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Tests and Measures Spine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632593/functional-and-radiographic-outcomes-following-growth-sparing-management-of-early-onset-scoliosis
#1
Charles E Johnston, Dong-Phuong Tran, Anna McClung
BACKGROUND: In this study, we sought to evaluate radiographic, functional, and quality-of-life outcomes of patients who have completed growth-sparing management of early-onset scoliosis. METHODS: This prospective study involved patients with early-onset scoliosis who underwent growth-sparing treatment and either "final" fusion or observation for ≥2 years since the last lengthening procedure. Demographics, radiographic parameters, pulmonary function test (PFT) values, and scores of patient-reported assessments (Early-Onset Scoliosis Questionnaire [EOSQ] and Scoliosis Research Society [SRS]-30) were obtained...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630729/acetabular-rim-length-an-anatomical-study-to-determine-reasonable-graft-sizes-for-labral-reconstruction
#2
Michael R Karns, Sunny H Patel, Jensen Kolaczko, Raymond W Liu, Richard C Mather, Brian J White, Shane J Nho, Michael J Salata
The purpose of this article is to determine normative values for the length of the acetabular rim and detect differences between gender, age, ethnicity, height and leg length. Six measurements were taken on the acetabular rim of 143 cadaveric skeleton specimens (286 acetabula) using a coordinate-measuring device: circumferential (excluding acetabular notch), anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)-anterior, AIIS-posterior, 12-3 o'clock, 12-9 o'clock and 11-5 o'clock. Museum specimen height data and leg length data from a previous study were recorded for 109 of 143 specimens...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629805/association-of-hip-radiograph-findings-with-pain-and-function-in-patients-presenting-with-low-back-pain
#3
Heidi Prather, Abby Cheng, Karen Steger May, Vaibhav Maheshwari, Linda VanDillen
BACKGROUND: Relationships between low back pain (LBP) and the hip in patient cohorts have been described primarily in patients with moderate to severe hip osteoarthritis (OA). Less is known about the links of LBP with hip radiographic findings of hip deformity and minimal OA. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to 1) describe the incidence of radiographic hip deformity or hip OA, 2) describe and compare spine and hip related pain and function in the subset of patients who were found to have radiographic hip deformity or hip OA, and (3) compare patients with evidence of radiographic hip deformity or hip OA to patients without hip radiographic findings...
June 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624723/repeated-end-range-spinal-movement-while-seated-abolishes-the-proprioceptive-deficit-induced-by-prolonged-flexed-sitting-posture-a-study-assessing-the-statistical-and-clinical-significance-of-spinal-position-sense
#4
Vasileios Korakakis, Giannis Giakas, Vasilis Sideris, Rodney Whiteley
BACKGROUND: Sustained spinal flexion has been proposed to affect the properties of spinal tissues, increase postural muscle's activation latency and act detrimentally on proprioception. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effect of flexed posture (FP) on spinal proprioception and assessed the immediate effect of spinal movement on the presumable flexion-induced proprioceptive deficit. DESIGN: Clinical measurement study. METHODS: Marker-based kinematic analyses of the head, spine, and pelvis were conducted on 50 individuals...
June 10, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623897/altered-somatosensory-profile-according-to-quantitative-sensory-testing-in-patients-with-degenerative-lumbar-spine-disorders-scheduled-for-surgery
#5
Yvonne Lindbäck, Hans Tropp, Paul Enthoven, Björn Gerdle, Allan Abbott, Birgitta Öberg
BACKGROUND: Somatosensory profiling in affected and non-affected body regions can strengthen our insight regarding the underlying pain mechanisms, which can be valuable in treatment decision making and to improve outcomes, in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disorders pre-surgery. The aim was to describe somatosensory profiles in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disorders, to identify the proportion with altered somatosensory profile, and to analyze demographic characteristics, self-reported function, pain, and health pre- and 3 months post-surgery...
June 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618292/influence-of-transcutaneous-spinal-stimulation-on-human-ltp-like-pain-amplification-a-randomized-double-blind-study-in-volunteers
#6
L M Schweizer, P K Zahn, E M Pogatzki-Zahn, W Magerl, M Tegenthoff, C H Meyer-Frießem
OBJECTIVE: Transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS) has been proven to affect nociceptive signal processing. We designed a randomized, double-blind, cross-over study to investigate whether tsDCS applied before or after inducing long-term potentiation-(LTP)-like hyperalgesia may decrease nociceptive sensitivity. METHODS: In healthy volunteers, tsDCS (2.5mA, 15min) was applied to the thoracic spine prior (n=14) or immediately following (n=12) electrical high-frequency stimulation (HFS) to the thigh, inducing hyperalgesia...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614590/chronic-ethanol-during-adolescence-impacts-corticolimbic-dendritic-spines-and-behavior
#7
Nicholas J Jury, Gabrielle A Pollack, Meredith J Ward, Jessica L Bezek, Alexandra J Ng, Courtney R Pinard, Hadley C Bergstrom, Andrew Holmes
BACKGROUND: Risk for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in adulthood is linked to alcohol drinking during adolescence, but understanding of the neural and behavioral consequences of alcohol exposure during adolescence remains incomplete. Here, we examined the neurobehavioral impact of adolescent chronic intermittent EtOH (CIE) vapor exposure in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6J-background Thy1-EGFP mice were CIE-exposed during adolescence or adulthood and examined, as adults, for alterations in the density and morphology of dendritic spines in infralimbic (IL) cortex, prelimbic (PL) cortex, and basolateral amygdala (BLA)...
June 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612890/technology-in-rehabilitation-comparing-personalised-and-global-classification-methodologies-in-evaluating-the-squat-exercise-with-wearable-imus
#8
Martin A O'Reilly, Darragh Whelan, Tomás E Ward, Eamonn Delahunt, Brian Caulfield
BACKGROUND: The barbell squat is a popularly used lower limb rehabilitation exercise. It is also an integral exercise in injury risk screening protocols. To date athlete/patient technique has been assessed using expensive laboratory equipment or subjective clinical judgement; both of which are not without shortcomings. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) may offer a low cost solution for the objective evaluation of athlete/patient technique. However, it is not yet known if global classification techniques are effective in identifying naturally occurring, minor deviations in barbell squat technique...
June 14, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612121/estimation-of-respiratory-volume-from-thoracoabdominal-breathing-distances-comparison-of-two-models-of-machine-learning
#9
Rémy Dumond, Steven Gastinger, Hala Abdul Rahman, Alexis Le Faucheur, Patrice Quinton, Haitao Kang, Jacques Prioux
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to both improve the accuracy of respiratory volume (V) estimates using the respiratory magnetometer plethysmography (RMP) technique and facilitate the use of this technique. METHOD: We compared two models of machine learning (ML) for estimating [Formula: see text]: a linear model (multiple linear regression-MLR) and a nonlinear model (artificial neural network-ANN), and we used cross-validation to validate these models. Fourteen healthy adults, aged [Formula: see text] years participated in the present study...
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610442/the-effect-of-a-corrective-functional-exercise-program-on-postural-thoracic-kyphosis-in-teenagers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Qiang Feng, Mei Wang, Yanfeng Zhang, Yu Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a corrective functional exercise program on postural thoracic kyphosis in teenagers in China. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial including students with a thoracic kyphosis angle (TKA) >40° measured using the SpinalMouse. SETTING: China Institute of Sport Science and three middle schools in Beijing, China. SUBJECTS: A total of 181 subjects were included in this trial; of these, 164 subjects were included in the analyses (intervention group, n = 81; control group, n = 83)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609701/the-3d-pelvic-inclination-correction-system-pics-a-universally-applicable-coordinate-system-for-isovolumetric-imaging-measurements-tested-in-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-pop
#11
Caecilia S Reiner, Tom Williamson, Thomas Winklehner, Sean Lisse, Daniel Fink, John O L DeLancey, Cornelia Betschart
In pelvic organ prolapse (POP), the organs are pushed downward along the lines of gravity, so measurements along this longitudinal body axis are desirable. We propose a universally applicable 3D coordinate system that corrects for changes in pelvic inclination and that allows the localization of any point in the pelvis at rest or under dynamic conditions on magnetic resonance images (MRI) of pelvic floor disorders in a scanner- and software independent manner. The proposed 3D coordinate system called 3D Pelvic Inclination Correction System (PICS) is constructed utilizing four bony landmark points, with the origin set at the inferior pubic point, and three additional points at the sacrum (sacrococcygeal joint) and both ischial spines, which are clearly visible on MRI images...
June 3, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606403/diaphragmatic-dysfunction-in-sepn1-related-myopathy
#12
Serena Caggiano, Sonia Khirani, Ivana Dabaj, Eliana Cavassa, Alessandro Amaddeo, Jorge Olmo Arroyo, Isabelle Desguerre, Pascale Richard, Renato Cutrera, Ana Ferreiro, Brigitte Estournet, Susana Quijano-Roy, Brigitte Fauroux
SEPN1-related myopathy (SEPN1-RM) is characterized by predominant axial muscle weakness, early scoliosis, rigid spine and severe respiratory insufficiency. The aim of the study was to characterize the mechanisms of respiratory dysfunction in SEPN1-RM patients. Breathing pattern and respiratory muscle strength were measured by means of esophageal (Pes) and gastric (Pgas) pressures. Seven patients aged 7-55 years (1 adult) at first respiratory muscle test were studied. Five patients were treated by nocturnal noninvasive ventilation (NIV)  ≥ 4 months...
April 26, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601784/socioeconomic-measures-influence-survival-in-osteosarcoma-an-analysis-of-the-national-cancer-data-base
#13
Benjamin J Miller, Yubo Gao, Kyle R Duchman
BACKGROUND: While previous studies have identified low socioeconomic status as a risk factor for metastatic disease in patients with high-grade osteosarcoma, the influence of socioeconomic status on overall survival remains unclear. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between survival and socioeconomic status in patients with high-grade conventional osteosarcoma. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) was queried from 1998-2012 to identify all patients <40years of age with a diagnosis of high-grade conventional osteosarcoma...
June 8, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593097/the-effect-of-electrical-stimulation-versus-sham-cueing-on-scapular-position-during-exercise-in-patients-with-scapular-dyskinesis
#14
Deborah L Walker, Cheryl J Hickey, Mason B Tregoning
BACKGROUND: Conventional therapeutic exercise programs are commonly used to treat patients with scapular dyskinesis. There are no studies that have examined traditional therapeutic exercise programs with the addition of remote triggered electrical stimulation (ES) to affect the position of the scapula (using spine to scapular border distance as a reference point) during the performance of exercises that have lower upper trapezius (UT) to lower trapezius (LT) ratio exercises. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to compare scapular position after performance of three low UT/LT ratio therapeutic exercises in two conditions, electrical stimulation (ESTherex) and sham electrical stimulation (ShamTherex) in asymptomatic persons who were positive for scapular dyskinesis...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591341/the-effect-of-frax-on-the-prediction-of-osteoporotic-fractures-in-urban-middle-aged-and-elderly-healthy-chinese-adults
#15
Jun Wang, Xuejun Wang, Zhen Fang, Nanjia Lu, Liyuan Han
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the applicability of a fracture risk assessment tool for the prediction of osteoporotic fractures in middle-aged and elderly healthy Chinese adults. METHODS: A standard questionnaire was administered, and bone mineral density was measured in residents visiting the Dongliu Street Community Health Service Center. Paired t-tests were used to compare the FRAX-based probabilities of fractures estimated with and without consideration of bone mineral density...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591075/comparison-of-the-vacuum-mattress-versus-the-spine-board-alone-for-immobilization-of-the-cervical-spine-injured-patient-a-biomechanical-cadaveric-study
#16
Mark L Prasarn, Per Kristian Hyldmo, Laura A Zdziarski, Evan Loewy, Dewayne Dubose, MaryBeth Horodyski, Glenn R Rechtine
STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical cadaveric study. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Trauma patients in the United States are immobilized on a rigid spine board, whereas in many other places vacuum mattresses are used with the proposed advantages of improved comfort and better immobilization of the spine. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the amount of motion generated in an unstable cervical spine fracture with use of the vacuum mattress versus the spine board alone...
June 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580396/combined-aerobic-and-resistance-training-improves-bone-health-of-female-cancer-survivors
#17
Hawley C Almstedt, Silvie Grote, Joshua R Korte, Stephanie Perez Beaudion, Todd C Shoepe, Sarah Strand, Heather P Tarleton
INTRODUCTION: Cancer pathogenesis and resulting treatment may lead to bone loss and poor skeletal health in survivorship. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the influence of 26 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance-training (CART) exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) in a multi-racial sample of female cancer survivors. METHODS: Twenty-six female cancer survivors volunteered to undergo CART for 1 h/day, 3 days/week, for 26 weeks. The Improving Physical Activity After Cancer Treatment (IMPAACT) Program involves supervised group exercise sessions including 20 min of cardiorespiratory training, 25 min of circuit-style resistance-training, and 15 min of abdominal exercises and stretching...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574219/optimization-of-the-dosimetric-leaf-gap-for-use-in-planning-vmat-treatments-of-spine-sabr-cases
#18
Nigel D Middlebrook, Bess Sutherland, Tanya Kairn
The dosimetric leaf gap (DLG) is a beam configuration parameter used in the Varian Eclipse treatment planning system, to model the effects of rounded MLC leaf ends. Measuring the DLG using the conventional sliding-slit technique has been shown to be produce questionable results for some volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) treatments. This study therefore investigated the use of radiochromic film measurements to optimize the DLG specifically for the purpose of producing accurate VMAT plans using a flattening-filter-free (FFF) beam, for use in treating vertebral targets using a stereotactic (SABR, also known as SBRT) fractionation schedule...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567219/the-effect-of-anxiety-depression-and-optimism-on-postoperative-satisfaction-and-clinical-outcomes-in-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-and-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-patients-cohort-study
#19
Jaewon Lee, Hong-Sik Kim, Kyu-Dong Shim, Ye-Soo Park
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of depression, anxiety, and optimism on postoperative satisfaction and clinical outcomes in patients who underwent less than two-level posterior instrumented fusions for lumbar spinal stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis. METHODS: Preoperative psychological status of subjects, such as depression, anxiety, and optimism, was evaluated using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R)...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562557/correlation-between-respiratory-function-and-spine-and-thorax-deformity-in-children-with-mild-scoliosis
#20
Andrzej Szopa, Małgorzata Domagalska-Szopa
Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is the most common 3-dimensional deformation abnormality of the spine with direct effects on the thoracic cage and can potentially affect respiratory function.The purpose of the present study was to recognize whether the 3-dimensional displacement of the spine and trunk as a consequence of IS directly influences and diminishes respiratory function in children with mild IS.The study involved 68 children aged 10 to 12 years with mild thoracic or thoracolumbar IS who were the outpatients of the local Center for Corrective Gymnastics...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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