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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340892/a-summer-prematriculation-program-to-help-students-succeed-in-medical-school
#1
Stephen D Schneid, April Apperson, Nora Laiken, Jess Mandel, Carolyn J Kelly, Katharina Brandl
Medical schools with a diverse student body face the challenge of ensuring that all students succeed academically. Many medical schools have implemented prematriculation programs to prepare students from diverse backgrounds; however, evidence on their impact is largely lacking. In this study, we analyzed participants' demographics as well as the impact of the prematriculation program on Year 1 performance. Predictive validity of the program was assessed and compared to other traditional predictors, including grade point average (GPA) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores and subscores...
January 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288323/impact-of-holistic-review-on-student-interview-pool-diversity
#2
Christina J Grabowski
Diversity in the physician workforce lags behind the rapidly changing US population. Since the gateway to becoming a physician is medical school, diversity must be addressed in the admissions process. The Association of American Medical Colleges has implemented a Holistic Review Initiative aimed at assisting medical schools with broadening admission criteria to include relevant, mission-driven attributes and experiences in addition to academic preparation to identify applicants poised to meet the needs of a diverse patient population...
December 29, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284529/use-of-the-hippocratic-or-other-professional-oaths-in-uk-medical-schools-in-2017-practice-perception-of-benefit-and-principlism
#3
Ben Green
OBJECTIVE: This paper concerns the continued use of the Hippocratic Oath in United Kingdom (UK) medical schools. A survey of all UK medical schools looked at which schools use the Oath, which variants they use, and what they perceive to be the benefits of using the Oath. 27 schools participated in the study. RESULTS: Although some authors have deemed the Oath as out of date for the purposes of modern medicine [1], new variants of the Oath have been embraced and 19/27 (70%) of schools use an Oath, with some Universities asking student doctors to acknowledge this Oath on entry to and graduation from medical school...
December 29, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282069/health-system-s-response-for-physician-workforce-shortages-and-the-upcoming-crisis-in-ethiopia-a-grounded-theory-research
#4
Tsion Assefa, Damen Haile Mariam, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Miliard Derbew
BACKGROUND: A rapid transition from severe physician workforce shortage to massive production to ensure the physician workforce demand puts the Ethiopian health care system in a variety of challenges. Therefore, this study discovered how the health system response for physician workforce shortage using the so-called flooding strategy was viewed by different stakeholders. METHODS: The study adopted the grounded theory research approach to explore the causes, contexts, and consequences (at the present, in the short and long term) of massive medical student admission to the medical schools on patient care, medical education workforce, and medical students...
December 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282058/risk-factors-associated-with-academic-difficulty-in-an-australian-regionally-located-medical-school
#5
Bunmi S Malau-Aduli, Teresa O'Connor, Robin A Ray, Yolanda Kerlen, Michelle Bellingan, Peta-Ann Teague
BACKGROUND: Despite the highly selective admission processes utilised by medical schools, a significant cohort of medical students still face academic difficulties and are at a higher risk of delayed graduation or outright dismissal. METHODS: This study used survival analysis to identify the non-academic and academic risk factors (and their relative risks) associated with academic difficulty at a regionally located medical school. Retrospective non-academic and academic entry data for all medical students who were enrolled at the time of the study (2009-2014) were collated and analysed...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261541/the-medical-school-admissions-process-and-meeting-the-public-s-health-care-needs-never-the-twain-shall-meet
#6
Jennifer Cleland
Medical schools typically assess how good their selection process is using metrics such as students' assessment performance and the academic success of alumni on later indicators of academic ability and clinical competence, such as Royal College of Physicians or specialty board examinations. To address global issues with the maldistribution of doctors and increasing numbers of new medical school graduates choosing not to work in a clinical context requires different measurements of medical school admissions processes, like those related to graduates' career outcomes (e...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261538/the-current-use-of-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-1-scores-holistic-admissions-and-student-well-being-are-in-the-balance
#7
Kevin F Moynahan
United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 scores increasingly are being used by graduate medical education programs to "screen out" applicants to invite for an interview; medical students with scores below a certain (usually unpublished) point are not considered for an interview. Conversely, many students are extended an interview invitation based solely on their Step 1 scores, prior to the release of their Medical Student Performance Evaluation. In this Invited Commentary, the author discusses why this practice has gained popularity as well as the unintended effects it has had in multiple domains--holistic undergraduate medical education admissions practices, student well-being, and medical school curricula...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248798/fear-an-unpleasant-experience-among-undergraduate-midwifery-students-a-qualitative-study
#8
Golnoosh Ahmadi, Mohsen Shahriari, Shahnaz Kohan, Mahmood Keyvanara
Fear is a normal emotion that can evoke an appropriate response when facing threat. However, sometimes the consequences of fear can lead to responses that are maladaptive. Fear can have negative effects on learning. Research has focused on the experience of fear and its consequences among midwifery students during their undergraduate program. A qualitative analysis was conducted of interviews with ten midwifery students in different years of an undergraduate program. The data was analyzed through a content analysis approach...
December 11, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226233/medical-students-preparation-for-the-transition-to-postgraduate-training-through-final-year-elective-rotations
#9
W E Sjoukje van den Broek, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer, Olle Ten Cate, Marijke van Dijk
Objectives: This study adds to the ongoing discussion on how to ease the transition from undergraduate medical training to postgraduate training. In the Netherlands there is no central matching system for admission to residency. Medical school graduates just apply for a position in an open job market. Many choose to acquire general or specialty-specific clinical experiences after the medical degree before residency, to further explore career opportunities and to increase their chances to get into their preferred specialty...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214222/reasons-to-pursue-a-career-in-medicine-a-qualitative-study-in-sierra-leone
#10
Aniek Woodward, Suzanne Thomas, Mohamed Bella Jalloh, John Rees, Andrew Leather
Background: Many low-income and crises-affected countries like Sierra Leone struggle with the recruitment and retention of their health professionals, particularly nurses and doctors. There are multiple factors that influence the 'recruitment to retention' pipeline. The first stage of an exploration into the issues influencing the availability of qualified health care workers may focus on the aspects which influence their entry into relevant educational programmes. This paper explores the reasons given by junior doctors in Sierra Leone for wanting to become a doctor...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206057/school-nurse-asthma-program-reduces-healthcare-utilization-in-children-with-persistent-asthma
#11
Michelle Trivedi, Janki Patel, Darleen Lessard, Ted Kremer, Nancy Byatt, Wanda Phipatanakul, Lori Pbert, Robert Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: We examined the impact of a novel, school nurse-supervised asthma therapy program on healthcare utilization. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed charts of 84 children enrolled in this program in central Massachusetts between 2012 and 2015. Physicians identified children with persistent asthma and poor medication adherence. These children were enrolled in the program to receive daily-inhaled corticosteroid at school, supervised by their school nurse, with ongoing communication between physician's office and school nurse through the school year...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196480/is-the-admission-test-for-a-course-in-medicine-a-good-predictor-of-academic-performance-a-case-control-experience-at-the-school-of-medicine-of-turin
#12
Giuseppe Migliaretti, Salvatore Bozzaro, Roberta Siliquini, Ilaria Stura, Giuseppe Costa, Franco Cavallo
OBJECTIVES: The usefulness of university admission tests to medical schools has been discussed in recent years. In the academic year 2014-15 in Italy, several students who failed the admission test appealed to the regional administrative court ('Tribunale Amministrativo Regionale'-TAR) requesting to be included, despite their test results, and all were admitted to their respective courses. The existence of this population of students generated a control group, in order to evaluate the predictive capacity of the admission test...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190691/premedical-special-master-s-programs-increase-usmle-step1-scores-and-improve-residency-placements
#13
Bryan Johnson, Matthew Flemer, Sadik Khuder, Nitin Puri
The effectiveness of Special Master's Programs (SMPs) in benefiting a potential medical student's career beyond admission into an MD-program is largely unknown. This study aims to evaluate the role of SMPs, if any, in affecting the performance and outcomes of students during their medical school career. This study analyzed anonymous surveys of students and residents from the University of Toledo. The data analysis is used to evaluate a student's academic performance before, during and after medical school. Measured metrics included: MCAT Scores, undergraduate GPA, USMLE STEP 1 scores, participation in research, number of research publications, and residency placement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187193/paediatric-case-mix-in-a-rural-clinical-school-is-relevant-to-future-practice
#14
Helen M Wright, Moira A L Maley, Denese E Playford, Pam Nicol, Sharon F Evans
BACKGROUND: Exposure to a representative case mix is essential for clinical learning, with logbooks established as a way of demonstrating patient contacts. Few studies have reported the paediatric case mix available to geographically distributed students within the same medical school. Given international interest in expanding medical teaching locations to rural contexts, equitable case exposure in rural relative to urban settings is topical. The Rural Clinical School of Western Australia locates students up to 3500 km from the urban university for an academic year...
November 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185893/milestone-educational-planning-initiatives-in-veterinary-medical-education-progress-and-pitfalls
#15
Elizabeth A Stone, Jessica Reimann, Lisa M Greenhill, Cate E Dewey
Three milestone educational planning initiatives engaged the veterinary medical profession in the United States and Canada between 1987 and 2011, namely the Pew National Veterinary Education Program, the Foresight Project, and the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium. In a quantitative study, we investigated the impact of these initiatives on veterinary medical education through a survey of academic leaders (deans, previous deans, and associate deans for academics from veterinary medical schools that are members of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges) to assess their perspectives on the initiatives and eight recommendations that were common to all three initiatives...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183879/admission-factors-associated-with-international-medical-graduate-certification-success-a-collaborative-retrospective-review-of-postgraduate-medical-education-programs-in-ontario
#16
Lawrence E M Grierson, Mathew Mercuri, Carlos Brailovsky, Gary Cole, Caroline Abrahams, Douglas Archibald, Glen Bandiera, Susan P Phillips, Glenna Stirrett, J Mark Walton, Eric Wong, Inge Schabort
BACKGROUND: The failure rate on certification examinations of The College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC) and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) is significantly higher for international medical graduates than for Canadian medical school graduates. The purpose of the current study was to generate evidence that supports or refutes the validity of hypotheses proposed to explain the lower success rates. METHODS: We conducted retrospective analyses of admissions and certification data to determine the factors associated with success of international medical graduate residents on the certification examinations...
November 24, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176032/predictive-validity-of-pre-admission-assessments-on-medical-student-performance
#17
Al-Awwab Dabaliz, Samy Kaadan, M Marwan Dabbagh, Abdulaziz Barakat, Mohammad Abrar Shareef, Mohamad Al-Tannir, Akef Obeidat, Ayman Mohamed
Objectives: To examine the predictive validity of pre-admission variables on students' performance in a medical school in Saudi Arabia. Methods: In this retrospective study, we collected admission and college performance data for 737 students in preclinical and clinical years. Data included high school scores and other standardized test scores, such as those of the National Achievement Test and the General Aptitude Test. Additionally, we included the scores of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) exams...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172813/a-critical-scoping-review-of-the-connections-between-social-mission-and-medical-school-admissions-beme-guide-no-47
#18
Rachel H Ellaway, Rebecca Malhi, Sameer Bajaj, Ian Walker, Douglas Myhre
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing focus on the social accountability of medical schools, there has been no substantive review of admissions related to the social mission of medical schools. This paper reports on a critical scoping review of the connections between social mission and medical school admissions. METHODS: Searches of seven bibliographic databases identified 1258 unique articles. After filtering for relevance, 71 articles were considered for final review...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171047/ending-daca-has-pragmatic-and-ethical-implications-for-u-s-health-care
#19
Danish Zaidi, Mark Kuczewski
In 2012, Loyola University Chicago's Stritch School of Medicine became the first medical school in the United States to actively recruit and accept undocumented immigrants who received protections granted under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program that was established by presidential memorandum. By 2016, sixty-one medical schools were considering applications from DACA recipients for admission, and more than 110 students applied. According to the American Association of Medical Colleges, sixty-five DACA recipients matriculated in U...
November 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169351/-we-have-been-forced-to-move-away-from-home-print-news-coverage-of-canadians-studying-abroad-at-caribbean-offshore-medical-schools
#20
Jeffrey Morgan, Valorie A Crooks, Jeremy Snyder
BACKGROUND: Canadian international medical graduates are Canadian-citizens who have graduated from a medical school outside of Canada or the United States. A growing number of Canadians enroll in medical school abroad, including at Caribbean offshore medical schools. Often, Canadians studying medicine abroad attempt to return to Canada for postgraduate residency training and ultimately to practice. METHODS: The authors conducted a qualitative media analysis to discern the dominant themes and ideologies that frame discussion of offshore medical schools, and the Canadian medical students they graduate, in the Canadian print news...
November 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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