunctions may prevent long-term disability in patients with schizophrenia, and polyphenolic compounds might be a promising strategy. Bergamot (Citrus bergamia), a citrus fruit characterized by a high amount of flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides, may represent a potential nutraceutical approach to cognitive dysfunction. The present study was aimed to explore the efficacy of bergamot polyphenolic fraction (BPF) supplementation on cognitive/executive functioning in a sample of patients with schizophrenia receiving second-generation antipsychotics...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580545/polymer-nanoparticles-containing-essential-oils-new-options-for-mosquito-control
#4
Jorge Omar Werdin González, Emiliano Nicolás Jesser, Cristhian Alan Yeguerman, Adriana Alicia Ferrero, Beatriz Fernández Band
Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) are vectors of important parasites and pathogens causing death, poverty and social disability worldwide. The overuse of synthetic insecticides to control mosquito vectors lead to resistance, adverse environmental effects and high operational costs. Therefore, the development of eco-friendly control tools is an important public health challenge. In this study, two different essential oils (EO) (geranium, Geranium maculatum, and bergamot, Citrus bergamia) loaded polymeric nanoparticle (PN) were elaborated using polyethylene glycol (PEG) and chitosan (Qx) as the polymeric matrix/coating...
June 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509871/nutraceutical-value-of-citrus-flavanones-and-their-implications-in-cardiovascular-disease
#5
REVIEW
Lara Testai, Vincenzo Calderone
Background- Cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial infarction, dyslipidaemia and coronary artery pathology, are a major cause of illness and death in Western countries. Therefore, identifying effective therapeutic approaches and their cellular signalling pathways is a challenging goal for medicine. In this regard, several epidemiological studies demonstrate a relationship between the intake of flavonoid-rich foods and the reduction of cardiovascular risk factors and mortality. In particular, flavonoids present in citrus fruits, such as oranges, bergamots, lemons and grapefruit (95% from flavanones), are emerging for their considerable nutraceutical value...
May 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443024/low-dose-of-bergamot-derived-polyphenolic-fraction-bpf-did-not-improve-metabolic-parameters-in-second-generation-antipsychotics-treated-patients-results-from-a-60-days-open-label-study
#6
Antonio Bruno, Gianluca Pandolfo, Manuela Crucitti, Massimo Cacciola, Vincenza Santoro, Edoardo Spina, Rocco A Zoccali, Maria R A Muscatello
Objectives: The nutraceutical approach to the management of metabolic syndrome (MetS) might be a promising strategy in the prevention of cardio-metabolic risk. Low-dose bergamot-derived polyphenolic fraction (BPF) has been proven effective in patients with MetS, as demonstrated by a concomitant improvement in lipemic and glycemic profiles. The present study was aimed to further explore, in a sample of subjects receiving second generation antipsychotics (SGAs), the effects on body weight and metabolic parameters of a low dose of BPF (500 mg/day) administered for 60 days...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398260/bergamot-essential-oil-attenuates-anxiety-like-behaviour-in-rats
#7
Laura Rombolà, Laura Tridico, Damiana Scuteri, Tsukasa Sakurada, Shinobu Sakurada, Hirokazu Mizoguchi, Pinarosa Avato, Maria Tiziana Corasaniti, Giacinto Bagetta, Luigi Antonio Morrone
Preclinical studies have recently highlighted that bergamot essential oil (BEO) is endowed with remarkable neurobiolological effects. BEO can affect synaptic transmission, modulate electroencephalographic activity and it showed neuroprotective and analgesic properties. The phytocomplex, along with other essential oils, is also widely used in aromatherapy to minimize symptoms of stress-induced anxiety and mild mood disorders. However, only limited preclinical evidences are actually available. This study examined the anxiolytic/sedative-like effects of BEO using an open field task (OFT), an elevated plus-maze task (EPM), and a forced swimming task (FST) in rats...
April 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373762/traditional-chinese-herbal-extracts-inducing-autophagy-as-a-novel-approach-in-therapy-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#8
REVIEW
Cong Liu, Jia-Zhi Liao, Pei-Yuan Li
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the leading causes of chronic liver diseases around the world due to the modern sedentary and food-abundant lifestyle, which is characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the liver related with causes other than alcohol abuse. It is widely acknowledged that insulin resistance, dysfunctional lipid metabolism, endoplasmic reticulum stress, oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis/necrosis may all contribute to NAFLD. Autophagy is a protective self-digestion of intracellular organelles, including lipid droplets (lipophagy), in response to stress to maintain homeostasis...
March 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337799/bergamot-citrus-bergamia-essential-oil-inhalation-improves-positive-feelings-in-the-waiting-room-of-a-mental-health-treatment-center-a-pilot-study
#9
Xuesheng Han, Jacob Gibson, Dennis L Eggett, Tory L Parker
Mental health issues have been increasingly recognized as public health problems globally. Their burden is projected to increase over the next several decades. Additional therapies for mental problems are in urgent need worldwide due to the limitations and costs of existing healthcare approaches. Essential oil aromatherapy can provide a cost-effective and safe treatment for many mental problems. This pilot study observed the effects of bergamot essential oil inhalation on mental health and well-being, as measured by the Positive and Negative Affect Scale, in a mental-health treatment center located in Utah, USA...
May 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317482/nutraceuticals-as-an-important-part-of-combination-therapy-in-dyslipidaemia
#10
Angelo Maria Patti, Peter P Toth, Rosaria Vincenza Giglio, Maciej Banach, Marcello Noto, Dragana Nikolic, Giuseppe Montalto, Manfredi Rizzo
Several risk factors such as abnormality of lipid metabolism (e.g. high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), elevated triglycerides and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)) play a central role in the aetiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Nutraceutical combination together with a cholesterol-lowering action, when associated with suitable lifestyle, should furnish an alternative to pharmacotherapy in patients reporting statin-intolerance and in subjects at low cardiovascular risk...
March 17, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208159/two-previously-unknown-phytophthora-species-associated-with-brown-rot-of-pomelo-citrus-grandis-fruits-in-vietnam
#11
Ivana Puglisi, Alessandro De Patrizio, Leonardo Schena, Thomas Jung, Maria Evoli, Antonella Pane, Nguyen Van Hoa, Mai Van Tri, Sandra Wright, Mauritz Ramstedt, Christer Olsson, Roberto Faedda, Gaetano Magnano di San Lio, Santa Olga Cacciola
Two distinct Phytophthora taxa were found to be associated with brown rot of pomelo (Citrus grandis), a new disease of this ancestral Citrus species, in the Vinh Long province, Mekong River Delta area, southern Vietnam. On the basis of morphological characters and using the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region of the rDNA and the cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) as barcode genes, one of the two taxa was provisionally named as Phytophthora sp. prodigiosa, being closely related to but distinct from P. insolita, a species in Phytophthora Clade 9, while the other one, was closely related to but distinct from the Clade 2 species P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182421/encapsulation-of-polymethoxyflavones-in-citrus-oil-emulsion-based-delivery-systems
#12
Ying Yang, Chengying Zhao, Jingjing Chen, Guifang Tian, David Julian McClements, Hang Xiao, Jinkai Zheng
The purpose of this work was to elucidate the effects of citrus oil type on polymethoxyflavone (PMF) solubility and on the physicochemical properties of PMF-loaded emulsion-based delivery systems. Citrus oils were extracted from mandarin, orange, sweet orange, and bergamot. The major constituents were determined by GC/MS: sweet orange oil (97.4% d-limonene); mandarin oil (72.4% d-limonene); orange oil (67.2% d-limonene); and bergamot oil (34.6% linalyl acetate and 25.3% d-limonene). PMF-loaded emulsions were fabricated using 10% oil phase (containing 0...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117581/tyramine-pathways-in-citrus-plant-defense-glycoconjugates-of-tyramine-and-its-n-methylated-derivatives
#13
Luigi Servillo, Domenico Castaldo, Alfonso Giovane, Rosario Casale, Nunzia D'Onofrio, Domenico Cautela, Maria Luisa Balestrieri
Glucosylated forms of tyramine and some of its N-methylated derivatives are here reported for the first time to occur in Citrus genus plants. The compounds tyramine-O-β-d-glucoside, N-methyltyramine-O-β-d-glucoside, and N,N-dimethyltyramine-O-β-d-glucoside were detected in juice and leaves of sweet orange, bitter orange, bergamot, citron, lemon, mandarin, and pomelo. The compounds were identified by mass spectrometric analysis, enzymatic synthesis, and comparison with extracts of Stapelia hirsuta L., a plant belonging to the Apocynaceae family in which N,N-dimethyltyramine-O-β-d-glucoside was identified by others...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058251/evaluation-of-the-antibacterial-activity-of-bergamot-essential-oils-on-different-listeria-monocytogenes-strains
#14
Stefania M Marotta, Filippo Giarratana, Alessio Parco, Domenico Neri, Graziella Ziino, Alessandro Giuffrida, Antonio Panebianco
Essential oils are aromatic and volatile substances extracted from plants and characterized by antimicrobial activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity (agar disc-diffusion method) of seven different bergamot essential oils (BEOs) on eight Listeria monocytogenes strains. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of most efficient BEOs was estimated. Extremely variable results for agar disc-diffusion method for L. monocytogenes strains were reported. One of the tested microorganisms resulted insensible to all the BEOs; 3 strains showed an inhibition from weak to null and the remaining 4 a variable susceptibility...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975482/bergamot-orange-phytochemical-screening-and-antioxidant-activity-of-fruit-parts-and-hydrodistillation-waste-products-of-species-cultivated-in-western-greece-and-southern-italy
#15
N Tsafantakis, E Tsiokanos, C D Kanakis, L A Skaltsounis, N Fokialakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882320/mediterrasian-diet-products-that-could-raise-hdl-cholesterol-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Mariangela Rondanelli, Attilio Giacosa, Paolo Morazzoni, Davide Guido, Mario Grassi, Gabriella Morandi, Chiara Bologna, Antonella Riva, Pietro Allegrini, Simone Perna
Background. High HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) values are negatively correlated with cardiovascular diseases. This review analyses the effect of the supplementation with various Mediterranean diet products (artichoke, bergamot, and olive oil) and Asian diet products (red yeast rice) on the HDL-C value in dyslipidemic subjects. Methods. A systematic review has been done involving all the English written studies published from the 1st of January 1958 to the 31st of March 2016. Results. The results of this systematic review indicate that the dietary supplementation with red yeast rice, bergamot, artichoke, and virgin olive oil has promising effects on the increase of HDL-C serum levels...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877148/changes-in-mood-states-are-induced-by-smelling-familiar-and-exotic-fragrances
#17
Orly Sarid, Michele Zaccai
Familiar fragrances usually induce positive mood states and elicit favorable evaluation. Relaxation is also widely thought to improve mood state. Yet experimental evidence on the effect of two different stimuli, fragrance smelling and breathing relaxation, on mood state, and fragrance evaluation is lacking. This study aimed to test (1) the effect of two familiar fragrances, lavender and myrtle, and two exotic fragrances, bergamot and ravensara, on perceived mood states before and after relaxation, (2) the effect of relaxation on perceived mood states for each fragrance, and (3) the effect of relaxation on fragrance evaluation as defined by adjectives...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857849/in-vitro-effect-of-seven-essential-oils-on-the-reproduction-of-the-cattle-tick-rhipicephalus-microplus
#18
Rafael Pazinato, Andréia Volpato, Matheus D Baldissera, Roberto C V Santos, Dilmar Baretta, Rodrigo A Vaucher, Janice L Giongo, Aline A Boligon, Lenita Moura Stefani, Aleksandro Schafer Da Silva
The acaricidal effect of seven essential oils was examined in vitro against the cattle tick (Rhipicephalus microplus). Engorged female ticks were manually collected in farms of Southern Brazil and placed into petri dishes (n = 10) in order to test the following oils: juniper (Juniperus communis), palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii), cedar (Cedrus atlantica), lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus), ginger (Zingiber officinale), geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) and bergamot (Citrus aurantium var bergamia) at concentrations of 1%, 5%, and 10% each...
November 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846426/metabolic-outcomes-of-bergamot-polyphenolic-fraction-administration-in-patients-treated-with-second-generation-antipsychotics-a-pilot-study
#19
Antonio Bruno, Gianluca Pandolfo, Manuela Crucitti, Antonino Maisano, Rocco A Zoccali, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello
Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are notoriously associated with a marked increase in body weight and with a wide range of metabolic adverse effects, and their chronic use is related with an increased risk for the development of metabolic syndrome (MS). Different adjunctive treatments have been proposed to reduce SGAs-induced weight gain and/or metabolic abnormalities with inconsistent or too limited evidence to support their regular clinical use, thus suggesting the need to find new possible treatments...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845763/the-chemistry-and-pharmacology-of-citrus-limonoids
#20
REVIEW
Roberta Gualdani, Maria Maddalena Cavalluzzi, Giovanni Lentini, Solomon Habtemariam
Citrus limonoids (CLs) are a group of highly oxygenated terpenoid secondary metabolites found mostly in the seeds, fruits and peel tissues of citrus fruits such as lemons, limes, oranges, pumellos, grapefruits, bergamots, and mandarins. Represented by limonin, the aglycones and glycosides of CLs have shown to display numerous pharmacological activities including anticancer, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antidiabetic and insecticidal among others. In this review, the chemistry and pharmacology of CLs are systematically scrutinised through the use of medicinal chemistry tools and structure-activity relationship approach...
November 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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