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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332906/undergraduate-rigor-scores-do-they-predict-achievement-in-veterinary-school
#1
Rebecca G Burzette, Jared A Danielson, Tsui-Feng Wu, Amanda J Fales-Williams, Kathryn H Kuehl
The relations between potential indicators of undergraduate rigor and subsequent achievement in professional school are not clear; some studies have shown that greater undergraduate selectivity is associated with greater achievement in medical science programs, while others have not. We sought to determine the extent to which indicators of undergraduate rigor were associated with achievement in veterinary school. Participants were graduates from three cohorts. The predictors were undergraduate GPA (UGPA), plus five rigor scores-degree or number of undergraduate credits, number of honors courses, number of withdrawals from or repeats of prerequisite science courses, number of part-time semesters, and ratio of community college credits to total college credits...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296651/the-predictive-validity-of-a-text-based-situational-judgment-test-in-undergraduate-medical-and-dental-school-admissions
#2
Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Helena Edwards, Anna Rosselli, Sandra Nicholson, Barry Wright
PROBLEM: Situational judgment tests (SJTs) can be used to assess the nonacademic attributes necessary for medical and dental trainees to become successful practitioners. Evidence for SJTs' predictive validity, however, relates predominantly to selection in postgraduate settings or using video-based SJTs at the undergraduate level; it may not be directly transferable to text-based SJTs in undergraduate medical and dental school selection. This preliminary study aimed to address these gaps by assessing the validity of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) text-based SJT...
March 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293672/student-characteristics-professional-preferences-and-admission-to-medical-school
#3
Iris Kesternich, Heiner Schumacher, Joachim Winter, Martin R Fischer, Matthias Holzer
Objectives: A potential new avenue to address the shortage of country doctors is to change the rules for admission to medical school. We therefore study the link between high-school grade point average and prospective physicians' choice to work in rural areas. To further inform the discussion about rules for admission, we also study the effects of other predictors: a measure of students' attitudes towards risk; whether they waited for their place of study (Wartesemester); whether their parents worked as medical doctors; and whether they have some practical experience in the medical sector...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285275/assessment-of-junior-doctors-admission-notes-do-they-follow-what-they-learn
#4
Rashid A Barnawi, Abdulaziz M Ghurab, Hassan K Balubaid, Sultan S Alfaer, Kamal A Hanbazazah, Mohammed F Bukhari, Omayma A Hamed, Talal M Bakhsh
Objectives: To assess the completeness of history-taking and physical-examination notes of junior doctors at King Abdulaziz University Hospital per the approach they learned in medical school. Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed 860 admission notes written by 269 junior doctors (interns and residents) in an academic tertiary-care medical centre in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, over a two-month period. Notes were evaluated for completeness using a checklist developed with reference to relevant medical textbooks...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271934/components-of-an-evidence-based-analytic-rubric-for-use-in-medical-school-admissions
#5
Graham P Shaw, Jonathan Coffman
Attrition from medical school remains a serious cause of concern for the medical education community. Thus, there is a need to improve our ability to select only those candidates who will succeed at medical school from many highly qualified and motivated applicants. This can be achieved, in part, by reducing the reliance on cognitive factors and increasing the use of noncognitive character traits in high-stakes admissions decisions. Herein we describe an analytic rubric that combines research-derived predictors of medical school success to generate a composite score for use in admissions decisions...
January 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264549/the-utility-of-multiple-mini-interviews-experience-of-a-medical-school
#6
Kyong-Jee Kim, Kyung-Soo Nam, Bum Sun Kwon
PURPOSE: This paper aims to introduce the design of multiple mini-interviews (MMIs) as a tool to assess medical school applicants' attributes in alignment with the school's educational goals and to evaluate its utility. METHODS: In this MMI, candidates rotated through six stations (10 minutes per station), in which specific interview topics were drawn by mapping the school's educational goals with the core competencies for entering medical students. We conducted post-MMI surveys of all of the interviewers and candidates to investigate their experiences of MMIs...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241867/securing-an-otl-hns-residency-how-competitive-is-it-comparing-medical-student-perceptions-to-actual-canadian-statistics
#7
E Kay-Rivest, N Varma, G M Scott, J J Manoukian, M Desrosiers, J P Vaccani, L H P Nguyen
BACKGROUND: The residency match is an important event in an aspiring physician's career. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (OTL-HNS) is a surgical specialty that has enjoyed high numbers of applicants to its residency programs. However, recent trends in Canada show a decline in first-choice applicants to several surgical fields. Factors thought to influence a medical student's choice include role models, career opportunities and work-life balance. The notion of perceived competitiveness is a factor that has not yet been explored...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188452/participation-and-selection-effects-of-a-voluntary-selection-process
#8
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Susanna M Lucieer, Anouk Wouters, Gerda Croiset, Axel P N Themmen, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
Many different medical school selection processes are used worldwide. In this paper, we examine the effect of (1) participation, and (2) selection in a voluntary selection process on study performance. We included data from two cohorts of medical students admitted to Erasmus MC, Rotterdam and VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands and compared them to previously published data from Groningen medical school, The Netherlands. All included students were admitted based on either (1) a top pre-university grade point average, or (2) a voluntary selection process, or (3) weighted lottery...
February 10, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184060/do-high-tuition-fees-make-a-difference-characteristics-of-applicants-to-uk-medical-and-dental-schools-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-high-tuition-fees-in-2012
#9
J E Gallagher, A Calvert, V Niven, L Cabot
Aim To compare trends in the volume, socio-demography and academic experience of UK applicants and entrants to medicine and dentistry in the UK with university in general, before and after the major increase in university fees in England in 2012.Methods Descriptive trend analyses of University and College Admissions Services (UCAS) data for focused (preferred subject was medicine or dentistry) and accepted applicants, 2010-14, compared with university in general in relation to socio-demography (age, sex, ethnicity, POLAR 2, region) and academic experience (school type)...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178916/development-of-an-interdisciplinary-pre-matriculation-program-designed-to-promote-medical-students-self-efficacy
#10
Anna Wirta Kosobuski, Abigail Whitney, Andrew Skildum, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A four-week interdisciplinary pre-matriculation program for Native American and rural medical students was created and its impact on students' transition to medical school was assessed. The program extends the goals of many pre-matriculation programs by aiming to increase not only students' understanding of basic science knowledge, but also to build student self-efficacy through practice with medical school curricular elements while developing their academic support networks...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166580/outcomes-of-embedded-care-management-in-a-family-medicine-residency-patient-centered-medical-home
#11
Robert J Newman, Richard Bikowski, Kristy Nakayama, Tina Cunningham, Pam Acker, Dana Bradshaw
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Much attention is devoted nationally to preventing hospital readmissions and emergency department (ED) use, given the high cost of this care. There is a growing body of evidence from the Patient Centered Primary Care Collaborative that a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model successfully lowers these costs. Our study evaluates a specific intervention in a family medicine residency PCMH to decrease readmissions and ED utilization using an embedded care manager...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161143/substance-use-treatment-and-demographic-characteristics-of-pregnant-women-entering-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder-differ-by-united-states-census-region
#12
Dennis J Hand, Vanessa L Short, Diane J Abatemarco
Opioid use disorder (OUD) among pregnant women increased substantially between 1992 and 2012 across the United States, with the greatest increases occurring in the southern states. We analyzed the 2013 Treatment Episodes Database-Admissions to determine how substances used, characteristics of treatment, and demographics of pregnant women entering treatment for opioid use disorder vary between geographical regions. Analyses were restricted to cases where women reported being pregnant at the time of admission and reported opioids as the primary substance problem leading to the treatment admission...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153977/quality-of-care-delivered-by-general-internists-in-us-hospitals-who-graduated-from-foreign-versus-us-medical-schools-observational-study
#13
Yusuke Tsugawa, Anupam B Jena, E John Orav, Ashish K Jha
OBJECTIVE:  To determine whether patient outcomes differ between general internists who graduated from a medical school outside the United States and those who graduated from a US medical school. DESIGN:  Observational study. SETTING:  Medicare, USA. PARTICIPANTS:  20% national sample of data for Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 65 years or older admitted to hospital with a medical condition in 2011-14 and treated by international or US medical graduates who were general internists...
February 2, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098483/academic-performance-on-first-year-medical-school-exams-how-well-does-it-predict-later-performance-on-knowledge-based-and-clinical-assessments
#14
Edward Krupat, Stephen R Pelletier, Jules L Dienstag
Number of appearances in the bottom quartile of 1st-year medical school exams were used to represent the extent to which students were having academic difficulties. Medical educators have long expressed a desire to have indicators of medical student performance that have strong predictive validity. Predictors traditionally used fell into 4 general categories: demographic (e.g., gender), other background factors (e.g., college major), performance/aptitude (e.g., medical college admission test scores), and noncognitive factors (e...
January 18, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076356/the-limitations-of-the-gre-in-predicting-success-in-biomedical-graduate-school
#15
Liane Moneta-Koehler, Abigail M Brown, Kimberly A Petrie, Brent J Evans, Roger Chalkley
Historically, admissions committees for biomedical Ph.D. programs have heavily weighed GRE scores when considering applications for admission. The predictive validity of GRE scores on graduate student success is unclear, and there have been no recent investigations specifically on the relationship between general GRE scores and graduate student success in biomedical research. Data from Vanderbilt University Medical School's biomedical umbrella program were used to test to what extent GRE scores can predict outcomes in graduate school training when controlling for other admissions information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062925/impact-of-vocational-interests-previous-academic-experience-gender-and-age-on-situational-judgement-test-performance
#16
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree programme in Medicine at University of Groningen, the Netherlands. All applicants for the academic year 2015-2016 were included and had to choose between learning communities Global Health (n = 126), Sustainable Care (n = 149), Intramural Care (n = 225), or Molecular Medicine (n = 116)...
January 6, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054158/a-multi-site-study-on-medical-school-selection-performance-motivation-and-engagement
#17
A Wouters, G Croiset, N R Schripsema, J Cohen-Schotanus, G W G Spaai, R L Hulsman, R A Kusurkar
Medical schools seek ways to improve their admissions strategies, since the available methods prove to be suboptimal for selecting the best and most motivated students. In this multi-site cross-sectional questionnaire study, we examined the value of (different) selection procedures compared to a weighted lottery procedure, which includes direct admission based on top pre-university grade point averages (≥8 out of 10; top-pu-GPA). We also considered whether students had participated in selection, prior to being admitted through weighted lottery...
January 4, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053659/a-web-based-information-system-for-a-regional-public-mental-healthcare-service-network-in-brazil
#18
Vinicius Tohoru Yoshiura, João Mazzoncini de Azevedo-Marques, Magdalena Rzewuska, André Luiz Teixeira Vinci, Ariane Morassi Sasso, Newton Shydeo Brandão Miyoshi, Antonia Regina Ferreira Furegato, Rui Pedro Charters Lopes Rijo, Cristina Marta Del-Ben, Domingos Alves
BACKGROUND: Regional networking between services that provide mental health care in Brazil's decentralized public health system is challenging, partly due to the simultaneous existence of services managed by municipal and state authorities and a lack of efficient and transparent mechanisms for continuous and updated communication between them. Since 2011, the Ribeirao Preto Medical School and the XIII Regional Health Department of the Sao Paulo state, Brazil, have been developing and implementing a web-based information system to facilitate an integrated care throughout a public regional mental health care network...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050255/the-role-of-general-practitioners-in-medical-school-admission-interview-panels-in-the-uk-2012-2014-a-national-survey
#19
Mohammed Ahmed Rashid, John Benson
OBJECTIVE: Recent primary care workforce pressures in the UK have prompted national reviews. Recommendations to increase the proportion of medical students entering general practice have led to interest in the role of medical schools in career choices. This study sought to identify the career backgrounds of admissions leads at UK medical schools and the proportion of general practitioners on admission interview panels. DESIGN: A national survey using a proforma circulated to all UK medical school admission leads via the Medical Schools Council...
July 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031600/medical-curriculum-and-pharmacology-an-appraisal
#20
P S R K Haranath
Pharmacology was introduced with Western Medical Education in India in 1900s. RN Chopra was the first Professor of Pharmacology along with patient care in School of Tropical Medicine Calcutta. Now Pharmacologists do not have clinical care nor give laboratory services to hospitals. Medical Education advanced in the West in 1960s with more emphasis on Integrated Teaching and Student Self-study and less on didactic lectures. System Based Learning and Problem Based Learning reduced importance of individual subjects...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
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