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Vein aneurysms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334980/reoperation-for-a-giant-arch-anastomotic-pseudoaneurysm-eleven-years-after-total-arch-replacement-with-island-reconstruction
#1
Ryohei Matsuura, Yasushi Tsutsumi, Osamu Monta, Hisazumi Uenaka, Kenji Tanaka, Takaaki Samura, Hirokazu Ohashi
BACKGROUND: The long-term effects of some surgical treatment procedures of arch replacement for aortic dissection or aortic aneurysm are unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: The present study reports the case of a 68-year-old man admitted to our hospital for aortic arch anastomotic pseudoaneurysm with concomitant aortic root enlargement and coronary artery stenosis. Eleven years ago, at the age of 56 years, he underwent total arch replacement with island reconstruction for chronic aortic dissection...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322658/successful-resection-to-treat-idiopathic-azygos-vein-aneurysm
#2
Go Hatachi, Takuro Miyazaki, Tomohiro Obata, Yuka Kitamura, Keitaro Matsumoto, Tomoshi Tsuchiya, Naoya Yamasaki, Naoe Kinoshita, Takeshi Nagayasu
Azygos vein aneurysm is a rare disease. Surgical resection is usually performed when it ruptures. To avoid the thromboembolism, procedures that do not touch or push the aneurysm are recommended. Herein, we report a case of idiopathic azygos vein aneurysm. A 56-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital for right lateral chest pain. Chest enhanced multi-detector CT revealed an azygos vein aneurysm in the posterior mediastinal space. No thrombus in the aneurysm was detected before surgery. Video-assisted thoracic surgery was performed to treat the aneurysm...
January 11, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315612/prenatal-sonographic-diagnosis-of-a-vitelline-vein-aneurysm
#3
Zeki Sahinoglu, Burcu Cetinkaya
We report a case of vitelline vein aneurysm detected at 23 weeks of gestation. Few postnatal cases of vitelline vein aneurysm have been reported; however, due to their similar appearances most of them were considered initially as umbilical vein dilatations. The accurate prenatal diagnosis of vitelline vein aneurysm and early postnatal surgical treatment are crucial steps to prevent postnatal obliterative extension of thrombosis that might cause severe neonatal morbidity.
January 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311538/popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Francisco Cialdine Frota Carneiro Júnior, Eduardo Nazareno Dos Anjos Carrijo, Samuel Tomaz Araújo, Luis Carlos Uta Nakano, Jorge Eduardo de Amorim, Daniel Guimarães Cacione
BACKGROUND Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) results from an anomalous relationship between the popliteal artery and the myofascial structures of the popliteal fossa. The most common presenting symptoms include intermittent pain in the feet and calves on exercise, resulting in lameness. PAES can lead to popliteal artery thrombosis, stenosis, distal arterial thromboembolism, or arterial aneurysm. The treatment of PAES includes surgical exploration with fasciotomy, myotomy, or sectioning of fibrous band formation, to release the popliteal artery...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305362/axillary-artery-aneurysm-combined-with-brachial-plexus-palsy-due-to-takayasu-arteritis
#5
Denise Kim, Graham Roche-Nagle
We report the case of a young female patient who presented with a right axillary artery aneurysm with neurological symptoms due to Takayasuarteritis (TA). Decompression of the aneurysm and arterial repair with an interposition vein bypass resulted in a full recovery. The case emphasises that peripheral aneurysms can occur due to TA and that there may be neurological complications.
January 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301810/saphenous-vein-graft-aneurysm-and-fistula-with-compression-mimicking-mitral-stenosis
#6
Jeffrey B Ziffra, Phillip Tran, Melody Strattan, Brock Cookman
We present the case of a patient who presented with acute coronary syndrome and was found to have a mass compressing the left atrium. An angiogram revealed a large saphenous vein graft aneurysm with a fistula into a cardiac chamber, presumed to be the left ventricle. The patient also developed a functional mitral stenosis secondary to this mass causing left atrial compression. The patient passed away prior to receiving surgery. We describe a rare case of venous graft aneurysm with compression and fistula to a chamber other than the right atrium, that to our knowledge has yet to be reported...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291199/surgical-resection-of-rare-internal-jugular-vein-aneurysm-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#7
Khortnal Delvecchio, Fazaldin Moghul, Bipinchandra Patel, Susan Seman
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a congenital condition affecting neurons and connective tissue integrity including vasculature. On extremely rare occasions these patients present with venous aneurysms affecting the internal jugular vein. If they become large enough there presents a risk of rupture, thrombosis, embolization or compression of adjacent structures. In these circumstances, or when the patient becomes symptomatic, surgical exploration is warranted. We present a case of one of the largest aneurysms in the literature and one of only five associated with Neurofibromatosis type 1...
December 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290496/fucoidan-attenuates-angiotensin-ii-induced-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-through-the-inhibition-of-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-and-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation
#8
Shih-Hung Tsai, Jen-Chun Wang, Wen-I Liao, Yu-Juei Hsu, Chih-Yuan Lin, Min-Tser Liao, Po-Hsun Huang, Shing-Jong Lin
BACKGROUND: Rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is one of the leading causes of sudden death among the elderly. Most incidental AAAs are below the threshold for intervention at the time of detection; however, there is no evidence that commonly used cardiovascular drugs have clinical beneficial effects on AAA progression. Therefore, in addition to current cardiovascular risk-reducing treatments, an adjunctive medical therapy targeting the regulation of extracellular matrix metabolism is still required in the clinical setting...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275396/variant-of-lemierre-s-syndrome-with-internal-jugular-vein-aneurysm
#9
Siew Houy Chua, Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Yuan Hwen Liew
Internal jugular vein (IJV) aneurysm is a rare entity, and a thrombosed aneurysm poses diagnostic and management challenges. We came across a 53-year-old woman who presented with fever, vomiting and right neck swelling for a week. Laboratory investigations showed neutrophilic leucocytosis, raised acute phase reactant and blood culture yielded Klebsiella pneumoniae Ultrasound and contrast-enhanced CT neck revealed a large fusiform aneurysm of the right IJV with filling defect extending from the aneurysm into the right transverse sinus...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243981/assessment-of-intracranial-venous-blood-flow-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-new-approach-to-diagnose-vasospasm-with-transcranial-color-coded-duplex-sonography
#10
Florian Connolly, Stephan J Schreiber, Christoph Leithner, Georg Bohner, Peter Vajkoczy, José M Valdueza
OBJECTIVE Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) is a reliable tool that is used to assess vasospasm in the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A distinct increase in blood flow velocity (BFV) is the principal criterion for vasospasm. The MCA/internal carotid artery (ICA) index (Lindegaard Index) is also widely used to distinguish between vasospasm and cerebral hyperperfusion. However, extracranial ultrasonography assessment of the neck vessels might be difficult in an intensive care unit...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242494/incidental-anatomic-finding-of-celiacomesenteric-trunk-associated-with-nutcracker-phenomenon-or-compression-of-the-left-renal-vein
#11
Joshua Peterson, Anthony N Hage, Stephan Diljak, Benjamin D Long, Daniel P Marcusa, John M Stribley, David W Brzezinski, Jonathan Eliason
BACKGROUND Celiacomesenteric trunk (CMT) is a very rare anatomic finding in which the celiac artery and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) originate from the abdominal aorta through a common trunk. Clinical associations with CMT include arterial aneurysm, thrombosis, and celiac artery compression. However, an association between CMT and abdominal venous congestion caused by left renal vein compression, or 'nutcracker phenomenon,' has not been previously reported. CASE REPORT A 91-year-old woman, who died from a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), underwent a cadaveric examination at our medical school...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242066/external-polytetrafluoroethylene-reinforcement-of-varicose-autologous-vein-grafts-in-peripheral-bypass-surgery-produces-durable-bypass-function
#12
Achim Neufang, Christine Espinola-Klein, Savvas Savvidis, Walther Schmiedt, Alicia Poplawski, Christian Friedrich Vahl, Bernhard Dorweiler
OBJECTIVE: Use of autologous veins as peripheral bypass graft may become critical in the presence of significant varicose degeneration of the harvested vein. External support of such dilated veins with standard polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) prostheses was recommended as an option to use these veins for peripheral bypass. A single-center experience with this technique regarding long-term graft function, secondary reinterventions, and potential graft degeneration is presented. METHODS: Between January 1995 and January 2006, there were 54 patients with varicose veins who underwent 57 consecutive infrainguinal vein bypass operations with PTFE reinforcement in 57 limbs...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234735/the-case-of-the-neighbour-s-cat-causing-a-symptomatic-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-and-an-infected-endograft
#13
Ahmed Shalan, Nicky Wilson, Jon Poels, Anna Ikponmwosa, Stephen Cavanagh
Introduction: Aortic endograft infection is a rare but serious complication following endovascular aneurysm repair. An unusual presentation associated with an uncommon organism is reported. Case report: A 69 year old female was prescribed but failed to complete a full course of co-amoxiclav following a forearm cat bite. Nine days later she was admitted with pyrexia, left flank pain, and haematuria. Empiric treatment for a urinary tract infection was started. Pasteurella multocida was isolated from blood culture performed during this attendance...
2017: EJVES Short Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230344/cystic-adventitial-disease-of-popliteal-artery-with-venous-aneurysm-of-popliteal-vein-two-year-follow-up-after-surgery
#14
Koki Takizawa, Hiroshi Osawa, Atsuo Kojima, Samuel J K Abraham, Shigeru Hosaka
We report a rare case of cystic adventitial disease of popliteal artery with venous aneurysm of popliteal vein. A 46-year-old woman had sudden-onset intermittent claudication and coldness in her right leg. The right-sided ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) was 1.01, but peripheral arterial pulsation was decreased at knee venting position. Computed tomography revealed simple cystic lesion of the popliteal artery and stenosis of the arterial lumen in this lesion. The patient was treated by complete resection of the cystic adventitial layer of popliteal artery...
2017: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224047/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-cardiovascular-thrombi-in-children
#15
Pablo Caro-Dominguez, Shi-Joon Yoo, Mike Seed, Lars Grosse-Wortmann
Cardiovascular thrombosis is rare in children and usually occurs in the presence of predisposing conditions, such as indwelling vascular catheters, tumors, aneurysms, ventricular dysfunction, or after surgery. Clots can occur in the cardiac chambers, arteries or veins, or inside conduits. Detection of thrombi is feasible with a variety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, including unenhanced methods but also contrast-enhanced MR angiography. In this essay we illustrate the MRI appearance of cardiovascular thrombosis in children and suggest an imaging protocol based on our clinical experience...
December 9, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217521/laser-balloon-or-wide-area-circumferential-irrigated-radiofrequency-ablation-for-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-a-multicenter-prospective-randomized-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Boris Schmidt, Petr Neuzil, Armin Luik, Joaquin Osca Asensi, Jan Wilko Schrickel, Thomas Deneke, Stefano Bordignon, Jan Petru, Matthias Merkel, Lucie Sediva, Annemarie Klostermann, Laura Perrotta, Oscar Cano, K R Julian Chun
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein isolation is the cornerstone of ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). The role of balloon catheters in this patient population remains ill defined. We sought to compare efficacy and safety of the laser balloon (LB) with wide-area circumferential pulmonary vein isolation using irrigated radiofrequency current (RF) ablation and 3-dimensional mapping. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 6 European centers, patients with persistent AF were prospectively randomized...
December 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217438/bilateral-axillary-artery-aneurysms-in-a-six-year-old-child
#17
Jiarong Wang, Zhoupeng Wu, Jichun Zhao, Yukui Ma, Bin Huang, Ding Yuan
True axillary artery aneurysms in children are rare and mostly caused by blunt trauma. Idiopathic bilateral axillary aneurysms in children are even more infrequent and evidence for optimal management is scarce. Moreover, the maximum follow-up time of interventions reported in pediatric axillary artery aneurysms was less than one year and long-term outcomes remained unknown. In this report, we presented a 6-year-old child with bilateral axillary artery aneurysms treated by saphenous vein reconstruction with a 5-year follow-up...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214375/review-surgical-treatment-of-giant-coronary-aneurysms-in-pediatric-patients-with-kawasaki-disease
#18
Masami Ochi
In Kawasaki disease (KD), giant coronary aneurysms in the proximal segments of the coronary arteries have long been among the serious complications associated with acute myocardial infarction. To treat myocardial ischemia in children, Kitamura et al. first performed coronary artery bypass grafting in a pediatric patient using an autologous saphenous vein. In the early 1980s, they began to use the internal thoracic artery (ITA) as a bypass graft to the left anterior descending artery, which later was proven to improve long-term life expectancy with its favorable long-term patency, as well as growth potential...
December 6, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203040/-management-of-traumatic-and-iatrogenic-arterial-pseudoaneurysms-in-a-tropical-environment
#19
F Raherinantenaina, R A L Rakotorahalahy, M C G Andrianandraina, H N Rakoto Ratsimba, T M A Rajaonanahary
A false aneurysm or pseudoaneurysm (PA) is the formation of a pulsatile and encapsulated hematoma in communication with the lumen of a perforated artery. Its origin is different but most cases are associated with a traumatic event. Currently, the referenced treatment is endovascular surgery but it is not feasible for the majority of vascular surgeons working in a tropical environment. The aim of this study was to describe the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of arterial PA (APA) encountered in our institution and to evaluate the place of open surgical technique in their management...
December 2017: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201804/aneurysm-of-portosystemic-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
Sila Ulus, Gulhan Ertan Akan, Cengiz Erol
Aim: A case of asymptomatic aneurysm of spontaneous portosystemic venous fistula (SPVF) with the radiologic findings is described. Background: Although advances and more widespread use of ultrasound (US) and computed tomog -raphy angiography (CTA) have enabled more detection of SPVF in the liver, it is a rare entity. Case report: A 49-year-old male was referred to our hospital's nephrology outpatient clinic due to hypertension. Abdominal sonography examination detected a well-defined cystic lesion adjacent to the middle hepatic vein in the liver...
July 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
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