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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188452/participation-and-selection-effects-of-a-voluntary-selection-process
#1
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Susanna M Lucieer, Anouk Wouters, Gerda Croiset, Axel P N Themmen, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
Many different medical school selection processes are used worldwide. In this paper, we examine the effect of (1) participation, and (2) selection in a voluntary selection process on study performance. We included data from two cohorts of medical students admitted to Erasmus MC, Rotterdam and VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands and compared them to previously published data from Groningen medical school, The Netherlands. All included students were admitted based on either (1) a top pre-university grade point average, or (2) a voluntary selection process, or (3) weighted lottery...
February 10, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184060/do-high-tuition-fees-make-a-difference-characteristics-of-applicants-to-uk-medical-and-dental-schools-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-high-tuition-fees-in-2012
#2
J E Gallagher, A Calvert, V Niven, L Cabot
Aim To compare trends in the volume, socio-demography and academic experience of UK applicants and entrants to medicine and dentistry in the UK with university in general, before and after the major increase in university fees in England in 2012.Methods Descriptive trend analyses of University and College Admissions Services (UCAS) data for focused (preferred subject was medicine or dentistry) and accepted applicants, 2010-14, compared with university in general in relation to socio-demography (age, sex, ethnicity, POLAR 2, region) and academic experience (school type)...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178916/development-of-an-interdisciplinary-pre-matriculation-program-designed-to-promote-medical-students-self-efficacy
#3
Anna Wirta Kosobuski, Abigail Whitney, Andrew Skildum, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A four-week interdisciplinary pre-matriculation program for Native American and rural medical students was created and its impact on students' transition to medical school was assessed. The program extends the goals of many pre-matriculation programs by aiming to increase not only students' understanding of basic science knowledge, but also to build student self-efficacy through practice with medical school curricular elements while developing their academic support networks...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166580/outcomes-of-embedded-care-management-in-a-family-medicine-residency-patient-centered-medical-home
#4
Robert J Newman, Richard Bikowski, Kristy Nakayama, Tina Cunningham, Pam Acker, Dana Bradshaw
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Much attention is devoted nationally to preventing hospital readmissions and emergency department (ED) use, given the high cost of this care. There is a growing body of evidence from the Patient Centered Primary Care Collaborative that a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model successfully lowers these costs. Our study evaluates a specific intervention in a family medicine residency PCMH to decrease readmissions and ED utilization using an embedded care manager...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161143/substance-use-treatment-and-demographic-characteristics-of-pregnant-women-entering-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder-differ-by-united-states-census-region
#5
Dennis J Hand, Vanessa L Short, Diane J Abatemarco
Opioid use disorder (OUD) among pregnant women increased substantially between 1992 and 2012 across the United States, with the greatest increases occurring in the southern states. We analyzed the 2013 Treatment Episodes Database-Admissions to determine how substances used, characteristics of treatment, and demographics of pregnant women entering treatment for opioid use disorder vary between geographical regions. Analyses were restricted to cases where women reported being pregnant at the time of admission and reported opioids as the primary substance problem leading to the treatment admission...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153977/quality-of-care-delivered-by-general-internists-in-us-hospitals-who-graduated-from-foreign-versus-us-medical-schools-observational-study
#6
Yusuke Tsugawa, Anupam B Jena, E John Orav, Ashish K Jha
OBJECTIVE:  To determine whether patient outcomes differ between general internists who graduated from a medical school outside the United States and those who graduated from a US medical school. DESIGN:  Observational study. SETTING:  Medicare, USA. PARTICIPANTS:  20% national sample of data for Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 65 years or older admitted to hospital with a medical condition in 2011-14 and treated by international or US medical graduates who were general internists...
February 2, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098483/academic-performance-on-first-year-medical-school-exams-how-well-does-it-predict-later-performance-on-knowledge-based-and-clinical-assessments
#7
Edward Krupat, Stephen R Pelletier, Jules L Dienstag
Number of appearances in the bottom quartile of 1st-year medical school exams were used to represent the extent to which students were having academic difficulties. Medical educators have long expressed a desire to have indicators of medical student performance that have strong predictive validity. Predictors traditionally used fell into 4 general categories: demographic (e.g., gender), other background factors (e.g., college major), performance/aptitude (e.g., medical college admission test scores), and noncognitive factors (e...
January 18, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076356/the-limitations-of-the-gre-in-predicting-success-in-biomedical-graduate-school
#8
Liane Moneta-Koehler, Abigail M Brown, Kimberly A Petrie, Brent J Evans, Roger Chalkley
Historically, admissions committees for biomedical Ph.D. programs have heavily weighed GRE scores when considering applications for admission. The predictive validity of GRE scores on graduate student success is unclear, and there have been no recent investigations specifically on the relationship between general GRE scores and graduate student success in biomedical research. Data from Vanderbilt University Medical School's biomedical umbrella program were used to test to what extent GRE scores can predict outcomes in graduate school training when controlling for other admissions information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062925/impact-of-vocational-interests-previous-academic-experience-gender-and-age-on-situational-judgement-test-performance
#9
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree programme in Medicine at University of Groningen, the Netherlands. All applicants for the academic year 2015-2016 were included and had to choose between learning communities Global Health (n = 126), Sustainable Care (n = 149), Intramural Care (n = 225), or Molecular Medicine (n = 116)...
January 6, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054158/a-multi-site-study-on-medical-school-selection-performance-motivation-and-engagement
#10
A Wouters, G Croiset, N R Schripsema, J Cohen-Schotanus, G W G Spaai, R L Hulsman, R A Kusurkar
Medical schools seek ways to improve their admissions strategies, since the available methods prove to be suboptimal for selecting the best and most motivated students. In this multi-site cross-sectional questionnaire study, we examined the value of (different) selection procedures compared to a weighted lottery procedure, which includes direct admission based on top pre-university grade point averages (≥8 out of 10; top-pu-GPA). We also considered whether students had participated in selection, prior to being admitted through weighted lottery...
January 4, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053659/a-web-based-information-system-for-a-regional-public-mental-healthcare-service-network-in-brazil
#11
Vinicius Tohoru Yoshiura, João Mazzoncini de Azevedo-Marques, Magdalena Rzewuska, André Luiz Teixeira Vinci, Ariane Morassi Sasso, Newton Shydeo Brandão Miyoshi, Antonia Regina Ferreira Furegato, Rui Pedro Charters Lopes Rijo, Cristina Marta Del-Ben, Domingos Alves
BACKGROUND: Regional networking between services that provide mental health care in Brazil's decentralized public health system is challenging, partly due to the simultaneous existence of services managed by municipal and state authorities and a lack of efficient and transparent mechanisms for continuous and updated communication between them. Since 2011, the Ribeirao Preto Medical School and the XIII Regional Health Department of the Sao Paulo state, Brazil, have been developing and implementing a web-based information system to facilitate an integrated care throughout a public regional mental health care network...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050255/the-role-of-general-practitioners-in-medical-school-admission-interview-panels-in-the-uk-2012-2014-a-national-survey
#12
Mohammed Ahmed Rashid, John Benson
OBJECTIVE: Recent primary care workforce pressures in the UK have prompted national reviews. Recommendations to increase the proportion of medical students entering general practice have led to interest in the role of medical schools in career choices. This study sought to identify the career backgrounds of admissions leads at UK medical schools and the proportion of general practitioners on admission interview panels. DESIGN: A national survey using a proforma circulated to all UK medical school admission leads via the Medical Schools Council...
July 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031600/medical-curriculum-and-pharmacology-an-appraisal
#13
P S R K Haranath
Pharmacology was introduced with Western Medical Education in India in 1900s. RN Chopra was the first Professor of Pharmacology along with patient care in School of Tropical Medicine Calcutta. Now Pharmacologists do not have clinical care nor give laboratory services to hospitals. Medical Education advanced in the West in 1960s with more emphasis on Integrated Teaching and Student Self-study and less on didactic lectures. System Based Learning and Problem Based Learning reduced importance of individual subjects...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024439/impact-of-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-applicants-in-multiple-mini-interviews
#14
Jean-Michel Leduc, Richard Rioux, Robert Gagnon, Christian Bourdy, Ashley Dennis
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) are commonly used for medical school admission. This study aimed to assess if sociodemographic characteristics are associated with MMI performance, and how they may act as barriers or enablers to communication in MMI. METHODS: This mixed-method study combined data from a sociodemographic questionnaire, MMI scores, semi-structured interviews and focus groups with applicants and assessors. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed using multiple linear regression and a thematic framework analysis...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001260/reasons-for-choosing-the-profession-and-profile-of-newly-qualified-physicians-in-brazil
#15
Mário César Scheffer, Aline Gil Alves Guilloux, Mario Roberto Dal Poz, Lilia Blima Schraiber
Objective: To evaluate the socio-demographic profile, path to medical school admission and factors affecting the choice of becoming a physician in Brazil. Method: Application of a structured questionnaire to 4,601 participants among the 16,323 physicians who graduated between 2014 and 2015 that subsequently registered with one of the 27 Regional Boards of Medicine (CRMs). Results: The average age of participants is 27 years, 77.2% are white, 57% come from families with a monthly income greater than ten times the minimum wage, 65% have fathers who have completed higher education, 79...
December 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988918/scholastic-achievements-graduate-entry-vs-school-leaver-entry-medical-students
#16
Tetsuya Urano, Munetaka Haida, Shunichiro Izumi, Yutaka Imai, Koichiro Asano, Tadashi Abe
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to conduct a retrospective analysis comparing graduate-entry program (GEP) and school-leaver-entry program (SEP) students from the perspective of scholastic achievements from admission through the national examination for medical practitioners. METHODS: The number of students who repeated one or more years, because of their poor results on examinations, the scores of graduation examinations, and the pass rates for the national examination for medical practitioners were compared, retrospectively, over the last 8 academic years between GEP and SEP students at Tokai University School of Medicine...
December 20, 2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943237/patient-and-parent-initiated-oral-steroids-for-asthma-exacerbations
#17
REVIEW
Muhammad B Ganaie, M Munavvar, Morris Gordon, Hui F Lim, David Jw Evans
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways affecting an estimated 334 million people worldwide. During severe exacerbations, patients may need to attend a medical centre or hospital emergency department for treatment with systemic corticosteroids, which can be administered intravenously or orally. Some people with asthma are prescribed oral corticosteroids (OCS) for self-administration (i.e. patient-initiated) or to administer to their child with asthma (i.e. parent-initiated), in the event of an exacerbation...
12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931294/long-term-outcome-after-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-asthma-admissions
#18
Ibrahim Abu-Kishk, Sharon Polakow-Farkash, Arnon Elizur
BACKGROUND: Patients with asthma admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) are often found to have had previous severe asthma exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the outcome of children after PICU admission. METHODS: Patients, ages 218 years, admitted to the PICU at Assaf Harofeh Medical Center over a 10-year period were assessed at a mean of 10 years after their admission and compared with matched patients admitted to the pediatric ward...
November 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873137/casper-an-online-pre-interview-screen-for-personal-professional-characteristics-prediction-of-national-licensure-scores
#19
Kelly L Dore, Harold I Reiter, Sharyn Kreuger, Geoffrey R Norman
Typically, only a minority of applicants to health professional training are invited to interview. However, pre-interview measures of cognitive skills predict for national licensure scores (Gauer et al. in Med Educ Online 21 2016) and subsequently licensure scores predict for performance in practice (Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 288(23): 3019-3026, 2002; Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 298(9):993-1001, 2007). Assessment of personal and professional characteristics, with the same psychometric rigour of measures of cognitive abilities, are needed upstream in the selection to health profession training programs...
November 21, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869485/the-practice-of-hatha-yoga-for-the-treatment-of-pain-associated-with-endometriosis
#20
Andrea Vasconcelos Gonçalves, Nelson Filice Barros, Luis Bahamondes
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare chronic pelvic pain, menstrual patterns, and quality of life (QoL) in two groups of women with endometriosis: those who did and those who did not participate in a specific 8-week yoga intervention. METHOD: This was a randomized controlled trial. It was conducted at the University of Campinas Medical School, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Forty women were randomly divided into two groups: an intervention group of women who practiced yoga (n = 28), and a control group of women who did not practice yoga (n = 12)...
January 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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