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Medical doctor depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072832/objectively-assessed-exercise-behavior-in-chinese-patients-with-early-stage-cancer-a-predictor-of-perceived-benefits-communication-with-doctors-medical-coping-modes-depression-and-quality-of-life
#1
Zhunzhun Liu, Lanfeng Zhang, Songsong Shi, Wenkai Xia
This study sought to identify factors associated with objectively assessed exercise behavior in Chinese patients with early-stage cancer. Three hundred and fifty one cancer patients were recruited from the Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College and the Nantong Tumor Hospital. One-way ANOVA, Pearson Chi-square tests and regression analysis were employed to identify the correlations between physical exercise and the measured factors. The results showed that occupation type (χ2 = 14...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035127/medical-use-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-medication-and-risk-behaviour-among-croatian-adolescents
#2
Marina Kuzman, Marija Posavec
BACKGROUND: At the drug scene some major shifts were observed, more and more reports highlighted the abuse of prescription medication. Despite the importance of controlled medication in treatment child and adolescent disorders, this increase may be a factor which influence misuse and nonmedical use of prescribed drugs among adolescents. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Croatian data from ESPAD survey in 2003, 2007 and 2011 were used, and variables selected from the international ESPAD questionnaire...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007366/access-to-care-and-depression-among-emergency-department-patients
#3
Beau Abar, Steven Hong, Eric Aaserude, Ashley Holub, Vincent DeRienzo
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression among patients in the emergency department (ED) is significantly higher than in the general population, making the ED a potentially important forum for the identification of depression and intervention. Concomitant to the identification of depression is the issue of patient access to appropriate care. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to establish prevalence estimates of potential barriers to care among ED patients and relate these barriers with symptoms of depression...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968846/factors-associated-with-professionalism-in-chinese-medical-students-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study
#4
Angela P Fan, Russell O Kosik, Guo-Tong Xu, Qiaoling Cai, Selina Lien, Lei Huang, Xudong Zhao, Xiaojie Zhang, Yuhwa Wang, Qi Chen
BACKGROUND: Professionalism is a central part of medical practice, and medical organisations worldwide have mandated training on this topic for future medical doctors. In China, national guidelines were developed to make explicit expectations that were once implicit. Medical education reform over the past decade has emphasised topics such as medical humanities, life-long learning, and patient-centered learning in an effort to increase the professionalism of future physicians. Although the importance of teaching professionalism has been well recognised, few studies have evaluated its implementation at Chinese medical schools...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942029/predictors-of-participation-of-sophomore-medical-students-in-a-health-promoting-intervention-an-observational-study
#5
Thomas Kötter, Johanna Ritter, Alexander Katalinic, Edgar Voltmer
Medical students and doctors have to be particularly stress-resilient, as both medical education and practice are considered very stressful. Specific stressors can lead to increased risks of developing, for example, depression, anxiety and burnout. Relaxation techniques have proven to be effective for the prevention of these outcomes in student populations. However, only a very few medical students practice relaxation techniques regularly early on in their studies. Furthermore, it is unclear which students make use of stress-management offers and hence whether vulnerable students are generally reachable...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920534/perceptions-and-impact-of-bipolar-disorder-in-japan-results-of-an-internet-survey
#6
Koichiro Watanabe, Eiji Harada, Takeshi Inoue, Yuka Tanji, Toshiaki Kikuchi
Bipolar disorder is a recurrent and episodic illness. This survey study assessed experiences and identified clinical insights of individuals with bipolar disorder. An Internet-based monitor system database was screened for patients with bipolar disorder in Japan (February and March 2013). Of 1,050 patients, 457 completed surveys, and results were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Approximately one-fourth of respondents were diagnosed with bipolar disorder on their first visit to medical institutions, although the most common initial diagnosis was depression/depressive state (65%)...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871239/lesbian-womens-access-to-healthcare-experiences-with-and-expectations-towards-gps-in-german-primary-care
#7
Oliver Hirsch, Karina Löltgen, Annette Becker
BACKGROUND: Lesbian women have higher rates of physical and psychiatric disorders associated with experiences of discrimination, homophobia and difficulties with coming out. Therefore, easy access to specialized healthcare in an open atmosphere is needed. We aimed to describe women's access to and experiences with healthcare in Germany, and to assess the responsibility of the general practitioner (GP) compared to other specialities providing primary health care. METHODS: A questionnaire study was conducted via internet and paper-based sampling...
November 21, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815795/charles-william-lacaillade-biologist-parasitologist-educator-and-mentor
#8
Pascal James Imperato
Charles William Lacaillade (1904-1978) was an eminent biologist in the middle decades of the twentieth century. He was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts of parents whose ancestors were French Canadians. His father, also named Charles William Lacaillade, was a dentist who graduated from Tufts University School of Dentistry in 1898. His mother, Elodia Eno, came from a family of very successful businessmen. Lacaillade was the third of six children. His two older brothers, Harold Carleton and Hector Eno, both graduated from the University of Louisville, School of Dentistry, while his younger brother, Lawrence, became a businessman...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756274/the-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-pakistani-medical-practitioners-about-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-in-lahore-using-the-revised-depression-attitude-questionnaire-r-daq
#9
Mark Haddad, Ahmed Waqas, Wahhaj Qayyum, Maryam Shams, Saad Malik
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders such as depression are common and rank as major contributors to the global burden of disease. Condition recognition and subsequent management of depression is variable and influenced by the attitudes and beliefs of clinicians as well as those of patients. Most studies examining health professionals' attitudes have been conducted in Western nations; this study explores beliefs and attitudes about depression among doctors working in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 used a questionnaire concerning demographics, education in psychiatry, beliefs about depression causes, and attitudes about depression using the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749131/predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-165-patients-with-acromegaly-results-from-a-single-center-study
#10
Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Michael Buchfelder, Bernadette Kleist, Johannes Kohlmann, Christa Menzel, Rolf Buslei, Maria Kołtowska-Häggström, Christian Strasburger, Sonja Siegel
OBJECTIVE: Even if treated, acromegaly has a considerable impact on patient quality of life (QoL); despite this, the exact clinical determinants of QoL in acromegaly are unknown. This study retrospectively examines a cohort of treated patients with acromegaly, with the aim of identifying these determinants. METHODS: Retrospective survey analysis, with 165 patients included in the study. All patients completed a survey, which included demographic data and the clinical details of their disease, the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the revised Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and the Bern Embitterment Inventory (BEI)...
October 17, 2016: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713719/lay-explanatory-models-of-depression-and-preferred-coping-strategies-among-somali-refugees-in-norway-a-mixed-method-study
#11
Valeria Markova, Gro M Sandal
Objective: Refugees are at high risk of experiencing mental health problems due to trauma in their pasts and to acculturation stress as they settle in a new country. To develop efficient health services that meet the needs of refugees from different regions, an understanding is required of how they make sense of and prefer to cope with mental health problems. This study aims to investigate lay explanatory models of depression and preferred coping strategies among Somali refugees in Norway. Methods: The study used a mixed-method design with a vignette describing a moderately depressed person based on ICD-10 criteria...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695540/comprehension-and-compliance-with-the-discharge-advice-and-quality-of-life-at-home-among-the-postoperative-neurosurgery-patients-discharged-from-pgimer-chandigarh-india
#12
Vishal Kumar, Amarjeet Singh, Manoj K Tewari, Sukhpal Kaur
PROBLEM STATEMENT: Neurosurgical patients require special care not only in the hospital but also after their discharge from the hospital. Comprehension and compliance to the instructions given by the doctors/nurses at the time of discharge is important in home care of these patients. Many such patients suffer from various co-morbidities. Variable periods of convalescence affect health-related quality of life in these patients. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To determine the degree of compliance of neurosurgery patients and their family caregivers with the discharge advice given by the consultantsTo evaluate the quality of life of these patientsTo know the problems faced by these patients at home...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684291/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-operative-bleeding-risk-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Steven P Roose, Bret R Rutherford
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to review the data on the effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on bleeding during or after operative procedures and to offer guidelines for clinical management. DATA SOURCES: Search of PubMed and MEDLINE for all articles in English from 1990-2016 with key words depression, antidepressants, bleeding, platelets, and operation. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if they reported information on bleeding complications during operative or childbirth procedures in patients taking antidepressants...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638972/depression-and-doctor-patient-communication-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Mytra Haerizadeh, Nathalie Moise, Bernard P Chang, Donald Edmondson, Ian M Kronish
OBJECTIVE: Depression may adversely affect health outcomes by influencing doctor-patient communication. We aimed to determine the association between depressive symptoms and doctor-patient communication among patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with a suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHOD: We enrolled a consecutive sample of 500 patients evaluated for ACS symptoms from the ED of an urban medical center. Depressive symptoms (8-item Patient Health Questionnaire, PHQ-8) and doctor-patient communication in the ED (Interpersonal Processes of Care) were assessed during hospitalization...
September 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635258/prevalence-of-antenatal-depression-and-associated-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-abeokuta-north-local-government-area-nigeria
#15
Okechukwu Thompson, IkeOluwapo Ajayi
Objective. The prevalence of antenatal depression (AD) and associated risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Abeokuta North Local Government Area, Nigeria, was determined. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted, interviewing 314 pregnant women selected by multistage sampling technique from among those attending antenatal clinics. Information was collected using structured questionnaire and a screening tool, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), to assess probable depression...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595251/-preclinical-horizon-of-depression-in-adults
#16
María Valeria Jiménez-Báez, Horacio Márquez-González, Juan Leonardo Monsreal-Góngora, Gonzalo Góngora-González, Luis Sandoval-Jurado, Rubén Boquer-Hernández
OBJECTIVE: Identify factors related to preclinical depression in healthy adults, their risk factors and concordance with family doctor diagnostic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case-control study in adult from family medicine consulting room. Beck inventory for depression was applied. The correlation between depression and the diagnosis by the family physician was evaluated. Odds ratio (OR) was determined. RESULTS: Involved 138 patients randomly from four family medicine units (FMU) in the Northern Region of Quintana Roo, Mexico...
July 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532745/community-norms-and-human-rights-supervising-haitian-colleagues-on-interpersonal-psychotherapy-ipt-with-a-depressed-and-abused-pregnant-woman
#17
Helen Verdeli, Tatiana Therosme, Eddy Eustache, Olissaint St Hilaire, Benissois Joseph, Cemile Ceren Sönmez, Giuseppe Raviola
After the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Zanmi Lasante, a local health care organization, implemented a collaborative stepped-care model to address depression in community and primary care settings in rural Haiti. Specialized community health workers, the ajans santé, collaborate with local psychologists and primary care doctors to offer home-based evaluation, support, and follow-up. The services include brief interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) and/or medication to persons who met locally defined criteria for depression...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473569/depression-screening-and-education-options-to-reduce-barriers-to-treatment-deseo-protocol-for-an-educational-intervention-study
#18
Katherine Sanchez, Brittany H Eghaneyan, Madhukar H Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Barriers to depression treatment among Hispanic populations include persistent stigma, inadequate doctor patient communication (DPC) and resultant sub-optimal use of anti-depressant medications. Stigma is primarily perpetuated due to inadequate disease literacy and cultural factors. Common concerns about depression treatments among Hispanics include fears about the addictive and harmful properties of antidepressants, worries about taking too many pills, and the stigma attached to taking psychotropic medications...
July 29, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441851/multimorbidity-is-associated-with-anxiety-in-older-adults-in-the-health-and-retirement-study
#19
Christine E Gould, Ruth O'Hara, Mary K Goldstein, Sherry A Beaudreau
OBJECTIVES: The present study determined whether the number of medical conditions was associated with increased occurrence of anxiety and whether triads of medical conditions were associated with anxiety in a nationally representative sample of older Americans. We determined whether multimorbidity findings were unique to anxiety as compared with depressive symptoms. METHODS: A sample of 4219 participants (65 years or older) completed anxiety and depression measures in the Health and Retirement Study 2006 wave...
October 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417625/burnout-and-doctors-prevalence-prevention-and-intervention
#20
REVIEW
Shailesh Kumar
Doctors are exposed to high levels of stress in the course of their profession and are particularly susceptible to experiencing burnout. Burnout has far-reaching implications on doctors; patients and the healthcare system. Doctors experiencing burnout are reported to be at a higher risk of making poor decisions; display hostile attitude toward patients; make more medical errors; and have difficult relationships with co-workers. Burnout among doctors also increases risk of depression; anxiety; sleep disturbances; fatigue; alcohol and drug misuse; marital dysfunction; premature retirement and perhaps most seriously suicide...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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