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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333842/an-adolescent-with-idiopathic-pleuroparenchymal-fibroelastosis-case-report
#1
Emine Atag, Nilay Bas Ikizoglu, Yasemin Gokdemir, Ela Erdem Eralp, Gursu Kiyan, Dilek Yilmazbayhan, Bulent Karadag
Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a rare disorder recently included in rare idiopathic interstitial pneumonias according to the updated American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society classification. IPPFE is characterized by pleural and subpleural parenchymal fibrosis causing volume loss predominantly in the upper lung lobes. Age of onset is variable, IPPFE mainly occurs in third and fourth decades. We present a 16 year old patient with a 2-year history of exertional dyspnea, nonproductive cough and weight loss...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322535/anatomy-of-the-upper-respiratory-tract-in-domestic-birds-with-emphasis-on-vocalization
#2
REVIEW
C Casteleyn, P Cornillie, S Van Cruchten, W Van den Broeck, C Van Ginneken, P Simoens
This work reviews the anatomy of the upper respiratory tract in domestic birds including the chicken and pigeon. Non-exhaustive additional information on other bird species, illustrating the extraordinary diversity in the biological class Aves, can be found in several footnotes. The described anatomical structures are functionally considered in view of avian sound production. In particular, the Syrinx is invaluable. Its most important structures are the Labia and the lateral and medial tympaniform membranes in non-songbirds and songbirds, respectively...
January 11, 2018: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302540/a-chart-review-of-morbidity-patterns-among-adult-patients-attending-primary-care-setting-in-urban-odisha-india-an-international-classification-of-primary-care-experience
#3
Subhashisa Swain, Sandipana Pati, Sanghamitra Pati
Introduction: Disease burden estimations based on sound epidemiological research provide the foundation for designing health services. Patients visiting a primary care often present with symptoms and signs. Understanding the burden is crucial for developing countries including India. The project aimed to record the reasons for encounter (RFE) at primary care settings for estimating the burden at the health-care facility. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was undertaken at four urban health dispensaries of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, with the aim to explore the prevailing patterns of diseases among patients attending these facilities...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289410/respiratory-and-laryngeal-function-in-teachers-pre-and-postvocal-loading-challenge
#4
Nicole E Herndon, Anusha Sundarrajan, M Preeti Sivasankar, Jessica E Huber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine laryngeal and respiratory physiological changes in teachers before and after a 1-hour vocal loading challenge. METHODS: Twelve teachers completed ratings of vocal tiredness, vocal effort, and produced a reading passage and monologue before and after a 1-hour vocal loading challenge (reading aloud in noise). Sound pressure level, lung volume parameters, cepstral peak prominence, and low/high spectral ratio were measured...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277165/reasons-and-risk-factors-for-beef-calf-and-youngstock-on-farm-mortality-in-extensive-cow-calf-herds
#5
K Mõtus, A Viltrop, U Emanuelson
Raising calves and youngstock is an essential part of beef production. High on-farm mortality (unassisted death and euthanasia) is a consequence of poor animal health and welfare, and is economically unfavourable. The present study aimed to identify the reasons and risk factors for beef calf and youngstock on-farm mortality, using registry data for the years 2013 to 2015. Cox regression models were applied for the data of four age groups: calves up to 30 days (n=21 075), calves 1 to 5 months (n=21 116), youngstock 6 to 19 months (n=22 637) and youngstock ⩾20 months of age (n=9582)...
December 26, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224300/-etiological-analysis-and-establishment-of-a-discriminant-model-for-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-hospitalized-patients
#6
Y S Chen, X H Lin, H R Li, Z D Hua, M Q Lin, W S Huang, T Yu, H Y Lyu, W P Mao, Y Q Liang, X R Peng, S J Chen, H Zheng, S Q Lian, X L Hu, X Q Yao
Objective: To analyze the pathogens of lower respiratory tract infection(LRTI) including bacterial, viral and mixed infection, and to establish a discriminant model based on clinical features in order to predict the pathogens. Methods: A total of 243 hospitalized patients with lower respiratory tract infections were enrolled in Fujian Provincial Hospital from April 2012 to September 2015. The clinical data and airway (sputum and/or bronchoalveolar lavage) samples were collected. Microbes were identified by traditional culture (for bacteria), loop-mediated isothermal amplification(LAMP) and gene sequencing (for bacteria and atypical pathogen), or Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR)for viruses...
December 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219088/the-health-effects-of-hotter-summers-and-heat-waves-in-the-population-of-the-united-kingdom-a-review-of-the-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Katherine G Arbuthnott, Shakoor Hajat
It is widely acknowledged that the climate is warming globally and within the UK. In this paper, studies which assess the direct impact of current increased temperatures and heat-waves on health and those which project future health impacts of heat under different climate change scenarios in the UK are reviewed.This review finds that all UK studies demonstrate an increase in heat-related mortality occurring at temperatures above threshold values, with respiratory deaths being more sensitive to heat than deaths from cardiovascular disease (although the burden from cardiovascular deaths is greater in absolute terms)...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211841/perioperative-benefit-and-outcome-of-thoracic-epidural-in-esophageal-surgery-a-clinical-review
#8
P Feltracco, A Bortolato, S Barbieri, E Michieletto, E Serra, A Ruol, S Merigliano, C Ori
Surgery for esophageal cancer is a highly stressful and painful procedure, and a significant amount of analgesics may be required to eliminate perioperative pain and blunt the stress response to surgery. Proper management of postoperative pain has invariably been shown to reduce the incidence of postoperative complications and accelerate recovery. Neuraxial analgesic techniques after major thoracic and upper abdominal surgery have long been established to reduce respiratory, cardiovascular, metabolic, inflammatory, and neurohormonal complications...
December 2, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211198/respiratory-status-of-adult-patients-in-the-postoperative-period-of-thoracic-or-upper-abdominal-surgeries
#9
Alana Gomes de Araujo Almeida, Lívia Maia Pascoal, Francisco Dimitre Rodrigo Pereira Santos, Pedro Martins Lima, Simony Fabíola Lopes Nunes, Vanessa Emille Carvalho de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the respiratory status of postoperative adult patients by assessing the nursing outcome Respiratory Status. METHOD: descriptive, cross-sectional study developed with 312 patients. Eighteen NOC indicators were assessed and rated using a Likert-scale questionnaire and definitions. Descriptive and correlative analysis were conducted. RESULTS: the most compromised clinical indicators were coughing (65.5%), auscultated breath sounds (55%), and respiratory rate (51...
December 4, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204608/magnitude-of-neck-surface-vibration-as-an-estimate-of-subglottal-pressure-during-modulations-of-vocal-effort-and-intensity-in-healthy-speakers
#10
Victoria S McKenna, Andres F Llico, Daryush D Mehta, Joseph S Perkell, Cara E Stepp
Purpose: This study examined the relationship between the magnitude of neck-surface vibration (NSVMag; transduced with an accelerometer) and intraoral estimates of subglottal pressure (P'sg) during variations in vocal effort at 3 intensity levels. Method: Twelve vocally healthy adults produced strings of /pɑ/ syllables in 3 vocal intensity conditions, while increasing vocal effort during each condition. Measures were made of P'sg (estimated during stop-consonant closure), NSVMag (measured during the following vowel), sound pressure level, and respiratory kinematics...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200634/the-immediate-effects-of-rib-cage-joint-mobilization-and-chest-wall-stretch-on-muscle-tone-and-stiffness-of-respiratory-muscles-and-chest-expansion-ability-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#11
Shin-Jun Park, Soon-Hee Kim, Kyung-Ok Min
[Purpose] The main purpose of this study was to identify the impact of rib cage joint mobilization and chest wall stretch on respiratory muscle tone and stiffness and chest expansion in stroke patients and to compare the effects of both interventions. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were randomly assigned to a rib cage joint mobilization group (n=15) or a chest wall stretch group (n=15). Respiratory muscle tone and stiffness were measured using a myotonometer, and the chest expansion was gauged using a measuring tape...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185035/relationship-between-frequency-of-spontaneous-swallowing-and-salivary-substance-p-level-in-patients-with-acute-stroke
#12
Masachika Niimi, Gentaro Hashimoto, Takatoshi Hara, Naoki Yamada, Masahiro Abo, Hiroto Fujigasaki, Takafumi Ide
The frequency of spontaneous swallowing is useful for screening of dysphagia in acute stroke. Low levels of substance P (SP) in saliva attenuate the swallowing reflex. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the frequency of spontaneous swallowing and salivary SP levels. In 40 subjects, saliva was collected within 72 h after stroke onset and salivary SP levels were measured using ELISA kit at a later date. The frequency of spontaneous swallowing was measured over 1 h using a microphone placed on the neck...
November 28, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184596/the-use-of-tracheal-sounds-for-the-diagnosis-of-sleep-apnoea
#13
REVIEW
Thomas Penzel, AbdelKebir Sabil
Tracheal sounds have been the subject of many research studies. In this review, we describe the state of the art, original work relevant to upper airways obstruction during sleep, and ongoing research concerning the methods used when analysing tracheal sounds. Tracheal sound sensors are a simple and noninvasive means of measurement and are more reliable than other breathing sensors. Developments in acoustic processing techniques and enhancements in tracheal sound signals over the past decade have led to improvements in the accuracy and clinical relevance of diagnoses based on this technology...
June 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170980/from-electromyographic-activity-to-frequency-modulation-in-zebra-finch-song
#14
Juan F Döppler, Alan Bush, Franz Goller, Gabriel B Mindlin
Behavior emerges from the interaction between the nervous system and peripheral devices. In the case of birdsong production, a delicate and fast control of several muscles is required to control the configuration of the syrinx (the avian vocal organ) and the respiratory system. In particular, the syringealis ventralis muscle is involved in the control of the tension of the vibrating labia and thus affects the frequency modulation of the sound. Nevertheless, the translation of the instructions (which are electrical in nature) into acoustical features is complex and involves nonlinear, dynamical processes...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157190/mucopolysaccharidosis-type-vi-in-a-great-dane-caused-by-a-nonsense-mutation-in-the-arsb-gene
#15
Ping Wang, Carol Margolis, Gloria Lin, Elizabeth L Buza, Scott Quick, Karthik Raj, Rachel Han, Urs Giger
Mucopolysaccharidoses are inherited metabolic disorders that result from a deficiency of lysosomal enzymes required for the catabolism of glycosaminoglycans. Lysosomal glycosaminoglycan accumulation results in cell and organ dysfunction. This study characterized the phenotype and genotype of mucopolysaccharidosis VI in a Great Dane puppy with clinical signs of stunted growth, facial dysmorphia, skeletal deformities, corneal opacities, and increased respiratory sounds. Clinical and pathologic evaluations, urine glycosaminoglycan analyses, lysosomal enzyme assays, and ARSB sequencing were performed...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148182/reliability-validity-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-computerized-respiratory-sounds-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Ana Oliveira, Susan Lage, João Rodrigues, Alda Marques
INTRODUCTION: Computerized respiratory sounds (CRS) are closely related to the movement of air within the tracheobronchial tree and are promising outcome measures in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, CRS measurement properties have been poorly tested. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reliability, validity and the minimal detectable changes (MDC) of CRS in patients with stable COPD. METHODS: Fifty patients (36♂, 67...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143446/realism-in-paediatric-emergency-simulations-a-prospective-comparison-of-in-situ-low-fidelity-and-centre-based-high-fidelity-scenarios
#17
Fenton O'Leary, Ioannis Pegiazoglou, Kathryn McGarvey, Ruza Novakov, Ingrid Wolfsberger, Jennifer Peat
OBJECTIVE: To measure scenario participant and faculty self-reported realism, engagement and learning for the low fidelity, in situ simulations and compare this to high fidelity, centre-based simulations. METHODS: A prospective survey of scenario participants and faculty completing in situ and centre-based paediatric simulations. RESULTS: There were 382 responses, 276 from scenario participants and 106 from faculty with 241 responses from in situ and 141 from centre-based simulations...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132198/clinical-features-of-snoring-patients-during-sedative-endoscopy
#18
Jung Wha Chung, Nayoung Kim, Jee Hye Wee, Jaebong Lee, Jongchan Lee, Soohoon Kwon, Young-Jae Hwang, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Dong Ho Lee, Jin-Wook Kim
Background/Aims: Snoring is the sound of turbulence and vibration of the upper respiratory tissues and has been identified as a risk factor of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to identify associated clinical factors in snoring patients undergoing sedative endoscopy. Methods: A total of 49 patients who snored during standard sedative endoscopy and 127 controls were prospectively enrolled from June 2015 to June 2016...
November 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120036/rapid-assessment-with-physical-examination-in-dyspnoeic-cats-the-rapid-cat-study
#19
D Dickson, C J L Little, J Harris, M Rishniw
OBJECTIVES: To determine the underlying disease prevalence in acute feline dyspnoea and to examine whether historical and clinical examination findings can differentiate between acute cardiac and non-cardiac dyspnoea in cats in primary practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled cats presenting with dyspnoea for the first time to primary practice between June 1, 2011 and October 31, 2016. We collected signalment, historical and clinical data at presentation using a standard form...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119961/-the-effectiveness-of-the-improvement-of-health-in-the-schoolchildren-staying-in-a-country-summer-camp
#20
D N Lir, A Ya Perevalov
Organization of recreational activities in the children's camps is inseparable from the assessment of their effectiveness. AIM: The objective of the present study was to estimate the influence of the pastime of the children in a summer camp under the habitual climatic conditions and the resulting improvement of their health status including the body component composition and the functional state of the organism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 44 schoolchildren at the age from 9 to12 years...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
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