keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

medical school admissions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928168/factors-that-support-successful-transition-to-the-community-among-women-leaving-prison-in-british-columbia-a-prospective-cohort-study-using-participatory-action-research
#1
Patricia A Janssen, Mo Korchinski, Sarah L Desmarais, Arianne Y K Albert, Lara-Lisa Condello, Marla Buchanan, Alison Granger-Brown, Vivian R Ramsden, Lynn Fels, Jane A Buxton, Carl Leggo, Ruth Elwood Martin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, the number of women sentenced to prison has almost doubled since 1995. In British Columbia, the rate of reincarceration is 70% within 2 years. Our aim was to identify factors associated with recidivism among women in British Columbia. METHODS: We prospectively followed women after discharge from provincial corrections centres in British Columbia. We defined recidivism as participation in criminal activity disclosed by participants during the year following release...
September 13, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894519/epidemiologic-characteristics-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-kermanshah-iran
#2
Mehdi Zobeiri, Homayoon Bashiri, Lotfollah Askari, Ali Asghar Keshavars, Ramin Tavvafzadeh, Kiomars Fatahi, Farid Najafi
BACKGROUND This study was done to define some epidemiological aspects of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and to describe its characteristics in west of Iran. METHODS In this descriptive study all patient with the diagnosis of IBD who were visited in universityaffiliated medical centers, between 2014 and 2015 were recruited. Their demographic characteristics, disease-related manifestations, complications, disease course and their chief complaints were analyzed. RESULTS Of 156 referred individuals, 153 patients had ulcerative colitis (UC) and 3 patients had Crohn's diseases (CD)...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876427/geographical-distribution-of-medical-graduates-from-a-public-university
#3
Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Maria Helena Senger, Lucas Braga, Rafael Lacerda, Marlon Filippo, Fernando Colugnati, Danette McKinley, Eliana Amaral
Objective: To evaluate the geographic distribution and career trajectory of medical graduates and the factors associated with their choice of practice location. Method: A cross-sectional study involving graduates from December 2001 to December 2010 was conducted. A self-administered questionnaire collected demographics and geographic information (place of birth, place of residence at the time of medical school admission, place of residency training and practice location), and reason for choosing the current location...
June 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860227/the-relationship-between-school-type-and-academic-performance-at-medical-school-a-national-multi-cohort-study
#4
Ben Kumwenda, Jennifer A Cleland, Kim Walker, Amanda J Lee, Rachel Greatrix
OBJECTIVES: Differential attainment in school examinations is one of the barriers to increasing student diversity in medicine. However, studies on the predictive validity of prior academic achievement and educational performance at medical school are contradictory, possibly due to single-site studies or studies which focus only on early years' performance. To address these gaps, we examined the relationship between sociodemographic factors, including school type and average educational performance throughout medical school across a large number of diverse medical programmes...
August 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830504/trends-in-substance-use-admissions-among-older-adults
#5
Sumedha Chhatre, Ratna Cook, Eshita Mallik, Ravishankar Jayadevappa
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse is a growing, but mostly silent, epidemic among older adults. We sought to analyze the trends in admissions for substance abuse treatment among older adults (aged 55 and older). METHODS: Treatment Episode Data Set - Admissions (TEDS-A) for period between 2000 and 2012 was used. The trends in admission for primary substances, demographic attributes, characteristics of substance abused and type of admission were analyzed. RESULTS: While total number of substance abuse treatment admissions between 2000 and 2012 changed slightly, proportion attributable to older adults increased from 3...
August 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822857/exploring-associations-of-clinical-and-social-parameters-with-violent-behaviors-among-psychiatric-patients
#6
Hong-Jie Dai, Emily Chia-Yu Su, Mohy Uddin, Jitendra Jonnagaddala, Chi-Shin Wu, Shabbir Syed-Abdul
Evidence has revealed interesting associations of clinical and social parameters with violent behaviors of patients with psychiatric disorders. Men are more violent preceding and during hospitalization, whereas women are more violent than men throughout the 3days following a hospital admission. It has also been proven that mental disorders may be a consistent risk factor for the occurrence of violence. In order to better understand violent behaviors of patients with psychiatric disorders, it is important to investigate both the clinical symptoms and psychosocial factors that accompany violence in these patients...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817433/class-wide-access-to-a-commercial-step-1-question-bank-during-preclinical-organ-based-modules-a-pilot-project
#7
James H Baños, Mark E Pepin, Nicholas Van Wagoner
PURPOSE: The authors examined the usefulness of a commercially available Step 1 question bank as a formative academic support tool throughout organ-based modules in an integrated preclinical medical curriculum. The authors also determined the extent to which correlation between question bank utilization and academic metrics varied with Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores. METHOD: In 2015, a cohort of 185 first-year medical students at University of Alabama School of Medicine were provided with 18-month full access to a commercially available Step 1 question bank of over 2,100 items throughout organ-based modules, although there were no requirements for use...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765129/medical-school-selection-criteria-as-predictors-of-medical-student-empathy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-students-ireland
#8
Donnchadh M O'Sullivan, Joseph Moran, Paul Corcoran, Siun O'Flynn, Colm O'Tuathaigh, Aoife M O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether performance in any of the Health Professions Admissions Test (HPAT) sections, most specifically the interpersonal understanding section, correlates with self-reported empathy levels in medical students. SETTING: The study was conducted in University College Cork, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 290 students participated in the study. Matching HPAT scores were available for 263 students. All male and female undergraduate students were invited to participate...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762297/the-association-of-usmle-step-1-and-step-2-ck-scores-with-residency-match-specialty-and-location
#9
Jacqueline L Gauer, J Brooks Jackson
BACKGROUND: For future physicians, residency programs offer necessary extended training in specific medical specialties. Medical schools benefit from an understanding of factors that lead their students to match into certain residency specialties. One such factor, often used during the residency application process, is scores on the USA Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE). OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between USMLE Step 1 and Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK) scores and students' residency specialty match, and the association between both USMLE scores and state of legal residency (Minnesota) at the time of admission with students staying in-state or leaving the state for residency program...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723691/high-cost-of-hospitalization-for-colonic-diverticular-bleeding-depended-on-repeated-bleeding-and-blood-transfusion-analysis-with-diagnosis-procedure-combination-data-in-japan
#10
Yoichiro Ito, Yasuhisa Sakata, Hisako Yoshida, Sayuri Nonaka, Susumu Fujii, Yuichiro Tanaka, Shimpei Shirai, Eri Takeshita, Takashi Akutagawa, Hiroharu Kawakubo, Koji Yamamoto, Nanae Tsuruoka, Ryo Shimoda, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Kazuma Fujimoto
BACKGROUND: Bleeding from a colonic diverticulum is serious in aged patients. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for high-cost hospitalization of colonic diverticular bleeding using the diagnosis procedure combination (DPC) data. METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2015, 78 patients with colonic diverticular bleeding were identified by DPC data in Saga Medical School Hospital. All patients underwent colonic endoscopy within 3 days. The patients were divided into 2 groups: the low-cost group (DPC cost of <500,000 yen) and the high-cost group (DPC cost of >500,000 yen)...
2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714497/admitting-deserving-medical-students-from-rural-and-disadvantaged-patan-academy-of-health-sciences-approach
#11
S K Upadhyay, S Bhandary, D B Bhandari, R K Dulal, K P Baral, R N Gongal, P K Acharya, S Shrestha, J N Shah, A Karki
BACKGROUND: Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS) aims to produce physicians who would be able and willing to serve in the rural areas. Recognizing the critical importance of student selection strategy, among others, in achieving the program goals, it has adopted an innovative scheme for selecting medical students. This paper describes PAHS medical student selection scheme that favors enrollment of deserving applicants from rural and disadvantaged groups so as to help improve distribution of physicians in rural Nepal...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705913/interpretation-modalities-used-on-family-centered-rounds-perspectives-of-spanish-speaking-families
#12
Ashley Anttila, David I Rappaport, Johan Tijerino, Nusrat Zaman, Iman Sharif
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Limited-English-proficient (LEP) patients and families are at risk for worse hospital outcomes due to impaired communication. Family-centered rounds (FCR) have become the preferred format for information sharing among providers and families at pediatric institutions. However, there are limited data on FCR among LEP families, particularly regarding interpretation type. We sought to examine the relationships between interpretation type and FCR satisfaction and efficacy among Spanish-speaking families, the fastest growing LEP population in pediatric hospitals...
August 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702788/how-do-physicians-become-medical-experts-a-test-of-three-competing-theories-distinct-domains-independent-influence-and-encapsulation-models
#13
Claudio Violato, Hong Gao, Mary Claire O'Brien, David Grier, E Shen
The distinction between basic sciences and clinical knowledge which has led to a theoretical debate on how medical expertise is developed has implications for medical school and lifelong medical education. This longitudinal, population based observational study was conducted to test the fit of three theories-knowledge encapsulation, independent influence, distinct domains-of the development of medical expertise employing structural equation modelling. Data were collected from 548 physicians (292 men-53.3%; 256 women-46...
July 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699603/infants-with-extrahepatic-biliary-atresia-effect-of-follow-up-on-the-survival-rate-at-ege-university-medical-school-transplantation-center
#14
Miray Karakoyun, Maşallah Baran, Caner Turan, Murat Kılıç, Orkan Ergun, Sema Aydoğdu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Biliary atresia (BA) is the main cause of neonatal cholestasis and the primary reason for infant liver transplants worldwide. It is an obliterative cholangiopathy observed only in children and caused by progressive inflammation and fibrosis of the bile duct. We collaborated with a liver transplantation center to investigate the effects of follow-up in patients with BA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 99 patients who were diagnosed with BA and monitored at our center from 1990 to 2002 (27 patients) and from 2003 to 2015 (72 patients) were analyzed retrospectively...
July 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681649/first-experience-with-multiple-mini-interview-for-medical-school-admission-in-brazil-does-it-work-in-a-different-cultural-scenario
#15
Durval Anibal Daniel-Filho, Elda Maria Stafuzza Gonçalves Pires, Angela Tavares Paes, Eduardo Juan Troster, Simone Cristina Azevedo B S Silva, Mariana Fachini Granato, Thomaz Bittencourt Couto, Joyce Kelly Silva Barreto, Alexandre Holthausen Campos, Julio C Martins Monte, Claudio Schvartsman
PURPOSE: Evaluation of non-cognitive skills never has been used in Brazil. This study aims to evaluate Multiple Mini Interviews (MMI) in the admission process of a School of Medicine in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The population of the study comprised 240 applicants summoned for the interviews, and 96 raters. MMI contributed to 25% of the applicants' final grade. Eight scenarios were created with the aim of evaluating different non-cognitive skills, each one had two raters...
July 6, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678099/shifting-the-curve-fostering-academic-success-in-a-diverse-student-body
#16
Martha L Elks, Janice Herbert-Carter, Marjorie Smith, Brenda Klement, Brandi Brandon Knight, Ngozi F Anachebe
PROBLEM: Diversity in the health care workforce is key to achieving health equity. Although U.S. medical schools have worked to increase the matriculation and academic success of underrepresented minority (URM) students (African Americans, Latinos, others), they have had only limited success. Lower standardized test scores, including on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), have been a barrier to matriculation for many URM applicants. Lower subsequent standardized exam scores, including on the United States Medical Licensing Exam Step 1, also have been an impediment to students' progress, with mean scores for URM students lagging behind those for others...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677825/the-impact-after-50-years-of-a-new-medical-education-programme-with-a-regional-workforce-mission
#17
Richard Hays, Sarah Bowles, Terry Brown, Anthony Lawler, James Vickers
BACKGROUND: Tasmania established its medical programme in 1965 to produce graduates to address medical workforce recruitment challenges. Many Tasmanian graduates work in Tasmania, but workforce problems continue. This paper reports the workforce outcomes of the first 42 graduating cohorts. METHODS: A database for all University of Tasmania medical graduates from the years 1970 to 2011 was developed by combining information from university, registration and local workforce survey databases...
July 5, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672063/low-weight-gain-at-the-start-of-a-family-based-intervention-for-adolescent-girls-with-restrictive-eating-disorders-predicted-emergency-hospital-admission
#18
Ingemar Swenne, Helena Salonen Ros
AIM: This study examined predictors of emergency hospitalisation of adolescent girls with restrictive eating disorders and weight loss treated by a family-based intervention programme. METHODS: We studied 339 girls aged 10-17 years treated in a specialist unit at Uppsala University Children's Hospital, Sweden, from August 2010 to December 2015. Historical weight data were obtained from school health services and other weight data were determined at presentation...
July 3, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649211/online-and-mobile-interventions-for-problem-gambling-alcohol-and-drugs-a-systematic-review
#19
Isabelle Giroux, Annie Goulet, Jonathan Mercier, Christian Jacques, Stéphane Bouchard
Online interventions for gambling, alcohol, and illegal drug related problems have been developing at a fast pace over the past decade. Yet, little is known about the content and efficacy of interventions provided entirely online for reducing drug/alcohol use and gambling, or about the characteristics of those who use these interventions. This systematic review aims to describe the characteristics of online interventions, their efficacy, and the profile of their clientele. Documentation was mainly obtained through four scientific databases in psychology, technology, and medical research (PsychINFO, MedLine, Francis, and INSPEC) using three keywords (substances or gambling, intervention, Internet)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617236/retention-patterns-of-canadians-who-studied-medicine-abroad-and-other-international-medical-graduates
#20
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
OBJECTIVES: Are Canadians who study abroad (CSAs) more likely to stay in Canada than other international medical graduates (IMGs)? We looked at retention patterns of CSAs and immigrant IMGs who completed post-graduate medical education (PGME) training in Canada to describe the proportion and predictors of those working in Canada and in rural communities in Canada in 2015. METHODS: We linked the National IMG Database to Scott's Medical Database to track the work locations of CSAs and immigrant IMGs in 2015...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
keyword
keyword
85250
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"