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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133319/identification-of-factors-associated-with-resilience-in-medical-students-through-a-cross-sectional-census
#1
Anna Christina Pinho de Oliveira, André Paes Goulart Machado, Renata Nunes Aranha
OBJECTIVES: Research on resilience has been gaining momentum, and it has already been shown that increased resilience creates positive changes at the individual and collective levels. Understanding of the factors associated with resilience may guide specific actions directed towards different populations. The objective of this study was to investigate these associated factors within a population of medical students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional census. SETTING: A public medical school in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132334/is-perfect-good-dimensions-of-perfectionism-in-newly-admitted-medical-students
#2
Helen Seeliger, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Society expects physicians to perform perfectly but high levels of perfectionism are associated with symptoms of distress in medical students. This study investigated whether medical students admitted to medical school by different selection criteria differ in the occurrence of perfectionism. METHODS: Newly enrolled undergraduate medical students (n = 358) filled out the following instruments: Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-H), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-F), Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110662/reliability-of-multiple-mini-interviews-and-traditional-interviews-within-and-between-institutions-a-study-of-five-california-medical-schools
#3
Anthony Jerant, Mark C Henderson, Erin Griffin, Julie A Rainwater, Theodore R Hall, Carolyn J Kelly, Ellena M Peterson, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
BACKGROUND: Many medical schools use admissions Multiple Mini-Interviews (MMIs) rather than traditional interviews (TIs), partly because MMIs are thought to be more reliable. Yet prior studies examined single-school samples of candidates completing either an MMI or TI (not both). Using data from five California public medical schools, the authors examined the within- and between-school reliabilities of TIs and MMIs. METHODS: The analyses included applicants interviewing at ≥1 of the five schools during 2011-2013...
November 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098043/relationship-between-canadian-medical-school-student-career-interest-in-emergency-medicine-and-postgraduate-training-disposition
#4
Riyad B Abu-Laban, Ian M Scott, Margot C Gowans
Background: Canada has two independent routes of emergency medicine (EM) training and certification. This unique situation may encourage medical students with EM career aspirations to apply to family medicine (FM) residencies to subsequently acquire College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC) training and certification in EM. We sought answers to the following: 1) Are medical students who indicate EM as their top career choice on medical school entry, and then complete a FM residency, more likely to undertake subsequent CFPC-EM training than other FM residents who did not indicate EM as their top career choice; and 2) What are the characteristics of medical students in four predefined groups, based upon their early interest in EM as a career and ultimate postgraduate training disposition...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095171/vive-la-diff%C3%A3-rence-the-freedom-and-inherent-responsibilities-when-designing-and-implementing-multiple-mini-interviews
#5
Harold Reiter, Kevin Eva
The literature on multiple mini-interviews (MMIs) is replete with heterogeneous study results related to the constructs measured, correlations with other measures, and demographic relationships. Rather than view these results as contradictory, the authors ask, What if all of the results are correct? They point out that the MMI is not an assessment tool, but rather an assessment method. Design and implementation of locally conducted MMIs in medical school admissions processes should reflect local needs. As with other local assessments, MMIs should be considered separate from nationally conducted assessments that reflect more universal competencies...
October 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095170/medical-school-applicant-characteristics-associated-with-performance-in-multiple-mini-interviews-versus-traditional-interviews-a-multi-institutional-study
#6
Mark C Henderson, Carolyn J Kelly, Erin Griffin, Theodore R Hall, Anthony Jerant, Ellena M Peterson, Julie A Rainwater, Francis J Sousa, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
PURPOSE: To examine applicant characteristics associated with multi mini-interview (MMI) or traditional interview (TI) performance at five California public medical schools. METHOD: Of the five California Longitudinal Evaluation of Admissions Practices (CA-LEAP) consortium schools, three used TIs and two used MMIs. Schools provided the following retrospective data on all 2011-2013 admissions cycle interviewees: age, gender, race/ethnicity (under-represented in medicine [UIM] or not), self-identified disadvantaged (DA) status, undergraduate GPA, Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) score, and interview score (standardized as z-score, mean = 0, SD = 1)...
October 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067063/identifying-a-parsimonious-model-for-predicting-academic-achievement-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#7
Syeda Kauser Ali, Lubna Ansari Baig, Claudio Violato, Onaiza Zahid
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to adduce evidence of validity for admissions tests and processes and for identifying a parsimonious model that predicts students' academic achievement in Medical College. METHODS: Psychometric study done on admission data and assessment scores for five years of medical studies at Aga Khan University Medical College, Pakistan using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structured equation modeling (SEM). Sample included 276 medical students admitted in 2003, 2004 and 2005...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065019/formative-assessment-in-an-integrated-curriculum-identifying-at-risk-students-for-poor-performance-on-usmle-step-1-using-nbme-custom-exam-questions
#8
Judith M Brenner, Jeffrey B Bird, Joanne M Willey
PURPOSE: The Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine (HNSOM) uses an essay-based assessment system. Recognizing the emphasis graduate medical education places on the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step exams, the authors developed a method to predict students at risk for lower performance on USMLE Step 1. METHOD: Beginning with the inaugural class (2015), HNSOM administered National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) Customized Assessment Service (CAS) examinations as formative assessment at the end of each integrated course in the first two years of medical school...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058946/impact-of-a-novel-interprofessional-dental-and-pharmacy-student-tobacco-cessation-education-programme-on-dental-patient-outcomes
#9
Shannon Myers Virtue, Melissa E Rotz, Matthew Boyd, Jillian L Lykon, Elizabeth M Waldron, Jacqueline Theodorou
The dental setting presents a unique opportunity to assist patients with tobacco cessation. Many dental providers do not feel prepared to provide tobacco cessation, particularly with regard to education on pharmacological treatments. An interprofessional practice experience with dental and pharmacy students provides a novel approach to tobacco cessation in the dental setting, but it is not known whether such methods affect patient outcomes. The goal of the study was to examine the impact of a novel dental and pharmacy student tobacco cessation education programme on patient knowledge gained, barriers to utilising cessation medications, quit intentions, and quit behaviours as compared to standard care...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991842/medical-school-factors-that-prepare-students-to-become-leaders-in-medicine
#10
Louise Arnold, Paul G Cuddy, Susan B Hathaway, Jennifer L Quaintance, Steven L Kanter
PURPOSE: To identify medical school factors graduates in major leadership positions perceive as contributing to their leadership development. METHOD: Using a phenomenological, qualitative approach, in August-November 2015 the authors conducted semistructured interviews with 48 medical leaders who were 1976-1999 baccalaureate-MD graduates of the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine (UMKC). At UMKC, they participated in longitudinal learning communities, the centerpiece for learning professional values and behaviors plus clinical skills, knowledge, and judgment, but received no formal leadership instruction...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980497/the-clinical-effects-of-the-venomous-lessepsian-migrant-fish-plotosus-lineatus-thunberg-1787-in-the-southeastern-mediterranean-sea
#11
Yedidia Bentur, Sergey Altunin, Iris Levdov, Daniel Golani, Ehud Spanier, Dor Edelist, Yael Lurie
CONTEXT: Plotosus lineatus is a venomous fish that has migrated from the Indo-Pacific region to the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrant). Its presence in the Mediterranean Sea was first recorded in 2002 and was observed in growing schools. Its spines contain toxins with lytic, hemolytic and edematous activities. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the injuries caused by Plotosus lineatus in the Southeastern Mediterranean Sea. METHODS: A prospective observational case series of consultations provided by a national Poison Center pertaining to Plotosus lineatus from 2007 to 2016...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979835/a-comparison-of-best-practices-for-doctoral-training-in-europe-and-north-america
#12
Joey V Barnett, Robert A Harris, Michael J Mulvany
The PhD degree was established in Berlin 200 years ago and has since spread across the whole world. While there is general agreement that the degree is awarded in recognition of successfully completed research training, there have been significant differences in the way doctoral training programs have developed in particular countries. There is, however, a clear global tendency to follow the programs currently used either in the United States or in Europe. To determine more clearly how US and European PhD programs are both similar and different, we have used a validated questionnaire to analyze biomedical PhD programs in four representative institutions at Vanderbilt University, University of Manitoba, Karolinska Institutet, and Graz Medical University...
October 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979178/association-between-the-medical-college-admission-test-scores-and-alpha-omega-alpha-medical-honors-society-membership
#13
Jacqueline L Gauer, J Brooks Jackson
INTRODUCTION: Medical schools worldwide are faced with the challenge of selecting from among many qualified applicants. One factor that might help admissions committees identify future exceptional medical students is scores on standardized entrance exams. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between scores on the most commonly used standardized medical school entrance exam in the USA, the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), and election to the US medical honors society, Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA)...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968223/in-sport-and-now-in-medical-school-examining-students-well-being-and-motivations-for-learning
#14
Oksana Babenko, Amber Mosewich
Objectives: To investigate relationships between students' past level of involvement in physical activity/sport and their motivations for learning (achievement goals) and well-being in medical school. In doing so, we provide evidence to medical programs to inform admission processes and curriculum planning. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Out of 640 medical students, 267 completed an online questionnaire with measures of: achievement goals, academic burnout, physical activity/sport involvement, and demographics...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955664/academic-performance-in-iranian-medical-students-during-the-pre-clinical-stage
#15
Farnoush Davoudi, Shooka Esmaeeli, Masoud AhmadzadAsl, Marzieh Nojomi
Background: Better understanding of factors associated with medical school performance is necessary to improve admission processes and to help students succeed in their career. This study follows a group of Iranian med students during their first 2.5 years of medical education, to evaluate their academic success in accordance with their demographic, cognitive and non-cognitive characteristics. Methods: 143 of 200 matriculants of Iran University of Medical Sciences medical school in 2010, were followed for 5 consecutive semesters of the preclinical stage...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953566/in-search-of-black-swans-identifying-students-at-risk-of-failing-licensing-examinations
#16
Cassandra Barber, Robert Hammond, Lorne Gula, Gary Tithecott, Saad Chahine
PURPOSE: To determine which admissions variables and curricular outcomes are predictive of being at risk of failing the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part 1 (MCCQE1), how quickly student risk of failure can be predicted, and to what extent predictive modeling is possible and accurate in estimating future student risk. METHOD: Data from five graduating cohorts (2011-2015), Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, were collected and analyzed using hierarchical generalized linear models (HGLMs)...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938838/the-effectiveness-of-newly-developed-written-asthma-action-plan-in-improvement-of-asthma-outcome-in-children
#17
Kingthong Lakupoch, Wiparat Manuyakorn, Aroonwan Preutthipan, Harutai Kamalaporn
BACKGROUND: Providing asthma education about controller medication use and appropriate management of asthma exacerbation are the keys to improving the disease outcome. Many asthma guidelines recommend that physicians provide written asthma action plan (WAAP) to all of their asthmatic patients. However, the benefit of WAAP is unclear. Thus, we have created a new WAAP which is simplified in Thai and more user friendly. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of the newly developed asthma action plan in management of children with asthma...
September 17, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928168/factors-that-support-successful-transition-to-the-community-among-women-leaving-prison-in-british-columbia-a-prospective-cohort-study-using-participatory-action-research
#18
Patricia A Janssen, Mo Korchinski, Sarah L Desmarais, Arianne Y K Albert, Lara-Lisa Condello, Marla Buchanan, Alison Granger-Brown, Vivian R Ramsden, Lynn Fels, Jane A Buxton, Carl Leggo, Ruth Elwood Martin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, the number of women sentenced to prison has almost doubled since 1995. In British Columbia, the rate of reincarceration is 70% within 2 years. Our aim was to identify factors associated with recidivism among women in British Columbia. METHODS: We prospectively followed women after discharge from provincial corrections centres in British Columbia. We defined recidivism as participation in criminal activity disclosed by participants during the year following release...
September 13, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894519/epidemiologic-characteristics-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-kermanshah-iran
#19
Mehdi Zobeiri, Homayoon Bashiri, Lotfollah Askari, Ali Asghar Keshavars, Ramin Tavvafzadeh, Kiomars Fatahi, Farid Najafi
BACKGROUND This study was done to define some epidemiological aspects of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and to describe its characteristics in west of Iran. METHODS In this descriptive study all patient with the diagnosis of IBD who were visited in universityaffiliated medical centers, between 2014 and 2015 were recruited. Their demographic characteristics, disease-related manifestations, complications, disease course and their chief complaints were analyzed. RESULTS Of 156 referred individuals, 153 patients had ulcerative colitis (UC) and 3 patients had Crohn's diseases (CD)...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876427/geographical-distribution-of-medical-graduates-from-a-public-university
#20
Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Maria Helena Senger, Lucas Braga, Rafael Lacerda, Marlon Filippo, Fernando Colugnati, Danette McKinley, Eliana Amaral
Objective: To evaluate the geographic distribution and career trajectory of medical graduates and the factors associated with their choice of practice location. Method: A cross-sectional study involving graduates from December 2001 to December 2010 was conducted. A self-administered questionnaire collected demographics and geographic information (place of birth, place of residence at the time of medical school admission, place of residency training and practice location), and reason for choosing the current location...
June 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
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