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wrist tendinopathy

Benjamin Plotkin, Srihari C Sampath, Srinath C Sampath, Kambiz Motamedi
The tendons of the wrist are commonly symptomatic. They can be injured, infected, or inflamed. Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography are useful tools for evaluating the wrist. Pathologic conditions of the wrist tendons include de Quervain tenosynovitis, extensor carpi ulnaris tendinopathy, rheumatoid tenosynovitis, infectious synovitis, tendon tears, hydroxyapatite deposition disease, intersection syndrome, tenosynovial giant cell tumor, and fibroma of the tendon sheath. In this article, we review the normal appearance of the wrist tendons, discuss relevant anatomy, and give an overview of common pathologic conditions affecting the wrist tendons...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Tun Hing Lui
Extensor tenosynovitis of the wrist can lead to rupture of the extensor tendons. Extensor tenosynovectomy is indicated if the tenosynovitis cannot be controlled by conservative measures. Open tenosynovectomy requires extensive dissection of soft tissue, including the extensor retinaculum. This article describes extensor tendoscopy of the wrist. This technique allows approach to the extensor compartments with small incisions and minimal soft tissue dissection. It is indicated when extensor tenosynovitis persists despite adequate medical treatments including medications, immobilization, and steroid injection...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Jocelyn Cox, Sharanya Varatharajan, Pierre Côté, Optima Collaboration
Study Design Systematic review. Background Little is known about the effectiveness of acupuncture therapies for musculoskeletal disorders. Objective To assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture therapies for musculoskeletal disorders of the extremities. Methods We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1990 to 2015 for randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, and case-control studies. Eligible studies were appraised with Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network criteria...
June 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Robert Z Tashjian, James M Farnham, Erin K Granger, Craig C Teerlink, Lisa A Cannon-Albright
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tearing has been found to be clinically associated with other tendinopathies and compression neuropathies; a significant excess of these phenotypes has been seen in patients with rotator cuff tears. It is unclear if the association is secondary to environmental or genetic influences. PURPOSE: To examine population-based data for comorbid association of rotator cuff tearing and tendinopathies and compression neuropathies and to determine whether the association extends to relatives of patients with rotator cuff tears, which could suggest a genetic contribution...
April 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Michael T Kuntz, Stein J Janssen, David Ring
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) commonly finds musculoskeletal abnormalities incidental to the reason for ordering the test. The purpose of this study was to determine if the prevalence of extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) signal changes on MRI varies between patients undergoing upper extremity MRI for assessment of clinically suspected ECU tendinopathy and those undergoing upper extremity MRI for other indications. Our secondary null hypotheses were that the prevalence of ECU signal changes on MRI does not vary based on patient age or sex and that the prevalence of ECU signal changes on MRI does not vary among other indications for MRI...
December 2015: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Julie E Adams, Rohan Habbu
Tendinopathies involving the hand and wrist are common. Many are diagnosed easily, and in many cases, the management is straightforward, provided the pathology and principles are understood. Common conditions involving the tendons of the hand and wrist include trigger finger, tenosynovitis of the first through sixth dorsal extensor compartments, and flexor carpi radialis tendonitis. Management strategies include nonsurgical treatments, such as splinting, injection, or therapy, and surgical techniques such as tendon release...
December 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Christiana Blume, Sharon Wang-Price, Elaine Trudelle-Jackson, Alexis Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Researchers have demonstrated moderate evidence for the use of exercise in the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). Recent evidence also supports eccentric exercise for patients with lower extremity and wrist tendinopathies. However, only a few investigators have examined the effects of eccentric exercise on patients with rotator cuff tendinopathy. PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of an eccentric progressive resistance exercise (PRE) intervention to a concentric PRE intervention in adults with SAIS...
August 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Peter R G Brink, Bas B G M Franssen, Dominique J G Disseldorp
BACKGROUND: Flexor carpi radialis (FCR) tendinopathy is an entity with a chronic form (repetitiveness of work) and an acute form (acute overstretching of the wrist). Confirmation of this syndrome can be established by injection of a small amount of a local anesthetic in the sheet of the FCR at this tender point. Complete relieve of the symptoms after injection confirms the existence of a tendinopathy of the FCR. Whereas rest and/or local application of steroids do not have a persistent effect on the short term outcome, a tenolysis could be performed...
June 2015: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
A Dumusc, P Zufferey
The lateral and medial epicondylitis is often manifested in a professional or in a sport context leading to repetitive wrist movements. The diagnosis is primarily clinical. Additional tests are indicated in chronic evolution and in searching for differential diagnoses. Elbow X-ray can be completed with ultrasound or MRI, the most efficient but expensive diagnostic procedure. There is no consensus on treatment. After a period of rest, stretching then strengthening exercises are recommended. Corticosteroid injections may provide a short-term beneficial effect...
March 11, 2015: Revue Médicale Suisse
Brandon E Earp, Carin H Han, W Emerson Floyd, Tamara D Rozental, Philip E Blazar
PURPOSE: To determine short- and long-term success rates of a single corticosteroid injection for de Quervain tendinopathy while identifying prognostic indicators for symptom recurrence and repeat intervention. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients with de Quervain tendinopathy treated with corticosteroid injections (lidocaine plus triamcinolone acetonide or dexamethasone) were prospectively enrolled. Patients with inflammatory arthritis, carpometacarpal osteoarthritis, or a previous distal radius fracture affecting the symptomatic wrist were excluded...
June 2015: Journal of Hand Surgery
Jonathan J Streit, Yousef Shishani, Mark Rodgers, Reuben Gobezie
BACKGROUND: Bicipital tendinitis is a common cause of anterior shoulder pain, but there is no evidence that acute inflammation of the extra-articular long head of the biceps (LHB) tendon is the root cause of this condition. We evaluated the histologic findings of the extra-articular portion of the LHB tendon and synovial sheath in order to compare those findings to known histologic changes seen in other tendinopathies. METHODS: Twenty-six consecutive patients (mean age 45...
2015: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
Ary Gomes da Silva, Elbe Rodrigues Machado, Leonardo Mendes de Almeida, Ricardo Marcelo Menezes Nunes, Patrícia Caldeira Pena Giesbrecht, Regina Mamed Costa, Helber B Costa, Wanderson Romão, Ricardo Machado Kuster
One of the Brazilian arnicas, Solidago chilensis Meyen, is a species of the Asteraceae family. This plant is known by this common name because it shares remarkably similar organoleptic properties with the genus Arnica L., also within the family Asteraceae. We examined the effectiveness of the S. chilensis fluid extract used externally for treating tendinitis of flexor and extensor tendons of wrist and hand in placebo-controlled double-blind clinical pharmacological studies. This study was approved by the Ethical Committee for Scientific Research in Human Beings at University Vila Velha-UVV...
June 2015: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Aaron M Kociolek, Peter J Keir
UNLABELLED: Finger flexor tendinopathies and carpal tunnel syndrome are histologically characterised by non-inflammatory fibrosis of the subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT) in the carpal tunnel, which is indicative of excessive and repetitive shear forces between the finger flexor tendons and SSCT. We assessed flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) tendon and adjacent SSCT displacements with colour Doppler ultrasound as 16 healthy participants completed long finger flexion/extension movements captured by a motion capture system...
2015: Ergonomics
Hsien Khai Tan, Nicholas Chew, Kelvin T L Chew, Wilfred C G Peh
The wrist is a common site of injury and the most frequently injured body part among professional golfers. A 37-year-old, right-handed male golfer presented with pain at the ulnar aspect of his left palm, which grew worse after an initial traumatic impact from the golf club handle. There was tenderness over the hypothenar eminence of the left palm. Computed tomography of the left wrist showed an undisplaced fracture through the base of the hamate hook. The golf-induced hamate hook fracture was managed conservatively, with cessation of physical activity involving the left hand and wrist for eight weeks...
October 2014: Singapore Medical Journal
Tom A Ranger, Wendy M Braybon, Craig R Purdam, Jill L Cook
CONTEXT: Lateral epicondylalgia, pain at the lateral elbow, is commonly associated with extensor carpi radialis brevis tendinopathy. The radial head, which abuts the extensor tendons and is elliptical in shape, may affect the extensor tendons during pronation of the forearm. Cadaverous studies have shown that the radial head may act as a cam in pronation, to offer a mechanical advantage to the common extensor tendon and to mitigate load on the origin of the extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon...
February 2015: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
E Noboa, G López-Graña, R Barco, S Antuña
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the internal validity of a clinical test for the early diagnosis of shoulder adhesive capsulitis, called the Distension Test in Passive External Rotation (DTPER). MATERIAL AND METHOD: The DTPER is performed with the patient standing up, the arm adducted, and the elbow bent at 90°. From this position, a smooth passive external rotation is started, the affected arm being supporting at the wrist with one hand of the examiner and the other maintaining the adducted elbow until the maximum painless point of the rotation is reached...
September 2015: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Francesco Franceschi, Rocco Papalia, Michele Paciotti, Edoardo Franceschetti, Alberto Di Martino, Nicola Maffulli, Vincenzo Denaro
Purpose. In the last few years, evidence has emerged to support the possible association between increased BMI and susceptibility to some musculoskeletal diseases. We systematically review the literature to clarify whether obesity is a risk factor for the onset of tendinopathy. Methods. We searched PubMed, Cochrane Central, and Embase Biomedical databases using the keywords "obesity," "overweight," and "body mass index" linked in different combinations with the terms "tendinopathy," "tendinitis," "tendinosis," "rotator cuff," "epicondylitis," "wrist," "patellar," "quadriceps," "Achilles," "Plantar Fascia," and "tendon...
2014: International Journal of Endocrinology
Allan Mishra, Joseph M Pirolo, Taco Gosens
Medial epicondylar tendinopathy, also known as golfer's elbow, is less common than lateral elbow tendinopathy. Overhead throwing athletes and those participating in sports that require repeated forearm pronation and wrist flexion are most commonly affected by this disorder. This problem predominates in amateur as opposed to professional athletes and is also seen more commonly in patients over 40 years of age. This review will begin by outlining the incidence, history, and physical examination of medial epicondylar tendinopathy, including a new clinical test...
September 2014: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Arvin Kheterpal, Adam Zoga, Kristen McClure
Calcific tendinitis is a common source of musculoskeletal pain in adults; however, it is rarely encountered in children. Calcific tendinitis is the most commonly encountered manifestation of hydroxyapatite deposition disease, in which calcium hydroxyapatite crystal deposition occurs in tendons. It may cause acute or chronic pain, or may be entirely asymptomatic. We describe a case of acute calcific tendinitis of the flexor pollicis longus tendon in an 8-year-old boy, who initially presented to our department for workup of a mass felt along the volar aspect of the right wrist...
October 2014: Skeletal Radiology
Michelle A Sandrey
REFERENCE: de Vos RJ, van Veldhoven PLJ, Moen MH, Weir A, Tol JL. Autologous growth factor injections in chronic tendinopathy: a systematic review. Br Med Bull. 2010;95:63-77. CLINICAL QUESTION: The authors of this systematic review evaluated the literature to critically consider the effects of growth factors delivered through autologous whole-blood and platelet-rich-plasma (PRP) injections in managing wrist-flexor and -extensor tendinopathies, plantar fasciopathy, and patellar tendinopathy...
May 2014: Journal of Athletic Training
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