keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

race-based policies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834997/prevalence-of-maternal-morbidity-and-its-association-with-socioeconomic-factors-a-population-based-survey-of-a-city-in-northeastern-brazil
#1
Tatyana Souza Rosendo, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, George Dantas de Azevedo
Purpose To identify the prevalence of maternal morbidity and its socioeconomic, demographic and health care associated factors in a city in Northeastern Brazil. Methods A cross-sectional and population-based study was conducted, with a design based on multi-stage complex sampling. A validated questionnaire was applied to 848 women aged between 15 and 49 years identified in 8,227 households from 60 census tracts of Natal, the capital of the state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN), Brazil. The main outcome measure was maternal morbidity...
August 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826950/social-stress-and-substance-use-disparities-by-sexual-orientation-among-high-school-students
#2
Richard Lowry, Michelle M Johns, Leah E Robin, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minority youth often experience increased social stress due to prejudice, discrimination, harassment, and victimization. Increased stress may help explain the disproportionate use of substances like tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and other illicit drug use by sexual minority youth. This study examined the effect of social stress on substance use disparities by sexual orientation among U.S. high school students. METHODS: In 2016, data from the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, conducted among a nationally representative sample of 15,624 U...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818241/prevalence-of-modifiable-cancer-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-aged-18-44-years
#3
Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Sohyun Park, Linda J Neff, Susan A Carlson, David R Brown, Dafna Kanny
INTRODUCTION: Carcinogen exposure and unhealthy habits acquired in young adulthood can set the stage for the development of cancer at older ages. This study measured the current prevalence of several cancer risk factors among young adults to assess opportunities to intervene to change the prevalence of these risk factors and potentially reduce cancer incidence. METHODS: Using 2015 National Health Interview Survey data (analyzed in 2016), the prevalence of potential cancer risk factors was estimated among U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792987/-infant-mortality-according-to-color-or-race-based-on-the-2010-population-census-and-national-health-information-systems-in-brazil
#4
Aline Diniz Rodrigues Caldas, Ricardo Ventura Santos, Gabriel Mendes Borges, Joaquim Gonçalves Valente, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela, Gerson Luiz Marinho
The aim of this study was to investigate infant mortality data according to color or race in Brazil with a focus on indigenous individuals, based on data from the 2010 Population Census and the Brazilian Mortality Information System (SIM) and Brazilian Information System on Live Births (SINASC). In both sources, the infant mortality rate (IMR) for indigenous individuals was the highest of all the various population segments. Although the census data indicate inequalities by color or race, the infant mortality rates for indigenous and black individuals were lower than those based on data from SIM/SINASC...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732518/impact-of-the-change-of-copay-policy-in-medicare-part-d-on-zoster-vaccine-uptake-among-medicare-beneficiaries-in-a-managed-care-organization
#5
Rulin C Hechter, Lei Qian, Songkai Yan, Yi Luo, Girishanthy Krishnarajah, Hung-Fu Tseng
BACKGROUND: Kaiser Permanente Southern California (KPSC) adopted the Medicare Part D Tier-6 with zero patient copay for zoster vaccination in 2012. We assessed the impact of the implementation on zoster vaccination rate (GSK study identifier: HO-13-14,182). METHODS: Zoster vaccination rate was examined among an open cohort of ≥65-year-old Medicare Part D beneficiaries during 01/01/2008-06/30/2014, compared to ≥65-year-old commercial health plan members and 60-64-year-old members...
July 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716650/the-use-of-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-in-purchased-versus-direct-care-settings-data-from-the-tricare-military-database
#6
Alexander P Cole, Wei Jiang, Stuart R Lipsitz, Peter A Learn, Maxine Sun, Toni K Choueiri, Paul L Nguyen, Adam S Kibel, Mani Menon, Jesse D Sammon, Tracey Koehlmoos, Adil Haider, Quoc-Dien Trinh
PURPOSE: Fee for service (FFS) reimbursement incentives may affect care. We sought to compare odds of PSA screening among former and active duty United States (US) military service members based on receipt of primary care from integrated military health facilities versus community providers reimbursed via FFS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of all active duty and retired male service members (40-64) covered by the TRICARE military health benefit in 2010...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704590/the-influence-of-democratic-racism-in-nursing-inquiry
#7
Carla T Hilario, Annette J Browne, Alysha McFadden
Neoliberal ideology and exclusionary policies based on racialized identities characterize the current contexts in North America and Western Europe. Nursing knowledge cannot be abstracted from social, political and historical contexts; the task of examining the influence of race and racial ideologies on disciplinary knowledge and inquiry therefore remains an important task. Contemporary analyses of the role and responsibility of the discipline in addressing race-based health and social inequities as a focus of nursing inquiry remain underdeveloped...
July 13, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683054/invasive-cancer-incidence-2004-2013-and-deaths-2006-2015-in-nonmetropolitan-and-metropolitan-counties-united-states
#8
S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Cheryll C Thomas, Greta M Massetti, Brandy Peaker, Lisa C Richardson
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Previous reports have shown that persons living in nonmetropolitan (rural or urban) areas in the United States have higher death rates from all cancers combined than persons living in metropolitan areas. Disparities might vary by cancer type and between occurrence and death from the disease. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of cancer incidence and deaths by cancer type in nonmetropolitan and metropolitan counties. REPORTING PERIOD: 2004-2015...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667834/black-white-metropolitan-segregation-and-self-rated-health-investigating-the-role-of-neighborhood-poverty
#9
D Phuong Do, Reanne Frank, John Iceland
While black-white segregation has been consistently linked to detrimental health outcomes for blacks, whether segregation is necessarily a zero-sum arrangement in which some groups accrue health advantages at the expense of other groups and whether metropolitan segregation impacts the health of racial groups uniformly within the metropolitan area, remains unclear. Using nationally representative data from the 2008-2013 National Health Interview Survey linked to Census data, we investigate whether the association between metropolitan segregation and health is invariant within the metropolitan area or whether it is modified by neighborhood poverty for black and white Americans...
June 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657880/home-modifications-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-closer-look-at-race-and-ethnicity
#10
Louanne Bakk, Tamara Cadet, Laura Lien, Angela Smalley
This study investigated racial and ethnic differences in home modification use. Data from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study were used (n=6,764). Compared with non-Hispanic Whites, Hispanics were less likely to have a grab bar (odds ratio (OR) = 0.6), bath seat (OR = 0.8), or raised toilet (OR = 0.6). Non-Hispanic Blacks were less likely to have a grab bar (OR = 0.7) or bath seat (OR = 0.7) than non-Hispanic Whites, but more likely to have a raised toilet (OR = 1.3). English proficiency largely explained ethnic differences, while health status partially accounted for racial disparities...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644848/exploring-the-differences-between-pet-and-non-pet-owners-implications-for-human-animal-interaction-research-and-policy
#11
Jessica Saunders, Layla Parast, Susan H Babey, Jeremy V Miles
There is conflicting evidence about whether living with pets results in better mental and physical health outcomes, with the majority of the empirical research evidence being inconclusive due to methodological limitations. We briefly review the research evidence, including the hypothesized mechanisms through which pet ownership may influence health outcomes. This study examines how pet and non-pet owners differ across a variety of socio-demographic and health measures, which has implications for the proper interpretation of a large number of correlational studies that attempt to draw causal attributions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595471/improved-survival-in-multiple-myeloma-with-a-diminishing-racial-gap-and-a-widening-socioeconomic-status-gap-over-three-decades
#12
Tiantian Sun, Shuncong Wang, Huanhuan Sun, Jianguo Wen, Gang An, Juan Li
Multiple myeloma (MM) is estimated to have 30,280 new cases and be associated with 12,590 deaths in 2017. However, quantitative analysis for survival, based on a large population, is lacking. Data were extracted from a total of 33,170 cases from nine registry sites in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. The current study shows that the incidence for MM remained relatively stable between 1981 and 2010, with 4.6, 4.7, and 4.7 per 100,000 persons in each decade. In addition, survival for MM improved each decade with a larger increment in the last two decades, with a narrowing survival gap among races and a widening gap among socioeconomic status (SES) groups...
June 9, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579331/temporary-removal-intersectionality-an-understudied-framework-for-addressing-weight-stigma
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571914/individual-and-neighborhood-level-contextual-factors-are-associated-with-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-transmission-genotypic-clustering-of-cases-in-michigan-2004-2012
#14
Grace A Noppert, Zhenhua Yang, Philippa Clarke, Wen Ye, Peter Davidson, Mark L Wilson
PURPOSE: Using genotyping data of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from new cases reported to the tuberculosis (TB) surveillance program, we evaluated risk factors for recent TB transmission at both the individual- and neighborhood- levels among U.S.-born and foreign-born populations. METHODS: TB cases (N = 1236) reported in Michigan during 2004 to 2012 were analyzed using multivariable Poisson regression models to examine risk factors for recent transmission cross-sectionally for U...
June 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538912/equity-promotion-policies-in-health-for-vulnerable-groups-the-role-of-the-ministry-of-health
#15
Sandra Aparecida Venâncio de Siqueira, Eliane Hollanda, José Inácio Jardim Motta
This article aims to analyze Equity Promotion Policies in Health implemented by the Ministry of Health for vulnerable groups, through the Department of Strategy and Participative Management based on race, ethnicity, gender and lifestyle markers. The three structural elements of these policies are identified as: participatory management, transversality and awareness / professional qualifications. In carrying out research for this article, different documental sources were used including: policies, videos, conferences and minutes from council meetings as well as information from health committees...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468321/dietary-bcaa-intake-is-associated-with-demographic-socioeconomic-and-lifestyle-factors-in-residents-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#16
Ana Carolina Pallottini, Cristiane Hermes Sales, Diva Aliete Dos Santos Vieira, Dirce Maria Marchioni, Regina Mara Fisberg
BACKGROUND: Identifying which risk groups have a higher intake of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) is important for the planning of public policies. This study was undertaken to investigate BCAA consumption, the foods contributing to that consumption and their association with demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors. METHODS: Data from the Health Survey of São Paulo, a cross-sectional population-based survey (n = 1662; age range 12-97 years), were used...
May 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423928/engaging-parents-to-promote-children-s-nutrition-and-health
#17
Dipti A Dev, Courtney Byrd-Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent McBride, Deepa Srivastava, Ashleigh Murriel, Chrisa Arcan, Anna M Adachi-Mejia
PURPOSE: Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics benchmarks as a framework, this study examined childcare providers' (Head Start [HS], Child and Adult Care Food Program [CACFP] funded, and non-CACFP) perspectives regarding communicating with parents about nutrition to promote children's health. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: State-licensed center-based childcare programs. PARTICIPANTS: Full-time childcare providers (n = 18) caring for children 2 to 5 years old from varying childcare contexts (HS, CACFP funded, and non-CACFP), race, education, and years of experience...
March 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412327/place-over-traits-purchasing-edibles-from-medical-marijuana-dispensaries-in-los-angeles-ca
#18
Nancy Jo Kepple, Bridget Freisthler
OBJECTIVES: To examine discrete purchasing behaviors of marijuana-infused edibles from medical marijuana dispensaries with the aim to identify potential venue- and individual-level targets for prevention. METHODS: Two-stage, venue-based sampling approach was used to randomly select patrons exiting 16 medical marijuana dispensaries in Los Angeles, California during Spring 2013. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling was used to examine the likelihood of purchasing edibles among 524 patrons reporting a discrete purchase regressed on characteristics of the sampled dispensaries and their patrons...
October 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406041/the-nexus-between-health-and-time-use-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-women
#19
Cathleen D Zick, Iris Buder, Norman J Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Kathleen Digre
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial health disparities have been well-documented in the scholarly literature. In recent years, evidence about time spent in physical (in)activity and its relationship to physical and mental health has also emerged. This study assesses if observed ethnic/racial health differences were associated with differences in time use. DESIGN: Our analyses utilized baseline data from 510 Utah women who enrolled in one of two community-based, participatory research intervention studies between 2012 and 2015...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391091/street-racing-among-the-ontario-adult-population-prevalence-and-association-with-collision-risk
#20
Christine M Wickens, Reginald G Smart, Evelyn Vingilis, Anca R Ialomiteanu, Gina Stoduto, Robert E Mann
BACKGROUND: Street racing has been identified as a significant public health concern, yet, little is known about the prevalence of this behaviour and its impact on collision risk. The current study was designed to address this dearth of knowledge by estimating the prevalence of street racing among the Ontario, Canada adult population, and examining its association to collision risk, controlling for demographics and other risk factors. METHODS: Data were based on telephone interviews with 11,263 respondents derived from the 2009-2014 cycles of the CAMH Monitor, an ongoing cross-sectional survey of adults aged 18+ years...
June 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
keyword
keyword
85251
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"